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Ya Gao, Yingbo Wang, Yimin Wang, Wenguo Cui
A major goal of biomimetics is the development of chemical compositions and structures that simulate the extracellular matrix. In this study, gelatin-based electrospun composite fibrous membranes were prepared by electrospinning to generate bone scaffold materials. The gelatin-based multicomponent composite fibers were fabricated using co-electrospinning, and the composite fibers of chitosan (CS), gelatin (Gel), hydroxyapatite (HA), and graphene oxide (GO) were successfully fabricated for multi-function characteristics of biomimetic scaffolds...
October 21, 2016: Marine Drugs
Han Yang, Amir Sheikhi, Theo G M van de Ven
A novel biopolymer-based aerogel was developed by freeze-drying a hydrogel, synthesized from crosslinking bifunctional hairy nanocrystalline cellulose and carboxymethylated chitosan through a Schiff base reaction. The nanocelluloses, bearing aldehyde and carboxylic acid groups, facilitated the crosslinking with chitosan through imine bond formation while providing negatively-charged functional groups, and chitosan was modified to accommodate carboxylic acid. The potential of this bio-aerogel in environmental remediation was examined in a model system comprising methylene blue, a cationic dye...
October 24, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Nivethaa E A K, Dhanavel S, Narayanan V, Stephen A
Fluorescent CS/Ag-Au (chitosan/silver-gold) nanocomposite containing different weight percentage of Ag and Au was synthesized using the chemical reduction method. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) encapsulated nanocomposite was also synthesized and its cytotoxicity towards breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7) studied. The XRD pattern of the nanocomposite shows peaks of chitosan, silver and gold. The peaks corresponding to gold and silver indicate the face centered cubic structure of silver and gold nanoparticles. The polymer matrix nanocomposite structure with chitosan as the matrix and silver-gold as the filler phase is evident from the high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images and an increase in particle size from∼5nm to about 12nm is noticeable on encapsulation of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Chatchai Muanprasat, Varanuj Chatsudthipong
Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) is an oligomer of β-(1➔4)-linked D-glucosamine. COS can be prepared from the deacetylation and hydrolysis of chitin, which is commonly found in the exoskeletons of arthropods and insects and the cell walls of fungi. COS is water soluble, non-cytotoxic, readily absorbed through the intestine and mainly excreted in the urine. Of particular importance, COS and its derivatives have been demonstrated to possess several biological activities including anti-inflammation, immunostimulation, anti-tumor, anti-obesity, anti-hypertension, anti-Alzheimer's disease, tissue regeneration promotion, drug and DNA delivery enhancement, anti-microbial, anti-oxidation and calcium-absorption enhancement...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Hugh S O'Neill, Caroline C Herron, Conn L Hastings, Roel Deckers, Adolfo Lopez Noriega, Helena M Kelly, Wim E Hennink, Ciarán O McDonnell, Fergal J O'Brien, Eduardo Ruiz-Hernández, Garry P Duffy
Lysolipid-based thermosensitive liposomes (LTSL) embedded in a chitosan-based thermoresponsive hydrogel matrix (denoted Lipogel) represents a novel approach for the spatiotemporal release of therapeutic agents. The entrapment of drug-loaded liposomes in an injectable hydrogel permits local liposome retention, thus providing a prolonged release in target tissues. Moreover, release can be controlled through the use of a minimally invasive external hyperthermic stimulus. Temporal control of release is particularly important for complex multi-step physiological processes, such as angiogenesis, in which different signals are required at different times in order to produce a robust vasculature...
October 20, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Tamilselvan Abiraman, Ethirajan Ramanathan, Ganapathy Kavitha, Ramasamy Rengasamy, Sengottuvelan Balasubramanian
The synthesis of chitosan capped copper oxide nanoleaves (CCCO NLs) was carried out under three different reaction conditions viz. 1) room temperature, 2) 70°C and 3) high intensity ultrasound (30kHz) sonication method and it has been found that the high intensity ultrasound (30kHz) sonication is the best method when compared to other two methods. The advantages of the present synthetic method are: i) easy one step process, ii) lesser reaction time, iii) good yield, iv) reproducible and v) calcination is not required...
January 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Daming Wang, Wei Liu, Qian Feng, Chaoqun Dong, Qisong Liu, Li Duan, Jianghong Huang, Weimin Zhu, Zemeng Li, Jianyi Xiong, Yujie Liang, Jielin Chen, Rong Sun, Liming Bian, Daping Wang
Inorganic/organic hybrid scaffolds have great potential for tissue engineering applications due to controllable mechanical properties and tailorable biodegradation. Here, silica/chitosan hybrid scaffolds were fabricated through the sol-gel method with a freeze drying process. 3-Glycidoxypropyl trimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) were used as the covalent inorganic/organic coupling agent and the separate inorganic source, respectively. Hybrid scaffolds with various inorganic/organic weight ratios (I/Os) and molar ratios of chitosan and GPTMS (GCs) were examined and compared in this study...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Preeti Pandey, Peter J Cabot, Benjamin Wallwork, Benedict J Panizza, Harendra S Parekh
Mucoadhesive in situ gelling systems (soluble gels) have received considerable attention recently as effective stimuli-transforming vectors for a range of drug delivery applications. Considering this fact, the present work involves systematic formulation development, optimization, functional evaluation and ex vivo performance of thermosensitive soluble gels containing dexamethasone 21-phosphate disodium salt (DXN) as the model therapeutic. A series of in situ gel-forming systems comprising the thermoreversible polymer poloxamer-407 (P407), along with hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) and chitosan were first formulated...
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wanachat Chaiyasan, Sakonwun Praputbut, Uday B Kompella, Sangly P Srinivas, Waree Tiyaboonchai
Topical application of drugs to the eyes suffers from poor bioavailability at the ocular surface and in the anterior chamber. This is due to rapid clearance of the drug because of tear secretion and outflow. This study has investigated mucoadhesive and penetration characteristics of chitosan-dextran sulfate nanoparticles (CDNs), prepared by polyelectrolyte complexation technique, following topical administration to the ocular surface. Topical FITC-labeled CDNs (FCDNs; mean size of 400nm and a surface charge of +48mV) were retained on the porcine ocular surface for more than 4h...
October 17, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Joel Jerushan Thevarajah, Matthew Paul Van Leeuwen, Herve Cottet, Patrice Castignolles, Marianne Gaborieau
Chitosan is often characterized by its average degree of acetylation. To increase chitosan's use in various industries, a more thorough characterization is necessary as the acetylation of chitosan affects properties such as dissolution and mechanical properties of chitosan films. Despite the poor solubility of chitosan, free solution capillary electrophoresis (CE) allows a robust separation of chitosan by the degree of acetylation. The distribution of degrees of acetylation of various chitosan samples was characterized through their distributions of electrophoretic mobilities...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Shamsa Aliramaji, Ali Zamanian, Masoud Mozafari
Tissue engineering is a promising approach in repairing damaged tissues. During the last few years, magnetic nanoparticles have been of great interest in this field of study due to their controlled responsive characteristics in specific external magnetic fields. In this study, after synthesizing iron oxide (magnetite) nanoparticles through a reverse coprecipitation method, silk fibroin/chitosan-based magnetic scaffolds were prepared using different amounts of magnetite nanoparticles (0, 0.5, 1 and 2%) by freeze-casting method...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Yu-Sheng Hsueh, Sadhasivam Subramaniam, Yi-Cheng Tseng, Te-Ming Chiang, Ondrej Mestak, Teng-Kuei Cheng, Tzong-Fu Kuo, Savitha Sivasubramanian, Feng-Huei Lin, Ming-Jium Shieh
Chitosan nanoparticles modified with 10 and 30% urocanic acid (CUA) via carbodiimide crosslinking were examined for an efficient gene delivery carrier. The CUA gene carrier was characterized by FTIR, TEM, SEM and the in vitro transfection efficiency CUA polyplex was tested with HeLa and 3T3 cells. The loading efficiency of CUA complexes with DNA was assessed at different N/P ratio of 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. The DNA loading efficiency was found be to >85% for chitosan, CUA10 and CUA30% and the DNA protection ability of CUA10 and CUA30 nanoparticle complexes was confirmed upon incubation with NheI and HindIII...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Loan Bui, Adham Aleid, Ahmad Alassaf, Otto C Wilson, Christopher B Raub, Victor Frenkel
In vitro investigations of ultrasound mediated, intracellular drug and gene delivery (i.e. sonoporation) are typically carried out in cells cultured in standard plastic well plates. This creates conditions that poorly resemble in vivo conditions, as well as generating unwanted ultrasound phenomena that may confound the interpretation of results. Here, we present our results in the development of a biological scaffold for sonoporation studies. The scaffolds were comprised of cellulose fibers coated with chitosan and gelatin...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
S Anandhakumar, G Krishnamoorthy, K M Ramkumar, A M Raichur
In recent years, nanoparticles (NPs) based on biopolymers or peptides are gaining popularity for the encapsulation and release of drug molecules, especially for cancer therapy, due to their ability for targeted and controlled release. The use of collagen peptide (CP) for the preparation of chitosan (CN) NPs is especially interesting as it results in NPs that are stable under physiological conditions. In this work, mono-dispersed pH responsive CPCN NPs of about 100nm were prepared via ionic gelation method by simple and mild co-precipitation of CN and CP...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
A N Severyukhina, N V Petrova, A M Yashchenok, D N Bratashov, K Smuda, I A Mamonova, N A Yurasov, D M Puchinyan, R Georgieva, H Bäumler, A Lapanje, D A Gorin
Increasing antimicrobial resistance requires the development of novel materials and approaches for treatment of various infections. Utilization of photodynamic therapy represents an advanced alternative to antibiotics and metal-based agents. Here, we report the fabrication of electrospun material that possesses benefits of both topical antimicrobial and photodynamic therapies. This material combines chitosan, as a biocompatible polymer, and a second generation photosensitizer. The incorporation of photosensitizer doesn't affect the material morphology and its nearly uniform distribution in fibers structure was observed by confocal Raman microscopy...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Huinan Chen, Xiaodong Xing, Huaping Tan, Yang Jia, Tianle Zhou, Yong Chen, Zhonghua Ling, Xiaohong Hu
An antibacterial and biodegradable composite hydrogel dressing integrated with microspheres is developed for drug delivery and wound healing. The mechanism of gelation is attributed to the Schiff-base reaction between aldehyde and amino groups of oxidized alginate (OAlg) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS). To enhance antibacterial and mechanical properties, tetracycline hydrochloride (TH) loaded gelatin microspheres (GMs) were fabricated by an emulsion cross-linking method, followed by integrating into the OAlg-CMCS hydrogel to produce a composite gel dressing...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Lei Li, Guohua Jiang, Weijiang Yu, Depeng Liu, Hua Chen, Yongkun Liu, Zaizai Tong, Xiangdong Kong, Juming Yao
To overcome multiple barriers for oral delivery of insulin, the chitosan-based multifunctional nanocarriers modified by L-valine (LV, used as a target ligand to facilitate the absorption of the small intestine) and phenylboronic acid (PBA, used as a glucose-responsive unit) have been designed and evaluated in this study. The resultant nanocarriers exhibited low cytotoxicity against HT-29 cells and excellent stability against protein solution. The insulin release behaviors were evaluated triggered by pH and glucose in vitro...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Kedong Song, Liying Li, Xinyu Yan, Wen Zhang, Yu Zhang, Yiwei Wang, Tianqing Liu
In this study, the interaction of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) with chitosan/β-glycerophosphate/collagen (C/GP/Co) hybrid hydrogel was test, followed by investigating the capability of engineered adipose tissue formation using this ADSCs seeded hydrogel. The ADSCs were harvested and mixed with a C/GP/Co hydrogel followed by a gelation at 37°C and an in vitro culture. The results showed that the ADSCs within C/GP/Co hydrogels achieved a 30% of expansion over 7days in culture medium and encapsulated cell in C/GP/Co hydrogel demonstrated a characteristic morphology with high viability over 5days...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jaya R Lakkakula, Thabo Matshaya, Rui Werner Maçedo Krause
Cyclodextrins (CDs) have widely been used as component of drug delivery systems. However unmodified cyclodextrins are associated with cytotoxicity and poor water solubility thus limiting their use in pharmaceutical industry. The cationic-β-cyclodextrin (Cat-β-CD) polymer cores were synthesized using β-CD, epichlorohydrin and choline chloride via a one-step polycondensation process. The main aim of this study was to synthesize hierarchical nanoflowers composed of cationic-β-CD as polymeric core along with alginate and chitosan "petals" (Cat-β-CD/Alg-Chi nanoflowers) as carriers for oral delivery of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) via an ionic-gelation technique...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Juan Wu, Wei Jiang, Yewen Shen, Wei Jiang, Renbing Tian
Multifunctional nanocarriers based on the Fe3O4 nanoparticles core and mesoporous silica shell (mSiO2) were synthesized for controlled drug release through magnetic targeting and pH-sensitive performances. The developed Fe3O4@mSiO2 nanocarriers exhibited a suitable size (63nm) and good magnetic responsibility, doxorubicin (DOX) could be successfully loaded into the mesoporous of Fe3O4@mSiO2 via electrostatic interaction, and the drug loading content and loading efficiency are 29.3% and 93.6%, respectively. The chitosan (CS) was employed to wrap the Fe3O4@mSiO2-DOX as the blocking agent to inhibit premature drug release, and the final CS/Fe3O4@mSiO2-DOX exhibited excellent pH-sensitivity, 86...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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