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Pediatric orthopaedic trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165797/strategies-of-enhancing-bone-regenerate-formation-in-distraction-osteogenesis
#1
Mohammad Mesfer Alzahrani, Emad Anam, Saad M AlQahtani, Asim M Makhdom, Reggie C Hamdy
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a commonly used technique in multiple orthopaedic specialties, including trauma, oncology and pediatrics. This technique aims to produce new bone formation in the distraction gap in a controlled manner. The issue with this technique has been the high risk of complications, one of which is poor regenerate formation during the distraction process. Although several factors (including patient and operative factors) and techniques (including surgical, mechanical and pharmacological) have been described to ensure successful regenerate formation during the process of DO, these factors are sometimes difficult to control clinically...
February 6, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106673/outcomes-of-pediatric-fractures-managed-with-closed-reduction-by-orthopaedic-residents-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Vivek Natarajan, Ermias Abebe, James Dunlap, Patrick Bosch, Ozgur Dede, W Timothy Ward, James Roach
BACKGROUND: Closed reduction of pediatric fractures is commonly performed by orthopaedic residents using conscious sedation in the emergency department (ED). The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of satisfactory reductions as performed by residents, and to determine the outcomes of these procedures. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all fractures that underwent closed reduction under conscious sedation in the ED of a level 1 pediatric trauma center between January 1, 2010 and November 30, 2014...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060232/a-dedicated-orthopaedic-trauma-operating-room-improves-efficiency-at-a-pediatric-center
#3
Christopher M Brusalis, Apurva S Shah, Xianqun Luan, Meaghan K Lutts, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: Dedicated orthopaedic trauma operating rooms have improved operating room efficiency, physician schedules, and patient outcomes in adult populations. The purpose of this study was to determine if a dedicated orthopaedic trauma operating room was associated with improved patient flow and cost savings at a level-I pediatric trauma center. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for two 3-year intervals before and after implementation of a weekday, unbooked operating room reserved for orthopaedic trauma cases...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027145/chance-fractures-in-the-pediatric-population-are-often-misdiagnosed
#4
Lindsay M Andras, Kira F Skaggs, Haleh Badkoobehi, Paul D Choi, David L Skaggs
BACKGROUND: Flexion injuries of the spine range from mild compression fractures to severe flexion-distraction injuries, that is, Chance fractures. Chance fractures are often unstable and Arkader and colleagues demonstrated improved outcomes when Chance fractures are treated operatively compared with those managed nonoperatively. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients treated over a 5-year period (2008 to 2013) for a flexion injury, either a Chance or a compression fracture, of the thoracolumbar spine at our tertiary pediatric level I trauma center...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977498/evaluation-of-pediatric-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination-an-update
#5
Robert F Murphy, Leah Nunez, William R Barfield, James F Mooney
BACKGROUND: Pediatric orthopaedics is tested frequently on the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE). The most recent data on the pediatrics section of the OITE were generated from content 10 years old. The purpose of this study is to assess the pediatric orthopaedic questions on the 2011 to 2014 OITE, and to compare question categories and cognitive taxonomy with previous data. METHODS: Four years (2011 to 2014) of OITE questions, answers, and references were reviewed...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709870/avoiding-errors-in-the-management-of-pediatric-polytrauma-patients
#6
Kenneth Chin, Joshua M Abzug, Donald S Bae, Bernard D Horn, Martin Herman, Craig P Eberson
Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Errors of pediatric polytrauma care are included in two broad categories: missed injuries and inadequate fracture treatment...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636910/pediatric-injuries-at-an-annual-motocross-competition-rates-and-severity
#7
Brendan A Williams, James P McFadden, Tyler L Teurlings, Laurel C Blakemore
PURPOSE: Pediatric motocross injuries occur frequently and with significant associated morbidity; however, data are limited regarding injury occurring during competition. North Central Florida hosts an annual motocross competition with numerous pediatric competitors. We sought to evaluate the rate and severity of injuries sustained at this event over a multiyear period. Our primary hypothesis was that motocross injury rates and severity in competition exceed that of other competitive sports in this age group...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456509/management-of-pediatric-trauma
#8
(no author information available yet)
Injury is still the number 1 killer of children ages 1 to 18 years in the United States (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/children.htm). Children who sustain injuries with resulting disabilities incur significant costs not only for their health care but also for productivity lost to the economy. The families of children who survive childhood injury with disability face years of emotional and financial hardship, along with a significant societal burden. The entire process of managing childhood injury is enormously complex and varies by region...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451290/pediatric-pelvic-ring-injuries-how-benign-are-they
#9
Christiane G Kruppa, Justin D Khoriaty, Debra L Sietsema, Marcel Dudda, Thomas A Schildhauer, Clifford B Jones
INTRODUCTION: With an incidence of less than 0.2% of all pediatric fractures, pelvic ring injuries are rare. Historically they were conservatively treated, but because malunion and long-term morbidity are associated with unstable injuries, a trend towards operative treatment can be observed. The purpose was to determine clinical and radiographic outcomes following these complex pediatric pelvic ring injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This Level IV retrospective analysis was completed at a private orthopaedic practice in association with a Level One teaching trauma center...
October 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442216/pediatric-orthopaedic-trauma-and-associated-injuries-of-snowmobile-atv-and-dirtbike-accidents-a-19-year-experience-at-a-level-1-pediatric-trauma-center
#10
Steven F Shannon, Nicholas M Hernandez, Stephen A Sems, Annalise N Larson, Todd A Milbrandt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the type and severity of orthopaedic and associated injuries for snowmobile, All-terrain vehicles (ATV) and motorized dirtbike accidents in a pediatric patient population. METHODS: A total of 758 patients who presented following either snowmobile (n=87), ATV-related (n=308) or dirtbike (n=363)-related trauma at our institution between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 441 axial and appendicular fractures occurred requiring 533 procedures...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442214/secondary-ossification-center-appearance-and-closure-in-the-pelvis-and-proximal-femur
#11
Kevin C Parvaresh, Vidyadhar V Upasani, James D Bomar, Andrew T Pennock
INTRODUCTION: Variable ossification patterns of the pelvis in skeletally immature patients can make the interpretation of pelvic radiographs challenging. Inconsistencies among prior studies and lack of sex comparisons underscore the need for a more comprehensive characterization of the secondary ossification centers. This study evaluates the chronology and sex differences for appearance and closure of pelvic and proximal femoral secondary ossification centers using computed tomography (CT)...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276634/pediatric-tibial-osteomyelitis
#12
Brad Stone, Matthew Street, Warren Leigh, Haemish Crawford
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis shows a strong predilection for the tibia in the pediatric population and is a significant source of complications. The purpose of this article is to retrospectively review a large series of pediatric patients with tibial osteomyelitis. We compare our experience with that in the literature to determine any factors that may aid diagnosis and/or improve treatment outcomes. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective review was performed of clinical records of all cases of pediatric tibial osteomyelitis managed at the 2 children's orthopaedic departments in the Auckland region...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261962/treatment-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-pelvic-ring-injuries-with-percutaneous-screw-placement
#13
John A Scolaro, Reza Firoozabadi, Milton L Chip Routt
BACKGROUND: Pediatric and adolescent pelvic ring injuries are frequently treated without surgery. In patients with unstable injuries to the pelvic ring, surgical stabilization aids in resuscitation, provides pain relief, and allows for mobilization. Percutaneous pelvic screw fixation is commonly performed in adult patients for unstable pelvic ring injuries, but a paucity of literature exists regarding their use in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study is to review the use, outcome, and management of percutaneous posterior pelvic screws in pediatric patients with unstable pelvic ring injuries...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111072/closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-fixation-of-calcaneal-fractures-in-children
#14
Yongzeng Feng, Yang Yu, Xiaolong Shui, Xiaozhou Ying, Leyi Cai, Jianjun Hong
Open reduction and internal fixation has been widely used to treat displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures in children. However, the complications of surgical trauma and the wound created through the extended lateral approach cannot be ignored. This study analyzed the outcomes of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in children treated with closed reduction and percutaneous fixation. Medical records of pediatric patients who had displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures and underwent closed reduction and percutaneous fixation at the study institution between January 2008 and January 2013 were reviewed...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049202/avoiding-errors-in-the-management-of-pediatric-polytrauma-patients
#15
Kenneth Chin, Joshua Abzug, Donald S Bae, Bernard D Horn, Martin Herman, Craig P Eberson
Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Errors of pediatric polytrauma care are included in two broad categories: missed injuries and inadequate fracture treatment...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925852/an-assessment-of-the-chilean-national-examination-of-orthopaedic-surgery
#16
Julio Urrutia, Mario Orrego, Ana C Wright, Diego Amenabar
BACKGROUND: The Chilean National Examination of Orthopaedic Surgery (EMNOT) has been administered since 2009. It was developed to determine whether individual residents are meeting minimal knowledge standards at the end of their training programs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective evaluation of the EMNOT for all years it has been administered (2009-2015). The test was analyzed for content, taxonomy of questions asked (1: direct recall; 2: diagnosis; 3: evaluation/decision-making), residents' performance, difficulty index and discrimination index...
March 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26842413/a-patient-follow-up-program-for-short-term-surgical-mission-trips-to-a-developing-country
#17
Michael T Torchia, Lisa K Schroder, Brian W Hill, Peter A Cole
BACKGROUND: We describe a follow-up program for patients undergoing surgical procedures with documented results from short-term surgical mission trips to the developing world. The surgical procedures were all performed at a government hospital in Pucallpa, Peru, a remote city in the Amazon. METHODS: Between July 2007 and January 2012, ten surgical mission trips were completed with a mean time of six days on location and a mean number of 2.3 surgeons (range, two to five surgeons) per trip...
February 3, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806975/publication-trend-in-the-indian-journal-of-orthopaedics-what-is-published-and-why
#18
Rishiram Poudel, Venkatesan Sampath Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Shah Alam Khan
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing publication of manuscripts in reputed journals have never been studied to the best of our knowledge. This study was conducted to evaluate the trend in publication within the Indian Journal of Orthopaedics (IJO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by accessing the online database of the IJO. All the issues available online were included. Published articles were classified into one of the following thirteen categories: (i) Basic Sciences (ii) trauma (upper limb and lower limb) (iii) infections (iv) pediatric orthopedics (v) arthroplasty (vi) arthroscopy (vii) spine surgery (viii) musculoskeletal oncology (ix) hand and microvascular surgery (x) adult reconstruction (including the Ilizarov technique) (xi) general orthopedics and miscellaneous (xii) letter to editor (xiii) book review...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792105/utilization-of-orthopaedic-trauma-surgical-time-an-evaluation-of-three-different-models-at-a-level-i-pediatric-trauma-center
#19
Allan C Beebe, Lindsay Arnott, Jan E Klamar, John R Kean, Kevin E Klingele, Walter P Samora
OBJECTIVE: Over the past decade, our institution has instituted three different scheduling models in an attempt to care for pediatric trauma at our Level I Trauma Center. This has been in response to a number of factors, including a limited number of physicians covering the call schedule, increasing competition for operating room (OR) time after hours (pediatric surgery, urology, neurosurgery), an attempt to fully utilize OR time during the daytime, fully staffed hours, and optimizing patients' timeliness to surgery...
November 2015: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26756986/the-impact-of-child-safety-restraint-status-and-age-in-motor-vehicle-collisions-in-predicting-type-and-severity-of-bone-fractures-and-traumatic-injuries
#20
Christopher M Loftis, Jeffrey R Sawyer, James W Eubanks, Derek M Kelly
BACKGROUND: Although morbidity and mortality in children increases in motor vehicle collisions (MVC) if child restraints are not used, no data exist correlating specific injuries with proper or improper use of safety restraints or age. The purpose of this study was to evaluate correlations between childhood MVC injuries, age, and restraint status. METHODS: A medical record search for pediatric patients involved in a MVC was conducted at a pediatric hospital (level 1 trauma)...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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