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Theory of planned behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223196/application-of-psychological-theories-in-agent-based-modeling-the-case-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Andrea Scalco, Andrea Ceschi, Riccardo Sartori
It is likely that computer simulations will assume a greater role in the next future to investigate and understand reality (Rand & Rust, 2011). Particularly, agent-based models (ABMs) represent a method of investigation of social phenomena that blend the knowledge of social sciences with the advantages of virtual simulations. Within this context, the development of algorithms able to recreate the reasoning engine of autonomous virtual agents represents one of the most fragile aspects and it is indeed crucial to establish such models on well-supported psychological theoretical frameworks...
January 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222364/investigating-inpatient-medication-administration-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#2
Joseph W Rogers, Marc Fleming, Joyce Tipton, Angela Ward, Kevin W Garey, Elizabeth P Pitman
PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine behavioral factors that help explain why nurses often do not obtain and administer medications from automated dispensing cabinets (ADCs) "one patient at a time" are reported. METHODS: To investigate nurses' frequent failure to adhere to best-practice standards for ADC use, a 12-item questionnaire developed using information obtained from an elicitation study and a focus group session was e-mailed to 755 nurses at an academic medical center...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214815/using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-guide-focus-group-development-of-messages-aimed-at-increasing-compliance-with-a-tobacco-free-policy
#3
Rachael A Record, Nancy G Harrington, Donald W Helme, Matthew W Savage
PURPOSE: This study details the persuasive message development for a theory-based campaign designed to increase compliance with a university's tobacco-free policy. APPROACH: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) guided message design and evaluation for focus group-tested messages that were adapted to the context of complying with a tobacco-free policy. SETTING: The study was conducted at a university located in the tobacco belt. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate focus group participants (n = 65) were mostly male (69%), white (82%), and freshman (62%) who smoked at least 1 cigarette in the last 30 days; on-campus smoking percentages were never/rare (60%), occasionally (23%), and often/frequently (16%)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210398/dft-calculations-for-structural-prediction-and-applications-of-intercalated-lamellar-compounds
#4
Sérgio R Tavares, Viviane S Vaiss, Florence P Novais Antunes, Carla G Fonseca, Inna M Nangoi, Pedro Ivo R Moraes, Carla V Soares, Juliana F S Haddad, Larissa L Lima, Bruna N N Silva, Alexandre A Leitão
The intercalated layered materials are commonly built from structures complex enough to have large unit cells and, because of this, calculations of their electronic structures are very demanding in terms of memory, processing and time. Also, the versatility of these compounds enables the synthesis of a large number of derived materials difficult to characterize. Only in the last two decades, a combination of theoretical methodologies and advances in processing made density-functional theory (DFT) calculations quite interesting as an investigation tool for this family of materials...
December 6, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204129/-maybe-i-will-just-send-a-quick-text%C3%A2-an-examination-of-drivers-distractions-causes-and-potential-interventions
#5
Ole J Johansson, Aslak Fyhri
Many people use cars all over the world. This is, however, not done without risk, as traffic accidents are one of the most common causes of death for adolescents worldwide. The number of deaths has steadily decreased, both worldwide and in Norway. Many of these accidents involve passenger cars and distracted driving. While there are many campaigns to improve safety in traffic, little research has looked at distractions. A recent report has investigated the occurrence of and damage caused by distraction, and one article has looked at what predicts baseline differences in levels of distracted driving...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200047/analysis-of-health-behavior-theories-for-clustering-of-health-behaviors
#6
Seung Hee Choi, Sonia A Duffy
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article was to review the utility of established behavior theories, including the Health Belief Model, Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior, Transtheoretical Model, and Health Promotion Model, for addressing multiple health behaviors among people who smoke. It is critical to design future interventions for multiple health behavior changes tailored to individuals who currently smoke, yet it has not been addressed. METHODS: Five health behavior theories/models were analyzed and critically evaluated...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194328/the-power-of-the-frame-systems-transformation-framework-for-health-care-leaders
#7
Kathy A Scott, Janice Pringle
Health care leaders are responsible for oversight of multiple and competing change interventions. These interventions regularly fail to achieve the desired outcomes and/or sustainable results. This often occurs because of the mental models and approaches that are used to plan, design, implement, and evaluate the system. These do not account for inherent characteristics that determine the system's likely ability to innovate while maintaining operational effectiveness. Theories exist on how to assess a system's readiness to change, but the definitions, constructs, and assessments are diverse and often look at facets of systems in isolation...
January 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191800/implementation-intention-and-reminder-effects-on-behavior-change-in-a-mobile-health-system-a-predictive-cognitive-model
#8
Peter Pirolli, Shiwali Mohan, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Les Nelson, Michael Silva, Aaron Springer
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions are mental representations of simple plans to translate goal intentions into behavior under specific conditions. Studies show implementation intentions can produce moderate to large improvements in behavioral goal achievement. Human associative memory mechanisms have been implicated in the processes by which implementation intentions produce effects. On the basis of the adaptive control of thought-rational (ACT-R) theory of cognition, we hypothesized that the strength of implementation intention effect could be manipulated in predictable ways using reminders delivered by a mobile health (mHealth) app...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189494/rethinking-remediation-a-model-to-support-the-detailed-diagnosis-of-clinicians-performance-problems-and-the-development-of-effective-remediation-plans
#9
Linda Prescott-Clements, Vicky Voller, Mark Bell, Natasha Nestors, Cees P M van der Vleuten
The successful remediation of clinicians demonstrating poor performance in the workplace is essential to ensure the provision of safe patient care. Clinicians may develop performance problems for numerous reasons, including health, personal factors, the workplace environment, or outdated knowledge/skills. Performance problems are often complex involving multifactorial issues, encompassing knowledge, skills, and professional behaviors. It is important that (where possible and appropriate) clinicians are supported through effective remediation to return them to safe clinical practice...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186016/the-moderating-effects-of-students-personality-traits-on-pro-environmental-behavioral-intentions-in-response-to-climate-change
#10
Tai-Yi Yu, Tai-Kuei Yu
This study developed a model that examined the relationship between undergraduate students' beliefs, norms and pro-environment behavioral intentions in the context of global climate change (GCC). The model was further evaluated to determine whether latent variables, such as sustainability value, environmental concern, social norms, perceived risk, pro-environmental attitude, as defined by the theory of planned behavior and value-belief-norm theory, significantly influenced students' intentions towards pro-environmental behavior...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185094/a-theory-based-exploration-of-condomless-anal-intercourse-intention-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-of-different-sexual-roles-in-taiwan
#11
Jen-Hao Chu, Jiun-Hau Huang
In recent years, men who have sex with men (MSM) have accounted for over 80% of all new HIV cases in Taiwan. More than 70% of new cases have occurred in those aged 15-34 years. Condomless anal intercourse (CAI) has been identified as the main route of HIV transmission among MSM. To systematically examine CAI intention and associated factors among young MSM in Taiwan, an anonymous online survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was conducted. Data from 694 MSM aged 15-39 years were included in the analysis...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180144/predicting-pharmacy-students-intention-to-apply-for-a-residency-a-systematic-theory-of-planned-behavior-approach
#12
Stephen C Hickerson, Marc L Fleming, Ruta V Sawant, Nancy D Ordonez, Sujit S Sansgiry
OBJECTIVE: The current literature has identified many motivating factors and barriers influencing pharmacy students' decision to apply for residency training. Despite a growing need for residency trained pharmacists to advance the profession, it is not clear why only about one in four pharmacy students decide to pursue a residency, and which of these factors have the most influence on student decision-making. The study examines the factors associated with pharmacy students' intention to apply for a postgraduate residency using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) framework...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177527/lessons-learned-from-a-theory-of-planned-behavior-derived-study-on-educational-interventions-inspired-by-the-affective-domain
#13
Kathleen A Russell-Babin
BACKGROUND: A paucity of literature exists on use of the affective domain to improve adherence to pressure injury prevention. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of emphasizing the cognitive domain versus education based on combination of the affective and cognitive domains focusing on medical-surgical nurses' behavioral intent to use evidence-based practices to prevent pressure injury. METHOD: A cluster randomized, controlled design was used to compare differences between groups...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177176/the-belief-and-attitude-of-the-drivers-toward-the-usage-of-cellphone-while-driving-a-population-based-survey
#14
Batoul Sedaghati Shokri, Seyed Rasoul Davoodi, Majid Azimmohseni, Gholamreza Khoshfar
Objective: To presents a survey investigating differences between drivers' beliefs regarding utilizing cellphone when driving. Methods: In this population-based survey, the participants who were studied in the North of Iran, Gorgan, were categorized as main urban and rural areas. A sample of 400 drivers, 92 women and 308 men, filled out the four sections questionnaire which was based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) used for measuring the differences between the drivers' opinions (attitudinal beliefs, normative beliefs, and perceived control behavioral beliefs) about utilizing a cell phone when driving along with their age and driving purpose...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173072/-social-networkout-connecting-social-features-of-wearable-fitness-trackers-with-physical-exercise
#15
Yaguang Zhu, Stephanie L Dailey, Daniel Kreitzberg, Jay Bernhardt
Despite widespread understanding of the benefits of physical activity, many adults in the United States do not meet recommended exercise guidelines. Burgeoning technologies, including wearable fitness trackers (e.g., Fitbit, Apple watch), bring new opportunities to influence physical activity by encouraging users to track and share physical activity data and compete against their peers. However, research has not explored the social processes that mediate the relationship between the use of wearable fitness trackers and intention to exercise...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168964/using-theory-of-planned-behavior-for-prediction-of-delivery-mode-among-pregnant-women-a-theory-based-cross-sectional-research
#16
Mohtasham Ghaffari, Atefeh Afshari, Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Bahram Armoon
Background Nowadays, in Iran cesarean rates have increased from the recommended level of the World Health Organization (WHO). Objectives The objective of the present study was to determine which theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs predict intentions and delivery mode among pregnant women. Methods One hundred and four pregnant nulliparous women in their third trimesters of pregnancy referred to Semirom health care centers were investigated based on census reports. The data were collected by valid and reliable questionnaire based on the TPB constructs and analyzed by SPSS16...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167834/hypoactivation-and-dysconnectivity-of-a-frontostriatal-circuit-during-goal-directed-planning-as-an-endophenotype-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Matilde M Vaghi, Adam Hampshire, Naomi A Fineberg, Muzaffer Kaser, Annette B Brühl, Barbara J Sahakian, Samuel R Chamberlain, Trevor W Robbins
Background: The symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been postulated to result from impaired executive functioning and excessive habit formation at the expense of goal-directed control and have been objectively demonstrated using neuropsychological tests in such patients. This study tested whether there is functional hypoactivation as well as dysconnectivity of discrete frontostriatal pathways during goal-directed planning in patients with OCD and in their unaffected first-degree relatives...
November 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166904/behaviors-in-advance-care-planning-and-actions-survey-bacpacs-development-and-validation-part-1
#18
Aliya Kassam, Maureen L Douglas, Jessica Simon, Shannon Cunningham, Konrad Fassbender, Marta Shaw, Sara N Davison
BACKGROUND: Although advance care planning (ACP) is fairly well understood, significant barriers to patient participation remain. As a result, tools to assess patient behaviour are required. The objective of this study was to improve the measurement of patient engagement in ACP by detecting existing survey design issues and establishing content and response process validity for a new survey entitled Behaviours in Advance Care Planning and ACtions Survey (BACPACS). METHODS: We based our new tool on that of an existing ACP engagement survey...
November 22, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165824/measurement-of-social-norms-affecting-modern-contraceptive-use-a-literature-review
#19
Elizabeth Costenbader, Rachel Lenzi, Rebecca B Hershow, Kim Ashburn, Donna R McCarraher
As a critical building block to developing social norms interventions to support healthy family planning and other reproductive health behaviors, we conducted a literature review to identify and evaluate social norm measures related to modern contraceptive use. Of 174 articles reviewed in full, only 17 studies met our criteria for inclusion. Across these articles, no single measure of norms was used in more than one study; failure to specify the boundaries of who was engaging in and influencing the behaviors of interest contributed to the variation...
November 22, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156065/examining-exercise-in-older-adults-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-temporal-discounting
#20
Linda M Tate, Pao-Feng Tsai, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Reid D Landes, Leanne L Lefler, Keneshia Bryant-Moore
Exercise is one of the most important health behaviors to reduce and prevent the severity of many chronic diseases. The purpose of the current study was to determine if adding temporal discounting (TD) would affect the predictability of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in exercising among older adults. One hundred thirty-seven older adults were recruited from 11 churches in rural Arkansas using a cross-sectional design. Information regarding participants' exercise behavior, constructs of the TPB, TD rates, and demographics was collected...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
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