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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161964/suicidal-ideation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematous-nr2a-gene-polymorphism-clinical-and-psychosocial-factors
#1
R I Buji, N A Abdul Murad, L F Chan, T Maniam, M S Mohd Shahrir, M Rozita, A S Shamsul, R Mohamad Hussain, N Abdullah, R Jamal, N R Nik Jaafar
Background Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients are a high-risk population for suicide. Glutamatergic neurosystem genes have been implicated in the neurobiology of depression in SLE and suicidal behaviour in general. However, the role of glutamate receptor gene polymorphisms in suicidal behaviour among SLE patients remains unclear in the context of established clinical and psychosocial factors. We aimed to investigate the association of NR2A gene polymorphism with suicidal ideation in SLE while accounting for the interaction between clinical and psychosocial factors...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161471/peer-to-peer-mentoring-for-african-american-women-with-lupus-a-feasibility-pilot
#2
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Delia Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregzaibher, Jim C Oates, Leonard Egede
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and potential benefits of peer mentoring to improve the disease self-management and quality of life of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Peer mentors were trained and paired with up to three mentees to receive self-management education and support by telephone over 12 weeks. This study took place at an academic teaching hospital in Charleston, South Carolina. Seven quads consisting of one peer mentor and three mentees were matched based on factors such as age, area of residence, marital and work status...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158554/genomic-consequences-of-intensive-inbreeding-in-an-isolated-wolf-population
#3
Marty Kardos, Mikael Åkesson, Toby Fountain, Øystein Flagstad, Olof Liberg, Pall Olason, Håkan Sand, Petter Wabakken, Camilla Wikenros, Hans Ellegren
Inbreeding (mating between relatives) is a major concern for conservation as it decreases individual fitness and can increase the risk of population extinction. We used whole-genome resequencing of 97 grey wolves (Canis lupus) from the highly inbred Scandinavian wolf population to identify 'identical-by-descent' (IBD) chromosome segments as runs of homozygosity (ROH). This gave the high resolution required to precisely measure realized inbreeding as the IBD fraction of the genome in ROH (F ROH). We found a striking pattern of complete or near-complete homozygosity of entire chromosomes in many individuals...
November 20, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126783/two-case-reports-using-simulated-reattachment-to-treat-persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-and-ptsd
#4
Mark Rider
These case reports focus on a rapid treatment for persistent complex bereavement disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which appears to activate the mirror neuron network. Simulated reattachment is a technique which has been found to repair phantom limb pain in just a few sessions. The same neuroplasticity that accomplishes phantom pain relief has been found to occur in the treatment of complicated grief and PTSD using similar methods. The simulated reattachment for the client in Case one was found to significantly reduce the symptoms of both complicated grief and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) within one session...
October 6, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097965/fatigue-and-activity-management-education-for-individuals-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
Ruth O'Riordan, Michele Doran, Deirdre Connolly
Background: Fatigue and Activity Management Education (FAME) is a six-week occupational therapy-led programme focusing on fatigue and stress management, exercise, nutrition, and joint protection. Each session consists of education and goal setting. Objectives of Study: To assess the impact of FAME on occupational participation and fatigue management. Methods: Three programmes were facilitated with twenty-one women with SLE. A mixed methods design was used...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061438/symptom-profile-of-catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents-admitted-to-psychiatry-inpatient-unit
#6
Sandeep Grover, Nidhi Chauhan, Akhilesh Sharma, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To study the symptom profile of catatonia in children and adolescents. METHODOLOGY: Treatment records of all the inpatients aged (≤19 years) were reviewed for the period January 2005 to January 2017. Patients with catatonia (diagnosed as having at least two symptoms as per the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating scale) were included. RESULTS: During the study period, data was available for 52 children and adolescent. The mean age of the sample was 16...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967372/a-rheumetric-physician-checklist-to-quantitate-levels-of-inflammation-damage-and-distress-on-0-10-visual-analogue-scales
#7
REVIEW
Isabel Castrejón, Jacquelin R Chua, Theodore Pincus
A physician global assessment of patient status (DOCGL) was designed initially to quantitate inflammatory activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical trials, in which patients are selected for high levels of activity. However, in patients seen in routine care with various diagnoses, and even in some RA patients selected for clinical trials, DOCGL also may be affected by joint damage and/or patient distress. To clarify DOCGL on a 0-10 visual analogue scale (VAS), 3 additional 0-10 VAS have been developed to record physician estimates of inflammation (DOCINF), damage (DOCDAM), and distress (DOCSTR) (such as fibromyalgia (FM)/depression)...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940018/assessment-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-performance-for-the-diagnosis-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
REVIEW
Eduardo de Almeida Macêdo, Simone Appenzeller, Lilian Tereza Lavras Costallat
Neuropsychiatric lupus (NPSLE) is described in 12-95% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Anxiety disorders are among the most frequent manifestations of NPSLE, occurring in 4-85% of these patients. Several diagnostic tools, such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), have been used to assess anxiety in clinical studies in SLE, but there is a lack of data on the performance of these questionnaires in the disease. This study aimed to assess the performance of HADS for the detection of anxiety in male and female patients with SLE, also investigating possible gender differences in this aspect...
December 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919518/depressed-serum-igm-levels-in-sle-are-restricted-to-defined-subgroups
#9
Caroline Grönwall, Uta Hardt, Johanna T Gustafsson, Kerstin Elvin, Kerstin Jensen-Urstad, Marika Kvarnström, Giorgia Grosso, Johan Rönnelid, Leonid Padykov, Iva Gunnarsson, Gregg J Silverman, Elisabet Svenungsson
Natural IgM autoantibodies have been proposed to convey protection from autoimmune pathogenesis. Herein, we investigated the IgM responses in 396 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, divided into subgroups based on distinct autoantibody profiles. Depressed IgM levels were more common in SLE than in matched population controls. Strikingly, an autoreactivity profile defined by IgG anti-Ro/La was associated with reduced levels of specific natural IgM targeting phosphorylcholine (PC) antigens and malondialdehyde (MDA) modified-protein, as well as total IgM, while no differences were detected in SLE patients with an autoreactivity profile defined by anti-cardiolipin/β2glycoprotein-I...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864643/performance-of-screening-tests-for-cognitive-impairment-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#10
Stephanie G Nantes, Jiandong Su, Ashneet Dhaliwal, Kenneth Colosimo, Zahi Touma
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for a cognitive function screening test that can be administered to patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in clinic. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) in SLE by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), in relation to the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R), and Perceived Deficits Questionnaire 5-Item (PDQ-5); and (2) associated factors with CI...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831690/effects-of-risk-factors-for-and-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#11
Jeong-Won Lee, Ji-Hyoun Kang, Kyung-Eun Lee, Dong-Jin Park, Seong Wook Kang, Seung-Ki Kwok, Seong-Kyu Kim, Jung-Yoon Choe, Hyoun-Ah Kim, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Kichul Shin, Sang-Il Lee, Chang Hoon Lee, Sung Jae Choi, Shin-Seok Lee
PURPOSE: This study assessed the relationships among the risk factors for and components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a hypothesized causal model using structural equation modeling (SEM) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Of the 505 SLE patients enrolled in the Korean Lupus Network (KORNET registry), 244 had sufficient data to assess the components of MetS at enrollment. Education level, monthly income, corticosteroid dose, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index, Physicians' Global Assessment, Beck Depression Inventory, MetS components, and the Short Form-36 at the time of cohort entry were determined...
August 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798699/schizophrenia-or-atypical-lupus-erythematosus-with-predominant-psychiatric-manifestations-over-25%C3%A2-years-case-analysis-and-review
#12
Axel Mack, Christiane Pfeiffer, E Marion Schneider, Karl Bechter
We observed a case over 25 years of relapsing-remitting schizophrenic spectrum disorder, varying regarding the main symptomatology between more depressive or more schizoaffective or rather typical schizophrenic syndrome. Diseased phases were repeatedly accompanied by minor skin lesions, which were initially classified as mixed tissue disorder. Psychotic phases were waxing-waning over years. During one later relapse, skin involvement was severe, classified to likely represent an allergic reaction to psychopharmaca; this generalized exanthema remitted rapidly with cortisone treatment and azathioprine...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795307/sex-symptom-severity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatology
#13
REVIEW
Marco Krasselt, Christoph Baerwald
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show a striking female predominance ranging from 3:1 in RA up to 9:1 in SLE. The background for those gender bias is not fully understood yet, but seems to be the result of a complex interaction between sex hormones, (epi-)genetics, and possibly even the composition of gut microbiota. Moreover, time of disease onset, the clinical phenotype including co-morbidities as well as the course of the diseases during life differ between genders...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776205/psychological-factors-that-link-socioeconomic-status-to-depression-anxiety-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Desiree R Azizoddin, Geraldine Zamora-Racaza, Sarah R Ormseth, Lekeisha A Sumner, Chelsie Cost, Julia R Ayeroff, Michael H Weisman, Perry M Nicassio
Our analyses examined whether reserve capacity factors would explain the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and symptoms of depression/anxiety in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We assessed disease activity, depression/anxiety symptoms, and intrapersonal and interpersonal reserve capacity measures in 128 patients with SLE. Multiple meditational analyses revealed that intrapersonal and interpersonal psychosocial aspects of reserve capacity fully mediated the relationship between SES and depression/anxiety...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762055/gulf-war-illness-gwi-as-a-neuroimmune-disease
#15
Apostolos P Georgopoulos, Lisa M James, Adam F Carpenter, Brian E Engdahl, Arthur C Leuthold, Scott M Lewis
Gulf War illness (GWI) is a chronic disease characterized by the involvement of several organs, including the brain (Christova et al., Exp Brain Res doi: 10.1007/s00221-017-5010-8 , 2017). In a previous study (Georgopoulos et al., J Neural Eng 4:349-355, 2015), we identified six protective alleles from Class II human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes, and more recently, we investigated the brain correlates of this protection (James et al., EBioMedicine 13:72-79, 2016). Those and other studies (Israeli, Lupus, 21:190-194, 2012) suggested an involvement of the immune system in GWI...
July 31, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716698/cytokine-balance-and-behavioral-intervention-findings-from-the-peer-approaches-to-lupus-self-management-pals-project
#16
Edith M Williams, J Madison Hyer, Ramakrishnan Viswanathan, Trevor D Faith, Leonard Egede, Jim C Oates, Gailen D Marshall
The Peer Approaches to Lupus Self-Management program sought to address the disparate impact of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on African American women through a peer mentoring intervention with aims of reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. Given the association between psychological health and immune function this study examines the relationship between patient reported outcomes (PROs) in these domains and immunologic indicators of disease activity. Twenty-three African American women with SLE served as mentees in the intervention from whom PRO measures were collected at the outset, midpoint, and end of the 12week pilot study...
July 14, 2017: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716225/regional-cerebral-glucose-metabolism-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Tomoyuki Saito, Maasa Tamura, Yuhei Chiba, Omi Katsuse, Akira Suda, Ayuko Kamada, Takahiro Ikura, Kie Abe, Matsuyoshi Ogawa, Kaoru Minegishi, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Yohei Kirino, Atsushi Ihata, Yoshio Hirayasu
OBJECTIVES: Depression is frequently observed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) patients often exhibit cerebral hypometabolism, but the association between cerebral metabolism and depression remains unclear. To elucidate the features of cerebral metabolism in SLE patients with depression, we performed brain 18F-fluoro-d-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) on SLE patients with and without major depressive disorder. METHODS: We performed brain FDG-PET on 20 SLE subjects (5 male, 15 female)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706407/incidence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-perimenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-western-uttar-pradesh-population
#18
Ravi Prakash Sasankoti Mohan, Akanksha Gupta, Nagaraju Kamarthi, Sangeeta Malik, Sumit Goel, Swati Gupta
BACKGROUND: Hormonal fluctuations during menopause lead to endocrine changes in women, especially in their sex steroid hormone production. Studies have documented the role of estrogen and progesterone (Pg) on autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Lichen planus (LP), an autoimmune disorder, seen frequently in perimenopausal women, may also get affected by sex steroid hormones, but no direct relationship has been established yet...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688057/relatives-quality-of-life-and-psychological-disturbance-a-new-concern-of-sle-management
#19
Furong Zeng, Qianyun Xu, Di Liu, Hui Luo, Ya-Ou Zhou, Wangbin Ning, Jiangyan Chen, Huali Zhang, Haihong Liu, Yisha Li, Xiaoxia Zuo
It is known that the quality of life (QOL) and psychological status of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are severely impaired. However, a few reports have assessed the QOL and psychological status in relatives of these patients. This study aimed to assess the QOL and psychological status in relatives of patients with SLE and their impact on patients. A total of 104 patient-relative dyads were evaluated using a 36-Item Short-Form Survey (SF-36), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS)...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670583/quality-of-life-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-its-relevant-factors-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Seyedeh Azam Sajadi, Abbas Ebadi, Seyed Tayeb Moradian
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are considered as hidden patients experiencing physical and mental disorders. This affects the quality of not only their lives but also the health care provided to patients.This study aimed to investigate the quality of life (QOL) and its related factors among the caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted based on the eight-step guidelines presented by the York University. The databases relevant to the medical field including Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science, Scopus, Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO and Psychology Library were used...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
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