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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448504/impaired-sense-of-agency-in-functional-movement-disorders-an-fmri-study
#1
Fatta B Nahab, Prantik Kundu, Carine Maurer, Qian Shen, Mark Hallett
The sense of agency (SA) is an established framework that refers to our ability to exert and perceive control over our own actions. Having an intact SA provides the basis for the human perception of voluntariness, while impairments in SA are hypothesized to lead to the perception of movements being involuntary that may be seen many neurological or psychiatric disorders. Individuals with functional movement disorders (FMD) experience a lack of control over their movements, yet these movements appear voluntary by physiology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445228/the-relationship-of-core-strength-and-activation-and-performance-on-three-functional-movement-screens
#2
Caleb D Johnson, Paul N Whitehead, Erin R Pletcher, Mallory S Faherty, Mita T Lovaleka, Shawn R Eagle, Karen A Keenan
Current measures of core stability utilized by clinicians and researchers suffer from several shortcomings. Three functional movement screens appear, at face-value, to be dependent on the ability to activate and control core musculature. These three screens may present a viable alternative to current measures of core stability. Thirty-nine subjects completed a deep squat, trunk stability push-up, and rotary stability screen. Scores on the three screens were summed to calculate a composite score (COMP). During the screens, muscle activity was collected to determine the length of time that the bilateral erector spinae, rectus abdominus, external oblique, and gluteus medius muscles were active...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426513/evaluation-of-the-functional-movement-screen-and-a-novel-basketball-mobility-test-as-an-injury-prediction-tool-for-collegiate-basketball-players
#3
Colin W Bond, Jason C Dorman, Tryg O Odney, Scott J Roggenbuck, Steven W Young, Thayne A Munce
Identifying injury risk and implementing preventive measures can assist in reducing injury occurrence and may ultimately improve athletic performance. Improper movement patterns often contribute to musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries. The validity of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) as an injury prediction tool for athletes remains unclear. We designed the Basketball-Specific Mobility Test (BMT) to represent the neuromuscular demands of basketball and identify deficiencies that may be indicative of greater MSK injury risk while playing this sport...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413944/the-assessment-of-motor-fatigability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Deborah Severijns, Inge Zijdewind, Ulrik Dalgas, Ilse Lamers, Caroline Lismont, Peter Feys
BACKGROUND: Persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) are often characterized by increased motor fatigability, which is a performance change on an objectively measured criterion after any type of voluntary muscle contractions. This review summarizes the existing literature to determine which protocols and outcome measures are best to detect or study motor fatigability and the underlying mechanisms in MS. METHODS: Two electronic databases, PubMed and Web of Science, were searched for relevant articles published until August 2016 with a combination of multiple sclerosis, fatigability, muscle fatigue, and motor fatigue...
May 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410805/startle-responses-in-functional-jerky-movement-disorders-are-increased-but-have-a-normal-pattern
#5
Y E M Dreissen, T Boeree, J H T M Koelman, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Exaggerated startle reactions have been frequently described in patients with functional movement disorders (FMD). Long onset latencies and inconsistent recruitment pattern are thought to be a hallmark in these patients. The auditory startle reflex has not been systematically assessed though. OBJECTIVES: Assessing the frequency and pattern of the early and late component of the auditory startle response in patients with functional jerky movement disorders...
April 6, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379922/sensor-fusion-to-infer-locations-of-standing-and-reaching-within-the-home-in-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Luca Lonini, Timothy Reissman, Jose M Ochoa, Chaithanya K Mummidisetty, Konrad Kording, Arun Jayaraman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of rehabilitation after spinal cord injury is to enable successful function in everyday life and independence at home. Clinical tests can assess whether patients are able to execute functional movements but are limited in assessing such information at home. A prototype system is developed that detects stand-to-reach activities, a movement with important functional implications, at multiple locations within a mock kitchen. DESIGN: Ten individuals with incomplete spinal cord injuries performed a sequence of standing and reaching tasks...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363737/coordinated-development-of-the-limb-musculoskeletal-system-tendon-and-muscle-patterning-and-integration-with-the-skeleton
#7
REVIEW
Alice H Huang
Functional movement and stability of the limb depends on an organized and fully integrated musculoskeletal system composed of skeleton, muscle, and tendon. Much of our current understanding of musculoskeletal development is based on studies that focused on the development and differentiation of individual tissues. Likewise, research on patterning events have been largely limited to the primary skeletal elements and the mechanisms that regulate soft tissue patterning, the development of the connections between tissues, and their interdependent development are only beginning to be elucidated...
March 28, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350716/movement-strategies-among-groups-of-chronic-ankle-instability-coper-and-control
#9
S Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Mattew K Seeley, J Ty Hopkins
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive evaluation of movement strategies during functional movement is a difficult undertaking. Because of this challenge, studied movements have been over simplified. Furthermore, evaluating movement strategies at only a discrete time point(s) provide limited insight into how movement strategies may change or adapt in chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients. This study aimed to identify abnormal movement strategies in individuals with a history of ankle sprain injury during a sports maneuver compared to healthy controls...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339335/description-of-movement-quality-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study-as-a-first-step-to-a-practical-definition
#10
Margriet J H van Dijk, Nienke T A Smorenburg, Bart Visser, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
PURPOSE: As a first step to formulate a practical definition for movement quality (MQ), this study aims to explore how Dutch allied health care professionals (AHCPs) describe MQ of daily life activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: In this qualitative cross-sectional digital survey study, Dutch AHCPs (n = 91) described MQ in open text (n = 91) and with three keywords (n = 90). After exploratory qualitative content analysis, the ICF linking rules (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) were applied to classify MQ descriptions and keywords...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338386/targeted-functional-movement-retraining-to-improve-pain-function-and-biomechanics-in-subjects-with-anterior-knee-pain-a-case-series
#11
Dominique C Leibbrandt, Quinette A Louw
CONTEXT: Anterior Knee pain (AKP) is a common condition, especially in a young active population. The clinical presentations of this condition vary considerably and therefore an individualized approach to treatment is needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of a novel targeted biomechanical intervention on subjects with AKP. DESIGN: A case series was conducted on eight participants with AKP Setting: The study was conducted at the Tygerberg motion analysis laboratory and Tygerberg physiotherapy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327115/clinically-acceptable-agreement-between-the-vimove-wireless-motion-sensor-system-and-the-vicon-motion-capture-system-when-measuring-lumbar-region-inclination-motion-in-the-sagittal-and-coronal-planes
#12
Hanne Leirbekk Mjøsund, Eleanor Boyle, Per Kjaer, Rune Mygind Mieritz, Tue Skallgård, Peter Kent
BACKGROUND: Wireless, wearable, inertial motion sensor technology introduces new possibilities for monitoring spinal motion and pain in people during their daily activities of work, rest and play. There are many types of these wireless devices currently available but the precision in measurement and the magnitude of measurement error from such devices is often unknown. This study investigated the concurrent validity of one inertial motion sensor system (ViMove) for its ability to measure lumbar inclination motion, compared with the Vicon motion capture system...
March 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319133/effects-of-sudden-walking-perturbations-on-neuromuscular-reflex-activity-and-three-dimensional-motion-of-the-trunk-in-healthy-controls-and-back-pain-symptomatic-subjects
#13
Juliane Mueller, Tilman Engel, Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
BACKGROUND: Back pain patients (BPP) show delayed muscle onset, increased co-contractions, and variability as response to quasi-static sudden trunk loading in comparison to healthy controls (H). However, it is unclear whether these results can validly be transferred to suddenly applied walking perturbations, an automated but more functional and complex movement pattern. There is an evident need to develop research-based strategies for the rehabilitation of back pain. Therefore, the investigation of differences in trunk stability between H and BPP in functional movements is of primary interest in order to define suitable intervention regimes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316875/physical-therapy-for-a-patient-with-essential-tremor-and-prolonged-deep-brain-stimulation-a-case-report
#14
Elizabeth A Ulanowski, Megan M Danzl, Kara M Sims
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence examining the role of physical therapy (PT) to address movement dysfunction for individuals with essential tremor (ET). CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old male with ET and prolonged bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) completed 14 sessions of outpatient PT that emphasized balance, functional movements, and proximal stability training with an integration of principles of body awareness training and visual motor coordination. Improvements were noted in all outcome measures...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291487/physical-screening-predictors-for-success-in-completing-air-force-phase-ii-air-liaison-officer-aptitude-assessment
#15
John Christopher McGee, Eric Wilson, Haley Barela, Sharon Blum
OBJECTIVES: Air Liaison Officer Aptitude Assessment (AAA) attrition is often associated with a lack of candidate physical preparation. The Functional Movement Screen, Tactical Fitness Assessment, and fitness metrics were collected (n = 29 candidates) to determine what physical factors could predict a candidate s success in completing AAA. METHODS: Between-group comparisons were made between candidates completing AAA versus those who did not (p < 0.05). Upper 50% thresholds were established for all variables with R(2) < 0...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265157/effects-of-the-application-of-ankle-functional-rehabilitation-exercise-on-the-ankle-joint-functional-movement-screen-and-isokinetic-muscular-function-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-sprain
#16
Sung-Bum Ju, Gi Duck Park
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of ankle functional rehabilitation exercise on ankle joint functional movement screen results and isokinetic muscular function in patients with chronic ankle sprain patients. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, 16 patients with chronic ankle sprain were randomized to an ankle functional rehabilitation exercise group (n=8) and a control group (n=8). The ankle functional rehabilitation exercise centered on a proprioceptive sense exercise program, which was applied 12 times for 2 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259462/standardization-proposal-of-soft-tissue-artefact-description-for-data-sharing-in-human-motion-measurements
#17
Andrea Cereatti, Tecla Bonci, Massoud Akbarshahi, Kamiar Aminian, Arnaud Barré, Mickael Begon, Daniel L Benoit, Caecilia Charbonnier, Fabien Dal Maso, Silvia Fantozzi, Cheng-Chung Lin, Tung-Wu Lu, Marcus G Pandy, Rita Stagni, Antonie J van den Bogert, Valentina Camomilla
Soft tissue artefact (STA) represents one of the main obstacles for obtaining accurate and reliable skeletal kinematics from motion capture. Many studies have addressed this issue, yet there is no consensus on the best available bone pose estimator and the expected errors associated with relevant results. Furthermore, results obtained by different authors are difficult to compare due to the high variability and specificity of the phenomenon and the different metrics used to represent these data. Therefore, the aim of this study was twofold: firstly, to propose standards for description of STA; and secondly, to provide illustrative STA data samples for body segments in the upper and lower extremities and for a range of motor tasks specifically, level walking, stair ascent, sit-to-stand, hip- and knee-joint functional movements, cutting motion, running, hopping, arm elevation and functional upper-limb movements...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252470/asymmetries-identified-in-sit-to-stand-task-explain-physical-function-after-hip-fracture
#18
Robert A Briggs, Jeff R Houck, Micah J Drummond, Julie M Fritz, Paul C LaStayo, Robin L Marcus
BACKGROUND: Several known demographic and functional characteristics combine to predict physical function after hip fracture. Long-term weight-bearing asymmetries, evident during functional movements after hip fracture, contribute to limited mobility and large asymmetries in muscle function are linked to a high rate of injurious falls. Although postfracture mobility is commonly measured as whole body movement, a force-plate imbedded chair can identify individual limb contributions to an important task like moving from a sitting to standing position...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229573/associations-between-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-performance-variables-in-surf-athletes
#19
Bruno A Ferreira da Silva, Filipe M Clemente, Fernando M Lourenço Martins
BACKGRAUND: Functional Movement Screen (FMS) have been used to assess the movement patterns in daily sports practice. Some associations between FMS scores and physical variables have been found in some sports. Nevertheless, no study was conducted in surf. METHODS: Eighteen surf athletes (11 male) participated in the study (18.3 ± 6.3 y; 60.0 ± 9.6 kg; 168.6 ± 8.1 cm). All participants completed anthropometrics, Knee to Wall test, Functional Movement Screen, Isometric Knee Extension, Handgrip, Squat and Countermovement Jump...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222553/dual-afferent-sensory-input-training-for-voluntary-movement-after-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Seahyun Bae, Kyung-Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Stimulation through afferent sensory input is necessary to improve voluntary functional movement in stroke patients. OBJECTIVES: Dual-afferent sensory input, which combines electromyography-triggered functional electric stimulation (ETFES) and action observation, was investigated to determine its effects on voluntary movements in stroke patients. METHODS: This study was conducted on 18 patients with left hemiplegia diagnosed between 6 and 24 months prior...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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