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Preventative medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719767/capacity-of-commune-health-stations-in-chi-linh-district-hai-duong-province-for-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#1
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Bui Thi My Anh, Nguyen Nguyen Ngoc, Dang Minh Diem, Vu Duy Kien, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Quynh Anh, Hoang Van Minh
The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719639/oral-administration-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-during-gestation-period-for-preventing-hemolytic-disease-of-the-newborn-due-to-abo-incompatibility-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Huijuan Cao, Ruohan Wu, Mei Han, Patrina Ha Yuen Caldwell, Jian-Ping Liu
BACKGROUND: About 85.3% of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) is caused by maternal-fetal ABO blood group incompatibility. However, there is currently no recommended "best" therapy for ABO incompatibility during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the safety and effectiveness of oral Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for preventing HDN due to ABO incompatibility. METHODS: The protocol of this review was registered on the PROSPERO website (No...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719249/applying-sensory-modulation-to-mental-health-inpatient-care-to-reduce-seclusion-and-restraint-a-case-control-study
#3
Charlotte Andersen, Anne Kolmos, Kjeld Andersen, Volkmar Sippel, Elsebeth Stenager
BACKGROUND: Clinical training in managing conflicts and preventing violence seldom contains sensory modulation (SM) as a method to de-escalate and prevent restraint and seclusion. Sensory-based interventions promote adaptive regulation of arousal and emotion. SM is a complementary approach that is associated with reduced rates of seclusion and restraint in mental healthcare, but there is need for more research in this area. AIMS: Using SM to reduce restraint and seclusion in inpatient mental health care...
July 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718382/establishing-clinical-pharmacy-services-with-prescribing-privileges-in-a-federally-qualified-health-center-primary-care-clinic
#4
Jeany K Jun
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process and cost of establishing clinical pharmacy services with prescribing privileges in a federally qualified health center (FQHC) primary care clinic. SETTING: The primary care clinic was located in a low-income area of Southern California and served patients with Medicaid and Medicare. The primary care clinic had preventive medicine and family medicine physicians, a family medicine residency program, behavioral health services, and a registered dietician...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717334/osteoporosis-knowledge-among-future-healthcare-practitioners-findings-from-a-malaysian-public-university
#5
Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Muhammad Farhan Baharuddin, Muhammad Afif Johari, Nur Ashikin Binti Ab Aziz, Siti Farhanah Binti Ahmad Sabri, Nur Akmal Binti Ismail
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Students in relevant health-care academic programs are the future professionals who should play an active role in increasing community awareness regarding chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. This research aimed to evaluate the knowledge of osteoporosis, one of the growing health-care burdens in Malaysia, among students belong to three different health occupations programs in a Malaysian University. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on osteoporosis and to explore the potential association between the study program and osteoporosis-related knowledge among medicine, pharmacy, and allied health sciences students in a Malaysian University...
April 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716670/nationwide-study-on-peripheral-venous-catheter-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-internal-medicine-departments
#6
María Guembe, María Jesús Pérez-Granda, José Antonio Capdevila, José Barberán, Blanca Pinilla, Pablo Martín-Rabadán, Emilio Bouza
BACKGROUND: The use of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) has increased outside the intensive care unit, as have rates of peripheral venous catheter associated-bloodstream infection (PVC-BSI). The internal medicine department (IMD) is one of the main wards where PVCs are widely used. However, data on the incidence of PVC-BSI and its characteristics in the IMD are scarce. AIM: Our objective was to assess the incidence of PVC-BSI episodes detected in IMDs in Spain...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716085/the-protective-effect-of-fermented-curcuma-longa-l-on-memory-dysfunction-in-oxidative-stress-induced-c6-gliomal-cells-proinflammatory-activated-bv2-microglial-cells-and-scopolamine-induced-amnesia-model-in-mice
#8
Cheong-Su Eun, Jong-Soon Lim, Jihye Lee, Sam-Pin Lee, Seun-Ah Yang
BACKGROUND: Curcuma longa L. is a well-known medicinal plant that has been used for its anti-cancer, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective effects. However, the neuroprotective effect of fermented C. longa (FCL) has not been reported. Therefore, in this study, the effectiveness of FCL for the regulation of memory dysfunction was investigated in two brain cell lines (rat glioma C6 and murine microglia BV2) and scopolamine-treated mice. METHODS: C. longa powder was fermented by 5% Lactobacillus plantarum K154 containing 2% (w/v) yeast extract at 30 °C for 72 h followed by sterilization at 121 °C for 15 min...
July 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715608/ticagrelor-mitigates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-vascular-endothelial-dysfunction-in-healthy-young-males-a-randomised-single-blinded-study
#9
Stefan Weisshaar, Brigitte Litschauer, Matthias Eipeldauer, Eva Luise Hobl, Michael Wolzt
AIM: Animal data suggest that ticagrelor but not clopidogrel protects against tissue injury. It is unclear if this effect of ticagrelor is also detectable in humans. We studied the effect of ticagrelor and clopidogrel at standard clinical doses on endothelial dysfunction in an experimental model of forearm vascular ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. METHODS: In a randomised, single-blinded trial 24 subjects underwent forearm blood flow (FBF) measurements in response to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine (ACh) and to glyceryltrinitrate (GTN; endothelium-independent) before and after a 20 min forearm ischemia...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715306/a-data-rich-longitudinal-wellness-study-for-the-digital-age-fixing-a-broken-medical-system-requires-data-about-each-patient
#10
Gustavo Glusman
We live in an age of plentiful information, collected continuously by pervasive gadgetry, distributed through digital and social networks, and mined deeply by ever-more-powerful analytics systems. And yet, one of the things we know the least about is our bodies. When it comes to our own health, we are driving blindly. Modern medicine has clearly been remarkably successful, as evidenced by continually growing life expectancies. For example, the number of people 65 and older in the United States has seen a steady increase over the last century, rising from 3...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714650/-stigmatisation-a-widespread-problem-with-multiple-consequences
#11
Nicole Bichsel, Philippe Conus
Stigmatisation is a well known social phenomenon based on the discrimination of an individual or a sub-group of individuals by a dominant or majority group. Often discussed in the frame of psychiatry, it is also observed in other domains of medicine. It impacts not only patients, but their relatives and their children, as well as the health professionals taking care of them. Moreover, it is detrimental to the implementation of preventive strategies and induces depressive reactions, loss of self esteem and reduction of patients' quality of life...
February 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714250/development-of-antimicrobial-nanoemulsion-based-delivery-systems-against-selected-pathogenic-bacteria-using-a-thymol-rich-thymus-daenensis-essential-oil
#12
Lida Ghaderi, Roya Moghimi, Atousa Aliahmadi, David Julian McClements, Hasan Rafati
AIMS: Thymol rich medicinal plants have been used in traditional medicine to relieve infectious diseases. However, the application of essential oils as medicine is limited by its low water-solubility and high vapor pressure. The objective of this study was to produce stable nanoemulsions of Thymus daenensis oil in water by preventing Ostwald ripening and phase separation. METHODS & RESULTS: The antibacterial activity of bulk and emulsified essential oil against selected pathogenic bacteria including Gram-negative (Haemophilus influenzae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive (Streptococcus pneumoniae) were investigated in the liquid and vapor phase...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713991/pien-tze-huang-gan-bao-attenuates-carbon-tetrachloride%C3%A2-induced-hepatocyte-apoptosis-in-rats-associated-with-suppression-of-p53-activation-and-oxidative-stress
#13
Jinyan Zhao, Yuchen Zhang, Yun Wan, Haixia Hu, Zhenfeng Hong
Pien Tze Huang Gan Bao (PZH‑GB), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for thousands of years as a protective remedy effective against liver injury induced by excessive alcohol and smoking. The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effects and potential mechanisms of PZH‑GB against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)‑induced hepatic injury. Rats were pre‑treated with silymarin (50 mg/kg) or different doses of PZH‑GB (150, 300 or 600 mg/kg) orally administered for 7 days. At the end of treatment, the rats were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4, or control rats received a corn oil injection...
July 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713946/ginkgo-biloba-extract-prevents-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-suppresses-the-inflammation%C3%A2-and-apoptosis%C3%A2-regulating-p38-mitogen%C3%A2-activated-protein-kinases-nuclear-factor%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-b%C3%A2-cell-lymphoma-2-signaling-pathways
#14
Yanping Li, Ya Zhang, Min Wen, Ju Zhang, Xia Zhao, Yuan Zhao, Jiagang Deng
Ginkgo biloba is a plant known from the Mesozoic and has been regarded as one of the first to be used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The plant extract has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. The Ginkgo biloba leaf contains flavones and diterpenes. In addition, Ginkgo biloba performs certain pharmacologic actions, including antioxidant and anti‑aging activities. The aim of the present study was to examine whether Ginkgo biloba extract prevents acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713526/recent-developments-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-epidural-abscesses
#15
REVIEW
Adam E M Eltorai, Syed S Naqvi, Ashok Seetharam, Bielinsky A Brea, Chad Simon
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a serious condition that can be challenging to diagnose due to nonspecific symptomology and delayed presentation. Despite this, it requires prompt recognition and management in order to prevent permanent neurologic sequelae. Several recent studies have improved our understanding of SEA. Herein, we summarize the recent literature from the past 10 years relevant to SEA diagnosis, management and outcome. While surgical care remains the mainstay of treatment, a select subset of SEA patients may be managed without operative intervention...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713407/biorhizome-a-biosynthetic-platform-for-colchicine-biomanufacturing
#16
REVIEW
Ganapathy Sivakumar, Kamran Alba, Gregory C Phillips
Colchicine is one of the oldest plant-based medicines used to treat gout and one of the most important alkaloid-based antimitotic drugs with anticancer potential, which is commercially extracted from Gloriosa superba. Clinical trials suggest that colchicine medication could prevent atrial fibrillation recurrence after cardiac surgery. In addition, therapeutic colchicine is undergoing clinical trials to treat non-diabetic metabolic syndrome and diabetic nephropathy. However, the industrial-scale biomanufacturing of colchicine have not yet been established...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713203/solvatochromic-fluorescent-probes-for-recognition-of-human-serum-albumin-in-aqueous-solution-insights-into-structure-property-relationship
#17
Bin Liu, Xiaoman Bi, Lucas McDonald, Yi Pang, Danqing Liu, Chengjun Pan, Lei Wang
Human serum albumin (HSA) as the most abundant protein in human blood plasma, serves many physiological functions. The dysregulation of HSA in serum or in urine is associated with various diseases, such as cirrhosis of liver, multiple myeloma, and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, to quantify HSA in body fluids with high selectivity and sensitivity is of great significance for disease diagnosis and preventive medicine. We herein developed a series of amide-functionalized flavonoids probes, 1-3, for recognition of human serum albumin...
November 29, 2016: Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713102/-contemporary-use-of-radiosynoviorthesis-in-chronic-polyarthrtitis
#18
Robert Zwolak, Maria Majdan
Radiosynoviorthesis is used for local treatment of recurrent joint effusions, leads to necrosis of inflamed synovium due to beta radiation energy served after intraarticular radionuclide administration. The aim of the therapy is destruction and fibrosis of abnormal, hypertrophic synovial membrane and then full recovery of its normal function after local corticosteroids and systemic modifying drugs failure. Radiosynoviorthesis is effective in different type of peripheral arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory spondyloarthtropaties, gout, chondrocalcinosis, pigmented villo-nodular synovitis, recurrent knee effusion after total joint replacement, idiopathic knee joint effusion, osteoarthritis and secondary prevention of intraarticular bleeding in haemophilia...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713078/-the-influence-of-pain-aliments-and-vertebral-mobility-in-patients-after-whole-body-cryotherapy
#19
Zbigniew Śliwiński, Beata Michalak, Jarosław Pasek, Grzegorz Śliwiński, Sebastian Szajkowski, Aleksander Sieroń
INTRODUCTION: The motive efficiency depends from many factors, in this currently also form the state of health. The change in grounds of vertebral column causing the limitations of mobility and pain can significance worsen the functional state, motive efficiency and quality of patient's life. The leadership of active mode of life complying to recommendations the preventive style of life as well as the using with interventions of physical medicine influences on improvement significance the state of health...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711897/studying-risk-factors-for-skin-cancer-development
#20
Оlena О Оshyvalova
INTRODUCTION: In most countries with a population of mainly European origin, non-melanoma skin carcinoma incidence rate has increased over the last decade. Understanding of what is the best way to identify people at high risk for skin cancer development will help to optimize the strategy for prevention and treatment tactics. Aim of the research involves studying risk factors for skin cancer development in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in situ (cSCC and SCCis correspondingly) and patients with actinic keratosis (AK)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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