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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594529/concussion-in-sports-what-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-need-to-know
#1
Patrick J Cahill, Christian Refakis, Eileen Storey, William C Warner
A concussion is a relatively common sports-related injury that affects athletes of all ages. Although not expected to replace sports medicine physicians and neurologists with regard to the management of concussions, orthopaedic surgeons, particularly those who are fellowship-trained in sports medicine, must have a current knowledge base of what a concussion is, how a concussion is diagnosed, and how a concussion should be managed. Orthopaedic surgeons should understand the pathophysiology, assessment, and management of concussion so that they have a basic comprehension of this injury that is at the forefront of the academic literature and North American media...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580370/robotic-assist-as-needed-as-an-alternative-to-therapist-assisted-gait-rehabilitation
#2
Shraddha Srivastava, Pei Chun Kao, Darcy S Reisman, John P Scholz, Sunil K Agrawal, Jill S Higginson
OBJECTIVE: Body Weight Supported Treadmill Training (BWSTT) with therapists' assistance is often used for gait rehabilitation post-stroke. However, this training method is labor-intensive, requiring at least one or as many as three therapists at once for manual assistance. Previously, we demonstrated that providing movement guidance using a performance-based robot-aided gait training (RAGT) that applies a compliant, assist-as-needed force-field improves gait pattern and functional walking ability in people post-stroke...
October 2016: International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579021/utility-of-the-revised-version-of-the-ability-for-basic-movement-scale-in-predicting-ambulation-during-rehabilitation-in-poststroke-patients
#3
Shoji Kinoshita, Masahiro Abo, Takatsugu Okamoto, Naojiro Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test the hypothesis that the Revised Version of the Ability for Basic Movement Scale (ABMSII) can predict ambulation during rehabilitation in poststroke patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included first-ever stroke patients who were admitted to the rehabilitation ward and were dependent in walking. ABMSII scores were assessed by physical therapists on admission to the hospital. Functional ambulation category (FAC) was assessed every 2 weeks during hospitalization...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#4
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515983/a-conceptual-model-for-physical-therapists-treating-athletes-with-protracted-recovery-following-a-concussion
#5
Mark Lundblad
Sports-related concussions are receiving growing attention in healthcare. Most concussions resolve spontaneously with little or no treatment, but twenty percent of concussions take longer than three weeks to resolve. In some cases, symptoms can last for five years following a traumatic brain injury. Physical Therapists have unique skills that can assist patients experiencing protracted recovery. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to describe a new conceptual model that provides a framework for Physical Therapy management of patients with protracted recovery following a sports-related concussion...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413013/-adaptation-of-the-home-the-occupational-therapist-s-assessment
#6
Éloïse Doiezie, Laura Salgado-Sanchez, Éric Pautas
When the functional independence of elderly people starts to diminish, the choice of adapted assistive devices and some simple modifications to the home can allow them to continue to perform their daily tasks safely and easily. Likewise, when physical dependency is established, the choice of relevant assistive devices enables these people to continue living in their home in the right conditions, both for the person concerned as well as for their direct carers. In these different situations, the assessment by the occupational therapist enables the solutions to be adjusted to the capacities, the morphology and the lifestyles of the elderly person...
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386536/the-otago-exercise-program-innovative-delivery-models-to-maximize-sustained-outcomes-for-high-risk-homebound-older-adults
#7
Tiffany E Shubert, Lavinia Spring Goto, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Holly Rudman, Marcia G Ory
BACKGROUND: It is estimated one in two adults age 80 and over fall each year, resulting in substantial morbidity and mortality rates among this oldest-old population. The Otago Exercise program (OEP) is an evidence-based fall prevention program shown to reduce falls by 35% among high-risk older adults. The OEP was designed to be delivered in the home by physical therapists. This model has encountered multiple implementation challenges in the United States health-care system, which has resulted in the development and testing of innovative models to support a broader reach and dissemination of this program...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384682/interactive-voice-response-based-self-management-for-chronic-back-pain-the-copes-noninferiority-randomized-trial
#8
Alicia A Heapy, Diana M Higgins, Joseph L Goulet, Kathryn M LaChappelle, Mary A Driscoll, Rebecca A Czlapinski, Eugenia Buta, John D Piette, Sarah L Krein, Robert D Kerns
Importance: Recommendations for chronic pain treatment emphasize multimodal approaches, including nonpharmacologic interventions to enhance self-management. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment that facilitates management of chronic pain and improves outcomes, but access barriers persist. Cognitive behavioral therapy delivery assisted by health technology can obviate the need for in-person visits, but the effectiveness of this alternative to standard therapy is unknown...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350308/an-innovative-program-to-support-internationally-educated-health-professionals-and-their-instructors-role-of-the-clinical-practice-facilitator
#9
Sylvia Daniel, Annemarie L Lee, Sharon Switzer-McIntyre, Cathy Evans
INTRODUCTION: Internationally educated health professionals immigrating to other countries may experience difficulty in clinical practice, due to linguistic and cultural factors. An important element of bridging is the opportunity for internationally educated health professionals to practice in a clinical environment. To support these health professionals and their clinical instructors, a Clinical Practice Facilitator (CPF) role was created. This study aimed to examine the CPF from internationally educated health professionals and clinical instructors' perspective...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344731/review-of-physical-activity-benefits-and-potential-considerations-for-individuals-with-surgical-fusion-of-spine-for-scoliosis
#10
EDITORIAL
Rumit Singh Kakar, Kathy J Simpson, Bhibha M DAS, Cathleen N Brown
Evidence-based recommendations for physical activity following spinal fusion surgeries for idiopathic scoliosis are limited, specifically in the adolescent population. Individuals with scoliosis treated operatively or non-operatively have been reported to participate in less than 1-3 days/week of even mildly strenuous physical exercises. Over 40% of individuals with scoliosis returned to sports at a level lower than pre-operative participation levels or did not return at all post spinal fusion. It is particularly important for human movement specialists, such as physical therapists, occupational therapists, athletic trainers and kinesiologists to assist these individuals effectively transition to and maintain engagement in physical activity...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#11
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265176/development-of-education-program-for-physical-therapy-assistant-in-quang-tri-province-of-vietnam
#12
Jin Won Noh, Sang Hyun Cho, Min Hee Kim, Eun Joo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to develop an education program for physical therapy assistants in order to provide high quality physical therapy for the province of Quang Tri in Vietnam. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects consisted of 9 professors in Quang Tri medical college and 1 physical therapist in Quang Tri General hospital. The survey research to lecturer for education of physical therapy assistant in Quang Tri medical college was conducted as pre-analysis of demand for the physical therapy assistant curriculum development...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255591/dpt-student-perceptions-of-the-physical-therapist-assistant-s-role-effect-of-collaborative-case-based-learning-compared-to-traditional-content-delivery-and-clinical-experience
#13
Yvonne M Colgrove, Lisa D VanHoose
INTRODUCTION: Doctor of physical therapy (DPT) student learning about role delineation of physical therapist assistants (PTAs) is essential to ethical and legal practice. METHODS: Survey assessment of three DPT student cohorts compared collaborative interprofessional case-based learning with PTA students to traditional curriculum delivery strategies. Control cohorts were assessed one time. The intervention group was assessed pre-intervention, immediately post-intervention, and after completing a full-time clinical experience...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235983/-a%C3%A2-new-continuous-gait-analysis-system-for-ankle-fracture-aftercare
#14
B J Braun, N T Veith, S C Herath, R Hell, M Rollmann, M Orth, J H Holstein, T Pohlemann
BACKGROUND: Correct aftercare following lower extremity fractures remains a controversial issue. Reliable, clinically applicable weight-bearing recommendations have not yet been defined. The aim of the current study was to establish a new gait analysis insole during physical therapy aftercare of ankle fractures to test patients' continuous, long-term compliance to partial weight-bearing restrictions and investigate whether patients can estimate their weight-bearing compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The postoperative gait of 14 patients after operative treatment of Weber B-type ankle fractures was monitored continuously for six weeks (OpenGO, Moticon GmbH, Munich)...
February 24, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222558/effects-of-gait-training-using-the-hybrid-assistive-limb%C3%A2-in-recovery-phase-stroke-patients-a-2-month-follow-up-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Hiroki Watanabe, Ryohei Goto, Naoki Tanaka, Akira Matsumura, Hisako Yanagi
BACKGROUND: Gait training using the Hybrid Assistive Limb® (HAL®) may have beneficial effects on post-stroke gait function and independent walking. However, the long-term and medium-term efficacies of gait training using HAL® in stroke patients remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the medium-term efficacy of gait training using a single-leg version of the Hybrid Assistive Limb® (HAL®) on the paretic side with conventional gait training (CGT) in recovery-phase stroke patients...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217864/-sounds-a-bit-crazy-but-it-was-almost-more-personal-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-and-clinician-experiences-of-physical-therapist-prescribed-exercise-for-knee-osteoarthritis-via-skype%C3%A2
#16
R S Hinman, R K Nelligan, K L Bennell, C Delany
OBJECTIVES: Explore patients' and physical therapists' experience with Skype™ for exercise management of knee OA. METHODS: Qualitative study. The Donabedian model for quality assessment in health care (structure, process and outcomes) informed semi-structured individual interview questions. Twelve purposively-sampled patients with knee OA who received physical therapist-prescribed exercise over Skype™, and all therapists (n=8) who delivered the intervention, in a clinical trial were interviewed about their experiences...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122755/incorporating-a-pharmacist-into-an-interprofessional-team-providing-transgender-care-under-a-medical-home-model
#17
Cheyenne Newsome, Leslie Colip, Nathaniel Sharon, Jessica Conklin
PURPOSE: A pharmacist's role in providing care to transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) patients within a medical home model of care is described. SUMMARY: A comprehensive transgender services clinic was established in February 2015 in New Mexico. Clinic services are provided under an "informed consent" model of care, as opposed to the traditional "gatekeeper" approach. The clinic's interprofessional team consists of a clinical pharmacist, a psychiatrist, a nurse practitioner, an endocrinologist, a diabetes educator, a massage therapist, a nurse, a nutritionist, and medical assistants...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094591/algo-used-by-homecare-nonoccupational-therapists-selecting-bathing-assistive-technology-enhancing-standardization-by-exploring-clinical-reasoning
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mélanie Ruest, Annick Bourget, Nathalie Delli-Colli, Manon Guay
Algo is a clinical decision algorithm developed to support nonoccupational therapists in establishing assistive technology recommendations to enable physically disabled adults to perform their hygiene at home. This study aimed to explore the in-depth clinical reasoning of nonoccupational therapists using Algo to pinpoint the items leading to disagreements regarding recommendations. A multiple-case study was conducted with eight nonoccupational therapists trained to use Algo and filmed while using it with six standardized clients...
January 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071967/tobacco-cessation-counseling-within-physical-therapist-practice-results-of-a-statewide-survey-of-florida-physical-therapists
#19
Rose M Pignataro
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is the leading preventable risk factor for chronic disease, disability, and premature mortality. People with disabilities experience higher tobacco use and reduced access to services when compared with the general population. The negative impact on treatment outcomes across all practice settings provides a strong incentive for physical therapists (PTs) to engage in tobacco cessation counseling (TCC). METHODS: Prevalence of TCC and barriers toward implementation was explored using an anonymous cross-sectional survey of Florida-licensed PTs...
February 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048892/su-f-j-116-clinical-experience-based-verification-and-improvement-of-a-4dct-program
#20
P Fogg, M West, T Aland
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the role of continuous improvement fulfilled by the Medical Physicist in clinical 4DCT and CBCT scanning. METHODS: Lung (SABR and Standard) patients' 4D respiratory motion and image data were reviewed over a 3, 6 and 12 month period following commissioning testing. By identifying trends of clinically relevant parameters and respiratory motions, variables were tested with a programmable motion phantom and assessed. Patient traces were imported to a motion phantom and 4DCT and CBCT imaging were performed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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