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Theory of planned behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092196/risky-online-behaviors-among-adolescents-longitudinal-relations-among-problematic-internet-use-cyberbullying-perpetration-and-meeting-strangers-online
#1
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Erika Borrajo, Carmen Almendros
Background and aims This study aims to analyze the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationship between three major risky online behaviors during adolescence: problematic Internet use, cyberbullying perpetration, and meeting strangers online. An additional objective was to study the role of impulsivity-irresponsibility as a possible explanatory variable of the relationships between these risky online behaviors. Methods The study sample was 888 adolescents that completed self-report measures at time 1 and time 2 with an interval of 6 months...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088545/how-do-people-s-perceptions-and-climatic-disaster-experiences-influence-their-daily-behaviors-regarding-adaptation-to-climate-change-a-case-study-among-young-generations
#2
Ying Deng, Ming Wang, Rasoul Yousefpour
Adaptation is a commonly applied strategy used to address individual behavior changes, in response to climate change. However, in-depth, evidence-based investigations of the relationships among individual perceptions, climatic disaster experiences, and daily behaviors regarding adaptation to climate change remain to be conducted. We obtained survey data from 488 respondents in southwestern China, a region prone to frequent and severe droughts, to assess factors that influence adaptive behaviors and to identify their pathways...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087609/role-of-attitudes-and-intentions-in-predicting-adherence-to-oral-diabetes-medications
#3
Emmanuel K Fai, Cheryl Anderson, Victor Ferreros
The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the extent to which patient attitudes and intentions predict adherence to the use of oral antihyperglycemic regimens in African Americans. This cross-sectional study of 115 participants used correlation analysis to establish relationships between patient attitudes, intentions, and adherence. Data analyses showed significant correlations between the variables. Multiple regression analysis was used to establish predictions between the variables. A prediction model containing attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) explained 37% of the variance to behavioral intention...
January 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#4
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073309/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-school-nurses-perceptions-on-concussion-care-management
#5
Kathleen H Schneider
The rate of concussions in adolescents has risen over the last decade, resulting in cognitive and emotional problems. Neurologists recommend cognitive and physical rest during the recovery period, followed by a transitional return-to-classroom protocol. The purpose of the study was to develop and test an instrument that explores the beliefs and roles of school nurses in concussion care management. The instrument was a cross-sectional descriptive survey based on the theory of planned behavior, using Qualtrics®...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067581/understanding-adherence-to-treatment-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-hemophilia-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#6
Sarah Bérubé, Audrey Cloutier-Bergeron, Claudine Amesse, Serge Sultan
The objective of this study was to identify psychosocial factors to explain intentions of children and adolescents with hemophilia to adhere to recommendations for self-care. Twenty-four patients with hemophilia A and B, aged 6-18 years old, and their parents, completed a survey. Measures assessed factors from the theory of planned behavior, physical activity, and medical treatment adherence. The results indicate that past behaviors, attitudes, and subjective norms explained a large proportion of the intention to engage in future nonrecommended physical activity...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058240/factors-influencing-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-iranian-mothers-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#7
Mohsen Saffari, Amir H Pakpour, Hui Chen
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) contributes to the health and survival of the newborns. Many factors influence the EBF behavior. This study aimed to identify the determinant factors in order to improve the practice of EBF among Iranian mothers. Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out in 1445 mothers with newborns in Qazvin city, Iran (September 2015-March 2016). Demographic variables as well as the constructs of theory of planned behavior (TBP) were measured by questionnaires. Bivariate analysis using Pearson and Spearman correlation tests with analysis of variance were used to investigate the associations among the variables...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043723/effectiveness-of-online-simulation-training-measuring-faculty-knowledge-perceptions-and-intention-to-adopt
#8
Sujeong Kim, Chang Park, Jennifer O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Best practice standards of simulation recommend standardized simulation training for nursing faculty. Online training may offer an effective and more widely available alternative to in-person training. OBJECTIVES: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior, this study evaluated the effectiveness of an online simulation training program, examining faculty's foundational knowledge of simulation as well as perceptions and intention to adopt. DESIGN: One-group pretest-posttest design...
December 24, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042358/building-intentions-with-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour-the-mediating-role-of-knowledge-and-expectations-in-implementing-new-pharmaceutical-services-in-malaysia
#9
Christine L Tan, Vincent B Gan, Fahad Saleem, Mohamed A Hassali
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy value added services (PVAS) was introduced as a matter of public health policy by Malaysia's Ministry of Health to improve health outcomes through public healthcare services. For example, drive through pharmacy services is a major policy implementation of the Ministry. However, adoption rates are low and therefore hampering the achievement of national health policy goals. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to explore the key determinants and mediators of successful implementation of new public pharmaceutical services by investigating the cognitive perspectives of patients' intentions to adopt with the Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032912/thematic-mapping-maps-much-territory-but-needs-stronger-evidence-based-coordinates-a-commentary
#10
Tracy D Eells
Thematic mapping (TM) is a transtheoretical, transdiagnostic, pattern-focused method of case formulation. It involves systematically gathering a broad range relevant client information, collecting representative behavioral episodes, using inductive and deductive reasoning to identify themes and subthemes that characterize a client's dysfunctional patterns, and then developing a treatment plan to address them. The TM method includes debiasing steps to minimize clinician judgment errors and addresses a client's cultural context...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032052/effect-of-education-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-on-adoption-of-oral-health-behaviors-of-pregnant-women-referred-to-health-centers-of-birjand-in-2016
#11
Sediqe Ebrahimipour, Hossein Ebrahimipoiur, Fateme Alibakhshian, Marzieh Mohamadzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Oral health of pregnant women is very important because of the adverse effects of pregnancy on the oral hard and soft tissues and vice versa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of education on oral health behaviors of pregnant women based on the theory of planned behavior in Birjand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was carried out among 150 pregnant women admitted to health centers, who were selected using simple sampling (75 females in each case and control group)...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010162/testing-the-model-of-goal-directed-behavior-for-predicting-binge-drinking-among-young-people
#12
Alessandro Gabbiadini, Francesca Cristini, Luca Scacchi, Maria Grazia Monaci
BACKGROUND: One of the most problematic modes of alcohol consumption in young adults is risky drinking in single episodes, which typically takes place in social contexts. Several studies have applied the Theory of Planned Behavior to drinking intentions and behavior in young people. However, previous studies show that this model lacks a "bridge" that links a mental process like intentions to a physical process represented by the actual action. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to test the predictive power of the Model of Goal-Directed Behavior plus social influences in order to overcome theory of planned behavior gaps in predicting binge-drinking behavior in young people...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008371/mindful-climate-action-health-and-environmental-co-benefits-from-mindfulness-based-behavioral-training
#13
Bruce Barrett, Maggie Grabow, Cathy Middlecamp, Margaret Mooney, Mary M Checovich, Alexander K Converse, Bob Gillespie, Julia Yates
Greenhouse gases from human activities are causing climate change, creating risks for people around the globe. Behaviors involving transportation, diet, energy use, and purchasing drive greenhouse gas emissions, but are also related to health and well-being, providing opportunity for co-benefits. Replacing shorter automobile trips with walking or cycling, or eating plants rather than animals, for example, may increase personal health, while also reducing environmental impact. Mindfulness-based practices have been shown to enhance a variety of health outcomes, but have not been adapted towards environmental purposes...
October 2016: Sustainability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004510/mothers-intentions-to-vaccinate-their-teenaged-children-against-human-papillomavirus-as-predicted-by-sex-in-south-korea-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#14
Kyung Mi Kim, Jeong Sil Choi
AIM: This study was conducted in order to examine the intention of mothers to vaccinate their teenaged children against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, according to the children's sex. Based on the theory of planned behavior, the study identified the sex-specific predictors of mothers' intention to vaccinate their teenaged children against HPV. METHODS: This was a descriptive survey study that included, as participants, 200 mothers whose teenaged children were not vaccinated against HPV...
December 22, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993341/bridging-the-gap-between-research-and-practice-in-mental-health-service-settings-an-overview-of-developments-in-implementation-theory-and-research
#15
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Cassidy A Gutner, Kirsten Langdon, Jessica R Graham
Twenty years after Sobell's (1996) influential call to integrate advances in behavior therapy into clinical settings, significant progress has been made in implementation science. In this narrative review, we provide an overview of implementation research findings and highlight recent findings that can inform efforts to bridge the gap between research and practice in mental health service settings. Key findings are summarized, organized according to levels of influence described in two implementation frameworks: The Exploration, Planning, Implementation, and Sustainment Framework (EPIS; Aarons et al...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992247/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-physical-activity-change-outcomes-of-the-aging-well-and-healthily-intervention-program-for-older-adults
#16
Elske Stolte, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J Aartsen, Theo G van Tilburg, Astrid Chorus
The predictive value of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on intention and physical activity (PA) over time was examined. Data from the Aging Well and Healthily intervention program (targeting perceived behavioral control and attitude, not subjective norm) were analyzed, including pretest (T0), posttest (T1, except subjective norm) and 4-6 months follow-up (T2, PA outcomes only) (N = 387, M age 72 yrs). Structural equation modelling was used to test a TPB model. PA was measured subjectively using the Voorrips sports subscale (T0 and T2), items measuring perceived increase in PA (T1), and adherence to exercises (T1 and T2)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988206/what-do-pediatric-residents-gain-from-an-experience-in-juvenile-justice-a-qualitative-analysis-of-community-based-learning
#17
Elizabeth R Hanson, Erin P Finley, Jean A Petershack
BACKGROUND: Training in advocacy and community pediatrics often involves the use of community site visits. However, data on the specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes gained from these experiences are limited. In this study we use qualitative analysis of written narratives to explore the response of residents to a juvenile justice experience. METHODS: Pediatric residents participated in a week-long experience in the juvenile probation department and completed a written narrative...
December 14, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984672/effectiveness-of-interactive-self-management-interventions-in-individuals-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Xiao-le He
AIMS: To identify, assess, and summarize available scientific evidence on the effectiveness of interactive self-management interventions on glycemic control and patient-centered outcomes in individuals with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Major English and Chinese electronic databases including Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and WanFang Data were searched to identify randomized controlled trials that reported the effectiveness of interactive self-management interventions in individuals with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] ≥ 7...
December 16, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960609/using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-predict-hpv-vaccination-intentions-of-college-men
#19
Hannah Priest Catalano, Adam P Knowlden, David A Birch, James D Leeper, Angelia M Paschal, Stuart L Usdan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs in predicting human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination behavioral intentions of vaccine-eligible college men. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were unvaccinated college men aged 18-26 years attending a large public university in the southeastern United States during Spring 2015. METHODS: A nonexperimental, cross-sectional study design was employed. Instrumentation comprised a qualitative elicitation study, expert panel review, pilot test, test-retest, and internal consistency, construct validity, and predictive validity assessments using data collected from an online self-report questionnaire...
December 14, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959294/intensive-care-unit-nurses-beliefs-about-delirium-assessment-and-management
#20
Kimberly J Oosterhouse, Catherine Vincent, Marquis D Foreman, Valerie A Gruss, Colleen Corte, Barbara Berger
Delirium, the most frequent complication of hospitalized older adults, particularly in intensive care units (ICUs), can result in increased mortality rates and length of stay. Nurses are neither consistently identifying nor managing delirium in these patients. The purpose of this study was to explore ICU nurses' identification of delirium, actions they would take for patients with signs or symptoms of delirium, and beliefs about delirium assessment and management. In this cross-sectional study using qualitative descriptive methods guided by the theory of planned behavior, 30 ICU nurses' responses to patient vignettes depicting different delirium subtypes were explored...
October 2016: AACN Advanced Critical Care
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