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"Functional movement"

Danny Eizicovits, Yael Edan, Iris Tabak, Shelly Levy-Tzedek
BACKGROUND: Effective human-robot interactions in rehabilitation necessitates an understanding of how these should be tailored to the needs of the human. We report on a robotic system developed as a partner on a 3-D everyday task, using a gamified approach. OBJECTIVES: To: (1) design and test a prototype system, to be ultimately used for upper-limb rehabilitation; (2) evaluate how age affects the response to such a robotic system; and (3) identify whether the robot's physical embodiment is an important aspect in motivating users to complete a set of repetitive tasks...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Ross Armstrong, Matt Greig
OBJECTIVES: Agility is a functional requirement of many sports, challenging stability, and commonly cited as a mechanism of injury. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT) have equivocally been associated with agility performance. The aim of the current study was to establish a hierarchical ordering of FMS and mSEBT elements in predicting T-test agility performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. SETTING: University...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Do Hyun Kim, Duk-Hyun An, Won-Gyu Yoo
BACKGROUND: Trunk control ability greatly influences functional movement of the upper limbs. PURPOSE: Our primary aims were to assess trunk control ability, sway, and upper limb functions in children with cerebral palsy (CP), and to investigate the relationship between trunk control ability and upper limb function. METHODS: We included 15 children (10 boys and 5 girls) with CP. We used the Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) to evaluate trunk control ability and sway...
February 9, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Luca Cavaggioni, Athos Trecroci, Massimiliano Tosin, F Marcello Iaia, Giampietro Alberti
The aim of this retrospective case study is the longitudinal description of the physical and functional parameters of a top-level Paralympic swimmer class S9-SB8-SM9 during four swimming seasons of training, from the Paralympic games in London 2012 to the Paralympic games in Rio 2016. A 22-year-old male swimmer underwent a specific preventive dry-land training based on diaphragmatic breathing, postural alignment, and slow-velocity resistance training aimed to improve his muscle strength. He was tested by using the Functional Movement ScreenTM, photographic postural assessment and vertical jump...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Brenda K Boucher, Angela J Rich, Denise Gobert, Bret Gardner, Paul Metzner, Chris King, Michael Buse
The extent to which young females participate in school-sponsored athletics has grown significantly over the past two decades. The number of females in high school sports increased for the 25th consecutive year in 2012-2013, reaching an all-time record. Unfortunately, sports-related injury rates for female athletes have also continued to rise. A body of research exists to suggest that dysfunctional movement may be linked to increased risk of injury, and training programs designed to improve movement patterns are effective to both enhance performance and reduce the risk of injury...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Stephanie Brodie, Elodie J I Lédée, Michelle R Heupel, Russell C Babcock, Hamish A Campbell, Daniel C Gledhill, Xavier Hoenner, Charlie Huveneers, Fabrice R A Jaine, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Matthew D Taylor, Vinay Udyawer, Robert G Harcourt
Acoustic telemetry is a principle tool for observing aquatic animals, but coverage over large spatial scales remains a challenge. To resolve this, Australia has implemented the Integrated Marine Observing System's Animal Tracking Facility which comprises a continental-scale hydrophone array and coordinated data repository. This national acoustic network connects localized projects, enabling simultaneous monitoring of multiple species over scales ranging from 100 s of meters to 1000 s of kilometers. There is a need to evaluate the utility of this national network in monitoring animal movement ecology, and to identify the spatial scales that the network effectively operates over...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Addison Williams Andrews, Richard Pine
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nocturnal lower limb cramps are sudden, intensely painful, and can decrease sleep, increase anxiety, and reduce quality of life. The purpose of this case report is to describe the effectiveness of an evidence-based physical therapy intervention for a person with lower limb cramps. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 34-year-old female who presented with idiopathic bilateral lower limb foot pain and cramps. INTERVENTION: Rehabilitation addressed muscle strength, joint mobility, soft tissue extensibility, and biomechanical influences during functional movement, for a total of seven sessions over seven weeks...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Robin Orr, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope
Law-enforcement officers increasingly wear body armour for protection; wearing body armour is common practice in military populations. Law-enforcement and military occupational demands are vastly different and military-styled body armour may not be suitable for law-enforcement. This study investigated differences between selected military body armour (MBA: 6.4 kg) and law-enforcement body armour (LEBA: 2.1 kg) in impacts on postural sway, vertical jump, agility, a functional movement screen (FMS), task simulations (vehicle exit; victim recovery), and subjective measures...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Eoin Everard, Mark Lyons, Andrew J Harrison
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of injury with the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) in military recruits undergoing an intensive 16-week training block. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two entry-level male soldiers (18-25years) were tested using the FMS and LESS. The participants underwent an intensive 16-week training program with injury data recorded daily. Chi-squared statistics were used to examine associations between injury risk and (1) poor LESS scores, (2) any score of 1 on the FMS and (3) composite FMS score of ≤14...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Kaku Barkoh, Joshua W Lucas, Larry Lee, Patrick C Hsieh, Jeffrey C Wang, Kevin Rolfe
PURPOSE: To review the current understanding and data of sagittal balance and alignment considerations in paraplegic patients. METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted to identify all relevant articles relating to sagittal alignment and sagittal balance considerations in paraplegic and spinal cord injury patients. RESULTS: While there are numerous studies and publications on sagittal balance in the ambulatory patient with spinal deformity or complex spine disorders, there is paucity of the literature on "normal" sagittal balance in the paraplegic patients...
February 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama, Erik A Wikstrom
CONTEXT: Pre-participation examinations are the standard approach for assessing poor movement quality that would increase musculoskeletal injury risk. However, little is known about how core stability influences functional movement patterns. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week core stability program on functional movement patterns in collegiate athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if the core stability training program would be more effective in those with worse movement quality (i...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sandra Kurcova, Jan Bardon, Miroslav Vastik, Marketa Vecerkova, Monika Frolova, Lenka Hvizdosova, Martin Nevrly, Katerina Mensikova, Pavel Otruba, David Krahulik, Egon Kurca, Stefan Sivak, Jana Zapletalova, Petr Kanovsky
Numerous studies document significant improvement in motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS). However, little is known about the initial effects of STN-DBS on nonmotor domains.Our objective was to elucidate the initial effects of STN-DBS on non-motor and motor symptoms in PD patients in a 4-month follow-up.This open prospective study followed 24 patients with PD who underwent STN-DBS. The patients were examined using dedicated rating scales preoperatively and at 1 and 4 months following STN-DBS to determine initial changes in motor and nonmotor symptoms...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Robert C Lynall, J Troy Blackburn, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Stephen W Marshall, Prudence Plummer, Jason P Mihalik
OBJECTIVE: To compare movement reaction time and joint kinematics between recently concussed and matched control recreational athletes during 3 functional tasks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty college-aged recreational athletes comprising two groups (15 participants each): 1) Recent concussion group (median time since concussion 126 days, range 28-432 days), and 2) Age- and sex-matched control group with no recent concussions...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
K E Zeuner, R Schmidt, P Schwingenschuh
Functional (psychogenic) tremor is the most common functional movement disorder. Characteristic clinical features, so called red flags, can help to make the clinical distinction of this type from other tremor disorders. The most common features include the variability of frequency and amplitude. Clinical examination should include different types of distraction including motor or cognitive tasks or testing the influence of suggestibility on tremor amplitude, frequency or direction. Patients often report sudden onset and remissions that may last for months or even years...
January 11, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Brian J Rebolledo, Johnathan A Bernard, Brian C Werner, Andrea K Finlay, Benedict U Nwachukwu, David M Dare, Russell F Warren, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between serum vitamin D level and the prevalence of lower extremity muscle strains and core muscle injuries in elite level athletes at the National Football League (NFL) combine. METHODS: During the 2015 NFL combine, all athletes with available serum vitamin D levels were included for study. Baseline data were collected, including age, race, body mass index, position, injury history specific to lower extremity muscle strain or core muscle injury, and Functional Movement Screen scores...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
S van Veen, C S H Aarnoudse-Moens, J Oosterlaan, L van Sonderen, T R de Haan, A H van Kaam, A G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis
AIM: To explore changes in motor and cognitive outcomes in very preterm (VP; gestational age<30weeks) born children between ages five and six years, and to determine whether changes in these outcomes were associated with the use of healthcare therapies and educational provisions. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center observational cohort study. Five-year-old VP born children of a one-year-cohort of our neonatal follow-up program (N=90) were invited for re-assessments at age six...
December 21, 2017: Early Human Development
Tiago Teodoro, Anne Marthe Meppelink, Simon Little, Robert Grant, Glenn Nielsen, Antonella Macerollo, Isabel Pareés, Mark J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sensorimotor beta-frequency oscillatory power is raised during motor preparation in patients with functional movement disorders (FMD) and could therefore be a marker of abnormal "body-focused" attention. METHODS: We analyzed motor performance and beta-frequency cortical oscillations during a precued choice reaction time (RT) task with varying cue validity (50% or 95% congruence between preparation and go cues). We compared 21 patients with FMD with 13 healthy controls (HCs)...
December 22, 2017: Neurology
Peter Arlien Søborg, Lis Albrechtsen, Hans Henrik Olsen, Peter laCour
Functional movement disorders include motor dysfunctions which are not explained by relevant neurological examination. The prevalence of the disorders is relatively high (10-15%) within an ordinary neurological patient group. Untreated, prognosis for the conditions is poor, and neurological imaging has not yet provided explanatory hypotheses. Treatment studies are sparse, but a heterogenous group of studies of intense, multidisciplinary treatment programmes all point toward good and promising treatment effects...
December 11, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Bryan Dorrel, Terry Long, Scott Shaffer, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT:   The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a tool used to assess the quality of human movement. Previous FMS researchers reported a difference between the comprehensive and individual FMS test scores of injured and uninjured participants. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the accuracy of the FMS for predicting injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II athletes and to evaluate how an injury definition may affect the prognostic values. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
Iã Ferreira Miranda, Catiane Souza, Alexandre Tavares Schneider, Leandro Campos Chagas, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence in the literature about the effectiveness of the Pilates methods in the low back pain. Moreover, Pilates focus on exercises that empathizes the stability and/or mobility of the spine. Therefore, it is discussed in the literature whether higher levels of stability or mobility of the lumbar spine generates better results, both in performance and rehabilitation for low back pain. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effects of the low back mobility and stability exercises from Pilates Method on low back pain, disability and movement functionality in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain...
December 8, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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