keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chitosan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346739/a-novel-approach-to-limit-chemical-deterioration-of-gilthead-sea-bream%C3%A2-sparus-aurata-%C3%A2-fillets-coating-with-electrospun-nanofibers-as-characterized-by-molecular-thermal-and-microstructural-properties
#1
Zafer Ceylan, Gulgun F Unal Sengor, Mustafa Tahsin Yilmaz
Coating of sea bream fillets with thymol loaded chitosan based electrospun nanofibers (TLCN) and chitosan based nanafibers (CN) has been presented a novel approach to delay chemical deterioration. We assessed CN and TLCN with respect of scanting of total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN), trimethylamine (TMA), thiobarbituric acid (TBA) deterioration during cold storage condition. Electrospinning process was applied to obtain TLCN and CN. Both of nanofibers obtained from biopolymer and bioactive material were cylindrical, smooth, beadless...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346381/multifaceted-applications-of-chitosan-in-cancer-drug-delivery-and-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Anish Babu, Rajagopal Ramesh
Chitosan is a versatile polysaccharide of biological origin. Due to the biocompatible and biodegradable nature of chitosan, it is intensively utilized in biomedical applications in scaffold engineering as an absorption enhancer, and for bioactive and controlled drug release. In cancer therapy, chitosan has multifaceted applications, such as assisting in gene delivery and chemotherapeutic delivery, and as an immunoadjuvant for vaccines. The present review highlights the recent applications of chitosan and chitosan derivatives in cancer therapy...
March 27, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346376/blend-hydrogel-microspheres-of-carboxymethyl-chitosan-and-gelatin-for-the-controlled-release-of-5-fluorouracil
#3
Vanarchi Rajini Kanth, Praveen B Kajjari, Priya M Madalageri, Sakey Ravindra, Lata S Manjeshwar, Tejraj M Aminabhavi
Carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) was synthesized and blended with gelatin (GE) to prepare hydrogel microspheres by w/o emulsion cross-linking in the presence of glutaraldehyde (GA), which acted as a cross-linker. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) was encapsulated to investigate its controlled release (CR) characteristics in acidic (pH 1.2) and alkaline (pH 7.4) buffer media. The microspheres which formed were spherical in nature, with smooth surfaces, as judged by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the carboxymethylation of CS and the chemical stability of 5-FU in the formulations...
March 27, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345377/green-microparticles-based-on-a-chitosan-lactobionic-acid-linoleic-acid-association-characterization-and-evaluation-as-a-new-carrier-system-for-cosmetics
#4
C Chaouat, S Balayssac, M Malet-Martino, F Belaubre, E Questel, A M Schmitt, S Poigny, S Franceschi, E Perez
The association chitosan/linoleic acid/lactobionic acid in aqueous solution spontaneously led to the formation of stable microparticles with a liquid hydrophobic core consisting of linoleic acid surrounded by a shell of chitosan/lactobionic acid. The originality of the microparticles arises from the fact that they are formed by the association of three ingredients of cosmetic interest, including a skin penetration enhancer (linoleic acid). DLS measurements showed microparticles with a mean diameter of 1 to 2 µm...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344399/extraction-of-chitosan-and-its-oligomers-from-shrimp-shell-waste-their-characterization-and-antimicrobial-effect
#5
Tarun Kumar Varun, Swaraj Senani, Natasha Jayapal, Jayaram Chikkerur, Sohini Roy, Vijay Bhasker Tekulapally, Mayank Gautam, Narender Kumar
AIM: The present study was performed to utilize the shrimp shell waste for chitin and chitosan production, characterization by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) technique and to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of chitosan oligomers produced by depolymerization of chitosan by nitrous acid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chitosan was extracted from the shrimp shell waste by the chemical method and characterized by FT-IR. Chitooligomers were produced by depolymerising chitosan using nitrous acid, and the chitooligomers were tested for antimicrobial effect against four gut pathogenic organisms, i...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343119/synergistically-enhanced-stability-of-laccase-immobilized-on-synthesized-silver-nanoparticles-with-water-soluble-polymers
#6
M N M Cunha, H P Felgueiras, I Gouveia, A Zille
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by citrate reduction method in the presence of polymers, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and chitosan, used as stabilizing agents, and an oxidoreductase enzyme, laccase (Lac), with the goal of expanding the NPs antimicrobial action. AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectrometry, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. As protecting agents, PEG and PVA promoted the formation of spherical uniformly-shaped, small-sized, monodispersed AgNPs (≈20nm)...
March 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342758/effects-of-low-frequency-ultrasound-on-heterogenous-deacetylation-of-chitin
#7
Ngo Thi Hoai Duong, Ngo Dang Nghia
The effects of low frequency ultrasound to the heterogeneous deacetylation of chitin from the shell of white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) were examined. The deacetylation process was carried out in the range of NaOH concentrations from 35% to 65% (w/w) with and without the ultrasound in the frequency of 37kHz, RMS=300W. The chitosan obtained was characterized in the degree of deacetylation, solubility, FT-IR and X-ray diffraction. The results showed that the behaviors of the deacetylation in two cases, with and without ultrasound, were similar but the ultrasound enhanced the deacetylation rate and therefore reduced the time of the reaction to get the same degree of deacetylation...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342756/photocatalytic-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-chitosan-tio2-nanocomposite
#8
K T Karthikeyan, A Nithya, K Jothivenkatachalam
Chitosan, a natural polysaccharide widely used for various biological applications due to their potential benefits. Incorporation of biomaterials with semiconductor has been exploited for waste water treatment and biological applications due to their nanometric sizes and biocompatibility of chitosan. Chitosan-Titanium dioxide (CS-TiO2) nanocomposite was synthesized and their optical, structural, spectral, thermal, morphological and elemental analyses were carried out by several techniques. The particle size of the synthesized CS-TiO2 nanocomposite was around 90nm and has a crystalline structure with anatase phase of TiO2...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342754/dietary-supplementation-of-thiamine-and-pyridoxine-loaded-vanillic-acid-grafted-chitosan-microspheres-enhances-growth-performance-metabolic-and-immune-responses-in-experimental-rats
#9
C S Tejpal, N S Chatterjee, K Elavarasan, R G K Lekshmi, R Anandan, K K Asha, B Ganesan, S Mathew, C N Ravishankar
In the present investigation, the effect of dietary supplementation of thiamine and pyridoxine loaded vanillic acid-grafted chitosan microspheres (TPVGC) on growth, metabolic and immune responses in Wistar strain albino rats was studied. Eight experimental groups, namely four groups each for male and female rats were fed with 0, 0.4, 0.8 and 1.6% of TPVGC in the diet. At the end of 45days feeding trials, both male and female rats supplemented with TPVGC had higher weight gain % and specific growth rate than the control groups...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342753/evaluation-of-chitosan-as-a-wall-material-for-microencapsulation-of-squalene-by-spray-drying-characterization-and-oxidative-stability-studies
#10
Lekshmi R G Kumar, N S Chatterjee, C S Tejpal, K V Vishnu, K K Anas, K K Asha, R Anandan, Suseela Mathew
The present study was aimed at investigating the efficacy of chitosan as a wall material for microencapsulation of squalene by spray drying for functional food applications. Based on different core to wall material ratio (1:1, 0.5:1 and 0.3:1 on w/w basis), emulsions were prepared and evaluated in terms of emulsion stability, particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity Index (PDI), rheology and microstructure. The optimized emulsion combination was spray dried and characterized, physically and chemically...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342752/chitosan-doped-hybrid-tio2-nanocomposite-based-sol-gel-coating-for-the-corrosion-resistance-of-aluminum-metal-in-3-5-nacl-medium
#11
Balaji J, Sethuraman M G
The study outlines the role of chitosan, a biopolymer on corrosion behavior of Hy/nano-TiO2 based sol-gel coating over aluminum metal. In this study organic-inorganic hybrid sols were synthesized through hydrolysis and condensation of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxy silane (GPTMS), tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and titanium (IV) isopropoxide (TIP) in acidic solution. Chitosan was doped into sol-gel matrix and self-assembled over aluminum substrate. The resultant chitosan-doped-Hy/nano-TiO2 sol-gel coating was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectra, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) analyses...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340746/a-novel-sensitive-amperometric-choline-biosensor-based-on-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-and-gold-nanoparticles
#12
Hend Samy Magar, Mariana Emilia Ghica, Mohammed Nooredeen Abbas, Christopher M A Brett
A novel amperometric biosensor for choline determination has been developed, exploiting the electrocatalytic properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and gold nanoparticles (GNP). Chitosan (Chit), a natural biocompatible polymer, was used to disperse CNT, then Chit-MWCNT was dropped on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), followed by GNP; finally, choline oxidase (ChOx) was immobilized by glutaraldehyde crosslinking. The ChOx/(GNP)4/MWCNT/GCE exhibited linear response to choline from 3 to 120µM, the sensitivity was 204µAcm(-2)mM(-1) and the detection limit was 0...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340722/amperometric-biosensors-based-on-carboxylated-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-metal-oxide-nanoparticles-7-7-8-8-tetracyanoquinodimethane-composite-for-the-determination-of-xanthine
#13
Berna Dalkıran, Pınar Esra Erden, Esma Kılıç
A comparison of the analytical performances of two xanthine biosensors, based on the use of different metal oxide nanoparticles (MONPs: Co3O4 or Fe3O4)-modified carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (c-MWCNTs)-7,7',8,8'-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ)-chitosan (CHIT) composite, is discussed. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) enzyme was covalently attached to c-MWCNTs/MONPs/TCNQ/CHIT/GCE via N-ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and N-hydroxy succinimide (NHS) chemistry and the electrode surface was further modified with Nafion in order to minimize the effect of possible interfering substances...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340712/a-double-mediator-based-whole-cell-electrochemical-biosensor-for-acute-biotoxicity-assessment-of-wastewater
#14
Guanyue Gao, Deyu Fang, Yuan Yu, Liangzhuan Wu, Yu Wang, Jinfang Zhi
This work investigates the feasibility and sensitivity of a double-mediator based whole cell electrochemical biosensor to detect the acute biotoxicity of wastewater. The lipophilic mediator menadione was used to mediate the intracellular metabolic activities whereas hydrophilic potassium ferricyanide was employed as extracellular electron acceptor to transport the electron from the menadiol to anode. A chitosan hydrogel polymer film with boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond (BND) particles was electrodeposited onto a glassy carbon (GC) electrode to immobilize Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells and the mediators...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340483/improving-the-water-solubility-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-silymarin-by-nanoencapsulation
#15
Ji-Soo Lee, Da Young Hong, Eun Suh Kim, Hyeon Gyu Lee
The aims of this study were to improve the water solubility and antimicrobial activity of milk thistle silymarin by nanoencapsulation and to assess the functions of silymarin nanoparticle-containing film as an antimicrobial food-packaging agent. Silymarin nanoparticles were prepared using water-soluble chitosan (WCS) and poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA). As the WCS and silymarin concentrations increased, particle size and polydispersity index (PDI) significantly increased. Nanoencapsulation significantly improved the water solubility of silymarin 7...
March 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340358/lysosomal-rupture-induced-by-structurally-distinct-chitosans-either-promotes-a-type-1-ifn-response-or-activates-the-inflammasome-in-macrophages
#16
David Fong, Pascal Grégoire-Gélinas, Alexandre P Cheng, Tal Mezheritsky, Marc Lavertu, Sachiko Sato, Caroline D Hoemann
Chitosan is a family of glucosamine and N-acetyl glucosamine polysaccharides with poorly understood immune modulating properties. Here, functional U937 macrophage responses were analyzed in response to a novel library of twenty chitosans with controlled degree of deacetylation (DDA, 60-98%), molecular weight (1 to >100 kDa), and acetylation pattern (block vs. random). Specific chitosan preparations (10 or 190 kDa 80% block DDA and 3, 5, or 10 kDa 98% DDA) either induced macrophages to release CXCL10 and IL-1ra at 5-50 μg/mL, or activated the inflammasome to release IL-1β and PGE2 at 50-150 μg/mL...
March 15, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337702/synthesis-and-characterization-of-surface-modified-fluorescent-and-biocompatible-zns-nanoparticles-with-a-hydrophobic-chitosan-derivative
#17
B Jothimani, S Sureshkumar, B Venkatachalapathy
The introduction of a hydrophobic moiety on chitosan enhances the self-assembling properties, mucoadhesion, the permeability of the macromolecule and aids in target specific delivery. Our group synthesized a hydrophobic trans N-(6,6-Dimethyl-2-hepten-4-ynyl)chitosan derivative (CSD) and studied the surface modification of ZnS nanoparticles in a single pot reaction. X-ray diffraction studies and FESEM imaging confirms the nano size and morphology of the surface modified Zinc sulfide nanoparticles (ZnS-CSD NPs)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337667/self-assembled-polyelectrolyte-complexes-films-as-efficient-compression-coating-layers-for-controlled-releasing-tablets
#18
Wenyan Li, Mengmeng Huo, Arka Sen Chaudhuri, Chen Yang, Dazhong Cao, Zhenghong Wu, Xiaole Qi
Currently, polysaccharide-based hydrogels are widely studied macromolecular networks to modify drug dissolution from controlled-releasing matrix tablets. Among them, polyelectrolyte complexes (PEC) films consisted of chitosan (CS) and sodium alginate (SA) could be obtained via spontaneously assembling under physiological gastrointestinal environment. Here, we utilized these self-assembled PEC films as an efficient coating materials to develop controlled-released matrix tablets through compression coating process, with paracetamol (APAP) as model drug...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337023/reconstruction-of-large-scale-defects-with-a-novel-hybrid-scaffold-made-from-poly-l-lactic-acid-nanohydroxyapatite-alendronate-loaded-chitosan-microsphere-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#19
Hongwei Wu, Pengfei Lei, Gengyan Liu, Yu Shrike Zhang, Jingzhou Yang, Longbo Zhang, Jie Xie, Wanting Niu, Hua Liu, Jianming Ruan, Yihe Hu, Chaoyue Zhang
A chitosan-based microsphere delivery system has been fabricated for controlled release of alendronate (AL). The present study aimed to incorporate the chitosan/hydroxyapatite microspheres-loaded with AL (CH/nHA-AL) into poly(L-lactic acid)/nanohydroxyapatite (PLLA/nHA) matrix to prepare a novel microspheres-scaffold hybrid system (CM-ALs) for drug delivery and bone tissue engineering application. The characteristics of CM-ALs scaffolds containing 10% and 20% CH/nHA-AL were evaluated in vitro, including surface morphology and porosity, mechanical properties, drug release, degradation, and osteogenic differentiation...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336893/chitosan-functionalized-graphene-oxide-as-a-potential-immunoadjuvant
#20
Ting Yan, Huijie Zhang, Dandi Huang, Shini Feng, Morihisa Fujita, Xiao-Dong Gao
The application of graphene oxide (GO) as a potential vaccine adjuvant has recently attracted considerable attention. However, appropriate surface functionalization of GO is crucial to improve its biocompatibility and enhance its adjuvant activity. In this study, we developed a simple method to prepare chitosan (CS)-functionalized GO (GO-CS) and further investigated its potential as a nanoadjuvant. Compared with GO, GO-CS possessed considerably smaller size, positive surface charge, and better thermal stability...
March 8, 2017: Nanomaterials
keyword
keyword
11097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"