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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472128/educating-and-training-the-future-adolescent-health-workforce
#1
REVIEW
Patricia K Kokotailo, Valentina Baltag, Susan M Sawyer
Unprecedented attention is now focused on adolescents with growing appreciation of their disease burden and of the opportunities of investing in adolescent health. New investments are required to build the technical capacity for policy, programming, research, and clinical care across the world, especially in resource-poor settings where most adolescents live. Strategies to educate and train the future workforce are needed. Competency-based education and training is the standard of education in preservice (undergraduate and postgraduate) health education and medical specialty training...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471846/understanding-nurses-dual-practice-a-scoping-review-of-what-we-know-and-what-we-still-need-to-ask-on-nurses-holding-multiple-jobs
#2
REVIEW
Giuliano Russo, Inês Fronteira, Tiago Silva Jesus, James Buchan
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that holding multiple concurrent jobs in public and private (dual practice) is common among health workers in low- as well as high-income countries. Nurses are world's largest health professional workforce and a critical resource for achieving Universal Health Coverage. Nonetheless, little is known about nurses' engagement with dual practice. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of the literature on nurses' dual practice with the objective of generating hypotheses on its nature and consequences, and define a research agenda on the phenomenon...
February 22, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471836/differences-in-health-literacy-profiles-of-patients-admitted-to-a-public-and-a-private-hospital-in-melbourne-australia
#3
Rebecca L Jessup, Richard H Osborne, Alison Beauchamp, Allison Bourne, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Health literacy refers to an individual's ability to find, understand and use health information in order to promote and maintain health. An individual's health literacy may also be influenced by the way health care organisations deliver care. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hospital service type (public versus private) on individual health literacy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted using the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ), a multi-dimensional self-report instrument covering nine health literacy domains...
February 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471830/beyond-coverage-improving-the-quality-of-antenatal-care-delivery-through-integrated-mentorship-and-quality-improvement-at-health-centers-in-rural-rwanda
#4
Anatole Manzi, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Joseph Ntaganira, Hema Magge, Evariste Bigirimana, Leoncie Mukanzabikeshimana, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Inadequate antenatal care (ANC) can lead to missed diagnosis of danger signs or delayed referral to emergency obstetrical care, contributing to maternal mortality. In developing countries, ANC quality is often limited by skill and knowledge gaps of the health workforce. In 2011, the Mentorship, Enhanced Supervision for Healthcare and Quality Improvement (MESH-QI) program was implemented to strengthen providers' ANC performance at 21 rural health centers in Rwanda. We evaluated the effect of MESH-QI on the completeness of danger sign assessments...
February 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471510/moderator-s-view-low-protein-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-effectiveness-efficacy-and-precision-nutritional-treatments-in-nephrology
#5
Carmine Zoccali, Francesca Mallamaci
Intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses provide complementary information about the usefulness of therapies. While intention-to-treat analyses of trials that tested low-protein diets remain debated, per-protocol analyses of the same trials show that low protein intake actually reduces the risk of kidney failure. Per-protocol analyses are notoriously open to bias but intention-to-treat analyses are less immaculate than commonly realized because they critically depend on adherence to the treatment being tested and therefore may not be directly relevant for informing clinical decisions when different degrees of adherence to therapy occur...
February 19, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471461/gendered-pathways-to-burnout-results-from-the-salveo-study
#6
Nancy Beauregard, Alain Marchand, Jaunathan Bilodeau, Pierre Durand, Andrée Demers, Victor Y Haines
Aim: Burnout is a pervasive mental health problem in the workforce, with mounting evidence suggesting ties with occupational and safety outcomes such as work injuries, critical events and musculoskeletal disorders. While environmental [work and non-work, work-to-family conflict (WFC)] and individual (personality) pathways to burnout are well documented, little is known about how gender comes to influence such associative patterns. The aim of the study consisted in examining gendered pathways to burnout...
February 19, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471382/gendered-safety-and-health-risks-in-the-construction-trades
#7
Hannah M Curtis, Hendrika Meischke, Bert Stover, Nancy J Simcox, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Despite women's increased representation in the overall workforce, construction remains a male-dominated industry. Prior studies have noted that the hazardous workplace environment combined with a culture that can be discriminatory and openly hostile can threaten women workers' health and safety. However, little information exists about the current physical and psychosocial hazards at work affecting tradeswomen. Methods: We examined differences in workplace exposure between women and men, and the association of these exposures with self-reported stress and work injury, in order to highlight how gendered conditions of work negatively affect tradeswomen's health...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468724/a-roadmap-to-advance-dementia-research-in-prevention-diagnosis-intervention-and-care-by-2025
#8
James Pickett, Cathy Bird, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Carol Brayne, Katherine Cowan, Linda Clare, Adelina Comas-Herrera, Lynne Corner, Stephanie Daley, Martin Knapp, Louise Lafortune, Gill Livingston, Jill Manthorpe, Natalie Marchant, Jo Moriarty, Louise Robinson, Clare van Lynden, Gill Windle, Bob Woods, Katherine Gray, Clare Walton
OBJECTIVE: National and global dementia plans have focused on the research ambition to develop a cure or disease-modifying therapy by 2025, with the initial focus on investment in drug discovery approaches. We set out to develop complementary research ambitions in the areas of prevention, diagnosis, intervention, and care and strategies for achieving them. METHODS: Alzheimer's Society facilitated a taskforce of leading UK clinicians and researchers in dementia, UK funders of dementia research, people with dementia, and carer representatives to develop, using iterative consensus methodology, goals and recommendations to advance dementia research...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468669/racial-ethnic-differential-effects-of-medicaid-expansion-on-health-care-access
#9
Dahai Yue, Petra W Rasmussen, Ninez A Ponce
OBJECTIVE: To assess racial/ethnic differential impacts of the ACA's Medicaid expansion on low-income, nonelderly adults' access to primary care. DATA SOURCES: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, State Physicians Workforce Data Book, and Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2013 and 2015. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design with difference-in-differences analyses. Outcomes included health insurance coverage, having personal doctor(s), being unable to see doctors because of cost, and receiving a flu shot...
February 22, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468145/editorial-international-partnerships-for-strengthening-health-care-workforce-capacity-models-of-collaborative-education
#10
EDITORIAL
Jeanne Mahoney Leffers, Jennifer G Audette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468093/integration-of-health-coaching-concepts-and-skills-into-clinical-practice-among-vha-providers-a-qualitative-study
#11
David A Collins, Kirsten Thompson, Katharine A Atwood, Melissa H Abadi, David L Rychener, Leigh Ann Simmons
Background: Although studies of health coaching for behavior change in chronic disease prevention and management are increasing, to date no studies have reported on what concepts and skills providers integrate into their clinical practice following participation in health coaching courses. The purpose of this qualitative study was to assess Veterans Health Administration (VHA) providers' perceptions of the individual-level and system-level changes they observed after participating with colleagues in a 6-day Whole Health Coaching course held in 8 VHA medical centers nationwide...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468012/the-use-of-nutritional-guidance-within-chiropractic-patient-management-a-survey-of-333-chiropractors-from-the-acorn-practice-based-research-network
#12
Mi Kyung Lee, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, Vincenzo Cascioli, Jon Adams
Background: Food consumption and nutritional status affect an individual's health throughout their life-course and an unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for the current global burden of chronic disease. The promotion of health and good nutrition through healthy eating requires the active involvement of all health professionals including chiropractors. This paper reports findings from the first nationally representative examination of the use of nutritional guidance within chiropractic patient management in Australia...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463210/barriers-to-and-strategies-for-addressing-the-availability-accessibility-acceptability-and-quality-of-the-sexual-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-adolescent-health-workforce-addressing-the-post-2015-agenda
#13
Caroline S E Homer, Sofia Castro Lopes, Andrea Nove, Michaela Michel-Schuldt, Frances McConville, Nester T Moyo, Martha Bokosi, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender
BACKGROUND: In a post-2015 development agenda, achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) for women and newborns will require a fit-for-purpose and fit-to-practice sexual, reproductive, maternal, adolescent and newborn health (SRMNAH) workforce. The aim of this paper is to explore barriers, challenges and solutions to the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality (AAAQ) of SRMNAH services and workforce. METHODS: The State of the World's Midwifery report 2014 used a broad definition of midwifery ("the health services and health workforce needed to support and care for women and newborns") and provided information about a wide range of SRMNAH workers, including doctors, midwives, nurses and auxiliaries...
February 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461026/mental-health-services-for-older-adults-creating-a-system-that-tells-the-story
#14
Janet C Frank, Alixe McNeill, Nancy Wilson, Danielle Dupuy, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Alina Palimaru, Kathryn Kietzman
In 2004, voters in California approved Proposition 63 for passage of the Mental Health Services Act (MHSA). From that time until 2014, over $13 billion in the state's tax revenue was allocated for public mental health services. There is very little information available to answer critical questions such as these: How much of this amount was spent in the interests of older adult mental health? What benefits were gained from services delivered to older adults? This policy brief promotes recommendations for specific age-relevant indicator utilization and for an expanded system of uniform and transparent data for all types of MHSA-funded programs...
January 2018: Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461025/older-californians-and-the-mental-health-services-act-is-an-older-adult-system-of-care-supported
#15
Kathryn G Kietzman, Danielle Dupuy, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Alina Palimaru, Homero E del Pino, Janet C Frank
This policy brief summarizes findings from the first study to evaluate how California's public mental health delivery system has served older adults (60 years of age and over) since the passage of the Mental Health Services Act (MHSA) in 2004. Study findings indicate that there are unmet needs among older adults with mental illness in the public mental health delivery system. There are deficits in the involvement of older adults in the required MHSA planning processes and in outreach and service delivery, workforce development, and outcomes measurement and reporting...
January 2018: Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460227/do-frequent-exposures-to-threats-and-violence-at-work-affect-later-workforce-participation
#16
Karin Biering, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen, Annie Hogh, Johan Hviid Andersen
PURPOSE: Threats and violence at work are common problems in the human service sector. It can result in physical and psychological health symptoms. The aim of this study was to examine the association between exposure to threats and violence and workforce participation in four human service sectors. METHODS: 5170 employees answered questionnaires about threats and violence in 2010 and were followed in a register for public transfer incomes for 3.5 years to identify episodes of sick leave, general workforce participation, and permanent health-related benefits...
February 19, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459182/understanding-epidemiologists-who-serve-as-preceptors
#17
Jessica Arrazola, Gulzar Shah, Jeff Jones, Jingjing Yin, Elizabeth Harper
PURPOSE: This study describes factors associated with epidemiologists from state health departments (HDs) who served as preceptors. METHODS: We used the 2014 Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey, a national survey of state health agency workers, and selected those who identify their role in the organization as an epidemiologist and a state HD employee for analysis. Variables related to recruitment and retention were studied, and predictor variables were assessed...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458825/workforce-diversity-in-health-care-settings
#18
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457943/strategies-to-future-proof-and-enhance-the-nursing-workforce
#19
Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, University of Southampton, discusses a new initiative by Health Education England to address staffing challenges facing the health service.
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457929/growth-of-the-james-cook-university-medical-program-maintaining-quality-continuing-the-vision-developing-postgraduate-pathways
#20
Tarun Sen Gupta, Peter Johnson, Roy Rasalam, Richard Hays
BACKGROUND: James Cook University (JCU) enrolled its first cohort of 64 in 2000 into a 6-year undergraduate medical program aimed at producing graduates capable of meeting the needs of North Queensland, Australia, with a focus on rural, remote, Indigenous and tropical health. The school's 1465 graduates over 13 cohorts who have a pattern of practice likely to meet the region's health needs. The JCU course was the first new Australian medical program for 25 years. The number of Australian medical schools has since doubled, while enrollments have almost tripled...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
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