keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low birth weight

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088620/relations-between-neighbourhood-socioeconomic-status-and-birth-outcomes-are-mediated-by-maternal-weight
#1
Zahra M Clayborne, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Rhonda C Bell, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen
Lower neighbourhood-level socioeconomic status (SES) has been repeatedly associated with an increased risk of adverse birth outcomes, even after controlling for individual-level SES. Few studies have empirically assessed potential mechanisms underlying the associations. The objectives of this study were to (1) examine relations between neighbourhood SES and birth outcomes, and (2) explore if maternal weight variables mediated these relations. Data came from a provincial prospective pregnancy cohort study in Canada...
December 29, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088242/differences-in-spatial-distributions-of-iron-supplementation-use-among-pregnant-women-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-national-population-based-survey
#2
Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar, Yihunie Lakew
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the spatial variations and associated factors of iron supplementation during pregnancy using the 2011 national demographic and health survey data. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087725/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-extremely-low-birthweight-infants-randomised-to-different-pco2-targets-the-phelbi-follow-up-study
#3
Ulrich H Thome, Orsolya Genzel-Boroviczeny, Bettina Bohnhorst, Manuel Schmid, Hans Fuchs, Oliver Rohde, Stefan Avenarius, Hans-Georg Topf, Andrea Zimmermann, Dirk Faas, Katharina Timme, Barbara Kleinlein, Horst Buxmann, Wilfried Schenk, Hugo Segerer, Norbert Teig, Annett Bläser, Roland Hentschel, Matthias Heckmann, Rolf Schlösser, Jochen Peters, Rainer Rossi, Wolfgang Rascher, Ralf Böttger, Jürgen Seidenberg, Gesine Hansen, Maria Zernickel, Harald Bode, Jens Dreyhaupt, Rainer Muche, Helmut D Hummler
BACKGROUND: Tolerating higher partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PCO2) in mechanically ventilated extremely low birthweight infants to reduce ventilator-induced lung injury may have long-term neurodevelopmental side effects. This study analyses the results of neurodevelopmental follow-up of infants enrolled in a randomised multicentre trial. METHODS: Infants (n=359) between 400 and 1000 g birth weight and 23 0/7-28 6/7 weeks gestational age who required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation within 24 hours of birth were randomly assigned to high PCO2 or to a control group with mildly elevated PCO2 targets...
January 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086969/multicenter-neonatal-databases-trends-in-research-uses
#4
Liza M Creel, Sean Gregory, Catherine J McNeal, Madhava R Beeram, David R Krauss
BACKGROUND: In the US, approximately 12.7% of all live births are preterm, 8.2% of live births were low birth weight (LBW), and 1.5% are very low birth weight (VLBW). Although technological advances have improved mortality rates among preterm and LBW infants, improving overall rates of prematurity and LBW remains a national priority. Monitoring short- and long-term outcomes is critical for advancing medical treatment and minimizing morbidities associated with prematurity or LBW; however, studying these infants can be challenging...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086763/the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-infants-with-cleft-palate-and-or-lip-at-a-hospital-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges, Martin Situma
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study done on infants with CP+/-L and their caretakers admitted between November 2013 and October 2014 at CoRSU hospital which was the study setting. A questionnaire was answered by the infants' caretakers. The main outcome measure, malnutrition was defined and classified based on Z-scores obtained using the W...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081574/gstp1-and-cyp2b6-genetic-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-neonates
#6
Sophia Zachaki, Aggeliki Daraki, Elena Polycarpou, Chrysa Stavropoulou, Kalliopi N Manola, Stavroula Gavrili
Objectives Antioxidant response plays a key role in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) pathogenesis. The glutathione-S-tranferases pi 1 (GSTP1) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) detoxification enzymes protect cells from oxidative damage. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the A(313)G GSTP1 and G(516)T CYP2B6 inactivating polymorphisms could be associated with BPD susceptibility. Study Design To test this hypothesis, we conducted a case-control study enrolled 138 premature neonates ≤32 weeks of gestational age; of the 138, 46 developed BPD and 92 did not develop BPD...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081150/the-association-of-birth-weight-and-infant-growth-with-energy-balance-related-behavior-a-systematic-review-and-best-evidence-synthesis-of-human-studies
#7
Arend W van Deutekom, Mai J M Chinapaw, Elise P Jansma, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Reinoud J B J Gemke
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal prenatal and early postnatal growths are associated with obesity in later life, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature that reports on the longitudinal association of (i) birth size or (ii) infant growth with later (i) energy intake, (ii) eating behaviors, (iii) physical activity or (iv) sedentary behavior in humans. METHODS: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library was conducted to identify relevant publications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081048/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-common-childhood-infections-in-south-african-hiv-exposed-uninfected-and-hiv-unexposed-infants
#8
Amy L Slogrove, Monika M Esser, Mark F Cotton, David P Speert, Tobias R Kollmann, Joel Singer, Julie A Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Much evidence of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infant infectious morbidity predates availability of maternal combination antiretroviral therapy and does not control for universal risk factors (preterm birth, low birth weight, suboptimal breastfeeding and poverty). METHODS: This prospective cohort study identified HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers and their newborns from South African community midwife unit. The primary outcome, infectious cause hospitalization or death before 6 months of age, was compared between HEU and HIV-unexposed (HU) infants and classified for type and severity using validated study-specific case definitions...
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079866/outcomes-of-twin-pregnancies-complicated-by-gestational-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
R T McGrath, S L Hocking, E S Scott, S K Seeho, G R Fulcher, S J Glastras
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in singleton pregnancy is associated with large for gestational age neonates and adverse perinatal outcomes; however, the impact of GDM in twin pregnancy is unclear. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies complicated by GDM by performing a meta-analysis of observational studies. STUDY DESIGN: Studies investigating GDM in twin pregnancy were identified through an online search of three databases: Medline, Embase and Web of Science...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079768/interpregnancy-interval-after-termination-of-pregnancy-and-the-risks-of-adverse-outcomes-in-subsequent-birth
#10
Jaana Männistö, Aini Bloigu, Mika Gissler, Oskari Heikinheimo, Maarit Niinimäki
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the length of the interpregnancy interval after termination of pregnancy influences the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small-for-gestational-age neonates in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: In this register-based study, we included all women (N=19,894) who underwent termination of pregnancy between 2000 and 2009 and whose subsequent pregnancy ended in live singleton delivery. The women were divided into five groups depending on the interpregnancy interval between termination of pregnancy and subsequent conception: interpregnancy interval less than 6 months (n=2,956), 6 to less than 12 months (n=3,203), 12 to less than 18 months (n=2,623), 18 to less than 24 months (n=2,076), and 24 months or greater (n=9,036)...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078817/birth-of-puppies-of-predetermined-sex-after-artificial-insemination-with-a-low-number-of-sex-sorted-frozen-thawed-spermatozoa-in-field-conditions
#11
Yun-Fang Wei, Fang-Liang Chen, Shu-Sheng Tang, Ai-Guo Mao, Li-Guang Li, Lu-Guang Cheng, Chao Chen, Fei-Xiang Li, Bin Wang, Tao Xu, Yue-Jun Zhang, Jing Li, Jiu-Sheng Wan
The aim of this study was to evaluate fertility and sex ratios after artificial insemination in dogs under field conditions. Semen was cryopreserved as unsorted (control) or was separated into X- and Y-chromosome-bearing sperm using a cell sorter. Sixty female dogs were inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa of 100 × 10(6) unsorted (a dose in practice) and 4 × 10(6) sorted (X and Y group, respectively). A total of 20 dogs became pregnant and 126 puppies were born from the three groups. The percentage of parturition was similar for the X (5/20; 25...
January 11, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077740/the-jarisch-herxheimer-reaction-after-antibiotic-treatment-of-spirochetal-infections-a-review-of-recent-cases-and-our-understanding-of-pathogenesis
#12
REVIEW
Thomas Butler
Within 24 hours after antibiotic treatment of the spirochetal infections syphilis, Lyme disease, leptospirosis, and relapsing fever (RF), patients experience shaking chills, a rise in temperature, and intensification of skin rashes known as the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (JHR) with symptoms resolving a few hours later. Case reports indicate that the JHR can also include uterine contractions in pregnancy, worsening liver and renal function, acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocardial injury, hypotension, meningitis, alterations in consciousness, seizures, and strokes...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077516/early-onset-invasive-candidiasis-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-perinatal-acquisition-predicts-poor-outcome
#13
Michelle Barton, Alex Shen, Karel O'Brien, Joan L Robinson, H Dele Davies, Kim Simpson, Elizabeth Asztalos, Joanne Langley, Nicole Le Saux, Reginald Sauve, Anne Synnes, Ben Tan, Louis de Repentigny, Earl Rubin, Chuck Hui, Lajos Kovacs, Yvonne Cw Yau, Susan E Richardson
BACKGROUND: Neonatal invasive candidiasis (IC)presenting in the first week of life is less common and less well described than later onset IC. Risk factors, clinical features and disease outcomeshave not been studied in early onset disease (EOD, ≤7d) or compared to late onset disease (LOD, >7d). METHODS: All extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000g) cases with IC and controls froma multicentre study of neonatal candidiasisenrolledfrom 2001 to 2003were included in this study...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074825/goldenhar-syndrome-cardiac-anesthesiologist-s-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Minati Choudhury, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor
Goldenhar syndrome or oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia was defined by Goldenhar in 1952 and redefined by Grolin et al. later. As the name denotes, children with this syndrome present with craniofacial and vertebral anomalies which increase the risk of airway compromise. Neonates and infants with this syndrome often have premature internal organs, low birth weight, and airway disorders. For this reason, safe anesthesia in such infants requires a complete knowledge regarding metabolism and side effects of the drugs...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070654/anesthesia-management-of-cesarean-section-in-parturient-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-case-report
#15
Zhimin Liao, Xiaoqin Jiang, Juan Ni
A 24-year-old woman at 29 weeks' gestation, and with psychiatric symptoms, was admitted to hospital and diagnosed as having anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. After 4 weeks of immunotherapy with little effect, an emergency cesarean section was performed at 33(+4) weeks gestation under general anesthesia. The parturient was intubated after rapid sequence induction with etomidate, remifentanil and succinylcholine. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil. Except for low weight, the infant was normal at birth...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070463/impact-of-birth-weight-and-postnatal-diet-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-young-adult-guinea-pigs
#16
Kait Al, Ousseynou Sarr, Kristyn Dunlop, Gregory B Gloor, Gregor Reid, Jeremy Burton, Timothy R H Regnault
BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota is essential to metabolic health, and the prevalence of the Western diet (WD) high in fat and sugar is increasing, with evidence highlighting a negative interaction between the GIT and WD, resulting in liver dysfunction. Additionally, an adverse in utero environment such as placental insufficiency resulting in low birth weight (LBW) offspring, contributes to an increased risk of metabolic diseases such as fatty liver infiltration and liver dysfunction in later life...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068596/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-low-dose-aspirin-and-omega-3-in-treatment-of-asymmetrically-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Mohammed K Ali, Maggy E Amin, Ahmed F Amin, Diaa Eldeen M Abd El Aal
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of aspirin and omega 3 on fetal weight as well as feto-maternal blood flow in asymmetrical intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). STUDY DESIGN: This study is a clinically registered (NCT02696577), open, parallel, randomized controlled trial, conducted at Assiut Woman's Health Hospital, Egypt including 80 pregnant women (28-30 weeks) with IUGR. They were randomized either to group I: aspirin or group II: aspirin plus omega 3. The primary outcome was the fetal weight after 6 weeks of treatment...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068533/the-weight-of-inequalities-duration-of-residence-and-offspring-s-birthweight-among-migrant-mothers-in-sweden
#18
Sol P Juárez, Anders Hjern
In this study we assessed the effect duration of residence on the association between maternal origin and birthweight in Sweden. Considering sibling information, we also investigated how far the presence or lack of such an effect could be biased by the use of cross-sectional data, since there may be a selection among those mothers who decide to have a child soon after moving to the country (e.g. those with a more stable family situation). Using the Swedish Medical Birth Register for the period 1992-2012, we performed linear and multinomial regressions, multilevel linear regressions, and random effect meta-analysis...
December 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068438/variation-in-performance-of-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-the-united-states
#19
Jeffrey D Horbar, Erika M Edwards, Lucy T Greenberg, Kate A Morrow, Roger F Soll, Madge E Buus-Frank, Jeffrey S Buzas
Importance: Hospitals use rates from the best quartile or decile as benchmarks for quality improvement aims, but to what extent these aims are achievable is uncertain. Objective: To determine the proportion of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 2014 that achieved rates for death and major morbidities as low as the shrunken adjusted rates from the best quartile and decile in 2005 and the time it took to achieve those rates. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 408 164 infants with a birth weight of 501 to 1500 g born from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, and cared for at 756 Vermont Oxford Network member NICUs in the United States were evaluated...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067083/-examination-of-psychomotor-development-in-relation-to-social-environmental-factors-in-preterm-children-at-2-years-old
#20
Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The development of children born prematurely is an important aspect in public health, because preterm birth rates are not decreasing with the development of medical sciences. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children related to potentially influencing environmental factors. METHOD: Children born below 2.500 grams at the age of two (n = 75). Psychomotor development, quality of home environment, socio-demographic background were measured...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
keyword
keyword
11085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"