Read by QxMD icon Read


Majid Rezaei, Mohammad Farhadian, Ali Mohammad Rashidi, Mahshid Saeidipour, Maziar Manshaei, Masih Rezaee
Calcium phosphate bioceramics has recently experienced increased interest in bone reconstruction. Mimicking of natural structure of bone, like the use of nanomaterials, is an attractive approach for generating scaffolds for bone regeneration. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of nanonization on the biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramic in the repair of bone cavities in the canine mandible. A commercial BCP was dry-milled in a high energy planetary ball mill with zirconia balls and container...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Lorenzo Degli Esposti, Francesca Carella, Alessio Adamiano, Anna Tampieri, Michele Iafisco
Synthetic calcium phosphates (CaPs) are the most widely accepted bioceramics for the repair and reconstruction of bone tissue defects. The recent advancements in materials science have prompted a rapid progress in the preparation of CaPs with nanometric dimensions, tailored surface characteristics, and colloidal stability opening new perspectives in their use for applications not strictly related to bone. In particular, the employment of CaPs nanoparticles as carriers of therapeutic and imaging agents has recently raised great interest in nanomedicine...
March 12, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Rym Taktak, Achwek Elghazel, Jamel Bouaziz, Slim Charfi, Hassib Keskes
Biocomposites consisting of β Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) with 26.52% Fluorapatite (Fap) were elaborated and characterized in order to evaluate it potential application in bone graft substitute. Bioactivity was determined with in vitro tests by immersion of samples in simulated fluid body for several periods of times. The SEM, EDS and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy showed the deposition of apatite layer on the surface of samples showing a good bioactivity. However, after 6days of soaking, the dissolution rate of Ca2+ and PO4 3- decreased which due probably to the improvement of crystallization of the apatite layer...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jason C Marvin, Silvia I Gallegos, Shaida Parsaei, Danieli C Rodrigues
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biocompatibility of five dental cement compositions after directly exposing human gingival fibroblast (HGF) and MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast cells to cement alone and cement applied on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nanostructurally integrated bioceramic (NIB), resin (R), resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGIC), zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE), and zinc phosphate (ZP) compositions were prepared according to the respective manufacturer's instructions...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Chris Steffi, Zhilong Shi, Chee Hoe Kong, Wilson Wang
Biomaterial integration in bone depends on bone remodelling at the bone-implant interface. Optimal balance of bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone deposition by osteoblasts is crucial for successful implantation, especially in orthopaedic surgery. Most studies examined osteoblast differentiation on biomaterials, yet few research has been conducted to explore the effect of different orthopaedic implants on osteoclast development. This review covers, in detail, the biology of osteoclasts, in vitro models of osteoclasts, and modulation of osteoclast activity by different implant surfaces, bio-ceramics, and polymers...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Antian Xu, Chen Zhuang, Shuxin Xu, Fuming He, Lijun Xie, Xianyan Yang, Zhongru Gou
Bioceramic particulates capable of filling bone defects have gained considerable interest over the last decade. Herein, dual-shell bioceramic microspheres (CaP@CaSi@CaP, CaSi@CaP@CaSi) with adjustable beta-tricalcium phosphate (CaP) and beta-calcium silicate (CaSi) distribution were fabricated using a co-concentric capillary system enabling bone repair via a tailorable biodegradation process. The in vitro results showed the optimal concentration (1/16 of 200 mg/ml) of extracts of dual-shell microspheres could promote bone marrow mesenchymal cell (BMSC) proliferation and enhance the level of ALP activity and Alizarin Red staining...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bárbara Bermúdez-Reyes, María Del Refugio Lara-Banda, Elizabeth Reyes-Zarate, Augusto Rojas-Martínez, Alberto Camacho, Nidia Moncada-Saucedo, Vanessa Pérez-Silos, Alejandro García-Ruiz, Abel Guzmán-López, Víctor Peña-Martínez, Jorge Lara-Arias, Selem Torres-Méndez, Lizeth Fuentes-Mera
Ceramics and bioceramics, such as hydroxyapatite and zirconium, are used in bone tissue engineering. Hydroxyapatite has chemical properties similar to bone while zirconium offers suitable mechanical properties. The aim of this article is to evaluate the ability to support cell growth and osteoblastic mineralization of hydroxyapatite-zirconium obtained by a new system based on different low temperatures, such as 873 K (HZ600), 923 K (HZ650) and 973 K (HZ700). Hydroxyapatite-zirconia obtained by this new system was examined in terms of thermogravimetric features and x-ray diffractograms...
February 20, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Jian-Tao Liu, Feng Zhang, Zheng-Chao Gao, Bin-Bin Niu, Yu-Huan Li, Xi-Jing He
Artificial vertebral body has achieved good results in treating spinal tumors, tuberculosis, fracture and other diseases. Currently, artificial vertebral body with variety of kinds and pros and cons, is generally divided into two types: fusion type and movable type. The former according to whether the height could be adjusted and strength of self-stability is divided into three types: support-fixed type, adjust-fixed type and self-fixed type. Whether the height of self-fixed type could be adjusted is dependent on structure of collar thread rotation...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Motoki Okamoto, Yusuke Takahashi, Shungo Komichi, Manahil Ali, Naomichi Yoneda, Takuya Ishimoto, Takayoshi Nakano, Mikako Hayashi
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated a novel micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) assessment for quality and quantity of dentin repair, which is difficult to visualize by histological analysis, after direct pulp capping under standardized cavity preparation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized cavities were prepared on Wistar rats and direct pulp capping was performed using two commercial bioceramics, ProRoot MTA, and iRoot BP Plus. After 2 or 4 weeks, quality and quantity of tertiary dentin formation were evaluated using high-resolution micro-CT analyses including dentin mineral density, dentin mineral contents, compactness and integrity of tertiary dentin, and dentin volume with/without void space...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
S NaddafDezfuli, J C Brouwer, J M C Mol, F C T van der Helm, J Zhou
Recent studies have shown great potential of Mg matrix composites for biodegradable orthopedic devices. However, the poor structural integrity of these composites, which results in excessive localized corrosion and premature mechanical failure, has hindered their widespread applications. In this research, an in-situ Powder Metallurgy (PM) method was used to fabricate a novel biodegradable Mg-bredigite composite and to achieve enhanced chemical interfacial locking between the constituents by triggering a solid-state thermochemical reaction between Mg and bredigite particles...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Amber A Miller, Koyo Takimoto, James Wealleans, Anibal Diogenes
INTRODUCTION: There is a complex interaction between biomaterials placed as a coronal barrier with stem cells and dentin in regenerative procedures. In this study, the effect of Biodentine (BD; Septodont, Saint-Maurdes-Fossés, France), Endosequence BC Root Repair Material-Putty (ES; Brasseler, Savannah, GA), Endosequence BC Root Repair Material-Putty Fast set (ES-fast, Brasseler), and ProRoot (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Johnson City, TN) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) on the viability and differentiation of stem cells of the apical papilla (SCAP) was evaluated using an ex vivo dentin disk model...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Yahui Wang, Siyi Liu, Yanmei Dong
This study aimed to evaluate the dentinal tubule penetration and filling quality of a bioceramic sealer (iRoot SP). Forty-two roots of extracted adult lower incisors were selected. After instrumentation with Protaper Universal to F3, 40 roots were chosen and randomly divided into 4 groups, as follows: iRoot SP single cone group, iRoot SP warm vertical group, AH Plus single cone group, and AH Plus warm vertical group. Before root canal filling, sealers were mixed with Rhodamine B dye for visualization under confocal laser scanning microscope...
2018: PloS One
Ramon Rial, Brandon Tichnell, Brendan Latimer, Zhen Liu, Paula V Messina, Juan M Ruso
Bioceramic nanoparticles exhibit excellent features that enable them to function as ideal material for hard tissue engineering. However, to fully understand its behavior, it is of crucial importance to study the interactions between them and the proteins present on the human body fluids. To achieve this goal, we have studied the interaction between hydroxyapatite nanorods (HA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). First we describe the surface morphology of the nanoparticle. Then, the main characteristics of the biological interaction of bovine serum albumin and hydroxyapatite nanoparticle are presented by using a battery of techniques: ITC, zeta potential, UV-vis, fluorescence and CD...
January 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xinran Zhang, Haotian Li, Chucheng Lin, Congqin Ning, Kaili Lin
Both the topographic surface and chemical composition modification can enhance rapid osteogenic differentiation and bone formation. Till now, the synergetic effects of topography and chemistry cues guiding biological responses have been rarely reported. Herein, the ordered micro-patterned topography and classically essential trace element of strontium (Sr) ion doping were selected to imitate topography and chemistry cues, respectively. The ordered micro-patterned topography on Sr ion-doped bioceramics was successfully duplicated using the nylon sieve as the template...
January 17, 2018: Biomaterials Science
André D R Silva, Willian R Rigoli, Denise Osiro, Daphne C R Mello, Luana M R Vasconcellos, Anderson O Lobo, Eliria M J A Pallone
The modification of biomaterials approved by the Food and Drug Administration could be an alternative to reduce the period of use in humans. Porous bioceramics are widely used as support structures for bone formation and repair. This composite has essential characteristics for an implant, including good mechanical properties, high chemical stability, biocompatibility and adequate aesthetic appearance. Here, three-dimensional porous scaffolds of Al2 O3 containing 5% by volume of ZrO2 were produced by the replica method...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Erik A B Hughes, Sophie C Cox, Megan E Cooke, Owen G Davies, Richard L Williams, Thomas J Hall, Liam M Grover
A new bone augmenting material is reported, which is formed from calcium-loaded hydrogel-based spheres. On immersion of these spheres in a physiological medium, they become surrounded with a sheath of precipitate, which ruptures due to a build-up in osmotic pressure. This results in the formation of mineral tubes that protrude from the sphere surface. When brought into close contact with one another, these spheres become fused through the entanglement and subsequent interstitial mineralization of the mineral tubules...
January 11, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Nurulain 'Atikah Kamalaldin, Mariatti Jaafar, Saiful Irwan Zubairi, Badrul Hisham Yahaya
The use of bioceramics, especially the combination of hydroxyapatite (HA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), as a three-dimensional scaffold in bone engineering is essential because together these elements constitute 60% of the bone content. Different ratios of HA and β-TCP were previously tested for their ability to produce suitable bioceramic scaffolds, which must be able to withstand high mechanical load. In this study, two ratios of HA/TCP (20:80 and 70:30) were used to create pellets, which then were evaluated in vitro to identify any adverse effects of using the material in bone grafting...
January 4, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Hedong Yu, Xiantao Zeng, Cai Deng, Congyu Shi, Jun Ai, Weidong Leng
This study aimed to investigate the effect of exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) introduced by bioceramic composite materials on jawbone defect. Rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: control, sham, model, and stent. In the model group, holes of jawbone defect were created through surgery. In the stent group, rabbits with jawbone defect were treated with polyether ketone (PEK)/biphasic bioceramic ((PEK-BBC)) composite materials encapsulating VEGF. At 4, 8, and 16 weeks post-operation, HE and Van Gieson staining of jawbones were performed to characterize the repair status of the bone defect...
December 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Pravin Patil, Kulwinder Singh Banga, Ajinkya M Pawar, Sandeep Pimple, Raguram Ganeshan
Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the vertical force required to fracture mandibular incisor teeth, obturated using gutta-percha with three different sealers. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five extracted mandibular incisors with intact and fully formed apices, exhibiting single root and canal were acquired. The teeth were decoronated obtaining a root segments of 15 mm and were divided into five groups (n = 15). Group 1: left uninstrumented and unfilled (negative control)...
July 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Xiurong Ke, Lei Zhang, Xianyan Yang, Juncheng Wang, Chen Zhuang, Zhouwen Jin, An Liu, Tengfei Zhao, Sanzhong Xu, Changyou Gao, Zhongru Gou, Guojing Yang
Although great strides have been made in medical technology, low back/neck pain and intervertebral disc degeneration initiated from disc degenerative disease remains a clinical challenge. Within the field of regenerative medicine therapy, we have sought to improve the biomechanical transformation of spinal fusion procedures conducted using biodegradable porous implants. Specifically, we have focused on developing mechanically strong bioceramic cages for spinal fusion and functional recovery. Herein, we fabricated the akermanite (AKE) ceramic-based porous cages using low-melting bioactive glass (BG) and 3D printing technology...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"