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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817574/diffusion-tensor-imaging-profiles-reveal-specific-neural-tract-distortion-in-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#1
Nicole C Keong, Alonso Pena, Stephen J Price, Marek Czosnyka, Zofia Czosnyka, Elise E DeVito, Charlotte R Housden, Barbara J Sahakian, John D Pickard
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) remains unclear which limits both early diagnosis and prognostication. The responsiveness to intervention of differing, complex and concurrent injury patterns on imaging have not been well-characterized. We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to explore the topography and reversibility of white matter injury in NPH pre- and early after shunting. METHODS: Twenty-five participants (sixteen NPH patients and nine healthy controls) underwent DTI, pre-operatively and at two weeks post-intervention in patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817447/a-stress-coping-app-for-hospitalized-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-preterm-birth
#2
Nancy Jallo, Leroy R Thacker, Victoria Menzies, Predrag Stojanovic, Dace S Svikis
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women hospitalized with preterm labor (PTL) complications experience increased stress. Prior researchers have attempted to provide stress management strategies with use of various media players to deliver stress coping interventions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a mobile device delivered stress coping app designed to reduce stress in a sample of high-risk pregnant women hospitalized with complications of PTL...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817439/faculty-development-for-the-operating-room-an-examination-of-the-effectiveness-of-an-intraoperative-teaching-course-for-surgeons
#3
Aimee K Gardner, Matthew D Timberlake, Brian J Dunkin
OBJECTIVE: We describe a half-day faculty development course designed to equip surgical educators with evidence-based teaching frameworks shown to promote learning in the operating room (OR). We hypothesize that participating faculty will deliver improved instruction as perceived by residents. METHODS: Residents anonymously rated faculty teaching behaviors among whom they had recently worked in the OR (minimum 3 cases in preceding 6 months) using the Briefing - Intraoperative teaching - Debriefing Assessment Tool (BIDAT; 1 = never, 5 = always)...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814992/feasibility-of-a-supplemental-phonological-awareness-intervention-via-telepractice-for-children-with-hearing-loss-a-preliminary-study
#4
Sue Ann S Lee, Brittany Hall, Sherry Sancibrian
The goal of the current study was to examine the feasibility of a telepractice intervention to improve phonological awareness skills in children with hearing loss as compared to a conventional in-person intervention. Twenty children with hearing loss participated in this study. Two groups of ten children each received a supplemental phonological awareness intervention either via telepractice or an in-person service delivery model. Within each of the two groups, five children were enrolled in preschool or kindergarten and five children were enrolled in first or second grade...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814139/validation-of-a-brazilian-version-of-the-moral-sensitivity-questionnaire
#5
Carlise R Dalla Nora, Elma Lcp Zoboli, Margarida M Vieira
BACKGROUND: Moral sensitivity has been identified as a foundational component of ethical action. Diminished or absent moral sensitivity can result in deficient care. In this context, assessing moral sensitivity is imperative for designing interventions to facilitate ethical practice and ensure that nurses make appropriate decisions. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to validate a scale for examining the moral sensitivity of Brazilian nurses. RESEARCH DESIGN: A pre-existing scale, the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire, which was developed by Lützén, was used after the deletion of three items...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812943/tear-osmolarity-is-sensitive-to-exercise-induced-fluid-loss-but-is-not-associated-with-common-hydration-measures-in-a-field-setting
#6
Justin J Holland, Michelle Ray, Christopher Irwin, Tina L Skinner, Michael Leveritt, Ben Desbrow
This investigation (i) examined changes in tear osmolarity in response to fluid loss that occurs with exercise in a field setting, and (ii) compared tear osmolarity with common field and laboratory hydration measures.  Sixty-three participants [age 27.8 ± 8.4 years, body mass 72.15 ± 10.61 kg] completed a self-paced 10 km run outside on a predetermined course. Body mass, tear fluid, venous blood and urine samples were collected immediately before and after exercise.  Significant (p < 0.001) reductions in body mass (1...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#7
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811191/can-psychological-well-being-scales-and-hormone-levels-be-used-to-predict-acute-performance-of-anaerobic-training-tasks-in-elite-female-volleyball-players
#8
Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Michael C Zourdos, Vicente J Clemente-Suárez, Julio Calleja-González, Amber M Shipherd
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between pre-training psychological well-being assessment scales (General Health Questionnaire-28-GHQ-28, Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2-CSAI-2, Sport Competition Anxiety Test-SCAT, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S-STAI-S, Oviedo Sleep Questionnaire-OSQ and Psychological Characteristics Related to Sport Performance-PCSP), and pre-training stress hormone concentrations (cortisol-C, total testosterone-TT, free testosterone-FT, adrenocorticotropic hormone-ACTH and testosterone/cortisol-T/C ratios), on acute neuromuscular performance (ANP) in female volleyballers...
August 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810969/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-combat-and-operational-stress-control-restoration-center-in-afghanistan
#10
Jason L Judkins, Devvon L Bradley
BACKGROUND: The management of Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) within an operational environment is a multidimensional process. The aim is to help prevent behavioral health problems, preserve combat power, and increase return to duty rates for combat stress related casualties. In some COSR cases, enhanced services are required and the Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) Clinic refers Service Members (SMs) to the Freedom Restoration Clinic (FRC). The purpose was to describe a deployed restoration center in Afghanistan and examine the long-term effectiveness of those services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810853/acute-effects-of-reducing-sitting-time-in-adolescents-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#11
Anisse Penning, Anthony D Okely, Stewart G Trost, Jo Salmon, Dylan P Cliff, Marijka Batterham, Steven Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish
BACKGROUND: Levels of sitting among adolescents are high, especially during the school day. The acute cognitive and health consequences associated with prolonged sitting are poorly understood in adolescents. This randomized crossover design study examined the acute effects of a simulated school day with reduced sitting or usual sitting on adolescents' cognitive function and cardiometabolic biomarkers. METHODS: Eighteen healthy school aged adolescents were recruited from the community to the study (11 males; 7 females; mean age [SD] = 13...
August 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810841/effectiveness-of-online-and-mobile-telephone-applications-apps-for-the-self-management-of-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Katrina Witt, Matthew J Spittal, Gregory Carter, Jane Pirkis, Sarah Hetrick, Dianne Currier, Jo Robinson, Allison Milner
BACKGROUND: Online and mobile telephone applications ('apps') have the potential to improve the scalability of effective interventions for suicidal ideation and self-harm. The aim of this review was therefore to investigate the effectiveness of digital interventions for the self-management of suicidal ideation or self-harm. METHODS: Seven databases (Applied Science & Technology; CENTRAL; CRESP; Embase; Global Health; PsycARTICLES; PsycINFO; Medline) were searched to 31 March, 2017...
August 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810425/psychological-and-behavioral-effects-of-obesity-prevention-campaigns
#13
Courtney C Simpson, Brandon J Griffin, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Public health campaigns are often used to prevent or reduce obesity. However, social psychological theory suggests these efforts might not be universally helpful and could potentially have detrimental consequences. This investigation explored the effects of obesity prevention campaigns. Participants were randomized to view either weight-focused or weight-neutral campaigns. Assessments at three time points (pre, post, and follow-up) examined the differences between groups in reactions to campaigns and changes in health behaviors and psychological outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810393/can-disclaimer-labels-or-dove-evolution-commercial-mitigate-negative-effects-of-thin-ideal-exposure
#14
Dinusha Nc Cragg, Kate E Mulgrew, Lee Kannis-Dymand
We examined the comparative effectiveness of the Dove Evolution commercial and disclaimer labels as media literacy interventions. Women ( N = 287) viewed thin-ideal images by themselves, preceded by the Dove Evolution commercial, or containing specific or generic disclaimer labels. Participants completed pre- and post-test measures of body satisfaction, post-test social comparison, and media literacy. Interventions were not effective in mitigating drops in body satisfaction, reducing social comparison, or increasing media literacy, despite women understanding their purpose...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807456/post-hospitalization-experiences-of-older-adults-diagnosed-with-diabetes-it-was-daunting
#15
Jacqueline B La Manna, Angeline Bushy, Denise Gammonley
Multimorbidity combined with geriatric syndromes in older adults with diabetes exacerbate their risks for poor post-discharge outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine self-described hospital-to-home transition challenges encountered by older adults with a diagnosis of diabetes within the first 30 days following discharge. The qualitative responses for this paper emerged from a larger mixed methods study (n = 96) in which participants provided free responses specifying transition challenges during follow-up telephone interviews on the 7th day (n = 67) and 30th day (n = 55) post-discharge...
August 11, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807141/psychosocial-predictors-of-quality-of-life-and-weight-loss-two-years-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-toronto-bari-psych-study
#16
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Raed Hawa, Susan Wnuk, Vincent Santiago, Matthew Kowgier, Timothy Jackson, Allan Okrainec, Stephanie Cassin
OBJECTIVES: Studies exploring the impact of pre-surgery psychiatric status as a predictor of health related quality of life (QOL) after bariatric surgery have been limited to short-term follow-up and variable use of psychosocial measures. We examined the effect of pre-operative psychiatric factors on QOL and weight loss 2-years after surgery. METHODS: 156 patients participated in this prospective cohort study, the Toronto Bariatric Psychosocial Cohort Study, between 2010 and 2014...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806942/impact-of-inpatient-care-in-emergency-department-on-outcomes-a-quasi-experimental-cohort-study
#17
Aisha Lateef, Soo Hoon Lee, Dale Andrew Fisher, Wei-Ping Goh, Hui Fen Han, Uma Chandra Segara, Tiong Beng Sim, Malcolm Mahadehvan, Khean Teik Goh, Noel Cheah, Aymeric Yt Lim, Phillip H Phan, Reshma A Merchant
BACKGROUND: Hospitals around the world are faced with the issue of boarders in emergency department (ED), patients marked for admission but with no available inpatient bed. Boarder status is known to be associated with delayed inpatient care and suboptimal outcomes. A new care delivery system was developed in our institution where boarders received full inpatient care from a designated medical team, acute medical team (AMT), while still residing at ED. The current study examines the impact of this AMT intervention on patient outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806197/frailty-is-strongly-associated-with-increased-risk-of-recurrent-falls-among-older-hiv-infected-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Katherine Tassiopoulos, Mona Abdo, Kunling Wu, Susan L Koletar, Frank J Palella, Robert Kalayjian, Babafemi Taiwo, Kristine M Erlandson
OBJECTIVE: Both frailty and falls occur at earlier than expected ages among HIV-infected individuals, but the contribution of frailty to fall risk in this population is not well understood. We examined this association among participants enrolled in AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) A5322. DESIGN: A prospective, multi-center cohort study of HIV-infected men and women ≥40 years. METHODS: Frailty assessment included a 4-meter walk, grip strength, and self-reported weight loss, exhaustion, and low physical activity...
August 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805477/estimated-exposures-to-perfluorinated-compounds-in-infancy-predict-attenuated-vaccine-antibody-concentrations-at-age-5-years
#19
Philippe Grandjean, Carsten Heilmann, Pal Weihe, Flemming Nielsen, Ulla B Mogensen, Amalie Timmermann, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen
Perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) are highly persistent and may cause immunotoxic effects. PFAS-associated attenuated antibody responses to childhood vaccines may be affected by PFAS exposures during infancy, where breastfeeding adds to PFAS exposures. Of 490 members of a Faroese birth cohort, 275 and 349 participated in clinical examinations and provided blood samples at ages 18 months and 5 years. PFAS concentrations were measured at birth and at the clinical examinations. Using information on duration of breastfeeding, serum-PFAS concentration profiles during infancy were estimated...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805316/promoting-empathy-using-video-based-teaching
#20
Kieran Sweeney, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Empathy is fundamental to patient-centred care. It has been shown to improve patient satisfaction and therapeutic outcomes. The success of educational interventions in enhancing students' empathy has been mixed, however, and a consensus on the most effective approach is lacking. METHODS: Patients were videoed discussing their hospital experiences and interactions with clinicians. These videos were shown to groups of medical students, who then took part in a facilitated discussion around themes of health care communication and patient experience...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
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