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Theory of planned behavior

Rachel Hirschey, Isaac Lipkus, Lee Jones, Christopher Mantyh, Richard Sloane, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test effects of gain-framed versus loss-framed mailed brochures on increasing physical activity (PA) among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors.
. DESIGN: Randomized trial with repeated measures at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months postintervention.
. SETTING: Mail recruitment from tumor registries.
. SAMPLE: 148 inactive CRC survivors who had completed primary therapy. 
. METHODS: PA and constructs from the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) were assessed at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Kyra Hamilton, Mikaela Bonham, Jason Bishara, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
PURPOSE: Although poor oral hygiene practices can have serious health consequences, a large number of adults brush or floss their teeth less than the recommended time or not at all. This study examined the mediating effect of two key self-regulatory processes, self-efficacy and planning, as the mechanisms that translate dental flossing intentions into behavior. METHOD: Participants (N = 629) comprised young adults attending a major university in Queensland, Australia...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jia-Rong Wu, Terry A Lennie, Sandra B Dunbar, Susan J Pressler, Debra K Moser
Sodium intake in heart failure (HF) is a crucial but poorly understood phenomenon. Theoretical models promote understanding and provide a context for rational appraisal of complex situations. The purpose of this study was to determine which factors were associated with sodium intake in HF patients using theory of planned behavior (TPB). In this study, patients' (N = 244) attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (tenets of the TPB) were assessed using the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire...
October 18, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Diana Bairaktarova, Anna Woodcock
Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods to teach engineering ethics, they still rely heavily on teaching ethical awareness, and pay little attention to how well ethical awareness predicts ethical behavior...
October 17, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Robert F Kushner
Provision of dietary counseling in the office setting is enhanced by using team-based care and electronic tools. Effective provider-patient communication is essential for fostering behavior change: the key component of lifestyle medicine. The principles of communication and behavior change are skill-based and grounded in scientific theories and models. Motivational interviewing and shared decision making, a collaboration process between patients and their providers to reach agreement about a health decision, is an important process in counseling...
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
Blazej Palat, Françoise Paran, Patricia Delhomme
Based on an extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB, Ajzen, 1985, 1991), we conducted surveys in order to explain and predict violations at a railroad crossing, among pedestrians (n=153) and car drivers (n=151). Measures were made with respect to three chronologically related railroad crossing situations that varied in risk level. The situations were described in scenarios and depicted on photographs. The participants were recruited in the suburbs of Paris, at two automated railroad crossings with four half-barriers...
October 13, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Bonnie A Clough, Sonia M Nazareth, Leanne M Casey
BACKGROUND: Patient non-attendance and dropout remains problematic in mental health settings. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has proven useful in understanding such challenges in a variety of healthcare settings, but the absence of an adequate measure in mental health has hampered research in this area. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to develop and conduct an initial psychometric investigation of a brief measure, the Therapy Attitudes and Process Questionnaire (TAP), utilizing the TPB to understand factors associated with attendance in mental health settings...
October 7, 2016: Patient
Iris Pigeot, Tom Baranowski, Leslie Lytle, Wolfgang Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Despite careful planning and implementation, overweight/obesity prevention interventions in children and adolescents typically show no, inconsistent or merely weak effects. Such programs usually aim at behavior changes, rarely also at environmental changes, that draw upon conventional wisdom regarding the commonly accepted determinants of childhood overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVE: This paper evaluates the evidence base of the apparently overweight-/obesity-related determinants diet, physical activity and stress...
October 5, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Julia Menichetti, Guendalina Graffigna
The increasing prevalence of chronic conditions among older adults constitutes a major public health problem. Thus, changes in lifestyles are required to prevent secondary conditions and sustain good care practices. While patient engagement received great attention in the last years as key strategy to solve this issue, to date no interventions exist to sustain the engagement of older chronic patients toward their health management. This study describes the design, development, and optimization of PHEinAction, a theoretically-driven intervention program to increase patient engagement in older chronic populations and consequently to foster healthy changes that can help reduce risks of health problems...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Nooshin Razani, Michael A Kohn, Nancy M Wells, Doug Thompson, Hanna Hamilton Flores, George W Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Contact with nature improves human health; stress reduction is a mediating pathway. Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday (SHINE) is a stress reduction and health promotion intervention for low-income families at an urban Federally Qualified Health Center. We plan to evaluate two service-delivery models for SHINE and present here the intervention design and evaluation protocol. METHODS: Behavioral change theory and environmental education literature informed the intervention...
September 29, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Naoko Yamada, Jinmoo Heo
This article explores the factors determining whether older adults engage in the Senior Games and related leisure-time physical activity through examining the adults' salient beliefs. We conducted 10 in-depth interviews with older adults who have participated in the Senior Games. Underpinned by the planned behavior theory's framework, we explored three types of beliefs: advantages and disadvantages (behavioral beliefs), social support and pressure (normative beliefs), and facilitators and impediments (control beliefs)...
October 3, 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
Kenneth L Miller
BACKGROUND: Patient Activation and Health confidence are constructs to assess patient engagement and are utilized to encourage patient engagement. A health care provider may increase patient engagement further by utilizing behavior change theories and models such as the trans-theoretical model of change (TTM), self-determination theory (SDT) and motivational interviewing (MI) to realize effective and lasting health behavior change by placing accountability increasingly on the patient/caregiver to choose to make changes in their health behavior on their terms...
September 27, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Min-Huey Chung, Cheng-Hsun Ho, Hsyien-Chia Wen
OBJECTIVE: The American Nurses Association endorsed the use of online patient personal health records (PHRs) and challenged all nurses to obtain the health records of patients. However, few studies have explored the factors associated with the intentions of nurses to use patient PHRs. Our study used an extended technology acceptance model, with the theory of planned behavior and perceived credibility, to explore factors associated with the intentions of nurses to use patient PHRs. METHODS: This cross-sectional quantitative study comprised a sample of 635 nurses who had worked full time for at least 3 months, and they were recruited from three hospitals affiliated with a university in northern Taiwan...
November 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Eileen M Condon
Salivary cortisol is considered to be a safe and noninvasive measure of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning, and is a commonly measured biomarker of the human stress response in pediatric research. However, cortisol is highly variable and sensitive to a wide range of factors, creating a challenge for reliable salivary cortisol collection in the community setting. Furthermore, the acceptability of salivary cortisol collection in community samples of children is largely unknown. The purpose of this integrative review was to investigate current evidence on the acceptability and feasibility of salivary cortisol collection in community samples of children...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Janneke P Bil, Wendy M van der Veldt, Maria Prins, Ineke G Stolte, Udi Davidovich
Although PrEP is not yet registered in Europe, including the Netherlands, its approval and implementation are expected in the near future. To inform future pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) implementation, this study aimed to gain insight into motives and preferences for daily or intermittent PrEP use among Dutch HIV-negative men having sex with men (MSM).Between February and December 2013, semistructured interviews were conducted until data saturation was reached (N = 20). Interviews were analyzed using the Grounded Theory approach...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mahdi Moshki, Ali Delshad Noghabi, Fatemeh Darabi, Hossein Safari Palangi, Narjes Bahri
BACKGROUND: Excessive and uncontrolled television watching by children predisposes them to some risks such as developmental, social and psychological disorders. Parents play an important role in nurturing their children and controlling the factors affecting their health. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of health education programs on parents' supervision skills to control their children's television watching habits based on the theory of planned behavior. METHODS: One hundred twenty parents of the students at the first and fifth grades of primary school were randomly divided into an intervention and a control group...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maria Grazia Spurio
For a long time, terms like "mind" and "emotion" have rarely been taken into account, not even mentioned in the medical texts. The latest scientific researches, including the studies of Candace Pert, on the contrary, have emphasized that the entire body thinks, because every single cell hears, and feels emotions. The international researcher has discovered the endocrines and a vast number of neuropeptides, that work as an "information network" that interconnects the entire body, the "psychic" molecules are transmitted and travel, communicating information as in a circular and recursive body - mind mechanism...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Kang Jiang, Feiyang Ling, Zhongxiang Feng, Kun Wang, Lei Guo
OBJECTIVE: As the prevalence of mobile phone use has increased globally, experts have verified the effects of mobile phone distraction on traffic safety. However, the psychological factors underlying pedestrians' decision to use their mobile phone while crossing the street have received little attention. METHODS: The present study employed the theory of planned behavior to investigate the psychological factors that influence pedestrians' intentions to use a mobile phone while crossing the street...
September 20, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Ulla Riis Madsen, Ami Hommel, Carina Bååth, Connie Bøttcher Berthelsen
INTRODUCTION: Although the group of vascular leg amputated patients constitutes some of the most vulnerable and frail on the orthopedic wards, previous research of amputated patients has focused on patients attending gait training in rehabilitation facilities leaving the patient experience shortly after surgery unexplored. Understanding patients' behavior shortly after amputation could inform health professionals in regard to how these vulnerable patients' needs at hospital can be met as well as how to plan for care post-discharge...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Jounghee Lee, Soyeon Jeong, Gyeongah Ko, Hyunshin Park, Youngsook Ko
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher's guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory. METHODS: To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual's behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory...
August 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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