Read by QxMD icon Read

hemodialysis poisoning

Jiannong Liu, Mahesh Krishnan, Jincheng Zhou, Kimberly M Nieman, Yi Peng, David T Gilbertson
: ;Aims: Standardized mortality and hospitalization ratios (SMRs, SHRs) are used to measure dialysis facility performance in the US, with adjustment for demographics and comorbid conditions derived from the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) Medical Evidence (ME) Report. Sensitivities are low for ME-based comorbidity, and levels of under-reporting may differ among facilities. We aimed to assess the effect of data inaccuracy on performance comparison. METHODS: Using the United States Renal Data System ESRD database, we included patients who initiated hemodialysis July 1 - December 31 in each of the years 2006 - 2010, had Medicare as primary payer, were aged ≥ 66 years, and had no prior transplant...
November 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Daniela Pelclová, Sergey Zakharov
UNLABELLED: Methanol mass poisoning occurs across the world quite frequently, but the complete clinical and laboratory data of the patients are only rarely available. Approximately 138 cases of poisoning were documented in the Czech Republic, 107 patients were hospitalized. Another 31 persons died out of hospital. About 60 % of the hospitalized patients survived intoxication without consequences, one half of the remaining 40 % died and the other half survived with the CNS and/or sight impaired...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Giordano Pastori, Manrico Gentile
Lithium is an effective drug in the treatment of bipolar disorder and other psychiatric and neurological diseases. Unfortunately, its therapeutic index is narrow. There are three types of lithium poisoning: acute poisoning (in untreated patients), acute on chronic poisoning, when an overdose is taken accidentally or with suicidal intent, in patients under treatment and chronic poisoning (patient treated with lithium) when drug intake is correct but excessive in relation to its elimination (increased dose or more often reduced clearance) resulting in lithium overload...
May 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Jeffrey A Kraut
Methanol intoxication is an uncommon but serious poisoning. Its adverse effects are due primarily to the impact of its major metabolite formic acid and lactic acid resulting from cellular hypoxia. Symptoms including abdominal pain and loss of vision can appear a few hours to a few days after exposure, reflecting the time necessary for accumulation of the toxic byproducts. In addition to a history of exposure, increases in serum osmolal and anion gaps can be clues to its presence. However, increments in both parameters can be absent depending on the nature of the toxic alcohol, time of exposure, and coingestion of ethanol...
July 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Elizabeth Quaal Hines, Irfana Soomro, Mary Ann Howland, Robert S Hoffman, Silas W Smith
CONTEXT: Manganese-associated parkinsonism is well described in occupational settings, in chronic methcathinone users, and in patients receiving long-term total parenteral nutrition. We present a unique case of acute intravenous manganese poisoning with a systematic evaluation of hemodialysis efficacy. CASE DETAILS: A 52-year-old woman was inadvertently administered a single intravenous dose of 800 mg compounded manganese chloride at an outpatient chelation center...
July 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Bruno Mégarbane
Ethylene glycol (EG) and methanol are responsible for life-threatening poisonings. Fomepizole, a potent alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) inhibitor, is an efficient and safe antidote that prevents or reduces toxic EG and methanol metabolism. Although no study has compared its efficacy with ethanol, fomepizole is recommended as a first-line antidote. Treatment should be started as soon as possible, based on history and initial findings including anion gap metabolic acidosis, while awaiting measurement of alcohol concentration...
2010: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
A Schweighauser, T Francey
Poisoning with ethylene glycol as contained in antifreeze can rapidly lead to irreversible acute renal failure and other organ damage. It carries a grave prognosis unless diagnosed early and adequate treatment is initiated within 8 hours of ingestion. Toxicity of ethylene glycol is related to the production of toxic metabolites by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), leading to early signs of severe polyuria (PU) and polydipsia (PD), gastritis, ataxia and central nervous depression, followed by progressive dehydration, and ultimately oligoanuric renal failure...
February 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Marc Ghannoum, Sara Kazim, Ami M Grunbaum, Eric Villeneuve, Sophie Gosselin
CONTEXT: Early onset acidosis from mitochondrial toxicity can be observed in massive acetaminophen poisoning prior to the development of hepatotoxicity. In this context, the efficacy of acetylcysteine to reverse mitochondrial toxicity remains unclear and hemodialysis may offer prompt correction of acidosis. Unfortunately, toxicokinetics of acetaminophen and acetylcysteine during extracorporeal treatments hemodialysis have seldom been described. CASE DETAILS: An 18-year-old woman presented to the emergency department 60 minutes after ingestion of 100 g of acetaminophen, and unknown amounts of ibuprofen and ethanol...
July 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Yanko T Iliev, Marin Y Zagorov, Janet G Grudeva-Popova
Dapsone is a drug commonly used in the treatment of leprosy. In Europe it is rarely prescribed, mostly for the treatment of skin diseases such as dermatitis herpetiformis. Poisoning with dapsone is rare and reports of such cases are of interest for toxicological practice. We describe the only acute dapsone poisoning in a caseload series of 21,000 intoxications treated in the Clinical Toxicology Clinic at St George University Hospital in Plovdiv, Bulgaria between 1999 and 2013. We report on a 36-year-old woman who attempted deliberate self-poisoning with an ingestion of approximately 4...
April 2015: Folia Medica
Yoshito Kamijo
When the patients poisoned with "dangerous drugs", that is, products containing synthetic chemicals such as synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones, are transferred to the emergency facilities, the chemicals really consumed cannot be determined there. So, supportive care may be the most important strategy for treating them. For example, those with serious consciousness disturbance should be supported with ventilator after intubation. Those with remarkable excitatory CNS or sympathetic symptoms, benzodiazepines such as diazepam and midazolam, should be administered...
February 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Jieru Wang, Baotian Kan, Xiangdong Jian, Xiaopeng Wu, Guancai Yu, Jing Sun
This study reports the case of a 44-year-old woman with oral oxalic acid poisoning. As the illness progressed, the patient exhibited severe metabolic acidosis, large-area esophageal mucosa injury and acute kidney injury, which required dialysis. A guide wire slipped out of position during the process of hemodialysis and moved back and forth in the veins, but was removed successfully by interventional endovascular treatment. However, the patient's esophageal mucosa exfoliated, which lead to severe benign esophageal stenosis and dysphagia...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Moonhee Lee, Edith G McGeer, Patrick L McGeer
BACKGROUND: Sodium thiosulfate (STS) is an industrial chemical which has also been approved for the treatment of certain rare medical conditions. These include cyanide poisoning and calciphylaxis in hemodialysis patients with end-stage kidney disease. Here, we investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of STS in our glial-mediated neuroinflammatory model. METHODS: Firstly, we measured glutathione (GSH) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S, SH(-)) levels in glial cells after treatment with sodium hydrosulfide (NaSH) or STS...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Byeong-Jin Ye, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Man-Joong Jeon, Se-Yeong Kim, Hawn-Cheol Kim, Tae-Won Jang, Hong-Jae Chae, Won-Jun Choi, Mi-Na Ha, Young-Seoub Hong
Mercury occurs in various chemical forms, and it is different to health effects according to chemical forms. In consideration of the point, the evaluation of the mercury exposure to human distinguished from occupational and environmental exposure. With strict to manage occupational exposure in factory, it is declined mercury intoxication cases by metallic and inorganic mercury inhalation to occupational exposure. It is increasing to importance in environmental exposure and public health. The focus on the health impact of exposure to mercury is more on chronic, low or moderate grade exposure-albeit a topic of great controversy-, not high concentration exposure by methylmercury, which caused Minamata disease...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Go Morikawa, Katsuko Okazawa, Takahiro Shimizu, Sayoko Otagiri, Fumiko Fuwa, Saori Nakagawa, Susumu Yamato
A 53-year-old woman ingested about 300 mL of 95% methanol. After immediate ethanol antagonist therapy and hemodialysis, she recovered completely. Few days later, the plasma concentration of methanol and formate was measured. A gas chromatography was used for the plasma methanol concentration measurement, and a colorimetric method was used for plasma formate concentration measurement (Formate Colorimetric Assay Kit; BioVision, California, USA). Patient's plasma methanol concentration before hemodialysis was 676...
September 2015: Chūdoku Kenkyū: Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi, the Japanese Journal of Toxicology
Shahin Shadnia, Hasan Amiri, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Mahdi Rezai, Zohreh Vasei, Nillofar Ghodrati, Nasim Zamani
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is an effective antiepileptic drug widely used worldwide. Despite several studies indicating the usefulness of intravenous L-carnitine in the treatment of VPA poisoning, this drug is not readily available in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine whether supportive care without antidote would result in acceptable outcomes in VPA poisoned patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational, retrospective, single-center case series, all patients >12-year-old with VPA overdose who had referred to a tertiary center between 2009 and 2013 were consecutively enrolled...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Kurt Anseeuw, James B Mowry, Emmanuel A Burdmann, Marc Ghannoum, Robert S Hoffman, Sophie Gosselin, Valery Lavergne, Thomas D Nolin
The Extracorporeal Treatments in Poisoning (EXTRIP) Workgroup conducted a systematic literature review using a standardized process to develop evidence-based recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) in patients with phenytoin poisoning. The authors reviewed all articles, extracted data, summarized findings, and proposed structured voting statements following a predetermined format. A 2-round modified Delphi method was used to reach a consensus on voting statements, and the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method was used to quantify disagreement...
February 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Marc Ghannoum, Valery Lavergne, Sophie Gosselin, James B Mowry, Lotte C G Hoegberg, Mark Yarema, Margaret Thompson, Nancy Murphy, John Thompson, Roy Purssell, Robert S Hoffman
Extracorporeal treatments (ECTRs) such as hemodialysis (HD), enhance the elimination of a small number of toxins. Changes in overdose trends, prescribing practices, antidotes, and dialysis techniques may alter the indications and rates of ECTR use over time. This study analyzed trends in ECTR for poisonings in four countries. A retrospective study of national poison center databases from the United States, Denmark, United Kingdom, and five regional databases within Canada was performed. All cases of patients receiving an ECTR were included...
January 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Yoshito Kamijo
In acute psychotropic drug poisoning, it is important to diagnose and treat complications, including aspiration pneumonitis, abnormal body temperature, and atraumatic crush syndrome/compartment syndrome (3As). For the gastrointestinal decontamination (GID) of psychotropic drugs, excluding lithium, the administration of activated charcoal through a nasogastric tube should be considered first. For the GID of sustained-release or enteric-coated psychotropic drugs, total bowel irrigation is an option. To eliminate phenobarbital and carbamazepine, multiple doses of activated charcoal or direct hemoperfusion should be considered...
2015: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Payman Moharamzadeh, Farzad Rahmani, Mahboob Pouraghaei, Hanieh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar, Ehsan Mohammadzadeh Abachi
Brain injury associated with methanol toxicity can be ischemic, necrotic or hemorrhagic in nature. It most commonly affects the putamen area bilaterally; however, it can be seen in other locations. This report describes a 22-year-old intoxicated patient who developed an epidural hematoma following hemodialysis. Heparinization during hemodialysis may contribute to cerebral hemorrhagic complications in methanol poisoning. In addition, a history of head trauma may raise the incidence of post-hemodialysis hemorrhagic brain insults...
2014: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Hanna Szymanik-Grzelak, Elżbieta Kuźma-Mroczkowska, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim
INTRODUCTION: Every year about 2.4 million people in USA are exposed to toxic substances. Many of them are children below 6 years of age. Majority of poisonings in children are incidental and related to household products including for example drugs, cleaning products or antifreeze products. Antifreeze solutions contain ethylene glycol and methanol. Treatment of these toxic substances involves ethanol administration, fomepizole, hemodialysis and correction of metabolic acidosis. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to check the efficacy of continuous venovenous hemodiagiltration in intoxication with ethylene glycol and methanol...
April 2015: Developmental Period Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"