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haemoptysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904449/tracheal-cancer-treatment-results-prognostic-factors-and-incidence-of-other-neoplasms
#1
Aleksandra Napieralska, Leszek Miszczyk, Sławomir Blamek
BACKGROUND: Tracheal cancers (TC) are rare and treatment results that are reported are typically not satisfactory. The purpose of this research was assessment of the results of treatment of TC patients, identification of potential additional surgery candidates, evaluation of prognostic factors, and assessment of the occurrence of other malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Regional Cancer Database and the Hospital Database were searched for patients with tracheal neoplasms...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865221/-massive-upper-airway-bleeding-a-rare-case-of-aortobronchial-fistula
#2
Paola Gudiel Arriaza, Amparo Sánchez Serrano, Jorge Marques do Vale, Isabel Gil Pereira, António Simões Torres, Maria José Martín Sánchez
Clinical presentation of haemoptysis and haematemesis often generates confusion, becoming a difficult task to determine the source of upper airway bleeding. Aortobronchial fistula is a rare entity, but has been a reported complication in patients that have undergone aortic vascular surgery. A high clinical suspicion is fundamental to making this diagnosis. A 69 year old male, with a previous diagnosis of chronic gastritis, is admitted to the emergency room for vomiting blood. In the first 24 hours after admission, the patient develops respiratory insufficiency after an episode of massive bleeding from his mouth...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855686/combined-ultrasound-guided-cutting-needle-biopsy-and-standard-pleural-biopsy-for-diagnosis-of-malignant-pleural-effusions
#3
Jinlin Wang, Xinghua Zhou, Xiaohong Xie, Qing Tang, Panxiao Shen, Yunxiang Zeng
BACKGROUND: The most efficient approach to diagnose malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) is still controversial and uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of a combined approach using ultrasound (US)-guided cutting-needle biopsy (CNB) and standard pleural biopsy (SPB) for diagnosing MPE. METHODS: Pleural effusions were collected from 172 patients for biochemical and microbiological analyses. US-guided CNB and SPB were performed in the same operation sequentially to obtain specimens for histological analysis...
November 17, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820964/long-term-antibiotic-treatment-for-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-in-adults-evidence-current-practice-and-future-use
#4
N Goldman, M R Loebinger, R Wilson
Bronchiectasis is defined pathologically by the permanent dilation of the bronchi and bronchioles and chronic airway inflammation. This is the outcome of a number of different aetiologies but up to half of bronchiectasis cases are labelled idiopathic. It is characterised by a chronic productive cough, haemoptysis, shortness of breath and recurrent infective exacerbations. Long-term antibiotics are used with the aim of reducing symptom severity and exacerbation frequency, improving quality of life and preventing disease progression...
December 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812074/cytomegalovirus-pneumonia-and-pulmonary-haemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-polyarteritis-nodosa
#5
Aysel Sunnetcioglu, Mahmut Sunnetcioglu, Habib Emre, Lokman Soyoral, Ugur Goktas
Cytomegaloviruses are opportunistic pathogens that cause lung infection in immunocompromised individuals. A 24-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with complaints of cough, fever and dyspnoea. He was receiving immunosuppressive therapy for polyarteritis nodosa. A chest X-ray showed heterogeneous right-sided opacity in the middle and lower lung zones. The diagnosis of cytomegalovirus pneumonia was confirmed by positive testfor serum cytomegalovirus IgM antibodies.Oneday after admission, haemoptysis developed and patient with hemoptysis who had shortness of breath was intubated...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811071/bmpr2-mutation-status-influences-bronchial-vascular-changes-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#6
Maria-Rosa Ghigna, Christophe Guignabert, David Montani, Barbara Girerd, Xavier Jaïs, Laurent Savale, Philippe Hervé, Vincent Thomas de Montpréville, Olaf Mercier, Olivier Sitbon, Florent Soubrier, Elie Fadel, Gérald Simonneau, Marc Humbert, Peter Dorfmüller
The impact of bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2) gene mutations on vascular remodelling in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is unknown. We sought to identify a histological profile of BMPR2 mutation carriers.Clinical data and lung histology from 44 PAH patients were subjected to systematic analysis and morphometry.Bronchial artery hypertrophy/dilatation and bronchial angiogenesis, as well as muscular remodelling of septal veins were significantly increased in PAH lungs carrying BMPR2 mutations...
December 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806184/antifibrinolytic-therapy-to-reduce-haemoptysis-from-any-cause
#7
REVIEW
Gabriela Prutsky, Juan Pablo Domecq, Carlos A Salazar, Roberto Accinelli
BACKGROUND: Haemoptysis is a common pathology around the world, occurring with more frequency in low-income countries. It has different etiologies, many of which have infectious characteristics. Antifibrinolytic agents are commonly used to manage bleeding from different sources, but their usefulness in pulmonology is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of antifibrinolytic agents in reducing the volume and duration of haemoptysis in adult and paediatric patients...
November 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797862/coexisting-pulmonary-haemorrhage-and-venous-thrombosis-a-tricky-but-novel-case
#8
Alexandra Fielding, Mira Pecheva, Aser Farghal, Russell Phillips
We present a case of Lemierre's disease complicated by pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm. A previously well woman aged 43 years presented with a history of a sore throat and worsening dyspnoea. She was diagnosed with a severe cavitating bilateral pneumonia complicated by internal jugular vein thrombosis consistent with a diagnosis of Lemierre's disease. She had an episode of massive haemoptysis which was confirmed to be due to a pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm which required radiologically guided embolisation...
October 20, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797803/bronchial-schwannoma-a-singular-lesion-as-a-cause-of-obstructive-pneumonia
#9
Rui Caetano Oliveira, Tiago Nogueira, Vítor Sousa, Lina Carvalho
Bronchial schwannomas are very rare pulmonary lesions, but its awareness is important to reach correct diagnosis and decide proper intervention. Clinical and radiological characteristics are mainly unspecific and pathological examination usually provides the definite diagnosis. In small lesions, endoscopic approach may be sufficient, but in large lesions associated with organising pneumonia surgical intervention may be required. Prognosis is typically favourable. We describe a case of a woman, aged 66 years, with productive cough and sporadic haemoptysis, dyspnoea, anorexia, excessive sweating and weight loss with 2 months evolution...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796076/emergency-management-of-life-threatening-haemoptysis-due-to-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-a-sarcoidosis-patient
#10
Florentina Popescu, Mathias Lutz, Maninder Singh Kalkat, Dincer Aktuerk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791952/bronchial-artery-enlargement-may-be-the-cause-of-recurrent-haemoptysis-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome-patients-with-pulmonary-artery-involvement-during-follow-up
#11
Sinem Nihal Esatoglu, Emire Seyahi, Serdal Ugurlu, Fatih Gulsen, Canan Akman, Murat Cantasdemir, Furuzan Numan, Hasan Tuzun, Melike Melikoglu, Hasan Yazici, Vedat Hamuryudan
OBJECTIVES: Haemoptysis occurring in a Behçet's syndrome (BS) patient with pulmonary artery involvement (PAI) during follow-up is usually regarded as PAI relapse. However, bronchial artery enlargement (BAE) may be the source of haemoptysis in some patients. METHODS: A chart review at the end of December 2014 revealed 118 patients with PAI in our centre since 1979. Nine (all men) had recurrent haemoptysis during follow-up which could not be explained with relapse of PAI...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789029/-haemoptysis-of-unusual-cause
#12
R Hammami, S Charfeddine, S Mallek, H Fourati, L Abid, S Kammoun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780827/when-water-is-thicker-than-blood-recognising-a-systemic-cause-of-haemoptysis
#13
Eileen Wedge, Ed Abrahamson, Gareth Tudor-Williams, Simon Nadel, Jane Deal
The case of an 11-year-old child presenting with acute haemoptysis and breathlessness is described. The girl was Malaysian and had recently arrived in the UK. She subsequently deteriorated, developing respiratory failure. The course of the illness is described, with reference to the diagnostic process at each stage. The case demonstrates the importance of having a broad investigatory approach in acute haemoptysis.
October 25, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769977/rare-cause-of-massive-haemoptysis-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-rasmussen-s-aneurysm
#14
Sankar Neelakantan, Rakesh Anandarajan, Anil Kumar Swamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760430/can-large-hydatid-cysts-resolve-with-medical-treatment-alone
#15
Donald Simon, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Soumitra Sinha Roy, Brian W Allwood, Elvis M Irusen
A 66-year-old female from a rural area in South Africa presented with non-life-threatening haemoptysis. Radiologic and serological investigations attributed her symptoms to bilateral, large echinococcal cysts. She declined surgery despite her lung physiologic parameters, which deemed her eligible. Medical therapy with oral albendazole was initiated with excellent clinical and radiologic response during a follow-up period of 18 months. To our knowledge, this is one of the first reported cases in the literature that shows complete resolution of bilateral large echinococcal cysts with medical treatment alone in an adult patient...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747126/tracheal-lobular-capillary-haemangioma-a-rare-benign-cause-of-recurrent-haemoptysis
#16
Metesh Nalin Acharya, Konstantinos Kotidis, Mahmoud Loubani
Lobular capillary haemangioma (LCH), previously known as pyogenic granuloma, is a benign vascular lesion commonly found within the oral and nasal cavity. However, it is rarely encountered within the trachea, where presenting features include recurrent haemoptysis, cough, and wheeze. We here describe a case of a 7 mm tracheal LCH in a 56-year-old woman, which was successfully resected at interventional bronchoscopy using biopsy forceps. Clinicians should be aware of tracheal LCH in the differential diagnosis for recurrent haemoptysis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728701/haemoptysis-as-a-rare-presentation-of-ruptured-amoebic-liver-abscess
#17
J C Rasmi, B G Shivakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728065/haemoptysis-as-a-rare-manifestation-of-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report
#18
Gowtham Krishna Bandreddi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687319/first-line-treatment-of-nsclc-with-bevacizumab-real-world-data-from-an-italian-regional-based-survey
#19
Andrea Camerini, Antonio Chella, Francesca Mazzoni, Cheti Puccetti, Sara Donati, Alice Lunghi, Paolo Petreni, Gianna Tartarelli, Massimiliano Serradori, Francesco Di Costanzo, Domenico Amoroso
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the use of platinum plus bevacizumab in a real world NSCLC population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from patients affected by NS-NSCLC treated with platinum plus bevacizumab across Tuscany. RESULTS: We evaluated 62 (median age: 63.5 [30-77] years) pts. All but one presented with adenocarcinoma and the majority had ECOG PS of 0/1. 17.7% presented with central lesion, 11.3% with brain metastasis, 38...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644948/idiopathic-pulmonary-haemosiderosis-in-paediatric-patients-how-to-make-an-early-diagnosis
#20
Luca Castellazzi, Maria Francesca Patria, Gemma Frati, Andrea Alessandro Esposito, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare but potentially lethal condition in paediatric patients. This condition is considered an immune-mediated disorder, but its pathogenesis is still unknown. Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is characterized by the classical triad of haemoptysis, iron-deficiency anaemia, and diffuse parenchymal consolidation on chest radiology. Unfortunately, this triad of signs is not frequent in children at the onset of this disease, resulting in a delay in diagnosis and a negative outcome...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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