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Birth induction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528810/titration-of-intravenous-oxytocin-infusion-for-postdate-induction-of-labor-across-body-mass-index-groups
#1
Angela B Maeder, Susan C Vonderheid, Chang G Park, Aleeca F Bell, Barbara L McFarlin, Catherine Vincent, C Sue Carter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether oxytocin titration for postdate labor induction differs among women who are normal weight, overweight, and obese and whether length of labor and birth method differ by oxytocin titration and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: U.S. university-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Of 280 eligible women, 21 were normal weight, 134 were overweight, and 125 were obese at labor admission...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508683/effectiveness-of-mild-ovarian-stimulation-versus-gnrh-agonist-protocol-in-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-a-meta-analysis
#2
Yuan Fan, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhidong Hao, Huanfei Ding, Quanyu Chen, Li Tian
OBJECTIVE: our meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the mild ovulation induction protocol using CC/gonadotropin/GnRH antagonist compared to the conventional GnRH agonist protocol in women undergoing ART. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched from their date of establishment until August 2016. Outcomes in our analysis were calculated in terms of relative risk (RR) and weighted mean differences (WMD) and standard mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using random effect models or fixed effect models...
May 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506991/sonic-hedgehog-regulation-of-foxf2-promotes-cranial-neural-crest-mesenchyme-proliferation-and-is-disrupted-in-cleft-lip-morphogenesis
#3
Joshua L Everson, Dustin M Fink, Joon Won Yoon, Elizabeth J Leslie, Henry W Kietzman, Lydia J Ansen-Wilson, Hannah M Chung, David O Walterhouse, Mary L Marazita, Robert J Lipinski
Cleft lip is one of the most common human birth defects, yet our understanding of the mechanisms that regulate lip morphogenesis is limited. Here, we show that Sonic Hedgehog (Shh)-induced proliferation of cranial neural crest cell (cNCC) mesenchyme is required for upper lip closure. Gene expression profiling revealed a subset of Forkhead box (Fox) genes regulated by Shh signaling during lip morphogenesis. During cleft pathogenesis, reduced proliferation in the medial nasal process mesenchyme paralleled the domain of reduced Foxf2 and Gli1 expression...
May 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505479/women-s-self-reported-experience-of-unplanned-caesarean-section-results-of-a-swedish-study
#4
Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: women´s experience of emergency caesarean section is often described as less positive compared to a vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section. Midwifery care for women where deviations from a normal birth process are present is a challenge. The aim of study was to compare self-reported birth outcomes for women undergoing birth through spontaneous onset of labour between those who actually had a vaginal birth and those who eventually had an emergency caesarean section. DESIGN AND SETTING: the study was part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study of parents' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs related to childbirth...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501366/reproductive-outcomes-after-a-single-dose-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-compared-with-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-for-the-induction-of-final-oocyte-maturation-in-hyper-responder-women-aged-35-40%C3%A2-years
#5
Samer Tannus, Rola Turki, Yoni Cohen, Weon-Young Son, Tal Shavit, Michael Haim Dahan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reproductive outcomes after the use of GnRH agonist (GnRHa) compared with hCG for the induction of final oocyte maturation in GnRH antagonist cycles performed in hyper-responder women aged 35-40 years. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Academic fertility center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred seventy-two hyper-responder women aged 35-40 years who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation under GnRH antagonist suppression were included...
May 10, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500997/does-a-policy-of-earlier-induction-affect-labour-outcomes-in-women-induced-for-postmaturity-a-retrospective-analysis-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-the-north-of-england
#6
Anna Proctor, Paul Marshall
OBJECTIVES: to investigate whether a change in the management of postmature pregnancy to earlier induction affects the length of labour and the induction process. Secondly, to assess the feasibility of the research process to inform a future larger study. DESIGN: a change in management of postmature pregnancy in an NHS hospital in October 2013, from induction at 42 weeks gestation to induction between 41-42 weeks, provided an opportunity to conduct a retrospective analysis...
April 25, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495268/the-presence-of-vegf-and-notch2-during-preantral-antral-follicular-transition-in-infantile-rats-anatomical-evidence-and-its-implications
#7
Minerva Carolina Torres-Ortiz, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina, Margarita Gómez-Chavarín, Clara Murcia, Rogelio A Alonso-Morales, Gerardo Perera-Marín
Folliculogenesis is a process that depends on angiogenesis, in which VEGF and Notch signaling pathway members are involved. Although this pathway is present in preantral and antral follicular structures during the second stage of folliculogenesis, this association has not been described. Therefore, this study aimed to identify VEGF and Notch2 in ovary structures of infantile rats after induction of follicular development with a gonadotropin stimulus. In order to explore this possibility we analyzed rat ovary morphology from days 10-25 after birth; subsequently, the transition from preantral follicle to an antral stage was analyzed by the induction of follicular development with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and VEGF and Notch were identified in the rat ovary by fluorescence...
May 8, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490549/possible-relationship-between-general-and-pregnancy-related-anxiety-during-the-first-half-of-pregnancy-and-the-birth-process-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Johanna Maria Koelewijn, Anne Marie Sluijs, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
OBJECTIVES: The rate of interventions during childbirth has increased dramatically during the last decades. Maternal anxiety might play a role in the progress of the labour process and interventions during labour. This study aimed to identify associations between anxiety in the first half of pregnancy and the birth process, including any interventions required during labour. In addition, differences in the associations by parity and ethnicity were explored. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479288/a-randomized-trial-of-foley-bulb-for-labor-induction-in%C3%A2-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-nulliparas-flip
#9
Jennifer M H Amorosa, Joanne Stone, Stephanie H Factor, Whitney Booker, Meredith Newland, Angela Bianco
BACKGROUND: In premature rupture of membranes (PROM), the risk of chorioamnionitis increases with increasing duration of membrane rupture. Decreasing the time from PROM to delivery is associated with lower rates of maternal infection. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests that all women with PROM who do not have a contraindication to vaginal delivery have their labor induced instead of being managed expectantly. Although the use of oxytocin for labor induction has been demonstrated to decrease the time to delivery compared with expectant management, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of cervical ripening with a Foley bulb to additionally decrease the time to delivery...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478794/inferring-causal-structures-and-comparing-the-causal-effects-among-calving-difficulty-gestation-length-and-calf-size-in-japanese-black-cattle
#10
K Inoue, M Hosono, Y Tanimoto
The objectives of this study were to infer phenotypic causal networks involving gestation length (GL) and calving difficulty (CD) for the primiparity of 1850 Japanese Black heifers, and the birth weight (BWT), withers height (WH) and chest girth (CHG) of their full blood calves, and to compare the causal effects among them. The inductive causation (IC) algorithm was employed to search for causal links among these traits; it was applied to the posterior distribution of the residual (co)variance matrix of a multiple-trait sire-maternal grand sire (MGS) model...
May 8, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469272/adult-murine-cardiomyocytes-exhibit-regenerative-activity-with-cell-cycle-reentry-through-stat3-in-the-healing-process-of-myocarditis
#12
Akimitsu Miyawaki, Masanori Obana, Yusuke Mitsuhara, Aya Orimoto, Yusuke Nakayasu, Tomomi Yamashita, So-Ichiro Fukada, Makiko Maeda, Hiroyuki Nakayama, Yasushi Fujio
Mammalian cardiomyocytes substantially lose proliferative capacity immediately after birth, limiting adult heart regeneration after injury. However, clinical myocarditis appears to be self-limiting with tissue-reparative properties. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the recovery from myocarditis with regard to cardiomyocyte proliferation using an experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) model. Three weeks after EAM induction (EAM3w), cardiac tissue displayed infiltration of inflammatory cells with cardiomyocyte apoptosis...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467617/mode-of-first-delivery-and-severe-maternal-complications-in-the-subsequent-pregnancy
#13
Lotte B Colmorn, Lone Krebs, Kari Klungsøyr, Maija Jakobsson, Anna-Maija Tapper, Mika Gissler, Pelle G Lindqvist, Karin Källen, Karin Gottvall, Per E Bordahl, Ragnheiður I Bjarnadóttir, Jens Langhoff-Roos
INTRODUCTION: Severe obstetric complications increase by the number of previous cesarean deliveries. In the Nordic countries most women have two children. We present the risk of severe obstetric complications at the delivery following a first elective or emergency cesarean and the risk by intended mode of second delivery. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A two-year population-based data-collection of severe maternal complications in women with two deliveries in the Nordic countries (n=213 518)...
May 3, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464342/labor-after-cesarean-delivery-managed-without-induction-or-augmentation-of-labor
#14
Kohei Nakamura, Shusaku Hayashi, Jun Sasahara, Yoko Okamoto, Keisuke Ishii, Nobuaki Mitsuda
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the perinatal outcomes of women opting for vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) managed without induction or augmentation of labor. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of candidates for VBAC at a tertiary center in Japan from April 2003 to March 2012. Women with singleton gestations and one prior low-transverse cesarean delivery who intended VBAC at 36 weeks of gestation were identified as candidates for VBAC and included in the study...
May 2, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462873/maternal-obesity-and-obstetric-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#15
Gitana Ramonienė, Laima Maleckienė, Rūta Jolanta Nadišauskienė, Eglė Bartusevičienė, Dalia Regina Railaitė, Regina Mačiulevičienė, Almantas Maleckas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obese women are at an increased risk of various adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of obesity on maternal and neonatal outcomes in a tertiary referral center and to compare obstetric outcomes by the level of maternal obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study included 3247 women with singleton gestations who gave birth at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, in 2010...
April 19, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462399/can-letrozole-plus-hmg-protocol-improve-pregnancy-outcomes-in-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-an-rct
#16
Ashraf Aleyasin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Leili Safdarian, Maryam Noorzadeh, Parvin Fallahi, Zahra Rezaeian, Sedighe Hoseinimosa
BACKGROUND: There are different methods in endometrial preparation for frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the live birth rate in the artificial FET protocol (estradiol/ progesterone with GnRH-agonist) with stimulated cycle FET protocol (letrozole plus HMG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial included 100 women (18-42 years) randomly assigned to two groups based on Bernoulli distribution...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455086/adverse-pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-in-twins-effects-of%C3%A2-maternal-fertility-status-and-infant-gender-combinations-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#17
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes in twin pregnancies among subfertile women, conceived with and without in vitro fertilization, differs from those conceived spontaneously. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effects of fertility status on adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies on a population basis. STUDY DESIGN: All twin live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 g birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004 through 2010 were linked to hospital discharge records, vital records, and in vitro fertilization cycles...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455080/the-maternal-childbirth-experience-more-than-a-decade-after-delivery
#18
Carla M Bossano, Kelly M Townsend, Alexandra C Walton, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: Maternal satisfaction with the birth experience is multidimensional and influenced by many factors, including mode of delivery. To date, few studies have investigated maternal satisfaction outside of the immediate postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether differences in satisfaction based on mode of delivery are observed more than a decade after delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a planned, supplementary analysis of data collected for the Mothers' Outcomes after Delivery (MOAD) study, a longitudinal cohort study of pelvic floor disorders in parous women and their association with mode of delivery...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454491/extension-of-the-clomiphene-citrate-stair-step-protocol-to-gonadotropin-treatment-in-women-with-clomiphene-resistant-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#19
Eran Horowitz, David Levran, Ariel Weissman
Our objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of direct initiation of gonadotropin ovarian stimulation without prior withdrawal bleeding in anovulatory clomiphene citrate (CC) resistant polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients. Eighteen PCOS patients underwent ovulation induction with CC using a stair-step regimen. Patients who failed to respond to the maximal dose of CC initiated gonadotropin stimulation without inducing withdrawal bleeding, using the chronic low dose regimen. The primary outcome measure was the time to ovulation from the beginning of CC treatment until the day of ovulatory trigger...
April 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451033/-epidural-analgesia-in-20-parturients-at-the-sylvanus-olympio-university-hospital-center-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#20
Pilakimwé Egbohou, Tabana Mouzou, Hamza Doles Sama, Pikabalo Tchétike, Sarakawabalo Assénouwé, Gnimdou Akala-Yoba, Kadjika Tomta
We conducted a prospective and descriptive study on epidural analgesia (EA) at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital Center in Lomé from February to June 2014. After taking consent from pregnant women selected by simple random sampling and in the absence of contraindication for anesthesia (pre-anesthetic assessment performed in their 8th month of pregnancy), women were enrolled. Out of 29 selected women, 20 (69%) underwent EA. The average age was 30.6 ± 6.6 years: primiparas 35%, multiparas 50%, Obese women (BMI> 30)25%...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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