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Behavioral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240843/behavior-of-bacteriome-symbionts-during-transovarial-transmission-and-development-of-the-asian-citrus-psyllid
#1
Hiroki Dan, Naoya Ikeda, Masaya Fujikami, Atsushi Nakabachi
The Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae) is a serious pest worldwide, transmitting Candidatus Liberibacter spp. (Alphaproteobacteria), the causative agents of a devastating citrus disease known as huanglongbing or greening disease. In a symbiotic organ called the bacteriome, D. citri possesses an organelle-like defensive symbiont, Candidatus Profftella armatura (Betaproteobacteria), and a nutritional symbiont, Ca. Carsonella ruddii (Gammaproteobacteria). Drastically reduced symbiont genomes and metabolic complementarity among the symbionts and D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237186/-current-literature-overview-on-the-therapy-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Jana Brauchmann, Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Stefan Ehehalt, Susanna Wiegand
Background Obesity is a chronic disease due to the comorbidity associated with it and the need for long-term medical care. Therapeutic intervention is possible at every stage of pathophysiology. Aim The aim of the study is to demonstrate the effect of multimodal lifestyle interventions not only on the BMI/BMI-SDS, but also on (secondary) outcomes such as comorbidities, quality of life as well as the nutritional and movement behavior. Materials and Methods The literature database PubMed has been searched for internationally clinical studies on lifestyle interventions among 0 to 18-year-olds with overweight and obesity in the period from 01/01/2009 to 01/01/2016...
December 13, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233803/a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-young-adults-in-australian-remote-indigenous-communities-design-formative-evaluation-and-user-testing
#3
Emma Tonkin, Lauren Jeffs, Thomas Philip Wycherley, Carol Maher, Ross Smith, Jonathon Hart, Beau Cubillo, Julie Brimblecombe
BACKGROUND: The disproportionate burden of noncommunicable disease among Indigenous Australians living in remote Indigenous communities (RICs) is a complex and persistent problem. Smartphones are increasingly being used by young Indigenous adults and therefore represent a promising method to engage them in programs seeking to improve nutritional intake. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to consult RIC members to inform the content of a smartphone app that can be used to monitor and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake in RICs...
December 12, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233128/double-up-food-bucks-program-effects-on-snap-recipients-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases
#4
Marie Steele-Adjognon, Dave Weatherspoon
BACKGROUND: To encourage the consumption of more fresh fruits and vegetables, the 2014 United Sates Farm Bill allocated funds to the Double Up Food Bucks Program. This program provided Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program beneficiaries who spent $10 on fresh fruits and vegetables, in one transaction, with a $10 gift card exclusively for Michigan grown fresh fruits and vegetables. This study analyzes how fruit and vegetable expenditures, expenditure shares, variety and purchase decisions were affected by the initiation and conclusion, as well as any persistent effects of the program...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229018/prenatal-influences-on-temperament-development-the-role-of-environmental-epigenetics
#5
Maria A Gartstein, Michael K Skinner
This review summarizes current knowledge and outlines future directions relevant to questions concerning environmental epigenetics and the processes that contribute to temperament development. Links between prenatal adversity, epigenetic programming, and early manifestations of temperament are important in their own right, also informing our understanding of biological foundations for social-emotional development. In addition, infant temperament attributes represent key etiological factors in the onset of developmental psychopathology, and studies elucidating their prenatal foundations expand our understanding of developmental origins of health and disease...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228351/defensive-behaviors-of-the-new-mealybug-citrus-pest-delottococcus-aberiae-hemiptera-pseudococcidae-against-three-generalist-parasitoids
#6
Alejandro Tena, Eliana Nieves, Julieta Herrero, Alberto Urbaneja
Delottococcus aberiae De Lotto (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is an invasive mealybug that has become a citrus pest in Europe. This mealybug species causes serious damage because it deforms the fruits. Here, we studied the defensive behavior of D. aberiae when it was attacked by three parasitoid species: Acerophagus angustifrons (Gahan), Anagyrus sp. near pseudoccoci (Girault), and Leptomastix algirica Trjapitzin (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Anagyrus sp. near pseudoccoci and L. algirica detected and accepted nymphs and adult females of D...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225403/male-mate-choice-in-a-sexually-cannibalistic-species-male-escapes-from-hungry-females-in-the-praying-mantid-tenodera-angustipennis
#7
Mika Kadoi, Kotaro Morimoto, Yasuoki Takami
While competing males and choosy females may be common in animal mating systems, male choice can evolve under certain conditions. Sexual cannibalism is such a condition because of the high mortality risk for males. In mantids, female body condition is associated with male mate preference, with fat females preferred, due to at least two reasons: females in poor nutritional condition are likely to attack and predate males, and fat females can potentially increase the number of offspring. Thus, the risk of cannibalism and female fecundity can influence male mating behavior...
2017: Journal of Ethology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#8
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224668/circadian-clock-gastrointestinal-peptide-interaction-in-peripheral-tissues-and-the-brain
#9
REVIEW
Dominic Landgraf, Anne-Marie Neumann, Henrik Oster
Food intake and sleep are two mutually exclusive behaviors and both are normally confined to opposing phases of the diurnal cycle. The temporal coordination of behavior and physiology along the 24-h day-night cycle is organized by a network of circadian clocks that orchestrate transcriptional programs controlling cellular physiology. Many of the peptide hormones of the gastrointestinal tract are not only secreted in a circadian fashion, they can also affect circadian clock function in peripheral metabolic tissues and the brain, thus providing metabolic feedback to metabolic and neurobehavioral circuits...
December 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223686/nourishing-networks-a-social-ecological-analysis-of-a-network-intervention-for-improving-household-nutrition-in-western-kenya
#10
Autumn L DeLorme, Erika R Gavenus, Charles R Salmen, Gor Ouma Benard, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Kathryn J Fiorella
RATIONALE: A growing body of research emphasizes the need to engage social networks in maternal and child nutrition interventions. However, an understanding of how interventions functionally engage not only mothers but fathers, grandparents, friends, and other social network members remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study uses an adaptation of a social-ecological model to analyze the multiple levels at which the Kanyakla Nutrition Program operates to change behavior...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223314/child-physical-abuse-non-anemic-iron-deficiency-and-behavior-problems
#11
Naixue Cui, Xiaopeng Ji, Jianghong Liu
PURPOSE: Child abuse is regarded as a life-course social determinant of health problems. However, little is known about the nutritional status of physically abused children and their cumulative effect on child behavior. The present study aimed to examine the non-anemic iron deficiency status of abused children and the combined effect of physical abuse and non-anemic iron deficiency on child behavior in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 314 children aged 11-14 (12...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222250/iron-deficiency-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-clinical-implications-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Christian Breymann, Michael Auerbach
Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia during pregnancy; however, its prevalence is highly determined by nutritional and socioeconomic status. Oral iron is the frontline therapy, but is often poorly tolerated. Awareness of the available intravenous formulations is essential for management. Before delivery, risk factors such as multiparity and heavy uterine bleeding increase the prevalence of iron deficiency and should be motivation for early diagnosis and treatment. Neonates born with iron deficiency have a statistically significant increment in both cognitive and behavioral abnormalities that persist after repletion, highlighting the need for heightened awareness of the diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219626/eveningness-is-associated-with-skipping-breakfast-and-poor-nutritional-intake-in-brazilian-undergraduate-students
#13
Gabriela Pereira Teixeira, Maria Carliana Mota, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Some studies have proposed that self-reported eveningness, which reflects the preference of performing activities in the evening, may harm nutritional health and influence the eating behavior and nutritional status of individuals. However, the relationship between these variables (eveningness and nutritional status) and the consumption of breakfast, which is currently considered a marker of health, has been insufficiently explored by studies. The aim of this study was to investigate, in undergraduate students, the association between diurnal preference, being overweight, and food consumption (with special focus on breakfast)...
December 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217466/influence-of-corticosterone-treatment-on-nestling-begging-in-florida-scrub-jays-aphelocoma-coerulescens
#14
Emily K Elderbrock, Thomas W Small, Stephan J Schoech
Altricial young are dependent on adults for protection and food, and they display nutritional need by begging to elicit feeding from parents. Begging at high levels can be energetically expensive and attract predators; thus, an individual must balance its nutritional needs with these potential costs. Further, because a parent is limited in the amount of food it can provide, begging can contribute to both parent-offspring conflict and sibling-sibling competition. Many extrinsic and intrinsic factors may contribute to begging behavior...
December 4, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215977/early-outcomes-of-state-public-health-actions-school-nutrition-strategies
#15
Seraphine Pitt Barnes, Syreeta Skelton-Wilson, Adina Cooper, Caitlin Merlo, Sarah Lee
INTRODUCTION: Since 2013, the State Public Health Actions to Prevent and Control Diabetes, Heart Disease, Obesity and Associated Risk Factors and Promote School Health (State Public Health Actions) program has been implemented to support and reinforce healthy choices and healthy behaviors among the US population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Population Health's School Health Branch has been a critical component, ensuring that state health departments support schools in adopting nutrition standards and creating a supportive nutrition environment...
December 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214922/the-design-and-rationale-of-an-interdisciplinary-non-prescriptive-and-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-based-clinical-trial-the-health-and-wellness-in-obesity-study
#16
Mariana D Ulian, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, Ana Jéssica Pinto, André Vessoni, Jhessica Campos Victor, Victoria Kupper Lima, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Priscila de Morais Sato, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Fernanda B Scagliusi
BACKGROUND: This manuscript describes the design and rationale of a clinical trial that aims to investigate the multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a new interdisciplinary intervention based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) approach in obese women. METHODS: This will be a prospective, 7-month, randomized (2:1), mixed-method clinical trial. Obese women will be recruited and randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (I-HAES®; proposed n = 40) will undertake a novel HAES®-based intervention...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214834/source-and-size-of-social-support-network-on-sedentary-behavior-among-older-adults
#17
Paul D Loprinzi, Elizabeth A Crush
PURPOSE: To examine the association of source of social support and size of social support network on sedentary behavior among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 2519 older adults (60+ years). MEASURES: Sedentary behavior was assessed via accelerometry over a 7-day period. Social support was assessed via self-report...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214822/meeting-sleep-guidelines-is-associated-with-better-health-related-quality-of-life-and-reduced-premature-all-cause-mortality-risk
#18
Paul D Loprinzi, Chelsea Joyner
PURPOSE: To examine whether meeting sleep guidelines (7-9 hours/night) is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and reduced all-cause mortality risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 423 adults. MEASURES: Sleep duration and HRQOL were assessed from self-report; covariates assessed via survey, examination, and laboratory data; and mortality assessed through 2011 via matching from the National Death Index...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214130/measuring-adherence-to-a-nutrition-and-exercise-lifestyle-intervention-is-program-adherence-related-to-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#19
Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214021/a-pilot-study-with-early-adolescents-dealing-with-diet-tobacco-and-air-pollution-using-practical-experiences-and-biological-markers
#20
Chiara Marabelli, Elena Munarini, Micaela Lina, Roberto Mazza, Roberto Boffi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Ruprecht, Giorgia Angellotti, Chiara Veronese, Paolo Pozzi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Adalberto Cavalleri, Giulia Garrone, Franco Berrino
Background: Tobacco use and the Western diet are two of the most important and investigated topics in relation to adolescents' health. In addition, air pollution is a crucial subject for future generations. School is a key social environment that should promote healthy behaviors in children and adolescents. In this field many different programs have been conducted, with mixed results and effectiveness. Research data suggest that comprehensive and multicomponent approaches may have a greater effect on tobacco use and diet, especially when integrated into a community-wide approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
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