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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052130/cervical-spine-injuries-a-whole-body-musculoskeletal-model-for-the-analysis-of-spinal-loading
#1
Dario Cazzola, Timothy P Holsgrove, Ezio Preatoni, Harinderjit S Gill, Grant Trewartha
Cervical spine trauma from sport or traffic collisions can have devastating consequences for individuals and a high societal cost. The precise mechanisms of such injuries are still unknown as investigation is hampered by the difficulty in experimentally replicating the conditions under which these injuries occur. We harness the benefits of computer simulation to report on the creation and validation of i) a generic musculoskeletal model (MASI) for the analyses of cervical spine loading in healthy subjects, and ii) a population-specific version of the model (Rugby Model), for investigating cervical spine injury mechanisms during rugby activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033577/reliability-and-validity-of-the-protokinetics-movement-analysis-software-in-measuring-center-of-pressure-during-walking
#2
Robert C Lynall, Lisa A Zukowski, Prudence Plummer, Jason P Mihalik
Our purpose was to determine the validity and test-retest reliability of the Protokinetics Movement Analysis Software (PKMAS) in measuring center of pressure (COP) during walking as compared to a force plate gold standard. Twenty-five healthy participants (14 females, 11 males; age 20.0±1.5years) completed 2 testing sessions approximately 5days apart (mean=5.5±1.1 days). In each session, participants completed 16 total trials across a 6m walkway: 8 trials walking on a ProtoKinetics Zeno Walkway using PKMAS and 8 trials walking over 2 force plates arranged in an offset tandem pattern...
December 21, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031760/the-effect-of-specific-sling-exercises-on-the-functional-movement-screen-score-in-adolescent-volleyball-players-a-preliminary-study
#3
Paweł Linek, Edward Saulicz, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Monika Wójtowicz, Tomasz Wolny
The existing data indicate that the result of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test influences the likelihood of subsequent injury in professional athletes. Therefore, exercises increasing test scores of the FMS may be useful at various stages of sports activity. This study evaluated the effects of the NEURAC sling exercises method on the FMS test score in teenage volleyball players. The study was conducted on 15 volleyball players aged 14 years. The FMS test was performed three times interspersed with a two-month interval...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984438/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-the-functional-movement-screen-fms%C3%A2-in-predicting-non-contact-injury-rates-in-soccer-players
#4
Paul D Smith, Michael Hanlon
This study assessed if the Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) can accurately predict non-contact injury in adult soccer players when normalizing non-contact injury occurrence against match exposure levels. Senior male players (n=89) from five League of Ireland semi-professional clubs participated in the study (mean age=23.2 ± 4.4 years; mean height=179.5 ± 6.6 cm; mean body mass=77.5 ± 7.8 kg). Participants performed the FMS™ during preseason and their injury occurrence rates and match minutes were tracked throughout one season...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956920/simplified-tai-chi-program-training-versus-traditional-tai-chi-on-the-functional-movement-screening-in-older-adults
#5
Huiru Wang, Ankui Wei, Yingzhi Lu, Bo Yu, Wenhua Chen, Yang Lu, Yang Liu, Dinghai Yu, Liye Zou
Background. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the effect of two different types of Tai Chi programs on the Functional Movement Screening (FMS) in older adults. Methods. Ninety older adults (65.5 ± 4.6 years old) who met the eligibility criteria were randomized into three different groups based on a ratio of 1 : 1 : 1: a traditional Tai Chi exercise (TTC), a simplified Tai Chi exercise (TCRT), or a control group (routine activity). The FMS consisted of the deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg rise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability, which was used to measure physical function before the present study and after six months of Tai Chi interventions...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942912/distinguishing-features-of-psychogenic-functional-versus-organic-hemifacial-spasm
#6
José Fidel Baizabal-Carvallo, Joseph Jankovic
Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is one of the most common presentations in patients with cranial psychogenic (functional) movement disorders (PMD). Medical records and videos of patients with PMD and HFS were reviewed to identify those with psychogenic HFS and to compare the phenomenology of psychogenic HFS with organic HFS. We identified 18 (9.8%) patients with psychogenic HFS from a cohort of 184 patients with PMDs. There were 14 (78%) women and 4 men, with a mean age at onset of 33 ± 13.5 years. These were compared with 37 consecutive patients with organic (primary) HFS...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939089/the-resolve-trial-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Matthew K Bagg, Markus Hübscher, Martin Rabey, Benedict M Wand, Edel O'Hagan, G Lorimer Moseley, Tasha R Stanton, Chris G Maher, Stephen Goodall, Sopany Saing, Neil E O'Connell, Hannu Luomajoki, James H McAuley
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain is the leading worldwide cause of disability, and results in significant personal hardship. Most available treatments, when tested in high-quality randomised, controlled trials, achieve only modest improvements in pain, at best. Recently, treatments that target central nervous system function have been developed and tested in small studies. Combining treatments that target central nervous system function with traditional treatments directed towards functioning of the back is a promising approach that has yet to be tested in adequately powered, prospectively registered, clinical trials...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935483/predicting-sport-and-occupational-lower-extremity-injury-risk-through-movement-quality-screening-a-systematic-review
#8
Jackie L Whittaker, Nadine Booysen, Sarah de la Motte, Liz Dennett, Cara L Lewis, Dave Wilson, Carly McKay, Martin Warner, Darin Padua, Carolyn A Emery, Maria Stokes
BACKGROUND: Identification of risk factors for lower extremity (LE) injury in sport and military/first-responder occupations is required to inform injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To determine if poor movement quality is associated with LE injury in sport and military/first-responder occupations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 5 electronic databases were systematically searched. Studies selected included original data; analytic design; movement quality outcome (qualitative rating of functional compensation, asymmetry, impairment or efficiency of movement control); LE injury sustained with sport or military/first-responder occupation...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918704/comparison-of-3d-joint-angles-measured-with-the-kinect-2-0-skeletal-tracker-versus-a-marker-based-motion-capture-system
#9
Trent M Guess, Swithin Razu, Amirhossein Jahandar, Marjorie Skubic, Zhiyu Huo
The Microsoft Kinect is becoming a widely used tool for inexpensive, portable measurement of human motion with the potential to support clinical assessments of performance and function. In this study, the relative osteokinematic Cardan joint angles of the hip and knee were calculated using the Kinect 2.0 skeletal tracker. The pelvis segments of the default skeletal model were reoriented and three-dimensional joint angles were compared to a marker-based system during a drop vertical jump and a hip abduction motion...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904795/the-nine-test-screening-battery-normative-values-on-a-group-of-recreational-athletes
#10
Frida Flodström, Annette Heijne, Mark E Batt, Anna Frohm
BACKGROUND: A variety of risk factors predispose athletes to injury, such as impaired neuromuscular control, insufficient core stability, and muscular imbalances. The goal of assessing functional movement patterns is to detect imbalances and correct them with prevention strategies and thereby decrease injuries, and improve performance and quality of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to generate normative values for the 'Nine Test Screening Battery' (9TSB) in a group of recreational athletes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900187/mobility-proprioception-strength-and-fms-as-predictors-of-injury-in-professional-footballers
#11
Jonathan Yeung, Andrew Cleves, Hywell Griffiths, Len Nokes
BACKGROUND: The premise of this study was to investigate if anthropometric variables such as mobility, proprioception, strength and modified Functional Movement Screen (mFMS) could be used as primary indicators of injury risk in an English Championship division football team. This study focused on moderate injuries occurring in the lower extremities, during the 2014/2015 competitive season. METHODS: To differentiate between minor, moderate and severe injuries, this study classified moderate injuries as an injury with an average injury severity of 2-28 days...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885163/clinically-important-difference-of-the-arm-motor-ability-test-in-stroke-survivors
#12
George Fulk, Rebecca Martin, Stephen J Page
BACKGROUND: The Arm Motor Ability Test (AMAT) is used to assess and quantify upper-extremity (UE) functional limitation in stroke and other conditions. However, the AMAT score change indicative of important and clinically meaningful change has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinically important difference (CID) for the AMAT for individuals with stroke exhibiting mild to moderate hemiparesis. METHODS: A total of 146 chronic stroke survivors exhibiting stable, mild to moderate UE hemiparesis were administered the AMAT before and after interventions targeting their affected UEs...
November 23, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871235/development-of-the-interrai-home-care-frailty-scale
#13
John N Morris, Elizabeth P Howard, Knight R Steel
BACKGROUND: The concept of frailty, a relative state of weakness reflecting multiple functional and health domains, continues to receive attention within the geriatrics field. It offers a summary of key personal characteristics, providing perspective on an individual's life course. There have been multiple attempts to measure frailty, some focusing on physiologic losses, others on specific diseases, disabilities or health deficits. Recently, multidimensional approaches to measuring frailty have included cognition, mood and social components...
November 21, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870697/functional-movement-screen-factorial-validity-and-measurement-invariance-across-sex-among-collegiate-student-athletes
#14
Stacy L Gnacinski, David J Cornell, Barbara B Meyer, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Jennifer E Earl-Boehm
Gnacinski, SL, Cornell, DJ, Meyer, BB, Arvinen-Barrow, M, and Earl-Boehm, JE. Functional Movement Screen factorial validity and measurement invariance across sex among collegiate student-athletes. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3388-3395, 2016-The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a screening tool used to evaluate functional movement quality and subsequent musculoskeletal injury risk. Despite recent research on the factorial validity of the FMS, no confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been conducted to examine measurement invariance across sex among student-athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831746/the-interrelationship-of-common-clinical-movement-screens-establishing-population-specific-norms-in-a-large-cohort-of-military-applicants
#15
Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Peter Lisman, Anthony I Beutler, Patricia Deuster
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a leading cause of missed duty time and morbidity in the military. Modifiable risk factors for MSK-Is, such as inadequate core stability, poor movement patterns, and dynamic balance deficits, have not been identified in military applicants on entering service. OBJECTIVE:  To establish normative functional movement data using a series of screens in military applicants entering basic training and explore relationships among several movement tests...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827517/using-robot-fully-assisted-functional-movements-in-upper-limb-rehabilitation-of-chronic-stroke-patients-preliminary-results
#16
Marco Caimmi, Andrea Chiavenna, Alessandro Scano, Giulio Gasperini, Chiara Giovanzana, Lorenzo Molinari Tosatti, Franco Molteni
BACKGROUND: Robotic rehabilitation is promising to promote function in stroke patients. The assist as needed training paradigm has shown to stimulate neuroplasticity but often cannot be used because stroke patients are too impaired to actively control the robot against gravity. AIM: To verify whether a rehabilitation intervention based on robot fully assisted Reaching against gravity (RCH) and Hand-to-Mouth (HTM) can promote upper-limb function in chronic stroke...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798135/physiological-and-perceptual-sensory-attenuation-have-different-underlying-neurophysiological-correlates
#17
Clare E Palmer, Marco Davare, James M Kilner
: Sensory attenuation, the top-down filtering or gating of afferent information, has been extensively studied in two fields: physiological and perceptual. Physiological sensory attenuation is represented as a decrease in the amplitude of the primary and secondary components of the somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) before and during movement. Perceptual sensory attenuation, described using the analogy of a persons' inability to tickle oneself, is a reduction in the perception of the afferent input of a self-produced tactile sensation due to the central cancellation of the reafferent signal by the efference copy of the motor command to produce the action...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777987/clinical-neurophysiological-evaluation-for-simple-motor-tics
#18
Pattamon Panyakaew, Hyun Joo Cho, Mark Hallett
Simple motor tics are sudden, nonrhythmic jerk like movements that are often preceded by premonitory urge and can be voluntarily suppressed. Some clinical characteristic of tics such as variability of movement, distractibility and fluctuating course can mimic functional movement disorders. Here we report a case of motor tics where the physiological approach in addition to careful clinical assessments is helpful to support the diagnosis of tic.
2016: Clinical Neurophysiology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753149/functional-dystonia-and-the-borderland-between-neurology-and-psychiatry-new-concepts
#19
REVIEW
Rachel Newby, Jane Alty, Peter Kempster
Mind-brain dualism has dominated historical commentary on dystonia, a dichotomous approach that has left our conceptual grasp of it stubbornly incomplete. This is particularly true of functional dystonia, most diagnostically challenging of all functional movement disorders, in which the question of inherent psychogenicity remains a focus of debate. Phenomenological signs considered in isolation lack the specificity to distinguish organic and nonorganic forms, and dystonia's variability has frustrated attempts to develop objective laboratory-supported standards...
December 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744440/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-adjunctive-physical-activity-for-functional-movement-disorders-conversion-disorder-a-pilot-single-blinded-randomized-study
#20
Carlo Dallocchio, Michele Tinazzi, Frederica Bombieri, Natale Arnó, Roberto Erro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
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