keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adenotonsillectomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930764/decision-making-quality-in-parents-considering-adenotonsillectomy-or-tympanostomy-tube-insertion-for-their-children
#1
Paul Hong, Erin Maguire, Mary Purcell, Krista C Ritchie, Jill Chorney
Importance: Shared decision making is a process in which clinicians and patients make health care decisions in a collaborative manner using the most up-to-date evidence, while considering patient values and preferences. Shared decision making is thought to have a positive influence on the decision-making process in medicine. Objective: To describe the level of decisional conflict and decisional regret experienced by parents considering surgery for their children and to determine relations among decisional conflict, decisional regret, and shared decision making...
December 8, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917446/adenotonsillectomy-outcomes-regarding-bone-age-and-osteocalcin-in-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-in-children
#2
Qing-Biao Zhang, Yin-Feng Li, Ming-Xiu Li, Ling-Yu Kong, Liang-Fu Jiang, Hui-Wei Feng, Xian-Liang Fan
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of adenotonsillectomy (AT) on bone development, quality of life and polysomnography evaluation in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative (6 months) physical examination, PSG, bone age (BA) and osteocalcin (OC) evaluation were performed on the selected OSA children (n=92) and the healthy children (n=87). The OSA children were also scored based on the OSA 18-item questionnaire...
December 5, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908527/-historical-review-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#3
Y H Chien, C Guilleminault
An historical review on the discoveries on pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and sleep-disordered breathing is outlined. Starting with the description by Dickens of "Joe" the obese, snoring and sleepy individual, the authors trace more than 50 years of questions and research starting with the lean adult to the child and from the recognition of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to the outline of upper-airway resistance syndrome. The pathophysiological knowledge on sleep-disordered breathing has evolved over time, as have treatment approaches in children, from tracheostomy to positive-airway-pressure therapy, to adenotonsillectomy with and without orthodontic treatments to oral-facial myofunctional therapy...
November 28, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876406/adenotonsillectomy-can-decrease-enuresis-and-sympathetic-nervous-activity-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#4
Hao Ding, Mengmei Wang, Ke Hu, Jing Kang, Si Tang, Wen Lu, Lifang Xu
BACKGROUND: The nocturnal intermittent hypoxia caused by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can provoke the sympathetic nervous activity (SNA). Salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) is a sensitive, non-invasive biomarker for reflecting the SNA, and a useful marker for pediatric OSAS subjects. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) is the most commonly identified risk factor in OSAS childhood, therefore, several studies showed that the adenotonsillectomy (T&A) may alleviate nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with OSAS...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864888/ebv-infection-is-prevalent-in-the-adenoid-and-palatine-tonsils-in-adults
#5
Noriko Seishima, Satoru Kondo, Naohiro Wakisaka, Eiji Kobayashi, Tomoko Imoto, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Yosuke Nakanishi, Kazuhira Endo, Shigeyuki Murono, Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Takayoshi Ueno, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases in both adults and children. However, there have been no reports on the prevalence and amount of EBV in the adenoids of adults; thus, it is important to investigate these in the adenoids and tonsils of adults and children. In this study, 67 patients who underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy were included and divided into two groups: adults aged ≥ 16 years (n = 35) and children aged <16 years (n = 32). Patients' adenoid and tonsil tissues were analyzed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction for EBV DNA...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863643/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-pediatric-lingual-tonsillectomy
#6
M A DeMarcantonio, E Senser, J Meinzen-Derr, N Roetting, S Shott, S L Ishman
OBJECTIVE: Lingual tonsillar hypertrophy is recognized as a cause of persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy in children. However, little has been reported regarding the complications, postoperative course and effectiveness of lingual tonsillectomy (LT). Our objective was to review the safety and effectiveness of LT in children. METHODS: Retrospective review of children undergoing LT from January 2009 to December 2015 at a tertiary children's hospital...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863640/assessment-of-adenotonsillar-size-and-caregiver-reported-sleep-symptoms-among-3-6-year-old-children-undergoing-adenotonsillectomy
#7
Onur Balaban, Hina Walia, Dmitry Tumin, Kris R Jatana, Vidya Raman, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillectomy remains the accepted first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children. Tonsillar size may be especially relevant in risk stratification as it may impact symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). This study assesses correlations among subjective tonsillar grading, measured tonsillar size, and degree of adenoid obstruction in patients age 3-6 years with caregiver-reported symptoms. METHODS: Children 3-6 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy for OSAS were enrolled prospectively...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863621/impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-quality-of-life-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#8
Mohd Nazir Othman, Goh Bee See, Hasniah Abdul Latif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843269/pediatric-adenotonsillectomy-in-a-low-resource-setting-lessons-and-implications
#9
Sanyaolu Alani Ameye, Afolabi Muyiwa Owojuyigbe, Adekunle Adeyemo, Anthony T Adenekan, Sylvia Ouche
OBJECTIVES: To examine the practices related paediatric adenotonsillectomy in our setting especially in relation to blood request and transfusion, routine investigations, post-operative analgesic practice and complications. METHODS: We reviewed the record of paediatric patients who had adenotonsillectomy in our facility over a 5-year period to obtain relevant information to our study. RESULTS: There were 33 males and 19 females with mean age of 3...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842790/otolaryngology-concerns-for-illicit-and-prescription-drug-use
#10
REVIEW
Nathan J Gonik, Martin H Bluth
Concern for illicit and restricted drug use in otolaryngology is similar to other surgical specialties with a few notable exceptions. Many illicit drugs are consumed transnasally. Repeated nasal exposure to stimulants or narcotics can cause local tissue destruction that can present as chronic rhinosinusitis or nasoseptal perforation. Further, the Food and Drug Administration has taken a stance against codeine for pediatric patients undergoing adenotonsillectomy. They have identified an increased risk of death postoperatively with these medications...
December 2016: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832562/accuracy-of-dispersing-tramadol-capsules-for-oral-administration-in-young-children
#11
M Kluger, S Penrose, A R Bjorksten, G Chalkiadis
Tramadol is used in children aged <12 years for analgesia, particularly for those at risk of obstructive sleep apnoea undergoing adenotonsillectomy. The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration have strongly recommended that oral tramadol drops (100 mg/ml) not be used in children <12 years because of the risk of inadvertent overdose. The total mass of drug in a 10 ml bottle is 1000 mg. The only alternative preparation available is a 50 mg capsule that requires dispersion of a capsule's contents should smaller doses be required...
November 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830579/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-achondroplasia
#12
REVIEW
Marco Zaffanello, Gaetano Cantalupo, Giorgio Piacentini, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti, Paolo Cavarzere, Diego Alberto Ramaroli, Aliza Mittal, Franco Antoniazzi
BACKGROUND: Children with achondroplasia often have breathing problems, especially during sleep. The most important treatments are adenotonsillectomy (for treating upper obstruction) and/or neurosurgery (for resolving cervicomedullar junction stenosis). DATA SOURCES: We reviewed the scientific literature on polysomnographic investigations which assessed the severity of respiratory disorders during sleep. RESULTS: Recent findings have highlighted the importance of clinical investigations in patients with achondroplasia, differentiating between those that look for neurological patterns and those that look for respiratory problems during sleep...
November 3, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823724/central-apneas-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-prevalence-and-effect-of-upper-airway-surgery
#13
An Boudewyns, Paul Van de Heyning, Stijn Verhulst
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of central sleep apneas syndrome (CSAS) in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and the effect of adenotonsillectomy (A)TE on CSAS. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of polysomnographic data in children diagnosed with OSAS and without comorbidity. A central apnea index (CAI) ≥1/h is considered abnormal and central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is diagnosed at a CAI >5/h. Data are presented as median (25-75 percentile)...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811072/adenotonsillectomy-for-childhood-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-reduces-thoraco-abdominal-asynchrony-but-spontaneous-apnoea-hypopnoea-index-normalisation-does-not
#14
Xiao Liu, Sarah Immanuel, Yvonne Pamula, Declan Kennedy, James Martin, Mathias Baumert
The efficacy of adenotonsillectomy for treating obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in children has been established, but its precise effects on inspiratory effort are not well documented.In 353 children enrolled in the Childhood Adenotonsillectomy Trial, randomised to undergo either early adenotonsillectomy (n=182) or a strategy of watchful waiting with supportive care (WWSC) (n=171), thoraco-abdominal asynchrony (TAA) was analysed during quiet, non-apnoeic and non-hypopnoeic breathing during sleep at baseline and at 7 months using overnight polysomnography...
November 3, 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810188/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-surgically-naive-children-with-down-syndrome-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Mieke Maris, Stijn Verhulst, Vera Saldien, Paul Van de Heyning, Marek Wojciechowski, An Boudewyns
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of upper airway (UA) obstruction in surgically naive children with Down syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and to evaluate the outcome of drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE)-directed treatment. METHODS: A prospective study of DISE in surgically naive children with Down syndrome and OSA was performed. Treatment was individually tailored based on the DISE findings and was evaluated by control polysomnography (PGS). Results are presented as median (lower-upper quartile) unless otherwise stated...
August 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810015/pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
REVIEW
Zarmina Ehsan, Stacey L Ishman
Screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with in-laboratory polysomnography is recommended for children with sleep disordered breathing. Adenotonsillectomy is the first-line therapy for pediatric OSA, although intranasal steroids and montelukast can be considered for those with mild OSA and continuous positive airway pressure for those with moderate to severe OSA awaiting surgery, poor surgical candidates or persistent OSA. Bony or soft tissue upper airway surgery is reasonable for children failing medical management or those with persistent OSA following adenotonsillectomy...
December 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809897/decision-aid-prototype-development-for-parents-considering-adenotonsillectomy-for-their-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#17
Erin Maguire, Paul Hong, Krista Ritchie, Jeremy Meier, Karen Archibald, Jill Chorney
BACKGROUND: To describe the process involved in developing a decision aid prototype for parents considering adenotonsillectomy for their children with sleep disordered breathing. METHODS: A paper-based decision aid prototype was developed using the framework proposed by the International Patient Decision Aids Standards Collaborative. The decision aid focused on two main treatment options: watchful waiting and adenotonsillectomy. Usability was assessed with parents of pediatric patients and providers with qualitative content analysis of semi-structured interviews, which included open-ended user feedback...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796040/rapid-maxillary-expansion-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Macario Camacho, Edward T Chang, Sungjin A Song, Jose Abdullatif, Soroush Zaghi, Paola Pirelli, Victor Certal, Christian Guilleminault
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis for sleep study outcomes in children who have undergone rapid maxillary expansion (RME) as treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). DATA SOURCES: PubMed/MEDLINE and eight additional databases. REVIEW METHODS: Three authors independently and systematically reviewed the international literature through February 21, 2016. RESULTS: Seventeen studies reported outcomes for 314 children (7...
October 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786148/cardiopulmonary-functions-and-adenotonsillectomy-surgical-indications-need-revision
#19
M Mahajan, J S Thakur, R K Azad, N K Mohindroo, P C Negi
OBJECTIVE: To assess cardiac functions in adenotonsillar or tonsillar hypertrophy. METHODS: A prospective, interventional, academic centre based study was conducted on 25 children with adenotonsillar or tonsillar hypertrophy. All patients underwent pulsed 2-dimensional Doppler echocardiography, pulse oximetry and 12-lead electrocardiography. These assessments were repeated three months later to determine the impact of adenotonsillectomy. RESULTS: There were significant differences in mean arterial oxygen saturation, pulmonary flow acceleration time and mean pulmonary artery pressure post-operatively...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769628/-obesity-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#20
A Amaddeo, L de Sanctis, J Olmo Arroyo, J-P Giordanella, P-J Monteyrol, B Fauroux
Obesity, along with hypertrophy of the adenoids and the tonsils, represents one of the major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children. Obesity is associated with an increase in the prevalence and the severity of OSA and is a major factor in the persistence and aggravation of OSA over time. Neurocognitive dysfunction and abnormal behavior are the most important and frequent end-organ morbidities associated with OSA in children. Other deleterious consequences such as cardiovascular stress and metabolic syndrome are less common in children than in adults with OSA...
October 18, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
keyword
keyword
110899
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"