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Bipolar medication reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335872/cognitive-impairment-in-euthymic-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Liana R Elias, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Antônio M O Vale, Cristiano A Köhler, Hanne L Kjærstad, Brendon Stubbs, Lars V Kessing, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Benjamin I Goldstein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating neurocognition in euthymic youths with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases from inception up until March 23, 2016, for original peer-reviewed articles that investigated neurocognition in euthymic youths with BD compared to HCs. Effect sizes (ES) for individual tests were extracted...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#2
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325146/hypersexuality-as-a-neuropsychiatric-disorder-the-neurobiology-and-treatment-options
#3
Hatta Sidi, Muna Asiff, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Nurul Hazwani Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Hypersexuality refers to abnormally increased or extreme involvement in any sexual activity. It is clinically challenging, presents trans-diagnostically and there is extensive medical literature addressing nosology, pathogenesis and neuropsychiatric aspects. Classification includes deviant behaviours, diagnosable entities related to impulsivity, and obsessional phenomena. Some clinicians view an increase in sexual desire as 'normal' while psychodynamic theorists consider it ego-defensive at times alleviating unconscious anxiety rooted in intrapsychic conflicts...
March 21, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323174/multicenter-investigation-of-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-algorithm-to-detect-oversensing
#4
Nicolas Welte, Marc Strik, Romain Eschalier, Pierre Mondoly, Pascal Defaye, Antonio Frontera, Philippe Ritter, Michel Haïssaguerre, Sylvain Ploux, Jayanthi Koneru, Kenneth A Ellenbogen, Pierre Bordachar
BACKGROUND: The SecureSense™ RV Lead Noise Discrimination algorithm is designed to detect lead fracture and other types of oversensing in order to decrease inappropriate therapy. OBJECTIVE: We studied the real-life accuracy of the SecureSenseTM algorithm in ICD patients followed by remote-monitoring across multiple centers. METHODS: Across three French centers, we studied 486 patients with a St. Jude Medical device who were followed by remote-monitoring and who had the SecureSense™ algorithm activated...
March 18, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322279/pluripotent-stem-cells-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#5
REVIEW
M A Soliman, F Aboharb, N Zeltner, L Studer
Neuropsychiatric disorders place an enormous medical burden on patients across all social and economic ranks. The current understanding of the molecular and cellular causes of neuropsychiatric disease remains limited, which leads to a lack of targeted therapies. Human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology offers a novel platform for modeling the genetic contribution to mental disorders and yields access to patient-specific cells for drug discovery and personalized medicine. Here, we review recent progress in using iPSC technology to model and potentially treat neuropsychiatric disorders by focusing on the most prevalent conditions in psychiatry, including depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303578/compulsory-community-and-involuntary-outpatient-treatment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Steve R Kisely, Leslie A Campbell, Richard O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) reduces health service use, or improves clinical outcome and social functioning. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (2003, 2008, 2012, 8 November 2013, 3 June 2016)...
March 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301219/management-of-comorbid-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorders
#7
Ihsan M Salloum, Edson Sherwood Brown
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of substance use disorders (SUDs) in bipolar disorder is among the highest in psychiatric disorders. Evidence-based controlled psychosocial or pharmacological interventions trials, which may guide treatment decisions, have not been systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To present a narrative review of the public health and clinical significance of this condition, including diagnostic and treatment implications, and to evaluate controlled trials conducted to date...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291043/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-treatment-emergent-mania-and-hypomania-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Fady Rachid
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on treatment-emergent mania/hypomania (TEM) associated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). METHODS: English-language studies involving possible rTMS-induced mania/hypomania published between 1966 and 2015 were retrieved through a Medline search using the search terms mania, hypomania, mixed affective state, treatment-emergent, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and rTMS. Fifteen case series and controlled studies describing TEM associated with rTMS treatment have been published involving 24 individuals, most of whom were diagnosed with either bipolar I or II disorder or major depressive disorder...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261061/molecular-mechanisms-of-bipolar-disorder-progress-made-and-future-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Yeni Kim, Renata Santos, Fred H Gage, Maria C Marchetto
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic and progressive psychiatric illness characterized by mood oscillations, with episodes of mania and depression. The impact of BD on patients can be devastating, with up to 15% of patients committing suicide. This disorder is associated with psychiatric and medical comorbidities and patients with a high risk of drug abuse, metabolic and endocrine disorders and vascular disease. Current knowledge of the pathophysiology and molecular mechanisms causing BD is still modest. With no clear biological markers available, early diagnosis is a great challenge to clinicians without previous knowledge of the longitudinal progress of illness...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260229/is-there-consensus-across-international-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-bipolar-disorder
#10
REVIEW
G B Parker, R K Graham, G Tavella
OBJECTIVE: To examine the level of agreement across professionally auspiced evidence-based guidelines for managing the bipolar disorders. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed, the National Guideline Clearinghouse, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and PsycInfo was undertaken using the search terms 'bipolar disorder' and 'guidelines', generating 11 evidence-based guidelines published by professional organisations over the 2002-2015 period. Each guideline was reviewed by two independent reviewers and key themes extracted via qualitative analyses...
March 5, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249543/initial-single-center-experience-radiofrequency-ablation-assisted-vertebroplasty-and-osteoplasty-using-a-bipolar-device-in-the-palliation-of-bone-metastases
#11
Elizabeth David, Sagi Kaduri, Albert Yee, Edward Chow, Arjun Sahgal, Stephanie Chan, Ramez Hanna
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and clinical outcomes of bipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) assisted vertebroplasty (VP) and osteoplasty (OP) in pathological and insufficiency fractures. The insufficiency fractures were in patients who sustained demineralization secondary to cancer treatment. METHODS: Patients referred for symptomatic malignant or insufficiency fractures for VP or OP from January 2011 to May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Bipolar RFA was performed (Osteocool RF ablation system, Baylis Medical) reaching a constant temperature of 70 ℃ over 7 to 15 minutes followed by cement injection...
January 16, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224373/drug-induced-liver-injury-in-the-setting-of-glycogenic-hepatopathy
#12
Valmiki Maharaj, Matthew Fitz, Xianzdong Ding
Glycogenic hepatopathy (GH) is an underdiagnosed complication of uncontrolled type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). It appears as an acute relapsing hepatitis with reversible transaminase elevations secondary to excessive hepatic glycogen accumulation. Patients are often asymptomatic but can present with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Physical examination shows hepatomegaly without splenomegaly. GH is diagnosed by biopsy as it is clinically indistinguishable from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a more common cause of hepatic dysfunction in diabetics...
February 21, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209591/psychosocial-therapies-for-the-adjunctive-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-in-adults-network-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Mary Lou Chatterton, Emily Stockings, Michael Berk, Jan J Barendregt, Rob Carter, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BackgroundFew trials have compared psychosocial therapies for people with bipolar affective disorder, and conventional meta-analyses provided limited comparisons between therapies.AimsTo combine evidence for the efficacy of psychosocial interventions used as adjunctive treatment of bipolar disorder in adults, using network meta-analysis (NMA).MethodSystematic review identified studies and NMA was used to pool data on relapse to mania or depression, medication adherence, and symptom scales for mania, depression and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208695/the-role-of-inhaled-loxapine-in-the-treatment-of-acute-agitation-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-clinical-review
#14
REVIEW
Domenico de Berardis, Michele Fornaro, Laura Orsolini, Felice Iasevoli, Carmine Tomasetti, Andrea de Bartolomeis, Nicola Serroni, Alessandro Valchera, Alessandro Carano, Federica Vellante, Stefano Marini, Monica Piersanti, Giampaolo Perna, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
Loxapine is a first generation antipsychotic, belonging to the dibenzoxazepine class. Recently, loxapine has been reformulated at a lower dose, producing an inhaled powder that can be directly administered to the lungs to treat the agitation associated with psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Thus, the aim of this narrative and clinical mini-review was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of inhaled loxapine in the treatment of acute agitation in patients with psychiatric disorders...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185785/can-antibiotics-cause-a-psychosis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Duy Ly, Lynn E DeLisi
It is relatively unknown that some of the possible side effects of antibiotic treatment can be transient psychotic episodes and other encephalopathies such as seizure disorders. Since these are rare events, there have not been many studies about them, nor is there a clear understanding of the underlying basis for these symptoms. This phenomenon was recently brought to our attention by a patient whose case history is discussed here. For the past few years, he has been diagnosed at different times with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder with psychosis, temporal lobe epilepsy, and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures...
February 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169206/bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-selection-factors-postoperative-visit-attendance-and-weight-outcomes
#16
Kelli E Friedman, Katherine Applegate, Dana Portenier, Megan A McVay
BACKGROUND: As many as 3% of bariatric surgery candidates are diagnosed with a bipolar spectrum disorder. OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe differences between patients with bipolar spectrum disorders who are approved and not approved for surgery by the mental health evaluator and 2) to examine surgical outcomes of patients with bipolar spectrum disorders. SETTING: Academic medical center, United States. METHODS: A retrospective record review was conducted of consecutive patients who applied for bariatric surgery between 2004 and 2009...
October 17, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160772/renal-safety-of-lithium-in-hiv-infected-patients-established-on-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-containing-antiretroviral-therapy-analysis-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Eric H Decloedt, Maia Lesosky, Gary Maartens, John A Joska
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of bipolar disorder in HIV-infected patients is higher than the general population. Lithium is the most effective mood stabiliser, while tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is frequently used as part of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). Both TDF and lithium are associated with renal tubular toxicity, which could be additive, or a pharmacokinetic interaction may occur at renal transporters with a decrease in TDF elimination. OBJECTIVE: We report on the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the modification of diet in renal disease formula in participants who received ART including TDF and were enrolled in a 24 week randomised trial of lithium versus placebo in patients with HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment...
February 4, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139249/interventions-to-improve-pharmacological-adherence-among-adults-with-psychotic-spectrum-disorders-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Daniel Hartung, Allison Low, Kazuaki Jindai, David Mansoor, Matthew Judge, Aaron Mendelson, Devan Kansagara, Makalapua Motu Apuaka, Michele Freeman, Karli Kondo
BACKGROUND: It is unclear as to which interventions are effective at improving medication adherence in individuals with serious and persistent mental illness. The goal of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence examining the effectiveness, harms, and costs of interventions to improve medication adherence in patients with psychotic spectrum disorders and bipolar disorder. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of several electronic databases through January 2015 using a structured search strategy...
October 13, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112539/long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Sarah Lytle, Molly McVoy, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: While a number of articles have reviewed the use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) in first-episode psychosis, there has been extremely limited focus on LAIs in children and adolescents. This review of the literature evaluated use of LAIs in children and youth under the age of 18. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases using keywords related to LAIs, children, and psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107669/medical-comorbidity-in-bipolar-disorder-the-link-with-metabolic-inflammatory-systems
#20
REVIEW
Ana SayuriYamagata, Elisa Brietzke, Joshua D Rosenblat, Ron Kakar, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation, several medical comorbidities and a decreased life expectancy. Metabolic-inflammatory changes have been postulated as one of the main links between BD and medical comorbidity, although there are few studies exploring possible mechanisms underlying this relationship. Therefore, the aims of the current narrative review were 1) synthesize the evidence for metabolic-inflammatory changes that may facilitate the link between medical comorbidity and BD and 2) discuss therapeutic and preventive implications of these pathways...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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