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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819996/commercial-golf-glove-effects-on-golf-performance-and-forearm-muscle-activity
#1
Graeme G Sorbie, Paul Darroch, Fergal M Grace, Yaodong Gu, Julien S Baker, Ukadike C Ugbolue
The study aimed to determine whether or not commercial golf gloves influence performance variables and forearm muscle activity during golf play. Fifteen golfers participated in the laboratory based study, each performing 8 golf swings with a Driver and 7-iron whilst wearing a glove and 8 without wearing the glove. Club head speed, ball speed and absolute carry distance performance variables were calculated. Surface electromyography was recorded from the flexor digitorum superficialis and extensor carpi radialis brevis on both forearm muscles...
August 18, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812453/ergonomic-evaluation-of-a-new-truck-seat-design-a-field-study
#2
Michelle Cardoso, Fred Fulton, Colin McKinnon, Jack P Callaghan, Michel J Johnson, Wayne J Albert
A postural evaluation of commercial licensed truck drivers was conducted to determine the ergonomic benefits of a truck seat prototype in comparison to an Industry standard seat. Twenty commercially licensed truck drivers were recruited to perform a 90-min driving task. Postures were assessed using accelerometers and a backrest and seat pan pressure mapping system. Subjective discomfort measurements were monitored using two questionnaires: ratings of perceived discomfort (RPD) and the automotive seating discomfort questionnaire (ASDQ)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801473/type-2-diabetes-in-the-real-world-the-elusive-nature-of-glycemic-control
#3
Steven V Edelman, William H Polonsky
Despite U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of over 40 new treatment options for type 2 diabetes since 2005, the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show that the proportion of patients achieving glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <7.0% (<53 mmol/mol) remains around 50%, with a negligible decline between the periods 2003-2006 and 2011-2014. The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set reports even more alarming rates, with only about 40% and 30% of patients achieving HbA1c <7...
August 11, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766749/sensory-and-analytical-characterization-of-the-cool-melting-perception-of-commercial-spreads
#4
Verónica Galindo-Cuspinera, Joana Valenҁa de Sousa, Marcia Knoop
Butters, margarines and table spreads are water-in-oil emulsions. Melting characteristics of these products are important for flavor release and consumer acceptance. One characteristic that is believed to discriminate butters from margarines is a cooling sensation perceived in-mouth while consuming these products. Here, we investigated different methods to characterize sensorically and analytically the "cool-melting" properties of commercial butter and margarines. Our results show that butter indeed can be distinguished from margarines based on their "cool-melting" properties...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738684/drivers-of-excess-costs-of-opioid-abuse-among-a-commercially-insured-population
#5
Lauren M Scarpati, Noam Y Kirson, Miriam L Zichlin, Zitong B Jia, Howard G Birnbaum, Jaren C Howard
OBJECTIVES: To replicate and extend a recently published analysis of the drivers of excess costs of opioid abuse. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis using de-identified claims data from the Truven MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounter database. METHODS: Medical and prescription drug claims from beneficiaries covered by large self-insured US companies were used to select patients with incident diagnoses of opioid abuse between 2012 and 2015...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726744/future-protein-supply-and-demand-strategies-and-factors-influencing-a-sustainable-equilibrium
#6
REVIEW
Maeve Henchion, Maria Hayes, Anne Maria Mullen, Mark Fenelon, Brijesh Tiwari
A growing global population, combined with factors such as changing socio-demographics, will place increased pressure on the world's resources to provide not only more but also different types of food. Increased demand for animal-based protein in particular is expected to have a negative environmental impact, generating greenhouse gas emissions, requiring more water and more land. Addressing this "perfect storm" will necessitate more sustainable production of existing sources of protein as well as alternative sources for direct human consumption...
July 20, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694168/characterizing-porcine-invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-a-comparative-study-with-nk-cells-and-t-cells
#7
Guan Yang, Bianca L Artiaga, Sarah T Lewis, John P Driver
CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are innate-like T cells that share phenotypic characteristics of both NK and conventional T cells (Tconv). Although iNKT cells have been well characterized in mice and humans, functional CD1d and CD1d-restricted iNKT cells are not universally expressed in mammals. Swine express iNKT cells that can be detected using α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer)-loaded CD1d tetramers. In the present study, we characterized iNKT cells from the blood, spleen, lymph node, lung and liver of commercial mixed-breed pigs, and compared their phenotype to NK cells and Tconv...
July 8, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693539/genomic-prediction-in-contrast-to-a-genome-wide-association-study-in-explaining-heritable-variation-of-complex-growth-traits-in-breeding-populations-of-eucalyptus
#8
Bárbara S F Müller, Leandro G Neves, Janeo E de Almeida Filho, Márcio F R Resende, Patricio R Muñoz, Paulo E T Dos Santos, Estefano Paludzyszyn Filho, Matias Kirst, Dario Grattapaglia
BACKGROUND: The advent of high-throughput genotyping technologies coupled to genomic prediction methods established a new paradigm to integrate genomics and breeding. We carried out whole-genome prediction and contrasted it to a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for growth traits in breeding populations of Eucalyptus benthamii (n =505) and Eucalyptus pellita (n =732). Both species are of increasing commercial interest for the development of germplasm adapted to environmental stresses...
July 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678623/economic-burden-of-sarcoidosis-in-a-commercially-insured-population-in-the-united-states
#9
J Bradford Rice, Alan White, Andrea Lopez, Alexandra Conway, Aneesha Wagh, Winnie W Nelson, Michael Philbin, George J Wan
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multi-system inflammatory disorder characterized by the presence of non-caseating granulomas in involved organs. Patients with sarcoidosis have a reduced quality-of-life and are at an increased risk for several comorbidities. Little is known about the direct and indirect cost of sarcoidosis following the initial diagnosis. AIMS: To provide an estimate of the healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) and costs borne by commercial payers for sarcoidosis patients in the US...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663099/microsporidia-an-emerging-threat-to-bumblebees
#10
REVIEW
M J F Brown
Microsporidia may cause emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in bumblebees. Two drivers - commercial bumblebees and managed honey bees - have been identified as possible sources of pathogen spillover. In addition, declines in bumblebee populations may have led to lower genetic diversity and subsequent higher susceptibility to infection, enabling microsporidia to increase in prevalence. There is strong evidence for relatively recent increases in the prevalence of Nosema bombi in North America. However, the lack of definitive data on spillover by microsporidia, in North America or elsewhere, makes it difficult to identify the causes of such increases...
June 26, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658024/the-impact-of-mortality-on-total-costs-within-the-icu
#11
Andrew A Kramer, Joseph F Dasta, Sandra L Kane-Gill
OBJECTIVES: The high cost of critical care has engendered research into identifying influential factors. However, existing studies have not considered patient vital status at ICU discharge. This study sought to determine the effect of mortality upon the total cost of an ICU stay. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Twenty-six ICUs at 13 hospitals in the United States. PATIENTS: 58,344 admissions from January 1, 2012, to June 30, 2016, obtained from a commercial ICU database...
June 27, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622186/a-90-day-bundled-payment-for-primary-single-level-lumbar-discectomy-decompression-what-does-big-data-say
#12
Nikhil Jain, Sohrab S Virk, Frank M Phillips, Elizabeth Yu, Safdar N Khan
Episode-based bundling may become the major form of reimbursement for many elective spine procedures. As the amount for a 90-day episode of care is not known for a lumbar discectomy, we analyzed the previous reimbursements from Commercial payers (2007-Q2 2015), Medicare Advantage (2007-Q2 2015), and Medicare (2005-2012) for a primary single-level lumbar discectomy/decompression. Distribution of payments among various service providers was studied and a 90-day bundle was simulated. Depending on the payer type, the average facility costs constituted 59...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611011/application-of-plasma-genotyping-technologies-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-practical-review
#13
REVIEW
Adrian G Sacher, Kimberly M Komatsubara, Geoffrey R Oxnard
The rational treatment of metastatic NSCLC hinges upon the timely detection of potentially targetable genomic alterations in order to guide therapy. Recent advances in highly sensitive genotyping technologies have allowed for the development of novel plasma genotyping assays which are capable of noninvasively detecting targetable alterations in plasma cell-free DNA without reliance on traditional tissue genotyping. The rapid development of plasma genotyping has led to an explosion in the number of assay platforms available from both commercial and laboratory sources...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598928/occupation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#14
Daniel A Schwartz, Denis Vinnikov, Paul D Blanc
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) remains a prevalent condition, but its occupational burden is unclear. We carried out a systematic review to characterize the consistency and magnitude of occupational associations with OSA. METHODS: We studied OSA within three occupational categories: commercial drivers, organic solvent-exposed workers, other selected occupations. We performed a meta-analysis on the prevalence of OSA among drivers and the risk of OSA associated with solvent exposure...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594073/work-related-injury-factors-and-safety-climate-perception-in-truck-drivers
#15
Naomi J Anderson, Caroline K Smith, Jesse L Byrd
INTRODUCTION: The trucking industry has a high burden of work-related injuries. This study examined factors, such as safety climate perceptions, that may impact injury risk. METHOD: A random sample of 9800 commercial driver's license holders (CDL) were sent surveys, only 4360 were eligible truck drivers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were developed to describe the population and identify variables associated with work-related injury. RESULTS: 2189 drivers completed the pertinent interview questions...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587188/a-review-of-activity-trackers-for-senior-citizens-research-perspectives-commercial-landscape-and-the-role-of-the-insurance-industry
#16
REVIEW
Salvatore Tedesco, John Barton, Brendan O'Flynn
The objective assessment of physical activity levels through wearable inertial-based motion detectors for the automatic, continuous and long-term monitoring of people in free-living environments is a well-known research area in the literature. However, their application to older adults can present particular constraints. This paper reviews the adoption of wearable devices in senior citizens by describing various researches for monitoring physical activity indicators, such as energy expenditure, posture transitions, activity classification, fall detection and prediction, gait and balance analysis, also by adopting consumer-grade fitness trackers with the associated limitations regarding acceptability...
June 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584309/screening-commercial-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-validation-of-stop-bang-questionnaire
#17
Martin B Popević, Andjela Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Jovica Milovanović, Aleksandar P S Milovanović
OBJECTIVES: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584177/structural-drivers-of-vulnerability-to-zoonotic-disease-in-africa
#18
Vupenyu Dzingirai, Salome Bukachi, Melissa Leach, Lindiwe Mangwanya, Ian Scoones, Annie Wilkinson
This paper argues that addressing the underlying structural drivers of disease vulnerability is essential for a 'One Health' approach to tackling zoonotic diseases in Africa. Through three case studies-trypanosomiasis in Zimbabwe, Ebola and Lassa fever in Sierra Leone and Rift Valley fever in Kenya-we show how political interests, commercial investments and conflict and securitization all generate patterns of vulnerability, reshaping the political ecology of disease landscapes, influencing traditional coping mechanisms and affecting health service provision and outbreak responses...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581874/cost-drivers-for-breast-lung-and-colorectal-cancer-care-in-a-commercially-insured-population-over-a-6-month-episode-an-economic-analysis-from-a-health-plan-perspective
#19
Bhuvana Sagar, Yu Shen Lin, Liana D Castel
AIMS: In the absence of clinical data, accurate identification of cost drivers is needed for economic comparison in an alternate payment model. From a health plan perspective using claims data in a commercial population, the objective was to identify and quantify the effects of cost drivers in economic models of breast, lung, and colorectal cancer costs over a 6-month episode following initial chemotherapy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study analyzed claims data from 9,748 Cigna beneficiaries with diagnosis of breast, lung, and colorectal cancer following initial chemotherapy from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549274/mechanisms-and-risk-of-cumulative-impacts-to-coastal-ecosystem-services-an-expert-elicitation-approach
#20
Gerald G Singh, Jim Sinner, Joanne Ellis, Milind Kandlikar, Benjamin S Halpern, Terre Satterfield, Kai M A Chan
Coastal environments are some of the most populated on Earth, with greater pressures projected in the future. Managing coastal systems requires the consideration of multiple uses, which both benefit from and threaten multiple ecosystem services. Thus understanding the cumulative impacts of human activities on coastal ecosystem services would seem fundamental to management, yet there is no widely accepted approach for assessing these. This study trials an approach for understanding the cumulative impacts of anthropogenic change, focusing on Tasman and Golden Bays, New Zealand...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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