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X W Yuan, X F Huang, Z X Chen, S G Liang, W M Liao
Objective: To investigate the effect of IFNα on doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells with its molecular mechanisms to provide evidences for improving the treatment of osteosarcoma. Methods: Osteosacoma U2OS and MG63 cells were treated with IFNα and Doxorubicin, alone or in combination, for 72 h . Cytotoxicity was determined with MTT. Apoptosis was evaluated through fluorescence-activated cell sorting, Hoechst33258 staining and DNA ladder assay. The expression of p53, Bax, Bcl-2, Mdm2, p21, caspase-3 and PARP was determined with Western blot...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Pingju Ge, Fugeng Sheng, Yiguang Jin, Li Tong, Lina Du, Lei Zhang, Ning Tian, Gongjie Li
Magnetic resonance (MR) is currently used for diagnosis of osteosarcoma but not well even though contrast agents are administered. Here, we report a novel bone-targeted MR imaging contrast agent, Gd2-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate-bis(alendronate) (Gd2-DTPA-BA) for the diagnosis of osteosarcoma. It is the conjugate of a bone cell-seeking molecule (i.e., alendronate) and an MR imaging contrast agent (i.e., Gd-DTPA). Its physicochemical parameters were measured, including pKa, complex constant, and T1 relaxivity...
September 25, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Michael Rosemann, Iria Gonzalez-Vasconcellos, Tanja Domke, Virginija Kuosaite, Ralf Schneider, Markus Kremer, Jack Favor, Michaela Nathrath, Michael J Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Syndromic forms of osteosarcoma (OS) account for less than 10% of all recorded cases of this malignancy. An individual OS predisposition is also possible by the inheritance of low penetrance alleles of tumor susceptibility genes, usually without evidence of a syndromic condition. Genetic variants involved in such a non-syndromic form of tumor predisposition are difficult to identify, given the low incidence of osteosarcoma cases and the genetic heterogeneity of patients. We recently mapped a major OS susceptibility QTL to mouse chromosome 14 by comparing alpha-radiation induced osteosarcoma in mouse strains which differ in their tumor susceptibility...
2014: Molecular Cancer
Lin Wang, Paul Park, Chia-Ying Lin
Osteosarcoma is an aggressive primary bone cancer affecting primarily children and young adolescents. Development of valuable diagnostic indicators and therapeutic agents will be enhanced by the identification and characterization of genes that contribute to its aggressive behavior. Emerging evidence suggests a subpopulation of cancer stem cells within tumors that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of heterogeneous malignant tumors. The purpose of our study was to characterize the stem-like cell population in human osteosarcoma...
March 15, 2009: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Ji-Zhong Liu, Zong-Ling Ji, Yun-Yu Hu, Su-Min Chen, Bang-Fu Zhu, Tong-Tao Yang
Using the isolated total RNA from osteosacoma cell line MG63, the cDNA encoding human OPG was amplified by RT-PCR. A recombinant adenoviral vector carrying cDNA of OPG was constructed and OPG expression in mouse myoblast C2C12 cells was confirmed by Western blot and ELISA. The secreted expression of OPG protein persisted more than 6 weeks in vitro, and the growth of C2C12 cells infected by recombinant adenoviral were in good state. Osteoclasts derived from mouse bone marrow cells infected with recombinant adenoviral made less number of TRAP positive cells and resorption pits formed on dentine slices...
January 2003: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Jun Yang, Guang-Dong Shang, Yue-Qin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To establish an effective assay to access the effects of natural products on cathepsin K for screening antiosteoporosis drugs. METHODS: To obtain the purified cathepsin K, we cloned the target fragment from the mRNA of human osteosacoma cell line MG63 and demonstrated its correctness through DNA sequencing. Cathepsin K was expressed in a high amount in E. coli after IPTG induction, and was purified to near homogenetity through resolution and column purification...
September 2004: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
Ji-zhong Liu, Yun-yu Hu, Zong-ling Ji
OBJECTIVE: To construct a co-expressing vector of human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) and to determine the expression of BMP-2 and OPG in myoblast C2C12. METHODS: Using the isolated total RNA from osteosacoma cell line MG63 as a template, the cDNA encoding region of human OPG was amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCT) method and cloned into sites EcoR 1 and BamH I of mammalian expressing vector pIRES2-EGFP, and the cDNA encoding region of human BMP-2 was cloned into endonucleases site BstX I...
January 2003: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Christian Liebau, Axel W A Baltzer, Sebastian Schmidt, Christian Roesel, Christiaan Karreman, Johannes Bernd Prisack, Hans Bojar, Harry Merk
PURPOSE: In this study we evaluated the ability of inducing activation of the enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) for the development of a new adjuvant therapy of osteosarcomas. The pathway that has described in the literature states that IDO activity is elevated by IFN-gamma. This mechanism is important because the increased IDO activation induces an intracellular degradation of the essential amino acid tryptophan and thereby activates apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different well-established human osteosarcoma cell lines (MNNG/HOS, KHOS-240, HOS and MG-63) were investigated in vitro...
March 2002: Anticancer Research
H Murata, K Kusuzaki, Y Hirasawa, T Ashihara, T Abe, J Inazawa
An analysis of the chromosomal aberrations and DNA ploidy in the interphase nuclei of seven human osteosacomas was preformed by double-target fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and DNA cytofluorometry. The FISH study of the numerical aberrations in chromosomes 1 and 17 or the structural aberrations in chromosome arm 1p or 17p was carried out by using four locus specific DNA markers, with one pair consisting of 1q12 and 1p36 and the other pair consisting of the 17 cemtromere and 17p13.3. There was no significant differences in the percentage of deletions in chromosome 1 and 17 between osteosarcomas and normal tissues...
May 24, 1999: Cancer Letters
B Highman, S I Roth, D L Greenman
In a study on the long-term effects of dietary diethylstilbestrol or 17 beta-estradiol on C3H mice, estrogens induced a proliferation of osseous trabeculae and increased the incidence and hastened the development of osteofibrotic areas in the sterna. There were 6 osteosarcomas, 2 having metastases, in 1,242 mice fed dietary estrogens over 360 days, but none in 356 untreated controls. These tumors were reviewed along with 4 early sternal osteosarcomas selected from 17 osteosarcomas (only 1 in a control) found thus in two other ongoing comparable studies...
September 1981: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
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