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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131774/imaging-of-juvenile-hip-conditions-predisposing-to-premature-osteoarthritis-pediatric-imaging
#1
Carl Kraus, Rama S Ayyala, Jonathan K Kazam, Tony T Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056201/pediatric-hip-pain-a-case-study
#2
Katryn Remler
Hip pain in children can present a diagnostic challenge for the pediatric primary care provider. This case study examines an otherwise healthy 3-year-old girl with unilateral hip pain and intermittent refusal to bear weight on the affected side. Through history and physical examination, the provider was able to appropriately diagnose transient synovitis. This case study will summarize the care for hip pain in a child, including potential causes, a focused history and physical examination, appropriate diagnostic testing, and recommendations for home care and follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051879/the-destructive-power-of-circumstance-on-concurrent-poliomyelitis-and-osteomyelitis
#3
Delran Anandkumar, Ananthakrishnan Raghupathi, Ragai Gadelrab
INTRODUCTION: The current method in dealing with pediatric hip pathologies is to avoid joint replacement unless absolutely necessary. This decision is typically made on a scientific basis. However, this is not necessarily the correct approach in all cases as demonstrated in the following case report where social issues is an extremely important variable to be considered when deciding on surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: This case report is the first of its kind to highlight the pathology mentioned and the social determinants that were a causative agent in its development...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050043/-malpractice-claims-against-pediatricians-analysis-of-expert-testimonies-from-the-medical-service-of-health-insurance-companies-between-2000-and-2014
#4
Heiko Steinhauer, Joachim Holzschuh, Thomas Böhler
Background In Germany, few data are available on medical malpractice claims against pediatricians. On behalf of Statutory Health Insurance Companies their Medical Service (MDK) regularly offers expert testimony in case of allegations during pediatric treatment. Methods Analysis of 374 written pediatric testimonies, documented between September 1st, 2000 and August 31st, 2014. Results 193 allegations against pediatricians were analysed separately for each sector of care (35% concerning outpatients, 28% normal inpatients, and 37% patients treated in an intensive care unit, ICU)...
November 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044202/the-effects-of-exoskeleton-assisted-knee-extension-on-lower-extremity-gait-kinematics-kinetics-and-muscle-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Zachary F Lerner, Diane L Damiano, Thomas C Bulea
Individuals with cerebral palsy often exhibit crouch gait, a debilitating and inefficient walking pattern marked by excessive knee flexion that worsens with age. To address the need for improved treatment, we sought to evaluate if providing external knee extension assistance could reduce the excessive burden placed on the knee extensor muscles as measured by knee moments. We evaluated a novel pediatric exoskeleton designed to provide appropriately-timed extensor torque to the knee joint during walking in a multi-week exploratory clinical study...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040235/acetabular-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-comparison-of-isolated-acetabular-fractures-and-acetabular-fractures-associated-with-pelvic-ring-injuries
#6
Christiane G Kruppa, Debra L Sietsema, Justin D Khoriaty, Marcel Dudda, Thomas A Schildhauer, Clifford B Jones
OBJECTIVES: To compare mechanism of injury, fracture pattern, displacement, clinical and radiographic outcome of isolated acetabular fractures (Group 1) versus acetabular fractures associated with a pelvic ring injury (Group 2). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort comparative analysis. SETTING: Private orthopaedic practice associated with a level one teaching trauma center. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Mechanism of injury, fracture pattern, displacement and treatment, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), leg length discrepancy (LLD) and hip dysplasia...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030933/technical-success-of-the-ultrasound-guided-supra-inguinal-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-in-older-children-and-adolescents-for-hip-arthroscopy
#7
Elizabeth Eastburn, Maria A Hernandez, Karen Boretsky
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopic surgery is performed on older pediatric patients. Fascia iliaca compartment block has proven efficacy in providing analgesia following hip surgery and can be performed with target location of local anesthetic below or above the inguinal ligament. The reported success of ultrasound-guided infra-inguinal fascia iliaca compartment block is lower when compared to traditional landmark technique, while the reliability of supra-inguinal fascia iliaca compartment block is unreported...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028076/intestinal-probiotics-in-relieving-clinical-symptoms-of-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-potential-mechanism-analysis
#8
F Zhu, Z Jiang, H-W Li
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective cohort study, the efficacy and action mechanism of an intestinal probiotic formulation, Golden Bifid, in severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) were determined in 63 consecutively admitted patients successfully treated in the Pediatrics Emergency Department of our hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients had a persistent fever; 43 patients had rashes on hands, feet, crissum, and hips; and 45 patients had neurological signs and symptoms...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025186/update-on-pediatric-hip-imaging
#9
Nele Herregods, Filip M Vanhoenacker, Jacob L Jaremko, Lennart Jans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924357/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-do-the-responsible-for-screening-know-what-to-do
#10
Bruno Gonçalves Schröder E Souza, Tiago Evangelista de Melo, Thiago Mattos Resende, Rafaela Clara Resende da Silva, Soraya Amanda Cruz, Valdeci Manoel de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge on developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by professionals involved in its diagnosis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to assess the knowledge about DDH. Orthopedic surgeons and pediatricians, residents and medical students from a tertiary teaching hospital were included in the study. RESULTS: We evaluated 142 medical students, eight orthopedic residents, ten pediatric residents, seven pediatricians, and nine orthopedic surgeons; 50% declared not having examined any DDH case in the last year and only three had diagnosed more than 10 cases during their career...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914727/summer-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-for-young-children-who-are-overweight-results-from-a-nonrandomized-pilot-trial
#11
Paulo A Graziano, Alexis Garcia, Crystal S Lim
OBJECTIVE: To examine initial outcomes of an 8-week Healthy-Lifestyle Intervention Program (HIP) which included children's participation in a daily summer camp along with parents' participation in a parenting program focused on overweight/obesity. METHODS: Using a nonrandomized pilot trial design, 16 children (M child age = 6.42 yr; 81% male; 100% Latino) classified as overweight/obese and their mothers completed 3 assessments (baseline, posttreatment, and 6-8 mo follow-up)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877095/hip-surveillance-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-survey-of-the-posna-membership
#12
Benjamin J Shore, Michael W Shrader, Unni Narayanan, Freeman Miller, H Kerr Graham, Kishore Mulpuri
BACKGROUND: Currently, hip surveillance programs for children with cerebral palsy exist in Europe, Australasia, and parts of Canada, but a neuromuscular hip surveillance program has yet to be adopted in the United States. The purpose of this study was to report the current orthopaedic practice of hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy, identify areas of practice variation, and suggest steps moving forward to generate guidelines for national neuromuscular hip surveillance. METHODS: The entire membership of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) was surveyed in 2016 for information regarding their practice for hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864264/a-self-reported-needs-assessment-survey-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-education-in-haiti
#13
Rameez A Qudsi, Heather J Roberts, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Elena Losina, Donald S Bae, Francel Alexis, George S Dyer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of musculoskeletal disease remains high in low-income countries, with a high rate of pediatric disease. Efforts continue for orthopedic education, but there is little guidance on local needs and desires. Our aim was to determine the specific content and modalities that would be most useful for pediatric orthopedic educational programs abroad, and we demonstrate a practical method of identifying country-specific educational deficits through a self-reported needs survey in Haiti...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852351/rapid-prototyping-3d-model-in-treatment-of-pediatric-hip-dysplasia-a-case-report
#14
Andrew M Holt, Zbigniew Starosolski, J Herman Kan, Scott B Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Rapid prototyping is an emerging technology that integrates common medical imaging with specialized production mechanisms to create detailed anatomic replicas. 3D-printed models of musculoskeletal anatomy have already proven useful in orthopedics and their applications continue to expand. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the case of a 10 year-old female with Down syndrome and left acetabular dysplasia and chronic hip instability who underwent periacetabular osteotomy...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840149/bony-morphology-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-young-female-dancers-and-single-sport-athletes
#15
Joana L Fraser, Dai Sugimoto, Yi-Men Beng, Pierre D'Hemecourt, Andrea Stracciolini
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a painful and limiting condition of the hip that is often seen in young athletes. Previous studies have reported a higher prevalence of this disorder in male athletes, but data on the structural morphology of adolescent and young adult female athletes, specifically those involved in dance, are lacking. PURPOSE: (1) To investigate the radiographic morphology of FAI deformities in adolescent and young adult female single-sport dance and nondance athletes and (2) to examine the differences in the radiographic findings between these 2 groups...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813841/design-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-multi-robotic-system-with-pelvic-and-hip-assistance-for-pediatric-gait-rehabilitation
#16
Evelyn J Park, Jiyeon Kang, Hao Su, Paul Stegall, Daniel L Miranda, Wen-Hao Hsu, Mustafa Karabas, Nathan Phipps, Sunil K Agrawal, Eugene C Goldfield, Conor J Walsh
This paper presents a modular, computationally-distributed "multi-robot" cyberphysical system designed to assist children with developmental delays in learning to walk. The system consists of two modules, each assisting a different aspect of gait: a tethered cable pelvic module with up to 6 degrees of freedom (DOF), which can modulate the motion of the pelvis in three dimensions, and a two DOF wearable hip module assisting lower limb motion, specifically hip flexion. Both modules are designed to be lightweight and minimally restrictive to the user, and the modules can operate independently or in cooperation with each other, allowing flexible system configuration to provide highly customized and adaptable assistance...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#17
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777285/3d-modeling-of-lower-extremities-with-biplanar-radiographs-reliability-of-measures-on-subsequent-examinations
#18
David E Westberry, Ashley M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Biplanar radiography with 3-dimensional (3D) modeling (EOS) provides a comprehensive assessment of lower limb alignment in an upright weight-bearing position with less radiation than conventional radiography. A study was performed to assess the consistency and reliability of 2 lower extremity 3D biplanar radiograph models created at least 1 year apart in a pediatric population. METHODS: All patients who had 2 lower extremity radiographic evaluations with EOS performed at visits a minimum of 1 year apart were reviewed...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776381/insulin-resistance-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-are-related-to-the-severity-of-steatosis-in-the-pediatric-population-with-obesity
#19
Esther Ubiña-Aznar, Leopoldo Tapia-Ceballos, José Miguel Rosales-Zabal, Rocío Porcel-Chacón, Francisco Poveda-Gómez, Carmen Lozano-Calero, Carmen Ortiz-Cuevas, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, Andrés Sánchez Cantos, José María Navarro Jarabo
BACKGROUND: To determine the factors associated with an increased risk for severe steatosis (SS) and establish the Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) as a screening tool. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in obese children to assess the relationship between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and glucose metabolism alterations (GMA) and the risk for severe steatosis. RESULTS: A total of 94 children (51 males) aged from six to 14 years were included...
November 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765997/changes-in-femoral-head-size-and-growth-rate-in-young-children-with-severe-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#20
Matthew R Wanner, Randall T Loder, S Gregory Jennings, Fangqian Ouyang, Boaz Karmazyn
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is known to result in smaller femoral head size in toddlers; however, alterations in femoral head size and growth have not been documented in infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine with ultrasound (US) whether femoral head size and growth are altered in infants (younger than 1 year of age) with severe DDH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified all patients at our tertiary care children's hospital from 2002 to 2014 who underwent US for DDH...
December 2017: Pediatric Radiology
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