keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personality disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036720/the-relationship-between-clinical-and-personal-recovery-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Robin Michael Van Eck, Thijs Jan Burger, Astrid Vellinga, Frederike Schirmbeck, Lieuwe de Haan
Patients describe experiencing personal recovery despite ongoing symptoms of psychosis. The aim of the current research was to perform a meta-analysis investigating the relationship between clinical and personal recovery in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. A comprehensive OvidSP database search was performed to identify relevant studies. Correlation coefficients of the relationship between clinical and personal recovery were retrieved from primary studies. Meta-analyses were performed, calculating mean weighted effect sizes for the association between clinical and personal recovery, hope, and empowerment...
July 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036439/do-brief-alcohol-interventions-among-unemployed-at-risk-drinkers-increase-re-employment-after-15-month
#2
Katja Haberecht, Sophie Baumann, Gallus Bischof, Beate Gaertner, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
Background: At-risk alcohol use is associated bi-directionally to unemployment, and decreases chances of re-employment. Brief alcohol interventions (BAI) can reduce at-risk alcohol use. This study aimed to investigate 15-month effects of BAI on unemployment among persons with at-risk alcohol use. Methods: As part of the randomized controlled 'Trial on proactive alcohol interventions among job-seekers, TOPAS', 1243 18- to 64-year-old job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies in Germany (2008/09), and randomized to (i) a stage tailored intervention based on the trans-theoretical model of intentional behavior change (ST), (ii) a non-stage tailored intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (NST) and (iii) assessment only (AO)...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036358/divergent-effects-of-oxytocin-on-para-limbic-reactivity-to-emotional-and-neutral-scenes-in-females-with-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Alexander Lischke, Sabine C Herpertz, Christoph Berger, Gregor Domes, Matthias Gamer
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients' hypersensitivity for emotionally relevant stimuli has been suggested be due to abnormal activity and connectivity in (para-)limbic and prefrontal brain regions during stimulus processing. The neuropeptide oxytocin has been shown to modulate activity and functional connectivity in these brain regions, thereby optimizing the processing of emotional and neutral stimuli. To investigate whether oxytocin would be capable of attenuating BPD patients' hypersensitivity for such stimuli, we recorded brain activity and gaze behavior during the processing of complex scenes in 51 females with and 48 without BPD after intranasal application of either oxytocin or placebo...
September 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036188/family-functioning-parenting-stress-and-quality-of-life-in-mothers-and-fathers-of-polish-children-with-high-functioning-autism-or-asperger-syndrome
#4
Ewa Pisula, Anna Porębowicz-Dörsmann
The aim of the study was to investigate the perception of the family functioning in parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) with normal-range intelligence and the relationships between family functioning, parenting stress and quality of life. Dyads of parents of children with ASD without intellectual disability and parents of typically developing children (controls) completed a set of self-report questionnaires. Parents of children with ASD reported lower functioning of the family as a whole and their own functioning as family members; they exhibited higher levels of parenting stress and lower quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035611/are-people-who-inject-drugs-frequent-users-of-emergency-department-services-a-cohort-study-2008-2013
#5
Dhanya Nambiar, Tim Spelman, Mark Stoové, Paul Dietze
BACKGROUND: Although people who inject drugs (PWID) have been described as frequent users of emergency services, the majority of research is cross-sectional and involves records from a single emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVES: We describe characteristics of state-wide ED presentations in a cohort of PWID, and compare presentation rates to the general population. We also examine characteristics associated with frequent ED use. METHODS: We used data from a retrospective linkage of public ED presentations from a cohort of 678 PWID between January 2008 and June 2013...
October 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035296/a-wireless-monitoring-system-using-a-tunneling-sensor-array-in-a-smart-oral-appliance-for-sleep-apnea-treatment
#6
Kun-Ying Yeh, Chao-Chi Yeh, Chun-Chang Wu, Kuan Tang, Jyun-Yi Wu, Yun-Ting Chen, Ming-Xin Xu, Yunn-Jy Chen, Yao-Joe Yang, Shey-Shi Lu
Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder, and the most common type is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Untreated OSA will cause lots of potential health problems. Oral appliance therapy is an effective and popular approach for OSA treatment, but making a perfect fit for each patient is time-consuming and decreases its efficiency considerably. This paper proposes a System-on-a-Chip (SoC) enabled sleep monitoring system in a smart oral appliance, which is capable of intelligently collecting the physiological data about tongue movement through the whole therapy...
October 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035064/two-subtypes-of-psychopathic-criminals-differ-in-negative-affect-and-history-of-childhood-abuse
#7
Monika Dargis, Michael Koenigs
OBJECTIVE: Specification of the etiological mechanisms underlying psychopathy is a key step in developing more effective methods for preventing and remediating the callous and impulsive behavior that characterizes the disorder. Theoretical conceptualizations of psychopathic subtypes propose that a primary variant largely stems from impoverished affect, whereas a secondary variant is hypothesized to develop subsequent to adverse environmental experiences (e.g., childhood maltreatment)...
October 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034964/hemispheric-asymmetry-of-the-frontolimbic-cortex-in-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Q Zhou, M Zhong, S Yao, X Jin, Y Liu, C Tan, X Zhu, J Yi
OBJECTIVE: Although the frontolimbic cortex has been implicated in borderline personality disorder (BPD), information about possible asymmetries in this region in patients with BPD is limited. This study aimed to examine whether frontolimbic cortex asymmetries differ between patients with BPD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The brains of 30 young adult patients with BPD and 32 healthy control subjects were scanned with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The participants completed self-report scales assessing impulsivity, affect intensity and other psychological variables...
October 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034695/what-is-the-clinical-significance-of-chronic-emptiness-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Daniel Elsner, Jillian H Broadbear, Sathya Rao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the clinical significance of the experience of chronic emptiness in borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE and PubMed, employing search terms including 'emptiness', 'personality disorder' and 'borderline personality disorder'. The most relevant English-language articles and books were selected for this review. RESULTS: Published literature and clinical experience suggest that chronic emptiness represents a substantial component of the symptom burden experienced by people with BPD, contributes to functional impairment and may distinguish BPD from other disorders such as major depressive disorder...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034599/process-and-impact-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-of-clients-with-a-diagnosis-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034464/stigma-expressed-emotion-and-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-dementia
#11
Amy Weisman de Mamani, Marc J Weintraub, Jessica Maura, Ana Martinez de Andino, Caitlin A Brown
Expressed emotion (EE) is a measure of a caregiver's critical and emotionally overinvolved (EOI; e.g., intrusive, self-sacrificing) attitudes and behaviors toward a person with a mental illness. Mounting evidence indicates that high levels of these critical and EOI attitudes and behaviors (collectively termed high EE) in family members are associated with a poorer course of illness for people with a range of disorders, including dementia (Nomura et al., 2005). However, less is known about factors that might trigger high EE and how high EE might impact dementia caregivers' own mental health...
October 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034144/exercise-treatments-for-psychosis-a-review
#12
Vijay A Mittal, Teresa Vargas, K Juston Osborne, Derek Dean, Tina Gupta, Ivanka Ristanovic, Christine I Hooker, Stewart A Shankman
Schizophrenia is a devastating mental illness that has profound effects on a person's health and quality of life. Exercise represents a promising new treatment option that may supplement current psychosocial and pharmacological interventions for psychosis. A large body of work suggests that exercise can improve cardio-metabolic and health behavior and facilitate neurogenesis in areas of the brain that are notably impacted by psychosis. Recent efforts to incorporate exercise as either stand-alone or adjunctive treatment for individuals with schizophrenia range from yoga and light stretching to moderately intense walking, bike riding, or team sports...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034083/the-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-counseling-on-anxiety-in-the-mothers-of-infants-in-the-nicu-%C3%A2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Massumeh Koochaki, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Sara Esmaelzadeh-Saeieh, Kourosh Kabir, Maryam Tehranizadeh, Mahrokh Dolatian
Background: Pressures and tensions in everyone's life can cause a wide range of mental disorders such as anxiety. One of these tensions is the birth of a baby who requires special care, which can cause personal and social problems for the mother if no appropriate measures are taken to help them. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of cognitive-behavioral counseling on anxiety in the mothers of infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods: This randomized controlled trial recruited 90 women presenting to Kowsar Hospital in Qazvin in 2016...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034075/structural-brain-abnormalities-in-12-persons-with-aniridia
#14
Madison K Grant, Anastasia M Bobilev, Jordan E Pierce, Jon DeWitte, James D Lauderdale
Background: Aniridia is a disorder predominately caused by heterozygous loss-of-function mutations of the PAX6 gene, which is a transcriptional regulator necessary for normal eye and brain development.  The ocular abnormalities of aniridia have been well characterized, but mounting evidence has implicated brain-related phenotypes as a prominent feature of this disorder as well.  Investigations using neuroimaging in aniridia patients have shown reductions in discrete brain structures and changes in global grey and white matter...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034064/personalized-therapy-against-preeclampsia-by-replenishing-placental-protein-13-pp13-targeted-to-patients-with-impaired-pp13-molecule-or-function
#15
REVIEW
Hamutal Meiri, George Osol, Irene Cetin, Sveinbjörn Gizurarson, Berthold Huppertz
Hypertensive disorders affect about one third of all people aged 20 and above, and are treated with anti-hypertensive drugs. Preeclampsia (PE) is one form of such disorders that only develops during pregnancy. It affects ten million pregnant women globally and additionally causes fetal loss and major newborn disabilities. The syndrome's origin is multifactorial, and anti-hypertensive drugs are ineffective in treating it. Biomarkers are helpful for predict its development. Generic drugs, such as low dose aspirin, were proven effective in preventing preterm PE...
2017: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033855/implicit-recognition-of-familiar-and-unfamiliar-faces-in-schizophrenia-a-study-of-the-skin-conductance-response-in-familiarity-disorders
#16
Aurely Ameller, Aline Picard, Fabien D'Hondt, Guillaume Vaiva, Pierre Thomas, Delphine Pins
OBJECTIVE: Familiarity is a subjective sensation that contributes to person recognition. This process is described as an emotion-based memory-trace of previous meetings and could be disrupted in schizophrenia. Consequently, familiarity disorders could be involved in the impaired social interactions observed in patients with schizophrenia. Previous studies have primarily focused on famous people recognition. Our aim was to identify underlying features, such as emotional disturbances, that may contribute to familiarity disorders in schizophrenia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033635/evaluation-of-5-httlpr-gene-polymorphism-and-resilience-components-on-the-development-of-psychopathology-in-adolescent-sexual-abuse-cases
#17
Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, İlter Güney, Pınar Gültepe
INTRODUCTION: More than one-fourth adolescents are exposed to unexpected frightening experiences and traumas until adulthood. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphism regarding resilience factors in the symptom variability of individuals exposed to sexual abuse. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years, who were admitted to the Marmara University Child Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic Forensic division with sexual abuse experience history, were informed about the research, and volunteers were included in the study...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033278/different-profiles-of-upper-limb-function-in-four-types-of-neuromuscular-disorders
#18
Arjen Bergsma, Mariska M H P Janssen, Alexander C H Geurts, Edith H C Cup, Imelda J M de Groot
The aim of this research was to study impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions due to upper limb involvement in people with four different types of neuromuscular disorders (NMD) - FacioScapuloHumeral Dystrophy (FSHD), Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy (LGMD), Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) - and to investigate whether common or different profiles could be identified. Total of 267 respondents with NMD from the Netherlands answered a set of questionnaires covering upper limb impairments (pain and stiffness), activity limitations and participation restrictions...
September 15, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033252/impact-of-prior-icu-experience-on-icu-patient-family-members-psychological-distress-a-descriptive-study
#19
Chrystal L Lewis, Jessica Z Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine if current levels of anxiety, depression and acute stress disorder symptoms differ significantly among family members of intensive-care-unit patients depending upon previous intensive-care experience. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study used a prospective, descriptive study design. SETTING: Family members (N=127) from patients admitted within a 72-hour timeframe to the medical, surgical, cardiac and neurological intensive care units were recruited from waiting rooms at a medium-sized community hospital in the Southeastern United States...
October 12, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033100/oxytocin-receptors-oxtr-and-early-parental-care-an-interaction-that-modulates-psychiatric-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Ilaria Cataldo, Atiqah Azhari, Bruno Lepri, Gianluca Esposito
Oxytocin plays an important role in the modulation of social behavior in both typical and atypical contexts. Also, the quality of early parental care sets the foundation for long-term psychosocial development. Here, we review studies that investigated how oxytocin receptor (OXTR) interacts with early parental care experiences to influence the development of psychiatric disorders. Using Pubmed, Scopus and PsycInfo databases, we utilized the keyword "OXTR" before subsequently searching for specific OXTR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), generating a list of 598 studies in total...
October 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
keyword
keyword
111
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"