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Chronic Disease Prevention Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099398/utilizing-a-novel-mobile-health-selfie-application-to-improve-compliance-to-iron-chelation-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-chronic-transfusions
#1
Sarah Leonard, Lindsay M Anderson, Jude Jonassaint, Charles Jonassaint, Nirmish Shah
Iron chelation therapy can prevent iron overload for pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia major; however, adherence is suboptimal. Therefore, we developed an intensive training program (ITP), to improve medication management and disease knowledge. The objectives were to determine feasibility of the ITP and its preliminary impact on adherence, disease knowledge, and health outcomes. Pediatric patients were recruited to participate in the ITP over a 90-day period and were followed for 6 months...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097095/limited-knowledge-of-acetaminophen-in-patients-with-liver-disease
#2
Sammy Saab, Peter G Konyn, Matthew R Viramontes, Melissa A Jimenez, Jonathan F Grotts, Wally Hamidzadah, Veronica P Dang, Negin L Esmailzadeh, Gina Choi, Francisco A Durazo, Mohamed M El-Kabany, Steven-Huy B Han, Myron J Tong
Background and Aims: Unintentional acetaminophen overdose remains the leading cause of acute liver failure in the United States. Patients with underlying liver disease are at higher risk of poor outcomes from acetaminophen overdose. Limited knowledge of acetaminophen may be a preventable contributor to elevated rates of overdose and thus acute liver failure. The purpose of this study is to assess knowledge of acetaminophen dosing and presence of acetaminophen in common combination products in patients with liver disease...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095816/awareness-and-knowledge-among-internal-medicine-house-staff-for-dose-adjustment-of-commonly-used-medications-in-patients-with-ckd
#3
Sikander Surana, Neeru Kumar, Amita Vasudeva, Gulvahid Shaikh, Kenar D Jhaveri, Hitesh Shah, Deepa Malieckal, Joshua Fogel, Gurwinder Sidhu, Sofia Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Drug dosing errors result in adverse patient outcomes and are more common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). As internists treat the majority of patients with CKD, we study if Internal Medicine house-staff have awareness and knowledge about the correct dosage of commonly used medications for those with CKD. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed and included 341 participants. The outcomes were the awareness of whether a medication needs dose adjustment in patients with CKD and whether there was knowledge for the level of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) a medication needs to be adjusted...
January 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#4
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#5
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064379/investigating-social-inequalities-in-older-adults-dentition-and-the-role-of-dental-service-use-in-14-european-countries
#6
Jing Shen, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: Oral disease, despite being largely preventable, remains the most common chronic disease worldwide and has a significant negative impact on quality of life, particularly among older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first to comprehensively and at a large scale (14 European countries) measure the social inequalities in the number of natural teeth (an informative oral health marker) in the over 50-year-old population and to investigate the extent to which such inequalities are attributable to dental service use...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057203/expanding-public-health-in-china-an-empirical-analysis-of-healthcare-inputs-and-outputs
#7
F Deng, J H Lv, H L Wang, J M Gao, Z L Zhou
OBJECTIVES: The Chinese Government claims that China's health policy is primarily focused on prevention. However, this does not appear to be the case. Researchers with an interest in China's health policy may be aware that the Chinese Government launched a health reform in 2009 to improve the health status of the entire population by 2020.(1) This health reform has been in place for 7 years, and only 4 years now remain to achieve the overall objectives by 2020. This study analyzed the main inputs and outputs of China's health reform in order to identify the main problems and highlight the major challenges...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057131/-interaction-between-smoking-and-indoor-air-pollution-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases
#8
D X Pan, Y J Qian, C M Wang, Y Guo, Z Bian, K X Xie, L L Chen, Y D Zhang, Q Y Li
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Tongxiang, Zhejiang province, and analyze the interaction between smoking and indoor air pollution on COPD. Methods: Townships of Chongfu, Zhouquan, Gaoqiao, Shimen, Wuzhen were randomly selected from Tongxiang. All the local people aged 30-79 years were asked to receive questionnaire survey, physical examination and pulmonary function testing. FEV1max/FVC max≤0.7 was the criterion of COPD diagnosis. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between smoking/indoor air pollution and COPD, multiplied interaction between smoking and indoor air pollution was evaluated, Excel table prepared by Andersson et al...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056873/chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-factor-prevalence-in-saint-kitts-and-nevis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Deidra C Crews, Kirk N Campbell, Yang Liu, Odell Bussue, Ingrid Dawkins, Bessie A Young
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in St. Kitts and Nevis, islands of the West Indies, is unknown. We sought to determine estimates of CKD and its risk factors (e.g. diabetes, hypertension and obesity) in St. Kitts and Nevis. METHODS: This was a chronic disease screening program. Three community-based locations in St. Kitts and Nevis were included in the program. Participants were adult community residents aged ≥18 years. The main outcome measures were estimated CKD prevalence (by serum creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and dipstick urine albumin); and estimated prevalence of CKD risk factors (diabetes, hypertension and obesity)...
January 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053845/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-among-nonsmokers-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#10
Heeyoung Oh, Ye-Eun Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of COPD among non-smoking adults, and to investigate the risk factors that affect disease occurrence. METHODS: The data from the 5th Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHNES) has been used, and 5,489 non-smoking adults aged between 40 to 79 years with diagnosable FEV1/FVC were selected therefrom as the subjects of this study. RESULTS: The prevalence of COPD in non-smokers was observed to be 6...
December 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045805/predictors-of-depression-and-musculoskeletal-disorder-related-work-disability-among-young-middle-aged-and-aging-employees
#11
Jenni Ervasti, Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Matti Joensuu, Jaana Pentti, Tea Lallukka, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level and predictors of work disability in different age groups. METHODS: We followed young (18 to 34 years), middle-aged (35 to 50 years), and aging (>50 years) employees (n = 70,417) for 7 years (2005 to 2011) for all-cause and cause-specific work disability (sickness absence and disability pension). Using negative binomial regression, we obtained both relative risk estimates and absolute rates, that is, days of work disability per person-year...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038892/poor-sleep-quality-is-associated-with-greater-circulating-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-severity-and-frequency-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-symptoms-in-women
#12
Sara F Milrad, Daniel L Hall, Devika R Jutagir, Emily G Lattie, Gail H Ironson, William Wohlgemuth, Maria Vera Nunez, Lina Garcia, Sara J Czaja, Dolores M Perdomo, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Michael H Antoni
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep quality has been linked to inflammatory processes and worse disease outcomes in the context of many chronic illnesses, but less is known in conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). This study examines the relationships between sleep quality, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and CFS/ME symptoms. METHODS: Sixty women diagnosed with CFS/ME were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Fatigue Symptom Inventory (FSI) and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-based CFS/ME symptom questionnaires...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038487/-the-role-and-contribution-of-chief-physician-matija-perak-1914%C3%A2-1992-to-the-foundation-and-development-of-phtisiology-in-petrinja-1946%C3%A2-1978
#13
Boris Vrga
The study shows the contribution of Matija Perak to the development of phthisiological service in Petrinja and the suppression of TB in the Sisak - Banija region in the period from 1946 to 1978. Having obtained data from the archive documents, it was possible to reconstruct his curative and preventive activities in the suppression of morbidity and mortality from TB in the Sisak - Banija region. His organizational and managerial, professional-scientific and publicistic work is highlighted, as well as his role in the reorientation of the profession towards chronic non-TB diseases and the education of new generations of phthisiologists in Petrinja...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031192/identifying-biomarkers-of-dietary-patterns-by-using-metabolomics
#14
Mary C Playdon, Steven C Moore, Andriy Derkach, Jill Reedy, Amy F Subar, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes, Fangyi Gu, Jukka Kontto, Camille Lassale, Linda M Liao, Satu Männistö, Alison M Mondul, Stephanie J Weinstein, Melinda L Irwin, Susan T Mayne, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary patterns that conform to national dietary guidelines are related to lower chronic disease incidence and longer life span. However, the precise mechanisms involved are unclear. Identifying biomarkers of dietary patterns may provide tools to validate diet quality measurement and determine underlying metabolic pathways influenced by diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the correlation of 4 diet quality indexes [the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2010, the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score (aMED), the WHO Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and the Baltic Sea Diet (BSD)] with serum metabolites...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024831/impact-of-a-comprehensive-intervention-to-families-with-teenage-sons-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-case-report
#15
Alma Delia Laguna-Alcaraz, Oliva Mejía-Rodríguez, Ana Luisa Rendón-Paredes, Rafael Villa-Barajas, Ramón Paniagua
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in adolescence is a public health problem and a risk factor for chronic noncommunicable diseases. To prevent further diseases, preventive interventions are needed, including educational programmes, addressed in a primary care setting, that include the whole family. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive intervention, targeting families with teenage sons with overweight and obesity, in the lifestyle, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome in a primary care setting...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018871/integration-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-management-services-into-primary-care-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-pr1mac
#16
Martin Fortin, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Marie-France Dubois, Martin Bélanger, José Almirall, Tarek Bouhali, Maxime Sasseville
BACKGROUND: Chronic disease prevention and management programs are usually single-disease oriented. Our objective was to evaluate an intervention that targeted multiple chronic conditions and risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic randomized controlled trial involving patients aged 18-75 years with at least 1 of the targeted chronic conditions or risk factors from 8 primary care practices in the Saguenay region of Quebec, Canada, to evaluate an intervention that included self-management support and patient-centred motivational approaches...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017910/nutrition-knowledge-and-mediterranean-diet-adherence-in-the-southeast-united-states-validation-of-a-field-based-survey-instrument
#17
Mary Rose Bottcher, Patricia Z Marincic, Katie L Nahay, Brittany E Baerlocher, Amy W Willis, Jieun Park, Philippe Gaillard, Michael W Greene
The Mediterranean diet (MD) can reduce chronic disease risk and is a recommended diet for prevention and management of diabetes. Adherence to the MD in the southeast United States where obesity and diabetes are highly prevalent is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to: 1) construct a survey instrument relevant to the general population integrating both MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence questions from previously validated instruments, and 2) assess MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence in a sample population in the southest United States...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010887/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#18
EDITORIAL
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan L Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic. Obesity is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset chronic kidney disease, and also for nephrolithiasis and for kidney cancer. This year the World Kidney Day promotes education on the harmful consequences of obesity and its association with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and health policy measures that make preventive behaviors an affordable option.
February 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#19
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#20
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
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