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Congenital deformity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919604/correlation-of-stature-with-foot-length-in-5-10-years-aged-bangladeshi-children
#1
M Ismatsara, M Khalil, S Mannan, M T Alam, M M Rahman, Z Ahmed, E Z Epsi, A Kabir, S Farjan, R S Zisa
This cross sectional, descriptive and analytic type study was conducted among 5-10 years aged Bangladeshi children at different areas of Mymensingh district (Fulpur, Muktagacha, Fulbaria, Trisal and Haluaghat) on 109 Bangladeshi children (70 male and 39 female) from January 2016 to December 2016. Sample collection was done by nonrandom purposive sampling technique. Any kind of foot deformity resulting either from congenital or physical injury were excluded to construct standard measurement. The present anthropometric study was designed to construct data of 5 to 10 years aged Bangladeshi children regarding foot length, to measure correlation of stature with foot length and an attempt has been made out to grow interest among the researchers for future study and also to compare the data with the data of the people of other races...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918465/congenital-lumbar-kyphosis-with-skin-ulceration-and-osteomyelitis-in-a-myelomeningocele-child-a-case-report
#2
Benoit Vibert, Marco Turati, Pierre-Yves Rabattu, Marco Bigoni, Ahmad Eid, Aurélien Courvoisier
INTRODUCTION: Kyphosis is a frequent problem in children with spina bifida, and this deformity may cause different complications as respiratory insufficiency, bowel dysfunction, and skin ulcers. CASE REPORT: We report on a 13-year-old myelomeningocele male with a lumbar kyphoscoliosis associated to a septic skin ulceration that resulted in an acute sepsis. An X-ray revealed a kyphosis of 110° and a scoliosis of 25° between T9 and L5. The wound and blood cultures showed Staphylococcus aureus colonization, and an appropriate antibiotic therapy was started...
September 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913398/total-femur-arthroplasty-for-revision-hip-failure-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-limits-of-biology
#3
Pablo Sanz-Ruiz, Manuel Villanueva-Martinez, Jose Antonio Calvo-Haro, Esther Carbó-Laso, Javier Vaquero-Martín
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare congenital disease characterized by alterations in bone quality, with susceptibility to fractures, instability, deformities, and osteoarthrosis. Prosthetic surgery in these patients is associated with an abnormally high rate of implant failures. On the other hand, abnormal bone fragility adds to the complexity of revision surgery in such individuals-thus representing a genuine challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. We present a case of femoral reconstruction in a patient with OI and prosthetic loosening after reconstruction secondary to femoral septic pseudoarthrosis...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906329/cleft-lip-and-palate-repair-our-experience
#4
Gian Luca Gatti, Nicola Freda, Alessandro Giacomina, Marina Montemagni, Andrea Sisti
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate is the most frequent congenital craniofacial deformity. In this article, the authors describe their experience with cleft lip and palate repair. METHODS: Data regarding patients presenting with primary diagnosis of cleft lip and/or palate, between 2009 and 2015, were reviewed. Details including demographics, type of cleft, presence of known risk factors, surgical details, and follow-up visits were collected. Documented complications were reported...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904957/echocardiographic-techniques-of-deformation-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-maternal-cardiovascular-system-in-patients-with-complicated-pregnancies
#5
REVIEW
Silvia Visentin, Chiara Palermo, Martina Camerin, Luciano Daliento, Denisa Muraru, Erich Cosmi, Luigi P Badano
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. Knowledge of CVD in women is constantly evolving and data are emerging that female-specific risk factors as complications of pregnancy are conditions associated with an increased risk for the long-term development of CVD. Echocardiography is a safe and effective imaging technique indicated in symptomatic or asymptomatic pregnant women with congenital heart diseases who require close monitoring of cardiac function...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904639/a-comparison-of-functional-outcome-between-amputation-and-extension-prosthesis-in-the-treatment-of-congenital-absence-of-the-fibula-with-severe-limb-deformity
#6
P Calder, S Shaw, A Roberts, S Tennant, I Sedki, R Hanspal, D Eastwood
PURPOSE: Complete fibula absence often presents with significant lower-limb deformity. Parental counselling regarding management is paramount in achieving the optimum functional outcome. Amputation offers a single surgical event with minimal complications. This study compares outcomes with an amputation protocol to those using an extension prosthesis. METHOD: Thirty-two patients were identified. Nine patients (2 males, 7 females; median age at assessment of 23...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900568/can-runners-perceive-changes-in-heel-cushioning-as-the-shoe-ages-with-increased-mileage
#7
Mark W Cornwall, Thomas G McPoil
BACKGROUND: For those runners who utilize footwear and have a rearfoot strike pattern, the durability of the midsole heel region has been shown to deteriorate as shoe mileage increases. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was threefold: 1) to determine if the runner can self-report changes in heel cushioning properties of the midsole after an extended period of distance running, 2) to determine if force and plantar pressures measured in the heel region of the midsole using a capacitance sensor insole change after running 640 km, and 3) to determine if a durometer could be used clinically to objectively measure changes in the hardness of the material in the heel region of the midsole...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885330/fractional-curve-progression-with-maintenance-of-fusion-mass-in-congenital-scoliosis-an-18-year-follow-up-of-a-case-report
#8
Dong-Gune Chang, Jae Hyuk Yang, Se-Il Suk, Seung-Woo Suh, Jin-Hyok Kim, Seung-Joo Lee, Ki-Ho Na, Jung-Hee Lee
RATIONALE: The management of congenital scoliosis concentrates on early diagnosis and proper surgical treatment before the development of severe deformities. Decision making regarding the appropriate fusion levels, proper surgical treatment, and reduction amount of kyphoscoliosis is very important but difficult in the treatment of congenital scoliosis, especially in young children. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report an 11-year follow-up of revision surgery for fractional curve progression after combined anterior and posterior fusion without hemivertebra resection using pedicle screw fixation (PSF) in congenital kyphoscoliosis at age 4 years (a total 18-year follow-up)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885315/tuberous-breast-past-present-and-future-personal-classification-treatment-and-surgical-outcomes
#9
Alessandro Innocenti, Marco Innocenti, Francesco Mori, Dario Melita, Francesco Ciancio, Adriana Cordova
BACKGROUND: Tuberous breast (TB) is a rare congenital deformity, which may appear in different clinical forms representing various degrees of a single pathological entity. The worst cases are characterized by severe hypoplasia. Following a detailed analysis of the available relevant literature and a significant number of treated cases, in this article, the authors propose a new classification, with the aim of summarizing and simplifying a more intuitive categorization of the malformation, considering all the clinical aspects and including all types of TBs, even the minor ones, thus allowing a more immediate diagnosis and surgical planning...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885124/thoracic-spinal-cord-impingement-by-an-arachnoid-web-at-the-level-of-a-hemivertebra-case-report
#10
Molly E Hubbard, Matthew A Hunt, Kristen E Jones, David W Polly
Congenital scoliosis due to a hemivertebra requires surgical stabilization prior to skeletal maturity if rapidly progressive curve growth occurs. Here the authors present the unique case of a man who, at the age of 12 years, had undergone Harrington rod placement for stabilization of progressive congenital scoliosis due to a T-11 hemivertebra and then, at the age of 53 years, presented with acutely progressive myelopathy due to spinal cord compression from an arachnoid web at T-11 despite a solid fusion mass at the prior surgical site...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879606/history-of-clubfoot-treatment-part-iii-twentieth-century-back-to-the-future
#11
REVIEW
Philippe Hernigou
Clubfoot is one of the most common congenital orthopaedic anomalies and was described by Hippocrates in the year 400 BC. From manipulation in antiquity to splint and plaster in the Renaissance the treatment had improved before tenotomy. Many surgical treatments were tested during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and will be explained in this manuscript; however, the pathology still continues to challenge the paediatric orthopedic surgeon as it has a notorious tendency to relapse, irrespective of whether the foot is treated with conservative or operative means...
September 6, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875772/atypical-caudal-regression-syndrome-with-agenesis-of-lumbar-spine-and-presence-of-sacrum-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Edyta Szumera, Barbara Jasiewicz, Tomasz Potaczek
Context Caudal regression syndrome is a rare disorder, not well described in the literature. Findings Authors treated two patients with congenital absence of thoracolumbar vertebrae and lower limbs paraplegia. Patients had hypoplasia of the lower trunk and extremities with motion between upper and lower torso. Imaging showed caudal spine agenesis, but cleft sacrum was present. Due to severe kyphotic deformity and spinal instability, deformity correction and posterior fusion was performed at the age 6 and 8...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875228/myocardial-deformation-assessed-by-longitudinal-strain-chamber-specific-normative-data-for-cmr-feature-tracking-from-the-german-competence-network-for-congenital-heart-defects
#13
Quanliang Shang, Shivani Patel, Michael Steinmetz, Andreas Schuster, David A Danford, Philipp Beerbaum, Samir Sarikouch, Shelby Kutty
PURPOSE: Left ventricular two-dimensional global longitudinal strain (LS) is superior to ejection fraction (EF) as predictor of outcome. We provide reference data for atrial and ventricular global LS during childhood and adolescence by CMR feature tracking (FT). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 115 healthy subjects (56 male, mean age 12.4 ± 4.1 years) at a single institution. CMR consisted of standard two-dimensional steady-state free-precession acquisitions...
September 5, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869085/success-rates-and-complications-of-autologous-onlay-bone-grafts-and-sinus-lifts-in-patients-with-congenital-hypodontia-and-after-trauma
#14
J Breeze, J Patel, M S Dover, R W Williams
Autogenous bone remains the gold standard for augmentation of the alveolar ridge in congenital hypodontia and appreciable post-traumatic deformity. This generally reflects the volume of material required for such defects and the osteogenic potential of the grafts. Morbidity at the donor site and success rates may lead to autogenous grafts being superseded by xenografts or alloplastic materials in the future, but we know of little evidence to confirm this. All patients having augmentation of the alveolar ridge or sinus lift to enable subsequent placement of implants between 01 January 2009 and 31 December 2016 were identified from a prospectively-gathered database held at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham...
August 28, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867052/supramalleolar-osteotomies
#15
REVIEW
Varun Chopra, Paul Stone, Alan Ng
Distal tibial malalignment can result from posttraumatic malunion, physeal disturbances, congenital or metabolic diseases, and degenerative arthritis. Malalignment leads to an altered load distribution across the joint leading to early ankle joint arthritis. If a substantial part of the joint is salvageable, ankle fusion or joint replacement is not always the best option. Realignment of the distal tibia with a joint-sparing supramalleolar osteotomy is a valuable procedure in correcting deformity at the distal tibia...
October 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865596/percutaneous-foot-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-brachymetatarsia-a-case-report
#16
Gonzalo Concheiro Barreiro, Arantza Gadañón García, Jose María Giráldez Domínguez
BACKGROUND: The term brachimetatarsia refers to an abnormal shortening of the metatarsal bones as a result of early closure of the growth plate. The deformity, which may be congenital, idiopathic or secondary to surgery or trauma, may result in functional as well as cosmetic alterations, which require correction by an orthopedic surgeon. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the possibility of treating this condition by means of a minimally invasive technique which affords results as satisfactory as those of conventional techniques but with fewer complications...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864264/a-self-reported-needs-assessment-survey-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-education-in-haiti
#17
Rameez A Qudsi, Heather J Roberts, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Elena Losina, Donald S Bae, Francel Alexis, George S Dyer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of musculoskeletal disease remains high in low-income countries, with a high rate of pediatric disease. Efforts continue for orthopedic education, but there is little guidance on local needs and desires. Our aim was to determine the specific content and modalities that would be most useful for pediatric orthopedic educational programs abroad, and we demonstrate a practical method of identifying country-specific educational deficits through a self-reported needs survey in Haiti...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860542/genetic-association-study-of-common-variants-in-tgfb1-and-il-6-with-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-han-chinese-population
#18
Wenlong Ma, Zhuqing Zha, Ke Chen, Honggan Chen, Yixin Wu, Jianbing Ma, Sixiang Zeng, Liqiang Zhi, Shuxin Yao
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a congenital or developmental deformation or misalignment of the hip joint that is affected by environmental and genetic factors. Recently, polymorphisms in both TGFB1 and IL-6 have been identified as being significantly associated with hip osteoarthritis in Caucasians. In this study, we conducted a case-control study involving 4,206 Han Chinese individuals to investigate the effects of TGFB1 and IL-6 on the disease status and severity of DDH. A total of 32 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected to ensure coverage of the two genetic loci...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856524/4d-modelling-for-rapid-assessment-of-biventricular-function-in-congenital-heart-disease
#19
K Gilbert, B Pontre, C J Occleshaw, B R Cowan, A Suinesiaputra, A A Young
Although more patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) are now living longer due to better surgical interventions, they require regular imaging to monitor cardiac performance. There is a need for robust clinical tools which can accurately assess cardiac function of both the left and right ventricles in these patients. We have developed methods to rapidly quantify 4D (3D + time) biventricular function from standard cardiac MRI examinations. A finite element model was interactively customized to patient images using guide-point modelling...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851442/outcome-of-surgical-repair-of-pectus-excavatum-in-adults
#20
Ayman M Shaalan, Ibrahim Kasb, Eman E Elwakeel, Yusra A Elkamali
BACKGROUND: Pectus Excavatum (PEx) is the most common congenital chest wall deformity, accounting for over 90% of all chest wall deformities. Surgical correction is recommended because severe PEx can affect the physical and psychological development of patients. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of surgical repair of Pectus Excavatum in adults during hospital course and results after 1 year. METHODS: Prospective study was carried out on 86 adult patients aged ≥ 15 years, 52 males and 34 females (mean age was 26 ± 1...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
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