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Theory of planned behavior

Mirjana Radovanović, Maja Rus-Makovec
Introduction: Using the modified Theory of Planned Behaviour (mTPB), different indicators of therapeutic success were studied to understand pro-abstinence behavioural orientation during an 18-year after-care period following a 3-month intensive alcoholism treatment. The indicators were: perceived needs satisfaction (NS), normative differential (ND), perceived alcohol utility (UT), beliefs about treatment programme benefits (BE) and behavioural intentions (BI). Methods: The sample of 167 patients who consecutively started an intensive alcoholism treatment programme has been followed-up for 18 years, using standardised ailed instruments at the end of the treatment, and in the years 4-5, 9 and 18 of follow-up...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Shahana Parveen, Sharifa Nasreen, Jelena V Allen, Kelly B Kamm, Shifat Khan, Shirina Akter, Tajnin Marin Lopa, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
BACKGROUND: To design a maternal handwashing intervention for the newborn period, this qualitative study explored drivers of handwashing among mothers and other caregivers of neonates and infants in two rural areas of Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted 40 semi-structured observation sessions to observe handwashing behaviors of primiparous and multiparous mothers of neonates, and to understand the contextual factors that facilitated or hampered those behaviors. We then conducted 64 interviews with mothers of neonates and mothers of infants and 6 group discussions with mothers of infants, other female caregivers and fathers to explore perceptions, beliefs, and practices related to handwashing in the neonatal period...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
Princely Ifinedo
BACKGROUND: This paper used the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), which was extended, to investigate nurses' adoption of healthcare information systems (HIS) in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: Data was collected from 197 nurses in a survey and data analysis was carried out using the partial least squares (PLS) technique. RESULTS: In contrast to findings in prior studies that used TPB to investigate clinicians' adoption of technologies in Canada and elsewhere, this study found no statistical significance for the relationships between attitude and subjective norm in relation to nurses' intention to use HIS...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Alessandro Gabbiadini, Tobias Greitemeyer
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that about 6 out of 10 users have installed a fitness tracking application on their smartphone. Nevertheless, more than 59% of adults do not engage in sufficient daily physical activity and much remains unknown with regard to the effectiveness of mobile applications. By adopting the Theory of Planned Behavior, we tested whether the use of fitness apps for daily steps tracking could positively influence people's health behavior. METHODS: Participants (N = 78) were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions; in one condition, they were asked to adopt a fitness app for two weeks...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Tom St Quinton, Julie A Brunton
PURPOSE: This study is the 3rd piece of formative research utilizing the theory of planned behavior to inform the development of a behavior change intervention. Focus groups were used to identify reasons for and solutions to previously identified key beliefs in addition to potentially effective behavior change techniques. METHOD: A purposive sample of 22 first-year undergraduate students (n = 8 men; Mage  = 19.8 years, SD = 1.3 years) attending a university in the North of England was used...
April 4, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Masato Kawabata, Khai Leng Chua, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis
BACKGROUND: Regular participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is important to manage obesity. Physical education (PE) is considered to play an important role in promoting lifelong participation in physical activity (PA) because it provides an existing network where cost-effective interventions can be implemented to produce sustainable change in health behavior. However, the association between compulsory school PA (e.g., PE lessons) and body composition levels has received mixed support in the literature...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Zeinab Jalambadani, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Mahmood Tavousi
Objective: Sexual function in patients with breast cancer, especially in younger patients, is an important issue from clinical and psychosocial perspectives. Theory of planned behavior (TPB) is one of the important theories that explain the main process of adopting healthy behaviors. This study investigated the effect of education based on TPB on sexual function of women with breast cancer in Mashhad, Iran. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 120 women (60 women in education group, 60 women in control group) visiting Razavi Hospital of Mashhad city were studied, selected by using the random method in 2016...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
Rebecca J Guerin, Michael D Toland, Andrea H Okun, Liliana Rojas-Guyler, Amy L Bernard
Work, a defining feature of adolescence in the United States, has many benefits. Work also has risks, as adolescents experience a higher rate of serious job-related injuries compared to adults. Talking Safety, a free curriculum from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, is one tool educators may adopt to provide teens with essential workplace safety and health education. Adolescents (N = 2503; female, 50.1%; Hispanic, 50.0%) in a large urban school district received Talking Safety from their eighth-grade science teachers...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Ellen Fink-Samnick
OBJECTIVES: PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING(S):: Applicable to health and behavioral health settings, wherever case management is practiced. FINDING/CONCLUSION: The SDH pose major challenges to the health care workforce in terms of effective resource provision, health and behavioral health treatment planning plus adherence, and overall coordination of care. Obstacles and variances to needed interventions easily lead to less than optimal outcomes for case managers and their health care organizations...
May 2018: Professional Case Management
Rajvir Singh, Tulika Mehta Agarwal, Hassan Al-Thani, Yousuf Al Maslamani, Ayman El-Menyar
Objective: To validate a questionnaire for measuring factors influencing organ donation and transplant. Methods: The constructed questionnaire was based on the theory of planned behavior by Ajzen Icek and had 45 questions including general inquiry and demographic information. Four experts on the topic, Arabic culture, and the Arabic and English languages established content validity through review. It was quantified by content validity index (CVI). Construct validity was established by principal component analysis (PCA), whereas internal consistency was checked by Cronbach's Alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
2018: Journal of Transplantation
Mohammad Matlabi, Reza Esmaeili, Mahdi Moshki, Afsaneh Ranaei, Alireza Haji, Rahele Mehrabi
Background: Malnutrition is an important factor affecting hypertensive incidence. Since the unhealthiest nutritional behaviors are rooted in childhood attitudes and experiences, applying educational interventions to these age groups will be most useful in the formation of preventive nutritional behaviors. Objective: To determine the predictive power of the TPB on hypertension in junior high-school students. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 160 junior high-school students in Kashmar, Iran in academic year commencing 2-13-2014, selected through random sampling...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
Dimitrios A Koutoukidis, Sonia Lopes, Lou Atkins, Helen Croker, M Tish Knobf, Anne Lanceley, Rebecca J Beeken
BACKGROUND: About 80% of endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) are overweight or obese and have sedentary behaviors. Lifestyle behavior interventions are promising for improving dietary and physical activity behaviors, but the constructs associated with their effectiveness are often inadequately reported. The aim of this study was to systematically adapt an evidence-based behavior change program to improve healthy lifestyle behaviors in ECS. METHODS: Following a review of the literature, focus groups and interviews were conducted with ECS (n = 16)...
March 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
Susan E Piras, Ann Minnick, Jana Lauderdale, Mary S Dietrich, Timothy J Vogus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to describe the associations of nurses' hand hygiene (HH) attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control with observed and self-reported HH behavior. BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is an essential strategy to prevent healthcare-associated infections. Despite tremendous efforts, nurses' HH adherence rates remain suboptimal. METHODS: This quantitative descriptive study of ICU nurses in the southeastern United States was guided by the theory of planned behavior...
April 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
Anna Belardinelli, Johannes Lohmann, Alessandro Farnè, Martin V Butz
It has been suggested that our mind anticipates the future to act in a goal-directed, event-oriented manner. Here we asked whether peripersonal hand space, that is, the space surrounding one's hands, is dynamically and adaptively mapped into the future while planning and executing a goal-directed object manipulation. We thus combined the crossmodal congruency paradigm (CCP), which has been used to study selective interactions between vision and touch within peripersonal space, with an object manipulation task...
March 14, 2018: Cognition
Christine Prouty, Shima Mohebbi, Qiong Zhang
Given the increasing vulnerability of communities to the negative impacts of untreated wastewater, resource recovery (RR) systems provide a paradigm shift away from a traditional approach of waste separation and treatment towards a productive recovery of water, energy and nutrients. The aim of this research is to understand the relationships between factors that influence the adoption and sustainability of wastewater-based RR systems to inform technology implementation strategies. The study presents a theory-informed, community-influenced system dynamics (SD) model to provide decision-makers with an adaptable tool that simulates system-level responses to the strategies that are developed for the coastal town of Placencia, Belize...
March 7, 2018: Water Research
Jane M Garbutt, Sherry Dodd, Emily Walling, Amanda A Lee, Katharine Kulka, Rebecca Lobb
BACKGROUND: The national guideline for use of the vaccine targeting oncogenic strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an evidence-based practice that is poorly implemented in primary care. Recommendations include completion of the vaccine series before the 13th birthday for girls and boys, giving the first dose at the 11- to 12-year-old check-up visit, concurrent with other recommended vaccines. Interventions to increase implementation of this guideline have had little impact, and opportunities to prevent cancer continue to be missed...
March 13, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Titus Josef Brinker, Marlene Heckl, Martina Gatzka, Markus V Heppt, Henrique Resende Rodrigues, Sven Schneider, Wiebke Sondermann, Carolina de Almeida E Silva, Michael C Kirchberger, Joachim Klode, Alexander H Enk, Sarah Knispel, Christof von Kalle, Ingo Stoffels, Dirk Schadendorf, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Stefan Esser, Aisllan Assis, Breno Bernardes-Souza
BACKGROUND: The incidence of melanoma is increasing faster than any other major cancer both in Brazil and worldwide. Southeast Brazil has especially high incidences of melanoma, and early detection is low. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a primary risk factor for developing melanoma. Increasing attractiveness is a major motivation among adolescents for tanning. A medical student-delivered intervention that takes advantage of the broad availability of mobile phones and adolescents' interest in their appearance indicated effectiveness in a recent study from Germany...
March 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
A Hunter Threadgill, Philip A Gable
Based on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (Gray and McNaughton 2000), human behavior is influenced by systems of approach motivation, avoidance motivation, and a third regulatory system presiding over the other two. These systems mediate action and are likely related to neurophysiological markers of motor-action preparation. Previous research has found that lower levels of beta activity over the motor cortex are associated with greater motor-action preparation. The current study sought to test whether trait approach, avoidance, and regulatory control would relate to resting beta activity over the motor cortex, a measure of motor-action preparation...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Neill B Baskerville, Laura L Struik, Darly Dash
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the use of smartphone apps for smoking cessation, especially in young adults given their high smoking rates and high smartphone ownership rates. Although evaluative evidence is encouraging for supporting smoking cessation, there remains a paucity of research describing the design and development processes of mobile health (mHealth) interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to describe the process of developing Crush the Crave (CTC), an evidence-informed app to support smoking cessation in young adults, and the results of a formative evaluation of app usage behavior, as part of a broader program of research that seeks to establish the effectiveness of the CTC app...
March 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Yazhuo Deng, David R Paul
PURPOSE: This study drew upon the ecological system theory to demonstrate rural-urban differences in the relationships between the availability of recreational facilities, physical activity (PA), functional health status, and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Chinese adults. METHODS: Nationally representative data (n = 5949) from the Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS, 2011-2013) were examined using the multigroup structural equation modeling approach...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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