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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725363/overexpression-of-csk-binding-protein-phosphoprotein-associated-with-glycosphingolipid-enriched-microdomains-induces-cluster-of-differentiation-59-mediated-apoptosis-in-jurkat-cells
#1
Bei-Bei Cong, Mei-Hua Gao, Bing Li, Bing Wang, Bei Zhang, Li-Na Wang, Shu-Chao Zhang, Hua-Qiao Li, Zhong Wang, Shu-Yi Han
Csk-binding protein/phosphoprotein associated with glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains (CBP/PAG) is a membrane-bound adaptor protein that downregulates the activation of Src family kinases present in lipid rafts. To elucidate the role of CBP/PAG in human T cell activation, a cell line overexpressing CBP/PAG was constructed and the function of CBP/PAG in Jurkat cells was examined. The present study revealed that increased CBP/PAG expression in T cells significantly enhanced their apoptosis and reduced cellular activation and proliferation...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681901/putting-on-the-brakes-regulatory-kinases-and-phosphatases-maintaining-b-cell-anergy
#2
REVIEW
S Elizabeth Franks, John C Cambier
B cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling is a tightly regulated process governed by both positive and negative mediators/regulators to ensure appropriate responses to exogenous and autologous antigens. Upon naïve B cell recognition of antigen CD79 [the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-containing signaling subunit of the BCR] is phosphorylated and recruits Src and Syk family kinases that then phosphorylate proximal intermediaries linked to downstream activating signaling circuitry. This plasma membrane localized signalosome activates PI3K leading to generation of PIP3 critical for membrane localization and activation of plecktrin homology domain-containing effectors...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601097/ptraps-transmembrane-adaptors-in-innate-immune-signaling
#3
James E B Curson, Lin Luo, Matthew J Sweet, Jennifer L Stow
Transmembrane adaptor proteins (TRAPs) are protein scaffolds and signaling regulators with established roles in signal-induced activation of lymphocytes. A subset of the TRAP family, the palmitoylated TRAPs (pTRAPs), are increasingly emerging with additional roles in innate immune cells. Targeted to lipid rafts, tetraspannin-enriched microdomains, and protein microclusters in membranes, pTRAP scaffolds exert spatiotemporal regulation by recruiting signaling kinases, particularly Src and Syk family members, as well as Csk, and other effectors...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599515/src-signaling-in-a-low-complexity-unicellular-kinome
#4
Hiroshi Suga, W Todd Miller
Creolimax fragrantissima is a member of the ichthyosporean clade, the earliest branching holozoan lineage. The kinome of Creolimax is markedly reduced as compared to those of metazoans. In particular, Creolimax possesses a single non-receptor tyrosine kinase: CfrSrc, the homolog of c-Src kinase. CfrSrc is an active tyrosine kinase, and it is expressed throughout the lifecycle of Creolimax. In animal cells, the regulatory mechanism for Src involves tyrosine phosphorylation at a C-terminal site by Csk kinase...
March 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401603/hepatitis-b-virus-core-protein-promotes-hepatocarcinogenesis-by-enhancing-src-expression-and-activating-the-src-pi3k-akt-pathway
#5
Wei Liu, Teng-Fei Guo, Zhen-Tang Jing, Zhi Yang, Lei Liu, Yuan-Ping Yang, Xu Lin, Qiao-Yun Tong
Hepatitis B virus core protein (HBc) is expressed preferentially in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBc can function as an oncogene arising from its gene regulatory properties, but how it contributes functionally to hepatocarcinogenesis remains unclear. In this study, we determined the molecular and functional roles of HBc during HBV-associated hepatocellular tumorigenesis. HBc increased tumor formation of hepatoma cells. Moreover, expression of HBc specifically promoted proliferation of hepatoma cells in vitro...
January 17, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345428/traf3-regulation-of-inhibitory-signaling-pathways-in-b-and-t-lymphocytes-by-kinase-and-phosphatase-localization
#6
REVIEW
Alicia M Wallis, Gail A Bishop
This brief review presents current understanding of how the signaling adapter protein TRAF3 can both induce and block inhibitory signaling pathways in B and T lymphocytes, via association with kinases and phosphatases, and subsequent regulation of their localization within the cell. In B lymphocytes, signaling through the interleukin 6 receptor (IL-6R) induces association of TRAF3 with IL-6R-associated JAK1, to which TRAF3 recruits the phosphatase PTPN22 (protein tyrosine phosphatase number 22) to dephosphorylate JAK1 and STAT3, inhibiting IL-6R signaling...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301754/maintenance-of-murine-platelet-homeostasis-by-the-kinase-csk-and-phosphatase-cd148
#7
Jun Mori, Zoltan Nagy, Giada Di Nunzio, Christopher W Smith, Mitchell J Geer, Rashid Al Ghaithi, Johanna P van Geffen, Silke Heising, Luke Boothman, Bibian M E Tullemans, Joao N Correia, Louise Tee, Marijke J E Kuijpers, Paul Harrison, Johan W M Heemskerk, Gavin E Jarvis, Alexander Tarakhovsky, Arthur Weiss, Alexandra Mazharian, Yotis A Senis
Src family kinases (SFKs) coordinate the initiating and propagating activation signals in platelets, but it remains unclear how they are regulated. Here, we show that ablation of C-terminal Src kinase (Csk) and receptor-like protein tyrosine-phosphatase CD148 in mice results in a dramatic increase in platelet SFK activity, demonstrating that these proteins are essential regulators of platelet reactivity. Paradoxically, Csk/CD148-deficient mice exhibit reduced in vivo and ex vivo thrombus formation and increased bleeding following injury rather than a prothrombotic phenotype...
March 8, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248956/human-c-src-kinase-csk-overexpression-makes-t-cells-dummy
#8
Else Marit Inderberg, Nadia Mensali, Morten P Oksvold, Lars-Egil Fallang, Anne Fåne, Gjertrud Skorstad, Grethe-Elisabeth Stenvik, Cinzia Progida, Oddmund Bakke, Gunnar Kvalheim, June H Myklebust, Sébastien Wälchli
Adoptive cell therapy with T-cell receptor (TCR)-engineered T cells represents a powerful method to redirect the immune system against tumours. However, although TCR recognition is restricted to a specific peptide-MHC (pMHC) complex, increasing numbers of reports have shown cross-reactivity and off-target effects with severe consequences for the patients. This demands further development of strategies to validate TCR safety prior to clinical use. We reasoned that the desired TCR signalling depends on correct pMHC recognition on the outside and a restricted clustering on the inside of the cell...
April 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167383/c-terminal-src-kinase-csk-regulates-the-tricellular-junction-protein-gliotactin-independent-of-src
#9
G D N Gayathri Samarasekera, Vanessa Jane Auld
Tricellular junctions (TCJs) are uniquely placed permeability barriers formed at the corners of polarized epithelia where tight junctions in vertebrates or septate junctions (SJ) in invertebrates from three cells converge. Gliotactin is a Drosophila TCJ protein, and loss of Gliotactin results in SJ and TCJ breakdown and permeability barrier loss. When overexpressed, Gliotactin spreads away from the TCJs, resulting in disrupted epithelial architecture, including overproliferation, cell delamination, and migration...
January 15, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079189/upregulation-of-pag1-cbp-contributes-to-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promoted-tumor-progression-and-chemoresistance-in-breast-cancer
#10
Yunshu Lu, Yipeng Yang, Yan Liu, Yajuan Hao, Yijian Zhang, Yunping Hu, Lin Jiang, Yurong Gong, Kejin Wu, Yingbin Liu
C-terminal Src kinase (Csk)-binding protein (Cbp) is a ubiquitously expressed transmembrane adaptor protein which regulating Src family kinase (SFK) activities. Although SFKs are well known for their involvement in breast cancer, the function of Cbp in breast carcinogenesis upon the adipose-tumor microenvironment has not been investigated. Here, we reported that adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) induced increased expression of Cbp accompanied by enhanced cell proliferation and chemotherapy resistance in breast cancer cell MCF-7/ADR...
December 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974561/crk-tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulates-pdgf-bb-inducible-src-activation-and-breast-tumorigenicity-and-metastasis
#11
Sushil Kumar, Bin Lu, Viralkumar Davra, Peter Hornbeck, Kazuya Machida, Raymond B Birge
The activity of Src family kinases (Src being the prototypical member) is tightly regulated by differential phosphorylation on Tyr416 (positive) and Tyr527 (negative), a duet that reciprocally regulates kinase activity. The latter negative regulation of Src on Tyr527 is mediated by C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) that phosphorylates Tyr527 and maintains Src in a clamped negative regulated state by promoting an intramolecular association. Here it is demonstrated that the SH2- and SH3-domain containing adaptor protein CrkII, by virtue of its phosphorylation on Tyr239, regulates the Csk/Src signaling axis to control Src activation...
January 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939764/early-emergence-of-negative-regulation-of-the-tyrosine-kinase-src-by-the-c-terminal-src-kinase
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Barbara Taskinen, Evandro Ferrada, Douglas M Fowler
Stringent regulation of tyrosine kinase activity is essential for normal cellular function. In humans, the tyrosine kinase Src is inhibited via phosphorylation of its C-terminal tail by another kinase, C-terminal Src kinase (Csk). Although Src and Csk orthologs are present across holozoan organisms, including animals and protists, the Csk-Src negative regulatory mechanism appears to have evolved gradually. For example, in choanoflagellates, Src and Csk are both active, but the negative regulatory mechanism is reportedly absent...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874816/protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-non-receptor-22-and-c-src-tyrosine-kinase-genes-are-down-regulated-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Sara Remuzgo-Martínez, Fernanda Genre, Santos Castañeda, Alfonso Corrales, Pablo Moreno-Fresneda, Begoña Ubilla, Verónica Mijares, Virginia Portilla, Jesús González-Vela, Trinitario Pina, Gonzalo Ocejo-Vinyals, Juan Irure-Ventura, Ricardo Blanco, Javier Martín, Javier Llorca, Raquel López-Mejías, Miguel A González-Gay
Several protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been significantly related with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility. Nevertheless, its potential influence on PTPN22 expression in RA has not been completely elucidated. Furthermore, PTPN22 binds to C-Src tyrosine kinase (CSK) forming a key complex in autoimmunity. However, the information of CSK gene in RA is scarce. In this study, we analyzed the relative PTPN22 and CSK expression in peripheral blood from 89 RA patients and 43 controls to determine if the most relevant PTPN22 (rs2488457, rs2476601 and rs33996649) and CSK (rs34933034 and rs1378942) polymorphisms may influence on PTPN22 and CSK expression in RA...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768887/phosphotyrosine-signalling-and-the-origin-of-animal-multicellularity
#14
Kai Tong, Yuyu Wang, Zhixi Su
The evolution of multicellular animals (i.e. metazoans) from a unicellular ancestor is one of the most important yet least understood evolutionary transitions. Historically, given its indispensable functions in intercellular communication and exclusive presence in metazoans, phosphotyrosine (pTyr) signalling was considered a metazoan-specific evolutionary innovation that might have contributed to the origin of metazoan multicellularity. However, recent studies have led to a new understanding of pTyr signalling evolution and its role in the metazoan origin...
August 16, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724838/csk-regulates-blood-pressure-by-controlling-the-synthetic-pathways-of-aldosterone
#15
Sung-Moon Kim, Ji-One Kang, Ji Eun Lim, Sue-Yun Hwang, Bermseok Oh
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure is regulated by a network of diverse physiological pathways. The C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) locus (15q24) is associated with blood pressure in various ethnic groups. It was recently reported thatCskinsufficiency increases blood pressure through Src. The mechanisms of hypertension inCsk+/- mice are examined further in this study.Methods and Results:To identify a causal component responsible for hypertension inCsk+/- , the heart rate was measured by electrocardiogram and plasma volume by Evans blue dilution...
December 25, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522807/traf3-enhances-tcr-signaling-by-regulating-the-inhibitors-csk-and-ptpn22
#16
Alicia M Wallis, Ellie C Wallace, Bruce S Hostager, Zuoan Yi, Jon C D Houtman, Gail A Bishop
The adaptor protein TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF) 3 is required for effective TCR signaling and normal T cell effector functions, and associates with the CD3/CD28 complex upon activation. To determine how TRAF3 promotes proximal TCR signaling, we studied TRAF3-deficient mouse and human T cells, which showed a marked reduction in activating phosphorylation of the TCR-associated kinase Lck. The impact of TRAF3 on this very early signaling event led to the hypothesis that TRAF3 restrains one or both of two known inhibitors of Lck, C-terminal Src kinase (Csk) and protein tyrosine phosphatase N22 (PTPN22)...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508421/subversion-of-host-kinases-a-key-network-in-cellular-signaling-hijacked-by-helicobacter-pylori-caga
#17
REVIEW
Nicole Tegtmeyer, Matthias Neddermann, Carmen Isabell Asche, Steffen Backert
Helicobacter pylori is a paradigm of persistent pathogens and major risk factor for developing severe diseases including adenocarcinoma in the human stomach. An important bacterial factor linked to gastric disease progression is the cag pathogenicity island-encoded type-IV secretion system (T4SS) effector protein CagA. Translocated CagA undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation at EPIYA-motifs and then activates or inactivates multiple host signaling proteins in a phosphorylation-dependent and phosphorylation-independent fashion...
August 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393242/overexpression-of-srcin1-contributes-to-the-growth-and-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer
#18
Mengnan Zhang, Feng Ma, Ruyi Xie, Yao Wu, Meiyan Wu, Pei Zhang, Ying Peng, Jinjun Zhao, Jing Xiong, Aimin Li, Cheng Kequan, Yali Zhang, Side Liu, Jide Wang, Xueqing Chen
The adaptor protein Srcin1 is a novel Src-binding protein that regulates Src activation through C-terminal Src kinase (Csk). Srcin1 behaves as a tumour suppressor in breast cancer, but the role of Srcin1 in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. In the present study, Srcin1 expression in normal tissue was examined by tissue microarray and assessed by immunohistochemistry in 10 patients. In addition, the biological impact of Srcin1 knockdown on CRC cells was investigated in vitro and in vivo...
May 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178691/p-glycoprotein-attenuates-dna-repair-activity-in-multidrug-resistant-cells-by-acting-through-the-cbp-csk-src-cascade
#19
Li-Fang Lin, Ming-Hsi Wu, Vijaya Kumar Pidugu, I-Ching Ho, Tsann-Long Su, Te-Chang Lee
Recent studies have demonstrated that P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression impairs DNA interstrand cross-linking agent-induced DNA repair efficiency in multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells. To date, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying how P-gp interferes with Src activation and subsequent DNA repair activity remain unclear. In this study, we determined that the C-terminal Src kinase-binding protein (Cbp) signaling pathway involved in the negative control of Src activation is enhanced in MDR cells. We also demonstrated that cells that ectopically express P-gp exhibit reduced activation of DNA damage response regulators, such as ATM, Chk2, Braca1 and Nbs1 and hence attenuated DNA double-strand break repair capacity and become more susceptible than vector control cells to DNA interstrand cross-linking (ICL) agents...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098256/dopamine-promotes-nmda-receptor-hypofunction-in-the-retina-through-d1-receptor-mediated-csk-activation-src-inhibition-and-decrease-of-glun2b-phosphorylation
#20
Renato Socodato, Felipe N Santiago, Camila C Portugal, Ivan Domith, Thaísa G Encarnação, Erick C Loiola, Ana L M Ventura, Marcelo Cossenza, João B Relvas, Newton G Castro, Roberto Paes-de-Carvalho
Dopamine and glutamate are critical neurotransmitters involved in light-induced synaptic activity in the retina. In brain neurons, dopamine D1 receptors (D1Rs) and the cytosolic protein tyrosine kinase Src can, independently, modulate the behavior of NMDA-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs). Here we studied the interplay between D1Rs, Src and NMDARs in retinal neurons. We reveal that dopamine-mediated D1R stimulation provoked NMDAR hypofunction in retinal neurons by attenuating NMDA-gated currents, by preventing NMDA-elicited calcium mobilization and by decreasing the phosphorylation of NMDAR subunit GluN2B...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
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