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Behavioral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684199/patterns-of-ses-health-disparities-among-older-adults-in-three-upper-middle-and-two-high-income-countries
#1
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Renata Pardo, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
Objectives: To examine the socioeconomic status (SES) health gradient for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension within a diverse group of health outcomes and behaviors among older adults (60+) in upper middle-income countries benchmarked with high-income countries. Method : We used data from three upper middle-income settings (Colombia-SABE-Bogotá, Mexico-SAGE, and South Africa-SAGE) and two high-income countries (England-ELSA and US-HRS) to estimate logistic regression models using age, gender, and education to predict health and health behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683500/exposure-to-occupational-noise-and-periodontitis-in-korean-workers
#2
Su-Hyun Shim, Dong-Hun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to occupational noise is reported to cause a wide range of health problems. But, there are no reports on studies investigating the association between noise exposure and periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between occupational noise exposure and periodontitis in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681637/nutrinet-salud-m%C3%A3-xico-prospective-study-online-2018-2028-relationship-between-nutrition-and-health-and-determinants-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-status
#3
Jorge Armando Barriguete-Meléndez, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galán, André Parodi, Jacques Baulieux
Background: NutriNet-Salud Mexico is a digital health information system, e-epidemiology instrument, online, open and free, to recording and analysis the determinants of dietary habits and nutritional status of the Mexican population, for the prevention of overweight, obesity and noncommunicable diseases for the period 2018-2028. Objective: Describe the design, development and implementation of NutriNet-Salud Mexico from the French model NutriNet-Santé France 2008-2018...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680699/the-additive-effect-of-adherence-to-multiple-healthy-lifestyles-on-subclinical-atherosclerosis-insights-from-the-awhs
#4
Irina Uzhova, Rocio Mateo-Gallego, Belén Moreno-Franco, Esther Molina-Montes, Montserrat Leon-Latre, José A Casasnovas Lenguas, Fernando Civeira, José L Peñalvo
BACKGROUND: Public health strategies targeting multiple healthy behaviors, rather than individual factors, have been proposed as more efficient strategies to promote cardiovascular health. However, the additive effect of multiple targets on primary prevention has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE: To examine how adherence to multiple healthy behaviors is associated with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis, a measure of early cardiovascular disease...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680654/evaluating-internal-and-external-markers-versus-fecal-sampling-procedure-interactions-when-estimating-intake-in-dairy-cows-consuming-a-corn-silage-based-diet
#5
A V Velásquez, G G da Silva, D O Sousa, C A Oliveira, C M M R Martins, P P M Dos Santos, J C C Balieiro, F P Rennó, R S Fukushima
Feed intake assessment is a valuable tool for herd management decisions. The use of markers, either internal or external, is currently the most used technique for estimating feed intake in production animals. The experiment used 10 multiparous Holstein cows fed a corn silage-based diet, with 55:45 forage-to-concentrate ratio, the average fecal recovery (FR) of TiO2 was higher than FR of Cr2 O3 , and both FR were more than unity. With internal markers, acetyl bromide lignin and cutin FR were lower than unity, and average FR for indigestible neutral detergent fiber (iNDF) and indigestible acid detergent fiber (iADF) was 1...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678598/the-benefits-of-defining-snacks
#6
Julie M Hess, Joanne L Slavin
Whether eating a "snack" is considered a beneficial or detrimental behavior is largely based on how "snack" is defined. The term "snack food" tends to connote energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods high in nutrients to limit (sugar, sodium, and/or saturated fat) like cakes, cookies, chips and other salty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages. Eating a "snack food" is often conflated with eating a "snack," however, leading to an overall perception of snacks as a dietary negative...
April 17, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674958/neuronal-calcium-signaling-in-metabolic-regulation-and-adaptation-to-nutrient-stress
#7
REVIEW
Siddharth Jayakumar, Gaiti Hasan
All organisms can respond physiologically and behaviorally to environmental fluxes in nutrient levels. Different nutrient sensing pathways exist for specific metabolites, and their inputs ultimately define appropriate nutrient uptake and metabolic homeostasis. Nutrient sensing mechanisms at the cellular level require pathways such as insulin and target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling that integrates information from different organ systems like the fat body and the gut. Such integration is essential for coordinating growth with development...
2018: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672181/pilates-physical-activity-and-diet-survey-an-italian-self-administered-questionnaire-evaluating-diet-habits-of-gym-goers-validation-process
#8
Vincenza Gianfredi, Daniele Nucci, Francesco Ceccarelli, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672109/maternal-protein-free-diet-during-lactation-programs-male-wistar-rat-offspring-for-increased-novelty-seeking-locomotor-activity-and-visuospatial-performance
#9
Bruna M Lotufo, Frank Tenório, Penha C Barradas, Paulo L Guedes, Sebastião S Lima, Michael L M Rocha, Vitor Hugo Duarte-Pinheiro, Vanessa S T Rodrigues, Patrícia C Lisboa, Cláudio C Filgueiras, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Alex C Manhães
It is well established that chronic undernutrition has detrimental impacts on brain development and maturation. However, protein malnutrition during the period specifically encompassing the brain growth spurt has not been widely studied, particularly regarding its effects on adolescent and adult offspring behavior. Here, we assessed the effects of a protein-free diet during the 1st 10 postnatal days on the macronutrient content of the milk produced by lactating Wistar rats, on their maternal behavior, and on the offspring's behavior...
April 2018: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670845/chemical-rheological-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-sesame-and-olive-oils-blended-with-linseed-oil
#10
Fataneh Hashempour-Baltork, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Geoffrey Peter Savage
Purpose: Nutritional quality and oxidation stability are two main factors in the evaluation of edible oils. Oils in their pure form do not have an ideal fatty acid composition or suitable oxidative stability during processing or storage. Methods: This study was designed to evaluate the chemical, nutritional and rheological properties of oil mixtures in three ratios of olive: sesame: linseed, 65:30:5; 60:30:10 and 55:30:15. Acidity value, peroxide value, rancimat test, fatty acid profile, nutritional indexes and rheological properties of the oil blends were determined...
March 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669135/society-of-behavioral-medicine-position-statement-retain-school-meal-standards-and-healthy-school-lunches
#11
Joanna Buscemi, Angela Odoms-Young, Amy L Yaroch, Laura L Hayman, Bernardo Loiacono, Annie Herman, Marian L Fitzgibbon
In 2010, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) altered nutrition standards in the U.S. National School Lunch Program in an attempt to promote healthy eating and improve children's overall health. However, it was reported that these nutrition standard changes were leading to lower consumption of meals and an increase in plate waste. Initial research was unable to validate these reports. Despite these unsubstantiated claims, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released a proposal to roll back some of the nutritional standards implemented by the HHFKA in 2017...
April 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669047/effects-of-early-nutrition-and-transport-of-1-day-old-chickens-on-production-performance-and-fear-response
#12
M S Hollemans, S de Vries, A Lammers, C Clouard
The importance of optimal early life conditions of broilers to sustain efficient and healthy production of broiler meat is increasingly recognized. Therefore, novel husbandry systems are developed, in which immediate provision of nutrition post hatch is combined with on-farm hatching. In these novel systems, 1-day-old-chick handling and transport are minimized. To study whether early nutrition and reduced transport are beneficial for broiler performance and behavior, the effects of early or delayed nutrition and post-hatch handling and transport were tested from hatch until 35 d of age, in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement...
April 13, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666539/oxidative-status-of-a-yogurt-like-fermented-maize-product-containing-phytosterols
#13
Adriana María Descalzo, Sergio Aníbal Rizzo, Adrien Servent, Luciana Rossetti, Marc Lebrun, Carolina Daiana Pérez, Renaud Boulanger, Christian Mestres, Dominique Pallet, Claudie Dhuique-Mayer
This work describes the formulation of a functional yogurt-like product based on fermented maize with added phytosterols and its oxidative stability during cold storage. The technological challenge was to stabilize 3.5% esterified phytosterols (between 2 and 3 g of free sterols) in a low-fat emulsion and to preserve the obtained product throughout processing and storage. The natural bioactive compounds: lutein, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, β-carotene and γ-tocopherol were detected in the yogurt, and remained stable during 12 days of refrigeration...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666285/type-ii-secretion-dependent-aminopeptidase-lapa-and-acyltransferase-plac-are-redundant-for-nutrient-acquisition-during-legionella-pneumophila-intracellular-infection-of-amoebas
#14
Richard C White, Felizza F Gunderson, Jessica Y Tyson, Katherine H Richardson, Theo J Portlock, James A Garnett, Nicholas P Cianciotto
Legionella pneumophila genes encoding LapA, LapB, and PlaC were identified as the most highly upregulated type II secretion (T2S) genes during infection of Acanthamoeba castellanii , although these genes had been considered dispensable on the basis of the behavior of mutants lacking either lapA and lapB or plaC A plaC mutant showed even higher levels of lapA and lapB transcripts, and a lapA lapB mutant showed heightening of plaC mRNA levels, suggesting that the role of the LapA/B aminopeptidase is compensatory with respect to that of the PlaC acyltransferase...
April 17, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664508/oral-self-mutilation-in-lesch-nyhan-syndrome-case-report
#15
Andrés Campolo González, Alex Vargas Díaz, Daniel Fontboté Riesco, Marta Hernández Chávez
INTRODUCTION: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) is an inherited recessive X-related disorder caused by the deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthin-guanine phosphorribosyl transferase (HPRT). Compul sive self-mutilation and dystonia occurs before the first year of age and is expressed by persistent bites on the oral mucosa, lips, tongue, fingers, and shoulders. The dental intervention performed on most of these patients is multiple tooth extraction to prevent serious secondary lesions. OBJECTIVE: To present a clinical case of LNS and describe pediatric dentistry management in patients with self-mutilating behavior...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664132/dialium-seed-coprophagy-in-wild-western-gorillas-multiple-nutritional-benefits-and-toxicity-reduction-hypotheses
#16
Shelly Masi, Thomas Breuer
Unraveling the relationship between the unusual feeding behaviors and the nutritional intake of endangered species may provide crucial information for understanding species response to habitat unpredictable changes. Primates occasionally re-ingest fruit seeds alongside ingestion of feces, a behavior called coprophagy. The nutritional benefit is one of the several non-mutual exclusive hypotheses proposed to explain this behavior. We investigated the ecological correlates of coprophagy in wild western gorillas...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663983/associations-of-parenthood-with-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#17
Valerie Carson, Kristi Adamo, Ryan E Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of the presence, number, and the age of children living in the household with adult physical activity, sedentary behavior (sitting and screen time), and sleep behaviors in a large representative sample. METHODS: Participants were 8312 adults aged 20-65 from the 2011-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Presence (yes/no), the number of children (none, 1, ≥2), the age of the youngest child (none, ≤5 years, 6-17 years) as well as leisure time physical activity, sitting, screen time, and sleep benchmarks were derived from the home interview...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663621/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-young-children-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-in-rural-yunnan-china
#18
Jie Wu, Jing Li, Yan Li, Kek Khee Loo, Haixia Yang, Qiong Wang, Rufei Duan, Xia Xiao, Xiaoxiao Song, Siwei Yang, Lin Sun
BACKGROUND: Children born to HIV-infected mothers are at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. Little is known about neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants and toddlers who were born to HIV-positive mothers but were not themselves infected by HIV, especially in poor rural areas. This study was conducted to compare developmental outcomes between young children who were HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) and their HIV-unexposed and uninfected (HUU) peers in rural Yunnan, China. METHODS: A total of 250 HEU children aged 6-36 months and 250 HUU children matched on age, gender and residency were recruited from rural Yunnan, China...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#19
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661088/perceived-versus-actual-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-race-and-ethnicity
#20
Kyeongra Yang, Lynn M Baniak, Christopher C Imes, JiYeon Choi, Eileen R Chasens
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived risk and actual risk of type 2 diabetes by race and/or ethnicity. Methods The study sample included 10 999 adults from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using interviews and physical examinations. Participants were asked if they felt at risk for diabetes or prediabetes and then asked the reasons why. Data analyses were conducted with SAS to properly analyze complex survey data...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
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