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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907093/mangrove-crab-ucides-cordatus-removal-does-not-affect-sediment-parameters-and-stipule-production-in-a-one-year-experiment-in-northern-brazil
#1
Nathalie Pülmanns, Ulf Mehlig, Inga Nordhaus, Ulrich Saint-Paul, Karen Diele
Mangrove crabs influence ecosystem processes through bioturbation and/or litter feeding. In Brazilian mangroves, the abundant and commercially important crab Ucides cordatus is the main faunal modifier of microtopography establishing up to 2 m deep burrows. They process more than 70% of the leaf litter and propagule production, thus promoting microbial degradation of detritus and benefiting microbe-feeding fiddler crabs. The accelerated nutrient turn-over and increased sediment oxygenation mediated by U. cordatus may enhance mangrove tree growth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#2
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
November 28, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898549/hypertensive-crisis-during-norepinephrine-syringe-exchange
#3
Roland A Snijder, Johannes T A Knape, Toine C G Egberts, Annemoon M D E Timmerman
A 67-year critically ill patient suffered from a hypertensive crisis (200 mm Hg) because of a norepinephrine overdose. The overdose occurred when the clinician exchanged an almost-empty syringe and the syringe pump repeatedly reported an error. We hypothesized that an object between the plunger and the syringe driver may have caused the exertion of too much force on the syringe. Testing this hypothesis in vitro showed significant peak dosing errors (up to +572%) but moderate overdose (0.07 mL, +225%) if a clamp was used on the intravenous infusion line and a large overdose (0...
November 28, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851673/shoulder-injuries-in-commercial-truck-drivers-a-literature-review
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851672/shoulder-injuries-in-commercial-truck-drivers-a-literature-review
#5
Bryan Combs, Karen Heaton
Musculoskeletal injuries in the occupational setting have significant impact on the worker, employer, and healthcare system. The commercial truck driver (CTD) experiences some of the highest rates of injury, missed days of work, and workers' compensation costs compared with other workers. In this population, the back is most commonly affected whereas shoulder injuries are the second but require 5 times more days away from work. Commercial truck drivers are significantly impacted by shoulder injuries; however, little is known about the unique mechanisms of injury, specific injuries, or possible preventative measures among this group of workers...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836050/biosecurity-and-the-management-of-emergency-animal-disease-among-commercial-beef-producers-in-new-south-wales-and-queensland-australia
#6
M Hernández-Jover, V Higgins, M Bryant, L Rast, C McShane
Australia places great importance on the prevention and management of emergency animal diseases (EAD), with strict quarantine measures offshore and at the border. Livestock producers are crucial for disease control onshore; however, limited information is available on commercial livestock producers' practices in relation to the management of disease risks. The aims of this paper are to investigate how commercial beef producers in Australia's Northern and Southern beef zones manage EADs and to identify drivers for effective biosecurity and EAD prevention...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835688/edaphic-selection-pressures-as-drivers-of-contrasting-white-spruce-ectomycorrhizal-fungal-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-canadian-boreal-forest-of-abitibi-t%C3%A3-miscamingue-region
#7
Martin B Nadeau, Damase P Khasa
Little is known about edaphic selection pressures as drivers of contrasting white spruce ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure and diversity in the Canadian boreal forest. We hypothesized that community composition differs among the four sites sampled-nursery, mining site, forest edge, and natural forest. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal community structure and diversity was studied at the four locations with soil fertility gradient through morpho-molecular and phylogenetic analyses in relationships with rhizospheric soil chemical properties...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809609/evaluation-of-an-investigational-wearable-injector-in-healthy-human-volunteers
#8
Marc C Torjman, Robert Machnicki, Jennifer Lessin, Channy Loeum, Douglas Steinberger, Sarah Mycroft, Jeffrey I Joseph
OBJECTIVES: Introduction of a wearable device for subcutaneous delivery of larger volume bolus injections would encourage patient compliance and reduce the burden on healthcare services. With one such wearable device commercially available, this study examined the safety and functionality of an investigational device in volunteers. METHODS: Four devices were applied to the subject's abdomen: 1) Investigational Device, 2) Investigational Device: subject movement, 3) Control Device: FDA-cleared syringe driver with FDA-cleared infusion set, 4) Control Device: FDA-cleared syringe driver attached to investigational device...
November 4, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794407/diagnostic-algorithm-for-detection-of-targetable-driver-mutations-in-lung-adenocarcinomas-comprehensive-analyses-of-205-cases-with-immunohistochemistry-real-time-pcr-and-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-methods
#9
Hua-Lin Kao, Yi-Chen Yeh, Chin-Hsuan Lin, Wei-Fang Hsu, Wen-Yu Hsieh, Hsiang-Ling Ho, Teh-Ying Chou
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of the targetable driver mutations is now recommended in all patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Molecular-based methods are usually adopted, however, along with the implementation of highly sensitive and/or mutation-specific antibodies, immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been considered an alternative method for identifying driver mutations in lung adenocarcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 205 lung adenocarcinomas were examined for EGFR mutations and ALK and ROS1 rearrangements using real-time PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and IHC in parallel...
November 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792128/horse-injury-during-non-commercial-transport-findings-from-researcher-assisted-intercept-surveys-at-southeastern-australian-equestrian-events
#10
Christopher B Riley, Belinda R Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson
Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting horses to 12 equestrian events in southeastern Australia. Data collected encompassed driver demographics, travel practice, vehicle characteristics, and incidents involving horse injury. Approximately 25% (55/223) of participants reported that their horses were injured during transportation...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785360/development-and-interval-testing-of-a-naturalistic-driving-methodology-to-evaluate-driving-behavior-in-clinical-research
#11
Ganesh M Babulal, Aaron Addison, Nupur Ghoshal, Sarah H Stout, Elizabeth K Vernon, Mark Sellan, Catherine M Roe
Background: The number of older adults in the United States will double by 2056. Additionally, the number of licensed drivers will increase along with extended driving-life expectancy. Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury and death in older adults. Alzheimer's disease (AD) also negatively impacts driving ability and increases crash risk. Conventional methods to evaluate driving ability are limited in predicting decline among older adults. Innovations in GPS hardware and software can monitor driving behavior in the actual environments people drive in...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762892/evaluating-the-past-present-and-future-of-regenerative-medicine-a-global-view
#12
Vincent Ronfard, Alain A Vertès, Michael H May, Anne Dupraz, Mark E van Dyke, Yves Bayon
"Evaluating the Past and Present of Regenerative Medicine (RM)" was the first part of an Industry Symposium dedicated to the subject during the 2015 TERMIS World Congress in Boston. This working session presented a critical review of the current RM landscape in Europe and North America with possible projections for the future. Interestingly, the RM development cycle seems to obey the Gartner hype cycle, now at the enlightenment phase, after past exaggerated expectations and discouragements, as suggested by increasing numbers of clinical trials and recent market approvals of RM solutions in both Europe (Glybera and Holoclar(®) from Chiesi Pharma and Strimvelis(®) from GSK) and Japan (Remestemcel-L from Mesoblast(®))...
November 21, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748141/seatbelt-use-among-drivers-in-an-urban-city-in-nigeria-an-observational-study
#13
Kenneth Amaechi Agu, Vincent Chidi Enemuo, Linda Oge Okoye, Okechukwu Onwuasoigwe
Studies from parts of Nigeria reported low compliance with seatbelt. This study sought to establish driver seatbelt use in Enugu, Nigeria by gender, vehicle type/use and time of day. Observations were done day and night at randomly selected locations. Data were analysed with SPSS version 15. Differences in response were checked with chi-square for trend. Confidence interval was 95% and P value < 0.05 was regarded as significant. Average compliance was 37.6% for the 510 males (85%) and 90 females (15%) observed...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746214/is-portion-size-selection-associated-with-expected-satiation-perceived-healthfulness-or-expected-tastiness-a-case-study-on-pizza-using-a-photograph-based-computer-task
#14
D Labbe, A Rytz, N Godinot, A Ferrage, N Martin
Increasing portion sizes over the last 30 years are considered to be one of the factors underlying overconsumption. Past research on the drivers of portion selection for foods showed that larger portions are selected for foods delivering low expected satiation. However, the respective contribution of expected satiation vs. two other potential drivers of portion size selection, i.e. perceived healthfulness and expected tastiness, has never been explored. In this study, we conjointly explored the role of expected satiation, perceived healthfulness and expected tastiness when selecting portions within a range of six commercial pizzas varying in their toppings and brands...
October 13, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741360/consumer-acceptability-of-fresh-market-muscadine-grapes
#15
Kelly Brown, Charles Sims, Asli Odabasi, Linda Bartoshuk, Patrick Conner, Dennis Gray
The objective of this research was to investigate the acceptability of muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia) genotypes (cultivars and selections) and to correlate overall liking to other quality measurements to determine the main drivers of liking. Twenty-two genotypes grown at the Univ. of Georgia-Tifton Campus were evaluated. Four retail commercial grape genotypes (Vitis vinifera and "Concord") were also evaluated for comparison. Panelists familiar with muscadine grapes used the hedonic general labeled magnitude scale (HgLMS, -100 = strongest disliking of any kind ever experienced, +100 = strongest liking of any kind ever experienced) to rate overall liking and the liking of appearance, flavor, pulp texture, and skin texture...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738463/acute-aortic-dissection-occurring-behind-the-wheel-report-of-11-cases
#16
Takamichi Yoshizaki, Naoyuki Kimura, Tomoyasu Hirano, Atsushi Yamaguchi, Hideo Adachi
We investigated the clinical picture of non-traumatic acute aortic dissection (AAD) occurring behind the wheel. Between 1990 and 2014, AAD had occurred in 11 patients while driving (nine men, mean age; 58.3 years, seven commercial drivers). The symptoms included chest and/or back pain (n = 9) and syncope (n = 2). One patient with syncope caused a traffic accident. Ten patients had type A dissection (DeBakey type I) and 1 type B dissection. In-hospital mortality was 9.9% (1/11). Our data showed if affected drivers are transported to a hospital in a timely fashion, a good surgical outcome can be expected...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732761/woodland-expansion-in-south-african-grassy-biomes-based-on-satellite-observations-1990-2013-general-patterns-and-potential-drivers
#17
Andrew L Skowno, Mark W Thompson, Jens Hiestermann, Brad Ripley, Adam G West, William J Bond
Increases in woody plant cover in savanna-grassland environments have been reported on globally for over 50 years and are generally perceived as a threat to rangeland productivity and biodiversity. Despite this few attempts have been made to estimate the extent of woodland increase at a national scale, principally due to technical constraints such as availability of appropriate remote sensing products. In this study we aim to measure the extent to which woodlands have replaced grasslands in South Africa's grassy biomes...
October 12, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732589/multi-sensor-based-state-prediction-for-personal-mobility-vehicles
#18
Jamilah Abdur-Rahim, Yoichi Morales, Pankaj Gupta, Ichiro Umata, Atsushi Watanabe, Jani Even, Takayuki Suyama, Shin Ishii
This paper presents a study on multi-modal human emotional state detection while riding a powered wheelchair (PMV; Personal Mobility Vehicle) in an indoor labyrinth-like environment. The study reports findings on the habituation of human stress response during self-driving. In addition, the effects of "loss of controllability", change in the role of the driver to a passenger, are investigated via an autonomous driving modality. The multi-modal emotional state detector sensing framework consists of four sensing devices: electroencephalograph (EEG), heart inter-beat interval (IBI), galvanic skin response (GSR) and stressor level lever (in the case of autonomous riding)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723515/innovative-motor-insurance-schemes-a-review-of-current-practices-and-emerging-challenges
#19
Dimitrios I Tselentis, George Yannis, Eleni I Vlahogianni
The objective of this paper is to provide a review of the most popular and often implemented methodologies related to Usage-based motor insurance (UBI). UBI schemes, such as Pay-as-you-drive (PAYD) and Pay-how-you-drive (PHYD), are a new innovative concept that has recently started to be commercialized around the world. The main idea is that instead of a fixed price, drivers have to pay a premium based on their travel and driving behaviour. Despite the fact that it has been implemented only for a few years, it appears to be a very promising practice with a significant potential impact on traffic safety as well as on traffic congestion mitigation and pollution emissions reduction...
October 7, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723249/microbial-alkane-production-for-jet-fuel-industry-motivation-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives
#20
Lorena Jiménez-Díaz, Antonio Caballero, Natalia Pérez-Hernández, Ana Segura
Bio-jet fuel has attracted a lot of interest in recent years and has become a focus for aircraft and engine manufacturers, oil companies, governments and researchers. Given the global concern about environmental issues and the instability of oil market, bio-jet fuel has been identified as a promising way to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from the aviation industry, while also promoting energy security. Although a number of bio-jet fuel sources have been approved for manufacture, their commercialization and entry into the market is still a far way away...
October 10, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
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