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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140872/an-experimental-investigation-of-implicit-hiv-and-prep-stigma-evidence-for-ancillary-benefits-of-prep-use
#1
Sarit A Golub, Corina Lelutiu-Weinberger, Anthony Surace
BACKGROUND: PrEP stigma (i.e., negative attitudes toward PrEP users) has been widely documented and is considered a significant barrier to implementation. However, few studies have examined PrEP stigma using implicit measures designed to reduce demand characteristics in responding. This study examined implicit PrEP- and HIV-related stigma among gay and bisexual men using geospatial social networking applications (i.e., "hookup apps"). METHODS: Participants were presented with four simulated online profiles (pre-tested for comparability) paired with each of the following characteristics: HIV-negative, HIV-positive, on PrEP, or Substance User...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#2
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138407/spirometry-is-not-enough-to-diagnose-copd-in-epidemiological-studies-a-follow-up-study
#3
Elena Andreeva, Marina Pokhaznikova, Anatoly Lebedev, Irina Moiseeva, Olga Kuznetsova, Jean-Marie Degryse
A hallmark of the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the measurement of post-bronchodilator (post-BD) airflow obstruction (AO) by spirometry, but spirometry is not enough for the provision of a clinical diagnosis. In the majority of previous epidemiological studies, COPD diagnosis has been based on spirometry and a few clinical characteristics. The aim of our study was to identify outcomes in patients newly diagnosed with airflow obstruction (AO) based on a diagnostic work-up conducted as part of a population-based cross-sectional study in North-Western Russia...
November 14, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137903/implementation-of-alere-i-influenza-a-b-point-of-care-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-influenza-in-an-emergency-department
#4
E Trabattoni, V Le, B Pilmis, G Pean de Ponfilly, C Caisso, C Couzigou, B Vidal, A Mizrahi, O Ganansia, A Le Monnier, B Lina, J C Nguyen Van
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of implementing rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) with the Alere i Influenza A & B in an emergency department (ED) during an influenza epidemic. METHODS: Direct nasal swabs were prospectively collected following the physical examination of patients aged >18years who presented to the ED of a tertiary hospital in France with influenza-like illness (ILI) symptoms (N=301) between February 1st and March 31st, 2016, which coincided with an influenza epidemic...
October 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137902/effects-of-opioid-medications-on-cognitive-skills-among-emergency-department-patients
#5
Catherine A Marco, Dennis Mann, Jordan Rasp, Michael Ballester, Oswald Perkins, Michael B Holbrook, Kyle Rako
INTRODUCTION: Treatment for pain and related conditions has been identified as the most common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits. Concerns exist regarding the effects of opioid pain medications on cognition and patient ability to consent for procedures, hospital admission, or to refuse recommended medical interventions. This study was undertaken to identify cognitive skills before and after opioid pain medication in the ED setting. METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing performance on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and after administration of opioid pain medications...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#6
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136514/rejection-sensitivity-interpersonal-rejection-and-attention-for-emotional-facial-expressions
#7
Morganne A Kraines, Lucas J A Kelberer, Tony T Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rejection sensitivity (RS), attention for depression-relevant stimuli, and interpersonal rejection are established risk factors for depression. RS has previously been associated with increased attention for socially threatening faces, but has not been examined in the context of specifically depression-relevant stimuli. The current study examined whether RS influences attention for emotional facial expressions in the context of social rejection or inclusion. METHODS: Participants (n = 180) completed a self-report measure of RS and a free viewing eye tracking task before and after an experimental task (Cyberball) in which participants were randomized to be included or rejected...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#8
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135352/the-effectiveness-of-daily-behavior-report-cards-for-children-with-adhd-a-meta-analysis
#9
Michelle Iznardo, Maria A Rogers, Robert J Volpe, Patrick R Labelle, Philippe Robaey
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined group-design studies investigating the effectiveness of Daily Behavior Report Cards (DBRC) as a school-based intervention to manage the classroom behavior of students with ADHD. METHODS: A search of three article databases (PsycINFO, ERIC and Medline) identified seven group design evaluations of DBRC interventions. This meta-analysis included a total of 272 participants, with an average age of 7.9 years old. Three of the studies compared a control group to a treatment group with randomized group assignment, one study compared a control group to three treatment groups, two studies compared pre-and post-treatment scores in the same group, and one study compared pre-and post-treatment results of two intervention groups without random assignment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135322/retinal-structure-in-pre-clinical-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
S Nusinowitz, Y Wang, P Kim, S Habib, R Baron, Y Conley, M Gorin
PURPOSE: To determine, if there are identifiable retinal structural changes associated with genetic risk for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three subjects (range 51.5 to 68.9 years) participated in this prospective study. Subjects were recruited based on the presence of a family history of AMD in one or both parents. All participants underwent a complete ophthalmic exam and imagery for staging of disease severity and genetic testing to assess genetic risk for AMD development...
November 14, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134922/exploring-the-relationship-between-postmigratory-stressors-and-mental-health-for-asylum-seekers-and-refused-asylum-seekers-in-the-uk
#11
Gareth Morgan, Steve Melluish, Alice Welham
Numerous studies have linked the high rates of traumatic events experienced by refugees to the elevated rate of mental health problems in these populations. A growing body of evidence has also highlighted the importance of considering postmigratory stressors when making sense of displaced person distress. This study explored the relationship between mental health and postmigratory stress for asylum seekers and refused asylum seekers in Britain. The study further examined if those refused asylum experienced elevated distress and postmigratory stress compared to those awaiting the outcome of asylum applications...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134047/middle-and-elementary-school-students-changes-in-self-determined-motivation-in-a-basketball-unit-taught-using-the-tactical-games-model
#12
Stephen Harvey, Alexander Gil-Arias, Megan Lorraine Smith, Lindsey Rachel Smith
Studies examining student motivation levels suggest that this is a significant factor in students' engagement in physical education and may be positively affected when teachers employ alternative pedagogical models such as game-centered approaches (GCAs). The aim of this study was to investigate changes in self-determined motivation of students as they participated in a GCA-basketball unit taught using the Tactical Games Model (TGM). Participants were 173 students (84 girls), 79 middle school (45 girls) and 94 (39 girls) elementary school students from four seventh and five fourth/fifth grade co-educational classes...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133316/study-protocol-for-think-a-multinational-open-label-phase-i-study-to-assess-the-safety-and-clinical-activity-of-multiple-administrations-of-nkr-2-in-patients-with-different-metastatic-tumour-types
#13
Caroline Lonez, Bikash Verma, Alain Hendlisz, Philippe Aftimos, Ahmad Awada, Eric Van Den Neste, Gaetan Catala, Jean-Pascal H Machiels, Fanny Piette, Jason B Brayer, David A Sallman, Tessa Kerre, Kunle Odunsi, Marco L Davila, David E Gilham, Frédéric F Lehmann
INTRODUCTION: NKR-2 are autologous T cells genetically modified to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) comprising a fusion of the natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) receptor with the CD3ζ signalling domain, which associates with the adaptor molecule DNAX-activating protein of 10 kDa (DAP10) to provide co-stimulatory signal upon ligand binding. NKG2D binds eight different ligands expressed on the cell surface of many tumour cells and which are normally absent on non-neoplastic cells...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132992/measuring-the-timeliness-of-childhood-vaccinations-using-cohort-data-and-routine-health-records-to-evaluate-quality-of-immunisation-services
#14
Suzanne Walton, Mario Cortina-Borja, Carol Dezateux, Lucy J Griffiths, Karen Tingay, Ashley Akbari, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Ronan A Lyons, Helen Bedford
BACKGROUND: To achieve full benefits of vaccination programmes, high uptake and timely receipt of vaccinations are required. OBJECTIVES: To examine uptake and timeliness of infant and pre-school booster vaccines using cohort study data linked to health records. METHODS: We included 1782 children, born between 2000 and 2001, participating in the Millennium Cohort Study and resident in Wales, whose parents gave consent for linkage to National Community Child Health Database records at the age seven year contact...
November 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131460/pilot-study-on-the-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-towards-undergraduate-training-provided-by-industry
#15
M Karl, M Franz, T Grobecker-Karl, M Scheib
INTRODUCTION: Rapid developments in CAD/CAM technology necessitate the adaptation of curriculum content. Limited resources hinder institutions in holding state of the art equipment available for student training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A workshop given by an industry partner was organised as part of the final pre-clinical course in prosthodontics for the academic years 2015 and 2016. The workshop on dental ceramics and CAD/CAM technology comprised of lectures and practical demonstrations...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130647/randomized-controlled-trial-of-electro-stimulation-therapies-to-modulate-retinal-blood-flow-and-visual-function-in-retinitis-pigmentosa
#16
Ava K Bittner, Kenneth Seger, Rachel Salveson, Samantha Kayser, Natalia Morrison, Patricia Vargas, Deborah Mendelsohn, Jorge Han, Hua Bi, Gislin Dagnelie, Alexandra Benavente, Jessica Ramella-Roman
PURPOSE: We examined changes in visual function and ocular and retinal blood flow (RBF) among retinitis pigmentosa (RP) participants in a randomized controlled trial of electro-stimulation therapies. METHODS: Twenty-one RP participants were randomized (1:1:1) to transcorneal electrical stimulation (TES) at 6 weekly half-hour sessions, electro-acupuncture or inactive laser acupuncture (sham control) at 10 half-hour sessions over 2 weeks. Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity (VA), quick contrast sensitivity function, Goldmann visual fields, AdaptDx scotopic sensitivity, spectral flow and colour Doppler imaging of the central retinal artery (CRA), and RBF in macular capillaries were measured twice pre-treatment, after 2 TES sessions, within a week and a month after intervention completion...
November 11, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130541/depression-social-support-and-clinical-outcomes-following-lung-transplantation
#17
Patrick J Smith, Laurie D Snyder, Scott M Palmer, Benson M Hoffman, Gregory L Stonerock, Krista K Ingle, Caroline K Saulino, James A Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common among lung transplant candidates and have been associated with poorer clinical outcomes in some studies. Previous studies have been plagued by methodologic problems, including small sample sizes, few clinical events, and uncontrolled confounders, particularly perioperative complications. In addition, few studies have examined social support as a potential protective factor. We therefore examined the association between pre-transplant depressive symptoms, social support, and mortality in a large sample of lung transplant recipients...
November 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130150/predictors-of-adverse-psychological-experiences-surrounding-genome-wide-profiling-for-disease-risk
#18
K M Broady, K E Ormond, E J Topol, N J Schork, Cinnamon S Bloss
This study aimed to identify predictors of adverse psychological experiences among direct-to-consumer (DTC) genomic test consumers. We performed a secondary analysis on data from the Scripps Genomic Health Initiative (SGHI), which studied 2037 individuals tested with commercially available tests yielding personalized risk estimates for 23 common, genetically complex diseases. As part of the original study, the participants completed baseline and follow-up survey measures assessing demographics, personal and family health history, attitudes toward genetic testing, anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)), test-related distress (Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R)), and reactions to receipt of results...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129195/barriers-to-integrating-the-continuum-of-care-for-opioid-and-alcohol-use-disorders-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study
#19
Erik D Storholm, Allison J Ober, Sarah B Hunter, Kirsten M Becker, Praise O Iyiewuare, Chau Pham, Katherine E Watkins
Untreated substance use disorders remain a pervasive public health problem in the United States, especially among medically-underserved and low-income populations, with opioid and alcohol use disorders (OAUD) being of particular concern. Primary care is an underutilized resource for delivering treatment for OAUD, but little is known about the organizational capacity of community-based primary care clinics to integrate treatment for OAUD. The objective of this study was to use an organizational capacity framework to examine perceived barriers to implementing the continuum of care for OAUD in a community-based primary care organization over three time points: pre-implementation (preparation), early implementation (practice), and full implementation...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128584/the-influence-of-maternal-modeling-on-body-image-concerns-and-eating-disturbances-in-preadolescent-girls
#20
Charlotte M Handford, Ronald M Rapee, Jasmine Fardouly
Research suggests that mothers may influence the development of body image concerns and eating disturbances in their daughters by modeling negative body image beliefs and unhealthy eating behaviors. However, the causal nature of that mode of influence is yet to be established. This study implemented an experimental design to examine the impact of mothers' modeling of negative comments about their own appearance and diet on their daughters' body image concerns and eating behaviors. Participants were 8-12 year old girls and their mothers (N = 50)...
November 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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