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presbyphagia swallowing

Alfonso Reginelli, Marilina D'Amora, Lucia Del Vecchio, Luigi Monaco, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Natale Di Martino, Umberto Barillari, Gaetano Motta, Salvatore Cappabianca, Roberto Grassi
Presbyphagia represents the physiological aging evolution of the swallowing function. It is related to the natural changes of the anatomical structures involved in the swallowing process. These age-related modifications can be asymptomatic in the early stages of life, but in the late stages, they could lead to dysphagia, aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, or malnutrition, reducing the quality of life. Videofluoromanometry (VFM) is the combined study of videofluoroscopy (VFS) and oropharyngeal manometry that allows simultaneous identification of functional and morphological features of the presbyphagia, also in asymptomatic otherwise healthy elderly adults...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
H Wakabayashi
Presbyphagia refers to age-related changes in the swallowing mechanism in the elderly associated with a frailty in swallowing. Presbyphagia is different from dysphagia. Sarcopenic dysphagia is difficulty swallowing due to sarcopenia of generalized skeletal muscles and swallowing muscles. Age-related loss of swallowing muscle mass becomes evident in the geniohyoid muscle and tongue. Elderly subjects with both sarcopenia and dysphagia may have not only disease-related dysphagia but also sarcopenic dysphagia. In cases of aspiration pneumonia, deterioration in activity-, disease-, and nutrition-related sarcopenia of generalized skeletal muscles and swallowing muscles may develop into sarcopenic dysphagia...
2014: Journal of Frailty & Aging
C Schwemmle, M Jungheim, S Miller, D Kühn, M Ptok
As a highly differentiated physiological process, swallowing may be affected by a variety of confounding factors. Primarily described are swallowing disorders caused by mechanical anatomic changes (e. g., alteration of the cervical spine, goiter), surgery for head and neck tumors, thyroid abnormalities, and neuromuscular disorders. Age-related cerebral neurological and blood vessel-associated changes can also cause dysphagia (so-called presbyphagia) or worsen the condition.Medication-associated dysphagia is recognized far less frequently, not paid due attention, or accepted in silence; particularly in older patients...
July 2015: HNO
P Muhle, R Wirth, J Glahn, R Dziewas
The term presbyphagia refers to all changes of swallowing physiology that are manifested with increasing age. Alterations in the pattern of deglutition that are part of healthy aging are called primary presbyphagia. Primary presbyphagia is not an illness in itself but contributes to a more pervasive naturally diminished functional reserve, making older adults more susceptible to dysphagia. If disorders in swallowing occur in the elderly as a comorbidity of a specific disease, for example stroke or neurodegenerative disorders, this is called secondary presbyphagia...
April 2015: Der Nervenarzt
Teresa E Lever, Ryan T Brooks, Lori A Thombs, Loren L Littrell, Rebecca A Harris, Mitchell J Allen, Matan D Kadosh, Kate L Robbins
Presbyphagia affects approximately 40% of otherwise healthy people over 60 years of age. Hence, it is a condition of primary aging rather than a consequence of primary disease. This distinction warrants systematic investigations to understand the causal mechanisms of aging versus disease specifically on the structure and function of the swallowing mechanism. Toward this goal, we have been studying healthy aging C57BL/6 mice (also called B6), the most popular laboratory rodent for biomedical research. The goal of this study was to validate this strain as a model of presbyphagia for translational research purposes...
June 2015: Dysphagia
Hidetaka Wakabayashi
Sarcopenic dysphagia is difficulty swallowing due to sarcopenia of generalized skeletal muscles and swallowing muscles. Presbyphagia refers to age-related changes in the swallowing mechanism in the elderly associated with a frailty in swallowing. Presbyphagia is different from dysphagia. The most common cause of dysphagia is stroke. However, sarcopenic dysphagia may be common in the elderly with sarcopenia and dysphagia. Frail elderly with aspiration pneumonia can simultaneously experience activity-, disease-, and nutrition-related sarcopenia of generalized skeletal muscles and swallowing muscles, resulting in the development of sarcopenic dysphagia...
October 2014: Clinical Calcium
Chin-Man Wang, Ji-Yih Chen, Chiung-Cheng Chuang, Wen-Chun Tseng, Alice M K Wong, Yu-Cheng Pei
AIM: Previous studies have shown that the process of swallowing changes with aging, a phenomenon known as presbyphagia. These subtle and subclinical age-related changes make older adults more vulnerable to dysphagia during disease insults. However, there are limited studies of the swallowing process in older adults, because measurements are typically invasive or require exposure to X-rays. In the present study, we used integrated non-invasive measurements to determine aging-related changes of swallowing, and in the coordination of swallowing and respiration for a population of healthy participants...
June 2015: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
C Liesenborghs, E Dejaeger, L Liesenborghs, J Tack, N Rommel
PRESBYPHAGIA: THE INFLUENCE OF PRIMARY AGING ON SWALLOWING FUNCTION: Elderly often get confronted with swallowing difficulties. It is important to differentiate between presbyphagia, which describes the influence of primary aging on swallow function and dysphagia, which is a pathological swallowing disorder caused by age related diseases and their treatment. In this literature overview the focus is on presbyphagia. The influence of primary aging on the oropharyngeal swallowing function and on other body functions that are indirectly related to swallowing will be discussed...
October 2014: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
S Allepaerts, S Delcourt, J Petermans
Presbyphagia represents the physiological aging of swallowing function. It predisposes to difficulty in swallowing, namely dysphagia, which is of high incidence in the elderly population. The consequences of dysphagia are multiple and always a tragedy for the patient; they consist of aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, social isolation, and death. The diagnosis is difficult and is based on the medical history and clinical examination, associated with diagnostic tests. Its management is multidisciplinary, leaving only little room for medications or surgery...
May 2014: Revue Médicale de Liège
M Jungheim, C Schwemmle, S Miller, D Kühn, M Ptok
Disturbances of the swallowing process can occur at any age and might lead to choking. However, the risk of dysphagia increases with advanced age. This is not only due to a higher incidence of diseases that cause dysphagia, but also to age-related changes in the mechanisms of swallowing. Aging affects all of the anatomic structures involved in the swallowing process. Important changes include limitations to mastication, delayed triggering of the swallowing reflex, expansion of pharyngeal structures, prolonged pharyngeal propulsion, loss of pharyngeal sensitivity, increased rigidity of the esophageal wall and reduced esophageal contractility...
September 2014: HNO
Dália Nogueira, Elizabeth Reis
BACKGROUND: The swallowing mechanism changes significantly as people age, even in the absence of chronic diseases. Presbyphagia, a term that refers to aging-related changes in the swallowing mechanism, may be linked to many health conditions and presents itself in distinct ways. Swallowing disorders are also identified as a major problem amongst the elderly population living in nursing homes. METHODS: The study sought to determine the prevalence of swallowing disorders in nursing home residents, to identify the relationship between self-perceived swallowing disorders, cognitive functions, autonomy, and depression, and also to analyze which variables explain the score of the Dysphagia Self-Test (DST)...
2013: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Georgia Malandraki, JoAnne Robbins
Swallowing is one of the primary functions that enable humans to sustain life. Likewise, it is an important element of healthy life and contributes to quality of life and well-being. When the ability to swallow is lost or impaired, the risk of disability or even death is greatly increased. Rehabilitation potential is diminished and the process is prolonged in the presence of dysphagia. This present chapter describes the anatomical and neurophysiological components of healthy adult swallowing and presbyphagia and the major consequences that swallowing disorders (dysphagia) may have if left untreated...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
V Schweizer
Swallowing disorders are common in the elderly and may become life-threatening when they cause aspiration, inhalation pneumonia, malnutrition or dehydration. Dysphagia and malnutrition go hand in hand and lead to progressive worsening of mobility, immunity and quality of life. The aging of swallowing, so-called presbyphagia, is still not noticeable by 65. It becomes clinically relevant from 80 years onwards, especially during intercurrent and neurodegenerative disease, oncological treatments, or after trauma...
October 6, 2010: Revue Médicale Suisse
Denise M Ney, Jennifer M Weiss, Amy J H Kind, JoAnne Robbins
The risk for disordered oropharyngeal swallowing (dysphagia) increases with age. Loss of swallowing function can have devastating health implications, including dehydration, malnutrition, pneumonia, and reduced quality of life. Age-related changes increase risk for dysphagia. First, natural, healthy aging takes its toll on head and neck anatomy and physiologic and neural mechanisms underpinning swallowing function. This progression of change contributes to alterations in the swallowing in healthy older adults and is termed presbyphagia, naturally diminishing functional reserve...
June 2009: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Paula Leslie, Michael J Drinnan, Gary A Ford, Janet A Wilson
BACKGROUND: Assessment referrals are increasing for unexpected dysphagia, particularly for older people. It is unclear if this is due to more impaired swallows or healthy age-related changes. Swallow respiration coordination prevents aspiration, and may deteriorate with age. Nonpathological features of the swallow in healthy aging and the factors that influence an individual's ability to eat and drink safely need greater understanding. Some changes might predispose an older person to dysphagic complications in the event of an insult such as a stroke...
March 2005: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
V Jahnke
The prevalence of dysphagia in the elderly ("presbyphagia") is probably still underestimated, though this disorder represents a major geriatric problem; special attention is necessary to prevent malnutrition, dehydration and aspiration pneumonia. Primary presbyphagia due to physiological, age-related changes of the swallowing mechanism must be differentiated from secondary presbyphagia attributable to diseases which are more frequent in the elderly. Transnasal pharyngo-laryngo-fiberendoscopy, videofluoroscopy and the "modified barium swallow" are of particular value in the diagnostic approach to presbyphagia...
November 1991: HNO
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