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Fibula graft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092922/the-effectiveness-of-free-vascularized-fibular-flaps-in-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-and-neck-a-systematic-review
#1
Cassandra A Ligh, Jonas A Nelson, John P Fischer, Stephen J Kovach, L Scott Levin
Background Free vascularized fibular flaps (FVFFs) are accepted surgical options to treat osteonecrosis of the femoral head and neck (ONFHN) to prevent conversion to total hip replacement (THR), yet many studies are single institution cohorts, with little generalizability. Purpose The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review examining the comparative effectiveness of FVFF to treat ONFHN, particularly preventing conversion to a THR and improving hip function/symptoms. Methods We searched PubMed and EMBASE databases using femoral head, free fibula, and femoral neck keywords...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050550/giant-cell-tumor-of-the-femoral-neck-case-report
#2
Paulo Silva, Rogério Andrade do Amaral, Leandro Alves de Oliveira, Frederico Barra de Moraes, Eduardo Damasceno Chaibe
The authors present the case of a patient with a giant cell tumor of the left femoral neck, with adjacent progressive invasion of bone tissue. Initial treatment was done with local curettage and autologous bone graft from fibula, electrocauterization and filling with methyl methacrylate. A local tumoral relapse was present after one year; therefore a new surgical procedure was necessary, with proximal femoral wide resection and unconventional endoprosthesis fixation. The article discusses the clinical aspects and surgical treatment...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040088/restoration-of-long-bone-defects-treated-with-the-induced-membrane-technique-protocol-and-outcomes
#3
Peter V Giannoudis, Paul J Harwood, Theodoros Tosounidis, Nikolaos K Kanakaris
This prospective study was undertaken at a regional tertiary referral centre to evaluate the results of treatment of bone defects managed with the induced membrane (IM) technique. Inclusion criteria were patients with bone defects secondary to septic non-union, chronic osteomyelitis and acute fracture with bone loss. Pathological fractures with bone loss were excluded. Data collection included patient demographics, pathology, previous surgical intervention, size of bone defect, type of graft implanted, time-to-union and complications/reinterventions...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007392/donor-site-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-after-microvascular-head-and-neck-reconstruction-with-free-fibula-and-deep-circumflex-iliac-artery-flaps
#4
Christopher Schardt, Angela Schmid, Jens Bodem, Johannes Krisam, Jürgen Hoffmann, Christian Mertens
PURPOSE: Bone defects after resective tumor surgeries often require the use of microvascular reanastomized bone grafts for reconstruction. The decision as to which specific flap is most suitable for the particular patient is dependent on various factors. The aspects donor site morbidity and quality of life are rarely taken into account in this connection. The aim of this study was to analyze whether these factors, in the future, should influence the choice of donor site. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, the donor sites of 46 patients with respect to deep-circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) and fibula flaps were analyzed using subjective and objective parameters...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995558/is-there-benefit-to-free-over-pedicled-vascularized-grafts-in-augmenting-tibial-intercalary-allograft-constructs
#5
Marco Manfrini, Srimanth Bindiganavile, Ferhat Say, Marco Colangeli, Laura Campanacci, Massimiliano Depaolis, Massimo Ceruso, Davide Donati
BACKGROUND: Intercalary reconstruction of tibial sarcomas with vascularized fibula autografts and massive bone allografts is reliable with predictable long-term results. However, inadequate data exist comparing free and pedicled vascularized fibula autografts in combination with a massive bone allograft in patients undergoing intercalary tibia reconstructions. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Among patients undergoing large-segment intercalary allografting, we sought to compare supplemental free vascularized fibular autografts with supplemental pedicled vascularized fibular autografts, in terms of (1) oncologic results, (2) complications associated with surgery, (3) Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores, and (4) surgical time...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978582/a-comparison-of-vascularized-free-fibular-flaps-and-nonvascularized-fibular-grafts-for-reconstruction-of-long-bone-defects-after-tumor-resection
#6
Emmanuel Pantaleon Estrella, Edward H M Wang
Background The use of the fibula autograft has been a reliable method in the reconstruction of long bone defects after tumor resection. The objective of this study was to report the outcomes fibular grafting in terms of graft union, functional score, complications, and oncologic outcome. Methods A retrospective review of patients with fibular grafting after tumor resection was done from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2013. The primary outcome was graft union and the revised musculoskeletal tumor society scoring system (MSTS score)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977040/anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-using-a-synthetic-hydroxyapatite-graft-for-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#7
Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Kenichiro Sakai, Shinichi Sotome, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Hiroyuki Inose, Tsuyoshi Kato, Shigenori Kawabata, Atsushi Okawa
The significant complication rate associated with harvesting autologous iliac bone or fibula has encouraged development of alternative graft substitutes. In this study, the authors investigated the efficacy and safety of synthetic porous hydroxyapatite (HA) combined with local vertebral bone graft for use in anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) for the treatment of patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Since 2006, twenty-five OPLL patients underwent ACCF using HA blocks (HA group)...
December 9, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973958/validation-of-a-fibula-graft-cutting-guide-for-mandibular-reconstruction-experiment-with-rapid-prototyping-mandible-model
#8
Se-Ho Lim, Yeon-Ho Kim, Moon-Key Kim, Woong Nam, Sang-Hoon Kang
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether cutting a fibula graft with a surgical guide template, prepared with computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM), would improve the precision and accuracy of mandibular reconstruction. METHODS: Thirty mandibular rapid prototype (RP) models were allocated to experimental (N = 15) and control (N = 15) groups. Thirty identical fibular RP models were assigned randomly, 15 to each group. For reference, we prepared a reconstructed mandibular RP model with a three-dimensional printer, based on surgical simulation...
December 2016: Comput Assist Surg (Abingdon)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880030/osseointegrated-implants-into-a-variety-of-composite-free-flaps-a-comparative-analysis
#9
Michael Burgess, Matthew Leung, Anthony Chellapah, Jonathan R Clark, Martin D Batstone
BACKGROUND: Significant oral function is often lost after surgical therapy for head and neck cancer. The use of osseointegrated implants for reconstruction in patients with head and neck surgery has shown to significantly improve the quality of life for these patients. Variable success rates range from 99% to 70%. METHODS: A retrospective audit of patient records was performed looking at cumulative survival of implants. Inclusion criteria were patients who were treated at 1 of 2 designated Australian Head and Neck Units and received oral osseointegrated implants...
November 23, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876350/a-solution-to-the-vessel-shortage-during-free-vascularized-fibular-grafting-for-reconstructing-infected-bone-defects-of-the-femur-bridging-with-vein-transplantation
#10
Ren Gao-Hong, Li Run-Guang, Jiang Gui-Yong, Chen Chao-Jie, Bao Zhi-Gang
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of bridging vein transplantation to deal with the vessel shortage during free vascularized fibular grafting for reconstructing infected bone defects of the femur. METHODS: Twelve patients (aged 15-58 years) with infected bone defects of the femur (between 6.0 and 18.0cm) were recruited in this study. Vacuum sealing drainage were applied after extensive debridement of the infected bone defects and irrigated with 0...
October 22, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875515/reconstruction-of-congenital-mandibular-hypoplasia-with-microvascular-free-fibula-flaps-in-the-pediatric-population-a-paradigm-shift
#11
Emily C Cleveland, Jamie Zampell, Tomer Avraham, Z-Hye Lee, David Hirsch, Jamie P Levine
BACKGROUND: The microvascular free fibula flap has become the gold standard for reconstruction of complex mandibular defects since its description by Hidalgo in 1989. Prior studies have demonstrated its safety and efficacy in the pediatric population. However, this reconstructive method is often used only as a last resort for correction of congenital mandibular hypoplasia, after failure of bone grafting and distraction osteogenesis. The authors describe our experience using this technique, facilitated by virtual planning and prefabricated cutting jigs, for children with severe congenital mandibular hypoplasia...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863500/simultaneous-reconstruction-of-the-bone-and-vessels-for-complex-femoral-defect
#12
Shimpei Miyamoto, Masahide Fujiki, Nokitaka Setsu, Akira Kawai
BACKGROUND: Several methods have been reported for intercalary reconstruction of femoral defects. Of these, free vascularized fibula grafts (FVFG) are preferred because of their durability, bone-healing potential, and tolerance to infection. If the bone tumor invades the femoral vessels, simultaneous vascular reconstruction also becomes necessary and significant technical hurdles make limb salvage difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 10-year-old girl who underwent limb-sparing surgery for a distal femur osteosarcoma...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857796/dwarf-with-dual-spinal-kyphotic-deformity-at-the-cervical-and-dorsal-spine-unassociated-with-odontoid-hypoplasia-surgical-management
#13
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Dipanker Singh Mankotia
Morquio's syndrome is associated with systemic skeletal hypoplasia leading to generalized skeletal deformation. The hypoplasia of odontoid process is frequent association, which is responsible for atlantoaxial dislocation causing compressive myelopathy. However, development of sub-axial cervical kyphotic deformity unassociated with odontoid hypoplasia is extremely rare, and coexistence of dorsal kyphotic deformity is not reported in the western literature till date and represents first case. Current case is 16-year-old boy, who presented with severe kyphotic deformity of cervical spine with spastic quadriparesis...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780513/management-of-humeral-fracture-nonunion-in-severe-osteoporosis-by-a-combination-of-locking-plating-and-intramedullary-fibular-grafting
#14
Shabir-Ahmed Dhar, Mohammed-Farooq Butt, Tahir-Ahmed Dar, Reyaz-Ahmed Dar, Zameer Ali
Nonunion of the humerus in a severely osteoporotic bone is a likely event especially if the fracture is transverse. The management of such a combination is a challenge. Most of the conventional fixation methods are unlikely to succeed as the bone failure precedes implant failure in osteoporosis. The challenge is further compounded in severe osteoporosis when the cortical thickness is affected more severely. We used a combination of an intramedullary fibula with a locking plate in 5 cases. The results show that it may be a good combination in such situations as the bone strength is augmented and the plate pullout is less likely...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725996/non-vascularised-iliac-crest-bone-graft-for-immediate-reconstruction-of-lateral-mandibular-defect
#15
Eyituoyo Okoturo
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular defect reconstruction is extremely important to achieving an improved quality of life of patients as this bony defect influences facial harmony and aesthetics. Reconstruction of mandibular defects at our centre comprises use of reconstruction plate, non-vascularised anterior iliac crest graft and vascularised fibula flap. Despite the large mandibular defect recorded in our developing environment, non-vascularised iliac crest graft continues to play a role in its exclusive use for lateral mandibular defects...
December 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680099/mandibular-intraosseous-pseudocarcinomatous-hyperplasia-a-case-report
#16
Andreas Fuchs, Stefan Hartmann, Karen Ernestus, Grit Mutzbauer, Christian Linz, Roman C Brands, Alexander C Kübler, Urs D A Müller-Richter
BACKGROUND: Mandibular pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia is a rare and generally benign pathology. We report on one of these rare cases. CASE PRESENTATION: The case history of a 73-year-old white man stated that he had a carcinoma of the oropharynx, which was primarily treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy 4 years prior. As a result of radiotherapy he developed an osteoradionecrosis of his mandible and a consecutive pathological fracture of his left mandibular angle...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623304/graft-subsidence-and-revision-rates-following-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-a-clinical-study-comparing-different-interbody-cages
#17
Michael H Weber, Maryse Fortin, Jian Shen, Bobby Tay, Serena S Hu, Sigurd Berven, Shane Burch, Dean Chou, Christopher Ames, Vedat Deviren
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the subsidence and revision rates associated with different interbody cages following anterior cervical corpectomy and reconstruction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Different interbody cages are currently used for surgical reconstruction of the anterior and middle columns of the spine following anterior cervical corpectomy. However, subsidence and delayed union/nonunion associated with allograft and cage reconstruction are common complications, which may require revision with instrumentation...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622091/analysis-of-fibular-single-graft-and-fibular-double-barrel-graft-for-mandibular-reconstruction
#18
Naohiro Ishii, Yusuke Shimizu, Jyun Ihara, Kazuo Kishi
BACKGROUND: High-quality mandibular reconstruction using vascularized free fibular graft is necessary to provide an osseointegrated dental implant and fixed denture. An appropriate crown-implant ratio is needed, and a good match between bones is extremely important. There are no articles describing the analysis and evaluation of both the fibula and mandible in the same patients. METHODS: Computed tomography images of both mandible and fibula of 80 patients were selected in a random manner...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548585/management-of-terminal-osseous-overgrowth-of-the-humerus-with-simple-resection-and-osteocartilaginous-grafts
#19
Graham T Fedorak, Anna V Cuomo, Hugh G Watts, Anthony A Scaduto
BACKGROUND: Osseous overgrowth is a common complication in children after humeral transcortical amputation. Capping tibial overgrowth with the proximal fibula has been shown to be the most effective treatment. However, best treatment practices are not clear for the humerus. We compared patients treated surgically for humeral osseous overgrowth with simple resection or autologous osteocartilaginous graft to determine if this treatment were as effective in the humerus as it has been in the tibia...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511468/persistent-non-union-of-the-humeral-shaft-treated-by-plating-and-autologous-bone-grafting
#20
Tristan Pollon, Nicolas Reina, Stéphanie Delclaux, Paul Bonnevialle, Pierre Mansat, Nicolas Bonnevialle
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of persistent non-union of the humeral shaft is a complex situation because of the risk of failure and surgery-related complications. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological results of a continuous series of persistent non-union treated with plating and bone grafting. The secondary objective was to expose factors contributing to the failure of prior bone union attempts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen patients (average age of 52 years) were treated for persistent non-union of the humeral shaft in our department; six of these patients had predisposing comorbidities or addictions...
August 10, 2016: International Orthopaedics
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