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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525513/an-observational-assessment-of-anesthesia-capacity-in-madagascar-as-a-prerequisite-to-the-development-of-a-national-surgical-plan
#1
Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina A Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina N Rakotoarison, Alison Herbert, Emily Bruno, Kristin L Close, Vanessa Andean, Hery H Andriamanjato, Mark G Shrime, Michelle C White
BACKGROUND: The global lack of anesthesia capacity is well described, but country-specific data are needed to provide country-specific solutions. We aimed to assess anesthesia capacity in Madagascar as part of the development of a Ministry of Health national surgical plan. METHODS: As part of a nationwide surgical safety quality improvement project, we surveyed 19 of 22 regional hospitals, representing surgical facilities caring for 75% of the total population. The assessment was divided into 3 areas: anesthesia workforce density, infrastructure and equipment, and medications...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525294/the-cambia-sojourns-scholars-leadership-program-conversations-with-emerging-leaders-in-palliative-care
#2
Dulce M Cruz-Oliver, Rachelle Bernacki, Zara Cooper, Corita Grudzen, Seiko Izumi, Deborah Lafond, Daniel Lam, Thomas W LeBlanc, Jennifer Tjia, Jennifer Walter
BACKGROUND: There is a pressing workforce shortage and leadership scarcity in palliative care to adequately meet the demands of individuals with serious illness and their families. To address this gap, the Cambia Health Foundation launched its Sojourns Scholars Leadership Program in 2014, an initiative designed to identify, cultivate, and advance the next generation of palliative care leaders. This report intends to summarize the second cohort of Sojourns Scholars' projects and their reflection on their leadership needs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525252/-medical-supply-planning-dynamic-registry-of-physicians-sixth-reform-of-the-state-and-numerus-clausus
#3
N Benahmed, A De Wever, M Pirson
INTRODUCTION: The last few years have seen major changes in the Belgian medical planning. The paper aims to describe them and to assess how they will affect the medical demography. METHOD: Grey literature review and federal and federated entities legislation summary. RESULTS: A new dynamic register allows a better knowledge of medical workforce in all sectors of labour market. Recent legislation evolutions induce fragmentation of competences related to human resource for health planning : federal authorities are responsive for the fixation of number of GP and specialists and community authorities for registration of health professionals and fixation of sub-quotas in different branches of specialised medicine...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#4
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516347/uniting-the-pre-health-humanities-with-the-introductory-composition-course
#5
Amy Rubens
Drawing on my experiences at a teaching-focused university, I show how locating the health humanities in first-year or introductory composition courses improves learning and offers an economical, flexible, and far-reaching approach to bringing a health humanities education to all baccalaureate-level learners, regardless of whether they aspire to careers in the health professions. In terms of improving learning, health humanities composition courses support the disciplinary aims of both fields. Accessible, relevant issues in the health humanities, such as interventions in health debates or representations of illness and healthcare settings, nourish the cognitive and social conditions needed to develop college-level writing skills...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514641/mapping-workforce-configuration-and-operational-models-in-australian-emergency-departments-a-national-survey
#6
Glenn Gardner, Anne Gardner, Sandy Middleton, Julie Considine, Gerard Fitzgerald, Luke Christofis, Anna Doubrovsky, Margaret Adams, Jane O'Connell
Objective Hospital emergency departments (ED) in Australia and internationally have been experiencing increased demand, resulting in reduced hospital quality, impaired access and adverse health outcomes. Effective evaluation of new ED service models and their effect on outcomes is reliant on baseline measures of the staffing configuration and organisational characteristics of the EDs being studied. The aim of the present study was to comprehensively measure these variables in Australian EDs.Methods Australian hospital EDs with 24-h medical and nursing cover were identified and invited to participate in the study...
May 18, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514230/causes-of-death-of-residents-in-acgme-accredited-programs-2000-through-2014-implications-for-the-learning-environment
#7
Nicholas A Yaghmour, Timothy P Brigham, Thomas Richter, Rebecca S Miller, Ingrid Philibert, DeWitt C Baldwin, Thomas J Nasca
PURPOSE: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. METHOD: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents reported as deceased were submitted to the National Death Index to learn causes of death...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514025/acute-joint-pain-in-the-emerging-green-collar-workforce-evidence-from-the-linked-national-health-interview-survey-and-occupational-information-network-o-net
#8
Samuel R Huntley, David J Lee, William G LeBlanc, Kristopher L Arheart, Laura A McClure, Lora E Fleming, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
BACKGROUND: Green jobs are a rapidly emerging category of very heterogeneous occupations that typically involve engagement with new technologies and changing job demands predisposing them to physical stressors that may contribute to the development of joint pain. METHODS: We estimated and compared the prevalence of self-reported acute (past 30 days) joint pain between green and non-green collar workers using pooled 2004-2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data linked to the Occupational Information Network Database (O*NET)...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511239/-importance-of-work-and-employment-in-the-treatment-of-people-with-mental-illness
#9
Uta Gühne, Janine Stein, Michaela Schwarzbach, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
Exclusion of individuals with mental disorders is common, especially exclusion from the work force. This paper investigates the role of work and the reintegration into the workforce of patients with mental illness from the mental health professional's perspective. Within a qualitative study design, 44 mental health professionals from different settings and regions in Germany were interviewed. The material was transcribed verbatim and a content analysis was conducted. It can be shown that work and inclusion in the workforce is an important topic and that occupational status is discussed early in the treatment process...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510464/a-stakeholder-perspective-on-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetic-retinopathy-care-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#10
Marzieh Katibeh, Masumeh Kalantarion, Silvio Paolo Mariotti, Sare Safi, Saeid Shahraz, Per Kallestrup, Saeed Rahmani, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Alireza Mahdavi, Hamid Ahmadieh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the national health system for management of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Iran, with particular focus on diabetic retinopathy (DR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this qualitative study, the national stakeholders related to DR and DM management system were invited to participate. Two researchers performed interview using a semi-structured questionnaire recommended by the World Health Organization titled "Tool for Assessment of Diabetic Retinopathy and DM Management Systems"...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509719/the-importance-of-factors-related-to-nurse-retention-using-the-baptist-health-nurse-retention-questionnaire-part-2
#11
Andrew Bugajski, Alex Lengerich, Matthew Marchese, Brittany Hall, Susan Yackzan, Claire Davies, Dorothy Brockopp
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the importance of factors related to nurse retention. BACKGROUND: Retaining nurses within the healthcare system is a challenge for hospital administrators. Understanding factors important to nurse retention is essential. METHODS: Responses of nurses (n = 279) to the Baptist Health Nurse Retention Questionnaire (BHNRQ) at a 391-bed Magnet® redesignated community hospital were analyzed to explore differences in importance scores of bedside nurses...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509518/the-dental-public-health-implications-of-cosmetic-dentistry-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#12
J Doughty, R Lala, Z Marshman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of cosmetic surgery has seen a rapid increase recently, with the trend mirrored in dentistry. The Department of Health expressed concerns about the potential for biological and psychosocial harm of these cosmetic procedures. Furthermore, the dental public health implications (DPH) of the growing uptake of cosmetic dental procedures have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a scoping review to explore the DPH implications of cosmetic dentistry and identify gaps for future research...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508140/the-state-and-future-of-the-primary-care-behavioral-health-model-of-service-delivery-workforce
#13
Neftali Serrano, Colleen Cordes, Barbara Cubic, Suzanne Daub
The growth of the Primary Care Behavioral Health model (PCBH) nationally has highlighted and created a workforce development challenge given that most mental health professionals are not trained for primary care specialization. This work provides a review of the current efforts to retrain mental health professionals to fulfill roles as Behavioral Health Consultants (BHCs) including certificate programs, technical assistance programs, literature and on-the-job training, as well as detail the future needs of the workforce if the model is to sustainably proliferate...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506377/beyond-the-pgy-1-community-pharmacy-residency-characterizing-career-pathways-of-residency-graduates
#14
Monet M Stanford, Sarah M Oprinovich, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVE: To characterize positions obtained upon graduation from Community Pharmacy Residency Programs (CPRPs). DESIGN: Descriptive nonexperimental study; online cross-sectional survey. SETTING: United States, February to April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-three community pharmacy residency program alumni. INTERVENTION: CPRP alumni identified by past program directors were surveyed using 3 contact attempts...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506017/prevalence-of-serious-psychological-distress-among-slaughterhouse-workers-at-a-united-states-beef-packing-plant
#15
Jessica H Leibler, Patricia A Janulewicz, Melissa J Perry
BACKGROUND: Workers in the animal slaughter and processing industry in the United States experience high rates of occupational injury as well as stressful work conditions, yet mental health in this workforce remains largely unstudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a sample of industrial US slaughterhouse workers. PARTICIPANTS: Workers at an industrial beef packing plant in Nebraska, United States (n = 137)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504785/addressing-noncommunicable-diseases-in-primary-care-the-case-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
K M Narayan, E C Rhodes
The rapid growth of noncommunicable diseases represents a formidable global health challenge. Here we use type 2 diabetes as a case study to illustrate the rise of noncommunicable diseases and call attention to the important role of primary care systems in addressing these diseases in low- and middle-income countries. Comprehensive screening for diabetes should be implemented through primary care systems to increase early detection of prediabetes and undiagnosed diabetes - a first step to diabetes prevention and management...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504070/adverse-effects-on-health-and-wellbeing-of-working-as-a-doctor-views-of-the-uk-medical-graduates-of-1974-and-1977-surveyed-in-2014
#17
Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
Objective To report on any adverse effects on health and wellbeing of working as a doctor, as described by senior doctors. Design Questionnaires sent in 2014 to all medical graduates of 1974 and 1977. Participants 3695 UK medical graduates. Setting United Kingdom. Main outcome measures Statements about adverse effects upon health, wellbeing and career. Results The aggregated response rate from contactable doctors was 84.6% (3695/4369). In response to the question 'Do you feel that working as a doctor has had any adverse effects on your own health or wellbeing?', 44% of doctors answered 'yes'...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503310/individual-capacity-building-approaches-in-a-global-pharmaceutical-systems-strengthening-program-a-selected-review
#18
Niranjan Konduri, Megan Rauscher, Shiou-Chu Judy Wang, Tanya Malpica-Llanos
BACKGROUND: Medicines use related challenges such as inadequate adherence, high levels of antimicrobial resistance and preventable adverse drug reactions have underscored the need to incorporate pharmaceutical services to help achieve desired treatment outcomes, and protect patients from inappropriate use of medicines. This situation is further constrained by insufficient numbers of pharmaceutical personnel and inappropriate skill mix. Studies have addressed individual capacity building approaches of logistics, supply chain or disease specific interventions but few have documented those involving such pharmacy assistants/professionals, or health workers/professionals charged with improving access and provision of pharmaceutical services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502249/psychiatric-mental-health-nursing-advanced-practice-workforce-capacity-to-address-shortages-of-mental-health-professionals
#19
Kathleen R Delaney
There is a recognized shortage of mental health professionals licensed to provide the full scope of mental health services, including assessment, diagnosis, and prescribing. Psychiatric mental health advanced practice nurses (PMH APNs) have the education and licensure to provide these services, address provider shortages and increase access to services. Unfortunately, federal reports and mental health workforce studies inaccurately depict important characteristics of PMH APNs, particularly their scope of practice, a situation that creates misunderstanding and impedes workforce planning...
May 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501372/exploring-global-recognition-of-quality-midwifery-education-vision-or-fiction
#20
Ans Luyben, Mary Barger, Melissa Avery, Kuldip Kaur Bharj, Rhona O'Connell, Valerie Fleming, Joyce Thompson, Della Sherratt
BACKGROUND: Midwifery education is the foundation for preparing competent midwives to provide a high standard of safe, evidence-based care for women and their newborns. Global competencies and standards for midwifery education have been defined as benchmarks for establishing quality midwifery education and practice worldwide. However, wide variations in type and nature of midwifery education programs exist. AIM: To explore and discuss the opportunities and challenges of a global quality assurance process as a strategy to promote quality midwifery education...
May 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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