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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#1
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235372/strengthening-stakeholder-involvement-in-health-workforce-governance-why-we-need-to-talk-about-power
#2
Ellen Kuhlmann, Viola Burau
There is now widespread agreement on the benefits of an integrated, people-centred health workforce, but the implementation of new models is difficult. We argue that we need to think about stakeholders and power, if we want to ensure change in the health workforce. We discuss these issues from a governance perspective and suggest a critical approach to stakeholder involvement as an indicator of good governance. Three models of involving stakeholders in health workforce governance can be identified: corporatist professional involvement either in a continental European model of conservative corporatism or in a Nordic model of public corporatism; managerialist and market-centred involvement of professions as organizational agents; and a more inclusive, network-based involvement of plural professional experts at different levels of governance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233431/development-and-delivery-of-an-interdisciplinary-course-in-mobile-health-mhealth
#3
Brent I Fox, David A Umphress, Joshua C Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary practice is a primary focus within the United States health care system. Despite the existence of interdisciplinary educational efforts in pharmacy for many years, the practice only recently entered mainstream health care education. Informatics offers interdisciplinary educational opportunities. Mobile health (mHealth), an informatics sub-discipline, is the use of mobile devices for health and wellness activities. We used the mHealth domain as the context for an interdisciplinary learning experience for pharmacy and computer science and software engineering (CSSE) students...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232941/korean-rheumatology-workforce-from-1992-to-2015-current-status-and-future-demand
#4
Chan Uk Lee, Ji Na Kim, Ji-Won Kim, Sung-Hoon Park, Hwajeong Lee, Seong-Kyu Kim, Jung-Yoon Choe
Background/Aims: Rheumatology in Korea has rapidly advanced in the 24 years since the subspecialty board certification program was established in 1992. The objective of this investigation was to analyze the distribution of rheumatology practices in Korea in order to better understand the rheumatology workforce. Methods: Using a membership list from the Korean College of Rheumatology (KCR), we obtained information on practicing rheumatologists. We mapped the ratio of rheumatologists to the general population and to patients with rheumatologic disease using data from Statistics Korea and the 2015 Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (HIRA)...
December 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231955/musicians-are-high-consumers-of-complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-services-the-norwegian-musicians-health-project
#5
Jonas Vaag, Ottar Bjerkeset
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of analgesic medication and manual and alternative healthcare services among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce. METHODS: 1,607 musicians from the Norwegian Musicians' Union answered an online questionnaire about demographic characteristics, use of healthcare services, and use of medication. They were compared to a sample of the Norwegian workforce (n=2,610) from the Norwegian survey of level of living. Based on logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex and education, we compared the self-reported use of different forms of healthcare services and medication in musicians to the general workforce...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231837/the-primary-health-care-system-in-china
#6
REVIEW
Xi Li, Jiapeng Lu, Shuang Hu, K K Cheng, Jan De Maeseneer, Qingyue Meng, Elias Mossialos, Dong Roman Xu, Winnie Yip, Hongzhao Zhang, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang, Shengshou Hu
China has made remarkable progress in strengthening its primary health-care system. Nevertheless, the system still faces challenges in structural characteristics, incentives and policies, and quality of care, all of which diminish its preparedness to care for a fifth of the world's population, which is ageing and which has a growing prevalence of chronic non-communicable disease. These challenges include inadequate education and qualifications of its workforce, ageing and turnover of village doctors, fragmented health information technology systems, a paucity of digital data on everyday clinical practice, financial subsidies and incentives that do not encourage cost savings and good performance, insurance policies that hamper the efficiency of care delivery, an insufficient quality measurement and improvement system, and poor performance in the control of risk factors (such as hypertension and diabetes)...
December 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230972/the-choice-pilot-project-challenges-of-implementing-a-combined-peer-work-and-shared-decision-making-programme-in-an-early-intervention-service
#7
Magenta B Simmons, Dominiek Coates, Samantha Batchelor, Tara Dimopoulos-Bick, Deborah Howe
AIM: Youth participation is central to early intervention policy and quality frameworks. There is good evidence for peer support (individuals with lived experience helping other consumers) and shared decision making (involving consumers in making decisions about their own care) in adult settings. However, youth programs are rarely tested or described in detail. This report aims to fill this gap by describing a consumer focused intervention in an early intervention service. METHODS: This paper describes the development process, intervention content and implementation challenges of the Choices about Healthcare Options Informed by Client Experiences and Expectations (CHOICE) Pilot Project...
December 12, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230903/nurse-manager-succession-planning-a-cost-benefit-analysis
#8
Tracy Phillips, Jennifer L Evans, Stephanie Tooley, Maria R Shirey
AIM: This commentary presents a cost-benefit analysis to advocate for the use of succession planning to mitigate the problems ensuing from nurse manager turnover. BACKGROUND: An estimated 75% of nurse managers will leave the workforce by 2020. Many benefits are associated with proactively identifying and developing internal candidates. Fewer than 7% of health care organisations have implemented formal leadership succession planning programmes. EVALUATION: A cost-benefit analysis of a formal succession-planning programme from one hospital illustrates the benefits of the programme in their organisation and can be replicated easily...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230310/applying-systems-thinking-to-task-shifting-for-mental-health-using-lay-providers-a-review-of-the-evidence
#9
REVIEW
D Javadi, I Feldhaus, A Mancuso, A Ghaffar
Objective: This paper seeks to review the available evidence to determine whether a systems approach is employed in the implementation and evaluation of task shifting for mental health using lay providers in low- and middle-income countries, and to highlight system-wide effects of task-shifting strategies in order to better inform efforts to strength community mental health systems. Methods: Pubmed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. Articles were screened by two independent reviewers with a third reviewer resolving discrepancies...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228876/crossing-professional-cultures-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses-working-in-a-medical-school
#10
Eileen McKinlay, Peter Gallagher, Bernadette Jones, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow
BACKGROUND: Leaving the nursing workforce is often seen as a loss to the profession. However some nurses maintain a current nursing registration and work outside their disciplinary field within university schools of medicine. Little is known about the nature of their work and why they choose to work in this setting. AIM: To explore and describe the experiences of nurses who work in a medical school. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive informed by autoethnography...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227132/mental-illness-in-bwindi-uganda-understanding-stakeholder-perceptions-of-benefits-and-barriers-to-developing-a-community-based-mental-health-programme
#11
Kristen L Sessions, Lydia Wheeler, Arya Shah, Deenah Farrell, Edwin Agaba, Yusufu Kuule, Stephen P Merry
BACKGROUND: Mental illness has been increasingly recognised as a source of morbidity in low- and middle-income countries and significant treatment gaps exist worldwide. Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of task sharing through community-based treatment models for addressing international mental health issues. AIM: This paper aims to evaluate the perceptions of a wide range of mental health stakeholders in a Ugandan community regarding the benefits and barriers to developing a community-based mental health programme...
November 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225948/collecting-data-for-global-surgical-indicators-a-collaborative-approach-in-the-pacific-region
#12
REVIEW
Glenn Douglas Guest, Elizabeth McLeod, William R G Perry, Vilami Tangi, Joao Pedro, Ponifasio Ponifasio, Johnny Hedson, Jemesa Tudravu, Douglas Pikacha, Eric Vreede, Basil Leodoro, Noah Tapaua, James Kong, Bwabwa Oten, Deacon Teapa, Stephanie Korin, Leona Wilson, Samson Mesol, Kabiri Tuneti, John G Meara, David A Watters
In 2015, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) recommended six surgical metrics to enable countries to measure their surgical and anaesthesia care delivery. These indicators have subsequently been accepted by the World Bank for inclusion in the World Development Indicators. With support from the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Pacific Islands Surgical Association, 14 South Pacific countries collaborated to collect the first four of six LCoGS indicators. Thirteen countries collected all four indicators over a 6-month period from October 2015 to April 2016...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225436/perspective-late-stage-t4-translation-research-and-implementation-science-the-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-strategic-vision
#13
EDITORIAL
George A Mensah, Cheryl Anne Boyce, LeShawndra N Price, Helena O Mishoe, Michael M Engelgau
In August 2016, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) released its Strategic Vision for charting a course for research over the next decade. This vision was the culmination of an unprecedented process that engaged diverse stakeholders from across the United States and around the globe. The process resulted in four mission-oriented goals and eight strategic objectives that provide an overall framework for advancing research in heart, lung, and blood diseases and sleep disorders. In this perspective, we address opportunities that NHLBI has identified to advance late-stage (T4) translation research, implementation science, health inequities research, global health research, and related research workforce development...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#14
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221544/big-data-knowledge-in-global-health-education
#15
EDITORIAL
Olaniyi Olayinka, Michele Kekeh, Manasi Sheth-Chandra, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The ability to synthesize and analyze massive amounts of data is critical to the success of organizations, including those that involve global health. As countries become highly interconnected, increasing the risk for pandemics and outbreaks, the demand for big data is likely to increase. This requires a global health workforce that is trained in the effective use of big data. To assess implementation of big data training in global health, we conducted a pilot survey of members of the Consortium of Universities of Global Health...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#16
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219880/the-health-information-technology-competencies-tool-does-it-translate-for-nursing-informatics-in-the-united-states
#17
Carolyn Sipes, Kathleen Hunter, Dee McGonigle, Karen West, Taryn Hill, Toni Hebda
Information technology use in healthcare delivery mandates a prepared workforce. The initial Health Information Technology Competencies tool resulted from a 2-year transatlantic effort by experts from the US and European Union to identify approaches to develop skills and knowledge needed by healthcare workers. It was determined that competencies must be identified before strategies are established, resulting in a searchable database of more than 1000 competencies representing five domains, five skill levels, and more than 250 roles...
December 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218958/factors-contributing-to-nursing-team-work-in-an-acute-care-tertiary-hospital
#18
Suzanne Polis, Megan Higgs, Vicki Manning, Gayle Netto, Ritin Fernandez
Background: Effective nursing teamwork is an essential component of quality health care and patient safety. Understanding which factors foster team work ensures teamwork qualities are cultivated and sustained. Objective: This study aims to investigate which factors are associated with team work in an Australian acute care tertiary hospital across all inpatient and outpatient settings. Methods: All nurses and midwives rostered to inpatient and outpatient wards in an acute care 600 bed hospital in Sydney Australia were invited to participate in a cross sectional survey between September to October 2013...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218919/the-diversity-and-disparity-in-biomedical-informatics-ddbi-workshop
#19
William M Southerland, S Joshua Swamidass, Philip R O Payne, Laura Wiley, ClarLynda Williams-DeVane
The Diversity and Disparity in Biomedical Informatics (DDBI) workshop will be focused on complementary and critical issues concerned with enhancing diversity in the informatics workforce as well as diversity in patient cohorts. According to the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the NIH, diversity refers to the inclusion of the following traditionally underrepresented groups: African Americans/Blacks, Asians (>30 countries), American Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Latino or Hispanic (20 countries)...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217501/a-peer-led-electronic-mental-health-recovery-app-in-an-adult-mental-health-service-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#20
Amelia Gulliver, Michelle Banfield, Julia Reynolds, Sarah Miller, Connie Galati, Alyssa R Morse
BACKGROUND: There is growing demand for peer workers (people who use their own lived experience to support others in their recovery) to work alongside consumers to improve outcomes and recovery. Augmenting the workforce with peer workers has strong capacity to enhance mental health and recovery outcomes and make a positive contribution to the workforce within mental health systems and to the peer workers themselves. Technology-based applications are highly engaging and desirable methods of service delivery...
December 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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