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enteral nutrition probe

Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, David T Bolick, Joy Leng, Greg L Medlock, Glynis L Kolling, Jason A Papin, Jonathan R Swann, Richard L Guerrant
BACKGROUND: Environmental enteropathy, which is linked to undernutrition and chronic infections, affects the physical and mental growth of children in developing areas worldwide. Key to understanding how these factors combine to shape developmental outcomes is to first understand the effects of nutritional deficiencies on the mammalian system including the effect on the gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE: We dissected the nutritional components of environmental enteropathy by analyzing the specific metabolic and gut-microbiota changes that occur in weaned-mouse models of zinc or protein deficiency compared with well-nourished controls...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
José Antonio Vaz Rodríguez, Ana Díaz Estrella, María Andalucía González Pérez, Francisco Javier Romero Moreno
Enteral nutrition (NE) is a technique of artificial nutrition that enables management by digestive tract of a defined mixture of nutrients and water, by means of probes implanted nasally or by enterostomies (eg: gastrostomy). Whenever the patient present limitations for voluntary oral ingestion or swallowing of the nutrients, and digestive capacity permitted to absorb nutrients, will draw the administration through a tube. Concern for the nutritional status of the patients is a more present reality among health professionals have demonstrated the direct relationship between malnutrition and morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients...
September 2015: Revista de Enfermería
Diana Ariadel Cobo, José Luis Pereira Cunill, María Socas Macías, Pilar Serrano Aguayo, Eulalia Gómez Liébana, Salvador Morales Conde, Pedro Pablo García Luna
The particularity of this case is the nutritional management that has managed to avoid the use of prolonged parenteral nutrition and possible complications by placing jejunal tube at the distal end in patients with short bowel. It is a 34-year-old colecistectomizado complicated with postoperative peritonitis and dehiscence; two years he studied with small bowel obstruction, he was made de-volvulus and was complicated with two leak at different times after the second escape took place jejunostomy side double barreled shotgun level dehiscence, presented high debits by afferent loop of the terminal jejunostomy; during admission, polyurethane probe enteral feeding was inserted by the efferent loop jejunostomy...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Audren Fournel, Anne Drougard, Thibaut Duparc, Alysson Marlin, Stuart M Brierley, Joel Castro, Sophie Le-Gonidec, Bernard Masri, André Colom, Alexandre Lucas, Perrine Rousset, Nicolas Cenac, Nathalie Vergnolle, Philippe Valet, Patrice D Cani, Claude Knauf
OBJECTIVE: The gut-brain axis is considered as a major regulatory checkpoint in the control of glucose homeostasis. The detection of nutrients and/or hormones in the duodenum informs the hypothalamus of the host's nutritional state. This process may occur via hypothalamic neurons modulating central release of nitric oxide (NO), which in turn controls glucose entry into tissues. The enteric nervous system (ENS) modulates intestinal contractions in response to various stimuli, but the importance of this interaction in the control of glucose homeostasis via the brain is unknown...
November 12, 2015: Gut
Nohra E Beltran, Gustavo Sánchez-Miranda, Emilio Sacristan
A specific device and system has been developed and tested for clinical monitoring of gastric mucosal reactance in the critically ill as an early warning of splanchnic hypoperfusion associated with shock and sepsis. This device has been proven effective in clinical trials and is expected to become commercially available next year. The system uses a combination nasogastric tube and impedance spectroscopy probe as a single catheter. Because this device has a double function, the question is: Does enteral feeding or suction affect the gastric reactance measurements? This study was designed to evaluate the effect of feeding and suction on the measurement of gastric impedance spectroscopy in healthy volunteers...
July 2015: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
Funda Gok, Alper Kilicaslan, Alper Yosunkaya
BACKGROUND: Nasogastric feeding tube (NGT) placement is a common practice performed in intensive care units (ICUs). Complications due to the improper placement of NGT are well known. In this prospective descriptive study, the effectiveness of ultrasound (US)-guided NGT placement was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six mechanically ventilated patients monitored in the ICU were included. A linear US probe was transversely placed just cranial to the suprasternal notch, and the concentric layers of the esophagus were attempted to be viewed on the posterolateral side of the trachea (generally left) by shifting the probe...
April 2015: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Subhashree Subramanyam, Nagesh Sardesai, Subhash C Minocha, Cheng Zheng, Richard H Shukle, Christie E Williams
BACKGROUND: Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor), a member of the gall midge family, is one of the most destructive pests of wheat (Triticum aestivum) worldwide. Probing of wheat plants by the larvae results in either an incompatible (avirulent larvae, resistant plant) or a compatible (virulent larvae, susceptible plant) interaction. Virulent larvae induce the formation of a nutritive tissue, resembling the inside surface of a gall, in susceptible wheat. These nutritive cells are a rich source of proteins and sugars that sustain the developing virulent Hessian fly larvae...
2015: BMC Plant Biology
Magnolia Del Carmen Navarro Falcón, Juana Parejo Campos, José Luis Pereira Cunill, Pedro Pablo García Luna
When assessing a patient nutritional support the state of the gastrointestinal tract is the most important point to consider, whenever possible we should choose the enteral nutrition (EN) over parenteral nutrition (PN) and recognized by its various advantages. The percutaneous gastrostomy (GRP) were introduced in clinical practice as an alternative to surgical gastrostomy (GQ). The speed, simplicity, low cost, low morbidity and low mortality of these techniques has allowed its rapid development.The feeding tubes types used were the balloon-retained devices catheter, the pig tail and the ballon-retained with gastropexia (gastropexia)...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Karlos X Moreno, Santhosh Satapati, Ralph J DeBerardinis, Shawn C Burgess, Craig R Malloy, Matthew E Merritt
Glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis are sensitive to nutritional state, and the net direction of flux is controlled by multiple enzymatic steps. This delicate balance in the liver is disrupted by a variety of pathological states including cancer and diabetes mellitus. Hyperpolarized carbon-13 magnetic resonance is a new metabolic imaging technique that can probe intermediary metabolism nondestructively. There are currently no methods to rapidly distinguish livers in a gluconeogenic from glycogenolytic state...
December 26, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Renata Andrea Pietro Pereira Viana, Ederlon Rezende, Maria Aparecida Oliveira Batista, Carla Marta da Silva, Miguel Costa Ribeiro Neto, Tatiane Akemi Setoyama, João Manoel Silva Junior, Amanda Maria Ribas Rosa de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: Appropriate nutritional support is important to the outcomes of critically ill patients. However, a significant portion of these patients experience intestinal motility problems. Administration of enteral nutrition by means of tubes placed in the post-pyloric position has been suggested to improve the nutrition tolerance. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of successful post-pyloric placement using a real-time electromagnetic positioning device to the success rate using the conventional placement method...
March 2011: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Raman Khanna, Pamela J Stoddard, Elizabeth N Gonzales, Mariana Villagran-Flores, Joan Thomson, Paul Bayard, Ana Gabriela Palos Lucio, Dean Schillinger, Stefano Bertozzi, Ralph Gonzales
In the United States, Spanish-speaking patients with diabetes often receive inadequate dietary counseling. Providing language and culture-concordant dietary counseling on an ongoing basis is critical to diabetes self-care. To determine if automated telephone nutrition support (ATNS) counseling could help patients improve glycemic control by duplicating a successful pilot in Mexico in a Spanish-speaking population in Oakland, California. A prospective randomized open-label trial with blinded endpoint assessment (PROBE) was performed...
November 2014: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Jeanne-Marie Bonnet-Garin, Bernard Allaouchiche, Olivia Vassal, Damien Restagno, Christian Paquet, Jean-Yves Ayoub, Jérôme Etienne, François Vandenesch, Olivier Daulwader, Stéphane Junot
INTRODUCTION: We evaluate an innovative device consisting of an enteral feeding tube equipped with a photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor in contact with the duodenal mucosa. This study aims to determine if the PPG signal, composed of a continuous (PDC) and a pulsatile part (PAC), is a reliable method to assess gut perfusion in a porcine model of septic shock. METHOD: Fourteen piglets were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated. They were randomly assigned to two groups: the nonseptic (NS) group received an infusion of Ringer's lactate solution (RL) alone, the septic (S) group received in addition a suspension of live Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
2014: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Anne Pierog, Gudrun Aspelund, Christiana Farkouh-Karoleski, Mengfei Wu, Joshua Kriger, Julia Wynn, Usha Krishnan, Ali Mencin
OBJECTIVES: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors often have gastrointestinal disorders, and limited outcome data exist. This study reviewed risk factors for low weight and use of feeding tubes after CDH repair at 1 year of age. The hypothesis was that patients who required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or with significant pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) would have lower weight percentiles and more often require tube feedings. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 89 infants with CDH diagnosed in the neonatal period was conducted...
October 2014: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Danielle Hickman, Melissa K Jones, Shu Zhu, Ericka Kirkpatrick, David A Ostrov, Xiaoyu Wang, Maria Ukhanova, Yijun Sun, Volker Mai, Marco Salemi, Stephanie M Karst
Human noroviruses are the primary cause of severe childhood diarrhea in the United States, and they are of particular clinical importance in pediatric populations in the developing world. A major contributing factor to the general increased severity of infectious diseases in these regions is malnutrition-nutritional status shapes host immune responses and the composition of the host intestinal microbiota, both of which can influence the outcome of pathogenic infections. In terms of enteric norovirus infections, mucosal immunity and intestinal microbes are likely to contribute to the infection outcome in substantial ways...
2014: MBio
Vesna Kovacic Vicic, Maja Radman, Vedran Kovacic
BACKGROUND: Burned patients have increased level of mortality, possibly due to late introduction of enteral feeding. The aim of this study was to compare the benefits and safety of very early enteral nutrition introduction compared to the normal diet among burns patients in an intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants consisted of 101 patients, aged 20-76 years (mean age 48 years), 49 men and 52 women, with burns that covered more than 20% of the body...
2013: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Deirdre Douglass, Noemi Islam, Janice Baranowski, Tzu-An Chen, Amy F Subar, Thea Palmer Zimmerman, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: To simulate the effect of child-friendly (CF) adaptations of the National Cancer Institute's Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Recall (ASA24) on estimates of nutrient intake. METHOD: One hundred twenty children, 8-13 years old, entered their previous day's intake using the ASA24 and completed an interviewer-administered recall using the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR). Based on a hypothesis that proposed adaptations to the ASA24 will not significantly affect mean nutrient estimates, ASA24 data were manipulated postadministration to simulate a CF version in which 2 categories of data collection were removed: (1) foods not likely to be consumed by children (45%) based on previous analyses of national dietary data and (2) food detail questions (probes) to which children are unlikely to know the answers (46%), based on our experience...
2013: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
L N Kostiuchenko, O A Smirnova, T N Kuz'mina
The article has revealed the relevance of nutriciology as a science, classification and types of nutritional support. Nutritional support--diagnostics and the metabolic correction of arising violations of various kinds of homeostasis, aimed at ensuring the functioning of the systems of protein-energy synthesis and intermediate exchange of nutrients, vitamins, macro--and microelements, or a temporary replacement therapy of their failure. The notions of "lack of food", "artificial" food, protein-energy insufficiency with the exception of the syndromes of malabsorption, alimentary anemia, the effects of protein-energy malnutrition, consumptive disease, starvation have been interpreted...
2013: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Luciana Bueno
BACKGROUND: The nutritional therapy with enteral diets has been getting specialized and those formulations to substitute the traditional diet for those patients who need to be fed by probe. This workís aim was to study the effect of the components of enteral diet formulation: fiber, calcium and medium-chain triglycerides, seeking optimize a formulation for the best dialysability of iron by Response Surface Methodology (RSM). METHODS: The ingredients used for the formulations of the diet were chosen according to the ones commercialized in the modules of a standard enteral diet, with which it was made an experimental diet and the applicability of the experimental limits...
January 2013: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Terence M Dovey, Victoria K Aldridge, Clarissa I Martin
This article aims to offer a behavioural assessment strategy for oral sensitivity that can be readily applied in the clinical setting. Four children, ranging in age and with a variety of developmental and medical problems, were used as test cases for a task analysis of tolerance to touch probes in and around the mouth. In all cases, the assessment was sensitive to weekly measures of an intervention for oral sensitivity over a 3-week period. Employing an inexpensive, direct, specific to the individual, replicable, reliable, and effective measure for a specific sensory problem would fit better with the edicts of evidence-based practice...
December 2013: Dysphagia
(no author information available yet)
The authors present their experience with surgical treatment (one-stage replacement of the esophagus) of 113 patients with cicatricial constriction of the esophagus after chemical burn and esophageal achalasia for the recent 10 years. At the present-day stage priority is given to bougienage of the esophagus followed by setting a nasogastric probe for nutrition. Since 2006 the traditional preoperative preparation has included nutrition support with the standard enteral mixture through the nasogastric probe in the volume of physiological requirement for 7-10 days...
2012: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
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