keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

haemoptysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322720/invasive-aspergillus-pseudomembranous-and-obstructive-tracheo-bronchitis-in-an-immuno-competent-patient
#1
Ramesh S Pal, Sonam Spalgais, Amit Kumar Murar, Umesh Chandra Ojha
A 19 year female, presented with life threatening haemoptysis and cough with minimum expectoration for 3 months. Bronchoscopy showed multiple nodules in airway. The direct microscopy and culture of sputum revealed fungal elements and Aspergillus flavus respectively. Serum Galactomannan was positive. Thus diagnosis of invasive aspergillus tracheo-bronchitis made. She responded to voriconazole. Aspergillus tracheo-bronchitis is a rare form of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in immuno-competent host. Aspergillus spp in respiratory samples should not be routinely discarded as colonization...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321967/teratoma-as-unusual-cause-of-chest-pain-hemoptysis-and-dyspnea-in-a-young-patient
#2
Irena Hammen, Achhe Lal Yadav
A 16-year-old girl presented with intermittent left chest pain and breathlessness on exertion for last 4 months with one episode of haemoptysis. There has been loss of appetite and weight loss of 4 kg over a period of 1 month. A chest radiograph revealed a large mass like opacity with pleural effusion in the left lung field. Computerized Tomography scanning (CT scanning) and Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography scanning (PET/CT scanning) demonstrated a 7 cm round, cystic lesion in the anterior mediastinum...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321936/low-voltage-electricity-induced-lung-injury
#3
Thai Truong, Thuong Vu Le, David L Smith, Stephen P Kantrow, Van Ngoc Tran
We report a case of bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and haemoptysis following low-voltage electricity exposure in an agricultural worker. A 58-year-old man standing in water reached for an electric watering machine and sustained an exposure to 220 V circuit for an uncertain duration. The electricity was turned off by another worker, and the patient was asymptomatic for the next 10 h until he developed haemoptysis. A chest radiograph demonstrated bilateral infiltrates, and chest computed tomography (CT) revealed ground-glass opacities with interstitial thickening...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273539/effectiveness-of-who-s-pragmatic-screening-algorithm-for-child-contacts-of-tuberculosis-cases-in-resource-constrained-settings-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-uganda
#4
Leonardo Martinez, Ye Shen, Andreas Handel, Srijita Chakraburty, Catherine M Stein, LaShaunda L Malone, W Henry Boom, Frederick D Quinn, Moses L Joloba, Christopher C Whalen, Sarah Zalwango
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a leading cause of global childhood mortality; however, interventions to detect undiagnosed tuberculosis in children are underused. Child contact tracing has been widely recommended but poorly implemented in resource-constrained settings. WHO has proposed a pragmatic screening approach for managing child contacts. We assessed the effectiveness of this screening approach and alternative symptom-based algorithms in identifying secondary tuberculosis in a prospectively followed cohort of Ugandan child contacts...
December 19, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209422/the-potential-of-palliative-care-for-patients-with-respiratory-diseases
#5
Georgia L Narsavage, Yea-Jyh Chen, Bettina Korn, Ronit Elk
Based on the demonstrated effectiveness of palliative care in the alleviation of symptoms and enhancement of life quality, it is important to incorporate palliative care early in the respiratory disease trajectory. Quality palliative care addresses eight domains that are all patient and family centred. Palliative care interventions in respiratory conditions include management of symptoms such as dyspnoea, cough, haemoptysis, sputum production, fatigue and respiratory secretion management, especially as the end-of-life nears...
December 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207800/right-pulmonary-venous-atresia-a-rare-cause-for-recurrent-unilateral-pneumonia
#6
Prashant P Patil
Recurrent unilateral pneumonia poses a diagnostic dilemma for all paediatricians. Isolated pulmonary venous atresia is an uncommon entity, which presents with recurrent unilateral pulmonary infections, dyspnoea on exertion and haemoptysis. It is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Owing to rarity of condition, there may be some difficulties in the diagnosis and therapy. Pulmonary angiography is the investigation of choice. However, the current multislice CT scanners may obviate the need for pulmonary angiography...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197847/perforated-neuroenteric-cyst-masquerading-as-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation
#7
Sreekar Gundapaneni, Vishesh Jain, Shilpa Sharma, Devendra Kumar Gupta
A 3-month-old child was presented with haemoptysis with respiratory distress. Imaging was suggestive of a cavitary lesion in the lung with surrounding consolidation. Diagnosis of a primary lung pathology like congenital pulmonary airway malformation was considered. Based on clinical suspicion and prior experience, a Tc-99m pertechnetate radionuclide study was performed, which clinched the diagnosis of foregut duplication cyst. Intraoperative findings confirmed the presence of a neuroenteric cyst. The child remains asymptomatic on follow-up awaiting neurosurgical intervention for the intraspinal component of the cyst...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163656/the-usefulness-of-thoracic-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-and-staging-of-bronchogenic-carcinoma
#8
Manal R Hafez, Eman Sm Sobh, Sawsan B Elsawy, Omaima I Abo-Elkheir
Aim: To evaluate (1) the usefulness of thoracic ultrasound in diagnosis and staging of bronchogenic carcinoma by comparing lesion detectability between thoracic- ultrasound and computed tomography and (2) the outcome of thoracic-ultrasound-guided biopsy in diagnosing bronchogenic carcinoma. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 53 patients of confirmed bronchogenic carcinoma. All patients had been investigated by thoracic-ultrasound and chest-computed tomography; data regarding the presence of mass (its size, necrosis), lymph nodes invasion, peritumoural atelectasis, consolidations, pleural effusion, chest wall invasion, and paralysis of the diaphragm were recorded...
November 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156450/current-indications-and-outcome-of-pulmonary-resections-of-tuberculosis-complications-in-ibadan-nigeria
#9
Mudasiru A Salami, Arinola A Sanusi, Victor O Adegboye
OBJECTIVES: To review the current indications and outcome of pulmonary resections for tuberculosis (TB) at the Cardiothoracic Surgery unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients who had lung resections from January 2014 to January 2017 was performed. Data obtained from medical records included demographics, presenting symptoms, indication for surgery, preoperative evaluation and preparation, operative procedure, post-operative complications and follow up...
November 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146725/rare-cause-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#10
Justin Ws Hii, Michael M Page, Andrew Wesseldine
A 72-year-old man presented with weight loss, night sweats and haemoptysis and was hypotensive. CT imaging showed rapidly enlarging bilateral adrenal masses, and he was found to have primary adrenal insufficiency. An adrenal gland biopsy revealed the rare diagnosis of primary adrenal lymphoma. This unique case highlights possible rare causes of adrenal masses and adrenal insufficiency, their investigation and management principles.
November 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063253/risk-factors-for-haemoptysis-after-percutaneous-transthoracic-needle-biopsies-in-4-172-cases-focusing-on-the-effects-of-enlarged-main-pulmonary-artery-diameter
#11
Eui Jin Hwang, Chang Min Park, Soon Ho Yoon, Hyun-Ju Lim, Jin Mo Goo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk factors for haemoptysis after cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB), particularly on whether the enlargement of main pulmonary artery diameter (mPAD) is a risk factor for PTNB-related haemoptysis. METHODS: 4,172 cases of CBCT-guided PTNBs in 3,840 patients were retrospectively included in this study. Various data including mPAD measured on preprocedural CT images were evaluated using logistic regression analyses to determine significant risk factors for both haemoptysis and severe haemoptysis, designated as when blood transfusion, vascular embolisation or cardiopulmonary resuscitation were required to manage patients with haemoptysis...
October 23, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029023/comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-balloon-pulmonary-angioplasty-for-inoperable-chronic-thrombo-embolic-pulmonary-hypertension-long-term-effects-and-procedure-related-complications
#12
Tatsuo Aoki, Koichiro Sugimura, Shunsuke Tatebe, Masanobu Miura, Saori Yamamoto, Nobuhiro Yaoita, Hideaki Suzuki, Haruka Sato, Katsuya Kozu, Ryo Konno, Satoshi Miyata, Kotaro Nochioka, Kimio Satoh, Hiroaki Shimokawa
Aims: Although balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) improves haemodynamics and short-term prognosis in patients with inoperable chronic thrombo-embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), the long-term effects of BPA, and procedure-related complications remain to be fully elucidated. Methods and results: From July 2009 to October 2016, we performed a total of 424 BPA sessions in 84 consecutive patients with inoperable CTEPH. We used 3D reconstructed computed tomography to determine target lesions of pulmonary arteries and optical computed tomography to select balloon size, if needed...
November 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989040/molecular-adequacy-of-image-guided-rebiopsies-for-molecular-retesting-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#13
Nadza Tokaca, Sarah Barth, Mary O'Brien, Jaishree Bhosle, Nicos Fotiadis, Andrew Wotherspoon, Lisa Thompson, Sanjay Popat
INTRODUCTION: In the era of biomarker-driven systemic therapy for advanced NSCLC, the role of routine repeated biopsies for decision making outside EGFR-mutant disease remains unproven. We report our center's experience of safety and adequacy for molecular retesting of tumor material obtained from image-guided lung rebiopsies in NSCLC. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case note analysis of patients undergoing image-guided lung rebiopsies at a single cancer center between 2011 and 2014...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980900/one-year-in-review-2017-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Gulen Hatemi, Emire Seyahi, Izzet Fresko, Rosaria Talarico, Vedat Hamuryudan
A meta-analysis showed that methodological differences in prevalence studies such as a sample survey design or census design may be responsible for some of the variance in BS prevalence reported across countries, in addition to a true geographic variation. Efforts towards developing a data driven core set of outcome measures for clinical trials is continuing. Multimodal imaging using color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography is essential in visualising diagnostic features, detecting structural changes, and monitoring disease activity and response to treatment in Behçet's uveitis...
September 29, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971242/time-dependent-analysis-of-incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-significance-of-pneumothorax-after-percutaneous-lung-biopsy
#15
Woo Hyeon Lim, Chang Min Park, Soon Ho Yoon, Hyun-Ju Lim, Eui Jin Hwang, Jong Hyuk Lee, Jin Mo Goo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the time-dependent incidence, risk factors and clinical significance of percutaneous lung biopsy (PLB)-related pneumothorax. METHODS: From January 2012-November 2015, 3,251 patients underwent 3,354 cone-beam CT-guided PLBs for lung lesions. Cox, logistic and linear regression analyses were performed to identify time-dependent risk factors of PLB-related pneumothorax, risk factors of drainage catheter insertion and those of prolonged catheter placement, respectively...
October 2, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950316/an-unsual-cause-of-haemoptysis
#16
Roopali Khanna, Vinod Kumar, Vivek Singh, Pravin K Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936998/venous-thromboembolism-due-to-hyperhomocysteinaemia-and-tuberculosis
#17
Ankush Chaudhary, Unnati Desai, Jyotsna M Joshi
An 18-year-old male presented to our hospital with complaints of episodic abdominal pain, dry cough and right pleuritic chest pain. He was diagnosed as a case of right tuberculous pleural effusion on the basis of the pleural fluid Genexpert report of Mycobacterium tuberculosis detected sensitive to rifampicin and was started on antituberculous therapy. Forty-five days later, he presented with acute onset breathlessness, swelling of the right leg, streaky haemoptysis and a fresh left-sided pleural effusion. Evaluation revealed venous thromboembolism (right lower lobar segment pulmonary embolism with right leg deep vein thrombosis)...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904006/the-crash-report-emergency-management-dilemmas-facing-acute-physicians-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Laura C Price, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Philip Marino, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Colm McCabe, Aleksander Kemnpy, Lorna Swan, Maria Boutsikou, Ahmed Al Zahrani, Gerry J Coghlan, Benjamin E Schreiber, Luke S Howard, Rachel Davies, Mark Toshner, Joanna Pepke-Zaba, Alistair C Church, Andrew Peacock, Paul A Corris, James L Lordan, Sean Gaine, Robin Condliffe, David G Kiely, Stephen John Wort
Treatment of acute emergencies in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can be challenging. In the UK and Ireland, management of adult patients with PAH is centred in eight nationally designated pulmonary hypertension (PH) centres. However, many patients live far from these centres and physicians in local hospitals are often required to manage PAH emergencies. A committee of physicians from nationally designated PH centres identified the 'most common' emergency clinical scenarios encountered in patients with PAH...
November 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893673/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-as-salvage-treatment-for-pulmonary-echinococcus-granulosus-infection-with-acute-cyst-rupture
#19
Sören L Becker, Sebastian Fähndrich, Franziska C Trudzinski, Barbara Gärtner, Frank Langer, Torben K Becker, Robert Bals, Philipp M Lepper, Christian Lensch
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used successfully for the treatment of patients with respiratory failure due to severe infections. Although rare, parasites can also cause severe pulmonary disease. Tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus give rise to the development of cystic structures in the liver, lungs, and other organs. Acute cyst rupture leads to potentially life-threatening infection, and affected patients may deteriorate rapidly. The case of a young woman from Bulgaria who was admitted to hospital with severe dyspnoea, progressive chest pain, and haemoptysis is described...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889826/recombinant-factor-viia-as-a-rescue-therapy-in-severe-haemoptysis-in-a-patient-with-a-fontan-circulation
#20
Thomas W Mason, Andrew Retter, Gareth J Morgan
We describe the successful use of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) in the control of massive haemoptysis in a 17-year-old patient with a Fontan circulation. The patient was intubated and ventilated in the ICU with deteriorating gas exchange. Conventional methods to control the haemoptysis were ineffective, and rFVIIa was successfully administered as a rescue therapy. rFVIIa is a powerful pro-thrombotic agent, which is only licensed in haemophiliacs with acquired inhibitors to anticoagulation. It has been used off-license in the treatment of massive haemorrhage, although a Cochrane review did not show any significant benefit; however, it may have a role as a rescue therapy where alternatives options have been exhausted after careful risk-benefit analysis...
September 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
keyword
keyword
110980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"