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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441619/the-influence-of-attention-biases-and-adult-attachment-style-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#1
Yulisha Byrow, Lorna Peters
BACKGROUND: Attention biases figure prominently in CBT models of social anxiety and are thought to maintain symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Studies have shown that individual differences in pre-treatment attention biases predict cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) outcome. However, these findings have been inconsistent as to whether vigilance towards threat predicts better or poorer treatment outcome. Adult attachment style is an individual characteristic that may influence the relationship between attention bias and SAD...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441104/gestalt-intervention-groups-for-anxious-parents-in-hong-kong-a-quasi-experimental-design
#2
Grace Suk Man Leung, Su Hean Khor
This study examined the impact of gestalt intervention groups for anxious Chinese parents in Hong Kong. A non-randomized control group pre-test/post-test design was adopted. A total of 156 parents participated in the project. After 4 weeks of treatment, the intervention group participants had lower anxiety levels, less avoidance of inner experiences, and more kindness towards oneself and mindfulness when compared to control group participants. However, the dimension of self-judgment remained unchanged. The adaptation of gestalt intervention to suit the Chinese culture was discussed...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440727/foam-sclerotherapy-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-in-association-with-pre-terminal-saphenous-junction-ligation-division-as-an-office-based-procedure-12-month-results
#3
Moro Leo, Ricci Stefano, Antonelli Incalzi Raffaele
Objective Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) - one of the most frequently recommended methods for treating great saphenous vein incompetence - is easy and inexpensive. However, it achieves a lower occlusion rate compared to endovenous thermal ablation. The application of UGFS to pre-terminal great saphenous vein interruption, eliminating the saphenous stem wash out effect, enhances the short-term occlusion rate. This study explores the results of this technique at 12 months. Method Thirty great saphenous veins (28 patients) with junction incompetence, with calibres >6 mm and >30 cm reflux stem length were submitted to echo-guided pre-terminal great saphenous vein interruption and foam great saphenous vein occlusion...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440476/exploration-of-mir-1202-and-mir-196a-in-human-endometrial-cancer-based-on-high-throughout-gene-screening-analysis
#4
Hong Chen, Yujuan Fan, Wensheng Xu, Junying Chen, Yugang Meng, Di Fang, Jingran Wang
Altered microRNA (miRNA) expression has been reported to participate in the pathogenesis of several human diseases, and particularly cancer. The present study examined the involvement of various miRNAs in the pathophysiology of endometrial cancer (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH). We performed a high-throughput analysis of the miRNAs (miRNA microarray) found in samples of endometrial tissue obtained from 45 patients; among whom, 15 patients were diagnosed with EC, 15 patients were diagnosed with AEH, and the remainder were healthy donors...
April 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439567/sarcopenia-obesity-and-mortality-in-us-adults-with-and-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Lagu Androga, Deep Sharma, Afolarin Amodu, Matthew K Abramowitz
INTRODUCTION: In pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD), the association of muscle mass with mortality is poorly defined, and no study has examined outcomes related to the co-occurrence of low muscle mass and excess adiposity (sarcopenic-obesity). Methods: We examined abnormalities of muscle and fat mass in adult participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. We determined whether associations of body composition with all-cause mortality differed between participants with CKD compared to those without...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438062/associations-of-maternal-obesity-and-smoking-status-with-perinatal-outcomes
#6
Julie K Phillips, Sarah E King, Ira M Bernstein, Joan M Skelly, Stephen T Higgins
Maternal obesity and smoking are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. These prevalent conditions contribute to health disparities. In this study we examine whether maternal BMI moderates the impact of smoking cessation on short-term perinatal outcomes. This is a secondary analysis of assessments conducted from several prospective clinical trials examining the efficacy of incentives to promote smoking cessation during pregnancy. Participants were randomly assigned to receive financial incentives contingent upon smoking abstinence or a control condition...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437759/correlation-of-technical-surgical-goals-to-the-gdi-and-investigation-of-post-operative-gdi-change-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Christina Bickley, Judi Linton, Nancy Scarborough, Elroy Sullivan, Katy Mitchell, Douglas Barnes
AIM: The purpose of this study was to introduce a standardized set of surgical technical achievement goals (TAGs) as part of a comprehensive outcome assessment model for children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) undergoing orthopaedic surgical intervention to improve gait. Examination of relationships of these surgical goals to the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and use of two assessments in tandem provided a thorough picture of technical surgical outcomes. This study also investigated changes in GDI in children with spastic CP after surgery...
April 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436351/reactivity-to-unpredictable-threat-as-a-treatment-target-for-fear-based-anxiety-disorders
#8
S M Gorka, L Lieberman, H Klumpp, K L Kinney, A E Kennedy, O Ajilore, J Francis, J Duffecy, M G Craske, J Nathan, S Langenecker, S A Shankman, K L Phan
BACKGROUND: Heightened reactivity to unpredictable threat (U-threat) is a core individual difference factor underlying fear-based psychopathology. Little is known, however, about whether reactivity to U-threat is a stable marker of fear-based psychopathology or if it is malleable to treatment. The aim of the current study was to address this question by examining differences in reactivity to U-threat within patients before and after 12-weeks of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
April 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436270/does-physiological-stress-slowdown-wound-healing-in-patients-with-diabetes
#9
Javad Razjouyan, Gurtej Singh Grewal, Talal K Talal, David G Armstrong, Joseph L Mills, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Poor healing is an important contributing factor to amputation among patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Physiological stress may slow wound healing and increase susceptibility to infection. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to examine the association between heart rate variability (HRV) as an indicator of physiological stress response and healing speed (HealSpeed) among outpatients with active DFUs. DESIGN AND METHODS: Ambulatory patients with diabetes with DFUs (n = 25, age: 59...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434719/pituitary-volume-reduction-in-schizophrenia-following-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#10
Preethi Premkumar, Danielle Bream, Adegboyega Sapara, Dominic Fannon, Anantha P Anilkumar, Elizabeth Kuipers, Veena Kumari
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for psychosis (CBTp) aims to lower the stress of psychotic symptoms. Given that the pituitary is involved in stress regulation, CBT-led stress reduction may be accompanied by a change in pituitary volume. This study aimed to determine whether CBTp reduces pituitary volume in schizophrenia. The relation between pre-therapy memory and CBTp-led pituitary volume change was also examined given that poor memory relates to a blunted cortisol awakening response, denoting impaired stress response, in schizophrenia...
April 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434465/therapeutic-singing-as-an-early-intervention-for-swallowing-in-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
E L Stegemöller, P Hibbing, H Radig, J Wingate
OBJECTIVE: For persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), secondary motor symptoms such as swallow impairment impact the quality of life and are major contributors to mortality. There is a present need for therapeutic interventions aimed at improving swallow function during the early stages of PD. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a group therapeutic singing intervention on swallowing in persons with PD with no significant dysphagia symptoms. DESIGN: Cohort study...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431972/mitochondrial-energy-metabolism-of-rat-hippocampus-after-treatment-with-the-antidepressants-desipramine-and-fluoxetine
#12
Roberto Federico Villa, Federica Ferrari, Laura Bagini, Antonella Gorini, Nicoletta Brunello, Fabio Tascedda
Alterations in mitochondrial functions have been hypothesized to participate in the pathogenesis of depression, because brain bioenergetic abnormalities have been detected in depressed patients by neuroimaging in vivo studies. However, this hypothesis is not clearly demonstrated in experimental studies: some suggest that antidepressants are inhibitors of mitochondrial metabolism, while others observe the opposite. In this study, the effects of 21-day treatment with desipramine (15 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) were examined on the energy metabolism of rat hippocampus, evaluating the catalytic activity of regulatory enzymes of mitochondrial energy-yielding metabolic pathways...
April 18, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431292/cannabis-and-cue-induced-craving-in-cocaine-dependent-individuals-a-pilot-study
#13
K Giasson-Gariépy, S Potvin, M Ghabrash, J Bruneau, D Jutras-Aswad
BACKGROUND: Cannabis consumption is common among cocaine users; however, little is known about its effect on cocaine craving. The objective of this study was to assess whether cannabis co-use is associated with lower cue-induced cocaine craving in non-treatment-seeking cocaine-dependent individuals. METHODS: Data from twenty-eight cocaine-dependent men were analyzed in this pilot study. Cocaine-dependent subjects (n=12) were compared with cocaine-dependent subjects who also abused or were dependent on cannabis (n=16)...
March 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431122/the-sense-study-treatment-mechanisms-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-improvement-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#14
Matthew Blake, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Greg Murray, Laura Blake, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
Objective: The aim of this study was to test whether a cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based sleep intervention could improve sleep and anxiety on school nights in a group of at-risk adolescents. We also examined whether benefits to sleep and anxiety would be mediated by improvements in sleep hygiene awareness and pre-sleep hyperarousal. Method: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (Female=60%; Mean Age=14...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430677/changes-in-hair-mercury-levels-among-women-of-child-bearing-age-following-an-educational-intervention
#15
Michelle Raymond, Krista Y Christensen, Brooke Thompson, Henry Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Describe mercury exposures among women of childbearing age before and after an educational intervention. METHODS: Women age 18 to 45 were recruited to participate in an educational intervention concerning fish consumption. Fish consumption habits and total mercury concentration in hair were assessed pre- and post-intervention. Regression models examined associations between mercury, fish consumption, and demographics. RESULTS: Overall, 234 women completed the study...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429998/the-efficacy-of-a-pre-workout-vegan-supplement-on-high-intensity-cycling-performance-in-healthy-college-aged-males
#16
Gabrielle Gallien, David Bellar, Greggory R Davis
There is a limited supply of sport nutrition supplements currently available for vegan or vegetarian athletes. In addition, the efficacy of a vegan or vegetarian pre-workout supplement that does not contain any processed ingredients or stimulants is currently unknown. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of an unprocessed vegan pre-workout supplement on high-intensity cycling performance. Participants completed three separate cycling trials following the consumption of a vegan pre-workout supplement, an isocaloric processed supplement, or a zero-calorie placebo supplement...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426922/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-healthy-directions-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-adults-with-lung-cancer
#17
Amanda C Blok, Traci M Blonquist, Manan M Nayak, Darryl Somayaji, Scott E Crouter, Laura L Hayman, Yolonda L Colson, Raphael Bueno, Karen M Emmons, Mary E Cooley
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this feasibility study of an adapted lifestyle intervention for adults with lung cancer were to: 1) determine rates of enrollment, attrition and completion of five nurse-patient contacts, 2) examine demographic characteristics of those more likely to enroll into the program, 3) determine acceptability of the intervention, and 4) identify patient preferences for the format of supplemental educational intervention materials. METHODS: This study used a single arm, pre-and post-test design...
April 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425188/effects-of-age-and-viscosity-on-food-transport-and-breathing-swallowing-coordination-during-eating-of-two-phase-food-in-nursing-home-residents
#18
Tsuyoshi Yamada, Koichiro Matsuo, Masayuki Izawa, Shizuru Yamada, Yuji Masuda, Tadashi Ogasawara
AIM: When eating food that contains both liquid and solid phases, the liquid component frequently enters the hypopharynx before swallowing and can increase the risk of aspiration. Thus, we examined whether the initial viscosity of mixed consistency food could alter pre-swallow food transport and breathing-swallowing coordination in older adults. METHODS: Fiberoptic endoscopy was recorded while 18 healthy young adults and 19 older adults ate 5 g of steamed rice combined with 3 mL of blue-dye water...
April 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423477/something-has-shifted-nursing-students-global-perspective-following-international-clinical-placements
#19
Shelley Gower, Ravani Duggan, Jaya A R Dantas, Duncan Boldy
AIMS: To examine understandings of global health issues among nursing students following participation in an international clinical placement during their pre-registration university education. BACKGROUND: Universities use international clinical placements, especially in developing countries, to develop cultural awareness in students, however little is known about the longer term influences on students' understandings of global nursing. DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional design was used, using an exploratory, descriptive qualitative approach...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422641/supporting-stroke-motor-recovery-through-a-mobile-application-a-pilot-study
#20
Sonia Lawson, Ziying Tang, Jinjuan Feng
Neuroplasticity and motor learning are promoted with repetitive movement, appropriate challenge, and performance feedback. ARMStrokes, a smartphone application, incorporates these qualities to support motor recovery. Engaging exercises are easily accessible for improved compliance. In a multiple-case, mixed-methods pilot study, the potential of this technology for stroke motor recovery was examined. Exercises calibrated to the participant's skill level targeted forearm, elbow, and shoulder motions for a 6-wk protocol...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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