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health workforce

Germán Guerra, Emilio Gutiérrez-Calderón, Nelly Salgado de Snyder, Víctor Hugo Borja-Aburto, Adolfo Martínez-Valle, Miguel Ángel González-Block
BACKGROUND: The Mexican health system segments access and right to healthcare according to worker position in the labour market. In this contribution we analyse how access and continuity of healthcare gets interrupted by employment turnover in the labour market, including its formal and informal sectors, as experienced by affiliates to the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) at national level, and of workers with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Mexico City. METHODS: Using data from the National Employment and Occupation Survey, 2014, and from IMSS electronic medical records for workers in Mexico City, we estimated annual employment turnover rates to measure the loss of healthcare access due to labour market dynamics...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Stacy J Suskauer, Amy J Houtrow
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published the "Report to Congress on the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children" in the spring of 2018. The report is a call to action for professionals providing care for children with traumatic brain injury in the health, social and educational sectors and for researchers, administrators and agencies to develop strategies to improve outcomes. For pediatric rehabilitation providers there are clear opportunities to improve service delivery for individual patients and for the population of children after traumatic brain injury more generally...
June 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
M Kelsey Kirkwood, Amy Hanley, Suanna S Bruinooge, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Laura A Levit, Caroline Schenkel, Jerome E Seid, Blase N Polite, Richard L Schilsky
PURPOSE: To describe the US hematology and medical oncology practice landscape and to report findings of the sixth annual ASCO Oncology Practice Census survey. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: ASCO used Medicare Physician Compare data to characterize oncology practices in the United States. Practice size, number of care sites, and geographic distribution were determined. Trends in the number and size of practices from 2013 to 2017 were examined. All US oncology practices were targeted for the survey; survey responses were linked to the practices identified from Physician Compare to augment results and assess generalizability...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Philip J Schneider, Craig A Pedersen, Douglas J Scheckelhoff
PURPOSE: The results of the 2017 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings are described. METHODS: Pharmacy directors at 4,828 general and children's medical- surgical hospitals in the United States were surveyed using a mixed-mode method of contact by mail and e-mail. Survey completion was online, using Qualtrics (Qualtrics, Provo, UT). IMS Health supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from the IMS hospital database (IMS Health, Yardley, PA)...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
S M Balaji
Introduction: In the recent past, the level of prevalence and incidence of dental caries and periodontal diseases in India and its comparison with South-Asian neighbors have not been reported. The manuscript estimates the same using the global disease burden 2016 approach. Materials and Methods: Secondary data analysis of primary data presented by Vos et al., 2016, was used for this study. Data from the global burden of disease, data at https://vizhub.healthdata...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Marc Scherlinger, Thomas C M Bienvenu, Max Piffoux, Perrine Séguin
MD-PhD programs allow students to undergo research training and to be granted a PhD during medical education. In France, before years 2000, the scientific training of MD-PhD students was traditionally initiated during, or even after residency. Integrated MD-PhD programs have been launched in France in 2003 by Inserm, the public scientific and technological institute dedicated to biomedical research and human health. Irrespective of the MD-PhD training pathway followed, students enrolled in these programs face several difficulties...
May 2018: Médecine Sciences: M/S
Ayodotun Stephen Ibidunni, Hezekiah Olubusayo Falola, Oyebisi Mary Ibidunni, Odunayo Paul Salau, Maxwell Ayodele Olokundun, Taiye Tairat Borishade, Augusta Bosede Amaihian, Fred Peter
The aim of this research was to present a data article that identify the relationship between workforce diversity, job satisfaction and employee commitment among public healthcare workers in Nigeria. Copies of structured questionnaire were administered to 133 public healthcare workers from the Lagos state ministry of health in Nigeria. Using descriptive and structural equation modelling statistical analysis, the data revealed the relationship between workforce diversity and job satisfaction, workforce diversity and organisational commitment, and the role of job satisfaction on organisational commitment was also established...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Michael Zoorob
OBJECTIVE: Economic policies can have unintended consequences on population health. In recent years, many states in the USA have passed 'right to work' (RTW) laws which weaken labour unions. The effect of these laws on occupational health remains unexplored. This study fills this gap by analysing the effect of RTW on occupational fatalities through its effect on unionisation. METHODS: Two-way fixed effects regression models are used to estimate the effect of unionisation on occupational mortality per 100 000 workers, controlling for state policy liberalism and workforce composition over the period 1992-2016...
June 13, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Sophia Samuel, Heather Thompson
The problem of medical practitioner burnout and loss of morale remains an ongoing challenge in the Australian health workforce. Collegiate recommendations are individualistic or personalised, or worse, punitive. Critical reflection in supervision is a long-accepted and key aspect of social work theory and practice. The use of critical reflection within a general practitioner support group is examined and key learnings from our findings over 3years are discussed. All participants reported the group enhanced individual and team workplace satisfaction, and wellbeing...
June 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Gayelene Boardman, Karen Lawrence, Meg Polacsek
Providing nursing students with appropriate clinical practice during their undergraduate programme is critical to ensuring that graduates meet the competency requirements to gain registration as a nurse. In response to the predicted nursing workforce shortage, universities have been significantly increasing the enrolment of undergraduate nurses into Bachelor of Nursing courses. This has placed a demand on the availability of clinical placements and often universities struggle to find appropriate places. In this study, a Bachelor of Nursing course incorporated an Integrated Clinical Learning Model (ICLM) for the first time during a mental health placement...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Aisha Tamika McKenzie, Gulen Addis
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the experience of registered nurses working in renal inpatients wards at an acute National Health Service (NHS) hospital Trust. Nurse perceptions of their experience particularly in relation to job satisfaction was analysed. BACKGROUND: Increased understanding of workplace organisation and culture can contribute to improved nurse work experience and better patient care. Worldwide many studies conducted on nurse experience and job satisfaction show that job satisfaction level varies across work settings so analysis of job satisfaction at a local level such as in a ward is important for producing useful analysis and recommendations...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Pieter Coenen, Anne Smith, Peter Kent, Mark Harris, Steven J Linton, Glenn Pransky, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Leon Straker
Objectives Spinal (ie, back and neck) pain often develops as early as during adolescence and can set a trajectory for later life. However, whether early-life spinal-pain-related behavioral responses of missing school/work are predictive of future work absenteeism is yet unknown. We assessed the association of adolescent spinal-pain-related work or school absenteeism with early adulthood work absenteeism in a prospective population-based cohort. Methods Six year follow-up data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) study were used (N=476; with a 54% response rate)...
June 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Kira E Riehm, Eric Latimer, Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, Gonneke W J M Stevens, Geneviève Gariépy, Frank J Elgar
Background: Scant evidence exists on the relation between the availability of health professionals and adolescent health, and whether the size of the health workforce equally benefits adolescents across socioeconomic strata. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of adolescent health in 38 countries. Data from 218 790 adolescents were drawn from the 2013/2014 Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey. We used multilevel regression analyses to examine the association between the density of the health workforce and psychosomatic and mental health symptoms with differences in country wealth and income inequality controlled...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Julie-Anne Martyn, Jackie Scott, Jasper H van der Westhuyzen, Dale Spanhake, Sally Zanella, April Martin, Ruth Newby
Objective. Continuing education (CE) is essential for a healthcare workforce, but in regional areas of Australia there are challenges to providing and accessing relevant, reliable and low-cost opportunities. The aim of the present study was to collaborate with the local regional healthcare workforce to design, deliver and evaluate an interdisciplinary CE (ICE) program. Methods. A participatory action research (PAR) model combined with an appreciative inquiry (AI) framework was used to design, deliver and evaluate an ICE program...
June 12, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Angela A Aidala, Brittney Cavaliere, Samantha Cinnick
CONTEXT: A key component of the improvement of public health infrastructure in the United States revolves around public health workforce development and training. Workforce challenges faced by the public health system have long been recognized, but there are additional challenges facing any region-wide or cross-jurisdictional effort to accurately assess priority workforce training needs and develop training resources to address those needs. These challenges include structural variability of public health organizations; diverse population health contexts; capturing both topic-specific skill sets and foundational competencies among public health workers; and reaching/representing the target population despite suspicion, disinterest, and/or assessment "fatigue" among employees asked to participate in workforce development surveys...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Michelle Ko, Laura Wagner, Joanne Spetz
Health information technology (HIT) is increasingly adopted by nursing homes to improve safety, quality of care, and staff productivity. We examined processes of HIT implementation in nursing homes, impact on the nursing home workforce, and related evidence on quality of care. We conducted a literature review that yielded 46 research articles on nursing homes' implementation of HIT. To provide additional contemporary context to our findings from the literature review, we also conducted semistructured interviews and small focus groups of nursing home staff (n = 15) in the United States...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
R C Boocock, R K O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Post-graduate education and continuous professional development (CPD) within dietetics lack clearly defined pathways. The current literature primarily focuses on new graduate perceptions of workplace learning (WPL). The present study raises issues of how CPD is sustained throughout a National Health Service (NHS) career, how informal learning might be made more visible and whether the workplace withholds learning opportunities. METHODS: Qualified dietitians participated in focus groups (n = 32) and a nominal group technique (n = 24)...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Robin G Lorenz, Donald S Karcher, Michael D Gautreaux, Melvin Limson, Dani S Zander
There has been a recent recognition of the need to prepare PhD-trained scientists for increasingly diverse careers in academia, industry, and health care. The PhD Data Task Force was formed to better understand the current state of PhD scientists in the clinical laboratory workforce and collect up-to-date information on the training and certification of these laboratorians. In this report, we summarize the findings of the PhD Data Task Force and discuss the relevance of the data collected to the future supply of and demand for PhD clinical laboratory scientists...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
Leonie Segal, Sophie Guy, Matthew Leach, Aaron Groves, Catherine Turnbull, Gareth Furber
BACKGROUND: High-quality mental health services for infants, children, adolescents, and their families can improve outcomes for children exposed to early trauma. We sought to estimate the workforce needed to deliver tertiary-level community mental health care to all infants, children, adolescents, and their families in need using a generalisable model, applied to South Australia (SA). METHODS: Workforce estimates were determined using a workforce planning model...
June 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Nicholas M Kowalenko, Gordana Culjak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Lancet. Public Health
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