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Graphene biocompatibility

Wei Tao, Xiaoyuan Ji, Xiaoding Xu, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Zhongjun Li, Si Chen, Phei Er Saw, Han Zhang, Zameer Bharwani, Zilei Guo, Jinjun Shi, Omid Farokhzad
Photothermal therapy (PTT) has shown significant potential for cancer therapy. However, developing nanomaterials (NMs)-based photothermal agents (PTAs) with satisfactory photothermal conversion efficacy (PTCE) and biocompatibility remains a key challenge. Herein, a new generation of PTAs based on two-dimensional (2D) antimonene quantum dots (AMQDs) was developed by a novel liquid exfoliation method. Surface modification of AMQDs with polyethylene glycol (PEG) significantly enhanced both biocompatibility and stability in physiological medium...
June 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Lei Cao, Fei Zhang, Qiugen Wang, Xiaofeng Wu
In this work, Chitosan/Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/graphene oxide (GO) composite nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning technique. The prepared nanofibers were characterized by using various spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. FESEM images have confirmed the uniform distributions of graphene oxide nanosheets in the nanofibers with self-assembly with chitosan/PVA chains. Additionally, the results of raman spectra confirmed the existence of GO sheets in the nanofibers. The tensile strength experiments revealed that the incorporation of GO increased the mechanical properties of nanofibers...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Salvador Aznar-Cervantes, Ana Pagán, Jose G Martínez, Antonia Bernabeu-Esclapez, Toribio F Otero, Luis Meseguer-Olmo, Juan I Paredes, Jose L Cenis
Novel approaches to neural research require biocompatible materials capable to act as electrode structures or scaffolds for tissue engineering in order to stimulate or restore the functionality of damaged tissues. This work offers promising results that indicate the potential use of electrospun silk fibroin (SF) scaffolds coated with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in this sense. The coated material becomes conductor and electroactive. A complete characterisation of SF/rGO scaffolds is provided in terms of electrochemistry, mechanical behaviour and chemical conformation of fibroin...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Fatemeh Khodadadei, Shahrokh Safarian, Narges Ghanbari
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are new efficient nanomaterials used in therapeutic applications. In this study, blue fluorescent nitrogen-doped GQDs (N-GQDs) were synthesized by a hydrothermal method via pyrolisis of citric acid as the carbon source and urea as the nitrogen source. The existence of doped nitrogen in GQDs was confirmed by FTIR characterization. Here, for the first time, the N-GQDs were loaded with the anticancer drug, methotrexate (MTX), to prepare MTX-(N-GQDs) as an efficient drug delivery system...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Junghyun Kim, Michael Jay
Neutron-activation is a promising method of generating radiotherapeutics with minimal handling of radioactive materials. Graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONs) were examined as a carrier for neutron-activatable holmium with the purpose of exploiting inherent characteristics for theranostic application. GONs were hypothesized to be an ideal candidate for this application owing to their desirable characteristics such as a rigid structure, high metal loading capacity, low density, heat resistance, and the ability to withstand harsh environments associated with the neutron-activation process...
June 1, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
William K A Sikkema, Andrew B Metzger, Tuo Wang, James M Tour
BACKGROUND: Graphene and its derivatives have been shown to be biocompatible and electrically active materials upon which neurons readily grow. The fusogen poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) has been shown to improve outcomes after cervical and dorsal spinal cord transection. The long and narrow PEGylated graphene nanoribbon stacks (PEG-GNRs) with their 5 μm × 200 nm × 10 nm dimensions can provide a scaffold upon which neurons can grow and fuse. We disclose here the extensive characterization data for the PEG-GNRs...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
Patrizia De Marco, Susi Zara, Marianna De Colli, Milena Radunovic, Vladimir Lazovic, Valeria Ettorre, Antonello Di Crescenzo, Adriano Piattelli, Amelia Cataldi, Antonella Fontana
Commercial collagen membranes are used in oral surgical procedures as scaffolds for bone deposition in guided bone regeneration. Here, we have enriched them with graphene oxide (GO) via a simple non-covalent functionalization and exploiting the capacity of oxygenated carbon functional moieties of GO to interact through hydrogen bonding with collagene. In the present paper, the GO-coated membranes have been characterized in terms of stability, nano-roughness, biocompatibility and induction of inflammatory response towards HGFs cells...
June 13, 2017: Biomedical Materials
Jiahao Xia, Feng Li, Shaobo Ji, Huaping Xu
Graphene oxide (GO) is an important two-dimensional material since it is water soluble and can be functionalized to adapt to different applications. However, the current covalent functionalization methods usually require hash conditions, long duration and sometimes even multi-steps, while noncovalent functionalization is inevitably unstable, especially under physiological environment where competing species exist. Diselenide bond is a dynamic covalent bond and can respond to both redox condition and visible light irradiation in a sensitive manner...
June 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chiao-Yi Teng, Ba-Son Nguyen, Te-Fu Yeh, Yuh-Lang Lee, Shean-Jen Chen, Hsisheng Teng
Fluorescent graphene oxide dots (GODs) are environmentally friendly and biocompatible materials for photoluminescence (PL) applications. In this study, we employed annealing and hydrothermal ammonia treatments at 500 and 140 °C, respectively, to introduce nitrogen functionalities into GODs for enhancing their green-color PL emissions. The hydrothermal treatment preferentially produces pyridinic and amino groups, whereas the annealing treatment produces pyrrolic and amide groups. The hydrothermally treated GODs (A-GODs) present a high conjugation of the nonbonding electrons of nitrogen in pyridinic and amino groups with the aromatic π orbital...
June 6, 2017: Nanoscale
Shansong Mu, Guowei Li, Yuanyuan Liang, Ting Wu, Dong Ma
As a promising drug carrier, graphene oxide (GO) has been studied widely in drug delivery due to its excellent loading ability to aromatic drugs. However, its biocompatibility, such as stability and blood compatibility, is now the biggest obstacle for its further application. Herein, the hyperbranched polyglycerol (HPG)-modified GO was prepared through the anionic ring-opening polymerization using GO as the initiator directly, and then the doxorubicin hydrochloride was loaded and showed obvious cytotoxicity to tumor cells...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Preeti Nigam Joshi, Sachin Agawane, Meghana C Athalye, Vrushali Jadhav, Dhiman Sarkar, Rajiv Prakash
Cancer nanotechnology is an emerging area of cancer diagnosis and therapy. Although considerable progress has been made for targeted drug delivery systems to deliver anticancer agents to particular site of interest, new nanomaterials are frequently being developed and explored for better drug delivery efficiency. In the present work, we have explored a novel nanoformulation based on silver-graphene quantum dots (Ag-GQDs) nanocomposite for its successful implementation for pancreatic cancer specific drug delivery in wistar rats...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Yufeng Guo, Haixing Xu, Yiping Li, Fengzheng Wu, Yixuan Li, Yun Bao, Xiumei Yan, Zhijun Huang, Peihu Xu
Graphene oxide (GO) modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) and Arg-gly-asp peptide (RGD) was designed as a dual-receptor targeting drug delivery system to enhance the specificity and efficiency of anticancer drug delivery. Firstly, GO-HA-RGD conjugate was characterized to reveal its structure and morphology. Whereafter, doxorubicin (Dox) as a model drug was loaded on GO-HA-RGD carrier, which displayed a high loading rate (72.9%, GO:Dox (w/w) = 1:1), pH-response and sustained drug release behavior. Cytotoxicity experiments showed that GO-HA-RGD possessed excellent biocompatibility towards SKOV-3 and HOSEpiC cells...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Divya Kumari, Lubna Sheikh, Soumya Bhattacharya, Thomas J Webster, Suprabha Nayar
In this study, natural graphite was first converted to collagen-graphene composites and then used as templates for the synthesis of nanoparticles of silver, iron oxide, and hydroxyapatite. X-ray diffraction did not show any diffraction peaks of graphene in the composites after inorganic nucleation, compared to the naked composite which showed (002) and (004) peaks. Scanning electron micrographs showed lateral gluing/docking of these composites, possibly driven by an electrostatic attraction between the positive layers of one stack and negative layers of another, which became distorted after inorganic nucleation...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ozlem Erol, Idil Uyan, Meryem Hatip, Canelif Yilmaz, Ayse B Tekinay, Mustafa O Guler
One-dimensional (1D) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and the two-dimensional (2D) graphene represent the most widely studied allotropes of carbon. Due to their unique structural, electrical, mechanical and optical properties, 1D and 2D carbon nanostructures are considered to be leading candidates for numerous applications in biomedical fields, including tissue engineering, drug delivery, bioimaging and biosensors. The biocompatibility and toxicity issues associated with these nanostructures have been a critical impediment for their use in biomedical applications...
May 26, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Qi Zhang, Zhuona Wu, Ning Li, Yiqiong Pu, Bing Wang, Tong Zhang, Jiansheng Tao
The discovery of graphene, a notable achievement in the field of novel carbon nanomaterials, has triggered the worldwide exploration of the biomedical applications of this material since 2004 because of its unique properties. The two-dimensional planar structure, large surface area, chemical stability, mechanical stability, and good biocompatibility of graphene are promising for applications in drug delivery systems (DDSs). In this review, we briefly discuss the characteristics, synthesis, and modification of graphene...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Akshay Modi, Surendra Kumar Verma, Jayesh Bellare
Novel graphene oxide (G)-and d-α-Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (T)-doped polyethersulfone (P) hollow fiber membranes (GTP HFMs) were efficiently prepared. GTP HFMs were found to be a desirable biocompatible substrate for attachment and proliferation of human embryonic kidney-293 (HEK-293) cells. Significantly high porosity (94.58±1.1%), low contact angle (61.1±2.5°), low hemolysis (0.58% in batch mode and 0.64% in continuous mode), low terminal complement complex activation (SC5b-9 marker level ∼6...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Majid Arvand, Aazam A Mirroshandel
With the advantages of excellent optical properties and biocompatibility, single-strand DNA-functionalized quantum dots have been widely applied in biosensing and bioimaging. A new aptasensor with easy operation, high sensitivity, and high selectivity was developed by immobilizing the aptamer on water soluble l-cysteine capped ZnS quantum dots (QDs). Graphene oxide (GO) sheets are mixed with the aptamer-QDs. Consequently, the aptamer-conjugated QDs bind to the GO sheets to form a GO/aptamer-QDs ensemble. This aptasensor enables the energy transfer based on a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from the QDs to the GO sheets, quenching the fluorescence of QDs...
May 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Chengde Gao, Pei Feng, Shuping Peng, Cijun Shuai
The high brittleness and low strength of bioactive ceramics severely restricted their applications in bone repair despite they have been regarded as the most promising biomaterials. In the last few years, low-dimensional nanomaterials (LDNs), including carbon nanotubes, graphene and boron nitride nanotubes, have gained increasing attention owing to the favorable biocompatibility, large surface specific area and super mechanical properties, which makes LDNs potential nanofillers in reinforcing bioactive ceramics...
May 10, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Xiu-Xiu Dong, Li-Peng Yuan, Yi-Xin Liu, Min-Fu Wu, Bo Liu, Yuan-Ming Sun, Yu-Dong Shen, Zhen-Lin Xu
Progesterone (P4) is a kind of hormone that can cause neuropathic disturbances in humans when the concentration overpasses a certain degree. In this work, an electrochemical immunosensor capable of detecting P4 sensitively and selectively was developed. Thionine-graphene oxide (Thi-GO) composites with excellent biocompatibility were synthesized and coated to a clear glassy carbon electrode. P4 coating antigen (P4-OVA) was immobilized to the electrode, then sample as well as biotinylated antibody (biotin-P4 Ab) were added...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
Xueping Wang, Rui Xu, Xu Sun, Yaoguang Wang, Xiang Ren, Bin Du, Dan Wu, Qin Wei
An ultrasensitive sandwich-type photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensor was constructed for the detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA). In this work, Au-nanoparticle-loaded tungsten oxide (WO3-Au) hybrid composites was applied as PEC sensing platform, while Ca ions doped CdSe equipped on the conducting framework of reduced graphene oxide (rGO-Ca:CdSe) nanocomposites were employed as the signal amplification probe. As for WO3-Au, massive Au nanoparticles were formed on the surface of WO3 without any additional reducing agent, providing a novel nanocarriers for anchoring plenty of the primary antibodies due to the large specific surface area and good biocompatibility by chemical bonding between Au nanoparticles and -NH2 of antibodies...
May 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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