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Behavioral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053023/n-acetylcysteine-for-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-an-open-label-pilot-study
#1
Kathryn R Cullen, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Patricia Carstedt, Nicholas Marka, Katharine Nelson, Michael J Miller, Kristina Reigstad, Ana Westervelt, Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Lynn E Eberly
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in adolescents and young adults, and few evidence-based treatments are available for this significant problem. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a widely available nutritional supplement that has been studied in some psychiatric disorders relevant to NSSI including mood and addictive disorders. This pilot study tested the use of NAC as a potential treatment for NSSI in youth. METHODS: Thirty-five female adolescents and young adults with NSSI aged 13-21 years were enrolled in this study that had an open-label, single-arm study design...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051634/low-sat-structured-fats-enriched-in-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-physicochemical-properties-and-crystallization-characteristics
#2
Marcella Aparecida Stahl, Monise Helen Masuchi Buscato, Renato Grimaldi, Lisandro Pavie Cardoso, Ana Paula Badan Ribeiro
This work sought to obtain and evaluate zero trans-fat reduced in saturated fatty acids, with higher content of unsaturated fatty acids. Palm oil (PO) was used as the reference of zero trans lipid base. Different amounts of linseed oil (LO) were added to PO, obtaining the following blends: 100:0; 80:20; 60:40; 40:60; 20:80 and 0:100 of PO:LO (w/w%), respectively. These blends were added to fully hydrogenated soybean oil (FHSO) as the crystallization modifying agent, and to sorbitan monostearate (SMS) as the structuring element, both at a proportion of 3% to build the structured fractions...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050704/patterns-of-food-avoidance-and-eating-behavior-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#3
María Mar López-Rodríguez, José Granero Molina, Isabel María Fernández Medina, Cayetano Fernández Sola, Alicia Ruiz Muelle
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a form of non-articular rheumatic disorder of unknown origin. It is characterized by widespread, chronic musculoskeletal pain. Patients with fibromyalgia suffer more frequently eating disorders, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Studies have pointed out to nutrition as a relevant factor in these patients. Some of them think that diet has an influence on fibromyalgia symptoms, and tend to adopt certain dietary patterns. This, combined with access to non-scientific information about diets and supplements, makes analysis of dietary behavior, avoidance, and restrictions particularly important...
November 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#4
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049523/oral-human-papillomavirus-infection-differences-in-prevalence-between-sexes-and-concordance-with-genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-nhanes-2011-to-2014
#5
Kalyani Sonawane, Ryan Suk, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Peihua Qiu, Timothy Wilkin, Alan G Nyitray, Andrew G Sikora, Ashish A Deshmukh
Background: The burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is disproportionately high among men, yet empirical evidence regarding the difference in prevalence of oral HPV infection between men and women is limited. Concordance of oral and genital HPV infection among men is unknown. Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection, as well as the concordance of oral and genital HPV infection, among U.S...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048455/improving-knowledge-and-behaviors-on-diet-and-physical-activity-in-children-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-field-trial
#6
G La Torre, A Mannocci, R Saulle, A Sinopoli, V D'Egidio, C Sestili, R Manfuso, D Masala
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge of healthy eating, to encourage change in nutritional behavior in accordance with the Mediterranean diet and to promote physical activity in children aged 7 to 9 years and their parents in a school setting through the use of cards and board games of the project Giochiamo (Let us play). METHODS: This experimental randomized field trial enrolled children in a school setting. The trial consisted of two phases...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#7
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048210/breastfeeding-challenges-and-the-preterm-mother-infant-dyad-a-conceptual-model
#8
Chantal Lau
Breastfeeding is an experience that only a mother and her infant(s) can share. Infants who can feed from the breast receive not only the best nutrition but also, due to the close physical contact between mother and child, it is the optimal nurturance they can receive from their mother. When breastfeeding is trouble free, maternal well-being is uniquely heightened. However, breastfeeding remains a challenge for many mother-infant dyads and more so for those whose infants are born prematurely. This article introduces a conceptual model of the breastfeeding challenges facing preterm mother-infant dyads...
October 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044155/enterococci-mediate-the-oviposition-preference-of-drosophila-melanogaster-through-sucrose-catabolism
#9
Wei Liu, Ke Zhang, Yujuan Li, Wanzhen Su, Kunkun Hu, Shan Jin
Sucrose, one of the main products of photosynthesis in plants, functions as a universal biomarker for nutritional content and maturity of different fruits across diverse ecological niches. Drosophila melanogaster congregates to lay eggs in rotting fruits, yet the factors that influence these decisions remains uncovered. Here, we report that lactic acid bacteria Enterococci are critical modulators to attract Drosophila to lay eggs on decaying food. Drosophila-associated Enterococci predominantly catabolize sucrose for growing their population in fly food, and thus generate a unique ecological niche with depleted sucrose, but enriched bacteria...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043285/the-relationship-between-health-locus-of-control-and-health-behaviors-in-emergency-medicine-personnel
#10
Mansour Pourhoseinzadeh, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Mehrnaz Moradikalboland
BACKGROUND: Health locus of control defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having external or internal control over them, could affect health. Health locus of control plays a role in health behaviors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between health locus of control and health behavior in emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz during 2016. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which began in August 2016 for a period of six months on 215 emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz who were selected randomly...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043250/canine-food-preference-assessment-of-animal-and-vegetable-ingredient-based-diets-using-single-pan-tests-and-behavioral-observation
#11
Meghan C Callon, Cara Cargo-Froom, Trevor J DeVries, Anna K Shoveller
Knowledge of canine food selection is critical for both the pet food industry and dog owners, since owners want quality foods that are palatable, while fulfilling their pet's nutritional requirements. There are two common methods for assessing canine food preference: the two-pan test and the one-pan test. Neither test fully accounts for the complexity of the canine feeding experience nor do they provide applicable representations of canine feeding behavior in the home. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine whether dogs display a preference for animal ingredient-based diets when compared with vegetable ingredient-based diets and (2) examine whether dogs experience neophobia when presented with a novel diet...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040177/providing-self-management-education-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-addressing-basic-nutrition-and-hypoglycemia
#12
Carrie Palmer
NPs and other primary care providers will continue to encounter a growing population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Helping patients engage in self-care behaviors is essential to achieve blood glucose control and prevent diabetes-related complications. This article explores opportunities to provide education to patients with diabetes mellitus on the important self-care topics of nutrition and hypoglycemia during a primary care visit.
November 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035677/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-application-for-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-focusing-on-weight-loss-a-preliminary-study
#13
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Dong-Hwa Lee, Youngin Kim, Andreas Michaelides, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Hak Chul Jang, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent results for the effectiveness of using smartphone applications (apps) or websites on weight loss. We investigated the efficacy of a smartphone intervention using a designated app that utilizes a lifestyle intervention-focused approach, including a human coaching element, toward weight loss in overweight or obese Korean adults. METHODS: One hundred four adults aged 20-60 years with a body mass index ≥23 kg/m(2), who signed up for a smartphone program for weight loss (using the Noom app), were recruited...
October 16, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#14
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035082/all-for-one-or-one-for-all-authorship-and-the-cross-sectoral-valuation-of-credit-in-nutrition-science
#15
Bart Penders
The passionate pursuit of authorships is fuelled by the value they represent to scholars and scientists. This article asks how this value differs across scientists and how these different processes of valuation inform authorship articulation, strategies, and publication behavior in general. Drawing from a qualitative analysis of authorship practices among nutrition scientists employed at universities, contract research organizations, and in food industry, I argue that two different modi operandi emerge when it comes to authorship...
October 16, 2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032081/protein-malnutrition-after-weaning-disrupts-peripheral-clock-and-daily-insulin-secretion-in-mice
#16
Patricia Cristine Borck, Thiago Martins Batista, Jean Franciesco Vettorazzi, Rafael Ludemann Camargo, Antonio Carlos Boschero, Elaine Vieira, Everardo Magalhães Carneiro
Changes in nutritional state may alter circadian rhythms through alterations in expression of clock genes. Protein deficiency has a profound effect on body metabolism, but the effect of this nutrient restriction after weaning on biological clock has not been explored. Thus, this study aims to investigate whether the protein restriction affects the daily oscillation in the behavior and metabolic rhythms, as well as expression of clock genes in peripheral tissues. Male C57BL/6 J mice, after weaning, were fed a normal-protein (NP) diet or a low-protein (LP) diet for 8 weeks...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030686/blood-mercury-concentration-in-relation-to-metabolic-and-weight-phenotypes-using-the-knhanes-2011-2013-data
#17
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: We assessed the association of blood mercury concentration with metabolic and weight phenotypes. METHODS: Blood mercury concentration, metabolic syndrome components, and body mass index (BMI) were measured in 6006 Korean adults (2963 men, 3043 women, mean age 44.7 ± 14.7 years), using the 2011-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Metabolic and weight phenotypes were classified based on BMI and metabolic syndrome (MetS) presence as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), metabolically unhealthy and normal weight (MUNW), metabolically healthy and obese (MHO), and metabolically unhealthy and obese (MUO)...
October 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030327/the-effectiveness-of-ehealth-technologies-on-weight-management-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Diana Sherifali, Kara A Nerenberg, Shanna Wilson, Kevin Semeniuk, Muhammad Usman Ali, Leanne M Redman, Kristi B Adamo
BACKGROUND: The emergence and utilization of electronic health (eHealth) technologies has increased in a variety of health interventions. Exploiting the real-time advantages offered by mobile technologies during and after pregnancy has the potential to empower women and encourage behaviors that may improve maternal and child health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of eHealth technologies for weight management during pregnancy and the postpartum period and to review the efficacy of eHealth technologies on health behaviors, specifically nutrition and physical activity...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029685/using-structured-and-unstructured-data-to-identify-patients-need-for-services-that-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#19
Joshua R Vest, Shaun J Grannis, Dawn P Haut, Paul K Halverson, Nir Menachemi
INTRODUCTION: Increasingly, health care providers are adopting population health management approaches that address the social determinants of health (SDH). However, effectively identifying patients needing services that address a SDH in primary care settings is challenging. The purpose of the current study is to explore how various data sources can identify adult primary care patients that are in need of services that address SDH. METHODS: A cross-sectional study described patients in need of SDH services offered by a safety-net hospital's federally qualified health center clinics...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029291/nutrition-influences-caffeine-mediated-sleep-loss-in-drosophila
#20
Erin S Keebaugh, Jin Hong Park, Chenchen Su, Ryuichi Yamada, William W Ja
Study objectives: Plant-derived caffeine is regarded as a defensive compound produced to prevent herbivory. Caffeine is generally repellent to insects and often used to study the neurological basis for aversive responses in the model insect, Drosophila melanogaster. Caffeine is also studied for its stimulatory properties where sleep or drowsiness is suppressed across a range of species. Since limiting access to food also inhibits fly sleep-an effect known as starvation-induced sleep suppression-we tested whether aversion to caffeinated food results in reduced nutrient intake and assessed how this might influence fly studies on the stimulatory effects of caffeine...
October 3, 2017: Sleep
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