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Ultrasound swallowing

David Berger-Richardson, Carol J Swallow
To evaluate histologic subtype and grade, which in turn guide the decision making for multimodality therapy, the workup of suspected sarcoma requires more material than can be obtained from a fine-needle aspiration. Either open or percutaneous core needle biopsy is indicated before a management decision is made. Percutaneous biopsy of a potentially malignant lesion is controversial, given the perceived potential for tumor seeding along the needle tract. However, the evidence that the latter is a significant risk is weak at best...
November 2, 2016: Cancer
Takayoshi Watanabe, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Hideyuki Saito, Tomonori Yoshida, Yuji Kumakura, Hiroaki Honjyo, Takehiko Yokobori, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: Esophageal schwannomas are rare primary submucosal esophageal tumors. We herein report a case of an esophageal schwannoma that was difficult to diagnose. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old woman presented with chief complaints of difficulty swallowing and epigastric pain. Enhanced computed tomography of her chest revealed a tumor mass at the upper thoracic esophagus with internal heterogeneity. 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography showed a hypermetabolic appearance matching the tumor mass; the accumulation had a maximum standardized uptake value of 5...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Paweł Mądro, Alina Dąbrowska, Jarosław Jarecki, Piotr Garba
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy carries a significant risk of intraoperative brain ischaemia. Various methods for intraoperative cerebral function monitoring can be utilized, but the assessment of the patient's consciousness remains the easiest and most available method, requiring that the patient remain awake and under local/regional anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to compare infiltration anaesthesia with an ultrasound-guided superficial/combined cervical plexus block for patient safety and comfort...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
S L Huang, B Zhang, L S Chen, L Liang, X N Luo, Z M Lu, S Y Zhang
Objective: To report rare cases of congenital neck cutaneous sinus with an orifice near the sternoclavicular joint and to investigate their origins and managements. Methods: A total of ten patients with congenital neck cutaneous sinus having an orifice near the sternoclavicular joint treated in the Guangdong General Hospital from January 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There four boys and six girls, aging from 11 months to 96 months with an average of 33.4 months, and they had a common feature showing a congenital cutaneous sinus with an orifice near sternoclavicular joint...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Yuka Miura, Gojiro Nakagami, Koichi Yabunaka, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Hiroshi Noguchi, Taketoshi Mori, Hiromi Sanada
AIMS: Prevention of aspiration pneumonia is a great concern in the era of global aging. The assessment of pharyngeal post-swallow residue is important because remaining food and liquid in the pharyngeal area has a possibility of flowing into the lower airway which can cause aspiration pneumonia. Ultrasound examination has been recently used to assess swallowing disorders because of its noninvasiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance for detecting pharyngeal post-swallow residue using an ultrasound examination by comparing with those using a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of a swallowing study as a reference...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
Justin Holder, Daniel Zinn, Amiram Samin
Adult-onset hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a rare anomaly that can be idiopathic or related to underlying gastric pathology. We describe a case of a 25-year-old man with history of human immunodeficiency virus and osteoglophonic dysplasia who presented with pain and swelling at a gastrostomy site. Computed tomography and upper gastrointestinal barium swallow demonstrated gastric distention and stricture at the distal portion of the gastric antrum. An ultrasound detected HPS. The patient eventually required pyloromyotomy for treatment...
September 2, 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
A Ghai, T Kaushik, R Kumar, S Wadhera
We present a case of patient with orofacial cancer having pain on one side of face affecting her ability to speak, chew, swallow and sleep leading to emotional and behavioral deterioration. A diagnostic stellate ganglion block was performed followed by chemical neurolysis using phenol under ultrasound guidance, to prevent complications due to inadvertent spread of drug. Her pain scores decreased drastically, she was able to chew and swallow. Weighing the risk of permanent Horner's syndrome or motor paralysis with benefit of improvement in basic functioning of debilitated patients chemical neurolysis of stellate ganglion can be performed with advanced imaging modalities...
2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
H Shen, B B Wei, Z X Peng
OBJECTIVE: To study the pathological and clinical features and the surgical results of the mass in the pretracheal space. METHODS: From 1999 to 2004, 8 females and 3 males with an average of 43 years (from 32 to 61 years) were included CT scan, nuclear imaging, ultrasound and ultrasound-guided aspiration, endoscopic and laboratory measure were used in the evaluation for the masses before operation. Complete removal of mass was carried out in all patients under general anesthesia, and continuous negative pressure draining was routinely used...
June 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Yoshitaka Kaido, Akihiko Kikuchi, Rie Oyama, Tomonobu Kanasugi, Akimune Fukushima, Toru Sugiyama
Epignathus of a fetus is an extremely rare type of an oropharyngeal teratoma that commonly arises from the palate and often grows in the prenatal period, leading to polyhydramnios due to difficulty in swallowing before birth and a high mortality due to the airway obstruction after birth. We report here a very rare case of a fetus with an epignathus decreasing in size naturally in the prenatal period with a favorable prognosis. In contrast to previously reported cases of epignathus that grew rapidly in the prenatal period, color Doppler fetal ultrasound showed a hypovascular tumor in our case...
January 2013: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Maggie-Lee Huckabee, Phoebe Macrae, Kristin Lamvik
Diagnostic assessment of swallowing in routine clinical practice relies heavily on the long-standing techniques of videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and videoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing (VEES). These complementary and sophisticated techniques provide a real-time visualization of biomechanical movements of the structures involved in swallowing and consequent effects on bolus flow. Despite the sophistication of this instrumentation, interpretation relies heavily on subjective clinical judgement and temporal resolution is limited, limitations that may influence patient management...
2015: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Rongbei Liu, Hua Chu, Fei Xu, Shujie Chen
A 48-year-old female who presented with a history of dysphagia for 5 months and regurgitation for 1 week was referred to the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital (Hangzhou, China) for further evaluation, since the gastroscopy and endoscopic ultrasound performed in local hospitals did not reveal the presence of cancer. High-resolution manometry (HRM) of the esophagus was performed to determine the patient's condition, and revealed an abnormal high-pressure zone that was located 33 cm from the incisor and did not relax upon swallowing...
May 2016: Oncology Letters
Weipeng Huang, Qingfeng Zhang, Cuiping She
A 56 years old female was admitted to our department with complaint of a painless cervical mass. Clinical feature:there was a painless mass above left lobe of thyroid gland, which was about 3.0 cm x 2.5 cm in size, and could move with swallowing action. B-mode ultrasound features: there was a solid mass in left lobe of thyroid gland, which was about 3.2 cm. Nodule was found in isthmus, accompanied with lymphadenovarix on the left neck possibly be MCA. fT3: 4.64 pmol/L, fT4:16.56 pmol/L,TSH:3.74 mIU/L, anti-TG:17...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Anna Ansaloni, G Brigante, B Madeo
Background. Ultrasound (US) is the most accurate tool in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules if performed by expert physician. Misdiagnosis due to extrathyroidal lesions mimicking thyroid nodules is reported in literature. We describe the first case of an esophageal fibrovascular polyp misdiagnosed as a thyroid nodule on US examination. Patient Findings. A 54-year-old woman presented to emergency department for headache and underwent carotid Doppler extended to neck ultrasound with incidental finding of a nodule in the posterior side of the left thyroid lobe...
2016: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Katrina M Blyth, Patricia Mccabe, Catherine Madill, Kirrie J Ballard
UNLABELLED: Disordered speech is common following treatment for tongue cancer, however there is insufficient high quality evidence to guide clinical decision making about treatment. This study investigated use of ultrasound tongue imaging as a visual feedback tool to guide tongue placement during articulation therapy with two participants following partial glossectomy. A Phase I multiple baseline design across behaviors was used to investigate therapeutic effect of ultrasound visual feedback during speech rehabilitation...
May 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
Anna Maria Cannon, Vanessa Susanna Sakalidis, Ching Tat Lai, Sharon Lisa Perrella, Donna Tracy Geddes
BACKGROUND: The importance of an infant's intra-oral vacuum in milk removal from the breast has been established. However, the relationship between the vacuum curve and milk transfer is not well understood. AIMS: To investigate the parameters of the infant suck cycle in relation to the volume of milk removed from the breast. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study to elucidate the role of infant intra-oral vacuum in efficient milk removal from the breast...
May 2016: Early Human Development
Tae Ho Kim, Nirali Patel, Melissa Ledgerwood-Lee, Ravinder K Mittal
Absence of peristalsis and impaired relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter are the hallmarks of achalasia esophagus. Based on the pressurization patterns, achalasia has been subdivided into three subtypes. The goal of our study was to evaluate the esophageal contraction pattern and bolus clearance in type 3 achalasia esophagus. High-resolution manometry (HRM) recordings of all patients diagnosed with achalasia esophagus in our center between the years 2011 and 2013 were reviewed. Recordings of 36 patients with type 3 achalasia were analyzed for the characteristics of swallow-induced "simultaneous esophageal contraction...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Katherine Jones, Robert D S Pitceathly, Michael R Rose, Susan McGowan, Marguerite Hill, Umesh A Badrising, Tom Hughes
BACKGROUND: Normal swallowing function is divided into oral, pharyngeal, and oesophageal phases. The anatomy and physiology of the oral cavity facilitates an oral preparatory phase of swallowing, in which food and liquid are pushed towards the pharynx by the tongue. During pharyngeal and oesophageal phases of swallowing, food and liquid are moved from the pharynx to the stomach via the oesophagus. Our understanding of swallowing function in health and disease has informed our understanding of how muscle weakness can disrupt swallowing in people with muscle disease...
February 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ji Hyun Oh, Tae Hee Lee, Hyo Shik Kim, Chan Sung Jung, Joon Seong Lee, Su Jin Hong, So-Young Jin
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is characterized by the typical histopathological features of a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells, a high ratio of IgG4- to IgG-positive cells, storiform fibrosis (cellular fibrosis organized in an irregular whorled pattern), obliterative phlebitis, and variable presence of eosinophils. The disease exhibits systemic involvement but very rarely involves the esophagus. A 33-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of a 1-year history of progressive dysphagia...
December 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yang Wang, Yangguang Song
PURPOSE: Our aim was to report the characteristics of pharyngoesophageal diverticula on sonographic (US) examination. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and images of 14 patients whose pharyngoesophageal diverticula had been found first on thyroid US. The diagnoses had been confirmed on barium-swallow esophagography. RESULTS: All nodules were located posterior to the left thyroid lobe, having a clear hypoechoic border with the thyroid...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Salim Al-Riyami, Yaqoob Al-Sawafi
Esophageal duplication is the second most common site of gastrointestinal duplication and most cases present with complications. These complications include bleeding, infection, dysphagia, and dyspnea. We report an incidental case of a true intramural esophageal duplication cyst in a new military recruit. The patient was diagnosed in Armed Forces Hospital, Oman. The patient came for a pre-recruitment routine check-up, he was found to have a suspicious soft tissue lesion on chest X-ray. He was referred to the thoracic surgeon for further investigations...
November 2015: Oman Medical Journal
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