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Schroth exercise

Sanja Schreiber, Eric C Parent, Doug L Hill, Douglas M Hedden, Marc J Moreau, Sarah C Southon
Background: Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support using physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). All RCTs reported statistically significant results favouring PSSE but none reported on clinical significance. The number needed to treat (NNT) helps determine if RCT results are clinically meaningful. The NNT is the number of patients that need to be treated to prevent one bad outcome in a given period. A low NNT suggests that a therapy has positive outcomes in most patients offered the therapy...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Kenny Yat Hong Kwan, Aldous C S Cheng, Hui Yu Koh, Alice Y Y Chiu, Kenneth Man Chee Cheung
BACKGROUND: Bracing has been shown to decrease significantly the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), but the treatment failure rate remains high. There is evidence to suggest that Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises can slow progression in mild scoliosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Schroth exercises in AIS patients with high-risk curves during bracing. METHODS: A prospective, historical cohort-matched study was carried out...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Joo-Hee Park, Hye-Seon Jeon, Ha Won Park
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the Schroth exercise on idiopathic scoliosis. The overall effect size was analyzed in 15 primary studies and a subgroup analysis of the standardized mean differences of effect sizes from 15 primary studies was also conducted. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We used PUBMED, MEDLINE, NDSL, EMBASE, and Web of Science. The key terms used in these searches were "Schroth," "scoliosis-specific exercise," "scoliosis," and "idiopathic scoliosis...
October 2, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Manuel Rigo, Mina Jelačić
BACKGROUND: Chêneau and Matthias introduced in 1979 a brace concept inspired in casting. The brace was initially named "CTM" from Chêneau-Toulouse-Münster. The name "CTM" is still popular in France but "Chêneau-type brace" is its common name in the rest of the world. Principles to construct this brace were originally based on anatomical descriptions rather than biomechanics, and its standard is poor. METHODS: This paper follows the format of the "Brace technology thematic series...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Christine Wibmer, Petra Groebl, Alexander Nischelwitzer, Beate Salchinger, Matthias Sperl, Helmut Wegmann, Hans-Peter Holzer, Vinay Saraph
BACKGROUND: It is important to monitor how patients with juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis comply with their physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE). Physiogame, a newly developed video game using the Game-Trak 3D interactive game controller, combines correct PSSE performance with gaming. It tracks the position of the working limb in 3D space during the exercises as participants aim to hit certain targets and avoid others, and gives direct feedback by stopping the game if the working limb leaves the target 3D space, which is chosen to secure the corrective position according to the Schroth method...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Hyung Joo Lee, Hwa Dong Seong, Young-Hyeon Bae, Ho-Young Jang, Seung Hun Chae, Kyoung Hoon Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Schroth method (three-dimensional convergence exercise) of emphasis of active holding on pain and Cobb's angle in patients with scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] It applied the Schroth method program of emphasis of active holding individually to three subjects three time per week for 15 weeks. All subject were measured Cobb's angle and pain. [Results] After 15 weeks, pain and Cobb's angle decreased compared to values before. [Conclusion] These results demonstrate the benefit of the Schroth exercise program of emphasis of active holding on decreasing pain and Cobb's angle in patients with idiopathic scoliosis...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Andrea Lebel, Victoria Ashley Lebel
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional (3D) spinal deformity. Acquired scoliosis in early childhood may progress into adulthood and pose an increased risk of health problems and reduction in quality of life. In Canada, patients with scoliosis are not referred for physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) despite the fact that Schroth physiotherapy, a scoliosis-specific 3D posture training and exercise program, can be effective in reducing pain and improving scoliosis curves, vital capacity, and overall quality of life in scoliosis patients...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Hagit Berdishevsky
BACKGROUND: No studies examine the efficacy of intensive specific physical therapy (PT) exercises along with brace for the adult with Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intensive PT based on the Barcelona Scoliosis Physical Therapy School (BSPTS) and SpinoMed brace on a 76-year-old female with SK. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 76-year-old female, diagnosed with SK as an adolescent, presented in October 2014 with thoracic hyperkyphosis T1 to T12 Cobb angle of 85° and lumbar hyper lordosis L1 to L5 Cobb angle of 70°...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Kathryn Moramarco, Marc Moramarco
UNLABELLED: [Purpose] For adult patients with late-onset idiopathic scoliosis, cosmetic concerns and pain are the main reasons for seeking treatment at a physician's office. The purpose of this paper was to describe the mid-term effect of physical rehabilitation and part-time bracing on an adult scoliosis patient who had been suffering from chronic low back pain for fourteen years. [Subject and Methods] CASE DESCRIPTION: A 37-year-old female patient with late-onset idiopathic scoliosis presented in the office of the first author in January 2014...
August 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Hagit Berdishevsky, Victoria Ashley Lebel, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Manuel Rigo, Andrea Lebel, Axel Hennes, Michele Romano, Marianna Białek, Andrzej M'hango, Tony Betts, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Jacek Durmala
In recent decades, there has been a call for change among all stakeholders involved in scoliosis management. Parents of children with scoliosis have complained about the so-called "wait and see" approach that far too many doctors use when evaluating children's scoliosis curves between 10° and 25°. Observation, Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) and bracing for idiopathic scoliosis during growth are all therapeutic interventions accepted by the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT)...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Gichul Kim, Pil-Neo HwangBo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of Schroth and Pilates exercises on the Cobb angle and body weight distribution of patients with idiopathic scoliosis. [Subjects] Twenty-four scoliosis patients with a Cobb angle of ≥20° were divided into the Schroth exercise group (SEG, n = 12) and the Pilates exercise group (PEG, n = 12). [Methods] The SEG and PEG performed Schroth and Pilates exercises, respectively, three times a week for 12 weeks. The Cobb angle was measured in the standing position with a radiography apparatus, and weight load was measured with Gait View Pro 1...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kyoung-Don Kim, Pil-Neo Hwangbo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the Schroth exercise on the Cobb's angle and vital capacity of patients with growing idiopathic scoliosis, an operative indication. [Subjects] Five idiopathic scoliosis patients with a Cobb's angle of the thoracic vertebra of 40 degrees or higher and Risser sign stage 3 or higher. [Methods] The Schroth exercise was applied 3 times a week for 12 weeks. We measured the thoracic trunk inclination, Cobb's angle, and vital capacity before and after the exercise program...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Maksym Borysov, Marc Moramarco, Ng Sy, Sang G Lee
UNLABELLED: A new development of correcting exercises has been derived from the original Schroth program in 2010 and the preliminary results have been published that year. Since then the program has been applied in some centers worldwide. As the original Schroth program was the only program so far to improve many signs and symptoms of scoliosis besides the angle of curvature (Cobb angle) it was interesting to look for the preliminary results of the recent development of scoliosis pattern specific corrective exercises derived from the original program, to see if similar effects can be achieved with this less complicated method...
2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
Marc Moramarco, Maja Fadzan, Kathryn Moramarco, Amy Heller, Sonia Righter
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term outcomes of treatment utilizing an outpatient scoliosis- specific back school program in thirty-six patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). BACKGROUND: Improved signs and symptoms of AIS have been reported in response to curve-patternspecific exercise therapy programs. Additional outcome studies are needed. METHODS/MATERIALS: Thirty-six patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), 33 females and 3 males, completed a twenty-hour multimodal exercise program (Schroth Best Practice® - SBP) for five to seven days at Scoliosis 3DC(SM)...
2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
Sanja Schreiber, Eric C Parent, Elham Khodayari Moez, Douglas M Hedden, Doug Hill, Marc J Moreau, Edmond Lou, Elise M Watkins, Sarah C Southon
BACKGROUND: In North America, care recommendations for adolescents with small idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curves include observation or bracing. Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises have demonstrated promising results on various outcomes in uncontrolled studies. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to determine the effect of Schroth exercises combined with the standard of care on quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and back muscle endurance (BME) compared to standard of care alone in patients with AIS...
2015: Scoliosis
Jae-Man Yang, Jung-Hoon Lee, Dae-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To report the effects of consecutive application of stretching, Schroth, and strengthening exercises in an adult with idiopathic scoliosis. [Subject] A 26-year-old woman with idiopathic scoliosis, Cobb's angle of 20.51°, and back pain. [Methods] The exercise program consisted of 3 sessions: 10 minutes of stretching exercises, 20 minutes of Schroth exercises, and 10 minutes of strengthening exercises. This program was implemented 3 times a week, for 8 weeks. [Results] The thoracic Cobb's angle decreased from 20...
August 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Tomer Bezalel, Leonid Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Scheuermann's disease is the most common cause of hyperkyphosis of the thoracolumbar spine. Few case reports have demonstrated the effectiveness of Schroth therapy in improving the thoracic angle curve in Scheuermann's patients; however, additional verification is needed. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old female patient presented with Scheuermann's disease. On X-ray, thoracic kyphosis was 55° and lumbar lordosis 55°. The self-rated cosmetic disturbance was graded 10/10 on a verbal numeric scale...
April 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Tuğba Kuru, İpek Yeldan, E Elçin Dereli, Arzu R Özdinçler, Fatih Dikici, İlker Çolak
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of three-dimensional (3D) Schroth exercises in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. DESIGN: A randomised-controlled study. SETTING: An outpatient exercise-unit and in a home setting. SUBJECTS: Fifty-one patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. INTERVENTIONS: Forty-five patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis meeting the inclusion criteria were divided into three groups...
February 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Yizhar Floman, Gheorghe Burnei, Stefan Gavriliu, Yoram Anekstein, Sergiu Straticiuc, Miklos Tunyogi-Csapo, Yigal Mirovsky, Daniel Zarzycki, Tomasz Potaczek, Uri Arnin
Surgery in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a major operative intervention where 10-12 vertebrae are instrumented and fused. A smaller motion preserving surgery would be more desirable for these otherwise healthy adolescents. The ApiFix® system is a novel less invasive short segment pedicle screw based instrumentation inserted around the apex of the main curve. The system has a ratchet mechanism that enables gradual postoperative device elongation and curve correction. The ratchet is activated by performing specific spinal exercises...
2015: Scoliosis
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