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"work injury prevention"

U O Abaraogu, U A C Okafor, A O Ezeukwu, S E Igwe
BACKGROUND: Bottling workers maintain awkward postures while performing machine paced repetitive motions in many of their job tasks and therefore are predisposed to work related musculoskeletal discomfort (WMSD). There is a paucity of literature on prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal discomfort among this occupational group. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted among Eastern Nigerian beverage factory workers to investigate prevalence of WMSD as a first step towards risk factors investigation and ergonomic future intervention...
2015: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Huixia Liu, Feiyue Liu, Shuiyuan Xiao, Pengxiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of workers who are burn patients, and to provide basis for prevention and treatment of burn at work. METHODS: We investigated 4 078 burn workers in 9 cities in Hunan provincial enterprises, and different trades managed by municipal government from January 1st, 2005 to December 31st, 2010. RESULTS: The incidence rate of employment injury was 94.84 per 10 thousand workers each year in Hunan...
January 2014: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Susan J Isernhagen, Dennis Hart, Leonard Matheson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 1997: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Paula C Bohr, Sarah A Lasalle
In the absence of literature on upper extremity (UE) injury prevention programs, this study gathered data on educational programs currently available to enhance future programming. A telephone survey with written follow-up for verification and accuracy was used to collect descriptive data about the expected outcomes, educational content, program parameters and evaluation methods for UE injury prevention programs offered by nationally based companies. Six companies participated in the survey. Changes in employee behaviors and lifestyles were the most frequently expected outcomes...
January 1, 1998: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Patricia Graham, Jacalyn P Dougherty
PURPOSE: A substantive body of literature exists about nurses' risk for injury, but much less is known about musculoskeletal disorders, also termed ergonomic injuries, occurring in certified nurse aides (CNAs). To address this gap in the literature, and building on the extant research about workplace injuries in nurses, the aim of this study was to explore both the extent of and reasons for the occurrence of back injuries in CNAs. These data are important given that CNAs are essential members of healthcare teams with whom registered nurses (RNs) closely collaborate in caring for patients...
July 2012: Orthopaedic Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2011: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Carole James, Lynette Mackenzie, Nick Higginbotham
Functional Capacity Evaluations (FCE's) are part of practice in work injury prevention and rehabilitation, and are designed to define an individual's functional abilities or limitations in the context of safe, productive work tasks. Qualitative research methodology was used to investigate the attitudes and behaviours of health professionals in relation to FCE use. The study aimed to identify why health professionals chose a particular FCE, and to identify what factors influence health professionals' clinical judgements when providing results and recommendations for the individual being assessed...
2007: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
F Curtis Breslin, Peter Smith, James R Dunn
BACKGROUND: The investigation of geographic variation in occupational injuries has received little attention. Young workers 15 to 24 years are of particular concern because they consistently show elevated occupational injury rates compared to older workers. The present study sought to: (a) to describe the geographic variation of work injuries; (b) to determine whether geographic variation remained after controlling for relevant demographic and job characteristics; (c) to identify the region-level factors that correlate with the geographic variation...
2007: BMC Public Health
Carolyn M Gatty
Sixteen full-time clerical and office workers participated in this prospective parallel-randomized trial. Intervention consisted of four hours of individualized training through a multi-faceted injury prevention program. In Phase I, musculoskeletal symptoms, stress, and energy levels were measured before and after intervention. Differences between Group A (intervention) and Group B (control) were described; pre to post differences between members within each group were also described. In Phase II, there were a greater number of statistically and clinically relevant differences within Group A at week 16 (eleven weeks following intervention) than at week five (immediately post-intervention)...
2004: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Merrill Landers, Lynn Maguire
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the effectiveness of a work injury prevention program in the housekeeping department of a hotel. Studies have validated the use of different injury prevention strategies to decrease the incidence of work-related injuries. Few studies, however, have reported the efficacy of an on-site work injury prevention program by a physical therapist. STUDY DESIGN: In 1995, implementation of a work injury prevention program by a physical therapist to 50 housekeeping supervisors, 60 house persons and 340 guest room attendants at a large hotel began...
2004: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Patricia Finch Guthrie, Linda Westphal, Bruce Dahlman, Mark Berg, Kathy Behnam, Deborah Ferrell
UNLABELLED: The average age of nurses is projected to be 50 years in 2010 [17]. Because nurses are older, a work injury prevention program should change how nurses lift patients. The purpose of this evidence-based practice improvement project was to examine a new lifting intervention. METHOD: An evidence-based process was used to implement an effective lifting intervention, including a back school, a lift team, and mechanical lifting equipment, on the orthopedic and neurology units in a Minnesota hospital...
2004: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Susan A Martin, Julie L Irvine, Karah Fluharty, Carolyn M Gatty
The risk for the development of musculoskeletal disorders and associated conditions in clerical and office workers is well documented. The majority of work injury prevention programs for this population were single-faceted (education, workstation redesign, or task modification) and yielded both positive and negative findings. This pilot study was conducted with 16 full-time clerical and office workers at a small private college. In a randomized control trial, the intervention group received four hours of individualized training through a multi-faceted injury prevention program...
2003: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Carolyn M Gatty, Mynde Turner, Dinice J Buitendorp, Heather Batman
Musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace cause thousands of injuries and cost industry billions of dollars yearly. Work injury prevention programs have been developed and implemented as a means for cost containment. A variety of preventive strategies have been investigated in primary research. The purpose of this review article is to examine the effectiveness of back injury and pain prevention programs in the workplace. Nine studies published between 1995 and 2000 were reviewed and analyzed. Studies used primarily one of three types of preventive strategies: 1) back belts, 2) education and task modification, and 3) education and task modification with workstation redesign...
2003: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Dennis D. Isernhagen
Effective and cost efficient work injury prevention and disability management requires an integrated process that involves a number of components. Each component needs to be linked into a continuum or system. Components by themselves will not provide satisfactory solutions. This article addresses some of the key components that need to be included in an effective work injury management system. The goals of a management system are discussed and how each component plays a part in achieving these goals.
2000: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Janell Jundt, Phyllis M. King
By adapting to the changing health care environment, legislative reforms, and consumer needs, work rehabilitation programs have experienced a metamorphosis. This study surveyed occupational therapists currently employed in work programs to ascertain a current demographic profile of work rehabilitation programs. Respondents indicated the delivery of services in the areas of prevention, assessment and rehabilitation. The majority of work rehabilitation programs in this study provide services in the form of ergonomics, education and training, and job analyses at the worksite...
1999: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Rosemary Grant, Gwendolen Jull, Tracy Spencer
A single case study was undertaken of a screen based keyboard operator with a subclinical work related neck and upper limb disorder. It was proposed that retraining the stabilisation capacity of the postural supporting muscles (deep cervical flexors and the lower scapular stabilisers) would relieve selected musculoskeletal structures of stress, making them less sensitive to physical tests. The study involved three four-week phases: pre-intervention, intervention and a post-intervention phase. The results showed that as the ability of the postural supporting muscles to hold a low level contraction improved, the mechanosensitivity of the structures tested was reduced...
1997: Australian Journal of Physiotherapy
N Stout, C Bell
BACKGROUND: The complete and accurate identification of fatal occupational injuries among the US work force is an important first step in developing work injury prevention efforts. Numerous sources of information, such as death certificates, Workers' Compensation files, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) files, medical examiner records, state health and labor department reports, and various combinations of these, have been used to identify cases of work-related fatal injuries...
June 1991: American Journal of Public Health
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