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Type II diabeties

S A Al-Shammari, T A Khoja, M A Al-Maatouq
Attendees of 15 health centers in urban and rural areas in the Riyadh region were screened for obesity during May and June 1994. Systemic selection yielded 1580 Saudi males for analysis. The mean age was 33.6 +/- 13.5 years and body mass index (BMI) was 26.9 +/- 5.7 kg/m(2). Only 36.6% of subjects were their ideal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)), while 34.8% were overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m(2)), 26.9% were moderately obese (BMI 30-40 kg/m(2)) and 1.7% were morbidly obese (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)). Middle age, lower education and joblessness predicted a higher risk for obesity...
May 1996: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Sergio Mezzano, Claudio Aros, Alejandra Droguett, M Eugenia Burgos, Leopoldo Ardiles, Claudio Flores, Herman Schneider, Marta Ruiz-Ortega, Jesús Egido
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) regulates genes involved in renal disease progression, such as the chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and RANTES. NF-kappaB is activated in experimental models of renal injury, and in vitro studies also suggest that proteinuria and angiotensin II could be important NF-kappaB activators. It has been proposed that locally produced MCP-1 may be involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). We examined the hypothesis that NF-kappaB could be an indicator of renal damage progression in DN...
October 2004: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
J Johannesen, F Pociot, O P Kristiansen, A E Karlsen, J Nerup et al.
Exposure of human pancreatic islets to a mixture of cytokines induces expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), impairs beta-cell function and induces apoptosis. Exposing human islets to high amounts of NO from chemical NO-donors causes DNA strand breaks and mitochondrial damage, suggesting that NO is deleterious to human beta-cells. Hence, we consider the gene encoding iNOS in beta-cells, NOS2, a candidate gene for type 1 diabetes in humans. In the present study we have tested three identified polymorphisms within the promoter sequence of the human NOS2 gene in a type 1 diabetic family material comprising 154 affected sib-pair families and 103 affected simplex families (1143 individuals in total)...
August 2000: Genes and Immunity
F Piñeiro Chonsa, E Lara Valdivielso, P Muñoz Cacho, T Herrera Plaza, R Rodríguez Cordero, M A Mayo Alastrey
A personal interview to 148 patients was carried out with the aim of getting to know the level of information of type II diabetic patients at an Urban Health Center in Santander. A validated questionnaire made up of 14 questions on general aspects of diabetis, dietetic habits and capability to handle complications was used. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of questionnaire was 0.69. The correct answer average was 6.3 (IC = 5.9-6.5). Patients were best informed about general aspects and had much less information with regard to the handling of complications and to their diet...
May 1991: Gaceta Sanitaria
B Costa, P Utgés, J F Monclús, T Gomis, M R Ciurana, P Julve
BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to estimate the treatment characteristics and prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) diagnosed in the counties of Tarragona (548,900 inhabitants) from the consumption of hypoglycemic medication. METHODS: A stratified aleatory sample was made of the prescription of oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) and insulin (INS) in 14 centers of primary health care. Calculation of pharmacy dispensing and prescriptions (computer network of the Institut Català de la Salut) was carried out with a relation of the mean doses of the survey and the estimate of the consumer population being made...
September 19, 1992: Medicina Clínica
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