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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349505/embracing-your-emotions-affective-state-impacts-lateralisation-of-human-embraces
#1
Julian Packheiser, Noemi Rook, Zeynep Dursun, Janne Mesenhöller, Alrescha Wenglorz, Onur Güntürkün, Sebastian Ocklenburg
Humans are highly social animals that show a wide variety of verbal and non-verbal behaviours to communicate social intent. One of the most frequently used non-verbal social behaviours is embracing, commonly used as an expression of love and affection. However, it can also occur in a large variety of social situations entailing negative (fear or sadness) or neutral emotionality (formal greetings). Embracing is also experienced from birth onwards in mother-infant interactions and is thus accompanying human social interaction across the whole lifespan...
January 18, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345344/differential-outcomes-of-tlr2-engagement-in-inflammation-induced-preterm-birth
#2
Monica Cappelletti, Matthew J Lawson, Calvin C Chan, Adrienne N Wilburn, Senad Divanovic
Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of neonatal mortality worldwide. Infection and inflammation are considered main causes of PTB. Among multiple pathogens, Gram-positive bacteria are commonly linked with induction of PTB. Although activation of innate immune responses, via TLR2 engagement, by Gram-positive bacteria is a likely cause, whether induction of PTB depends on the potency of specific microbial components to induce Toll-like receptor (TLR)2-driven inflammation has not been elucidated. Here, we show that TLR2 activation by synthetic lipopeptides, Pam2Cys, and Pam3Cys specifically, variably influenced inflammation and subsequent induction of PTB...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343146/induction-of-labor-in-cases-of-late-preterm-isolated-oligohydramnios-is-it-justified
#3
Noa A Brzezinski-Sinai, Moshe Stavsky, Tal Rafaeli-Yehudai, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Isaac Brzezinski-Sinai, Majdi Imterat, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVES: To analyze in a retrospective cohort study the outcomes of pregnancies with isolated oligohydramnios at the late preterm period (34-36.6 weeks of gestation). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included three groups of women: 1) Women with isolated oligohydramnios whose pregnancy was managed conservatively (n = 33 births); 2) women with isolated oligohydramnios who were managed actively (ie induction of labor) (n = 111 births); and 3) a control group including women with normal amount of amniotic fluid who had a spontaneous late preterm delivery (n = 10 445 births)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339041/factors-influencing-women-s-perceptions-of-shared-decision-making-during-labor-and-delivery-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort-study-of-first-childbirth
#4
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlates of shared decision making during labor and delivery. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of women who gave birth to their first baby in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011 (N = 3006). We used logistic regression models to examine the association between labor induction and mode of delivery in relation to women's perceptions of shared decision making, and to investigate race/ethnicity and SES as potential moderators. RESULTS: Women who were Black and who did not have a college degree or private insurance were less likely to report high shared decision making, as well as women who underwent labor induction, instrumental vaginal or cesarean delivery...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329527/emotional-and-cognitive-experiences-during-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-decision-making-following-a-prenatal-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-of-males-presented-with-congenital-heart-defect-in-the-fetus-carried-by-their-pregnant-partner
#5
Tommy Carlsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Expectant fathers consider the second-trimester obstetric ultrasound examination as an important step towards parenthood, but are ill prepared for a detection of a fetal anomaly. Inductive research is scarce concerning their experiences and needs for support. Consequently, the aim of this study was to explore the emotional and cognitive experiences, during the time of diagnosis and decision-making, among males presented with congenital heart defect in the fetus carried by their pregnant partner...
January 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#6
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Ank de Jonge, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315491/health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-psoriasis-an-interview-based-study
#7
H Randa, J J Lomholt, L Skov, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common skin disease affecting the physical, psychological and social well-being of patients and their families. Most research so far has been limited to adults, and little is known about the qualitative experiences of young people with psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: To provide an in-depth understanding of the impact of psoriasis on adolescents' Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). METHODS: Patients and their parents were recruited from a dermatology outpatient clinic, the Danish National Birth Cohort, and the Danish Psoriasis Association...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303230/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-their-infants
#8
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Eugene Dempsey, Pauline Meskell, Valerie Smith, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse health outcomes such as pre-eclampsia or polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid). Their babies are also more likely to have health complications such as macrosomia (birthweight > 4000 g) and being large-for-gestational age (birthweight above the 90th percentile for gestational age). Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term in women with gestational diabetes to minimise perinatal complications, especially those related to macrosomia...
January 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302809/preeclampsia-acts-differently-in-in-vitro-fertilization-versus-spontaneous-twins
#9
Rania Okby, Avi Harlev, Kira Nahum Sacks, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors and pregnancy outcome of spontaneous vs in-vitro fertilization (IVF) twins complicated with preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study comparing maternal and neonatal outcome in IVF vs spontaneously conceived twins was conducted. Deliveries occurred in a tertiary medical center between the years 1988 and 2010. Women who conceived after ovulation induction and those with chronic hypertension were excluded from the study...
January 4, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297766/-my-body-my-choice-a-qualitative-study-of-the-influence-of-trust-and-locus-of-control-on-postpartum-contraceptive-choice
#10
Beth Sundstrom, Caitlin Szabo, Angela Dempsey
Postpartum contraception helps reduce unintended pregnancy and space births to improve maternal and child health. This study explored women's perceptions of contraceptive choice during the postpartum period in the context of locus of control and trust in healthcare providers. Researchers conducted six focus groups with 47 women, ages 18-39, receiving postpartum care at an outpatient clinic. Techniques from grounded theory methodology provided an inductive approach to analysis. HyperRESEARCH 3.5.2 qualitative data analysis software facilitated a constant-comparative coding process to identify emergent themes...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281003/transcriptome-signature-identifies-distinct-cervical-pathways-induced-in-lps-mediated-preterm-birth
#11
Alexandra R Willcockson, Tulip Nandu, Cheuk-Lun Liu, Shanmugasundaram Nallasamy, W Lee Kraus, Mala Mahendroo
With half a million babies born preterm each year in the United States and about 15 million worldwide, preterm birth remains a global health issue. Preterm birth (PTB) is a primary cause of infant morbidity and mortality and can impact lives long past infancy. The fact that there are numerous, and many currently unidentified, etiologies of PTB has hindered development of tools for risk evaluation and preventative therapies. Infection is estimated to be involved in nearly 40% of PTBs of known etiology; therefore, understanding how infection-mediated inflammation alters the cervical milieu and leads to preterm tissue biomechanical changes are questions of interest...
December 21, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278829/efficacy-of-maternal-and-biological-parameters-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-predicting-neonatal-morbidity
#12
Guillaume Ducarme, François Desroys Du Roure, Aurélie Le Thuaut, Joséphine Grange, Jérôme Dimet, Ingrid Crepin-Delcourt
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is independently associated with an increased risk of maternal-fetal complications. Improved glycemic control allows reducing perinatal morbidity and mortality and, specifically, the risk of macrosomia and shoulder dystocia which are the most common complications associated with GDM. Nonetheless, a need for early antenatal predictor of neonatal morbidity in women suffering from GDM is required. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of different maternal, biological, and antenatal parameters at the time of diagnosis of GDM or perinatal variables as predictors of neonatal morbidity...
December 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273264/early-elective-delivery-disparities-between-non-hispanic-black-and-white-women-after-statewide-policy-implementation
#13
Katy B Kozhimannil, Ifeoma Muoto, Blair G Darney, Aaron B Caughey, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Oregon implemented a policy that reduced the state's rate of early (before 39 weeks' gestation) elective (without medical need) births. OBJECTIVE: This analysis measured differential policy effects by race, examining whether Oregon's policy was associated with changes in non-Hispanic Black-White disparities in early elective cesarean and labor induction. METHODS: We used Oregon birth certificate data, defining prepolicy (2008-2010) and postpolicy (2012-2014) periods, including non-Hispanic Black and White women who gave birth during these periods (n = 121,272)...
December 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251370/barriers-and-facilitators-to-birth-without-epidural-in-a-tertiary-obstetric-referral-center-perspectives-of-health-care-professionals-and-patients
#14
Alyssa Knox, Geneviève Rouleau, Sonia Semenic, Malisa Khongkham, Luisa Ciofani
BACKGROUND: Epidural rates are high in tertiary obstetric referral centers, even though many patients in tertiary settings might not want or need epidural analgesia. Epidural rates are influenced by factors including labor support and routine medical intervention. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to birth without epidural in a Canadian tertiary center, from the perspectives of doctors, nurses, and patients. METHODS: In this qualitative exploratory study, individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2016 with 5 doctors, 5 nurses, and 4 patients who intended to birth without epidural...
December 18, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247915/uncovering-neurodevelopmental-windows-of-susceptibility-to-manganese-exposure-using-dentine-microspatial-analyses
#15
Birgit Claus Henn, Christine Austin, Brent A Coull, Lourdes Schnaas, Chris Gennings, Megan K Horton, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Howard Hu, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Manish Arora
BACKGROUND: Associations between manganese (Mn) and neurodevelopment may depend on dose and exposure timing, but most studies cannot measure exposure variability over time well. OBJECTIVE: We apply temporally informative tooth-matrix biomarkers to uncover windows of susceptibility in early life when Mn is associated with visual motor ability in childhood. We also explore effect modification by lead (Pb) and child sex. METHODS: Participants were drawn from the ELEMENT (Early Life Exposures in MExico and NeuroToxicology) longitudinal birth cohort studies...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245039/prenatal-arsenic-exposure-child-marriage-and-pregnancy-weight-gain-associations-with-preterm-birth-in-bangladesh
#16
Mohammad L Rahman, Molly L Kile, Ema G Rodrigues, Linda Valeri, Anita Raj, Maitreyi Mazumdar, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Russ Hauser, Andrea Baccarelli, Liming Liang, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a disease of multifactorial etiologies that has environmental, social, and maternal health components. Individual studies have shown that exposure to arsenic contaminated drinking water, child marriage, and low maternal weight gain during pregnancy contribute to preterm birth. These factors are highly prevalent and often co-exist in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia with one of the world's highest prevalences of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual and interactive effects of prenatal arsenic exposure, child marriage, and pregnancy weight gain on preterm birth in a prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229362/french-validation-and-adaptation-of-the-grobman-nomogram-for-prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#17
Jean-Baptiste Haumonte, Mélina Raylet, Marie Christophe, Franck Mauviel, Armelle Bertrand, Raoul Desbriere, Claude d'Ercole
OBJECTIVE: To validate Grobman nomogram for predict vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in a French population and adapt it. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study of maternal and obstetric factors associated with VBAC between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternity. External validation and adaptation of the prenatal and intrapartum Grobman nomograms for vaginal birth prediction after cesarean delivery in a French cohort RESULTS: The study included 523 women with previous cesarean deliveries; 70% underwent a trial of labor for a subsequent delivery (n=367) with a success rate of 65% (n=240)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223042/experiences-of-early-labour-management-from-perspectives-of-women-labour-companions-and-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Sarah Beake Rm Ma Research Associate, Yan-Shing Chang Ba MPhil PhD Lecturer, Helen Cheyne Rm Rgn MSc PhD Professor Of Midwifery, Helen Spiby MPhil Rn Rm Professor Of Midwifery, Jane Sandall Rm MSc PhD Professor Of Social Science And Women's Health, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVES: to examine evidence of women's, labour companions' and health professionals' experiences of management of early labour to consider how this could be enhanced to better reflect women's needs. DESIGN: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: women in early labour with term, low risk singleton pregnancies, not booked for a planned caesarean birth or post-dates induction of labour, their labour companions, and health professionals responsible for early labour care (e...
November 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215514/misoprostol-with-foley-bulb-compared-with-misoprostol-alone-for-cervical-ripening-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zainab Al-Ibraheemi, Lois Brustman, Brianne E Bimson, Natalie Porat, Barak Rosenn
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cervical ripening using a combination of misoprostol and a transcervical Foley bulb leads to delivery within a shorter time compared with misoprostol alone. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was offered to women admitted for cervical ripening. Inclusion criteria were gestational age 37 weeks or greater with intact membranes, singleton fetus, cephalic presentation, and Bishop score 6 or less. Exclusion criteria included, among others, prior uterine surgery, ruptured membranes, and any contraindication to vaginal delivery...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215512/term-elective-induction-of-labor-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-obese-women-and-their-offspring
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cassandra M Gibbs Pickens, Michael R Kramer, Penelope P Howards, Martina L Badell, Aaron B Caughey, Carol J Hogue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether elective induction of labor between 39 through 41 weeks of gestation, as compared with expectant management, is associated with reduced cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes among obese women and their offspring. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the 2007-2011 California Linked Patient Discharge Data-Birth Cohort File of 165,975 singleton, cephalic, nonanomalous deliveries to obese women. For each gestational week (39-41), we used multivariable logistic regression models, stratified by parity, to assess whether elective induction of labor or expectant management was associated with lower odds of cesarean delivery and other adverse outcomes...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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