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assessment nutrition

Yunlei Wang, Jianwei Zheng, Zhigang Gao, Xiaofeng Han, Fanrong Qiu
PURPOSE: To investigate the malnutrition, the incidence of nutritional risk and the application of nutritional support for patients with colorectal cancer, so as to provide a basis for the rational clinical application of nutritional support. METHODS: A total of 264 surgical patients with colorectal cancer treated/followed up from January 2016 to March 2017 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital were selected. The nutritional risk was assessed using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002), and the nutritional risk and application of nutritional support for patients with different gender, age and clinical disease stage were analyzed; the hospitalization duration and postoperative complications were also analyzed and compared...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Charalampos Seretis, Panagiota Kaisari, Kasun Wanigasooriya, Umar Shariff, Haney Youssef
PURPOSE: Malnutrition results in a significant increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery. Apart from the anthropometric assessments, malnutrition can be also assessed using laboratory scores, with the most widely used being Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI). The purpose of our study was to assess if the presence of malnutrition as calculated by the Onodera's PNI was associated with higher postoperative morbidity after elective colorectal cancer resection...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
In Yae Cheong, So Yeon An, Won Chul Cha, Mi Yong Rha, Seung Tae Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Ji Hye Hwang
BACKGROUND: The use of a mobile health care application, the delivery of health care or health care-related services through the use of portable devices, to manage functional loss, treatment-related toxicities, and impaired quality of life in cancer patients during chemotherapy through supervised self-management has been increasing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of comprehensive mobile health care using a tailored rehabilitation program for colorectal cancer patients undergoing active chemotherapy...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Pan Zhuang, Wenqiao Wang, Jun Wang, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been reported to exert pleiotropic protective effects against various chronic diseases. However, epidemiologic evidence linking specific PUFA intake to mortality has been limited and contradictory. We aim to assess the associations between specific dietary PUFA and mortality among adults in China and America, respectively. METHODS: Participants from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, n = 14,117) and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES (n = 36,032)] were prospectively followed up through the year 2011...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Livia Fernandes de Lima, Fernando Barbosa, Marcus Vinícius Simões, Anderson Marliere Navarro
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) is a growing public health issue; its risk factors include inappropriate dietary intake of microelements such as iodine, selenium, zinc and iron, which may lead to thyroid dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the correlation among the functional class stages of patients with HF, iodine, selenium, iron and zinc levels with the presence of thyroid dysfunction. METHODOLOGY: One hundred nine patients from the HF outpatient clinic of the Clinics Hospital of Ribeirão Preto whose blood and urine were collected for micronutrient analysis and laboratory tests were selected...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Pooja Agrawal, Andrew Mercer, Jamila Hassanali, Chakema Carmack, Darleesa Doss, Rosenda Murillo
PURPOSE: We examined differences in the association between alcohol use and sedentary behavior by gender among adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study that employs a complex, multistage stratified probability cluster sample design. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007 to 2014. PARTICIPANTS: NHANES participants aged ≥20 years and identifying as Hispanic, white, or black (N = 18 441)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jongseok Lee, Sungok Jang, Haemin Jeong, Ohk-Hyun Ryu
Background/Aims: The aim of this study is to compare Friedewald-estimated and directly measured low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) values and assess the concordance in guideline risk classification between the two methods. Methods: The data were derived from the 2009 to 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We included subjects with triglyceride (TG) levels < 400 mg/dL. Analysis was done for 6,454 subjects who had all lipid panels- total cholesterol, directly measured LDL-C, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and TG...
March 21, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Mark A Lee
Forage plants are valuable because they maintain wild and domesticated herbivores, and sustain the delivery of meat, milk and other commodities. Forage plants contain different quantities of fibre, lignin, minerals and protein, and vary in the proportion of their tissue that can be digested by herbivores. These nutritive components are important determinants of consumer growth rates, reproductive success and behaviour. A dataset was compiled to quantify variation in forage plant nutritive values within- and between-plant species, and to assess variation between plant functional groups and bioclimatic zones...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Plant Research
Jenny G Turcott, María Del Rocío Guillen Núñez, Diana Flores-Estrada, Luis F Oñate-Ocaña, Zyanya Lucia Zatarain-Barrón, Feliciano Barrón, Oscar Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Over one half of the patients diagnosed with advanced lung cancer experience anorexia. In addition to its high incidence, cancer-induced anorexia promotes the development of the anorexia-cachexia syndrome, which is related to poor clinical outcomes. Recently, drugs derived from cannabinoids, such as Nabilone, have been recognized for their appetite improvement properties; however, clinical trials to support their use in cancer patients are necessary. METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of Nabilone vs...
March 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Lindsay P Galway, Yubraj Acharya, Andrew D Jones
Deforestation worldwide could have important consequences for diet quality and human nutrition given the numerous ecosystem services that are provided by forests and biodiverse landscapes. Yet, empirical research assessing the links between deforestation and diets is lacking. In this study, we examined the association between deforestation and diet diversity among children using geolocated Demographic and Health Survey data for 33,777 children across 15 countries of sub-Saharan Africa coupled with remotely-sensed data on forest cover loss...
March 15, 2018: Health & Place
Sen Yao, Tao Li, JieQing Li, HongGao Liu, YuanZhong Wang
Boletus griseus and Boletus edulis are two well-known wild-grown edible mushrooms which have high nutrition, delicious flavor and high economic value distributing in Yunnan Province. In this study, a rapid method using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopies coupled with data fusion was established for the discrimination of Boletus mushrooms from seven different geographical origins with pattern recognition method. Initially, the spectra of 332 mushroom samples obtained from the two spectroscopic techniques were analyzed individually and then the classification performance based on data fusion strategy was investigated...
March 10, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Pamela S Roberts, Manoj Goud, Harriet Udin Aronow, Richard V Riggs
Frailty is a complex and growing phenomenon facing healthcare providers throughout the continuum of care. Frailty is not well understood in post-acute care (PAC) settings. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize current evidence of frailty impact on outcomes and frailty mitigation initiatives in PAC. Three major publication databases were searched from January 2000-June 2017 that identified 18 articles specifically addressing frailty in PAC. Three themes were identified: scales used to measure frailty; factors that led to an adverse outcome or diagnosis of frailty; and interventions to address frailty in PAC...
March 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Lucia Campos Pellanda, Idris Guessous, Pedro Marques-Vidal
Adherence to dietary guidelines is associated with significantly better health outcomes. Studies across the world shows that compliance with the guidelines was low, but data in Switzerland are lacking. Hence, we aimed to assess the 5-year trends in dietary compliance regarding food guidelines in Switzerland in a prospective, population-based observational study. Data from 2882 participants (1591 women, 35-75 years), from the first (2009-2012) and second (2014-2017) follow-up. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
March 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Stefano Uccella, Maria Cristina Mele, Lorena Quagliozzi, Emanuele Rinninella, Camilla Nero, Serena Cappuccio, Marco Cintoni, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Scambia, Anna Fagotti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients' altered body composition (measured with bioimpedentiometry), due to a poor nutritional status, predicts the incidence of no residual disease at primary debulking and the risk of complications in patients with newly-diagnosed advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Data regarding patients with newly-diagnosed stage IIIC-IV EOC undergoing elective nutritional assessment between December 2016 and March 2017, were prospectively collected...
March 14, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Gabriele Gäbler, Michaela Coenen, Deborah Lycett, Tanja Stamm
BACKGROUND: High quality, continuity and safe interdisciplinary healthcare is essential. Nutrition and dietetics plays an important part within the interdisciplinary team in many health conditions. In order to work more effectively as an interdisciplinary team, a common terminology is needed. This study investigates which categories of the ICF-Dietetics are used in clinical dietetic care records in Austria and which are most relevant to shared language in different medical areas. METHOD: A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted to collect clinical dietetic care documentation reports...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Jae-Min Park, Jae-June Dong, Ji-Won Lee, Jae-Yong Shim, Yong-Jae Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between employment status and insulin resistance in the Korean elderly population. METHODS: The study included 2325 healthy participants (862 men and 1463 women) who did not have diabetes, were 60-74 years old, and participated in the 2007-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Their employment status was categorized as employed or unemployed. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to assess insulin sensitivity...
March 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Oraporn Dumrongwongsiri, Suthida Chatvutinun, Phanphen Phoonlabdacha, Areeporn Sangcakul, La-Or Chailurkit, Atitaya Siripinyanond, Umaporn Suthutvoravut, Nalinee Chongviriyaphan
Iodine deficiency in infants leads to delayed growth and development. Some studies have reported iodine deficiency among infants and lactating women. We assessed iodine status in infants and lactating women, as well as the iodine content in breast milk. A cross-sectional study enrolled mother-infant pairs (infants aged 4-6 months), who visited Well Child Clinic at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Infants were classified by feeding type as breastfed (BF), mixed breastfed and formula-fed (MF), and formula-fed (FF)...
March 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
E Kula, E Wildová, P Hrdlička
In a specific area of the Krušné Hory Mts. (Ore Mountains), Czech Republic, branches and leaves of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) were collected during the growing seasons in 2010-2016 on the low-pH soil (2.77-3.62) with a high total content of manganese (490-6277 mg kg-1 dwt.). Mn content in leaves occurred in a wide range (274-11,159 mg kg-1 ) and was markedly increased during the growing season with the exception of year 2015, when the leaves dried out early due to the precipitation deficit. New leaves exhibited the Mn content corresponding to the beginning of the growing season...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Mery Munoz-Persy, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterized by esophageal eosinophilic infiltration that commonly causes dysphagia and food impaction in children and adolescents. Assessing the efficacy of dietary restrictions or drug therapies to achieve clinical and histologic resolution of EoE through randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has resulted in new evidence-based guidelines. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Matthew J Gurka, Stephanie L Filipp, Mark D DeBoer
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes remain significant public health concerns. Targeting of prevention efforts by geographical location has been suggested by the Institute of Medicine to coincide with the presence of area-based risk. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a stronger risk factor than is obesity for the prediction of future CVD and diabetes, yet its prevalence has not previously been described geographically. Our objective is to determine geographical variation in the prevalence of obesity, MetS, and diabetes among US adults...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
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