keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Abdominal radiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109716/primary-mesenchymal-liver-tumors-of-childhood
#1
Omer Saeed, Romil Saxena
Primary mesenchymal tumors of the liver represent a significant proportion of liver tumors among neonates, infants and young children. They may be discovered incidentally or present with an alarmingly large, rapidly growing abdominal mass. One third of pediatric liver tumors are benign with hemangioma and mesenchymal hamartoma being the commonest in that order. Infantile hemangioendothelioma and mesenchymal hamartoma represent the commonest liver tumors among neonates and infants. Mesenchymal hamartoma may even present in utero...
December 23, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108881/diagnostic-performance-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-in-identifying-the-etiology-of-respiratory-distress-in-neonates
#2
Harish Rachuri, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Srinivas Murki, Sreeram Subramanian, Jayalatha Nethagani
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic test performance of Point of care ultrasonography (PoC-USG) for identifying the etiology of respiratory distress (RD) in neonates when combination of radiological and clinical criteria is considered as the gold standard. METHODS: A neonate was included in the study if he/she had RD and underwent x-ray chest and ultrasound within 4 h of admission and the age was less than 24 h. The neonates admitted with non-respiratory illness were chosen as controls...
January 21, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104932/abdominal-lymphatic-malformation-spectrum-of-imaging-findings
#3
Anupam Lal, Pankaj Gupta, Manphool Singhal, Saroj K Sinha, Sadhana Lal, Surinder Rana, Niranjan Khandelwal
Lymphatic malformations are congenital vascular malformations with lymphatic differentiation. Although the most common locations for lymphatic malformation are the neck and axilla, they can occur at several locations in the body including the abdomen. The abdominal location is rather rare and accounts for approximately 5% of all lymphatic malformation. Abdominal lymphatic malformation can arise from mesentery, omentum, gastrointestinal tract, and retroperitoneum. Clinical presentation includes an abdominal lump, vague abdominal discomfort, and secondary complications including intestinal obstruction, volvulus, ischemia, and bleeding...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099351/effectiveness-of-a-radiation-reduction-campaign-targeting-children-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#4
Hyuksool Kwon, Jae Yun Jung
Children feature more active cellular division and a smaller body area, which leads to a greater radiation dosage accumulation. We tried to reduce radiation hazards by reducing unnecessary radiological studies in a pediatric emergency department (PED) through the radiation reduction campaign.Our campaign involved a reduction from 2 (erect and supine) to 1 ordered abdominal plain radiograph (erect). This quasi-experimental, uncontrolled before-and-after study aimed to evaluate the campaign effect. We compared simple radiograph orders, length of stay (LOS) in PED, and return visit (RV) to PED between the before period (June 1, 2011-May 30, 2014) and the after period (June 1, 2014-May 30, 2015)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096724/essential-items-for-structured-reporting-of-rectal-cancer-mri-2016-consensus-recommendation-from-the-korean-society-of-abdominal-radiology
#5
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
High-resolution rectal MRI plays a crucial role in evaluating rectal cancer by providing multiple prognostic findings and imaging features that guide proper patient management. Quality reporting is critical for accurate effective communication of the information among multiple disciplines, for which a systematic structured approach is beneficial. Existing guides on reporting of rectal MRI are divergent on some issues, largely reflecting the differences in overall management of rectal cancer patients between the United States and Europe...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092257/-chilaiditi-s-sign-and-syndrome-case-report
#6
César Raúl Aguilar-García, Jesús García-Acosta
The interposition of a portion of the colon between the liver and the diaphragm is called Chilaiditi sign and discovered incidentally during radiological study for other reasons and usually asymptomatic presentation. When the discovery is accompanied by clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, constipation called Chilaiditi Syndrome. The Chilaiditi sign is a very rare condition, and the Chilaiditi syndrome is even more, especially if associated with other acute diseases. We report the case of a man of 41 years was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty was diagnosed with radiographic and tomographic images making the differential diagnosis with lung abscess and diaphragmatic hernia...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091891/adrenal-teratoma-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Eric J Kuo, Anthony E Sisk, Zhiming Yang, Jiaoti Huang, Michael W Yeh, Masha J Livhits
Adrenal teratomas are rare neoplasms and there is limited data on their surgical outcomes and long-term prognosis. We aimed to review our institutional experience and compare this to the existing literature on adrenal teratomas in adults and children. An institutional pathology database was searched for cases of adrenal teratoma (June 1956-July 2016). Clinical and imaging data were abstracted from the medical records and pathology slides were obtained for review. In addition, a PubMed search for "adrenal teratoma" from June 1952 to July 2016 was performed to identify reports of primary adrenal teratoma in patients of all ages...
January 14, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079824/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-of-the-pancreas-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yung-Cheng Lin, Ming-Lun Yeh, Yaw-Sen Chen, Yu-Tsun Su, Ching-Chung Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are an uncommon neoplasm, which are very rarely located in the pancreas. Clinically and radiologically, this rare pancreatic tumor presents as an abdominal mass lesion that mimics other pancreatic tumors, and should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumors. CLINICAL FINDINGS AND DIAGNOSIS: The 15-year-old boy complained of abdominal pain over the left upper quadrant with intermittent fever for 7 days...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075196/typhlitis-neutropenic-enterocolitis-in-patients-with-acute-leukemia-a-review
#9
Rodrigo Portugal, Marcio Nucci
Typhlitis is an abdominal complication of cancer chemotherapy, affecting mostly patients receiving intensive chemotherapeutic regimens with high potential to induce mucosal damage, such as patients with acute leukemia. Despite being relatively frequent, there are no randomized trials or high-quality cohort studies addressing important aspects of the diagnosis and management of the disease. Areas covered: In this review we discuss the gaps in the literature, acknowledging that the evidences for recommendations regarding the management of typhlitis are mostly expert opinion...
January 11, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075034/abdominal-lean-muscle-is-associated-with-lower-mortality-among-kidney-waitlist-candidates
#10
Jayme E Locke, J Jeff Carr, Sangeeta Nair, James G Terry, Rhiannon D Reed, Grant D Smith, Dorry L Segev, Vineeta Kumar, Cora E Lewis
Morphometric assessments, such as muscle density and body fat distribution, have emerged as strong predictors of cardiovascular risk and post-operative morbidity and mortality. To date, no study has examined morphometric mortality risk prediction among kidney transplant (KT) candidates. KT candidates, waitlisted 2008-2009 were identified (n=96) and followed to the earliest of transplant, death, or administrative end of study. Morphometric measures, including abdominal adipose tissue, paraspinous and psoas muscle composition, and aortic calcification were measured from CTs...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068728/-a-rare-case-of-coecal-volvulus-after-colonoskopy-due-to-a%C3%A2-mobile-coekum-diagnosis-surgical-therapy-and-postoperative-complications
#11
Christian Beltzer, Axel Geiger, Roland Schmidt, Burkhardt Danz, Amrei Maier, Richard Karpa, Nektarios Dikopoulos
Colonoscopy, either performed as screening or as a therapeutic proceedure, is, in general, very safe with only a few cases of serious complications. Most cases of bleeding after endoscopic polypectomy can be safely managed endoscopically. The rare cases of colonic perforations still have to be managed by surgical intervention. The postpolypectomy-coagulation syndrome and a cecal volvulus are very rare complicatoions after colonoscopy. In the current manuscript, we describe a rare case of a cecal volvulus after routine colonoscopy due to an unknown mobile coecum as a predisposition...
January 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058018/factors-associated-with-surgery-in-patients-with-intra-abdominal-fistulizing-crohn-s-disease
#12
Shaul Yaari, Ariel Benson, Eyal Aviran, Naama Lev Cohain, Ran Oren, Jacob Sosna, Eran Israeli
AIM: To characterize radiological and clinical factors associated with subsequent surgical intervention in Crohn's disease (CD) patients with intra-abdominal fistulae. METHODS: From a cohort of 1244 CD patients seen over an eight year period (2006 to 2014), 126 patients were identified as having intra-abdominal fistulae, and included in the study. Baseline patient information was collected from the medical records. Imaging studies were assessed for: anatomic type and number of fistulae; diameter of the inflammatory conglomerate; length of diseased bowel; presence of a stricture with pre-stenotic dilatation; presence of an abscess; lymphadenopathy; and the degree of bowel enhancement...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056937/characteristics-associated-with-progression-in-patients-with-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Soo Jung Kim, Soon Ho Yoon, Sun Mi Choi, Jinwoo Lee, Chang-Hoon Lee, Sung Koo Han, Jae-Joon Yim
BACKGROUND: Patients with distinctive morphotype were more susceptible to nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD). However, little is known about the association between body morphotype and progression of NTM-LD. The aim of this study was to elucidate predictors of NTM-LD progression, focusing on body morphotype and composition. METHODS: Data from patients with NTM-LD who participated in NTM cohort which started in 1 July 2011 were analyzed. Patients with more than 6 months of follow up were included for analysis...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050442/pancreatic-tuberculosis-a-puzzle-for-physicians-a-rare-case-and-review-of-literature
#14
Prashanth Ashok Kumar, Gursharan Singh, John Biku Joseph, S Swaminathan, L Venkatakrishnan
Pancreatic Tuberculosis is an uncommon form of extra pulmonary tuberculosis that resembles malignancy of pancreas and serve as a diagnostic challenge for physicians. Conservative management with Anti Tuberculosis Therapy (ATT) will suffice for pancreatic tuberculosis whereas a malignancy may require major surgeries which may lead to significant morbidity. Here, we discuss the case of a female patient who presented with abdominal pain and vomiting and is a known case of chronic calcific pancreatitis. Radiological findings were that of malignancy of the pancreas...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049553/validation-of-intimate-correlation-between-visceral-fat-and-hepatic-steatosis-quantitative-measurement-techniques-using-ct-for-area-of%C3%A2-fat-and-mr-for-hepatic-steatosis
#15
Moon Hyung Choi, Joon-Il Choi, Michael Yong Park, Sung Eun Rha, Soon Nam Oh, Seung Eun Jung, Jae Young Byun, Stephan Kannengiesser, Yohan Son
BACKGROUND & AIM: The relationship between obesity and hepatic steatosis is well known, and there are many methods to measure obesity and severity of hepatic steatosis. Because of advances in radiologic techniques, the areas of certain body components can be measured on computed tomography (CT) while the severity of hepatic steatosis can be measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) with high accuracy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between degree of fatty infiltration of the liver measured by MRS and body composition measured from CT images...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048585/tu-d-206-03-ts-body-dose
#16
J Sabol
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048053/tu-d-206-00-body-tomosynthesis
#17
Michael Flynn
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047922/tu-d-206-04-body-ts-acceptance-testing-and-qc
#18
A Jones
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047392/tu-d-206-01-body-tomosynthesis-introduction
#19
M Bath
: The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047300/tu-d-209-05-automatic-calculation-of-organ-and-effective-dose-for-cbct-and-interventional-fluoroscopic-procedures
#20
Z Xiong, S Vijayan, A Oines, S Rudin, D Bednarek
PURPOSE: To compare PCXMC and EGSnrc calculated organ and effective radiation doses from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and interventional fluoroscopically-guided procedures using automatic exposure-event grouping. METHODS: For CBCT, we used PCXMC20Rotation.exe to automatically calculate the doses and compared the results to those calculated using EGSnrc with the Zubal patient phantom. For interventional procedures, we use the dose tracking system (DTS) which we previously developed to produce a log file of all geometry and exposure parameters for every x-ray pulse during a procedure, and the data in the log file is input into PCXMC and EGSnrc for dose calculation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
11083
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"