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Theory of planned behavior

Anthony Dudo, John Besley, Lee Ann Kahlor, Hyeseung Koh, Jacob Copple, Shupei Yuan
In this study, we present results from an extensive survey of US-based microbiologists (adults) to explore these scientists' perceptions and behaviors related to communicating their research. Specifically, we explored the frequency with which microbiologists engage in public communication, how they evaluate their public communication experiences, and the factors associated with their willingness to engage in face-to-face and online public communication in the future. Data from a multi-wave online survey suggest that microbiologists (N = 903) are somewhat frequent communicators who derive great value from their outreach efforts...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Shuyan Yang, Elsie Yan, Xue Bai
BACKGROUND: The subject of sexuality in older adults has remained grossly understudied in China, despite the country having the largest older population in the world. OBJECTIVE: Guided by the Sexual Script Theory and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this study used path analysis to test an integrated path model for sexual activity with sexual interest as a mediator. METHODS: Survey data was collected from a representative sample of 688 community-dwelling older Chinese adults aged 60 or above residing in Tianjin, China...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Dirk Kranz, Holger Busch, Christoph Niepel
The present study explores the motivation for fatherhood in a sample of childless German gay and heterosexual men aged 18 to 40 years (N = 628 + 638). Referring to the theory of planned behavior (TPB), three potential predictors were considered: the individual's attitude toward having children, perceived attitudes of significant others toward fatherhood, and anticipated parental self-efficacy. Regarding fathering motivation, the general desire to become a father was differentiated from the more concrete fathering intention...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Motolani Akinola, Luciana E Hebert, Brandon J Hill, Michael Quinn, Jane L Holl, Amy K Whitaker, Melissa L Gilliam
Young African American and Latina women aged 15 to 24 are more likely to adopt short-acting forms of contraception over long-acting reversible contraception. Mobile applications and other forms of digital media may be useful for providing adolescents with information about sexual and reproductive health both inside and outside of the health care setting. The miPlan app was designed in accordance with principles of user experience design, and its content was informed by the theory of planned behavior and the transtheoretical model of behavior change...
June 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Brittany Humphries, Stéphanie Collins, Laurence Guillaumie, Julie Lemieux, Anne Dionne, Louise Provencher, Jocelyne Moisan, Sophie Lauzier
Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) taken for a minimum of five years reduces the recurrence and mortality risks among women with hormone-sensitive breast cancer. However, adherence to AET is suboptimal. To guide the development of theory-based interventions to enhance AET adherence, we conducted a study to explore beliefs regarding early adherence to AET. This qualitative study was guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). We conducted focus groups and individual interviews among women prescribed AET in the last two years ( n = 43)...
June 9, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Danielle Symons Downs, Jennifer S Savage, Daniel E Rivera, Joshua M Smyth, Barbara J Rolls, Emily E Hohman, Katherine M McNitt, Allen R Kunselman, Christy Stetter, Abigail M Pauley, Krista S Leonard, Penghong Guo
BACKGROUND: High gestational weight gain is a major public health concern as it independently predicts adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Past interventions have had only limited success in effectively managing pregnancy weight gain, especially among women with overweight and obesity. Well-designed interventions are needed that take an individualized approach and target unique barriers to promote healthy weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study is to describe the study protocol for Healthy Mom Zone, an individually tailored, adaptive intervention for managing weight in pregnant women with overweight and obesity...
June 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Chunxiao Li, Feng-Hua Sun, Liancheng Zhang, Derwin King Chung Chan
Pre-exercise fluid intake is an important healthy behavior for maintaining athletes’ sports performances and health. However, athletes’ behavioral adherence to fluid intake and its underlying psychological mechanisms have not been investigated. This prospective study aimed to use a health psychology model that integrates the self-determination theory and the theory of planned behavior for understanding pre-exercise fluid intake among athletes. Participants ( n = 179) were athletes from college sport teams who completed surveys at two time points...
May 21, 2018: Nutrients
Michael Kimmel, Dayana Hristova, Kerstin Kussmaul
Drawing on a micro-phenomenological paradigm, we discuss Contact Improvisation (CI), where dancers explore potentials of intercorporeal weight sharing, kinesthesia, touch, and momentum. Our aim is to typologically discuss creativity related skills and the rich spectrum of creative resources CI dancers use. This spectrum begins with relatively idea-driven creation and ends with interactivity-centered, fully emergent creation: (1) Ideation internal to the mind, the focus of traditional creativity research, is either restricted to semi-independent dancing or remains schematic and thus open to dynamic specification under the partner’s influence...
May 23, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
C J Eubanks Fleming, Kyle A Lynch, Maggie B Hakas, Elizabeth Belanger
The risk for sexual victimization in college is high, and although there can be significant mental and physical consequences for the survivor, resource utilization for this issue is extremely low. The current study used the frameworks of both the ecological model and the theory of planned behavior to examine factors related to resource use in undergraduate survivors of unwanted sexual experiences. The sample consisted of 217 undergraduates who reported at least one unwanted sexual experience while in college (89% female, 76...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Todd Lucas, Mark Manning, Lenwood W Hayman, James Blessman
This study demonstrates the potential of racial identity to moderate how gain and loss-framed messaging, as well as culturally-targeted messaging, can affect receptivity to preventive health screening. African-Americans (N = 132) who were noncompliant with recommended colorectal cancer (CRC) screening completed a measure of racial identity centrality-encompassing the extent to which racial identity is a core component of self-concept-and then participated in an online education module about CRC screening, during which either gain or loss-framed messaging was introduced...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Gloria Shalviri, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Fariba Mirbaha, Kheirollah Gholami, Reza Majdzadeh
Adverse drug events (ADEs) may cause serious injuries including death. Spontaneous reporting of ADEs plays a great role in detection and prevention of them; however, underreporting always exists. Although several interventions have been utilized to solve this problem, they are mainly based on experience and the rationale for choosing them has no theoretical base. The vast variety of behavioural theories makes it difficult to choose appropriate theory. Theoretical domains framework (TDF) is suggested as a solution...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Andrea Döbler, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Hartmut Pollmann, Erik Farin, Heiner Raspe, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: In a German rehabilitation center, 249 patients with Type 2 diabetes were separated into randomized groups, either a 12-month telephone follow-up support group or the usual care group...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Katharina Fellnhofer
This study of Entrepreneurship Education (EE) centers on the impact of entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurial passion, which also is expected to influence entrepreneurial intention. Based on 426 individuals recruited primarily from Austria, Finland, and Greece, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) reveals the significant direct and indirect effects of entrepreneurial role models on entrepreneurial intention, mediated by entrepreneurial passion. These effects were found to be stronger following multimedia presentation of entrepreneurial stories, confirming the fruitful spillover effects of the innovative educational use of computers on entrepreneurial intentions among nascent entrepreneurs...
July 2017: Journal of entrepreneurship education
Annabel D Nijhof, Lara Bardi, Marcel Brass, Jan R Wiersema
The socio-communicative difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are hypothesized to be caused by a specific deficit in the ability to represent one's own and others' mental states, referred to as Theory of Mind or mentalizing. However, many individuals with ASD show successful performance on explicit measures of mentalizing, and for this reason, the deficit is thought to be better captured by measures of spontaneous mentalizing. While there is initial behavioral support for this hypothesis, spontaneous mentalizing in ASD has not yet been studied at the neural level...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Seyed Saied Mazloomi-Mahmoodabad, Seyed Alireza Afshani, Nahid Ardian, Ali Vaezi, Seyed Ali Asghar Refahi
AIM: The present study sought to explore the experiences of participants in divorce process according to the theory of planned behaviour. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted using content analysis method. In this research, 27 participants involved in the divorce process were selected. The data were coded, and the qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Based on four constructs of the theory of planned behaviour, the subcategories of instrumental attitude were "Divorce as the last solution" and "Divorce as damage for individuals and society"...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Natalie Riblet, Brian Shiner, Robert Scott, Martha L Bruce, Danuta Wasserman, Bradley V Watts
Introduction: Patients are at increased risk for death by suicide following a psychiatric hospitalization. There has been limited study of the association between patient engagement in follow-up care after psychiatric hospitalization and suicide risk. Understanding why psychiatric inpatients choose to engage in post-discharge care is important in developing effective suicide prevention strategies. Materials and Methods: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been widely used to understand many health behaviors including healthcare utilization...
May 31, 2018: Military Medicine
Paul Branscum, Valerie Senkowski
The theory of planned behavior (TPB) is a popular value-expectancy model in social and behavioral health. Motivation to comply, one of the theory's constructs, has not been well operationalized and measured in the past, and to date, there has been no assessment of whether level of specificity affects the measurement of the construct. The purpose of this study was to measure the motivation to comply construct across four domains (from general to TACT-behavior specific) and evaluate the potential impact the differences have when identifying determinants of generalized injunctive norms...
May 30, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Emiko Nishioka
In this paper, we describe the trends in research on adolescent sexuality education in Japan and other countries and on fertility awareness, as well as the possibility of life planning based on sex and reproductive health education. Mason-Jones AJ et al. reviewed the results of school-based intervention studies on the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus infection, sexually transmitted diseases, and pregnancy. There is little evidence supporting the idea that educational curriculum-based programs alone are effective in improving sex and reproductive health outcomes in adolescents...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Forouzan Rostami, Syed Tajuddin Syed Hassan, Farideh Yaghmaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Min-Jung Li, Jiun-Hau Huang
The number of HIV cases in Taiwan exceeded 30,000 in 2016. Per the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target, 81% of people living with HIV should receive medication. However, numerous previous studies focused on adherence rather than the initial healthcare seeking intention if diagnosed with HIV (HIV HSI). Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), anonymous online survey data were collected from December 2016 through February 2017 from 2709 young MSM (YMSM) ages 15-39. Multivariate logistic regression found the significant factors and strengths of associations with HIV HSI varied by their HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) experience...
May 28, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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