keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gluten

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143803/use-of-novel-high-protein-functional-food-products-as-part-of-a-calorie-restricted-diet-to-reduce-insulin-resistance-and-increase-lean-body-mass-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Carol S Johnston, Barry Sears, Mary Perry, Jessica R Knurick
Significant reductions in insulin resistance (IR) can be achieved by either calorie restriction or by the increase of lean mass. However, calorie restriction usually results in significant loss of lean mass. A 6-week randomized controlled feeding trial was conducted to determine if a calorie-restricted, high-protein diet (~125 g protein/day consumed evenly throughout the day) using novel functional foods would be more successful for reducing IR in comparison to a conventional diet (~80 g protein/day) with a similar level of calorie restriction...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142524/a-case-of-celiac-disease-with-neurologic-manifestations-misdiagnosed-as-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#2
Hyoju Ham, Bo-In Lee, Hyun Jin Oh, Se Hwan Park, Jin Su Kim, Jae Myung Park, Young Seok Cho, Myung-Gyu Choi
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy and is a rare disease in Asia, including in Korea. However, the ingestion of wheat products, which can act as a precipitating factor of CD, has increased rapidly. CD is a common cause of malabsorption, but many patients can present with various atypical manifestations as first presented symptoms, including anemia, osteopenia, infertility, and neurological symptoms. Thus, making a diagnosis is challenging. We report a case of CD that mimicked amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142467/non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-all-wheat-attack-is-not-celiac
#3
REVIEW
Samuel O Igbinedion, Junaid Ansari, Anush Vasikaran, Felicity N Gavins, Paul Jordan, Moheb Boktor, Jonathan S Alexander
Currently, 1% of the United States population holds a diagnosis for celiac disease (CD), however, a more recently recognized and possibly related condition, "non-celiac gluten sensitivity" (NCGS) has been suggested to affect up to 6% of the United States public. While reliable clinical tests for CD exist, diagnosing individuals affected by NCGS is still complicated by the lack of reliable biomarkers and reliance upon a broad set of intestinal and extra intestinal symptoms possibly provoked by gluten. NCGS has been proposed to exhibit an innate immune response activated by gluten and several other wheat proteins...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141505/serum-zinc-copper-and-iron-status-of-children-with-coeliac-disease-on-three-months-of-gluten-free-diet-with-or-without-four-weeks-of-zinc-supplements-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
K Negi, R Kumar, L Sharma, S P Datta, M Choudhury, P Kumar
Data about the effect of zinc supplementation with gluten-free diet on normalisation of plasma zinc, copper and iron in patients with coeliac disease are scanty. We evaluated the effect of zinc supplementation on serum zinc, copper and iron levels in patients with coeliac disease, by randomising 71 children newly diagnosed with coeliac disease into two groups: Group A = gluten-free diet (GFD); and Group B = gluten-free diet with zinc supplements (GFD +Zn). The rise in iron and zinc was significantly higher in the latter, but the mean rise of copper levels was slightly higher in the former, but the difference was not significant...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140656/an-analysis-of-%C3%A2-natural%C3%A2-food-litigation-to-build-a-sesame-allergy-consumer-class-action
#5
Dana Shaker
In a world where food allergy is still an incurable disease, law and regulation stand as necessary mechanisms to provide food-allergic consumers with the information they need to protect their health. The Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 provided specific labeling requirements for the “Top Eight” allergens in the U.S.: milk, soy, gluten, egg, tree nut, peanut, fish, and Crustacean shellfish. Since then, sesame has become more prevalent as an allergen and remains just as dangerous, inducing anaphylactic shock in some sesame-allergic individuals...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136587/management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-celiac-disease
#6
REVIEW
Rok Seon Choung, Jeffrey A Alexander, David A Katzka, Joseph A Murray
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and celiac disease (CeD) are chronic immune mediated gastrointestinal disorders characterized by mucosal inflammation, both of which are related to food antigens, but with differences in clinical and histopathological features. When untreated, both diseases lead to destruction of the epithelium. While a strict gluten-free diet is the only effective therapy for CeD, several therapeutic options, such as proton pump inhibitors, topical steroids and diet elimination therapy are available for EoE...
November 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132967/unexplained-infertility-and-undiagnosed-celiac-disease-study-of-a-multiethnic-canadian-population
#7
Beth Gunn, Kellie E Murphy, Ellen M Greenblatt
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of Celiac disease (CD) in Canadian women with unexplained infertility versus women with an identifiable cause of infertility and to assess the sensitivity of the point-of-care Biocard Celiac Test Kit versus standard serum serologic testing. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, women aged 18 to 44 who were evaluated for infertility between February 2010 and May 2012 at a tertiary academic care fertility clinic in Toronto, ON, were invited to participate...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132758/gluten-free-diets-the-grain-of-truth
#8
Talha Khan Burki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132529/celiac-disease-and-gluten-sensitivity
#9
REVIEW
Katharine C DeGeorge, Jeanetta W Frye, Kim M Stein, Lisa K Rollins, Daniel F McCarter
Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten that affects genetically predisposed individuals, typically causing intestinal symptoms and malabsorption. Diagnosis requires stepwise evaluation with anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA and histologic analysis of the small bowel. Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet is the primary treatment. Patients with symptoms thought to be related to gluten but without evidence of celiac disease are difficult to diagnose and treat. Consider first advising general nutritional improvements...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131356/gluten-sensitivities-and-the-allergist-threshing-the-grain-from-the-husks
#10
REVIEW
J G Burkhardt, A Chapa-Rodriguez, S L Bahna
"Gluten sensitivity" has become commonplace among the public. Wheat allergy (WA) and celiac disease (CD) are well-defined entities, but are becoming a fraction of individuals following a gluten-free diet. WA has a prevalence of <0.5%. Wheat, specifically its omega-5 gliadin fraction, is the most common allergen implicated in food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis. CD is a non-IgE hypersensitivity to certain cereal proteins: gluten in wheat, secalin in rye, hordein in barley, and to a lesser extent avenin in oat...
November 13, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127130/eosinophilic-oesophagitis-and-coeliac-disease-is-there-an-association
#11
Ana Margarida Vaz, Antonio Jesus Cadilla, Diamantino Sousa, Horácio Guerreiro
A 25-year-old man was seen in outpatient clinic for progressive solid food dysphagia. He was already medicated with a proton pump inhibitor with no improvement. His blood tests showed a slight microcytic anaemia and peripheral eosinophilia. The oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy showed longitudinal furrows in the distal two-thirds of the oesophagus and a concentric distal stenosis. The biopsies taken showed eosinophilic infiltrates consistent with eosinophilic oesophagitis. There was no improvement with topical fluticasone, so the patient was started on a systemic corticosteroid with resolution of dysphagia and of the oesophageal stenosis...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123180/the-gliadin-peptide-31-43-exacerbates-kainate-neurotoxicity-in-epilepsy-models
#12
Elisabetta Gerace, Francesco Resta, Elisa Landucci, Daniela Renzi, Alessio Masi, Domenico E Pellegrini-Giampietro, Antonio Calabrò, Guido Mannaioni
Many neurological disorders of gluten-related diseases (GRD), not directly referable to the gastrointestinal tract, have been reported in association with celiac disease (CD), including ataxia, neuropathy and epilepsy. In particular, people with epilepsy diagnosed with CD seems to be characterized by intractable seizure. In these patients, gluten restriction diet has resulted in a reduction of both seizure frequency and antiepileptic medication. Many hypotheses have been suggested, however, molecular mechanisms that associates GRD and epileptogenesis are yet unknown...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120789/laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-libs-for-rapid-analysis-of-ash-potassium-and-magnesium-in-gluten-free-flours
#13
Maria Markiewicz-Keszycka, Maria P Casado-Gavalda, Xavier Cama-Moncunill, Raquel Cama-Moncunill, Yash Dixit, Patrick J Cullen, Carl Sullivan
Gluten free (GF) diets are prone to mineral deficiency, thus effective monitoring of the elemental composition of GF products is important to ensure a balanced micronutrient diet. The objective of this study was to test the potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis combined with chemometrics for at-line monitoring of ash, potassium and magnesium content of GF flours: tapioca, potato, maize, buckwheat, brown rice and a GF flour mixture. Concentrations of ash, potassium and magnesium were determined with reference methods and LIBS...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119084/gluten-free-diet-among-school-age-children-in-olmsted-county-minnesota
#14
Eyad Almallouhi, Imad Absah
Objective: To assess the prevalence of gluten-free diet (GFD) among school-age children in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and compare it with the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in the same age group. Methods: We performed a population-based study in Olmsted County using a survey to collect information from the six school districts in the county for the academic year 2014-2015. The survey contained questions to (1) assess the prevalence of GFD among school-age children in the public schools of Olmsted County; (2) assess the prevalence of CD among school-age children in Olmsted County; and (3) determine the indications for GFD in these children...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118931/outcome-of-breath-tests-in-adult-patients-with-suspected-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#15
Johanna Mattsson, Maria Teresa Minaya, Milka Monegro, Benjamin Lebwohl, Suzanne K Lewis, Peter Hr Green, Reidun Stenberg
Aim: The aim was to investigate breath test outcomes in patients with suspected SIBO and indicative symptoms of SIBO, diagnosed by breath testing. Background: Breath testing is used to detect small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) by measuring hydrogen and methane produced by intestinal bacteria. Methods: This retrospective cross sectional study included 311 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who underwent the breath test for evaluation of SIBO at Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University, New York, in 2014-2015...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117222/a-chimeric-ige-that-mimics-ige-from-patients-allergic-to-acid-hydrolyzed-wheat-proteins-is-a-novel-tool-for-in-vitro-allergenicity-assessment-of-functionalized-glutens
#16
Olivier Tranquet, Jean-Charles Gaudin, Sarita Patil, Johanna Steinbrecher, Kayoko Matsunaga, Reiko Teshima, Shinobu Sakai, Colette Larré, Sandra Denery-Papini
BACKGROUND: Acid-hydrolyzed wheat proteins (acid-HWPs) have been shown to provoke severe allergic reactions in Europe and Japan that are distinct from classical wheat allergies. Acid-HWPs were shown to contain neo-epitopes induced by the deamidation of gluten proteins. However, products with variable rates of deamidation can be found. OBJECTIVES: In this work, we studied the effect of the extent of wheat proteins deamidation on its allergenicity. A recombinant chimeric IgE was produced and compared to patients' IgE for its capacity to assess the IgE-mediated triggering potential of acid-HWPs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116352/a-multiplex-competitive-elisa-for-the-detection-and-characterization-of-gluten-in-fermented-hydrolyzed-foods
#17
Rakhi Panda, Marc Boyer, Eric A E Garber
A novel competitive ELISA was developed utilizing the G12, R5, 2D4, MIoBS, and Skerritt antibody-HRP conjugates employed in nine commercial ELISA test kits that are routinely used for gluten detection. This novel multiplex competitive ELISA simultaneously measures gliadin-, deamidated gliadin-, and glutenin-specific epitopes. The assay was used to evaluate 20 wheat beers, 20 barley beers, 6 barley beers processed to reduce gluten, 15 soy sauces, 6 teriyaki sauces, 6 Worcestershire sauces, 6 vinegars, and 8 sourdough breads...
November 7, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113044/inter-rater-reliability-of-provider-interpretations-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-food-and-symptom-journals
#18
Jasmine Zia, Chia-Fang Chung, Kaiyuan Xu, Yi Dong, Jeanette M Schenk, Kevin Cain, Sean Munson, Margaret M Heitkemper
There are currently no standardized methods for identifying trigger food(s) from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) food and symptom journals. The primary aim of this study was to assess the inter-rater reliability of providers' interpretations of IBS journals. A second aim was to describe whether these interpretations varied for each patient. Eight providers reviewed 17 IBS journals and rated how likely key food groups (fermentable oligo-di-monosaccharides and polyols, high-calorie, gluten, caffeine, high-fiber) were to trigger IBS symptoms for each patient...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113008/-drug-therapy-in-coeliac-disease-from-bench-to-bedside
#19
Jürgen Stein, Jörg-Dieter Schulzke, Detlef Schuppan
Coeliac disease is one of the most common diseases worldwide, with an estimated global prevalence of 0.5 - 1 %. The disease is triggered by a combination of environmental (gluten proteins from wheat, rye or barley) and genetic factors (mainly the human leucocyte antigens HLA-DQ2 or -DQ8). At present, a strict gluten-free diet (GFD) represents the only treatment option. However, strict adherence to a GFD is challenging, since even highly motivated patients may be subject to inadvertent or background exposure to gluten...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113007/-gluten-free-diet-update-2017
#20
Ottmar Leiß
Since sixty years, the gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only therapeutic option for patients with celiac disease or dermatitis herpetitormis to normalize symptoms and prevent complications. In recent years, the use of a gluten-free diet is rapidly growing because of presumed effects on well-being and control of body weight. GFD is becoming a popular health choice for everybody.In the present review, evidence-based indications for a gluten-free diet are stressed, the need for profound dietary counselling and education of the patient is underlined, problems and pitfalls of the implementation of a gluten-free diet in daily practice and possible side effects of long-term gluten-free diets are mentioned...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
keyword
keyword
1110
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"