keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity in adults

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906315/a-fixed-versus-weight-based-dosing-strategy-of-daptomycin-may-improve-safety-in-obese-adults
#1
Jill M Butterfield-Cowper, Thomas P Lodise, Manjunath P Pai
OBJECTIVES: To compare daptomycin exposures and predicted safety outcomes with a simulated weight-based and fixed dose in morbidly-obese and non-obese subjects METHODS: We performed a nonparametric population pharmacokinetic analysis of daptomycin concentration-time data from a prior obese and non-obese kidney function matched cohort of healthy adult volunteers. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to compare the maximum concentrations (Cmax ), minimum concentrations (Cmin ), and area under the curve (AUC) with the standard daptomycin 6-mg/kg/day dose or a 500-mg daily fixed dose in obese and non-obese subjects...
June 15, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905772/nrf2-deficiency-exacerbates-obesity-induced-oxidative-stress-neurovascular-dysfunction-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-neuroinflammation-amyloidogenic-gene-expression-and-cognitive-decline-in-mice-mimicking-the-aging-phenotype
#2
Stefano Tarantini, M Noa Valcarcel-Ares, Andriy Yabluchanskiy, Zsuzsanna Tucsek, Peter Hertelendy, Tamas Kiss, Tripti Gautam, Xin A Zhang, William E Sonntag, Rafael de Cabo, Eszter Farkas, Michael H Elliott, Michael T Kinter, Ferenc Deak, Zoltan Ungvari, Anna Csiszar
Obesity has deleterious effects on cognitive function in the elderly adults. In mice, aging exacerbates obesity-induced oxidative stress, microvascular dysfunction, blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption, and neuroinflammation, which compromise cognitive health. However, the specific mechanisms through which aging and obesity interact to remain elusive. Previously, we have shown that Nrf2 signaling plays a critical role in microvascular resilience to obesity and that aging is associated with progressive Nrf2 dysfunction, promoting microvascular impairment...
June 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903789/prevalence-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-nanjing-adults-in-china
#3
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903687/adolescents-experiences-of-obesity-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#4
Karin Nordin, Anna-Lena Brorsson, Kerstin Ekbom
BACKGROUND: The positive effects of behavioural treatment and weight management in adolescents with severe obesity are modest. Obesity surgery can be an option for adolescents, but is not the first-hand choice of treatment. The knowledge about adolescents' own experiences of having undergone surgery and their thoughts and feelings of the follow-up period are limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe adolescents' decision to go through obesity surgery as teenager and their experiences of the follow-up period...
April 26, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903682/impact-of-obesity-on-noninvasive-cardiac-hemodynamic-measurement-by-electrical-cardiometry-in-adults-with-aortic-stenosis
#5
Patrick Teefy, Rodrigo Bagur, Chantal Phillips, Kourosh Karimi-Shahri, John Teefy, Raksha Sule, Adam A Dempsey, Kambiz Norozi
OBJECTIVES: There are substantial potential benefits to noninvasive cardiac monitoring methods, such as electrical cardiometry (EC), over more invasive methods, including significantly reduced risk of complications, lower up-front and operational costs, ease of use, and continuous monitoring. To take advantage of these technologies, clinical equivalence to currently established methods must be determined. The authors sought to determine if the noninvasive measurement of cardiac index (CI) by EC was clinically equivalent to thermodilution (TD) in adult patients with aortic stenosis (AS)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903379/body-mass-index-blood-pressure-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-india-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-500-810-adults
#6
Vendhan Gajalakshmi, Ben Lacey, Vendhan Kanimozhi, Paul Sherliker, Richard Peto, Sarah Lewington
BACKGROUND: The association between cause-specific mortality and body-mass index (BMI) has been studied mainly in high-income countries. We investigated the relations between BMI, systolic blood pressure, and mortality in India. METHODS: Men and women aged 35 years or older were recruited into a prospective study from the general population in Chennai, India between Jan 1, 1998, and Dec 31, 2001. Participants were interviewed (data collected included age, sex, education, socioeconomic status, medical history, tobacco smoking, and alcohol intake) and measured (height, weight, and blood pressure)...
July 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903298/-relationship-between-abdominal-obesity-and-dyslipidemia-in-postmenopausal-women-in-a-community-of-suzhou-city-in-2014
#7
Xing Pang, Lugang Yu, Hui Zhou, Ting Lei, Guochong Chen, Liqiang Qin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between abdominal obesity and dyslipidemia in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Based on the project of 2014 community comprehensive intervention for prevention of chronic diseases in Suzhou Industrial Park, 2 000 residents in a community were randomly selected. Among them, a total of 323 women with natural menopause for more than 12 months were observed. Height, body weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and plasma levels of triglycerides( TG) level, total cholesterol( TC) level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol( HDL-C) level and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol( LDL-C) were measured...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903297/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dyslipidemia-among-adults-in-bengbu-city-in-2014-2015
#8
Li Shu, Li Li, Lianguo Fu, Wenhong Zhao, Xintong Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia among community residents in Bengbu City. METHODS: Totally 8 communities from 4districts were sampled through stratified randomized sampling, 1545 community residents[468 males, 1077 females, the mean age was( 55. 19 ± 12. 07) years old]selected as thesubjects. They answered a well-designed questionnaire( age, gender, history of chronic disease), received physical examinations( height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference), measured the blood lipids and blood glucose...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903273/-the-optimal-cut-off-values-of-body-fat-percentage-in-adults-among-chinese-three-provinces
#9
Dandan Fan, Chang Su, Wenwen Du, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal cut-off values of body fat percentage(BF%)in Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 1022 adults aged 18-69 years in Liaoning, Henan and Hunan Province was enrolled in this study. Analyzed the changes of BF%in different percentiles of body mass index(BMI), waist circumference(WC), waist-to-height ratio(WHtR), waist-to-hip ratio(WHR). BF%cut-off values were determined by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve. RESULTS: In Chinese adults, the average of BF%was 22...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903199/-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-influencing-factors-in-rural-areas-along-the-yangtze-river-in-anhui-province-in-2014-2015
#10
Mingjun Hu, Mengmeng Zhou, Yuwei Yang, Ling Liang, Qi Zhong, Qirong Qin, Xiaodong Wang, Fen Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, control and related influence factors of hypertension among rural adult residents in areas along the Yangtze River in Anhui Province. METHODS: Totally 2873 rural adult residents in seven typical towns along the Yangtze River of Chizhou, Tongling and Ma'anshan Cities, Anhui Province were selected, with multistage-stratified random cluster sampling, to perform questionnaires and physical measurements from year 2014 to 2015...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903193/-prevalence-and-change-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-rural-adults-in-deqing-county-zhejiang-province-in-china-during-2006-2014
#11
Xiaoying Chen, Zhaofan Wu, Xuecai Wang, Yue Chen, Xiaolian Dong, Jianfu Zhu, Tian Xiao, Qingwu Jiang, Chaowei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus( T2 DM) in rural Deqing County, Zhejiang Province, and explore its risk factors. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was used to select 8 rural communities in Deqing County, Zhejiang Province, and a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2006-2008, 2011-2012 and 2013-2014, respectively. Totally, 6562 eligible subjects were investigated in 2006-2008, 11 763 eligible subjects in 2011-2012, and 10 904 eligible subjects in 2013-2014...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902734/depressive-symptoms-handgrip-strength-and-weight-status-in-us-older-adults
#12
Lee Smith, Stephanie White, Brendon Stubbs, Liang Hu, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Mark Hamer, Benjamin Gardner, Lin Yang
BACKGROUND: Handgrip strength is a valid indicator of broader physical functioning. Handgrip strength and weight status have been independently associated with depressive symptoms in older adults, but no study has yet investigated the relationships between all three in older US adults. This study investigated the relationship between physical function and depressive symptoms by weight status in older US adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analysed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey waves 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902681/motives-for-drinking-alcohol-and-eating-palatable-foods-an-evaluation-of-shared-mechanisms-and-associations-with-drinking-and-binge-eating
#13
Tera L Fazzino, Amani Raheel, Natalie Peppercorn, Kelsie Forbush, Taylor Kirby, Kenneth J Sher, Christie Befort
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a high-risk period for heavy drinking and binge eating, both of which can impact weight and lead to obesity. Examining motives for drinking alcohol and eating palatable foods may facilitate a more integrated understanding of these behaviors during the college years. The current study tested whether shared or distinct (i.e., behavior-specific) motivational mechanisms may explain the occurrence of reward-driven drinking and eating in young adults. METHODS: A sample of college freshmen (N = 103) stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and heavy drinking status were selected to participate...
May 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902222/prevalence-and-correlates-of-chronic-diseases-in-an-elderly-population-a-community-based-survey-in-haikou
#14
Chanjuan Zhao, Liping Wong, Qing Zhu, Hao Yang
BACKGROUND: The escalating problem of multiple chronic conditions among older adults in China draws public health attention due to increasing proportion of the elderly population. This study sought to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with four chronic diseases in older adults in Haikou, the capital city of Hainan Province, China. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 9432 community-dwelling elderly people aged 60 years and older living in rural or urban areas in Haikou were investigated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902214/body-weight-perception-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-and-depressive-symptoms-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2014
#15
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND/ PURPOSE: Despite emerging evidence suggesting harmful influences of accurate weight perception on psychological health among individuals with obesity, little is known about the association in Asian populations. The aim of this study was investigate the association between body weight perception and depressive symptoms among Korean adults, and potential differential associations across gender. METHODS: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014, comprising 3,318 female (n = 1,876) and male (n = 1,442) participants, aged 19-65 years, with no history of depression and a body-mass index (BMI)> = 18...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902166/obesity-prevalence-among-adults-living-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#16
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Liping Pan, Terry O'Toole, Kevin Matthews, Heidi M Blanck
Approximately 46 million persons (14%) in the United States live in nonmetropolitan counties.* Compared with metropolitan residents, nonmetropolitan residents have a higher prevalence of obesity-associated chronic diseases such as diabetes (1), coronary heart disease (1), and arthritis (2). The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found a significantly higher obesity prevalence among adults in nonmetropolitan (39.6%) than in metropolitan (33.4%) counties (3). However, this difference has not been examined by state...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902162/youth-risk-behavior-surveillance-united-states-2017
#17
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902061/validity-of-the-modified-shuttle-walk-test-to-assess-cardiorespiratory-fitness-after-exercise-intervention-in-overweight-obese-adults-with-primary-hypertension
#18
Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Peter H Brubaker, Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor Martinez Aguirre-Betolaza, Sara Maldonado-Martin
The study aimed to assess whether the Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese people with hypertension (HTN) after an exercise intervention evaluating the equation presented in the previous research by Jurio-Iriarte et al. Participants (N= 248) performed a peak cardiorespiratory exercise test (CPET) and MSWT before and after 16-weeks of different types of aerobic exercise intervention. The formula of Jurio-Iriarte et al. was used to predict peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak )...
June 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901727/food-overconsumption-in-healthy-adults-triggers-early-and-sustained-increases-in-serum-branched-chain-amino-acids-and-changes-in-cysteine-linked-to-fat-gain
#19
Amany K Elshorbagy, Dorit Samocha-Bonet, Fredrik Jernerén, Cheryl Turner, Helga Refsum, Leonie K Heilbronn
Background: Plasma concentrations of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and the sulfur-containing amino acid cysteine are associated with obesity and insulin resistance. BCAAs predict future diabetes. Objective: We investigated amino acid changes during food overconsumption. Methods: Forty healthy men and women with a body mass index (mean ± SEM) of 25.6 ± 0.6 were overfed by 1250 kcal/d for 28 d, increasing consumption of all macronutrients...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901710/a-mediterranean-style-eating-pattern-with-lean-unprocessed-red-meat-has-cardiometabolic-benefits-for-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-in-a-randomized-crossover-controlled-feeding-trial
#20
Lauren E O'Connor, Douglas Paddon-Jones, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell
Background: A Mediterranean-style eating pattern (Mediterranean Pattern) is often described as being low in red meat. Research shows that lean, unprocessed red meat can be incorporated into healthy eating patterns to improve cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors. Objective: We assessed the effects of consuming different amounts of lean, unprocessed red meat in a Mediterranean Pattern on CMD risk factors. We hypothesized that consuming a Mediterranean Pattern would improve CMD risk factors and that red meat intake would not influence these improvements...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
110859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"