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Mass cytometry

Gleb G Mironov, Alexandre Bouzekri, Jessica Watson, Olga Loboda, Olga Ornatsky, Maxim V Berezovski
Mass cytometry is a novel cell-by-cell analysis technique, which uses elemental tags instead of fluorophores. Sample cells undergo rapid ionization in inductively coupled plasma and the ionized elemental tags are then analyzed by means of time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Benefits of the mass cytometry approach are in no need for compensation, the high number of detection channels (up to 100) and low background noise. In this work, we applied a biotinylated aptamer against human PTK7 receptor for characterization of positive (human acute lymphoblastic leukemia) and negative (human Burkitt's lymphoma) cells by a mass cytometry instrument...
March 20, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Jiao Ji, Yan Yu, Zhi-Ling Li, Ming-Yuan Chen, Rong Deng, Xiang Huang, Guang-Feng Wang, Meng-Xia Zhang, Qi Yang, Senthilkumar Ravichandran, Gong-Kan Feng, Xue-Lian Xu, Chen-Lu Yang, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Lin Jiao, Dajun Yang, Xiao-Feng Zhu
Rationale: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most frequent head and neck tumor in South China. The presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in NPC contributes to tumor maintenance and therapeutic resistance, while the ability of CSCs to escape from the apoptosis pathway may render them the resistant property to the therapies. Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins family proteins (IAPs), which are overexpressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma stem cells, may play an important role in maintaining nasopharyngeal cancer stem cell properties...
2018: Theranostics
Michelle Nonato de Oliveira Melo, Adriana Passos Oliveira, Adalgisa Felippe Wiecikowski, Renato Sampaio Carvalho, Juliana de Lima Castro, Felipe Alves Gomes de Oliveira, Henrique Marcelo Gualberto Pereira, Venicio Feo da Veiga, Marcia Marques Alves Capella, Leandro Rocha, Carla Holandino
Cancer is one of the biggest problems in public health worldwide. Plants have been shown important role in anticancer research. Viscum album L. (Santalaceae), commonly known as mistletoe, is a semi-parasitic plant that grows on different host trees. In complementary medicine, extracts from European mistletoe ( Viscum album L.) have been used in the treatment of cancer. The study was conducted to identify chemical composition and antitumor potential of Viscum album tinctures. Chemical analysis performed by high resolution chromatography equipped with high resolution mass spectrometer identified caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, sakuranetin, isosakuranetin, syringenin 4-O-glucoside, syringenin 4-O-apiosyl-glucoside, alangilignoside C and ligalbumoside A compounds...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Holger Winkels, Erik Ehinger, Melanie Vassallo, Konrad Buscher, Huy Dinh, Kouji Kobiyama, Anouk Hamers, Clément Cochain, Ehsan Vafadarnejad, Antoine-Emmanuel Saliba, Alma Zernecke, Akula Pramod, Amlan Ghosh, Nathaly Anto Michel, Natalie Hoppe, Ingo Hilgendorf, Andreas Zirlik, Catherine Hedrick, Klaus Ley, Dennis Wolf
<u>Rationale:</u> Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is driven by the interplay of pro- and anti-inflammatory leukocytes in the aorta. Yet, the phenotypic and transcriptional diversity of aortic leukocytes is only poorly understood. <u>Objective:</u> We characterized leukocytes from healthy and atherosclerotic mouse aortas in-depth by single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNAseq) and mass cytometry (CyTOF) to define an atlas of the immune cell landscape in atherosclerosis...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Research
Beiyuan Fan, Junbo Wang, Ying Xu, Jian Chen
Quantification of single-cell proteomics provides key insights in the field of cellular heterogeneity. This chapter discusses the emerging techniques that are being used to measure the protein copy numbers at the single-cell level, which includes flow cytometry, mass cytometry, droplet cytometry, microengraving, and single-cell barcoding microchip. The advantages and limitations of each technique are compared, and future research opportunities are highlighted.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Vincenzo Carafa, Angela Nebbioso, Francesca Cuomo, Dante Rotili, Gilda Cobellis, Paola Bontempo, Alfonso Baldi, Enrico P Spugnini, Gennaro Citro, Angela Chambery, Rosita Russo, Menotti Ruvo, Paolo Ciana, Luca Maravigna, Jani Shaik, Enrico Radaelli, Pasqualino De Antonellis, Domenico Tarantino, Adele Pirolli, Rino Ragno, Massimo Zollo, Hendrik G Stunnenberg, Antonello Mai, Lucia Altucci
PURPOSE: Alteration in cell death is a hallmark of cancer. A functional role regulating survival, apoptosis and necroptosis has been attributed to RIP1/3 complexes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We have investigated the role of RIP1 and the effects of MC2494 in cell death induction, using different methods as flow cytometry, transcriptome analysis, immunoprecipitation, enzymatic assays, transfections, mutagenesis and in vivo studies with different mice models. RESULTS: Here, we show that RIP1 is highly expressed in cancer and we define a novel RIP1/3-SIRT1/2-HAT1/4 complex...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Cheng Tian, Meimei Wang, Shanshan Liu, Hang Ma, Kai He, Deqi Zhou, Yanlin Li, Xiaoli Ye, Xuegang Li
A new small molecule glycoprotein SPG-8700 with potential anti-colorectal cancer activity was firstly separated by tracking of bioactivity from a new sweet potato variety Zhongshu-1. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, high-performance liquid chromatography and amino acid analyzer were applied separately to determine the molecular weight and compositions of this glycoprotein. Flow cytometry analysis and western blotting analysis were employed to explore it's mechanism of the anti-colorectal cancer...
March 12, 2018: Natural Product Research
Paul C Norris, Charles N Serhan
Metabolomics enables a systems approach to interrogate the bioactive mediators, their pathways and further metabolites involved in the physiology and pathophysiology of human and animal tissues. New metabololipidomic approaches with mass spectrometry presented in this brief review can now be utilized for the identification and profiling of lipid mediator networks that control inflammation-resolution in human blood and healthy and diseased solid tissues. Coagulation of blood is a protective response that prevents excessive bleeding on injury of blood vessels...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kostas Patas, Anne Willing, Cüneyt Demiralay, Jan Broder Engler, Andreea Lupu, Caren Ramien, Tobias Schäfer, Christian Gach, Laura Stumm, Kenneth Chan, Marissa Vignali, Petra C Arck, Manuel A Friese, Ole Pless, Klaus Wiedemann, Agorastos Agorastos, Stefan M Gold
While a link between inflammation and the development of neuropsychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD) is supported by a growing body of evidence, little is known about the contribution of aberrant adaptive immunity in this context. Here, we conducted in-depth characterization of T cell phenotype and T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in MDD. For this cross-sectional case-control study, we recruited antidepressant-free patients with MDD without any somatic or psychiatric comorbidities ( n  = 20), who were individually matched for sex, age, body mass index, and smoking status to a non-depressed control subject ( n  = 20)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ayman S Samman Tahhan, Muhammad Hammadah, Mohamad Raad, Zakaria Almuwaqqat, Ayman Alkhoder, Pratik B Sandesara, Heval Kelli, Salim S Hayek, Jeong H Kim, Wesley T O'Neal, Matthew L Topel, Aubrey J Grant, Nabil Sabbak, Robert E Heinl, Mohamad M Gafeer, Malik Obideen, Belal Kaseer, Naser Abdelhadi, Yi-An Ko, Chang Liu, Iraj Ghaini, Ernestine A Mahar, Viola Vaccarino, Edmund K Waller, Arshed A Quyyumi
<u>Rationale:</u> Circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) mobilize in response to ischemic injury, but their predictive value remains unknown in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). <u>Objective:</u> We aimed to investigate the number of CPCs in ACS compared to those with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), relationship between bone marrow PCs and CPCs, and whether CPC counts predict mortality in patients with ACS. <u>Methods and Results:</u> In 2028 patients, 346 had unstable angina, 183 had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the remaining 1499 patients had stable CAD...
March 7, 2018: Circulation Research
Na Li, Vincent van Unen, Thomas Höllt, Allan Thompson, Jeroen van Bergen, Nicola Pezzotti, Elmar Eisemann, Anna Vilanova, Susana M Chuva de Sousa Lopes, Boudewijn P F Lelieveldt, Frits Koning
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are abundant in mucosal tissues and involved in tissue homeostasis and barrier function. Although several ILC subsets have been identified, it is unknown if additional heterogeneity exists, and their differentiation pathways remain largely unclear. We applied mass cytometry to analyze ILCs in the human fetal intestine and distinguished 34 distinct clusters through a t-SNE-based analysis. A lineage (Lin)- CD7+ CD127- CD45RO+ CD56+ population clustered between the CD127+ ILC and natural killer (NK) cell subsets, and expressed diverse levels of Eomes, T-bet, GATA3, and RORγt...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Hoon Kim, Qun Lin, Peter M Glazer, Zhong Yun
BACKGROUND: Tumor hypoxia is an independent prognostic factor associated with poor patient survival. Emerging evidence suggests that hypoxia can potentially maintain or enhance the stem cell phenotype of both normal stem cells and cancer cells. However, it remains to be determined whether cell fate is regulated in vivo by the hypoxic tumor microenvironment (TME). METHODS: We established a hypoxia-sensing xenograft model to identify hypoxic tumor cell in vivo primarily using human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF7...
March 6, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Priyanka B Subrahmanyam, Zhiwan Dong, Daniel Gusenleitner, Anita Giobbie-Hurder, Mariano Severgnini, Jun Zhou, Michael Manos, Lauren M Eastman, Holden T Maecker, F Stephen Hodi
BACKGROUND: While immune checkpoint blockade has greatly improved clinical outcomes in diseases such as melanoma, there remains a need for predictive biomarkers to determine who will likely benefit most from which therapy. To date, most biomarkers of response have been identified in the tumors themselves. Biomarkers that could be assessed from peripheral blood would be even more desirable, because of ease of access and reproducibility of sampling. METHODS: We used mass cytometry (CyTOF) to comprehensively profile peripheral blood of melanoma patients, in order to find predictive biomarkers of response to anti-CTLA-4 or anti-PD-1 therapy...
March 6, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Chi Ching Goh, Maximilien Evrard, Shu Zhen Chong, Yingrou Tan, Leonard De Li Tan, Karen Wei Weng Teng, Wolfgang Weninger, David Laurence Becker, Hong Liang Tey, Evan William Newell, Bin Liu, Lai Guan Ng
Pressure ulcers are a chronic problem for patients or the elderly who require extended periods of bed rest. The formation of ulcers is due to repeated cycles of ischemia-reperfusion (IR), which initiates an inflammatory response. Advanced ulcers disrupt the skin barrier, resulting in further complications. To date, the immunological aspect of skin IR has been understudied, partly due to the complexity of the skin immune cells. Through a combination of mass cytometry, confocal imaging and intravital multiphoton imaging, this study establishes a workflow for multidimensionality single cell analysis of skin myeloid responses in the context of IR injury with high spatiotemporal resolution...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
Bahareh Ajami, Nikolay Samusik, Peter Wieghofer, Peggy P Ho, Andrea Crotti, Zach Bjornson, Marco Prinz, Wendy J Fantl, Garry P Nolan, Lawrence Steinman
Neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration may represent two poles of brain pathology. Brain myeloid cells, particularly microglia, play key roles in these conditions. We employed single-cell mass cytometry (CyTOF) to compare myeloid cell populations in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis, the R6/2 model of Huntington's disease (HD) and the mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (mSOD1) model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We identified three myeloid cell populations exclusive to the CNS and present in each disease model...
March 5, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
Ermelinda Porpiglia, Nikolay Samusik, Andrew Tri Van Ho, Benjamin D Cosgrove, Thach Mai, Kara L Davis, Astraea Jager, Garry P Nolan, Sean C Bendall, Wendy J Fantl, Helen M Blau
In the version of this Article originally published, the name of author Andrew Tri Van Ho was coded wrongly, resulting in it being incorrect when exported to citation databases. This has been corrected, though no visible changes will be apparent.
March 5, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
Zinaida Good, Jolanda Sarno, Astraea Jager, Nikolay Samusik, Nima Aghaeepour, Erin F Simonds, Leah White, Norman J Lacayo, Wendy J Fantl, Grazia Fazio, Giuseppe Gaipa, Andrea Biondi, Robert Tibshirani, Sean C Bendall, Garry P Nolan, Kara L Davis
Insight into the cancer cell populations that are responsible for relapsed disease is needed to improve outcomes. Here we report a single-cell-based study of B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia at diagnosis that reveals hidden developmentally dependent cell signaling states that are uniquely associated with relapse. By using mass cytometry we simultaneously quantified 35 proteins involved in B cell development in 60 primary diagnostic samples. Each leukemia cell was then matched to its nearest healthy B cell population by a developmental classifier that operated at the single-cell level...
March 5, 2018: Nature Medicine
Manman Deng, Jie Zha, Zhiwu Jiang, Xian Jia, Yuanfei Shi, Peng Li, Xiao Lei Chen, Zhihong Fang, Zhiqiang Du, Bing Xu
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a clonal malignant disorder characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of immature B or T lymphocytes. Extensive studies have suggested an involvement of angiogenesis signaling in ALL progression and resistance to treatment. Thus, targeting angiogenesis with anti-angiogenic drugs may be a promising approach for ALL treatment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of Apatinib, a novel receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor selectively targeting VEGFR-2 in ALL cells...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Marilia Takada, Maciej Parys, Emmalena Gregory-Bryson, Paulo Vilar Saavedra, Matti Kiupel, Vilma Yuzbasiyan-Gurkan
BACKGROUND: Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare disorder in humans, however it is seen with appreciable frequency in certain breeds of dogs, such as Bernese mountain dog. The purpose of this study was to fully characterize a novel canine histiocytic sarcoma cell line, and utilize it as a tool to screen for potential therapeutic drugs. METHODS: The histiocytic sarcoma cell line was characterized by expression of cellular markers as determined by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry techniques...
March 1, 2018: BMC Cancer
Imran Shair Mohammad, Wei He, Lifang Yin
PURPOSE: A multidrug resistance (MDR) modulator, disulfiram (DSF), was incorporated into pure paclitaxel (PTX) nanoparticles to construct a smart paclitaxel-disulfiram nanococrystals (PTX-DSF Ns) stabilized by β-lactoglobulin (β-LG), with the aim to reverse MDR and therefore enhnce cytotoxicity towards Taxol-resistant A549 cells (A549/TAX). METHOD: PTX-DSF Ns was prepared by antisolvent precipitation method. Flow cytometry was used to determine the cell uptake, drug efflux inhibition, cell cycle phase arrest and apoptosis...
February 27, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
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