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nutrition metabolism and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096137/introduction-to-the-yogurt-in-nutrition-initiative-at-the-first-symposium-of-yogurt-in-mexico-the-balanced-diet-initiative
#1
REVIEW
Armando R Tovar, Guadalupe Herrera
In some European countries, yogurt consumption is common. However, such consumption is not common in Latin America, particularly in Mexico, partially because of the lack of a cultural tradition of consuming yogurt. Moreover, we also know that little information about the health benefits associated with yogurt consumption has been provided to the Mexican population. Thus, there is an immediate need to provide, at least to the nutrition community in the country, current scientific evidence about the health benefits of yogurt, with the aim that yogurt be included as part of the functional foods recommended to the population...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096099/high-saturated-fat-diet-increases-circulating-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-which-is-enhanced-by-the-rs4343-polymorphism-defining-persons-at-risk-of-nutrient-dependent-increases-of-blood-pressure
#2
Rita Schüler, Martin A Osterhoff, Turid Frahnow, Anne-Cathrin Seltmann, Andreas Busjahn, Stefan Kabisch, Li Xu, Alexander S Mosig, Joachim Spranger, Matthias Möhlig, Silke Hornemann, Michael Kruse, Andreas F H Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays a major role in blood pressure regulation and cardiovascular homeostasis. Contrary to the assumption that ACE levels are stable, circulating ACE has been shown to be altered in obesity and weight loss. We sought to examine effects of a high-saturated-fat (HF) diet on ACE within the NUtriGenomic Analysis in Twins (NUGAT) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-six healthy and nonobese twin pairs initially consumed a carbohydrate-rich, low-fat diet over a period of 6 weeks to standardize for nutritional behavior prior to the study, followed by 6 weeks of HF diet under isocaloric conditions...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#3
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#4
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
January 11, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075340/bioactive-nutrients-and-nutrigenomics-in-age-related-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Tania Rescigno, Luigina Micolucci, Mario F Tecce, Anna Capasso
The increased life expectancy and the expansion of the elderly population are stimulating research into aging. Aging may be viewed as a multifactorial process that results from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, which include lifestyle. Human molecular processes are influenced by physiological pathways as well as exogenous factors, which include the diet. Dietary components have substantive effects on metabolic health; for instance, bioactive molecules capable of selectively modulating specific metabolic pathways affect the development/progression of cardiovascular and neoplastic disease...
January 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067891/an-interactive-web-based-intervention-on-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patient-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-red-ruby-study
#6
L Jahangiry, A Montazeri, M Najafi, M Yaseri, M A Farhangi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy nutritional behaviors are recognized as the key factors in the cause and management of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The effectiveness of interactive web-based interventions on dietary intakes, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with MetS is currently unknown. METHODS: The two-arm randomized-controlled trial was conducted for patients with MetS from June through December 2012 in Tehran, Iran...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066145/effects-of-high-glucose-with-or-without-other-metabolic-substrates-on-alpha-adrenergic-contractions-in-rat-mesenteric-and-femoral-arteries
#7
Rany Vorn, Hae Young Yoo
Hyperglycemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. It has been demonstrated that chronic exposure to high glucose impaired endothelial functions. However, specific effects of short-term exposure to high glucose on vascular reactivity are controversial. Moreover, the combined effects of other metabolic substrates such as free fatty acids (FFA) on vascular reactivity remain poorly understood. Here we investigate the effects of short-term exposure to high glucose with or without other metabolic substrates including FFAs termed "nutrition full" (NF) solution, on mesenteric (MA) and deep femoral arteries (DFA) of rats...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064444/phosphate-binders-and-targets-over-decades-do-we-have-it-right-now
#8
Morgan Marcuccilli, Michel Chonchol, Anna Jovanovich
In advanced renal disease, the kidney is unable to maintain phosphate balance due to decreased urinary excretion as well as the imbalance of the bone metabolic axis. It is well established that hyperphosphatemia is associated with increased cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are no randomized controlled trials that demonstrate a clear benefit on hard outcomes in lowering serum phosphate levels to recommended targets in the CKD or dialysis population...
January 8, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056655/age-related-changes-in-gustatory-homeostatic-reward-and-memory-processing-of-sweet-taste-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-fmri-study
#9
Aaron Jacobson, Erin Green, Lori Haase, Jacquelyn Szajer, Claire Murphy
Age affects the human taste system at peripheral and central levels. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risk factors (e.g., abdominal obesity and hypertension) that co-occur, increase with age, and heighten risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cognitive decline. Little is known about how age, metabolic syndrome, and hunger state interact to influence how the brain processes information about taste. We investigated brain activation during the hedonic evaluation of a pleasant, nutritive stimulus (sucrose) within regions critical for taste, homeostatic energy regulation, and reward, as a function of the interactions among age, metabolic syndrome, and hunger condition...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024831/impact-of-a-comprehensive-intervention-to-families-with-teenage-sons-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-case-report
#10
Alma Delia Laguna-Alcaraz, Oliva Mejía-Rodríguez, Ana Luisa Rendón-Paredes, Rafael Villa-Barajas, Ramón Paniagua
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in adolescence is a public health problem and a risk factor for chronic noncommunicable diseases. To prevent further diseases, preventive interventions are needed, including educational programmes, addressed in a primary care setting, that include the whole family. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive intervention, targeting families with teenage sons with overweight and obesity, in the lifestyle, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome in a primary care setting...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003293/estimating-change-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-burdens-due-to-dietary-and-metabolic-factors-in-korea-1998-2011-a-comparative-risk-assessment-analysis
#11
Yoonsu Cho, Frederick Cudhea, Ju-Hyun Park, Jong-Tae Lee, Dariush Mozaffarian, Gitanjali Singh, Min-Jeong Shin
OBJECTIVES: Over the past 10 years, the burden of chronic diseases in Korea has increased. However, there are currently no quantitative estimates of how changes in diet and metabolic factors have contributed to these shifting burdens. This study aims to evaluate the contributions of dietary and metabolic risk factors to death from cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) such as cardiovascular conditions, strokes and diabetes in Korea, and to estimate how these contributions have changed over the past 10 years (1998-2011)...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997862/the-association-of-pulse-pressure-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-elderly-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#12
Yu-Jin Kwon, Tae-Ha Chung, Jae-Yong Shim, Yong-Jae Lee
AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is one of the most important issues in elderly people because of its association with ensuing cardiovascular disease (CVD). The components of MetS play a key role in the pathogenesis of arterial thickness and stiffness. Pulse pressure (PP), an easily accessible parameter in a basic health evaluation, has been documented as a marker of arterial stiffness and widespread atherosclerosis. The aim of our study was to assess the association between PP and MetS in Korean elderly people...
December 5, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992361/risk-factors-that-affect-metabolic-health-status-in-obese-children
#13
Selin Elmaogullari, Fatma Demirel, Nihal Hatipoglu
BACKGROUND: While some obese children are metabolically healthy (MHO), some have additional health problems, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hepatosteatosis, which increase mortality and morbidity related to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) during adulthood. These children are metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) children. In this study we assessed the factors that affect metabolic health in obesity and the clinical and laboratory findings that distinguish between MHO and MUO children...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960249/who-is-at-risk-of-chronic-disease-associations-between-risk-profiles-of-physical-activity-sitting-and-cardio-metabolic-disease-in-australian-adults
#14
Lina Engelen, Joanne Gale, Josephine Y Chau, Louise L Hardy, Martin Mackey, Nathan Johnson, Debra Shirley, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of physical activity (PA) and sitting time (sit) with cardio-metabolic diseases. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-2012 (n=9,435) were used to classify adults into low and high risk groups based on their physical activity and sitting behaviour profiles. Logistic regression models examined associations between low and high risk classifications (high PA-low sit; high PA-high sit; low PA-low sit; low PA-high sit;) and socio-demographic factors, and associations between low and high risk classifications and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942464/short-term-caloric-restriction-in-db-db-mice-improves-myocardial-function-and-increases-high-molecular-weight-hmw-adiponectin
#15
X Julia Xu, Erma Babo, Fuzhong Qin, Dominique Croteau, Wilson S Colucci
BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic syndrome lead to the development of metabolic heart disease (MHD) that is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), diastolic dysfunction, and increased mitochondrial ROS. Caloric restriction (CR) is a nutritional intervention that protects against obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Healthy adipose tissue is cardioprotective via releasing adipokines such as adiponectin. We tested the hypothesis that CR can ameliorate MHD and it is associated with improved adipose tissue function as reflected by increased circulating levels of high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in db/db mice...
December 2016: IJC Metabolic & Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941030/molecular-mechanisms-of-ros-production-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Philip Newsholme, Vinicius Fernandes Cruzat, Kevin Noel Keane, Rodrigo Carlessi, Paulo Ivo Homem de Bittencourt
Oxidative stress and chronic inflammation are known to be associated with the development of metabolic diseases, including diabetes. Oxidative stress, an imbalance between oxidative and antioxidative systems of cells and tissues, is a result of over production of oxidative-free radicals and associated reactive oxygen species (ROS). One outcome of excessive levels of ROS is the modification of the structure and function of cellular proteins and lipids, leading to cellular dysfunction including impaired energy metabolism, altered cell signalling and cell cycle control, impaired cell transport mechanisms and overall dysfunctional biological activity, immune activation and inflammation...
December 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940967/the-challenge-of-frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#17
REVIEW
Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
Frailty is a clinical state in which there is an increase in an individual's vulnerability for developing increased dependency and/or mortality when exposed to stressors. Frailty is often accompanied by heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and frailty is likely to affect its clinical features and outcomes. Frail patients with HFpEF are frequently associated with sarcopenia (ie, muscle loss and weakness), which is a major component of the pathophysiology of frailty. Sarcopenia is a systemic skeletal muscle disease that impairs the function of limb skeletal muscles, as well as respiratory muscles, and this results in further functional decline...
December 9, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922919/association-between-sarcopenia-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-cancer-survivors
#18
Su Jung Lee, Nam Cho Kim
BACKGROUND: Advanced cancer treatments have improved survival from cancer, but the incidence of cardiovascular disease in survivors has recently increased. Sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are related to cancer survival, and sarcopenia is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, evidence of a relationship between sarcopenia and MetS in cancer survivors is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and MetS in cancer survivors and to investigate independent predictors of MetS in cancer survivors...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910747/effect-of-dietary-fat-on-gene-expression-in-poultry-a-review
#19
Bahman Navidshad, M Royan
Traditionally, poultry farmers aimed to produce birds with high body weight and feed conversion ratio. However, in line with current developments, there are other traits that must be taken into account as well. These include producing poultry meat with lower body fat content and improving the nutritional quality of the poultry meat to appeal to consumer requirements. The interrelated importance of human diet and health status is an ancient subject. Human foods as a lifestyle factor is involved in the incidence of many types of diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer...
2016: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903996/survival-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-predictors-of-mortality-a-single-centre-analysis-of-time-dependent-factors
#20
Shahrzad Ossareh, Farhat Farrokhi, Marjan Zebarjadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the outcome and predictors of survival in hemodialysis patients of Hasheminejad Kidney Center where a comprehensive dialysis care program has been placed since 2004. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 560 hemodialysis patients were used to evaluate 9-year survival rates and predictors of mortality. Cox regression models included comorbidities as well as averaged and 6-month-averaged time-dependent values of laboratory findings as independent factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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