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Theory of planned behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332869/perceived-enjoyment-concentration-intention-and-speed-violation-behavior-using-flow-theory-and-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Hui Zhang, Tina D Wemegah
OBJECTIVE: Road accidents are an important public health concern and speeding is a major contributor. Although, flow theory (FLT) is a valid model for understanding behavior, currently the nature of the roles and interplay, of FLT constructs within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) framework when attempting to explain the determinants of motivations for intention to speed and speeding behavior of car drivers is not yet known. The study aims to synthesize TPB and FLT in explaining drivers of advanced vehicles intention to speed and speed violation behavior and evaluate factors which are critical for explaining intention and behavior...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329179/research-on-skin-cancer-related-behaviors-and-outcomes-in-the-nih-grant-portfolio-2000-2014-skin-cancer-intervention-across-the-cancer-control-continuum-sci-3c
#2
Frank M Perna, Laura A Dwyer, Gina Tesauro, Jennifer M Taber, Wynne E Norton, Anne M Hartman, Alan C Geller
Importance: The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancer broadly identified research gaps, but specific objectives are needed to further behavioral intervention research. Objective: To review National Institute of Health (NIH) grants targeting skin cancer-related behaviors and relevant outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A portfolio analysis of the title, abstract, specific aims, and research plans of identified grant applications from 2000 to 2014 targeting skin cancer-related behaviors or testing behavioral intervention effects on cancer-relevant outcomes along the cancer continuum...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327494/hand-hygiene-in-health-care-settings-the-citizens-point-of-view
#3
Chiara Foà, Grazia Antonella Tura, Claudia Camelli, Roberta Silingardi, Monia Malavolti, Elisabeth Kuenzer, Gabriella Carraro, Barbara De Paolis, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection risk prevention is one of the main objectives of all health and sanitary systems, since the reduction of the healthcare associated infections is attainable goals through appropriate prevention strategies. Among these, proper hand hygiene of health care professionals and citizens (visitors/outpatients/caregivers, volunteers) is fundamental to reduce the spreading of micro organisms and prevent infections. The purpose of the study is indeed to explore the self-reported hand washing behavior of citizens who access to health facilities and the variables involved in it, using in particular the Theory of Planned Behaviour...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303100/a-neural-dynamic-architecture-for-reaching-and-grasping-integrates-perception-and-movement-generation-and-enables-on-line-updating
#4
Guido Knips, Stephan K U Zibner, Hendrik Reimann, Gregor Schöner
Reaching for objects and grasping them is a fundamental skill for any autonomous robot that interacts with its environment. Although this skill seems trivial to adults, who effortlessly pick up even objects they have never seen before, it is hard for other animals, for human infants, and for most autonomous robots. Any time during movement preparation and execution, human reaching movement are updated if the visual scene changes (with a delay of about 100 ms). The capability for online updating highlights how tightly perception, movement planning, and movement generation are integrated in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296626/multiple-levels-of-social-influence-on-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-decision-making-and-behaviors-in-ghana
#5
Sneha Challa, Abubakar Manu, Emmanuel Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton, Dana Loll, Jessica Dozier, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Kelli Stidham Hall
Little is known about the multi-level social determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) that shape the use of family planning (FP) among young women in Africa. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 63 women aged 15-24 years in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. We used purposive, stratified sampling to recruit women from community-based sites. Interviews were conducted in English or local languages, recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory-guided thematic analysis identified salient themes...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293619/the-fitness-of-apps-a-theory-based-examination-of-mobile-fitness-app-usage-over-5-months
#6
Lynn Katherine Herrmann, Jinsook Kim
BACKGROUND: There are thousands of fitness-related smartphone applications ("apps") available for free and purchase, but there is uncertainty if these apps help individuals achieve and maintain personal fitness. Technology usage attrition is also a concern among research studies on health technologies. METHODS: Usage of three fitness apps was examined over 5 months to assess adherence and effectiveness. Initially, 64 participants downloaded three free apps available on Android and iOS and 47 remained in the study until posttest...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292745/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-schools-following-8%C3%A2-years-of-mandating-legislation-in-denmark-a-nationwide-survey
#7
Carolina Malta Hansen, Line Zinckernagel, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mads Wissenberg, Freddy Knudsen Lippert, Peter Weeke, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Fredrik Folke
BACKGROUND: School cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has become mandatory in many countries, but whether legislation has translated into implementation of CPR training is largely unknown. We assessed CPR training of students following 8 years of legislative mandates in Denmark. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey of Danish school leadership (n=1240) and ninth-grade homeroom teachers (n=1381) was carried out for school year 2013-2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279949/usability-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-comprehensive-hiv-prevention-app-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-pilot-study
#8
Patrick S Sullivan, Robert Driggers, Joanne D Stekler, Aaron Siegler, Tamar Goldenberg, Sarah J McDougal, Jason Caucutt, Jeb Jones, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are the group most impacted by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the only subgroup in the United States among which new HIV diagnoses are not decreasing. To achieve the US National HIV/AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Strategy goals of reducing new diagnoses by 25%, high (eg, 30-50%) coverage of multiple HIV prevention interventions is needed in both urban and rural areas. Mobile phone "apps" are an important channel through which prevention services could be provided at scale and at low marginal cost...
March 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273291/an-integrated-neuroscience-perspective-on-formulation-and-treatment-planning-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-educational-review
#9
David A Ross, Melissa R Arbuckle, Michael J Travis, Jennifer B Dwyer, Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Kerry J Ressler
Importance: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric illness, increasingly in the public spotlight in the United States due its prevalence in the soldiers returning from combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. This educational review presents a contemporary approach for how to incorporate a modern neuroscience perspective into an integrative case formulation. The article is organized around key neuroscience "themes" most relevant for PTSD. Within each theme, the article highlights how seemingly diverse biological, psychological, and social perspectives all intersect with our current understanding of neuroscience...
March 8, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270059/creating-state-of-the-art-next-generation-virtual-reality-exposure-therapies-for-anxiety-disorders-using-consumer-hardware-platforms-design-considerations-and-future-directions
#10
Philip Lindner, Alexander Miloff, William Hamilton, Lena Reuterskiöld, Gerhard Andersson, Mark B Powers, Per Carlbring
Decades of research and more than 20 randomized controlled trials show that Virtual Reality exposure therapy (VRET) is effective in reducing fear and anxiety. Unfortunately, few providers or patients have had access to the costly and technical equipment previously required. Recent technological advances in the form of consumer Virtual Reality (VR) systems (e.g. Oculus Rift and Samsung Gear), however, now make widespread use of VRET in clinical settings and as self-help applications possible. In this literature review, we detail the current state of VR technology and discuss important therapeutic considerations in designing self-help and clinician-led VRETs, such as platform choice, exposure progression design, inhibitory learning strategies, stimuli tailoring, gamification, virtual social learning and more...
March 8, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252981/psychological-predictors-of-cultural-diversity-support-at-work
#11
Annemarie M F Hiemstra, Eva Derous, Marise Ph Born
OBJECTIVES: As diversity management activities become more prominent worldwide it is important to understand psychological reactions to them to ensure success, but empirical evidence is lacking. This study investigated employees' and managers' intentions and behavior to promote cultural diversity at work in a variety of organizations in the Netherlands, using Ajzen's theory of planned behavior. METHOD: Predictors of intentions to promote cultural diversity at work (N = 670) and actual behavior after 6 months were assessed among managers and employees using self-reports in a 2-wave survey design...
March 2, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241771/use-of-theory-to-plan-or-evaluate-guideline-implementation-among-physicians-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Laurel Liang, Susanne Bernhardsson, Robin W M Vernooij, Melissa J Armstrong, André Bussières, Melissa C Brouwers, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Guidelines support health care decision-making and high quality care and outcomes. However, their implementation is sub-optimal. Theory-informed, tailored implementation is associated with guideline use. Few guideline implementation studies published up to 1998 employed theory. This study aimed to describe if and how theory is now used to plan or evaluate guideline implementation among physicians. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library were searched from 2006 to April 2016...
February 27, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236700/from-single-use-to-multi-use-study-of-consumers-behavior-toward-consumption-of-reusable-containers
#13
Myriam Ertz, Rong Huang, Myung-Soo Jo, Fahri Karakas, Emine Sarigöllü
This study advances the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to identify the mechanism that underlies the consumption of reusable containers. A questionnaire including context, motivation, subjective norms, attitudes, perceived behavioral control, intentions and behavior items was developed and pre-tested on 180 students in a Canadian and a Chinese university respectively. Subsequently, the questionnaire was implemented in the form of an online survey and 1221 effective responses were collected from Western (n = 549) and Asian (n = 672) consumers...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224097/understanding-academic-clinicians-intent-to-treat-pediatric-obesity
#14
Claudia Frankfurter, Charles Cunningham, Katherine M Morrison, Heather Rimas, Karen Bailey
AIM: To examine the extent to which the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicts academic clinicians' intent to treat pediatric obesity. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel iteratively devised a Likert scale survey based on the constructs of the TPB applied to a set of pediatric obesity themes. A cross-sectional electronic survey was then administered to academic clinicians at tertiary care centers across Canada from January to April 2012. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic and item agreement data...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223075/gender-perspective-on-the-factors-predicting-recycling-behavior-implications-from-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#15
Ceren Oztekin, Gaye Teksöz, Savas Pamuk, Elvan Sahin, Dilek Sultan Kilic
This study aimed to assess the role of some socio-psychological attributes in explaining recycling behavior of Turkish university community from a gender perspective within the context of the theory of planned behavior with an additional variable (past experience). The recycling behavior of whole sample, females and males, has been examined in 3 sessions -depending on the arguments that explain gendered pattern of private and public environmental behavior and sticking to the fact why females' stronger environmental values, beliefs, and attitudes do not translate consistently into greater engagement in public behavior...
February 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217036/applying-psychological-theories-to-promote-long-term-maintenance-of-health-behaviors
#16
Rodney P Joseph, Casey L Daniel, Herpreet Thind, Tanya J Benitez, Dori Pekmezi
Behavioral health theory provides a framework for researchers to design, implement, and evaluate the effects of health promotion programs. However, limited research has examined theories used in interventions to promote long-term maintenance of health behaviors. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the available literature and identify prominent behavioral health theories used in intervention research to promote maintenance of health behaviors. We reviewed theories used in intervention research assessing long-term maintenance (≥ 6 months post-intervention) of physical activity, weight loss, and smoking cessation...
November 2016: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216800/treatment-of-depression-from-a-self-regulation-perspective-basic-concepts-and-applied-strategies-in-self-system-therapy
#17
Timothy J Strauman, Kari M Eddington
Self-regulation models of psychopathology provide a theory-based, empirically supported framework for developing psychotherapeutic interventions that complement and extend current cognitive-behavioral models. However, many clinicians are only minimally familiar with the psychology of self-regulation. The aim of the present manuscript is twofold. First, we provide an overview of self-regulation as a motivational process essential to well-being and introduce two related theories of self-regulation which have been applied to depression...
February 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207172/drivers-of-redistribution-of-fishing-and-non-fishing-effort-after-the-implementation-of-a-marine-protected-area-network
#18
Reniel B Cabral, Steven D Gaines, Brett A Johnson, Tom W Bell, Crow White
Marine spatial planning (MSP) is increasingly utilized to sustainably manage ocean uses. Marine protected areas (MPAs), a form of spatial management in which parts of the ocean are regulated to fishing, are now a common tool in MSP for conserving marine biodiversity and managing fisheries. However, the use of MPAs in MSP often neglects, or simplifies, the redistribution of fishing and non-fishing activities inside and outside of MPAs following their implementation. This redistribution of effort can have important implications for effective MSP...
October 3, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197806/recruiting-families-at-risk-for-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-from-a-statewide-cancer-registry-a-methodological-study
#19
Maria C Katapodi, Deb Duquette, James J Yang, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Beth Anderson, Christos Nikolaidis, Emily Mancewicz, Laurel L Northouse, Sonia Duffy, David Ronis, Kara J Milliron, Nicole Probst-Herbst, Sofia D Merajver, Nancy K Janz, Glenn Copeland, Scott Roberts
PURPOSE: Cancer genetic services (counseling/testing) are recommended for women diagnosed with breast cancer younger than 45 years old (young breast cancer survivors-YBCS) and at-risk relatives. We present recruitment of YBCS, identification and recruitment of at-risk relatives, and YBCS willingness to contact their cancer-free, female relatives. METHODS: A random sample of 3,000 YBCS, stratified by race (Black vs. White/Other), was identified through a population-based cancer registry and recruited in a randomized trial designed to increase use of cancer genetic services...
March 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194310/the-concept-of-watson-s-carative-factors-in-nursing-and-their-dis-harmony-with-patient-satisfaction
#20
Majda Pajnkihar, Gregor Štiglic, Dominika Vrbnjak
BACKGROUND: Constant reviews of the caring behavior of nurses and patient satisfaction help to improve the quality of nursing. The aim of our research was to explore relationships between the level of nursing education, the perception of nurses and nursing assistants of Watson's carative factors, and patient satisfaction. METHODS: A questionnaire survey using a convenience sample of 1,098 members of nursing teams and a purposive sample of 1,123 patients in four health care institutions in Slovenia was conducted in August 2012...
2017: PeerJ
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