keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gluten

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732930/transglutaminase-set-colloidal-properties-of-wheat-gluten-with-ultrasound-pretreatments
#1
Xin-Sheng Qin, Qiao-Qiao Sun, Yan-Yan Zhao, Xi-Yang Zhong, Dong-Dong Mu, Shao-Tong Jiang, Shui-Zhong Luo, Zhi Zheng
The low solubility of wheat gluten limits its accessibility. This work aimed to study the impact of ultrasonic pretreatments on the gelation of wheat gluten. The pretreatments included ultrasound combined with alkali, urea, Na2SO3, with or without the addition of transglutaminase (TGase). The gel strength of wheat gluten was 287g/cm(2) after treatment with Na2SO3/ultrasound/TGase. The free sulfhydryl and disulfide bond content was significantly affected by ultrasound treatment. After treatments including TGase crosslinking, the molecular weight of wheat gluten complexes became larger...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730262/crypt-hyperplastic-enteropathy-in-distal-duodenum-in-helicobacter-pylori-infection-report-of-two-cases-without-evidence-of-celiac-disease
#2
Mariana Jinga, Daniel Vasile Balaban, Ileana Peride, Andrei Niculae, Irina Monica DuŢescu, Florina Vasilescu, Markku Mäki, Alina Mihaela Popp
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection have been reported to have in addition to duodenitis architectural changes of the duodenal bulb mucosa including villous atrophy and crypt hyperplasia. We here for the first time present two cases of HP-infected adult patients with a crypt hyperplastic enteropathy also in the distal duodenum mimicking celiac disease (CD). METHODS: We evaluated separately the morphology of the anatomical bulb and distal duodenal mucosa using validated quantitative morphometric tools, i...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729815/symposium-report-an-evidence-based-approach-to-ibs-and-cic-applying-new-advances-to-daily-practice-a-review-of-an-adjunct-clinical-symposium-of-the-american-college-of-gastroenterology-meeting-october-16-2016-%C3%A2-las-vegas-nevada
#3
William D Chey
Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) regularly publishes reviews on IBS and CIC therapies. The most recent of these reviews was published by the ACG Task Force on the Management of Functional Bowel Disorders in 2014. The key objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of therapies for IBS or CIC compared with placebo or no treatment in randomized controlled trials...
February 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727124/similar-effects-of-lysine-deficiency-in-muscle-biochemical-characteristics-of-fatty-and-lean-piglets
#4
P Palma-Granados, A Haro, I Seiquer, L Lara, J F Aguilera, R Nieto
The main objective of this work was to investigate the effects of feeding Lys-deficient diets on muscle biochemical characteristics, particularly intramuscular fat concentration and fatty acid profile, in a fatty (Iberian) and a conventional pig genotype (Landrace × Large White [LDW]) maintained in identical experimental conditions. Performance and plasma metabolite changes were also monitored. Twenty-eight barrows of 10 kg initial BW, 14 of Iberian and 14 of LDW breed, were randomly assigned to each of 2 experimental diets in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement (2 breeds × 2 diets)...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727101/the-effect-of-frequency-of-supplementing-rumen-protected-unsaturated-fatty-acids-on-blood-serum-fatty-acid-profiles-in-beef-heifers-and-lactating-cows
#5
E K Cook, M E Garcia-Ascolani, R E Ricks, S K Duckett, G C Lamb, N DiLorenzo, N M Long
The objective of this study was to determine if supplementation frequency of rumen-protected fat (RPF) influences circulating serum concentrations of fatty acids (FA), NEFA, and urea nitrogen in beef heifers and lactating cows. In Exp. 1, 12 early gestation beef heifers were supplemented 0.5 kg of corn gluten feed (CGF) daily during a 2-wk adaptation period. During the last 3 d of adaptation, blood samples were collected immediately before supplementation and then 8 and 16 h postsupplementation daily. Each heifer was then randomly assigned to 1 of 3 supplementation frequency treatments of RPF (3, 5, or 7 d/wk) for 3 wk in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with 3 periods (4 heifers per treatment per period), with each treatment receiving the same amount of RPF and CGF per wk (1...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727085/impact-of-microbial-efficiency-to-predict-mp-supply-when-estimating-protein-requirements-of-growing-beef-cattle-from-performance
#6
A K Watson, T J Klopfenstein, G E Erickson, J C MacDonald, V A Wilkerson
Data from 16 trials were compiled to calculate microbial CP (MCP) production and MP requirements of growing cattle on high-forage diets. All cattle were individually fed diets with 28% to 72% corn cobs in addition to either alfalfa, corn silage, or sorghum silage at 18% to 60% of the diet (DM basis). The remainder of the diet consisted of protein supplement. Source of protein within the supplement varied and included urea, blood meal, corn gluten meal, dry distillers grains, feather meal, meat and bone meal, poultry by-product meal, soybean meal, and wet distillers grains...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725891/fecal-excretion-of-maillard-reaction-products-and-the-gut-microbiota-composition-of-rats-fed-with-bread-crust-or-bread-crumb
#7
C Helou, P M Anton, C Niquet-Léridon, M Spatz, F J Tessier, P Gadonna-Widehem
A comparison between the impacts of advanced (N(ε)-carboxymethyllysine - CML) and terminal (melanoidins) Maillard reaction products from bread on gut microbiota was carried out in this study. Gut microbiota composition as well as fecal excretion of CML from both bread crust and bread crumb, and of melanoidins from bread crust were assessed on a rodent model. Rats were fed with pellets supplemented or not with 13% of bread crust, bread crumb, a fiber-free bread crust model (glucose, starch and gluten heated together) or a fiber-free-melanoidin-free bread model (glucose-starch and gluten heated separately) for four weeks...
July 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725310/refractory-celiac-disease-successfully-treated-with-azathioprine
#8
Umair Iqbal, Ahmad Chaudhary, Muhammad Arsalan Karim, Hafsa Anwar, Nancy Merrell
Refractory celiac disease (CD) is a clinical diagnosis defined by the persistence of signs/symptoms, laboratory abnormalities or villous atrophy typical of CD despite strict adherence to a gluten-free diet for at least 6 - 12 months. It should be suspected when patients with CD fail to respond primarily or secondarily to a gluten-free diet, especially if there is significant weight loss. Differentiation between types is important both for management and predicting prognosis. Type I can be managed with mild immunosuppression with nutritional support...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724585/effect-of-gluten-free-diet-on-cerebellar-mr-spectroscopy-in-gluten-ataxia
#9
Marios Hadjivassiliou, Richard A Grünewald, David S Sanders, Priya Shanmugarajah, Nigel Hoggard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of gluten free diet (GFD) on magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the cerebellum in patients with gluten ataxia (GA). METHODS: Patients with GA, defined as sporadic ataxia with positive antigliadin antibodies in the absence of an alternative cause, routinely undergo MRS at baseline and after the introduction of GFD as part of their clinical care. We present our experience of the effect of GFD on MRS of the cerebellum. RESULTS: A total of 117 consecutive patients with GA were included in this report...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722361/-food-dependent-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-a-stepwise-diagnosis
#10
Julien Gaillard, Amélie Borgeat-Kaeser, Guillaume Buss, François Spertini
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a potentially severe food allergy. Physical exercise, NSAID, alcohol, infectious diseases and estrogens are recognized cofactors, able to reduce the amount of allergen needed to achieve a threshold for the induction of anaphylaxis. Various kinds of causative food but only a few responsible proteins have been identified. The best known is wheat ω5-gliadine. An oral food challenge remains the gold standard to prove the diagnosis. Its clinical application remains difficult and includes an allergen challenge, a cofactor challenge and a third step which integrates both of them in a single test...
April 5, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722133/rheological-characterization-of-gluten-from-triticale-x-triticosecale-wittmack
#11
Anna Pruska-Kędzior, Agnieszka Makowska, Zenon Kędzior, Bolesław P Salmanowicz
BACKGROUND: Triticale gluten still remains very poorly characterized rheologically. In this study the mechanical spectra of gluten isolated from four triticale cultivars were registered and fitted with Cole-Cole functions yielding the viscoelastic plateau parameters. Master spectra were calculated. Retardation test was performed and used to calculate the composite mechanical spectra and the width of viscoelastic plateau l. Protein fractional composition of triticale flour and gluten was studied using capillary zone electrophoresis...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721692/left-ventricular-mechanics-are-affected-in-children-with-celiac-disease-a-study-based-on-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#12
Murat Deveci, Ayşen Uncuoğlu Aydoğan, Gürkan Altun, Özlem Kayabey, Okan Tuğral, Kadir Babaoğlu
BACKGROUND: An association between cardiomyopathy and celiac disease has been reported, but not frequently. We examined the effects on cardiac mechanics in children with celiac disease (CD) by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). METHODS: Eighty-one children with CD were compared with a control group comprising 51 healthy children by echocardiographic examination. Children with CD who had been on gluten-free diet for more than 6 months were divided into two different groups: group 1 was positive for serum antitissue transglutaminase antibody (n=48), and group 2 was negative for serum antitissue transglutaminase antibody (n=33)...
July 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720967/degree-of-roasting-of-carob-flour-affecting-the-properties-of-gluten-free-cakes-and-cookies
#13
Laura Román, Ana González, Teresa Espina, Manuel Gómez
Carob flour is a product rich in fibre obtained from by-products of the locust bean gum extraction processing. The flour is commercialised with different degrees of roasting in order to improve its organoleptic characteristics. In this study, carob flour with three different roasting degrees was used to replace rice flour (15%) in gluten-free cakes and cookies. The influence of this replacement was studied on the psychochemical characteristics and acceptability of the final products. The incorporation of carob flour increased the viscosity of cake batters and increased the solid elastic-like behaviour of the cookie doughs, indicating a stronger interaction among the formula ingredients...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720954/effect-of-partial-substitution-of-gluten-free-flour-mixtures-with-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-flour-on-quality-of-gluten-free-noodles
#14
Hacer Levent
In this study, chia seed flour (CSF) was used in gluten-free noodle formulation at different levels (0, 10, 20 and 30%, w/w) with and without diacetyl tartaric esters of mono (and di) glycerides (DATEM). Chemical, nutritional, sensory properties and cooking quality of gluten-free noodle samples were investigated. Protein, fat, antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of gluten-free noodles increased by 1.7, 5.5, 2.6 and 2.0 times at 30% usage level of CSF as compared to control sample. Phytic acid and phytate phosphorus content increased from 168...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720949/rheological-properties-and-microstructure-of-xylanase-containing-whole-wheat-bread-dough
#15
G Ghoshal, U S Shivhare, U C Banerjee
The present research work was undertaken to investigate the effect of xylanase, produced by Penicillium citrinum, on rheological behavior of whole wheat bread dough at large and small deformation respectively. Dough attributes including textural properties (penetration) and structure related characteristics (oscillatory tests) were evaluated. Change in visco-elastic properties of xylanase containing dough was evaluated by oscillatory and creep measurements. The flow experiments were conducted under steady-state condition with shear rate ranging from 0...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720058/long-form-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-of-keratinocytes-is-induced-by-protein-allergens
#16
Yasutaka Kuroda, Takuo Yuki, Yutaka Takahashi, Hitoshi Sakaguchi, Kayoko Matsunaga, Hiroshi Itagaki
A growing body of evidence suggests that epicutaneous sensitization of protein allergens induces immediate-type hypersensitivity (IHS) following induction of Type 2 immune responses in animals and humans. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) derived from keratinocytes is a cytokine that can activate dendritic cells and has been implicated in development of inflammatory Type 2 helper T-cells. However, there is no direct evidence that allergens directly regulate TSLP expression in keratinocytes. This study aimed to evaluate the response of TSLP to protein allergens in cultured human keratinocytes and to identify appropriate endpoints for IHS...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719376/stability-of-spironolactone-oral-suspension-in-pcca-base-suspendit
#17
Richard Graves, Kelly V Phan, Levon A Bostanian, Tarun K Mandal, Yashoda V Pramar
Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a potassium-sparing diuretic used to treat hypertension and heart failure and may also be used to treat edema resulting from kidney disease, low potassium levels, or excess aldosterone. No commercial liquid dosage form of spironolactone exists. An extemporaneously compounded suspension from pure drug powder or commercial tablets would provide an alternative option to meet unique patient needs. The purpose of this study was to determine the physicochemical stability of spironolactone in the PCCA base SuspendIt...
July 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708086/celiac-disease-presenting-with-peripheral-neuropathy-in-children-a-case-report
#18
Alessandra Pacitto, Alessandra Paglino, Lorenza Di Genova, Alberto Leonardi, Edoardo Farinelli, Nicola Principi, Giuseppe di Cara, Susanna Esposito
Background: Clinically relevant neurological manifestations in children with celiac disease (CD) are unusual, especially when they are considered as signs of the onset of the disease. In this paper, a case of Guillain-Barrè syndrome (GBS) as the first manifestation of CD in a 23-month-old child is reported. Case presentation: We describe a case of CD onset with peripheral neuropathy in a 23-month-old Bulgarian boy presenting with a sudden refusal to walk and absence of deep tendon reflexes in both lower limbs...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704189/chronic-hepatitis-due-to-gluten-enteropathy-a-case-report
#19
Irina I Ivanova, Denitsa Y Dukova, Pavlina G Boikova, Lili S Grudeva, Ivan B Shalev, Iskren A Kotzev
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old Caucasian woman presented with severe iron-deficient anemia and mild elevation of liver enzymes. Upper endoscopy was done in the context of evaluation of anemia, which revealed reduced duodenal folds and mosaic pattern of the mucosa, but also grade II esophageal varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703954/evaluation-of-selected-properties-of-gluten-free-instant-gruels-processed-under-various-extrusion-cook-ing-conditions
#20
Magdalena Kręcisz, Agnieszka Wójtowicz
BACKGROUND: For consumers suffering with gluten intolerance, the only way to manage the condition is to avoid foods which are high in gluten. Instant gruels, processed from gluten-free corn and rice by extrusion cooking, could be used as a ready meal both for children and for adults on a gluten-free diet. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of various processing conditions on selected characteristics of corn-rice instant gruels. METHODS: Corn-rice mixtures (75:25 and 50:50) were processed at 12, 14, 16 and 18% of initial moisture content, using an extruder with screw speeds of 80, 100 and 120 rpm...
April 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
keyword
keyword
1110
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"