keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bioceramic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327664/bioactive-silicon-nitride-a-new-therapeutic-material-for-osteoarthropathy
#1
Giuseppe Pezzotti, Elia Marin, Tetsuya Adachi, Alfredo Rondinella, Francesco Boschetto, Wenliang Zhu, Nobuhiko Sugano, Ryan M Bock, Bryan McEntire, Sonny B Bal
While the reciprocity between bioceramics and living cells is complex, it is principally governed by the implant's surface chemistry. Consequently, a deeper understanding of the chemical interactions of bioceramics with living tissue could ultimately lead to new therapeutic strategies. However, the physical and chemical principles that govern these interactions remain unclear. The intricacies of this biological synergy are explored within this paper by examining the peculiar surface chemistry of a relatively new bioceramic, silicon nitride (Si3N4)...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321028/durability-of-alkaline-agents-bactericidal-efficacies-in-litter-under-field-conditions
#2
Hakimullah Hakim, Chiharu Toyofuku, Mari Ota, Mayuko Suzuki, Miyuki Komura, Masashi Yamada, Md Shahin Alam, Natthanan Sangsriratanakul, Dany Shoham, Kazuaki Takehara
Alkaline agents are well-known for their disinfection capacities against pathogens even at the presence of organic materials, but the durability of their bactericidal efficacies under field conditions is unknown. Therefore, within the present study, two alkaline agents, namely bioceramic (BCX) derived from chicken feces and food additive grade Ca(OH)2 (FdCa(OH)2) derived from natural lime stone, were evaluated for the persistence of their bactericidal efficacies in litter, under simulated field conditions. BCX powder mixed at 50% concentration in litter or FdCa(OH)2 powder at 20% concentration in litter lost their bactericidal efficacies at 3 days post exposure of chicks, and thereafter, both mentioned alkaline agents could not inactivate bacteria down to the acceptable level (≥3 log10 CFU/ml reduction)...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287077/bone-regeneration-in-3d-printing-bioactive-ceramic-scaffolds-with-improved-tissue-material-interface-pore-architecture-in-thin-wall-bone-defect
#3
Huifeng Shao, Xiurong Ke, An Liu, Miao Sun, Yong He, Xianyan Yang, Jianzhong Fu, Yanming Liu, Lei Zhang, Guojing Yang, Sanzhong Xu, Zhongru Gou
Three-dimensional (3D) printing bioactive ceramics have demonstrated alternative approaches to bone tissue repair, but an optimized materials system for improving the recruitment of host osteogenic cells into the bone defect and enhancing targeted repair of the thin-wall craniomaxillofacial defects remains elusive. Herein we systematically evaluated the role of side-wall pore architecture in the direct-ink-writing bioceramic scaffolds on mechanical properties and osteogenic capacity in rabbit calvarial defects...
March 13, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269744/osteoblast-like-cell-responses-to-ion-products-released-from-magnesium-and-silicate-containing-calcium-carbonates
#4
Shinya Yamada, Yoshio Ota, Akiko Obata, Toshihiro Kasuga
BACKGROUND: Inorganic ions released from bioceramics and bioactive glasses have been reported to influence osteogenic cell functions. Cell responses depend on types of the ions provided, for example, silicate ion has been found to up-regulate their proliferation, differentiation and mineralization. OBJECTIVE: Mouse osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1) were cultured in media containing silicate and calcium ions with/without magnesium ion to evaluate their combined effects on the cell's functions...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258809/solid-state-nmr-and-computational-insights-into-the-crystal-structure-of-silicocarnotite-based-bioceramic-materials-synthesized-mechanochemically
#5
A S Andreev, N V Bulina, M V Chaikina, I Yu Prosanov, V V Terskikh, O B Lapina
In this work, we report the results of a detailed structural study of a promising bioceramic material silicocarnotite Ca5(PO4)2SiO4 (SC) synthesized from mechanochemically treated nanosized silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite by annealing at 1000°C. This novel synthetic approach represents an attractive and efficient route towards large-scale manufacturing of the silicocarnotite-based bioceramics. A combination of solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), powder X-ray crystallography and density function theory (DFT) calculations has been implemented to characterize the phase composition of the prepared composite materials and to gain insight into the crystal structure of silicocarnotite...
February 22, 2017: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240268/fabrication-and-in-vitro-biological-properties-of-piezoelectric-bioceramics-for-bone-regeneration
#6
Yufei Tang, Cong Wu, Zixiang Wu, Long Hu, Wei Zhang, Kang Zhao
The piezoelectric effect of biological piezoelectric materials promotes bone growth. However, the material should be subjected to stress before it can produce an electric charge that promotes bone repair and reconstruction conducive to fracture healing. A novel method for in vitro experimentation of biological piezoelectric materials with physiological load is presented. A dynamic loading device that can simulate the force of human motion and provide periodic load to piezoelectric materials when co-cultured with cells was designed to obtain a realistic expression of piezoelectric effect on bone repair...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210204/physicochemical-properties-of-epoxy-resin-based-and-bioceramic-based-root-canal-sealers
#7
Ju Kyung Lee, Sang Won Kwak, Jung-Hong Ha, WooCheol Lee, Hyeon-Cheol Kim
Three bioceramic sealers (EndoSequence BC sealer, EndoSeal MTA, and MTA Fillapex) and three epoxy resin-based sealers (AH-Plus, AD Seal, and Radic-Sealer) were tested to evaluate the physicochemical properties: flow, final setting time, radiopacity, dimensional stability, and pH change. The one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test were used to analyze the data (P = 0.05). The MTA Fillapex sealer had a highest flow and the BC Sealer presented a flow significantly lower than the others (P < 0.05). The BC Sealer and MTA Fillapex samples were not set in humid incubator condition even after one month...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199184/biphasic-organo-bioceramic-fibrous-composite-as-a-biomimetic-extracellular-matrix-for-bone-tissue-regeneration
#8
Sanjay Kumar, James A Stokes Iii, Derrick Dean, Christian Rogers, Elijah Nyairo, Vinoy Thomas, Manoj K Mishra
In bone tissue engineering, the organo-ceramic composite, electrospun polycaprolactone/hydroxyapatite (PCL/HA) scaffold has the potential to support cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, and homeostasis. Here, we report the effect of PCL/HA scaffold in tissue regeneration using human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We characterized the scaffold by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and assessed its biocompatibility...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194360/retreatability-of-two-endodontic-sealers-endosequence-bc-sealer-and-ah-plus-a-micro-computed-tomographic-comparison
#9
Enrique Oltra, Timothy C Cox, Matthew R LaCourse, James D Johnson, Avina Paranjpe
OBJECTIVES: Recently, bioceramic sealers like EndoSequence BC Sealer (BC Sealer) have been introduced and are being used in endodontic practice. However, this sealer has limited research related to its retreatability. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the retreatability of two sealers, BC Sealer as compared with AH Plus using micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six extracted human maxillary incisors were instrumented and randomly divided into 4 groups of 14 teeth: 1A, gutta-percha, AH Plus retreated with chloroform; 1B, gutta-percha, AH Plus retreated without chloroform; 2A, gutta-percha, EndoSequence BC Sealer retreated with chloroform; 2B, gutta-percha, EndoSequence BC Sealer retreated without chloroform...
February 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183671/effect-of-phosphorus-precursors-on-the-structure-of-bioactive-calcium-phosphate-silicate-systems
#10
Katalin Sinkó, Anikó Meiszterics, János Rohonczy, Balázs Kobzi, Shiro Kubuki
The main aim of this work was to synthesize calcium phosphate silicate bioceramics by a low energy-consuming sol-gel method applying various phosphorous precursors (triethyl phosphate, phosphoric acid, and ammonium hydrogen phosphate). The investigations concentrated on the influence of phosphorous initial compounds on the bond and crystalline structures and the material quality. The application of the alkoxide and inorganic P-precursors results in considerably different textures. The inorganic PO4-containing precursors lead to sol formations...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183628/transdermal-delivery-of-insulin-with-bioceramic-composite-microneedles-fabricated-by-gelatin-and-hydroxyapatite
#11
Weijiang Yu, Guohua Jiang, Depeng Liu, Lei Li, Zaizai Tong, Juming Yao, Xiangdong Kong
The organic-inorganic bioceramic composite microneedles (MNs) were prepared from hydroxyapatite (Hap) and gelatin (Gel) via a template method. The resultant hydroxyapatite and gelatin composite MNs exhibited low cytotoxicity and excellent mechanical properties. After transdermal administration to the diabetic rats, the insulin could be released from bioceramic composite MNs. An obvious and effective hypoglycemic effect could be obtained compared with that of subcutaneous injection route. This work suggests that bioceramic composite MNs containing of insulin have a potential application in diabetes treatment via transdermal ingestion...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183587/mg-ca-ratio-as-regulating-factor-for-osteoclastic-in-vitro-resorption-of-struvite-biocements
#12
Carina Blum, Theresa Brückner, Andrea Ewald, Anita Ignatius, Uwe Gbureck
Bioceramic degradation can occur by both passive dissolution and following active osteoclastic bone remodeling. Key parameters controlling ceramic degradation are the pH-dependent solubility product of the ceramic phase, which alters ion concentrations in physiological solution and hence regulates cell activity. This study investigated the in vitro degradation profiles of various calcium magnesium phosphate ceramics formed at low temperature. The passive resorption was measured by incubating the cement samples in cell culture medium, while active resorption was determined during a surface culture of multinuclear osteoclastic cells derived from RAW 264...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179924/fracture-resistance-of-roots-after-application-of-different-sealers
#13
Fatemeh Dibaji, Farzaneh Afkhami, Babak Bidkhori, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
INTRODUCTION: Vertical root fracture inevitably leads to tooth extraction. Thus, root filling with obturating materials and sealers that can reinforce the tooth would be an ideal way to reduce fracture in root treated teeth. This study aimed to assess the fracture resistance of roots following the application of different sealers including Epiphany, iRoot sealer and AH-plus. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty extracted human single-canal premolars without caries, curvature or cracks were used in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149466/effect-of-two-contemporary-root-canal-sealers-on-root-canal-dentin-microhardness
#14
Maram E Khallaf
BACKGROUND: Successful root canal treatment depends on proper cleaning, disinfecting and shaping of the root canal space. Pulpless teeth have lower dentin microhardness value compared to that of vital teeth. A material which can cause change in dentin composition may affect the microhardness. Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of two root canal sealers on dentin microhardness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty two single rooted teeth were selected and divided into 3 equal groups; Apexit, iRootSP and control groups (n=14) Each group was then divided into 2 subgroups according to the post evaluation period; 1 week and 2 months (n=7)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135637/fabrication-and-characterization-of-baghdadite-nanostructured-scaffolds-by-space-holder-method
#15
Sorour Sadeghzade, Fateme Shamoradi, Rahmatollah Emadi, Fariborz Tavangarian
Porous baghdadite scaffold has received great attention as a candidate for bone tissue engineering application due to its remarkable bioactivity, biocompatibility, and good bone formation ability. A few studies have been focused on improving the mechanical properties of baghdadite scaffolds. Recently, space holder method has been introduced as a new and viable technique to prepare bioceramic scaffolds with interconnected pores and suitable mechanical properties. In this study, for the first time, 3D baghdadite scaffolds with interconnected porosity were produced using space holder method...
January 24, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135032/rapid-vacuum-sintering-a-novel-technique-for-fabricating-fluorapatite-ceramic-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#16
Isabelle Denry, Ourania-Menti Goudouri, Jeffrey Harless, Julie A Holloway
Macroporous bioceramic scaffolds are often fabricated via the foam replica technique, based on polymeric foam impregnation with a glass slurry, followed by slow heat treatment to allow for drying, polymeric burnout, and sintering of the glass particles. As a consequence, the process is time consuming and complicated by concurrent crystallization of the glass, often leading to incomplete sintering. Our goal was to investigate the effect of heating rate on sintering behavior, architecture, and mechanical properties of fluorapatite-based glass and glass-ceramic scaffolds...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130134/nanoceramics-on-osteoblast-proliferation-and-differentiation-in-bone-tissue-engineering
#17
REVIEW
Sai Nievethitha S, Subhapradha N, Saravanan D, Selvamurugan N, Wei-Bor Tsai, Srinivasan N, Murugesan R, Moorthi A
Bone, a highly dynamic connective tissue, consist of a bioorganic phase comprising osteogenic cells and proteins which lies over an inorganic phase predominantly made of CaPO4 (biological apatite). Injury to bone can be due to mechanical, metabolic or inflammatory agents also owing pathological conditions like fractures, osteomyelitis, osteolysis or cysts may arise in enameloid, chondroid, cementum, or chondroid bone which forms the intermediate tissues of the body. Bone tissue engineering (BTE) applies bioactive scaffolds, host cells and osteogenic signals for restoring damaged or diseased tissues...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117976/3d-printed-bioactive-ca3sio5-bone-cement-scaffolds-with-nano-surface-structure-for-bone-regeneration
#18
Chen Yang, Xiaoya Wang, Bing Ma, Haibo Zhu, Zhiguang Huan, Nan Ma, Chengtie Wu, Jiang Chang
Silicate bioactive materials have been widely studied for bone regeneration because of their eminent physicochemical properties and outstanding osteogenic bioactivity, and different methods have been developed to prepare porous silicate bioactive ceramics scaffolds for bone-tissue engineering applications. Among all of these methods, the 3D-printing technique is obviously the most efficient way to control the porous structure. However, 3D-printed bioceramic porous scaffolds need high-temperature sintering, which will cause volume shrinkage and reduce the controllability of the pore structure accuracy...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106524/the-utility-of-3d-printing-for-surgical-planning-and-patient-specific-implant-design-for-complex-spinal-pathologies-case-report
#19
Ralph J Mobbs, Marc Coughlan, Robert Thompson, Chester E Sutterlin, Kevin Phan
OBJECTIVE There has been a recent renewed interest in the use and potential applications of 3D printing in the assistance of surgical planning and the development of personalized prostheses. There have been few reports on the use of 3D printing for implants designed to be used in complex spinal surgery. METHODS The authors report 2 cases in which 3D printing was used for surgical planning as a preoperative mold, and for a custom-designed titanium prosthesis: one patient with a C-1/C-2 chordoma who underwent tumor resection and vertebral reconstruction, and another patient with a custom-designed titanium anterior fusion cage for an unusual congenital spinal deformity...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106165/effects-of-sr-ht-gahnite-on-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis-by-adipose-derived-stem-cells-for-critical-sized-calvarial-defect-repair
#20
Guifang Wang, Seyed-Iman Roohani-Esfahani, Wenjie Zhang, Kaige Lv, Guangzheng Yang, Xun Ding, Derong Zou, Daxiang Cui, Hala Zreiqat, Xinquan Jiang
Tissue engineering strategies to construct vascularized bone grafts are now attracting much attention. Strontium-hardystonite-Gahnite (Sr-HT-Gahnite) is a strong, highly porous, and biocompatible calcium silicate based bio-ceramic that contains strontium and zinc ions. Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) have been demonstrated to have the ability in promoting osteogenesis and angiogenesis. In this study, the effects of Sr-HT-Gahnite on cell morphology, cell proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of ASCs were systematically investigated...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
110957
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"