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Behavioral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448455/snacking-quality-is-associated-with-secondary-school-academic-achievement-and-the-intention-to-enroll-in-higher-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescents-from-santiago-chile
#1
Paulina Correa-Burrows, Yanina Rodríguez, Estela Blanco, Sheila Gahagan, Raquel Burrows
Although numerous studies have approached the effects of exposure to a Western diet (WD) on academic outcomes, very few have focused on foods consumed during snack times. We explored whether there is a link between nutritious snacking habits and academic achievement in high school (HS) students from Santiago, Chile. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 678 adolescents. The nutritional quality of snacks consumed by 16-year-old was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. The academic outcomes measured were HS grade point average (GPA), the likelihood of HS completion, and the likelihood of taking college entrance exams...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446497/best-but-oft-forgotten-practices-mediation-analysis
#2
Amanda J Fairchild, Heather L McDaniel
This contribution in the "Best (but Oft-Forgotten) Practices" series considers mediation analysis. A mediator (sometimes referred to as an intermediate variable, surrogate endpoint, or intermediate endpoint) is a third variable that explains how or why ≥2 other variables relate in a putative causal pathway. The current article discusses mediation analysis with the ultimate intention of helping nutrition researchers to clarify the rationale for examining mediation, avoid common pitfalls when using the model, and conduct well-informed analyses that can contribute to improving causal inference in evaluations of underlying mechanisms of effects on nutrition-related behavioral and health outcomes...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444844/iranian-clinical-trials-an-analysis-of-registered-trials-in-international-clinical-trial-registry-platform-ictrp
#3
Mansoureh Feizabadi, Fatemeh Fahimnia, Alireza Mosavi Jarrahi, Nader Naghshineh, Shahram Tofighi
BACKGROUND: It is important to specify the disease under investigation in studies registered in clinical trial registration systems. The demand for research on priority public health needs is notably on the rise. One indicator which helps identify the priorities of community public health and medical systems is the burden of disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on clinical trials carried out in Iran was downloaded from the portal of the International Clinical Trials Registry website...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444586/cereal-phytases-and-their-importance-in-improvement-of-micronutrients-bioavailability
#4
REVIEW
Amit Vashishth, Sewa Ram, Vikas Beniwal
Phytic acid is a main reservoir of phosphorous (P) in plants and contributes to about 80% of the total P in cereal seeds. However, it is well known to possess anti-nutritional behavior. Because it has strong affinity to chelate divalent ions e.g. calcium, magnesium, and especially with iron and zinc. Therefore, it is extremely poor as a dietary source of P. To enhance bio-availability of micronutrients, an enzyme namely phytase is known to hydrolyze phytic acid. Unfortunately, phytase is not produced in the stomach of monogastric animals and humans...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442455/use-of-fitness-and-nutrition-apps-associations-with-body-mass-index-snacking-and-drinking-habits-in-adolescents
#6
Nathalie De Cock, Jolien Vangeel, Carl Lachat, Kathleen Beullens, Leentje Vervoort, Lien Goossens, Lea Maes, Benedicte Deforche, Stefaan De Henauw, Caroline Braet, Steven Eggermont, Patrick Kolsteren, John Van Camp, Wendy Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve snacking and drinking habits are needed to promote a healthy body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. Although commercial fitness and nutrition mobile phone apps are widely used, little is known regarding their potential to improve health behaviors, especially in adolescents. In addition, evidence on the mechanisms through which such fitness and nutrition apps influence behavior is lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed whether the use of commercial fitness or nutrition apps was associated with a lower BMI and healthier snacking and drinking habits in adolescents...
April 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440662/step-tracking-with-goals-increases-children-s-weight-loss-in-behavioral-intervention
#7
Amanda E Staiano, Robbie A Beyl, Daniel S Hsia, Amber R Jarrell, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Savarra Mantzor, Robert L Newton, Patrice Tyson
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of step goals with pedometers to improve children's weight loss, physical activity, and psychosocial health during obesity treatment. METHODS: Overweight and obese children ages 8-17 years (n = 105) participated in a 10-week family-based weight management intervention, including physical activity, nutrition, and behavioral modification. A quasi-experimental design was used to group eight cohorts into three conditions: no pedometer (n = 24), pedometer only (n = 25), and pedometer with step goals (i...
April 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440549/feel-american-watch-american-eat-american-remote-acculturation-tv-and-nutrition-among-adolescent-mother-dyads-in-jamaica
#8
Gail M Ferguson, Henna Muzaffar, Maria I Iturbide, Hui Chu, Julie Meeks Gardner
Globalization prompts remote acculturation toward U.S. culture in Jamaica; this study used a bioecological systems approach to examine its proximal impact on nutrition through U.S. cable TV consumption, and maternal influences in the home. Overall, 330 randomly selected adolescent-mother dyads from schools in Kingston, Jamaica (Madolescent_age  = 13.8 years, SDadolescent_age  = 1.8) completed questionnaires reporting American identity and behavioral preferences, daily time spent watching U.S.-produced TV programs, and frequency of eating unhealthy foods...
April 25, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439385/effects-of-tailored-health-education-program-on-overweight-elementary-school-students-obesity-related-lifestyle-a-school-based-interventional-study
#9
Sharareh Haghani, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity are regarded as one of the most serious health and nutrition issues worldwide. This is immediately recognizable in both children and adolescents. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of tailored education on lifestyle modification in elementary school students in Isfahan. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, two elementary schools in Isfahan District 3, Iran, were randomly selected to determine the intervention and comparison groups...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438157/age-period-and-cohort-effects-and-the-predictors-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-among-chinese-children-from-2004-to-2011
#10
Xinping Wei, Yu Zang, Xiaodong Jia, Xiangui He, Shurong Zou, Hui Wang, Meihua Shen, Jiajie Zang
BACKGROUND: Very few studies have explored the effects of age, time period, and cohort in association with biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors predictors on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) among Chinese children. METHODS: We used data from a cohort study of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 2004 and 2011 (2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011). The outcomes of interest were metabolic equivalent of task (MET) hours per week from both active and sedentary activities...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#11
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
April 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436293/food-insecurity-and-depression-among-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#12
Joshua Montgomery, Juan Lu, Scott Ratliff, Briana Mezuk
Purpose While both food insecurity and depression have been linked to risk of type 2 diabetes, little is known about the relationship between food insecurity and depression among adults with diabetes. Research Design and Methods Cross-sectional analyses of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014), a nationally representative, population-based survey. Analytic sample was limited to adults aged ≥20 with diabetes determined by either fasting plasma glucose (≥126 mg/dL) or self-report (n = 1724) and adults age ≥20 with prediabetes determined by fasting plasma glucose (100-125 mg/dL) or self-report (n = 2004)...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436200/randomised-controlled-trial-shows-that-co-bedding-twins-may-reduce-birth-weight-recovery-delay-parenteral-nutrition-weaning-time-and-hospitalisation
#13
Arnaud Legrand, Anne Frondas, Fabien Aubret, Anne Corre, Cyril Flamant, Laure Simon, Clothilde Desrobert, Jean-Christophe Rozé
AIM: Cobedding describes a technique where premature twins are kept within the same incubator, inside a common cocoon, to prolong the alleged in utero behavioral bond and reduce post-natal stress. However there is no consensus amongst neonatologists regarding any clinical or developmental benefits cobedding may provide, in particular when performed early after the birth. The NEOCOB (NEOnatology & COBedding) trial aimed to assess, for the first time, early cobedding in preterm newborn twins...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436163/social-defeat-models-in-animal-science-what-we-have-learned-from-rodent-models
#14
REVIEW
Atsushi Toyoda
Studies on stress and its impacts on animals are very important in many fields of science, including animal science, because various stresses influence animal production and animal welfare. In particular, the social stresses within animal groups have profound impact on animals, with the potential to induce abnormal behaviors and health problems. In humans, social stress induces several health problems, including psychiatric disorders. In animal stress models, social defeat models are well characterized and used in various research fields, particularly in studies concerning mental disorders...
April 24, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436103/delivering-an-action-agenda-for-nutrition-interventions-addressing-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-priorities-for-implementation-and-research
#15
Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Zohra S Lassi, Gilles Bergeron, Berthold Koletzko, Rehana Salam, Angela Diaz, Mireille McLean, Robert E Black, Luz Maria de Rigil, Parul Christian, Andrew M Prentice, Jonathan D Klein, William Keenan, Mark Hanson
Adolescent nutritional behaviors are assuming considerable importance in nutrition interventions given their important relationships with medium- and long-term outcomes. This is the period when young people undergo major anatomical and physiological maturational changes in preparation for adulthood. Nutritional requirements during puberty are higher during adolescence than during the prepubertal stage and during adulthood. A significant proportion of adolescents also become parents, and hence the importance of their health and nutritional status before as well as during pregnancy has its impact on their own health, fetal well-being, and newborn health...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436102/nutrition-in-adolescents-physiology-metabolism-and-nutritional-needs
#16
REVIEW
Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Kent L Thornburg, Andrew M Prentice, Susan Campisi, Zohra S Lassi, Berthold Koletzko, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is the period of development that begins at puberty and ends in early adulthood. Most commonly, adolescence is divided into three developmental periods: early adolescence (10-14 years of age), late adolescence (15-19 years of age), and young adulthood (20-24 years of age). Adolescence is marked by physical and sexual maturation, social and economic independence, development of identity, acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles, and the capacity for abstract reasoning...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436066/reduction-by-coffee-consumption-of-prostate-cancer-risk-evidence-from-the-moli-sani-cohort-and-cellular-models
#17
George Pounis, Claudio Tabolacci, Simona Costanzo, Martina Cordella, Marialaura Bonaccio, Livia Rago, Daniela D'Arcangelo, Augusto Filippo Di Castelnuovo, Giovanni de Gaetano, Maria Benedetta Donati, Licia Iacoviello, Francesco Facchiano
Meta-analytic data on the effect of coffee in prostate cancer risk are controversial. Caffeine as a bioactive compound of coffee has not yet been studied in deep in vitro. Our study aimed at evaluating in a population cohort the effect of Italian-style coffee consumption on prostate cancer risk and at investigating in vitro the potential antiproliferative and antimetastatic activity of caffeine on prostate cancer cell lines. 6,989 men of the Moli-sani cohort aged ≥50 years were followed for a mean of 4.24 ± 1...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432848/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-extreme-obesity-among-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-2001-to-2014
#19
Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Hye Ryun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: We assessed nationwide trends in extreme obesity prevalence and its impact on metabolic syndrome in Korean youth. METHODS: Data from 19,593 youth (10,271 boys) aged 2-19 were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2001-2014). The prevalence of extreme obesity and the odds ratio of metabolic syndrome were calculated. Questionnaires on body weight perceptions and weight control behaviors were administered. RESULTS: The prevalence of extreme obesity increased significantly among boys (p<0...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431255/do-orally-directed-behaviors-mediate-the-relationship-between-behavioral-state-and-nutritive-sucking-in-preterm-infants
#20
Rosemary White-Traut, Li Liu, Kathleen Norr, Krisitin Rankin, Suzann K Campbell, Thao Griffith, Rohitkumar Vasa, Victoria Geraldo, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Early Human Development
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