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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889171/considering-recent-trends-in-healthcare-labor-markets-in-educational-program-planning-in-allied-health
#1
Surrey M Walton, Kibum Kim, Saul J Weiner
Recent trends in wages and employment should be considered to help inform recruitment and expansion planning for educational programs related to the future healthcare workforce. We present a relatively straightforward method for assessing a broad set of health labor market trends from 2010 to 2014 based on the number employed and wage rates across all healthcare-related occupational categories available from the Occupational Employment Statistics data. To focus more on trends within the healthcare sector, we used the relative wages and employment of the occupations compared to medical doctors...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873833/mouthsticks-a-participatory-approach
#2
Waltraud Ernst, Gerhard Nussbaum, Veronika M Berger, Zoltan Major
Mouthsticks are quite an old kind of assistive technology (AT) but nevertheless they are up to now the Swiss army knives among AT. Unfortunately the popularity of mouthsticks massively decreased during the 1990s with the result that knowledge about how to produce good mouthsticks got lost and that there are hardly any adaptable mouthsticks available on the market. This paper discusses the development of a personalized mouthstick with the involvement of end users - people with severe physical disabilities - and occupational therapists as experts of everyday use...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871024/telemedicine-guided-education-on-secondary-stroke-and-fall-prevention-following-inpatient-rehabilitation-for-texas-patients-with-stroke-and-their-caregivers-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#3
Mansi M Jhaveri, Ruby Benjamin-Garner, Nahid Rianon, Mark Sherer, Gerard Francisco, Farhaan Vahidy, Kayta Kobayashi, Mary Gaber, Paige Shoemake, Kim Vu, Alyssa Trevino, James Grotta, Sean Savitz
INTRODUCTION: The aftermath of stroke leaves many consequences including cognitive deficits and falls due to imbalance. Stroke survivors and families struggle to navigate the complex healthcare system with little assistance posthospital discharge, often leading to early hospital readmission and worse stroke outcomes. Telemedicine Guided Education on Secondary Stroke and Fall Prevention Following Inpatient Rehabilitation feasibility study examines whether stroke survivors and their caregivers find value in telerehabilitation (TR) home visits that provide individualised care and education by a multidisciplinary team after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817496/lived-experiences-of-muscle-tightness-symptoms-from-patients-perspectives
#4
Rozina Bhimani, Lisa Carney-Anderson
The aims of this study were to understand symptoms of chronic muscle tightness from the patient's perspective and explore symptom management strategies used by them. Muscle tightness, a common symptom, is a challenge to manage in clinical practice because it is commingled with other orthopedic conditions. Nurses may not be aware of the negative impact of tight muscles because this symptom is presumed to be self-limiting; however, if not treated appropriately, muscle tightness can become chronic. The focus of this study is the lived experience of patients with chronic muscle tightness...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813961/identifying-the-effects-of-using-integrated-haptic-feedback-for-gait-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#5
Muhammad Raheel Afzal, Sanghun Pyo, Min-Kyun Oh, Young Sook Park, Jungwon Yoon
This paper evaluates the prospects of using a novel Integrated Haptic Feedback (IHF) system. IHF can provide over-ground gait training regimens for post-stroke ambulatory subjects. IHF system combines the use of a portable cane for kinesthetic feedback and a wearable vibrotactor array for tactile feedback. Continuous somatosensory input is aiforded to the users at the handle of cane; it serves the purpose of balance assurance at higher gait speeds. Besides, restricted use of upper limb for weight-bearing inspires the users to involve the paretic lower limbs more actively...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813933/robotic-learning-from-demonstration-of-therapist-s-time-varying-assistance-to-a-patient-in-trajectory-following-tasks
#6
Mohammad Najafi, Kim Adams, Mahdi Tavakoli
The number of people with physical disabilities and impaired motion control is increasing. Consequently, there is a growing demand for intelligent assistive robotic systems to cooperate with people with disability and help them carry out different tasks. To this end, our group has pioneered the use of robot learning from demonstration (RLfD) techniques, which eliminate the need for task-specific robot programming, in robotic rehabilitation and assistive technologies settings. First, in the demonstration phase, the therapist (or in general, a helper) provides an intervention (typically assistance) and cooperatively performs a task with a patient several times...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812386/reported-use-of-technology-in-stroke-rehabilitation-by-physical-and-occupational-therapists
#7
Jeanne Langan, Heamchand Subryan, Ifeoma Nwogu, Lora Cavuoto
PURPOSE: With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727922/considerations-in-physical-therapy-management-of-a-non-responding-patient-with-low-back-pain
#8
Timothy J Madson
STUDY DESIGN: Case Study. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low back pain is a common condition managed by physical therapists (PT). Screening tools have been developed to assist the PT with medical screening of patients for serious disease. Sinister pathologies may present as musculoskeletal symptoms during the patient examination. It is important for the PT to frequently reevaluate their patient's response to therapeutic interventions and refer for further evaluation if they are not responding to conservative care...
July 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#9
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719977/the-efficacy-of-interactive-motion-capture-based-rehabilitation-on-functional-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-stroke-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
John Cannell, Emelyn Jovic, Amy Rathjen, Kylie Lane, Anna M Tyson, Michele L Callisaya, Stuart T Smith, Kiran Dk Ahuja, Marie-Louise Bird
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of novel interactive, motion capture-rehabilitation software to usual care stroke rehabilitation on physical function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Two subacute hospital rehabilitation units in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 73 people less than six months after stroke with reduced mobility and clinician determined capacity to improve. INTERVENTIONS: Both groups received functional retraining and individualized programs for up to an hour, on weekdays for 8-40 sessions (dose matched)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713296/affective-and-engagement-issues-in-the-conception-and-assessment-of-a-robot-assisted-psychomotor-therapy-for-persons-with-dementia
#11
Natacha Rouaix, Laure Retru-Chavastel, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Clotilde Monnet, Hermine Lenoir, Maribel Pino
The interest in robot-assisted therapies (RAT) for dementia care has grown steadily in recent years. However, RAT using humanoid robots is still a novel practice for which the adhesion mechanisms, indications and benefits remain unclear. Also, little is known about how the robot's behavioral and affective style might promote engagement of persons with dementia (PwD) in RAT. The present study sought to investigate the use of a humanoid robot in a psychomotor therapy for PwD. We examined the robot's potential to engage participants in the intervention and its effect on their emotional state...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699383/flawed-communications-health-professionals-experience-of-collaboration-in-the-care-of-frail-elderly-patients
#12
Anders Hansson, Ann Svensson, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Lena G Larsson, Berit Forsman, Pia Alsén
AIMS: Frail elderly patients who have multiple illnesses do not fare well in modern health care systems, mainly due to a lack of care planning and flawed communication between health professionals in different care organisations. This is especially noticeable when patients are discharged from hospital. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals' experience of obstacles and opportunities for collaboration. METHODS: Health professionals were invited to participate in three focus groups, each consisting of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist and a patient or a family member representative...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655127/depression-screening-by-physical-therapists-practices-beliefs-barriers
#13
Patricia Fay, Susan L Edmond, Julia K Baron, Michelle Joshi
BACKGROUND: Depression, a common comorbidity encountered in physical therapy (PT) practice, negatively impacts outcomes. There is limited knowledge of PT practice patterns relative to screening for depression. OBJECTIVE: Objectives were to describe beliefs regarding depression, and identify practice patterns and perceived barriers regarding screening for depression among APTA Board Certified Orthopedic Clinical Specialist (OCS) PTs. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to all PT OCSs in the US; 416 responses were analyzed...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654492/a-range-of-service-delivery-modes-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-are-effective-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Emily J Ward, Susan Hillier, Annette Raynor, John Petkov
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the environment and personnel providing intervention to children with developmental coordination disorder make a difference in motor outcomes and perceived competency. METHODS: Ninety-three children (66 males), aged 5 years 1 month to 8 years 11 months, with developmental coordination disorder were randomized to receive a 13-week group-based task-oriented intervention, either at school by a school assistant or physical therapist, or in a health clinic by a physical therapist...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594529/concussion-in-sports-what-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-need-to-know
#15
Patrick J Cahill, Christian Refakis, Eileen Storey, William C Warner
A concussion is a relatively common sports-related injury that affects athletes of all ages. Although not expected to replace sports medicine physicians and neurologists with regard to the management of concussions, orthopaedic surgeons, particularly those who are fellowship-trained in sports medicine, must have a current knowledge base of what a concussion is, how a concussion is diagnosed, and how a concussion should be managed. Orthopaedic surgeons should understand the pathophysiology, assessment, and management of concussion so that they have a basic comprehension of this injury that is at the forefront of the academic literature and North American media...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580370/robotic-assist-as-needed-as-an-alternative-to-therapist-assisted-gait-rehabilitation
#16
Shraddha Srivastava, Pei Chun Kao, Darcy S Reisman, John P Scholz, Sunil K Agrawal, Jill S Higginson
OBJECTIVE: Body Weight Supported Treadmill Training (BWSTT) with therapists' assistance is often used for gait rehabilitation post-stroke. However, this training method is labor-intensive, requiring at least one or as many as three therapists at once for manual assistance. Previously, we demonstrated that providing movement guidance using a performance-based robot-aided gait training (RAGT) that applies a compliant, assist-as-needed force-field improves gait pattern and functional walking ability in people post-stroke...
October 2016: International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579021/utility-of-the-revised-version-of-the-ability-for-basic-movement-scale-in-predicting-ambulation-during-rehabilitation-in-poststroke-patients
#17
Shoji Kinoshita, Masahiro Abo, Takatsugu Okamoto, Naojiro Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test the hypothesis that the Revised Version of the Ability for Basic Movement Scale (ABMSII) can predict ambulation during rehabilitation in poststroke patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included first-ever stroke patients who were admitted to the rehabilitation ward and were dependent in walking. ABMSII scores were assessed by physical therapists on admission to the hospital. Functional ambulation category (FAC) was assessed every 2 weeks during hospitalization...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#18
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515983/a-conceptual-model-for-physical-therapists-treating-athletes-with-protracted-recovery-following-a-concussion
#19
Mark Lundblad
Sports-related concussions are receiving growing attention in healthcare. Most concussions resolve spontaneously with little or no treatment, but twenty percent of concussions take longer than three weeks to resolve. In some cases, symptoms can last for five years following a traumatic brain injury. Physical Therapists have unique skills that can assist patients experiencing protracted recovery. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to describe a new conceptual model that provides a framework for Physical Therapy management of patients with protracted recovery following a sports-related concussion...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413013/-adaptation-of-the-home-the-occupational-therapist-s-assessment
#20
Éloïse Doiezie, Laura Salgado-Sanchez, Éric Pautas
When the functional independence of elderly people starts to diminish, the choice of adapted assistive devices and some simple modifications to the home can allow them to continue to perform their daily tasks safely and easily. Likewise, when physical dependency is established, the choice of relevant assistive devices enables these people to continue living in their home in the right conditions, both for the person concerned as well as for their direct carers. In these different situations, the assessment by the occupational therapist enables the solutions to be adjusted to the capacities, the morphology and the lifestyles of the elderly person...
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
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