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Bipolar medication reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144538/control-of-hemorrhage-through-the-osteotomy-gap-during-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy-9-cases
#1
Luis Matres-Lorenzo, Aidan McAlinden, Antoine Bernardé, Fabrice Bernard
OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to control intraoperative hemorrhage during tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and report subsequent short-term and long-term complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Nine dogs with arterial hemorrhage during TPLO. METHODS: Medical records of dogs with hemorrhage controlled through the osteotomy gap of a TPLO were reviewed at 2 institutions over 8 years...
November 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143952/-the-effect-of-mood-stabilising-drugs-on-cytokine-levels-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
S Van Den Ameele, L van Diermen, W Staels, V Coppens, G Dumont, B Sabbe, M Morrens
Veranderde cytokineconcentraties bij personen met een bipolaire stoornis ten opzichte van controle-personen suggereren een rol van het immuunsysteem in de pathofysiologie van bipolaire stoornis. Farmacotherapie is een belangrijke verstorende factor in klinisch onderzoek naar cytokineconcentraties.<br/> DOEL: Evalueren van cytokineconcentraties bij medicatievrije patiënten met een bipolaire stoornis en van het effect van stemmingsstabiliserende geneesmiddelen op deze concentraties.<br/> METHODE: We doorzochten systematisch PubMed en Embase naar klinische studies die cytokineconcentraties bij medicatievrije patiënten met een bipolaire stoornis beschrijven of het effect van een individueel stemmingsstabiliserend geneesmiddel op deze concentraties evalueren...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098136/the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Vikram Kumar, Yasar Sattar, Anan Bseiso, Sara Khan, Ian H Rutkofsky
This review article is an overview of the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. ICBT's effectiveness has been investigated in treating and managing conditions like depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), adjustment disorder, bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and phobias. ICBT's role in the treatment of medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus with comorbid psychiatric illnesses was also explored...
August 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077135/-usefulness-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-depression
#5
A de Bruijn, I Tendolkar, J Spijker, M Lochmann van Bennekom, P van Eijndhoven
BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been found to be an effective technique in the treatment of unipolar depression. However, it is not yet clear whether rTMS is also useful in the treatment of bipolar depression. AIM: To evaluate the available evidence that rTMS is effective in the treatment of bipolar depression. METHOD: Review of available literature (RCTs and open-label studies). RESULTS: We looked closely at four RCTs and four open-label studies...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069113/renal-concerns-relative-to-the-use-of-lithium-in-geriatric-bipolar-disorder-patients
#6
Jakub Szpunar, Hitoshi Maeshima, George T Grossberg
BACKGROUND: Lithium is a first-line treatment for bipolar disorder in geriatric patients; however, it has long been associated with potentially significant renal consequences, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We reviewed the available evidence to characterize the effects of lithium on renal function, provide a consensus on periodic monitoring, and propose criteria for transitioning an older patient with bipolar disorder and renal issues to an alternate medication...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069112/systematic-review-of-recent-guidelines-for-pharmacological-treatments-of-bipolar-disorders-in-adults
#7
Stephen Hammett, Nagy A Youssef
BACKGROUND: To examine the similarities and differences among practice guidelines for managing bipolar disorders (BDs) in adults. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed/Medline was performed using multiple search terms and bibliographies for guidelines from July 2013 (since FDA approval of lurasidone) to June 2017. RESULTS: Six treatment guidelines for BDs in adults were identified. These guidelines showed consensus on first-line treatment of mania (moodstabilizer and/or an antipsychotic), and most first-line medications for bipolar depression...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065589/the-electrode-modality-development-in-pulsed-electric-field-treatment-facilitates-biocellular-mechanism-study-and-improves-cancer-ablation-efficacy
#8
REVIEW
Chao Cen, Xinhua Chen
Pulsed electric field treatment is now widely used in diverse biological and medical applications: gene delivery, electrochemotherapy, and cancer therapy. This minimally invasive technique has several advantages over traditional ablation techniques, such as nonthermal elimination and blood vessel spare effect. Different electrodes are subsequently developed for a specific treatment purpose. Here, we provide a systematic review of electrode modality development in pulsed electric field treatment. For electrodes invented for experiment in vitro, sheet electrode and electrode cuvette, electrodes with high-speed fluorescence imaging system, electrodes with patch-clamp, and electrodes with confocal laser scanning microscopy are introduced...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045768/a-brief-history-of-lithium-treatment-in-psychiatry
#9
Mark L Ruffalo
The history of lithium as a psychiatric medication is marked by its serendipitous discovery, its lengthy path to US Food and Drug Administration approval, and controversy surrounding its current status in bipolar disorder treatment. Without doubt, the discovery of lithium as a psychotropic agent forever changed the course of psychiatry. The drug's fascinating, and sometimes contentious, history is reviewed here.
October 12, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979128/medical-comorbidities-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-a-retrospective-study-of-mental-health-patients-attending-an-outpatient-clinic-in-qatar
#10
Monica Zolezzi, Sara Abdulrhim, Nour Isleem, Farah Zahrah, Yassin Eltorki
BACKGROUND: The life span of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) is shorter compared to the general population. This excess mortality is mainly due to physical illness. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence rates of different physical illnesses in individuals with SMI and to examine how these are being managed. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of a cohort of patients with SMI. A comprehensive electronic data extraction tool using SurveyMonkey(®) was used to collect patient demographics, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, medications and all relevant physical assessments...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976944/the-new-news-about-lithium-an-underutilized-treatment-in-the-united-states
#11
Robert M Post
Lithium use for the treatment of mood disorders remains quite low, particularly in the United States compared to some European countries. Mogens Schou pioneered the study of lithium for prophylaxis of the recurrent mood disorder and encouraged its greater use. In an effort to further address the appropriate role of this drug, the multiple assets of lithium beyond its well-know anti-manic effect are reviewed, and a brief summary of its side effects is outlined. It appears that lithium has positive effects in depression and suicide prevention, cognition, and reducing the incidence of dementia...
October 4, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969861/the-mirnome-of-bipolar-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Gabriel R Fries, Andre F Carvalho, Joao Quevedo
BACKGROUND: Epigenetic mechanisms have been suggested to play a key role in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD), among which microRNAs (miRNAs) may be of particular significance according to recent studies. We aimed to summarize miRNA studies in BD to identify consistent findings, limitations, and future directions of this emerging field. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search on PUBMED and Medline for studies investigating an association between BD and miRNAs...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965429/clinically-relevant-treatment-considerations-regarding-lithium-use-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Tara Richardson, Matthew Macaluso
The goal of this paper is to provide a practical, clinically oriented review of lithium, a salt widely used to treat mania since the 1870s and formally approved as a mood stabilizer in 1970. Although lithium is still considered a first-line treatment for bipolar mania in most practice guidelines, its use may be overshadowed by newer psychotropic medications. Areas covered: This paper addresses the historical use of lithium, modern indications for its use, guidelines for prescribing and monitoring continued lithium use, drug-drug interactions, and pharmacodynamics/pharmacokinetic properties...
November 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953820/study-on-the-prescribing-patterns-of-antipsychotic-medication-in-a-rural-england-community-mental-health-team
#14
Madhavan Seshadri, Ahmed Elsemary, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Lawrence Chikodzore, Priya Nagalingam
INTRODUCTION: Providing comprehensive services for about 400 patients in the South Herefordshire area, the community mental health team manages cases of varying severity and complexity, ranging from Schizophrenia, to neuroses and disorders of adult personality. Antipsychotic medication remains a mainstay of treatment and management for patients under the team case load; hence a need exists for a detailed look into the prescription patterns of such medications. AIM: The aim of this study was to look into the prescribing patterns of antipsychotics for a sample of 50 patients in the South Herefordshire community team during the year of 2016 (from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016), as well as investigate whether these antipsychotics were licensed to be used for the corresponding diagnoses of these patients...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953637/sudden-valproate-induced-hyperammonemia-managed-with-l-carnitine-in-a-medically-healthy-bipolar-patient-essential-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report
#15
REVIEW
Carlo Ignazio Cattaneo, Francesca Ressico, Roberta Valsesia, Pierluigi D'Innella, Matteo Ballabio, Michele Fornaro
RATIONALE: Valproic Acid is a commonly used psychiatric drug primarily used as a mood stabilizer. Mild hyperammonemia is a Valproic Acid common adverse effect. This report presents an example of treated hyperammonemia on Valproic acid therapy managed with L-carnitine administration in BD patients characterized by sudden vulnerability. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 29-year-old man suffering from bipolar disorder (BD) and substance use disorder who exhibited sudden altered mental status upon admittance to the inpatient unit...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952832/prevalence-and-pattern-of-antipsychotic-induced-movement-disorders-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Nimisha Desai, Parvati B Patel, Sandip Shah, Tejas K Patel, Saurabh N Shah, Ela Vatsala
OBJECTIVES: To assess prevalence and pattern of movement disorders among patients taking antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This cross-sectional, intensive monitoring (patient interview, case record form review and clinical examination) study was conducted in patients taking antipsychotic drugs irrespective of duration for the development of movement disorders. The psychiatrist used Modified Simpson-Angus Scale score (10-item scale), Barnes' rating scale and Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale to diagnose parkinsonism, akathisia and tardive dyskinesia, respectively...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951141/maintenance-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-relapse-prevention-in-with-depression-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
Major depressive disorder is a highly prevalent condition with significant morbidity and mortality. Recurrent episodes occur in greater than 50% of patients within a one year period despite treatment with antidepressant medications, electroconvulsive therapy and psychotherapy. Longer antidepressant treatment may prevent relapses and recurrences. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are needed such as maintenance repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique in the long-term treatment and relapse prevention of depression...
September 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941119/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937973/oral-and-dental-health-issues-in-people-with-mental-disorders
#19
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Israel González
Patients with mental disorders are subject to a greater number of risk factors for oral and dental disease than the general population. This is mostly caused by the side effects of the medications that they receive, lack of self-care, difficulty to access health services, a negative attitude towards healthcare providers, and patients’ lack of cooperation in dental treatments. The most common psychiatric disorders in our population are depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dementia...
September 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937707/meta-analysis-of-the-antidepressant-effects-of-acute-sleep-deprivation
#20
Elaine M Boland, Hengyi Rao, David F Dinges, Rachel V Smith, Namni Goel, John A Detre, Mathias Basner, Yvette I Sheline, Michael E Thase, Philip R Gehrman
OBJECTIVE: To provide a quantitative meta-analysis of the antidepressant effects of sleep deprivation to complement qualitative reviews addressing response rates. DATA SOURCES: English-language studies from 1974 to 2016 using the keywords sleep deprivation and depression searched through PubMed and PsycINFO databases. STUDY SELECTION: A total of 66 independent studies met criteria for inclusion: conducted experimental sleep deprivation, reported the percentage of the sample that responded to sleep deprivation, provided a priori definition of antidepressant response, and did not seamlessly combine sleep deprivation with other therapies (eg, chronotherapeutics, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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