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"Liver failure"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161684/higher-versus-lower-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-intensity-in-critically-ill-patients-with-liver-dysfunction
#1
Zachary O'Brien, Alan Cass, Louise Cole, Simon Finfer, Martin Gallagher, Colin McArthur, Shay McGuiness, John Myburgh, Rinaldo Bellomo, Johan Mårtensson
AIMS: To study the association between higher versus lower continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) intensity and mortality in critically ill patients with combined acute kidney injury and liver dysfunction. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of patients with liver dysfunction (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment liver score ≥2 or diagnosis of liver failure/transplant) included in the Randomized Evaluation of Normal versus Augmented Level renal replacement therapy (RENAL) trial...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157525/transcatheter-tricuspid-valve-replacement
#2
REVIEW
Amar Krishnaswamy, Jose Navia, Samir R Kapadia
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common entity, most commonly functional in nature due to right-sided dysfunction in the setting of concomitant cardiac disease or pulmonary hypertension. Patients living with TR often experience numerous limitations as a result of right-sided heart failure symptoms, including functional decline, frequent hospitalizations, liver failure, and kidney failure. Furthermore, patients with significant TR demonstrate worse survival, although a cause-and-effect relationship has not been proven...
January 2018: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157309/recent-knowledge-on-hepatitis-e-virus-in-suidae-reservoirs-and-transmission-routes-to-human
#3
REVIEW
Nicole Pavio, Virginie Doceul, Eugénie Bagdassarian, Reimar Johne
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes self-limiting acute hepatitis in humans that can eventually result in acute liver failures or progress to chronic infections. While in tropical and sub-tropical areas, HEV infections are associated with important waterborne epidemics, in Northern countries, HEV infections are autochthonous with a zoonotic origin. In the past decade, it has become clear that certain HEV genotypes are zoonotic and that swine, and more generally Suidae, are the main reservoir. Zoonotic transmissions of the virus may occur via direct contact with infected pigs, wild boars or consumption of contaminated meat...
November 21, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156683/shycd-induces-ape1-ref-1-subcellular-localization-to-regulate-the-p53-apoptosis-signaling-pathway-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#4
Jianxin Diao, Haiye Li, Wei Huang, Wenxiao Ma, Huan Dai, Yawei Liu, Ming Wang, He Yu Hua, Jinying Ou, Xiaomin Sun, Xuegang Sun, Yungao Yang
Background & Aims: San huang yin chi decoction(SHYCD) is derived from the yin chen hao decoction, a well-known and canonical Chinese medicine formula from the "Treatise on Febrile Diseases". Over the past decade, SHYCD has been used to treat and prevent the liver cirrhosis and liver failure. In the present study, we investigated the effects of SHYCD for acute on chronic liver failure(ACLF) and explored its potential mechanism. an ACLF rat model, which induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) combined with D-galactosamine (D-GalN) and lipopolysaccharide(LPS), was used and confirmed by B-ultrasound analysis...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156044/characteristics-prevention-and-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-reactivation-in-hbv-infected-patients-who-require-immunosuppressive-therapy
#5
Jonggi Choi, Young-Suk Lim
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation becomes a challenging issue with increasing use of immunosuppressive agents and cytotoxic chemotherapy for varied medical conditions, including cancer. The spectrum of HBV reactivation in the setting of immunosuppression may vary from asymptomatic reactivation to liver failure leading to death. HBV reactivation can hamper the course of planned therapies and diminish the effects of therapies; thus, it adversely affects the prognosis of the original disease and the survival of the patients...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152040/ayurvedic-drug-induced-liver-injury
#6
Kunal K Dalal, Thomas Holdbrook, Steven R Peikin
Drug induced liver injury is responsible for 50% of acute liver failure in developed countries. Ayurvedic and homeopathic medicine have been linked to liver injury. This case describes the first documented case of Punarnava mandur and Kanchnar guggulu causing drug induced liver injury. Drug induced liver injury may be difficult to diagnosis, but use of multi-modalities tools including the ACG algorithms, causative assessment scales, histological findings, and imaging, is recommended. Advanced imaging, such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, may possibly have a greater role than previously reported in literature...
November 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149510/transferrin-as-a-predictor-of-survival-in-cirrhosis
#7
André Viveiros, Armin Finkenstedt, Benedikt Schaefer, Mattias Mandorfer, Bernhard Scheiner, Konrad Lehner, Moritz Tobiasch, Thomas Reiberger, Herbert Tilg, Michael Edlinger, Heinz Zoller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with cirrhosis frequently present with high serum ferritin and low transferrin concentrations, reflecting impaired liver function and inflammation. Recent studies have shown that transferrin and its saturation with iron are MELD-independent predictors of mortality in patients with acute on chronic liver failure or decompensated cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of serum iron parameters in relation to markers of liver function and immune activation...
November 17, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149103/human-hepatocyte-transplantation-for-liver-disease-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Valeria Iansante, Ragai R Mitry, Céline Filippi, Emer Fitzpatrick, Anil Dhawan
Liver transplantation is the accepted treatment for patients with acute liver failure and liver-based metabolic disorders. However, donor organ shortage and lifelong need for immunosuppression are the main limitations to liver transplantation. In addition, loss of the native liver as target organ for future gene therapy for metabolic disorders limits the futuristic treatment options, resulting in the need for alternative therapeutic strategies. A potential alternative to liver transplantation is allogeneic hepatocyte transplantation...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148292/cholestatic-liver-injury-as-a-side-effect-of-dabigatran-and-the-use-of-coagulation-tests-in-dabigatran-intoxication-and-after-reversal-by-idarucizumab-in-bleeding-and-sepsis
#9
Willemijn J Comuth, Anne-Mette Haase, Linda Ø Henriksen, Jerzy Malczynski, Daan van de Kerkhof, Anna-Marie B Münster
Idarucizumab, an antidote specific for dabigatran, became available recently. Dabigatran is not associated with increased risk of hepatotoxicity in comparison with warfarin, but it is seen as a rare side-effect. Cases of cholestatic liver injury due to dabigatran have not been reported previously. We present a case of severe gastro-intestinal bleeding with underlying dabigatran intoxication in a patient with renal failure and the effect of reversal of dabigatran using idaruzicumab on coagulation assays. International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) results were elevated in a setting of sepsis, possibly due to liver failure...
November 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147139/insights-into-the-management-of-wilson-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Mohmadshakil Kathawala, Gideon M Hirschfield
Wilson's disease is a rare, inherited autosomal recessive disease of copper metabolism, in which the causative gene, ATP7B, results in absent or reduced function of the ATP7B transporter important for biliary excretion of copper and incorporation of copper into caeruloplasmin. Affected patients accumulate excessive copper within the liver, brain and other tissues. A disease mainly of children, adolescents and young adults; clinical features vary from the asymptomatic state to chronic liver disease, acute liver failure, and neuropsychiatric manifestations...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147012/piperidylmethyloxychalcone-improves-immune-mediated-acute-liver-failure-via-inhibiting-tak1-activity
#11
Sun Hong Park, Jeong-Ah Kwak, Sang-Hun Jung, Byeongwoo Ahn, Won-Jea Cho, Cheong-Yong Yun, Chang Seon Na, Bang Yeon Hwang, Jin Tae Hong, Sang-Bae Han, Youngsoo Kim
Mice deficient in the toll-like receptor (TLR) or the myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) are resistant to acute liver failure (ALF) with sudden death of hepatocytes. Chalcone derivatives from medicinal plants protect from hepatic damages including ALF, but their mechanisms remain to be clarified. Here, we focused on molecular basis of piperidylmethyloxychalcone (PMOC) in the treatment of TLR/MyD88-associated ALF. C57BL/6J mice were sensitized with D-galactosamine (GalN) and challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS, TLR4 agonist) or oligodeoxynucleotide containing unmethylated CpG motif (CpG ODN, TLR9 agonist) for induction of ALF...
November 17, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145697/acute-liver-failure-in-a-pregnant-patient
#12
EDITORIAL
Denise J Lo, Rachel J Friedman-Moraco, Benjamin H Hinrichs, Andrew B Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142481/rescue-case-of-low-birth-weight-infant-with-acute-hepatic-failure
#13
Noriki Okada, Yukihiro Sanada, Taizen Urahashi, Yoshiyuki Ihara, Naoya Yamada, Yuta Hirata, Takumi Katano, Kentaro Ushijima, Shinya Otomo, Shujiro Fujita, Koichi Mizuta
We report a case involving a rescued low birth weight infant (LBWI) with acute liver failure. CASE: The patient was 1594 g and 32(3/7) gestational wk at birth. At the age of 11 d, she developed acute liver failure due to gestational alloimmune liver disease. Exchange transfusion and high-dose gamma globulin therapy were initiated, and body weight increased with enteral nutrition. Exchange transfusion was performed a total of 33 times prior to living donor liver transplantation (LDLT)...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142477/modified-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-improves-short-term-prognosis-of-hepatitis-b-virus-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#14
Wei Chen, Jia You, Jing Chen, Qi Zheng, Jia-Ji Jiang, Yue-Yong Zhu
AIM: To investigate whether the short-term prognosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) could be improved by using a modified model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) including serum lactate. METHODS: This clinical study was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medicine University, China. From 2009 to 2015, 236 patients diagnosed with HBV-related ACLF at our center were recruited for this 3-month follow-up study...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139617/world-s-smallest-combined-en-bloc-liver-pancreas-transplantation
#15
Ahmed M Elsabbagh, Jason Hawksworth, Khalid M Khan, Nada Yazigi, Cal S Matsumoto, Thomas M Fishbein
We present a case of a 2-year-old child who underwent a combined en bloc liver and pancreas transplant following complications of WRS. WRS is characterized clinically through infantile insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, neutropenia, recurrent infections, propensity for liver failure following viral infections, bone dysplasia, and developmental delay. Usually, death occurs from fulminant liver and concomitant kidney failure. Few cases with WRS are reported in the literature, mostly from consanguineous parents...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138821/protective-effects-of-oxymatrine-against-lipopolysaccharide-d%C3%A2-galactosamine%C3%A2-induced-acute-liver-failure-through-oxidative-damage-via-activation-of-nrf2-ho%C3%A2-1-and-modulation-of-inflammatory-tlr4%C3%A2-signaling-pathways
#16
Jian Xu, Chengmin Li, Ziwei Li, Chan Yang, Lan Lei, Wei Ren, Yan Su, Chunping Chen
Oxymatrine has a variety of pharmacological functions, including anti-viral, anti-liver fibrotic, anti-cancer, anti‑bacterial, anti‑epidemic, analgesic, anti‑allergy and anti‑inflammatory properties. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of oxymatrine against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D‑galactosamine (D‑GalN)‑induced acute liver failure and the associated underlying mechanisms. Mice were administrated 4 mg/kg LPS and 600 mg/kg D‑GalN. Then, mice in the Oxymatrine group were treated with 120 mg/kg of oxymatrine for 4 weeks...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136249/natural-polyphenol-chlorogenic-acid-protects-against-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-activating-erk-nrf2-antioxidative-pathway
#17
Mengjuan Wei, Zhiyong Zheng, Liang Shi, Yao Jin, Lili Ji
Hepatotoxicity due to acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is a leading cause of drug-induced acute liver failure in clinic. Chlorogenic acid (CGA), a dietary polyphenol, was reported to prevent APAP-induced liver injury in our previous studies. This study aims to investigate the protection provided by CGA against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity via focusing on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK)1/2. CGA prevented APAP-induced oxidative liver injury and enhanced Nrf2 activation in mice and in hepatocytes in vitro...
November 10, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135887/ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-aged-livers-the-energy-metabolism-inflammatory-response-and-autophagy
#18
Chunyi Kan, Luisa Ungelenk, Amelie Lupp, Olaf Dirsch, Uta Dahmen
Due to the lack of adequate organs, the number of patients with end-stage liver diseases, acute liver failure or hepatic malignancies waiting for liver transplantation is constantly increasing. Accepting aged liver grafts is one of the strategies expanding the donor pool to ease the discrepancy between the growing demand and the limited supply of donor organs. However, recipients of organs from old donors may show an increased post-transplantation morbidity and mortality due to enhanced ischemia reperfusion injury...
November 11, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132195/current-evidence-for-the-use-of-n-acetylcysteine-following-liver-resection
#19
REVIEW
Richard Kemp, Jonathan Mole, Dhanny Gomez
BACKGROUND: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has many uses in medicine; notable in the management of paracetamol toxicity, acute liver failure and liver surgery. The aim of this review was to critically appraise the published literature for the routine use of NAC in liver resection surgery. METHODS: An electronic search was performed of EBSCOhost (Medline and CINAHL database), PubMed and the Cochrane Library for the period 1990-2016. MeSH headings: 'acetyl-cysteine', 'liver resection' and 'hepatectomy' were used to identify all relevant articles published in English...
November 13, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128398/a-sense-oligonucleotide-to-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-mrna-increases-the-survival-rate-of-rats-in-septic-shock
#20
Tetsuya Okuyama, Richi Nakatake, Masaki Kaibori, Tadayoshi Okumura, Masanori Kon, Mikio Nishizawa
Natural antisense transcripts (asRNAs) that do not encode proteins are transcribed from rat, mouse, and human genes, encoding inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which catalyzes the production of the inflammatory mediator nitric oxide (NO). In septic shock, NO is excessively produced in hepatocytes and macrophages. The iNOS asRNA interacts with and stabilizes iNOS mRNA. We found that single-stranded 'sense' oligonucleotides corresponding to the iNOS mRNA sequence reduced iNOS mRNA levels by interfering with the mRNA-asRNA interactions in rat hepatocytes...
November 8, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
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