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Syncope pediatric

Andrea Streng, Veit Grote, Anita Rack-Hoch, Johannes G Liese
BACKGROUND: Universal varicella vaccination for one-year-old children was introduced in Germany in 2004. We investigated changes in incidence and type of varicella-associated neurologic complications in children during the first 7 years after universal vaccination recommendation. METHODS: Surveillance study based on patients <17 years of age with an International Classification of Diseases (10 Revision, ICD-10) discharge diagnosis of varicella, annually reported by 22-29 pediatric hospitals in Bavaria (Germany), 2005 to 2011...
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Kavita Sharma, Poonam Thankavel
Congenital stenosis/atresia of a coronary artery is an exquisitely rare anomaly (Congenit Heart Dis, 2, 2007, 347) with increased risk of sudden death. Bilateral coronary obstruction is even more unusual but has been reported in conjunction with aortic valve disease, syphilis, and Takayasu's arteritis. To the best of our knowledge, obstruction of both coronaries in a pediatric patient has only been reported once (Ann Thorac Surg, 55, 1993, 1564). We present a patient with an intramural, anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery from the contralateral sinus (AAORCA) with near atresia of the left main coronary ostium...
October 4, 2016: Echocardiography
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Joanna L Gould, Ashwini S Poola, Shawn D St Peter, Pablo Aguayo
PURPOSE: After investigating barriers for same day discharge (SDD) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), we employed a protocol which we have followed with a prospective, observational study. METHODS: A single institution, prospective observational study was performed from July 2014 to 2015 (2nd period). These data were compared to our initial experience with an SDD protocol from January 2013 to July 2014 (1st period). RESULTS: A total of 191 LCs were analyzed, 116 in the 1st period and 75 in the second period...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Shadi Lahham, Lester Tsai, Sean P Wilson, Samer Assaf, Roman Navarro, Faried Banimahd, Mohammad Subeh, Erik D Barton, Abigail Barbera, J Christian Fox
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is extremely rare but under recognized in the pediatric population. Although the literature on the use of ultrasound to detect VTEs in adults is plentiful, little has been documented on its use in the pediatric population. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a healthy 16-year-old female who presented to our emergency department with 3 months of dyspnea on exertion and one episode of near-syncope. Point-of-care cardiac ultrasound identified an inferior vena cava thrombosis...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Aarti Dalal, Richard J Czosek, Joshua Kovach, Johannes C von Alvensleben, Santiago Valdes, Susan P Etheridge, Michael J Ackerman, Debbie Auld, Jeryl Huckaby, Courtney McCracken, Robert Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To identify the clinical presentation of children and adolescents affected by 1 of 4 cardiac conditions predisposing to sudden cardiac arrest: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, long QT syndrome (LQTS), catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), and anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva (ALCA-R). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of newly diagnosed pediatric patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LQTS, CPVT, and ALCA-R referred for cardiac evaluation at 6 US centers from 2008 to 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Gisela Chelimsky, Katja Kovacic, Pippa Simpson, Melodee Nugent, Donald Basel, Julie Banda, Thomas Chelimsky
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with benign joint hypermobility (BJH) syndrome and chronic functional pain disorders have more autonomic dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study of pediatric patients seen in the pediatric neurogastroenterology and autonomic clinic who underwent autonomic testing and had either a Beighton score of ≥6 and met Brighton criteria for BJH (with BJH) or a score of ≤2 (no BJH). RESULTS: Twenty-one female subjects (10 without BJH) met inclusion criteria; 64% of BJH had diagnosis confirmed by genetics consultation...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Andrew D Krahn, Jeffrey S Healey, Brenda Gerull, Paul Angaran, Santabhanu Chakrabarti, Shubhayan Sanatani, Laura Arbour, Zachary W M Laksman, Sandra L Carroll, Colette Seifer, Martin Green, Jason D Roberts, Mario Talajic, Robert Hamilton, Martin Gardner
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a complex and clinically heterogeneous arrhythmic condition. Incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity are particularly evident in ARVC, making clinical decision-making challenging. METHODS: Pediatric and adult cardiologists, geneticists, genetic counsellors, ethicists, nurses, and qualitative researchers are collaborating to create the Canadian ARVC registry using a web-based clinical database...
April 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Burak Gumuscu, Kevin Norwood, George A Parker, C Lee Bridges, Carl B Rountree
INTRODUCTION: A 13-year-old African-American female presented to her primary care physician's office with fatigue, syncope, and hematemesis. After initial evaluation, the patient was referred to pediatric gastroenterology clinic for further evaluation. MAIN CONCERNS, IMPORTANT FINDINGS: An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed to evaluate the source of her bleeding. Endoscopy revealed a 3-cm mass in the lesser curvature of the stomach, and a biopsy of the mass revealed a concern for carcinoid (neuroendocrine) features...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Geoffrey L Heyer, Caitlin Schmittauer, Monica P Islam
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to characterize the clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns associated with tilt-induced reflex syncope and delayed orthostatic hypotension without syncope in youth. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 95 patients referred to a pediatric neurology clinic for head-upright tilt testing. Clinical signs, symptoms, video EEG, and continuous blood pressure and heart rate were monitored. RESULTS: Eighty patients had reflex syncope, and 15 had delayed-onset hypotension without syncope...
September 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Jennifer N Avari Silva, Burt I Bromberg, Fredrick K Emge, Tammy M Bowman, George F Van Hare
BACKGROUND: Implantable loop recorders (ILRs) are conventionally utilized to elucidate the mechanism of atypical syncope. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of these devices on management of pediatric patients with known or suspected inherited arrhythmia syndromes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective chart review was undertaken of all pediatric patients with known or suspected inherited arrhythmia syndromes in whom an ILR was implanted from 2008 to 2015...
June 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Teresa Grimaldi Capitello, Caterina Fiorilli, Silvia Placidi, Roberta Vallone, Fabrizio Drago, Simonetta Gentile
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life, which can be investigated using self-reports or parental reports, could help healthcare providers understand the subjective perception of well-being of children suffering from recurrent syncopal episodes. Quality of life is not only a measure of health but is also a reflection of patients' and parents' perceptions and expectations of health. This study assessed: 1) the consistency and agreement between pediatric patients' self-reports and parents' proxy-reports of their child's quality of life; 2) whether this patient-parent agreement is dependent on additional demographic and clinical or distress factors; 3) whether the parents' psychological distress influences children's and parents' responses to questionnaires on quality of life...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Hakan Gümüş, Duran Arslan, Güldemet Kaya Özçora, Sefer Kumandaş, Neslihan Karacabey, Mehmet Canpolat, Hüseyin Per
AIM: Wilson's disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism which leads to copper overload in different tissues of the body. The aim of this study was to present the neurologic features of Wilson's disease and to assess the clinical course of neurological findings in children receiving anti-copper treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve children with a diagnosis of Wilson's disease and findings of central nervous system involvement who were followed up in the Department of Pediatric Neurology and Pediatric Gastroenterology of the School of Medicine at Erciyes University were enrolled in the study...
March 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Verónica Cantarín-Extremera, María-Luz Ruíz-Falcó-Rojas, Amalia Tamaríz-Martel-Moreno, Marta García-Fernández, Anna Duat-Rodriguez, Belén Rivero-Martín
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common disease in the world. Around 10-40% of patients who suffer epilepsy will have intractable seizures. When resective epilepsy surgery is not possible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) can be an option. The most common side effects associated with VSN therapy are hoarseness, throat pain and coughing. Cardiac arrhythmia has been reported during lead tests performed during implantation of the device, but few cases during regular treatment. We report a new child where vagally induced bradyarrhythmia, perfectly correlated with the stimulation periods...
July 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Y Liao, J B Du
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Timothy Horeczko, Jeanny K Park, Courtney Mann, Angelo Milazzo
OBJECTIVE: We compare pediatric cardiac risk classification and management recommendations between emergency physicians (EPs) and pediatric cardiologists (PCs) in children with a suspected new cardiac disorder. METHODS: We prospectively compared the work-up, assessment, classification, and disposition of patients aged 0 to 21 years presenting to the emergency department with a potential cardiac etiology in whom an electrocardiogram (ECG) was performed. The criterion standard was a blinded assessment by the PC-electrophysiologist after review of the history, physical examination, ancillary tests, and ECG...
March 3, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Antoine Andorin, Elijah R Behr, Isabelle Denjoy, Lia Crotti, Federica Dagradi, Laurence Jesel, Fréderic Sacher, Bertrand Petit, Philippe Mabo, Alice Maltret, Leonie C H Wong, Bruno Degand, Géraldine Bertaux, Philippe Maury, Yves Dulac, Béatrice Delasalle, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Dominique Babuty, Nico A Blom, Peter J Schwartz, Arthur A Wilde, Vincent Probst
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an arrhythmogenic disease associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) that seldom manifests or is recognized in childhood. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the clinical presentation of pediatric BrS to identify prognostic factors for risk stratification and to propose a data-based approach management. METHODS: We studied 106 patients younger than 19 years at diagnosis of BrS enrolled from 16 European hospitals...
June 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Yvonne Paris, Olga H Toro-Salazar, Naomi S Gauthier, Kathleen M Rotondo, Lucy Arnold, Rose Hamershock, David E Saudek, David R Fulton, Ashley Renaud, Mark E Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pediatric syncope is common. Cardiac causes are rarely found. We describe and assess a pragmatic approach to these patients first seen by a pediatric cardiologist in the New England region, using Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plans (SCAMPs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Ambulatory patients aged 7 to 21 years initially seen for syncope at participating New England Congenital Cardiology Association practices over a 2.5-year period were evaluated using a SCAMP...
February 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Emily Morell Balkin, Emma D Olson, Laura Robertson, Ian Adatia, Jeffrey R Fineman, Roberta L Keller
Despite advances in therapy, outcomes for children with pulmonary hypertension remain poor. We sought to assess the validity of a pediatric-specific functional classification system for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a heterogeneous population of children with PH diagnosed by echocardiogram or cardiac catheterization. A single-center, retrospective study of 65 infants and children with PH was performed. Pediatric Functional Class (FC) at diagnosis, at last visit, and change in FC over time were evaluated for their association with mortality and PH-associated morbidity in univariate, time-to-event, and multivariate regression analyses...
April 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
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