keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gluten

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806297/adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-assessment-by-dietician-interview-and-serology
#1
Pooja Mehta, Zhaoxing Pan, Marisa Dzarnoski Riley, Edwin Liu
We aimed to 1) determine if tissue transglutaminase autoantibody (tTG) positivity was associated with dietitian-assessed adherence to a gluten-free diet in pediatric patients with celiac disease and 2) identify areas where adherence falters. We reviewed the records of children with celiac disease who had a standardized evaluation of adherence by a registered dietitian. A negative tTG value was not associated with good adherence (p = NS). Adherent and nonadherent children differed with respect to purposeful and accidental gluten exposure (p < 0...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805891/increasing-corn-distillers-solubles-alters-the-liquid-fraction-of-the-ruminal-microbiome
#2
J C McCann, J R Segers, H Derakhshani, T L Felix, E Khafipour, D W Shike
Five ruminally fistulated steers were used in a 5 × 5 Latin square design to determine the effects of increasing dietary fat and sulfur from condensed distiller's solubles (CDS) on the ruminal microbiome. Treatments included a corn-based control (CON) and 4 levels of CDS (0, 10, 19, and 27%) in a coproduct-based (corn gluten feed and soybean hulls) diet. Fat concentrations were 1.79, 4.43, 6.80, and 8.91% for diets containing 0, 10, 19, and 27% CDS, respectively. Steers were fed for ad libitum intake once daily...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802008/mechanism-study-of-multimode-ultrasound-pretreatment-on-the-enzymolysis-of-wheat-gluten
#3
Yanyan Zhang, Jing Li, Suyun Li, Haile Ma, Hua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound pretreatment could improve the angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of hydrolysates of wheat gluten (WG). The working mode of ultrasound has an important effect on the enzymatic hydrolysis of protein. RESULTS: The results showed that the optimum working mode of ultrasound was alternate dual-frequency mode (20/35 kHz), substrate concentration was 30 g L(-1) , initial temperature of the suspension was 30 °C, ultrasound pretreatment time was 10 min and power density was 150 W L(-1) ...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799783/gluten-free-foods-in-rural-maritime-provinces-limited-availability-high-price-and-low-iron-content
#4
Jennifer A Jamieson, Laura Gougeon
We investigated the price difference between gluten-free (GF) and gluten-containing (GC) foods available in rural Maritime stores. GF foods and comparable GC items were sampled through random visits to 21 grocery stores in nonurban areas of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, Canada. Wilcoxon rank tests were conducted on price per 100 g of product, and on the price relative to iron content; 2226 GF foods (27.2% staple items, defined as breads, cereals, flours, and pastas) and 1625 GC foods were sampled, with an average ± SD of 66 ± 2...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799291/inaccuracy-of-patient-reported-descriptions-of-and-satisfaction-with-bowel-actions-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
E P Halmos, J R Biesiekierski, E D Newnham, R E Burgell, J G Muir, P R Gibson
BACKGROUND: Perception of diarrhea and constipation differs greatly. This study aimed to correlate subjective and objective assessment of fecal characteristics in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. METHODS: Data from two interventional dietary trials with varying FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols) or gluten content were interrogated. Subjects rated their dissatisfaction with stool consistency daily using a visual analog scale during the interventions...
August 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797308/coeliac-disease-in-infants-antibodies-to-deamidated-gliadin-peptide-come-first
#6
Michele Arigliani, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Martina Fabris, Paola Melli, Elio Tonutti, Paola Cogo
BACKGROUND: The onset of coeliac disease (CD) in the first year of life is uncommon and the diagnosis can be challenging due to the suboptimal sensitivity of tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG) at this age and the many other possible causes of malabsorption in infants. Antibodies to deamidated gliadin peptides (anti-DGPs), especially IgG, may appear earlier than IgA anti-tTG in very young children with CD. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here on an 8-month-old child who was evaluated for failure to thrive, constipation and developmental delay...
August 10, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796984/allergens-and-food-additives-including-potentially-harmful-ones-present-in-food-products-that-are-preferred-by-children-and-adolescents
#7
Sandra Budrewicz, Marcin Banaszczak, Jakub Piotrowski, Maja Czerwińska, Ewa Stachowska
INTRODUCTION: The proper development of a child is linked with proper nutrition, including nutritional habits which are formed from childhood. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to establish a list of the most popular food products among children and to develop a register of potentially dangerous substances on a Facebook website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A website was created on Facebook. The participants provided lists of favorite dishes or products...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796286/effect-of-ingredients-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-sorghum-pasta
#8
Pablo Martín Palavecino, Mariela Cecilia Bustos, María Belén Heinzmann Alabí, Melani Solange Nicolazzi, María Cecilia Penci, Pablo Daniel Ribotta
Sorghum is an underutilized cereal in human food production, despite its flour being a potential gluten-free (GF) source in the development of several foods. Thus, the aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effects and interactions of different ingredients on cooking quality and texture of GF pasta. Egg albumen (A), egg powder (E), xanthan gum (X), and pregelatinized corn starch (P) were used as ingredients, and Box-Behnken experimental design was applied to study the effects of these ingredients on pasta cooking behavior, color, and texture attributes...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792836/when-gluten-free-is-harmful
#9
Grace Margaret Boyd, Charlie Bigwood, Siba Prosad Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792732/integrated-magneto-chemical-sensor-for-on-site-food-allergen-detection
#10
Hsing-Ying Lin, Chen-Han Huang, Jongmin Park, Divya Pathania, Cesar M Castro, Alessio Fasano, Ralph Weissleder, Hakho Lee
Adverse food reactions, including food allergies, food sensitivities, and autoimmune reaction (e.g., celiac disease) affect 5-15% of the population and remain a considerable public health problem requiring stringent food avoidance and epinephrine availability for emergency events. Avoiding problematic foods is practically difficult, given current reliance on prepared foods and out-of-home meals. In response, we developed a portable, point-of-use detection technology, termed integrated Exogenous Antigen Testing (iEAT)...
August 9, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791817/binder-syndrome-clinical-findings-and-surgical-treatment-of-18-patients-at-the-department-of-plastic-surgery-in-polanica-zdr%C3%A3-j
#11
Piotr H Drozdowski, Ireneusz Łątkowski, Mateusz G Zachara, Piotr Wójcicki
BACKGROUND: Binder syndrome (BS) is an uncommon congenital underdevelopment of the maxilla and nasal skeleton. Other clinical features include a hypoplastic or absent anterior nasal spine; a short, flat nose with short columella; an acute nasolabial angle; a convex upper lip and class III malocclusion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to outline the major characteristics of BS and to present a variety of surgical treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 18 patients treated in the authors' department from 1989 to 2013...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790347/effect-of-extra-cysteine-residue-of-new-mutant-1ax1-subunit-on-the-functional-properties-of-common-wheat
#12
Miao Li, Yaqiong Wang, Fengyun Ma, Jian Zeng, Junli Chang, Mingjie Chen, Kexiu Li, Guangxiao Yang, Yuesheng Wang, Guangyuan He
Subunit pair 1Dx5 + 1Dy10 was recognized as superior subunit combination in wheat and contained an extra repetitive-domain cysteine residue in 1Dx5 that was important for understanding the formation of dough viscoelasticity. In this research, one specific serine codon of the 1Ax1 gene corresponding to the extra cysteine residue of 1Dx5 was substituted by a cysteine codon through site-directed mutagenesis. Four homozygous transgenic lines (T4) expressing the mutant 1Ax1 gene (mut1Ax1) were produced. Their greater dough strength and stability were confirmed by mixograph and were associated with highly increased gluten index, larger amounts of gluten macropolymers, larger size distribution for glutenin macropolymer particles and varied sodium-dodecyl-sulfate sedimentation volumes, compared with those of the one line expressing wild 1Ax1 that had similar expression level of transgene...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782118/undetectable-negative-tissue-transglutaminase-iga-antibodies-predict-mucosal-healing-in-treated-coeliac-disease-patients
#13
H Fang, K S King, J J Larson, M R Snyder, T T Wu, M J Gandhi, J A Murray
BACKGROUND: Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) immunoglobulin A (IgA) testing is a sensitive adjunct to the diagnosis of coeliac disease. The threshold for positivity was developed for diagnosis, with negative results reported as below the reference value (<4 U/mL). AIM: To investigate if an undetectable (tTG IgA<1.2 U/mL) is more predictive of healing compared to patients with negative but detectable serology (1.2-3.9 U/mL). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 402 treated coeliac disease patients seen at the Mayo Clinic with negative tTG IgA values drawn within 1 month of duodenal biopsy between January 2009 and December 2015...
August 7, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779027/hla-dq-gluten-tetramer-test-in-blood-gives-better-detection-of-coeliac-patients-than-biopsy-after-14-day-gluten-challenge
#14
Vikas K Sarna, Gry I Skodje, Henrik M Reims, Louise F Risnes, Shiva Dahal-Koirala, Ludvig M Sollid, Knut E A Lundin
OBJECTIVE: Initiation of a gluten-free diet without proper diagnostic work-up of coeliac disease is a frequent and demanding problem. Recent diagnostic guidelines suggest a gluten challenge of at least 14 days followed by duodenal biopsy in such patients. The rate of false-negative outcome of this approach remains unclear. We studied responses to 14-day gluten challenge in subjects with treated coeliac disease. DESIGN: We challenged 20 subjects with biopsy-verified coeliac disease, all in confirmed mucosal remission, for 14 days with 5...
August 4, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778891/a-commensal-bifidobacterium-longum-strain-improves-gluten-related-immunopathology-in-mice-through-expression-of-a-serine-protease-inhibitor
#15
J L McCarville, J Dong, A Caminero, M Bermudez-Brito, J Jury, J A Murray, S Duboux, M Steinmann, M Delley, M Tangyu, P Langella, A Mercenier, G Bergonzelli, E F Verdu
Microbiota-modulating strategies, including probiotic administration, have been tested for the treatment of chronic gastrointestinal diseases despite limited information regarding their mechanisms of action. We previously demonstrated that patients with active celiac disease have decreased duodenal expression of elafin, a human serine protease inhibitor, and supplementation of elafin by a recombinant Lactococcus lactis prevents gliadin-induced immunopathology in the NOD/DQ8 mouse model of gluten sensitivity...
August 4, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771262/commercially-available-gluten-free-pastas-elevate-postprandial-glycemia-in-comparison-to-conventional-wheat-pasta-in-healthy-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-crossover-trial
#16
C S Johnston, D Snyder, C Smith
Given the popularity of gluten-free diets, research regarding the health implications of gluten-free (GF) products is necessary. This study compared the postprandial glycemic responses to three GF pastas commonly available in the U.S. market to that of wheat pasta in healthy adults. Thirteen healthy non-smoking men and women from a university campus population were enrolled in this randomized 4 × 4 block crossover study and completed all four treatments. Participants followed a standardized diet and activity protocol the day prior to testing, and one week separated testing periods...
August 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771001/abrogation-of-immunogenic-properties-of-gliadin-peptides-through-transamidation-by-microbial-transglutaminase-is-acyl-acceptor-dependent
#17
Lin Zhou, Yvonne M C Kooy-Winkelaar, Robert A Cordfunke, Irina Dragan, Allan Thompson, Jan Wouter Drijfhout, Peter A van Veelen, Hongbing Chen, Frits Koning
Wheat gluten confers superior baking quality to wheat based products but elicits a pro-inflammatory immune response in patients with celiac disease. Transamidation of gluten by microbial transglutaminase (mTG) and tissue transglutaminase (tTG) reduces the immunogenicity of gluten, however, little information is available on the minimal modification sufficient to eliminate gliadin immunogenicity nor has the effectiveness of transamidation been studied with T-cell clones from patients. Here we demonstrate that mTG can efficiently couple three different acyl-acceptor molecules, L-lysine, glycine ethyl ester and hydroxylamine, to gliadin peptides and protein...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769550/differences-in-gluten-protein-composition-between-old-and-modern-durum-wheat-genotypes-in-relation-to-20th-century-breeding-in-italy
#18
Michele A De Santis, Marcella M Giuliani, Luigia Giuzio, Pasquale De Vita, Alison Lovegrove, Peter R Shewry, Zina Flagella
The impact of breeding on grain yields of wheat varieties released during the 20th century has been extensively studied, whereas less information is available on the changes in gluten quality associated with effects on the amount and composition of glutenins and gliadins. In order to explore the effects of breeding during the 20th century on gluten quality of durum wheat for processing and health we have compared a set of old and modern Italian genotypes grown under Mediterranean conditions. The better technological performance observed for the modern varieties was found to be due not only to the introgression of superior alleles of high (HMW-GS) and low molecular weight (LMW-GS) glutenin subunits encoded at Glu-B1 and Glu-B3 loci, but also to differential expression of specific storage proteins...
July 2017: European Journal of Agronomy: the Journal of the European Society for Agronomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764899/clinical-features-etiologic-factors-associated-disorders-and-treatment-of-palmoplantar-pustulosis-the-mayo-clinic-experience-1996-2013
#19
Jeannette M Olazagasti, Janice E Ma, David A Wetter
OBJECTIVE: To further characterize clinical characteristics, etiologic factors, associated disorders, and treatment of palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with PPP at Mayo Clinic between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2013. RESULTS: Of 215 patients with PPP identified, 179 (83%) were female, and the mean age at onset was 45.3 years. Most patients (n=165, 77%) were current or former smokers...
July 29, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764003/fundamental-study-on-reactivities-of-gluten-protein-types-from-wheat-rye-and-barley-with-five-sandwich-elisa-test-kits
#20
Barbara Lexhaller, Christine Tompos, Katharina Anne Scherf
Monitoring the compliance of gluten-free foods to the regulatory threshold of 20mg/kg of gluten is essential for celiac disease patients. The different enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for gluten detection each have specific characteristics, but there are only a few systematic comparisons. This fundamental study compared the specificities and sensitivities of the R5, G12 and Skerritt monoclonal and two polyclonal antibodies to well-defined gluten protein types (GPT) isolated from wheat, rye and barley flours...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
1110
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"