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Chronic Disease Prevention Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#1
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343463/the-impact-of-mhealth-interventions-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#2
REVIEW
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318512/health-status-of-older-cancer-survivors-results-of-the-polsenior-study
#3
Joanna Sulicka, Agnieszka Pac, Monika Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Jerzy Chudek, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Anna Skalska, Andrzej Więcek, Tomasz Grodzicki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to characterize health status of older cancer survivors using data from the population-based PolSenior study. METHODS: We compared cancer survivors and non-cancer subjects according to comorbidities, functional status, mental health, and sociodemographic factors. RESULTS: There were 286 (5.8%) cancer survivors in a population of 4943 adults aged 65 years and older. The mean age of cancer survivors was 79...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306109/healthy-people-2020-assessment-of-pharmacists-priorities
#4
L J Woodard, A A Kahaleh, J D Nash, H Truong, H Gogineni, C Barbosa-Leiker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions of pharmacy educators on the priorities and roles of pharmacists in meeting the Healthy People 2020 objectives. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, qualitative online national survey. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review identified documented roles and responsibilities of pharmacists in addressing the 42 topic areas in Healthy People 2020. From this, a 14-item survey was developed to identify priorities of categories to improve the health of the nation and importance of the pharmacist role to achieve the objectives...
January 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287838/diabetes-and-complications-of-the-heart-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-urgent-need-for-improved-awareness-diagnostics-and-management
#5
REVIEW
Nadezhda Glezeva, Master Chisale, Kenneth McDonald, Mark Ledwidge, Joe Gallagher, Chris J Watson
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is no longer a disease of high income countries but a global health pandemic. With the continued and rapid increase in its prevalence worldwide it is forecasted that diabetes will be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. A major concern stems from its role in development and progression of cardiovascular disease, including cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Within low- and middle-income areas such as Sub-Saharan Africa the burden of diabetes is already significant driven by many factors, including, socioeconomic (urbanisation), nutritional (high-calorie "western-diet", obesity) and lifestyle (physical inactivity) changes...
December 26, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283670/home-based-physical-activity-coaching-physical-activity-and-healthcare-utilization-in-copd-copd-smart-secondary-outcomes
#6
David B Coultas, Bradford E Jackson, Rennie Russo, Jennifer Peoples, Karan P Singh, John Sloan, Minyong Uhm, Jamile A Ashmore, Steven N Blair, Sejong Bae
RATIONALE: Physical inactivity among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with exacerbations requiring high-cost healthcare utilization including urgent, emergent, and hospital care. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a behavioral lifestyle physical activity intervention combined with COPD self-management education to prevent high-cost healthcare utilization. METHODS: This was an analysis of secondary outcomes of the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Self-Management Activation Research Trial, a two-arm randomized trial of stable adult outpatients with COPD recruited from primary care and pulmonary clinics...
December 28, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278971/prevention-strategies-against-hiv-transmission-a-proactive-approach
#7
Antonio J Carrion, Jovan D Miles, Juan F Mosley, Lillian L Smith, April S Prather, Marcus M Gurley, Linh D Phan, Emily C Everton
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has now transformed into a manageable chronic condition. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has proven efficacious at controlling the disease progression. Based on compelling evidence, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) developed guidelines for the management of persons infected with HIV. However, there are approximately 50 000 new cases of HIV in the United States each year. In this article, we review proactive methods to reduce the transmission of HIV, which include reinforcing patient education, gel-coated condoms that destroy HIV, HIV vaccinations, and adequately utilizing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246226/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-koreans-aged-over-50-years-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Kyoung Min Kwon, Jung Soo Lee, Na Eun Jeon, Yeo Hyung Kim
BACKGROUND: To evaluate and analyse the factors associated with health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in the Korean population aged 50 years and older. METHODS: We used data obtained from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV-V) 2007-2012, a national, cross-sectional health examination and survey, for which representative data on the health, nutritional status, and physical activities of the Korean general population are collected by the Korea Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC)...
December 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243879/the-effects-of-smoking-on-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-inflammation-markers-a-case-control-study
#9
Merve Guzeldulger Ugur, Ruhusen Kutlu, Ibrahim Kilinc
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term poor airflow. Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD. In this study, we aimed to assess thevasculerendothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inflammation markers on smokers and non-smoking individuals. METHODS: Our study was a case-control study and 175 individuals who want to give up smoking constituted the case group. As a control group, 175 individuals who never smoked...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242108/a-multi-level-intervention-in-worksites-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-access-and-intake-rationale-design-and-methods-of-the-good-to-go-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Patricia M Risica, Gemma Gorham, Laura Dionne, William Nardi, Doug Ng, Reese Middler, Jennifer Mello, Rahmet Akpolat, Katelyn Gettens, Kim M Gans
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important contributor to chronic disease prevention. However, most Americans do not eat adequate amounts. The worksite is an advantageous setting to reach large, diverse segments of the population with interventions to increase F&V intake, but research gaps exist. No studies have evaluated the implementation of mobile F&V markets at worksites nor compared the effectiveness of such markets with or without nutrition education. METHODS: This paper describes the protocol for Good to Go (GTG), a cluster randomized trial to evaluate F&V intake change in employees from worksites randomized into three experimental arms: discount, fresh F&V markets (Access Only arm); markets plus educational components including campaigns, cooking demonstrations, videos, newsletters, and a web site (Access Plus arm); and an attention placebo comparison intervention on physical activity and stress reduction (Comparison)...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241506/quality-of-life-and-self-care-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-the-effect-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-health-educational-intervention
#11
Yi-Qin Sun, An-Li Jiang, San-Mei Chen, Hui Li, Hai-Yan Xing, Fang Wang
AIMS: To explore the effects of a Traditional Chinese Medicine health educational intervention on the quality of life and self-care agency of elderly patients living with chronic cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The secondary prevention and treatment for chronic cardiovascular disease emphasize the importance of lifestyle modification. However, behavior-changing is difficult and individual choices are influenced by broader environmental factors...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240516/association-between-duration-of-reproductive-years-and-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Yon Chul Park, Tae Sic Lee, Hee-Taik Kang, Eun Suk Cho, Jai Soon Kim, Yoo Jung Hwang, Jong-Koo Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has gradually increased in recent years. MetS has been associated with age at menarche and menopause; however, the association between MetS and the reproductive span remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined MetS and the reproductive span among 1,214 participants of the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, a stratified, complex, multistage, probability cluster survey conducted by the Division of Chronic Disease Surveillance of the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention since 1998...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237585/evaluating-the-dental-caries-related-information-on-brazilian-websites-qualitative-study
#13
Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Melina Martins Coelho, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common chronic oral disease, affecting 2.4 billion people worldwide who on average have 2.11 decayed, missing, or filled teeth. It impacts the quality of life of patients, socially and economically. However, the comprehension of dental caries may be difficult for most people, as it involves a multifactorial etiology with the interplay between the tooth surface, the dental biofilm, dietary fermentable carbohydrates, and genetic and behavioral factors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228947/estimating-prevalence-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-southern-cone-of-latin-america-how-different-spirometric-criteria-may-affect-disease-burden-and-health-policies
#14
Edgardo Sobrino, Vilma E Irazola, Laura Gutierrez, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Fernando Lanas, Matías Calandrelli, Jacqueline Ponzo, Nora Mores, Pamela Serón, Allison Lee, Jiang He, Adolfo L Rubinstein
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. The study aimed to determine and compare the prevalence of COPD in the general population aged 45-74 years old according to fixed ratio and lower limit of normal (LLN) thresholds in four cities in the Southern Cone of Latin America. METHODS: The Pulmonary Risk in South America (PRISA) study used a 4-stage stratified sampling method to select 5814 participants from 4 cities in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Bariloche and Marcos Paz, Argentina; Temuco, Chile; and Pando-Barros Blancos, Uruguay)...
December 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226870/alzheimer-s-disease-progression-factors-influencing-cognitive-decline
#15
Camilla Ferrari, Gemma Lombardi, Cristina Polito, Giulia Lucidi, Silvia Bagnoli, Irene Piaceri, Benedetta Nacmias, Valentina Berti, Debora Rizzuto, Laura Fratiglioni, Sandro Sorbi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients present high variability in the rate of cognitive decline. Despite the wide knowledge on factors influencing dementia risk, little is known on what accounts for AD progression. Previous studies on this topic have mainly analyzed each factor separately without taking into account the interaction between genetic and non-genetic factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of demographic, clinical, therapeutic, and genetic factors and their interaction on cognitive decline among newly diagnosed AD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#16
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222290/chronic-organ-failure-in-adult-sickle-cell-disease
#17
REVIEW
Elliott Vichinsky
Sickle cell disease is now a chronic adult illness characterized by progressive multiorgan failure, particularly involving the brain and kidney. The etiology is multifactorial; it includes hemolysis and nitric oxide deficiency. As patients age, most experience neurologic insult. Twenty-five percent of older adults have had a clinical stroke and at least half of the population have had a silent infarct, cortical atrophy, and neurocognitive impairment. Periodic screening with neuroimaging and neurocognitive testing is recommended...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221436/prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults-in-luxembourg-evidence-from-the-observation-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-oriscav-lux-study
#18
Ala'a Alkerwi, Nicolas Sauvageot, Illiasse El Bahi, Charles Delagardelle, Jean Beissel, Stephanie Noppe, Paul J Roderick, Jennifer S Mindell, Saverio Stranges
BACKGROUND: Evidence on stages of renal impairment and related risk factors in Luxembourg is lacking. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify potential correlates among the general population, using the recent definition suggested by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. METHODS: Data analysed from 1361 participants aged 18-69 years, enrolled in the Observation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg (ORISCAV-LUX) study, 2007-08...
December 8, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218067/perceived-age-and-life-style-the-specific-contributions-of-seven-factors-involved-in-health-and-beauty
#19
Victor Gabriel Clatici, Daniel Racoceanu, Claude Dalle, Cristiana Voicu, Lucia Tomas-Aragones, Servando E Marron, Uwe Wollina, Simona Fica
OBJECTIVES: The skin is a dynamic, visible organ, showing the most obvious signs of aging. The mechanisms of extrinsic aging, most of them presented in this paper, are currently well known and also the only ones that can be counteracted. Therefore, the transition of this knowledge in the general population is of the most importance, in order to introduce healthy aging strategies, to prevent the development of chronic or malignant diseases and psychological burden related to old age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough review of the literature has been performed in order to identify the main factors involved in skin health and aging...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216816/acute-kidney-injury-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-investigations-management-and-prevention
#20
Mohamed B Abdelraheem
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a relatively common condition, encountered in everyday paediatric clinical practice. It is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children both inside and outside intensive care units. It is associated with prolonged hospital stay and progression to chronic kidney disease. The burden of AKI is particularly high in low- and middle-income countries where rural areas and smaller cities in the countryside predominate. Most of these areas suffer from poverty, poor sanitation, water quality and hygiene, lack of education and poor access to health care...
November 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
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