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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431006/regulation-of-oxidized-platelet-lipidome-implications-for-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Madhumita Chatterjee, Dominik Rath, Jörg Schlotterbeck, Johannes Rheinlaender, Britta Walker-Allgaier, Nada Alnaggar, Monika Zdanyte, Iris Müller, Oliver Borst, Tobias Geisler, Tilman E Schäffer, Michael Lämmerhofer, Meinrad Gawaz
Aims: Hyperlipidaemia enhances susceptibility to thrombosis, while platelet oxidixed LDL (oxLDL) binding in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) correlates with activation status. This study explores the platelet lipidome in symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and the functional consequences of the chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR-4/-7 on lipid uptake in platelets. Methods and results: Platelet-oxLDL detected by flow cytometry was enhanced (P = 0...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429817/investigation-of-bacterial-viability-from-incubated-saliva-by-application-of-flow-cytometry-and-hyphenated-separation-techniques
#2
Bogusław Buszewski, Maciej Milanowski, Tomasz Ligor, Paweł Pomastowski
The aim of the study was determination of bacterial viability in saliva samples and finding a correlation between microbiological and volatile profiles of saliva depending on incubation time. Bacteria colonizing healthy oral cavities were also identified. Twelve healthy adults donated unstimulated saliva samples. Flow cytometry, optical density measurements and colony-forming unit (CFU) counting method were employed for analyses of native and inoculated saliva after 0, 1, 2, 24 and 48 h of incubation. Volatile profiles were acquired using headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC/MS)...
April 21, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429052/the-skeletal-impact-of-the-chemotherapeutic-agent-etoposide
#3
A J Koh, B P Sinder, P Entezami, L Nilsson, L K McCauley
Effects of the chemotherapeutic agent etoposide on the skeleton were determined in mice. Numbers of bone marrow cells were reduced and myeloid cells were increased. Bone volume was significantly decreased with signs of inhibition of bone formation. Etoposide after pre-treatment with zoledronic acid still reduced bone but overall bone volume was higher than with etoposide alone. INTRODUCTION: Chemotherapeutics target rapidly dividing tumor cells yet also impact hematopoietic and immune cells in an off target manner...
April 20, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428785/interferon-gamma-induces-changes-in-natural-killer-nk-cell-ligand-expression-and-alters-nk-cell-mediated-lysis-of-pediatric-cancer-cell-lines
#4
Arianexys Aquino-López, Vladimir V Senyukov, Zlatko Vlasic, Eugenie S Kleinerman, Dean A Lee
Natural killer (NK) cells have therapeutic potential for cancer due to their capacity for targeting tumor cells without prior sensitization. Our laboratory has developed an NK cell expansion protocol that generates large quantities of NK cells for therapeutic infusion that secret 20 times the amount of interferon gamma (IFNγ) than resting NK cells. IFNγ can upregulate major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-class I, an inhibitory ligand for NK cells, but can also upregulate intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) which promotes NK:target cell interaction for an efficient lysis...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425536/cisplatin-resistance-in-cell-models-evaluation-of-metallomic-and-biological-predictive-biomarkers-to-address-early-therapy-failure
#5
Marta Espina, Mario Corte-Rodríguez, Leticia Aguado, María Montes-Bayón, Marta I Sierra, Pablo Martínez-Camblor, Elisa Blanco-González, L María Sierra
Cisplatin, one of the most extensively used metallodrugs in cancer treatment, presents the important drawback of patient resistance. This resistance is the consequence of different processes including those preventing the formation of DNA adducts and/or their quick removal. Thus, a tool for the accurate detection and quantitation of cisplatin-induced adducts might be valuable for predicting patient resistance. To prove the validity of such an assumption, highly sensitive plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) strategies were applied to determine DNA adduct levels and intracellular Pt concentrations...
April 20, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424250/unifying-mechanism-for-different-fibrotic-diseases
#6
Gerlinde Wernig, Shih-Yu Chen, Lu Cui, Camille Van Neste, Jonathan M Tsai, Neeraja Kambham, Hannes Vogel, Yaso Natkunam, D Gary Gilliland, Garry Nolan, Irving L Weissman
Fibrotic diseases are not well-understood. They represent a number of different diseases that are characterized by the development of severe organ fibrosis without any obvious cause, such as the devastating diseases idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and scleroderma. These diseases have a poor prognosis comparable with endstage cancer and are uncurable. Given the phenotypic differences, it was assumed that the different fibrotic diseases also have different pathomechanisms. Here, we demonstrate that many endstage fibrotic diseases, including IPF; scleroderma; myelofibrosis; kidney-, pancreas-, and heart-fibrosis; and nonalcoholic steatohepatosis converge in the activation of the AP1 transcription factor c-JUN in the pathologic fibroblasts...
April 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419223/removal-of-batch-effects-using-distribution-matching-residual-networks
#7
Uri Shaham, Kelly P Stanton, Jun Zhao, Huamin Li, Khadir Raddassi, Ruth Montgomery, Yuval Kluger
Motivation: Sources of variability in experimentally derived data include measurement error in addition to the physical phenomena of interest. This measurement error is a combination of systematic components, originating from the measuring instrument, and random measurement errors. Several novel biological technologies, such as mass cytometry and single-cell RNA-seq, are plagued with systematic errors that may severely affect statistical analysis if the data is not properly calibrated...
April 13, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419219/dna-remodelling-by-strict-partial-endoreplication-in-orchids-an-original-process-in-the-plant-kingdom
#8
Spencer C Brown, Mickaël Bourge, Nicolas Maunoury, Maurice Wong, Michele Wolfe Bianchi, Sandra Lepers-Andrzejewski, Pascale Besse, Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev, Michel Dron, Béatrice Satiat-Jeunemaître
DNA remodelling during endoreplication appears to be a strong developmental characteristic in orchids. In this study, we analysed DNA content and nuclei in 41 species of orchids to further map the genome evolution in this plant family. We demonstrate that the DNA remodelling observed in 36 out of 41 orchids studied corresponds to strict partial endoreplication. Such process is developmentally regulated in each wild species studied. Cytometry data analyses allowed us to propose a model where nuclear states 2C, 4E, 8E, etc...
April 13, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418842/effects-of-tlr-2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-on-the-occurrence-of-degenerative-knee-osteoarthritis-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study
#9
Yi-Xun Liu, Guo-Dong Wang, Xiao Wang, Yong-Le Zhang, Tian-Lun Zhang
The study aims to explore the effects of TLR-2/NF-κB signaling pathway on the occurrence of degenerative knee osteoarthritis (OA). Degenerative knee OA and normal cartilage samples were collected from patients with degenerative knee OA receiving total knee arthroplasty and amputation. Expressions of TLR-2, NF-κB and MMP-13 were determined by qRT-PCR and immunochemistry. The chondrocytes were divided into control, IL-1β, IL-1β + anti-TLR-2 and IL-1β + PDTC groups. MTT assay and flow cytometry were performed to determine proliferation and apoptosis of the chondrocytes...
March 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414312/high-resolution-myogenic-lineage-mapping-by-single-cell-mass-cytometry
#10
Ermelinda Porpiglia, Nikolay Samusik, Andrew Tri Van Ho, Benjamin D Cosgrove, Thach Mai, Kara L Davis, Astraea Jager, Garry P Nolan, Sean C Bendall, Wendy J Fantl, Helen M Blau
Muscle regeneration is a dynamic process during which cell state and identity change over time. A major roadblock has been a lack of tools to resolve a myogenic progression in vivo. Here we capitalize on a transformative technology, single-cell mass cytometry (CyTOF), to identify in vivo skeletal muscle stem cell and previously unrecognized progenitor populations that precede differentiation. We discovered two cell surface markers, CD9 and CD104, whose combined expression enabled in vivo identification and prospective isolation of stem and progenitor cells...
April 17, 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411844/research-techniques-made-simple-mass-cytometry%C3%A2-analysis-tools-for-decrypting-the%C3%A2-complexity%C3%A2-of-biological-systems
#11
Tiago R Matos, Hongye Liu, Jerome Ritz
Mass cytometry by time-of-flight experiments allow analysis of over 40 functional and phenotypic cellular markers simultaneously at the single-cell level. The data dimensionality escalation accentuates limitations, inherent to manual analysis, as being subjective, labor-intensive, slow, and often incapable of showing the detailed features of each unique cell within populations. The subsequent challenge of examining, visualizing, and presenting mass cytometry data has motivated continuous development of dimensionality reduction methods...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406322/mass-spectrometry-based-proteomic-exploration-of-the-human-immune-system-focus-on-the-inflammasome-global-protein-secretion-and-t-cells
#12
Tuula A Nyman, Martina B Lorey, Wojciech Cypryk, Sampsa Matikainen
The immune system is our defense system against microbial infections and tissue injury, and understanding how it works in detail is essential for developing drugs for different diseases. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics can provide in-depth information on the molecular mechanisms involved in immune responses. Areas covered: Summarized are the key immunology findings obtained with MS-based proteomics in the past five years, with a focus on inflammasome activation, global protein secretion, mucosal immunology, immunopeptidome and T cells...
April 13, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405842/egfr-targeting-peptide-coupled-platinum-iv-complexes
#13
Josef Mayr, Sonja Hager, Bettina Koblmüller, Matthias H M Klose, Katharina Holste, Britta Fischer, Karla Pelivan, Walter Berger, Petra Heffeter, Christian R Kowol, Bernhard K Keppler
The high mortality rate of lung cancer patients and the frequent occurrence of side effects during cancer therapy demonstrate the need for more selective and targeted drugs. An important and well-established target for lung cancer treatment is the occasionally mutated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). As platinum(II) drugs are still the most important therapeutics against lung cancer, we synthesized in this study the first platinum(IV) complexes coupled to the EGFR-targeting peptide LARLLT (and the shuffled RTALLL as reference)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401366/resistance-to-immunotherapy-clouds-in-a-bright-sky
#14
REVIEW
Gérard Milano
Two major challenges persist for an optimal management of immunotherapy: i) identifying those patients who will benefit from this type of therapy, and ii) determining the biological, cellular and molecular mechanisms that trigger disease progression while on therapy. There is a consensual view in favor of standardizing practices currently used to measure programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression that relates to innate resistance. The tumor mutation landscape has been widely explored as a potential predictor of treatment efficacy...
April 12, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400539/mass-cytometry-deep-phenotyping-of-human-mononuclear-phagocytes-and-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-from-human-blood-and-bone-marrow
#15
Mikael Roussel, P Brent Ferrell, Allison R Greenplate, Faustine Lhomme, Simon Le Gallou, Kirsten E Diggins, Douglas B Johnson, Jonathan M Irish
The monocyte phagocyte system (MPS) includes numerous monocyte, macrophage, and dendritic cell (DC) populations that are heterogeneous, both phenotypically and functionally. In this study, we sought to characterize those diverse MPS phenotypes with mass cytometry (CyTOF). To identify a deep phenotype of monocytes, macrophages, and DCs, a panel was designed to measure 38 identity, activation, and polarization markers, including CD14, CD16, HLA-DR, CD163, CD206, CD33, CD36, CD32, CD64, CD13, CD11b, CD11c, CD86, and CD274...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394364/human-adipose-tissue-accumulation-is-associated-with-pro-inflammatory-changes-in-subcutaneous-rather-than-visceral-adipose-tissue
#16
I Kralova Lesna, S Cejkova, A Kralova, J Fronek, M Petras, A Sekerkova, F Thieme, L Janousek, R Poledne
The importance of the involvement of adipose tissue macrophage subpopulations in obesity-related disorders is well known from different animal models, but human data are scarcer. Subcutaneous (n=44) and visceral (n=52) adipose tissues of healthy living kidney donors were obtained during living donor nephrectomy. Stromal vascular fractions were isolated and analysed by flow cytometry using CD14, CD16, CD36 and CD163 antibodies. Total macrophage numbers in subcutaneous adipose tissue increased (P=0.02) with body mass index (BMI), with a similar increase seen in the proportion of phagocytic CD14+CD16+CD36(high) macrophages (P<0...
April 10, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390430/impact-of-the-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-immunological-disturbances-in-patients-with-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Simon Jasinski-Bergner, Anna-Luise Radetzki, Janine Jahn, David Wohlrab, Heike Kielstein
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases the risk for knee and hip joint implantation and negatively contributes to wound healing. In this study, in 52 patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty the amount of peripheral immune effector cells pre- and post-operative, as well as the expression of certain soluble factors affecting the functions of immune effector cells were investigated. METHODS: The peripheral immune cells and the expression of the soluble factors were determined by flow cytometry and correlated to each other in dependency of the BMI, the sex, and the kind of arthroplasty...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389038/mass-cytometry-identifies-a-distinct-monocyte-cytokine-signature-shared-by-clinically-heterogeneous-pediatric-sle-patients
#18
W E O'Gorman, D S Kong, I M Balboni, P Rudra, C R Bolen, D Ghosh, M M Davis, G P Nolan, E W Y Hsieh
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease with heightened disease severity in children. The incomplete understanding of the precise cellular and molecular events that drive disease activity pose a significant hurdle to the development of targeted therapeutic agents. Here, we performed single-cell phenotypic and functional characterization of pediatric SLE patients and healthy controls blood via mass cytometry. We identified a distinct CD14(hi) monocyte cytokine signature, with increased levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1), macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (Mip1β), and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385529/matrix-metalloproteinase12-facilitated-platelet-activation-by-shedding-carcinoembryonic-antigen-related-cell-adhesion-molecule1
#19
Jing Wang, Yujia Ye, Guoqing Wei, Wei Hu, Linhua Li, Si Lu, Zhaohui Meng
Platelets express several MMPs that modulate their activation, which in turn regulates thrombosis, but the exact mechanism is unclear. This study evaluated the platelet expression of MMP12 and platelet activation by shedding CEACAM1 mediated by MMP12. Expression of MMP12 was measured by RT-PCR, Western blot (WB), and casein zymography in platelet from whole blood by gel filtration over plateletpheresis. The site of CEACAM1 cleavage by MMP12 was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), mass spectrometry, WB and flow cytometry (FCM)...
April 3, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385288/increased-naive-cd4-and-b-lymphocyte-subsets-are-associated-with-body-mass-loss-and-drive-relative-lymphocytosis-in-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#20
Ana Elegido, Montserrat Graell, Patricia Andrés, Alina Gheorghe, Ascensión Marcos, Esther Nova
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an atypical form of malnutrition with peculiar changes in the immune system. We hypothesized that different lymphocyte subsets are differentially affected by malnutrition in AN, and thus, our aim was to investigate the influence of body mass loss on the variability of lymphocyte subsets in AN patients. A group of 66 adolescent female patients, aged 12-17 years, referred for their first episode of either AN or feeding or eating disorders not elsewhere classified were studied upon admission (46 AN-restricting subtype, 11 AN-binge/purging subtype, and 9 feeding or eating disorders not elsewhere classified)...
March 2017: Nutrition Research
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