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adenotonsillectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641899/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-craniofacial-microsomia-analysis-of-755-patients
#1
C J J M Caron, B I Pluijmers, B D P J Maas, Y P Klazen, E S Katz, F Abel, M P van der Schroeff, I M J Mathijssen, D J Dunaway, C Mills, D S Gill, N Bulstrode, B L Padwa, E B Wolvius, K F M Joosten, M J Koudstaal
A retrospective cohort study was set up to analyse the prevalence and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in relation to the severity of the deformity in patients with craniofacial microsomia (CFM). This study included a population of 755 patients with CFM from three craniofacial centres. Medical charts were reviewed for severity of the deformity, types of breathing difficulty, age at which breathing difficulty first presented, treatment for OSA, and treatment outcome. In total, 133 patients (17.6%) were diagnosed with OSA...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636738/impact-of-a-pediatric-anesthesiologist-on-operating-room-efficiency-during-pediatric-tonsillectomies-and-adenotonsillectomies
#2
Nicholas A Dewyer, Yoseph A Kram, Stephen Long, Marika D Russell
We conducted a retrospective case review to determine if the presence of an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) fellowship-trained pediatric anesthesiologist improves efficiency during pediatric tonsillectomies and adenotonsillectomies in hospitals that do not have dedicated pediatric operating rooms and, if so, to determine which specific anesthesia practices might account for such a difference. We reviewed the charts of all patients aged 12 years and younger who had undergone a tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy from Jan...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635219/-olfactory-function-in-children-with-adenoid-hypertrophy-who-underwent-adenotonsillectomy-during-pre-and-post-operative-period
#3
H G Pan, H Yang, G W Chen, L Li, Z B Wu, J M Wang
Objective: To assess the olfactory function in children with adenoid hypertrophy and investigate the changes of both olfactory function and appetite in children with adenoid hypertrophy before and after adenoidectomy. Methods: Forty-four children with adenoid hypertrophy admitted for adenoidectomy, aged 7-12 years, mean age (10.0±2.0) years were tested by Sniffin' Sticks test and visual analog scale(VAS) of the children's appetite preoperatively between March and August 2015.In a appointment 6 months after operation, all of them returned and were tested again...
June 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632506/adenotonsillectomy-for-the-management-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-a-patient-with-complex-congenital-heart-disease-a-case-report
#4
Adam C Adler, Yuan-Jiun Nicole Chao
Pulmonary hypertension is a feared complication in congenital heart disease patients. Patients with pulmonary hypertension are at risk for major perioperative cardiopulmonary complications when undergoing any surgical procedure, especially airway and laparoscopic procedures. We present the anesthetic management for a 2-year old with Down syndrome and complex cyanotic congenital heart disease undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy for severe obstructive sleep apnea.
June 19, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608417/otolaryngology-practice-patterns-in-pediatric-tonsillectomy-the-impact-of-the-codeine-boxed-warning
#5
Julie L Goldman, Craig Ziegler, Elizabeth M Burckardt
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine if otolaryngologists at a single children's hospital were adherent to the boxed warning for codeine use in post-tonsillectomy patients and the implications for practice patterns. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. METHODS: Charts from all patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy at a single children's hospital from January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2015 were analyzed and stratified according to date (pre- or post-boxed warning) and practitioner type (academic otolaryngologists [AO] vs...
June 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598766/tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-2013-2015-indications-surgical-methods-and-patient-reported-outcomes-from-the-national-tonsil-surgery-register
#6
Niclas Hallenstål, Ola Sunnergren, Elisabeth Ericsson, Claes Hemlin, Anne-Charlotte Hessén Söderman, Pia Nerfeldt, Erik Odhagen, Marie Ryding, Joacim Stalfors
AIM: To describes how tonsil surgery was performed in Sweden from 2013 to 2015 with data from the National Tonsil Surgery Registry in Sweden (NTSRS). METHOD: The registry collects data from both professionals and patients through questionnaires. A total of 33,870 tonsil surgeries were analysed, comprising approximately 80% of all tonsil surgeries in Sweden from 2013 to 2015. RESULTS: The two most common procedures were tonsillectomy (41%) and tonsillotomy with adenoidectomy (38%)...
June 9, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590395/relation-between-the-type-of-hospitals-and-the-decision-of-adenotonsillectomy-indication
#7
Murat Kocyigit, Safiye G Ortekin, Taliye Cakabay, Selin Ustun Bezgin, Bilge Serin Keskinege
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to apply tonsillectomy criteria, symptoms and outcomes proposed in earlier studies to investigate patients who were given tonsillectomy indications at different clinical centers but were treated in our clinical center. METHODS: The prospective sample of patients at the ear, nose, and throat clinic within our hospital consisted of 855 male patients and 684 female patients (1539 in total) with ages between 3 and 16 years old who had been given a tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy indication...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587180/effect-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treatment-on-lipids-in-obese-children
#8
Zarlasht Amini, Suresh Kotagal, Christine Lohse, Robin Lloyd, Swetha Sriram, Seema Kumar
Obesity in children is associated with several co-morbidities including dyslipidemia. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is commonly seen in obese children. In adults, diagnosis of OSA independent of obesity is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors including dyslipidemia. There is limited data on the impact of treatment of OSA on lipids in children. The objective of the study was to examine the impact of treatment of OSA on lipids in 24 obese children. Methods: Seventeen children were treated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and five underwent adenotonsillectomy...
June 1, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585127/neuropsychological-functioning-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#9
Ying Yu, Yu-Xue Chen, Lu Liu, Zhi-Yuan Yu, Xiang Luo
The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of adenotonsillectomy (AT) for children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and the improvement of their cognitive function. Studies on cognitive performance of OSAS children treated with or without AT were identified by searching the Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane library. A meta-analysis was conducted to analyze the literature. The random-effects model was used to evaluate 11 eligible studies using an inverse- variance method. The neuropsychological test results of 4 cognitive domains (general intelligence, memory, attention-executive function and verbal ability) were obtained and analyzed...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583490/polysomnography-results-versus-clinical-factors-to-predict-post-operative-respiratory-complications-following-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#10
John S Saur, Scott E Brietzke
OBJECTIVE: Systematically review the published literature comparing the presence of clinical features (age, BMI, co-morbidities, etc.) versus polysomnogram (PSG) results in the prediction of major post-operative respiratory complications following pediatric adenotonsillectomy (T/A) for the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: A systematic review of the PUBMED and EMBASE databases was performed to identify studies containing both clinical and PSG data predicting major post-operative respiratory complications following T/A...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#11
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576540/refractory-sleep-apnea-caused-by-tubal-tonsillar-hypertrophy
#12
Seok Chan Hong, Hyun Jin Min, Kyung Soo Kim
Snoring/sleep apnea are usual symptoms of adenotonsillar hypertrophy, and adenotonsillectomy is usually recommended. In rare cases, symptoms remain after surgery, and tubal tonsil hypertrophy could be the cause. We experienced a pediatric patient whose symptoms were refratory snoring/sleep apnea although he previously underwent three times of adenotonsillectomy. We diagnosed tubal tonsil hypertrophy which was the cause of refractory symptoms, and decided to perform volume reduction with radiofrequency ablation...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576519/pediatric-post-tonsillectomy-hemorrhage-in-the-setting-of-post-transplantation-immunosuppression
#13
Lourdes Quintanilla-Dieck, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Christopher Wootten, Steven L Goudy, Frank W Virgin
INTRODUCTION: Long-term immunosuppressants form an integral part of therapy for post-transplantation patients. Immunosuppressants may also have an anticoagulant effect, and little is known about their effects on bleeding risk after adenotonsillectomy. Our objective was to investigate whether there is an increased observed rate of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage in a population of pediatric patients on long-term immunosuppressants after solid organ transplantation, compared to healthy controls...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576518/refractory-sleep-disordered-breathing-due-to-unilateral-lingual-tonsillar-hypertrophy-in-a-child-with-proteus-syndrome
#14
Courtni R Salinas, Brian A Nuyen, Aria Jafari, Javan Nation
Proteus Syndrome (PS) is a rare congenital overgrowth disease affecting bones, skin, adipose and the central nervous system. The result is asymmetric, disfiguring hypertrophy which can manifest as craniofacial dysmorphia and aerodigestive tract abnormalities. We report the case of obstructive lingual tonsillar hypertrophy resulting in residual sleep disordered breathing after adenotonsillectomy in a child with PS, a previously unrecognized manifestation of the disease. Endoscopic treatment with coblation effectively and safely treated the obstructive symptoms...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576514/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-tonsillar-volume-in-children
#15
Panagiotis Asimakopoulos, David J L Pennell, Constantinos Mamais, Derek Veitch, Samuel Stafrace, Thomas Engelhardt
OBJECTIVES: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy in children is the most common anatomical abnormality associated with obstructive sleep apnoea. Perioperative complications associated with adenotonsillectomy are more common in children with severe obstructive sleep apnoea. An objective preoperative method to determine the size of tonsils is missing. This study assessed the validity of ultrasound as a tool for measuring tonsillar size in children. METHODS: Single-institution prospective study of twenty-six children aged 2-6 years who underwent elective bilateral tonsillectomy...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535837/choroidal-thickness-evaluation-in-paediatric-patients-with-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#16
A Yenigun, A Elbay, A M Hafiz, O Ozturan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate choroidal thickness using enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography in paediatric patients with adenotonsillar hypertrophy, with comparison to healthy children, three months after adenotonsillectomy. METHODS: The patients were assigned to three groups: an adenotonsillar hypertrophy group, an adenotonsillectomy group and a healthy control group. In all groups, subfoveal, temporal and nasal choroidal thickness measurements were taken...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535360/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-otolaryngological-manifestations-and-management
#17
Richard Heyes, Donald W Northfelt, David G Lott
Objective Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a unifying term for a spectrum of lymphoid expansion entities brought about by immunosuppression and is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Otolaryngological findings tend to present early in the clinical course; therefore, disease awareness among otolaryngologists is of utmost importance. This review synthesizes the body of literature pertaining to PTLD involving the head and neck, summarizes contemporary management, and highlights areas for future research...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522090/hearing-loss-mediates-executive-function-impairment-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#18
Catherine M Hill, Romola S Bucks, Colin R Kennedy, Dawn Harrison, Annette Carroll, Nicolas Upton, Alexandra M Hogan
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is often co-morbid with conductive hearing loss in early childhood due to a shared aetiology of adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Hearing loss is independently associated with impairment of executive function and behavioural difficulties. We hypothesised that these impairments in children with SDB may be mediated through hearing loss. METHODS: Fifty-eight children including 37 snorers awaiting adenotonsillectomy and 21 healthy non-snoring controls, aged 3-5 years, were assessed with pure tone audiometry, Strengths and Difficulties (SDQ), Behaviour Rating of Executive Function (BRIEF-P), and Childhood Middle Ear Disease and Hearing questionnaires...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514706/evaluation-of-behavioral-change-after-adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Emi Murata, Ikuko Mohri, Kumi Kato-Nishimura, Jiro Iimura, Makoto Ogawa, Masaya Tachibana, Yuko Ohno, Masako Taniike
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may affect daily cognitive functioning in children. The aims of our study were two-fold. The first aim was to detect, using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), whether adenotonsillectomy (AT) for the treatment of OSA improved the behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second aim was to identify characteristics for behavioral improvement following the treatment of OSA in these children with ASD. METHODS: The behaviors of ASD children aged 5-14 years diagnosed as having OSA (n=30) were evaluated using CBCL before and after AT...
June 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509697/repair-of-oropharyngeal-stenosis-with-bilateral-buccal-myomucosal-flaps
#20
Robert J Mann, Andrew L O'Brien, Nicholas S Adams, John A Girotto, John W Polley
Oropharyngeal stenosis (OPS) is a rare postoperative complication of adenotonsillectomy that can be a source of considerable patient distress and morbidity. Circumferential scarring of the soft palate and tonsillar pillars leads to narrowing of the oropharyngeal aperture. This case report describes the novel use of bilateral buccal myomucosal flaps for the repair of postoperative OPS in a 20-year-old woman presenting with dysphagia, odynophagia, dyspnea, and intermittent hypernasal speech. Postoperatively, the patient noted immediate improvement of her symptoms...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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