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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914003/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-levels-are-linked-with-modified-child-pugh-classification-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-cirrhosis-nt-probnp-and-liver-cirrhosis
#1
Abdulbaki Kumbasar, Mehtap Navdar, Esra Ataoglu, Isil Uzunhasan, Kadir Ergen, Sule Poturoglu, Filiz Basinoglu, Fatih Yilmaz, Mustafa Yenigun, Fuat Sar, Ozgur Tanriverdi
Excess N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide secretion has been linked to cirrhosis in previously studies. The relationship of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and cardiac dysfunction determined by echocardiography were investigated in patients with nonalcoholic cirrhosis and a control group of chronic hepatitis. This study was designed as a cross-sectional study. Thirty-two men and thirty-three women who gave informed consent who were followed-up for chronic liver failure were enrolled...
December 2, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913221/role-of-the-inflammasome-in-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-and-acute-liver-failure
#2
REVIEW
Benjamin L Woolbright, Hartmut Jaeschke
Drug-induced acute liver failure carries a high morbidity and mortality rate. Acetaminophen overdose is the number one cause of acute liver failure and remains a major problem in Western medicine. Administration of N-acetyl cysteine is an effective antidote when given before the initial rise in toxicity; however, many patients present to the hospital after this stage occurs. As such, treatments which can alleviate late-stage acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure are imperative. While the initial mechanisms of toxicity are well described, a debate has occurred recently in the literature over whether or not there exists a second phase of injury, mediated by inflammatory processes...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910775/hepatoprotective-effects-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-triterpenoids-from-lingzhi-or-reishi-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-lucidum-agaricomycetes-on-%C3%AE-amanitin-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#3
Huihui Wu, Shanshan Tang, Zhaoqin Huang, Qian Zhou, Ping Zhang, Zuohong Chen
Most fatal mushroom poisonings are caused by species of the genus Amanita; the amatoxins are responsible for acute liver failure and death in humans. Ganoderma lucidum is a well-known traditional medicinal mushroom that has been shown to have obvious hepatoprotective effects. This study evaluated the hepatoprotective effects of triterpenoids from G. lucidum on liver injury induced by a-amanitin (α-AMA) in mice and the mechanisms of action of these triterpenoids, including radical scavenging and antiapoptosis activities...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909278/-surgical-treatment-of-right-atrial-malignant-tumor-thrombus-under-deep-hypothermia-with-intermittent-circulatory-arrest-report-of-two-cases
#4
Akira Fujita, Toshiro Kobayashi, Hideharu Hironaka, Mitsutaka Jinbou, Naomasa Uesugi, Satoshi Saito, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Hidenori Gohra
Right atrial tumor thrombus is rare in patients with visceral malignant tumors and can cause right heart failure or sudden death. We present 2 cases of right atrial tumor thrombus treated under deep hypothermic intermittent circulatory arrest (DHICA). A 45-year-old man with right heart failure was diagnosed with right renal cancer extending to the right atrium. Computed tomography revealed no metastasis. He underwent right nephrectomy and tumor thrombus resection under DHICA. He was discharged on postoperative day 11 in good clinical course...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900388/data-driven-modeling-for-precision-medicine-in-pediatric-acute-liver-failure
#5
Ruben Zamora, Yoram Vodovotz, Qi Mi, Derek Barclay, Jinling Yin, Simon Horslen, David Rudnick, Kathleen M Loomes, Robert H Squires
Absence of early outcome biomarkers for Pediatric Acute Liver Failure (PALF) hinders medical and liver transplant decisions. We sought to define dynamic interactions among circulating inflammatory mediators to gain insights into PALF outcome sub-groups. Serum samples from 101 participants in the PALF study, collected over the first 7 days following enrollment, were assayed for 27 inflammatory mediators. Outcomes (Spontaneous survivors [S, n=61], Non-survivors [NS, n=12], and liver transplant patients [LTx, n=28]) were assessed at 21 days post-enrollment...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899459/sudden-severe-bleeding-in-a-patient-with-hemochromatosis-liver-failure-or-something-else
#6
Nicholas J Olson, Mark A Cervinski, Deborah L Ornstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899277/protective-role-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-dependent-cd39-and-cd73-in-fulminant-acute-liver-failure
#7
Eunyoung Tak, Dong-Hwan Jung, Seok-Hwan Kim, Gil-Chun Park, Dae Young Jun, Jooyoung Lee, Bo-Hyun Jung, Varvara A Kirchner, Shin Hwang, Gi-Won Song, Sung-Gyu Lee
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe life-threatening disease which usually arises in patients with-irreversible liver illnesses. Although human ectonucleotide triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1, E-NTPDase1 (CD39) and ecto-5'-nucleotidase, Ecto5'NTase (CD73) are known to protect tissues from ALF, the expression and function of CD39 and CD73 during ALF are currently not fully investigated. We tested whether CD39 and CD73 are upregulated by hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α, and improve ischemic tolerance to ALF...
November 27, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896824/patients-with-the-worst-outcomes-after-paracetamol-acetaminophen-induced-liver-failure-have-an-early-monocytopenia
#8
J K Moore, A C MacKinnon, T Y Man, J R Manning, S J Forbes, K J Simpson
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Studies have implicated the immune response, especially monocyte/macrophages as being important in dictating outcome. AIM: To investigate changes in the circulating monocytes and other immune cells serially in patients with ALF, relate these with cytokine concentrations, monocyte gene expression and patient outcome. METHODS: In a prospective case-control study in the Scottish Liver Transplant Unit, Royal Infirmary Edinburgh, 35 consecutive patients admitted with paracetamol-induced liver failure (POD-ALF), 10 patients with non-paracetamol causes of ALF and 16 controls were recruited...
November 28, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896359/management-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-2017
#9
Leona von Köckritz, Jean-François Dufour
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) represents one of the most common aetiologies of chronic liver disease and causes a major global health burden. Globally an estimated 80 million people are chronically infected, but the majority of whom is still undiagnosed. Prior to the discovery of the virus in 1989 a significant number of patients were exposed and consecutively infected with HCV via contaminated transfusions, as it is a blood-borne disease. Chronic HCV infection pursues a progressive course that ultimately results in the development of cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), if left untreated...
November 29, 2016: Hämostaseologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895414/hepatic-encephalopathy-ever-closer-to-its-big-bang
#10
EDITORIAL
Pablo A Souto, Ariel R Marcotegui, Lisandro Orbea, Juan Skerl, Juan Carlos Perazzo
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that commonly complicates the course of patients with liver disease. Despite the fact that the syndrome was probably first recognized hundreds of years ago, the exact pathogenesis still remains unclear. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the earliest form of HE and is estimated to affect more that 75% of patients with liver cirrhosis. It is characterized by cognitive impairment predominantly attention, reactiveness and integrative function with very subtle clinical manifestations...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895407/assessment-of-scoring-systems-for-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-at-predicting-short-term-mortality-in-patients-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#11
Hee Yeon Kim, Chang Wook Kim, Tae Yeob Kim, Do Seon Song, Dong Hyun Sinn, Eileen L Yoon, Young Kul Jung, Ki Tae Suk, Sang Soo Lee, Chang Hyeong Lee, Tae Hun Kim, Jeong Han Kim, Hyung Joon Yim, Sung Eun Kim, Soon Koo Baik, Byung Seok Lee, Jae Young Jang, Young Seok Kim, Sang Gyune Kim, Jin Mo Yang, Joo Hyun Sohn, Heon Ju Lee, Seung Ha Park, Eun Hee Choi, Dong Joon Kim
AIM: To assess the performance of proposed scores specific for acute-on-chronic liver failure in predicting short-term mortality among patients with alcoholic hepatitis. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 264 patients with clinically diagnosed alcoholic hepatitis from January to December 2013 at 21 academic hospitals in Korea. The performance for predicting short-term mortality was calculated for Chronic Liver Failure-Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (CLIF-SOFA), CLIF Consortium Organ Failure score (CLIF-C OFs), Maddrey's discriminant function (DF), age, bilirubin, international normalized ratio and creatinine score (ABIC), Glasgow Alcoholic Hepatitis Score (GAHS), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), and MELD-Na...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894918/laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-and-oxygen-to-see-for-assessing-microcirculatory-liver-blood-flow-changes-following-different-volumes-of-hepatectomy
#12
Chong Hui Li, Xin Lan Ge, Ke Pan, Peng Fei Wang, Yi Nan Su, Ai Qun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Portal hyperperfusion after extended hepatectomy or small-for-size liver transplantation may induce organ dysfunction and failure. This study was designed to monitor and characterize the hepatic microcirculatory perfusion following different volumes of hepatectomy in rats by using laser speckle contrast image (LSCI) and Oxygen to See (O2C), a spectrometric device. METHODS: The microcirculatory liver blood flow of the rats that underwent 68%, 85% and 90% hepatectomy (68PH, 85PH and 90PH) was monitored with LSCI and O2C before and following the hepatectomy...
November 25, 2016: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894795/histological-parameters-and-alcohol-abstinence-determine-long-term-prognosis-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-disease
#13
Carolin Lackner, Walter Spindelboeck, Johannes Haybaeck, Philipp Douschan, Florian Rainer, Luigi Terracciano, Josef Haas, Andrea Berghold, Ramon Bataller, Rudolf E Stauber
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few data exist on predictors of long-term prognosis in patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Most studies have only assessed short-term prognosis in patients with advanced ALD. We aimed to assess the prognostic impact of clinical, biochemical and histological parameters on long-term prognosis in patients with early/compensated and decompensated ALD. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n=192) with biopsy-proven liver disease due to alcohol abuse were analyzed retrospectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893685/acute-liver-failure-caused-by-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-adults-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Shide Lin, Ying Li, Jun Long, Qichuan Liu, Fangwan Yang, Yihuai He
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare condition that can be caused by a primary or acquired disorder of uncontrolled immune response. Liver injury is a common complication of HLH; however, HLH presenting as acute liver failure (ALF) has rarely been reported in adults. CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with nausea and fatigue persisting for 2 weeks and jaundice for 1 week. He had hyperthermia at the onset of disease...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890791/fecal-microbiota-manipulation-prevents-dysbiosis-and-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#15
Gladys Ferrere, Laura Wrzosek, Frédéric Cailleux, Williams Turpin, Virginie Puchois, Madeleine Spatz, Dragos Ciocan, Dominique Rainteau, Lydie Humbert, Cindy Hugot, Françoise Gaudin, Marie-Louise Noordine, Véronique Robert, Dominique Berrebi, Muriel Thomas, Sylvie Naveau, Gabriel Perlemuter, Anne-Marie Cassard
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a leading cause of liver failure and mortality. In humans, severe alcoholic hepatitis is associated with key changes of intestinal microbiota (IM), which influences individual sensitivity to develop advanced ALD. We used the different susceptibility to ALD observed in two distinct animal facilities to test the efficiency of two complementary strategies (fecal microbiota transplantation and prebiotic treatment) to reverse dysbiosis and prevent ALD...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890535/partial-hepatectomy-hemodynamics-changes-experimental-data-explained-by-closed-loop-lumped-modeling
#16
Chloe Audebert, Mohamed Bekheit, Petru Bucur, Eric Vibert, Irene E Vignon-Clementel
The liver function may be degraded after partial liver ablation surgery. Adverse liver hemodynamics have been shown to be associated to liver failure. The link between these hemodynamics changes and ablation size is however poorly understood. This article proposes to explain with a closed-loop lumped model the hemodynamics changes observed during twelve surgeries in pigs. The portal venous tree is modeled with a pressure-dependent variable resistor. The variables measured, before liver ablation, are used to tune the model parameters...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885576/asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-hepatic-encephalopathy-cause-effect-or-association
#17
Anna Czarnecka, Krzysztof Milewski, Magdalena Zielińska
The methylated derivative of L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is synthesized in different mammalian tissues including the brain. ADMA acts as an endogenous, nonselective, competitive inhibitor of all three isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and may limit L-arginine supply from the plasma to the enzyme via reducing its transport by cationic amino acid transporters. Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a relatively frequently diagnosed complex neuropsychiatric syndrome associated with acute or chronic liver failure, characterized by symptoms linked with impaired brain function leading to neurological disabilities...
November 25, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884088/physiopathology-clinical-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hyponatremia
#18
Fabrice Gankam Kengne
Hyponatremia is the commonest electrolyte disorder encountered in clinical practice. It develops when the mechanisms regulating water and electrolyte handling are impaired, which in many instances occur in the setting of concurrent diseases such as heart failure, liver failure, renal failure etc… Hyponatremia as an electrolyte disorder has several specificities: when profound it can be quickly fatal and when moderate it carries a high risk of mortality and morbidity, but at the same time incorrect treatment of profound hyponatremia can lead to debilitating neurological disease and it remains unclear if treatment of moderate hyponatremia is associated with a decrease in mortality and morbidity...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883411/acute-liver-failure-during-treatment-of-interferon-alpha-2a-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-coinfection-of-parvovirus-b19
#19
Barbara Sobala-Szczygieł, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska, Lucjan Kępa, Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Damian Piotrowski, Wojciech Stolarz
Parvovirus B19 infection is associated with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations among which some are well known but others remain controversial. The role of this infection as a cause of acute hepatitis or exacerbation of chronic liver disease requires discussion regarding its significance in a strategy of prevention and treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis. Clinical importance of this infection in patients with chronic hepatitis B treated with pegylated interferon alpha 2a is still unclear but exactly in this population significant complications during treatment may arise...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883410/acute-liver-failure-during-treatment-of-interferon-alpha-2a-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-coinfection-of-parvovirus-b19
#20
Barbara Sobala-Szczygieł, Anna Boroń-Kaczmarska, Lucjan Kępa, Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Damian Piotrowski, Wojciech Stolarz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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