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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097071/the-fishing-and-natural-mortality-of-large-piscivorous-bull-trout-and-rainbow-trout-in-kootenay-lake-british-columbia-2008-2013
#1
Joseph L Thorley, Greg F Andrusak
BACKGROUND: Estimates of fishing and natural mortality are important for understanding, and ultimately managing, commercial and recreational fisheries. High reward tags with fixed station acoustic telemetry provides a promising approach to monitoring mortality rates in large lake recreational fisheries. Kootenay Lake is a large lake which supports an important recreational fishery for large Bull Trout and Rainbow Trout. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 88 large (≥500 mm) Bull Trout and 149 large (≥500 mm) Rainbow Trout were marked with an acoustic transmitter and/or high reward ($100) anchor tags in Kootenay Lake...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088512/ros1-fusions-rarely-overlap-with-other-oncogenic-drivers-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Jessica J Lin, Lauren L Ritterhouse, Siraj M Ali, Mark Bailey, Alexa B Schrock, Justin F Gainor, Lorin A Ferris, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Vincent A Miller, Anthony J Iafrate, Jochen K Lennerz, Alice T Shaw
INTRODUCTION: Chromosomal rearrangements involving the ROS proto-oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase gene (ROS1) define a distinct molecular subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with sensitivity to ROS1 inhibitors. Recent reports have suggested a significant overlap between ROS1 fusions and other oncogenic driver alterations, including mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS proto-oncogene (KRAS). METHODS: We identified patients at our institution with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC who had undergone testing for genetic alterations in additional oncogenes, including EGFR, KRAS, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046595/tu-h-bra-06-characterization-of-a-linear-accelerator-operating-in-a-compact-mriguided-radiation-therapy-system
#3
O Green, S Mutic, D Low, H Li, T Chmielewski, G Fought, M Hernandez, I Kawrakow, A Sharma, S Shvartsman, J Dempsey
PURPOSE: To describe the performance of a linear accelerator operating in a compact MRI-guided radiation therapy system. METHODS: A commercial linear accelerator was placed in an MRI unit that is employed in a commercial MR-based image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) system. The linear accelerator components were placed within magnetic field-reducing hardware that provided magnetic fields of less than 40 G for the magnetron, gun driver, and port circulator, with 1 G for the linear accelerator...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045421/cardiovascular-diseases-and-vehicle-driving-the-proposal-of-turkish-society-of-cardiology-2016
#4
Mahmut Şahin, Önder Öztürk, Metin Çoksevim
The rate of traffic accidents due to medical causes is unknown. Based on data from Canada and the United States, cardiovascular conditions account for less than 5% of commercial vehicle accidents. European data shows that about 0.1% of reportable road accidents maybe attributed to medical conditions, of which 10-25% is due to cardiac events. Driving guidelines and regulations in cardiovascular diseases are of importance, not only for protecting the health of the patients but also for protection of the community...
December 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027178/influence-of-two-types-of-connections-in-driver-retention-screw-assembly
#5
Magnus Sérgio Martins de Paiva, Samila Neres de Oliveira, Jéssyca Viviane Andrade Dias, Cypriano Galvão da Trindade Neto, José Renato Cavalcante de Queiroz, Erika Almeida de Oliveira, Amílcar Chagas Freitas Júnior
Rehabilitation with implant-supported prostheses has reached high success rates. However, mechanical failures are still reported, mainly in retention screws of abutments in single implant-supported crowns; which is designed to be the weakest structure and the first component to fail under overloading. In this sense, the aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of different joint designs (square or hexagonal) on resistance to deformation of driver-retention screw assembly of 3 commercial brands (Neodent, Singular, and Sin)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990264/creating-a-driving-profile-for-older-adults-using-gps-devices-and-naturalistic-driving-methodology
#6
Ganesh M Babulal, Cindy M Traub, Mollie Webb, Sarah H Stout, Aaron Addison, David B Carr, Brian R Ott, John C Morris, Catherine M Roe
Background/Objectives: Road tests and driving simulators are most commonly used in research studies and clinical evaluations of older drivers. We adapted an existing, commercial, off-the-shelf, in-vehicle device for naturalistic, longitudinal research to better understand daily driving behavior in older drivers. Design: The Azuga G2 Tracking Device (TM) was installed in each participant's vehicle, and we collected data over 5 months (speed, latitude/longitude) every 30-seconds when the vehicle was driven.  Setting: The Knight Alzheimer's Disease Research Center at Washington University School of Medicine...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923422/first-responders-and-prehospital-care-for-road-traffic-injuries-in-malawi
#7
Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Isaac Singini, Yasin Njalale, Limbika Maliwichi-Senganimalunje, Kathryn H Jacobsen
: Introduction Road traffic collisions are a common cause of injuries and injury-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Basic prehospital care can be the difference between life and death for injured drivers, passengers, and pedestrians. Problem This study examined the challenges associated with current first response practices in Malawi. METHODS: In April 2014, focus groups were conducted in two areas of Malawi: Karonga (in the Northern Region) and Blantyre (in the Southern Region; both are along the M1 highway), and a qualitative synthesis approach was used to identify themes...
December 7, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920381/harvest-induced-evolution-insights-from-aquatic-and-terrestrial-systems
#8
REVIEW
Anna Kuparinen, Marco Festa-Bianchet
Commercial and recreational harvests create selection pressures for fitness-related phenotypic traits that are partly under genetic control. Consequently, harvesting can drive evolution in targeted traits. However, the quantification of harvest-induced evolutionary life history and phenotypic changes is challenging, because both density-dependent feedback and environmental changes may also affect these changes through phenotypic plasticity. Here, we synthesize current knowledge and uncertainties on six key points: (i) whether or not harvest-induced evolution is happening, (ii) whether or not it is beneficial, (iii) how it shapes biological systems, (iv) how it could be avoided, (v) its importance relative to other drivers of phenotypic changes, and (vi) whether or not it should be explicitly accounted for in management...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914203/multiple-processes-drive-genetic-structure-of-humpback-whale-megaptera-novaeangliae-populations-across-spatial-scales
#9
Francine Kershaw, Inês Carvalho, Jacqueline Loo, Cristina Pomilla, Peter B Best, Ken P Findlay, Salvatore Cerchio, Tim Collins, Marcia H Engel, Gianna Minton, Peter Ersts, Jaco Barendse, P G H Kotze, Yvette Razafindrakoto, Solange Ngouessono, Michael Meÿer, Meredith Thorton, Howard C Rosenbaum
Elucidating patterns of population structure for species with complex life histories, and disentangling the processes driving such patterns, remains a significant analytical challenge. Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) populations display complex genetic structures that have not been fully resolved at all spatial scales. We generated a data set of nuclear markers for 3575 samples spanning the seven breeding stocks and substocks found in the South Atlantic and western and northern Indian Oceans. For the total sample, and males and females separately, we assessed genetic diversity, tested for genetic differentiation between putative populations and isolation by distance, estimated the number of genetic clusters without a priori population information and estimated rates of gene flow using maximum-likelihood and Bayesian approaches...
December 3, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907093/mangrove-crab-ucides-cordatus-removal-does-not-affect-sediment-parameters-and-stipule-production-in-a-one-year-experiment-in-northern-brazil
#10
Nathalie Pülmanns, Ulf Mehlig, Inga Nordhaus, Ulrich Saint-Paul, Karen Diele
Mangrove crabs influence ecosystem processes through bioturbation and/or litter feeding. In Brazilian mangroves, the abundant and commercially important crab Ucides cordatus is the main faunal modifier of microtopography establishing up to 2 m deep burrows. They process more than 70% of the leaf litter and propagule production, thus promoting microbial degradation of detritus and benefiting microbe-feeding fiddler crabs. The accelerated nutrient turn-over and increased sediment oxygenation mediated by U. cordatus may enhance mangrove tree growth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899687/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-serbian-translation
#11
Martin B Popević, Aleksandar P S Milovanović, Srdjan Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Marija Velaga
The aim of this study was translating and exploring psychometric properties of Serbian Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in a sample of "good" and "bad" sleepers suffering from depression or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Formal translation and validation were performed on a sample of healthy controls, patients with untreated OSA, and with diagnosed major depressive disorder with evaluation of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct and criterion validity. Controls and OSA subgroups were recruited from a larger sample of commercial drivers...
November 28, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898549/hypertensive-crisis-during-norepinephrine-syringe-exchange
#12
Roland A Snijder, Johannes T A Knape, Toine C G Egberts, Annemoon M D E Timmerman
A 67-year critically ill patient suffered from a hypertensive crisis (200 mm Hg) because of a norepinephrine overdose. The overdose occurred when the clinician exchanged an almost-empty syringe and the syringe pump repeatedly reported an error. We hypothesized that an object between the plunger and the syringe driver may have caused the exertion of too much force on the syringe. Testing this hypothesis in vitro showed significant peak dosing errors (up to +572%) but moderate overdose (0.07 mL, +225%) if a clamp was used on the intravenous infusion line and a large overdose (0...
November 28, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851673/shoulder-injuries-in-commercial-truck-drivers-a-literature-review
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851672/shoulder-injuries-in-commercial-truck-drivers-a-literature-review
#14
Bryan Combs, Karen Heaton
Musculoskeletal injuries in the occupational setting have significant impact on the worker, employer, and healthcare system. The commercial truck driver (CTD) experiences some of the highest rates of injury, missed days of work, and workers' compensation costs compared with other workers. In this population, the back is most commonly affected whereas shoulder injuries are the second but require 5 times more days away from work. Commercial truck drivers are significantly impacted by shoulder injuries; however, little is known about the unique mechanisms of injury, specific injuries, or possible preventative measures among this group of workers...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836050/biosecurity-and-the-management-of-emergency-animal-disease-among-commercial-beef-producers-in-new-south-wales-and-queensland-australia
#15
M Hernández-Jover, V Higgins, M Bryant, L Rast, C McShane
Australia places great importance on the prevention and management of emergency animal diseases (EAD), with strict quarantine measures offshore and at the border. Livestock producers are crucial for disease control onshore; however, limited information is available on commercial livestock producers' practices in relation to the management of disease risks. The aims of this paper are to investigate how commercial beef producers in Australia's Northern and Southern beef zones manage EADs and to identify drivers for effective biosecurity and EAD prevention...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835688/edaphic-selection-pressures-as-drivers-of-contrasting-white-spruce-ectomycorrhizal-fungal-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-canadian-boreal-forest-of-abitibi-t%C3%A3-miscamingue-region
#16
Martin B Nadeau, Damase P Khasa
Little is known about edaphic selection pressures as drivers of contrasting white spruce ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure and diversity in the Canadian boreal forest. We hypothesized that community composition differs among the four sites sampled-nursery, mining site, forest edge, and natural forest. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal community structure and diversity was studied at the four locations with soil fertility gradient through morpho-molecular and phylogenetic analyses in relationships with rhizospheric soil chemical properties...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809609/evaluation-of-an-investigational-wearable-injector-in-healthy-human-volunteers
#17
Marc C Torjman, Robert Machnicki, Jennifer Lessin, Channy Loeum, Douglas Steinberger, Sarah Mycroft, Jeffrey I Joseph
OBJECTIVES: Introduction of a wearable device for subcutaneous delivery of larger volume bolus injections would encourage patient compliance and reduce the burden on healthcare services. With one such wearable device commercially available, this study examined the safety and functionality of an investigational device in volunteers. METHODS: Four devices were applied to the subject's abdomen: 1) Investigational Device, 2) Investigational Device: subject movement, 3) Control Device: FDA-cleared syringe driver with FDA-cleared infusion set, 4) Control Device: FDA-cleared syringe driver attached to investigational device...
January 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794407/diagnostic-algorithm-for-detection-of-targetable-driver-mutations-in-lung-adenocarcinomas-comprehensive-analyses-of-205-cases-with-immunohistochemistry-real-time-pcr-and-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-methods
#18
Hua-Lin Kao, Yi-Chen Yeh, Chin-Hsuan Lin, Wei-Fang Hsu, Wen-Yu Hsieh, Hsiang-Ling Ho, Teh-Ying Chou
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of the targetable driver mutations is now recommended in all patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Molecular-based methods are usually adopted, however, along with the implementation of highly sensitive and/or mutation-specific antibodies, immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been considered an alternative method for identifying driver mutations in lung adenocarcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 205 lung adenocarcinomas were examined for EGFR mutations and ALK and ROS1 rearrangements using real-time PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and IHC in parallel...
November 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792128/horse-injury-during-non-commercial-transport-findings-from-researcher-assisted-intercept-surveys-at-southeastern-australian-equestrian-events
#19
Christopher B Riley, Belinda R Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson
Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting horses to 12 equestrian events in southeastern Australia. Data collected encompassed driver demographics, travel practice, vehicle characteristics, and incidents involving horse injury. Approximately 25% (55/223) of participants reported that their horses were injured during transportation...
October 25, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785360/development-and-interval-testing-of-a-naturalistic-driving-methodology-to-evaluate-driving-behavior-in-clinical-research
#20
Ganesh M Babulal, Aaron Addison, Nupur Ghoshal, Sarah H Stout, Elizabeth K Vernon, Mark Sellan, Catherine M Roe
Background: The number of older adults in the United States will double by 2056. Additionally, the number of licensed drivers will increase along with extended driving-life expectancy. Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury and death in older adults. Alzheimer's disease (AD) also negatively impacts driving ability and increases crash risk. Conventional methods to evaluate driving ability are limited in predicting decline among older adults. Innovations in GPS hardware and software can monitor driving behavior in the actual environments people drive in...
2016: F1000Research
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