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adenotonsillectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535360/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-otolaryngological-manifestations-and-management
#1
Richard Heyes, Donald W Northfelt, David G Lott
Objective Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a unifying term for a spectrum of lymphoid expansion entities brought about by immunosuppression and is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Otolaryngological findings tend to present early in the clinical course; therefore, disease awareness among otolaryngologists is of utmost importance. This review synthesizes the body of literature pertaining to PTLD involving the head and neck, summarizes contemporary management, and highlights areas for future research...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522090/hearing-loss-mediates-executive-function-impairment-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#2
Catherine M Hill, Romola S Bucks, Colin R Kennedy, Dawn Harrison, Annette Carroll, Nicolas Upton, Alexandra M Hogan
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is often co-morbid with conductive hearing loss in early childhood due to a shared aetiology of adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Hearing loss is independently associated with impairment of executive function and behavioural difficulties. We hypothesised that these impairments in children with SDB may be mediated through hearing loss. METHODS: Fifty-eight children including 37 snorers awaiting adenotonsillectomy and 21 healthy non-snoring controls, aged 3-5 years, were assessed with pure tone audiometry, Strengths and Difficulties (SDQ), Behaviour Rating of Executive Function (BRIEF-P), and Childhood Middle Ear Disease and Hearing questionnaires...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514706/evaluation-of-behavioral-change-after-adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Emi Murata, Ikuko Mohri, Kumi Kato-Nishimura, Jiro Iimura, Makoto Ogawa, Masaya Tachibana, Yuko Ohno, Masako Taniike
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may affect daily cognitive functioning in children. The aims of our study were two-fold. The first aim was to detect, using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), whether adenotonsillectomy (AT) for the treatment of OSA improved the behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second aim was to identify characteristics for behavioral improvement following the treatment of OSA in these children with ASD. METHODS: The behaviors of ASD children aged 5-14 years diagnosed as having OSA (n=30) were evaluated using CBCL before and after AT...
May 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509697/repair-of-oropharyngeal-stenosis-with-bilateral-buccal-myomucosal-flaps
#4
Robert J Mann, Andrew L O'Brien, Nicholas S Adams, John A Girotto, John W Polley
Oropharyngeal stenosis (OPS) is a rare postoperative complication of adenotonsillectomy that can be a source of considerable patient distress and morbidity. Circumferential scarring of the soft palate and tonsillar pillars leads to narrowing of the oropharyngeal aperture. This case report describes the novel use of bilateral buccal myomucosal flaps for the repair of postoperative OPS in a 20-year-old woman presenting with dysphagia, odynophagia, dyspnea, and intermittent hypernasal speech. Postoperatively, the patient noted immediate improvement of her symptoms...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502286/do-obese-children-require-inpatient-monitoring-after-adenotonsillectomy
#5
Narong Simakajornboon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494056/comparison-of-automated-posttonsillectomy-bleed-capture-with-self-report
#6
D Ryan Phillips, Susan E Ellsperman, Bruce H Matt, Ben L Zarzaur
Importance: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common procedures performed by otolaryngologists and is associated with postoperative bleeding. Bleed rates are usually monitored by self-report. Objective: To evaluate whether using automated capture and reporting of pediatric posttonsillectomy bleeding is feasible and accurate compared with traditional self-reporting by the surgical team. Design, Setting, and Participants: An automated complication-reporting algorithm was designed to query the local health information exchange and then tested against self-reported tonsillectomy complication data collected from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2015, at a tertiary pediatric hospital...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485249/the-efficacy-of-adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#7
Javan Nation, Matthew Brigger
Objective Determine the efficacy of adenotonsillectomy in children with Down syndrome. Data Sources Databases included PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar. The search was inclusive of all references available through January 5, 2017. Review Methods A systematic review of the medical literature addressing adenotonsillectomy in treating obstructive sleep apnea in children with Down syndrome was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Data were pooled using a random-effects model where possible...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485064/revisits-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-retrospective-single-institution-study
#8
I-Sheng Chang, Kun-Tai Kang, Chia-Chen Tseng, Wen-Chin Weng, Tzu-Yu Hsiao, Pei-Lin Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu
OBJECTIVE: To investigated emergency room (ER) revisits and hospital readmissions following adenotonsillectomy (T&A) in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and correlations between SDB severity and ER revisits. DESIGN: Retrospective chart-review study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANT: 610 consecutive children underwent T&A for treating SDB. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SDB severity was defined according to the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) (primary snoring = AHI < 1; mild = AHI 1-5; moderate = AHI 5-10; and severe = AHI > 10)...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476166/predictors-of-failure-of-dise-directed-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#9
Noura Alsufyani, Andre Isaac, Manisha Witmans, Paul Major, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the most commonly performed procedure for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pediatrics. However, 20-40% of patients will have persistent signs and symptoms of SDB after AT. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has the potential to individualize surgical treatments and avoid unnecessary or unsuccessful surgeries. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of failure of DISE-directed adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy in otherwise healthy children with SDB...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474375/angiopoietin-2-and-soluble-tie-2-receptor-plasma-levels-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-obesity
#10
David Gozal, Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Zhuanghong Qiao, Dale L Smith, Mona F Philby, Dorit Koren, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent condition, especially in children with obesity, and is associated with increased risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS). Angiopoietins have been identified as potential biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and MetS. In adults, angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and its soluble receptor (sTie-2) are associated with diabetes, hypertension, and obesity and could be increased in children with OSA and obesity, particularly those with evidence of cardiometabolic alterations...
May 5, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454600/sleep-and-breathing-the-first-night-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-obese-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Aliva De, Temima Waltuch, Nathan J Gonik, Ngoc Nguyen-Famulare, Hiren Muzumdar, John P Bent, Carmen R Isasi, Sanghun Sin, Raanan Arens
STUDY OBJECTIVES: There are few studies measuring postoperative respiratory complications in obese children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) undergoing adenotonsillectomy (AT). These complications are further compounded by perioperative medications. Our objective was to study obese children with OSA for their respiratory characteristics and sleep architecture on the night of AT. METHODS: This was a prospective study at a tertiary pediatric hospital between January 2009-February 2012...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439197/clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-children-evaluated-with-polysomnography-in-pediatric-sleep-laboratory
#12
Hatice Ezgi Barış, Yasemin Gökdemir, Ela Erdem Eralp, Nilay Baş İkizoğlu, Fazilet Karakoç, Bülent Karadağ, Refika Ersu
AIM: Sleep disordered breathing is a common problem in childhood that encompasses a spectrum of disorders extending from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea. This study aims to investigate the results of children undergoing evaluation with polysomnography in the sleep laboratory of a tertiary care hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Demographic and clinical features as well as sleep associated symptoms, scores of pediatric sleep questionnaire and Pittsburgh sleep quality index and polysomnography results are retrospectively evaluated...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432613/pediatric-tonsillectomy-is-a-resource-intensive-procedure-a-study-of-canadian-health-administrative-data
#13
Kimmo T T Murto, Sherri L Katz, Daniel I McIsaac, Matthew A Bromwich, Régis Vaillancourt, Carl van Walraven
BACKGROUND: The majority of pediatric surgeries are performed in a day surgery setting. The rate of adverse postoperative outcomes and the factors that influence them are poorly described in the Canadian setting. Concerns about the safety of adenotonsillectomy (AT) have been raised. The objective of this Ontario-based study was to determine the rates and risks of hospital readmission, emergency department (ED) visits, or deaths within 30 days following common pediatric surgeries, with an emphasis on AT...
April 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429620/physician-perspectives-on-decision-making-for-treatment-of-pediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing
#14
Emily F Boss, Anne R Links, Ron Saxton, Tina L Cheng, Mary Catherine Beach
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is prevalent in children and most commonly treated by surgery with adenotonsillectomy. We aimed to learn physician perspectives of social and communication factors that influence decision making for treatment of pediatric SDB. Purposive sampling identified 10 physician key informants across disciplines and practice settings, who participated in semistructured interviews regarding SDB care experiences and communication with parents. Interviews were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427039/low-dose-growth-hormone-treatment-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-prader-willi-syndrome-is-comparable-to-higher-dosage-regimens
#15
Elly Scheermeyer, Mark Harris, Ian Hughes, Patricia A Crock, Geoffrey Ambler, Charles F Verge, Phil Bergman, George Werther, Maria E Craig, Catherine S Choong, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate benefit and risk of low dose growth hormone treatment (GHT, 4.5mg/m(2)/week) in very young children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal clinical intervention. METHODS: We evaluated 31 infants (aged 2-12months) and 42 toddlers (13-24months) from the PWS-OZGROW database for height, weight and BMI using the World Health Organization standard deviation scores (SDSWHO) and PWS specific BMI (SDSPWS), bone age, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) levels and adverse events over 3years of GHT...
March 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418014/the-relationship-between-allergic-status-and-adenotonsillar-regrowth-a-retrospective-research-on-children-after-adenotonsillectomy
#16
Zirong Huo, Jun Shi, Yilai Shu, Mingliang Xiang, Jingrong Lu, Hao Wu
Adenotonsillar regrowth in children after adenotonsillectomy (T&A) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is often seen in clinical treatment, however, the relationship between allergic disease and adenotonsillar regrowth remains unclear. In this retrospective study, children were assigned to either the recurrence or control group, and subdivided by age at operation. Among children over 36 months, those in the recurrence group had more allergic disease and higher IgE, IL-4, and IL-5 levels than the same-aged children in control group...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399695/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#17
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ramez Reda, Ahmed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are liable to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to many anatomical airway abnormalities. The tonsils and adenoid occupy part of the airway space, and their removal may be helpful in relieving airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of OSA in those children. METHODS: Fifty DS children with difficult breathing were recruited, and they were subjected to polysomnographic examination (PSG)...
April 11, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397574/very-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-outcomes-of-adenotonsillectomy-and-risk-factors-for-persistence
#18
Amal Isaiah, Hisham Hamdan, Romaine F Johnson, Kamal Naqvi, Ron B Mitchell
Objectives (1) To describe the clinical, demographic and polysomnographic (PSG) characteristics of children with very severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without significant comorbidities; (2) to assess the outcomes following tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A); and (3) to determine predictors of persistence of OSA after T&A. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary-level freestanding children's hospital. Subjects and Methods Seventy-four children aged 2 to 12 years who underwent T&A for very severe OSA (obstructive apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] >30) were included...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390609/peri-operative-management-of-high-risk-paediatric-adenotonsillectomy-patients-a-survey-of-35-uk-tertiary-referral-centres
#19
Ryan Chin Taw Cheong, Philippe Bowles, Andrew Moore, Simon Watts
INTRODUCTION: Peri-operative management of high-risk paediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea varies between tertiary referral hospitals. 'Day of surgery cancellation' (DoSC) rates of up to 11% have been reported due to pre-booked critical care being unavailable on the day of surgery as a result of competing needs from other hospital departments. We report the results of a survey of peri-operative management in UK tertiary care centres of high-risk paediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA)...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379334/impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-dentofacial-development-of-obstructed-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Bibi E Becking, Jop P Verweij, Sonja M Kalf-Scholte, Cees Valkenburg, Eric W P Bakker, J P Richard van Merkesteyn
Background: Dentofacial deformities frequently require orthodontic treatment. Understanding of preventable risk factors is essential for reducing treatment need. Upper airway obstruction (for example due to hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils) has been hypothesized to be a risk factor. Objectives: This systematic review aimed to reflect the contemporary evidence on the risk of obstruction by hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils, by assessing the dentofacial changes after adeno- and/or tonsillectomy...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
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