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nutrition metabolism and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505392/beneficial-effects-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-roscoe-on-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Jing Wang, Weixin Ke, Rui Bao, Xiaosong Hu, Fang Chen
In recent years, metabolic syndromes (MetSs), including diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases, have become a common health problem in both developed and developing countries. Accumulating data have suggested that traditional herbs might be able to provide a wide range of remedies in prevention and treatment of MetSs. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae) has been documented to ameliorate hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, and inflammation. These beneficial effects are mediated by transcription factors, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, and nuclear factor κB...
May 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502489/dietary-carbohydrate-and-fat-intakes-are-differentially-associated-with-lipid-abnormalities-in-korean-adults
#2
SuJin Song, Won O Song, YoonJu Song
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of metabolic syndrome along with increasing rates of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and elevated triglycerides (TGs) is shown in Korean adults. Little is known about the associations between macronutrient intake and lipid abnormalities in the Asian population, whose major energy source is carbohydrates. OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of dietary carbohydrate and fat intakes with lipid abnormalities in Korean adults...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489760/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-is-independently-associated-with-hypertension-in-men-a-survey-design-analysis-using-nationwide-survey-data
#3
Seon-Hye Kim, Ju-Hee Park, Jung-Kyu Lee, Eun Young Heo, Deog Kyeom Kim, Hee Soon Chung
Although studies have shown that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hypertension are linked as comorbidities, it remains unclear whether COPD is independently associated with the risk of hypertension or is caused by common risk factors such as age and smoking. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between COPD and hypertension by using nationally representative data.This cross-sectional study analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V conducted during 2010 to 2012...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488692/mediterranean-diet-and-multiple-health-outcomes-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies-and-randomised-trials
#4
REVIEW
M Dinu, G Pagliai, A Casini, F Sofi
Research has shown that a greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of major chronic disease. However, the existing literature leads to debate for different issues, such as the measurement of the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the use of a wide variety of dietary indices with various food components and the large heterogeneity across the studies. In order to summarise the evidence and evaluate the validity of the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes, an umbrella review of the evidence across meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised clinical trials (RCTs) was performed...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456641/low-density-lipoprotein-oxidation-biomarkers-in-human-health-and-disease-and-effects-of-bioactive-compounds
#5
REVIEW
Brigitte M Winklhofer-Roob, Gernot Faustmann, Johannes M Roob
Based on the significance of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in health and disease, this review focuses on human studies addressing oxidation of LDL, including three lines of biomarkers, (i) ex vivo LDL resistance to oxidation, a "challenge test" model, (ii) circulating oxidized LDL, indicating the "current in vivo status", and (iii) autoantibodies against oxidized LDL as fingerprints of an immune response to oxidized LDL, along with circulating oxysterols and 4-hydroxynonenal as biomarkers of lipid peroxidation...
April 26, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451915/obesity-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-gluten-free-followers-without-celiac-disease-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2014
#6
Hyun-Seok Kim, Michael F Demyen, Justin Mathew, Neil Kothari, Mirela Feurdean, Sushil K Ahlawat
BACKGROUND: Despite unclear benefits of gluten-free diets (GFD) in the general population, gluten-free followers without medical indications are driving the market. Few studies have investigated health benefits of GFD in the general population. AIMS: To estimate metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profiles among gluten-free followers without celiac disease (CD). METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014...
April 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450786/hypertriglyceridemia-an-important-and-independent-risk-factor-for-acute-pancreatitis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Oana Albai, Deiana Roman, Mirela Frandes
PURPOSE: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a frequent inflammatory disease of the pancreas with multiple causes, among which high triglyceride (TG) level is the most common. The main purpose of this study has been to research the prevalence of AP in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and to underline the importance of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) as a risk factor in triggering AP. The possible link between AP and glycemic control has been studied also, alongside some cardiovascular risk factors and long-term diabetes complications...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446062/metabolite-sensing-g-protein-coupled-receptors-facilitators-of-diet-related-immune-regulation
#8
Jian K Tan, Craig McKenzie, Eliana Mariño, Laurence Macia, Charles R Mackay
Nutrition and the gut microbiome regulate many systems, including the immune, metabolic, and nervous systems. We propose that the host responds to deficiency (or sufficiency) of dietary and bacterial metabolites in a dynamic way, to optimize responses and survival. A family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) termed the metabolite-sensing GPCRs bind to various metabolites and transmit signals that are important for proper immune and metabolic functions. Members of this family include GPR43, GPR41, GPR109A, GPR120, GPR40, GPR84, GPR35, and GPR91...
April 26, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443804/25-oh-d-levels-in-relation-to-gender-overweight-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-of-northern-italian-workers-evidence-in-support-of-preventive-health-care-programs
#9
Luisella Vigna, Letizia Cassinelli, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Irene Felicetta, Filomena Napolitano, Laura Tomaino, Michela Mutti, Claudia Eleonora Barberi, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the welfare of workers and the prevention of chronic disabling diseases has become a topic of great interest. This study investigates serum levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of overweight-obese and insulin-resistant northern Italian indoor workers in apparent good health followed a nutritional education program. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study on 385 patients (females = 291, males = 94), age range 18-69 years and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2), was performed at the Department of Occupational Medicine Milan, Italy, latitude 45...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420495/fetal-programming-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Aleksandra Marciniak, Jolanta Patro-Małysza, Żaneta Kimber-Trojnar, Beata Marciniak, Jan Oleszczuk, Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak
Prenatal development is currently recognized as a critical period in the etiology of human diseases. This is particularly so when an unfavorable environment interacts with a genetic predisposition. The fetal programming concept suggests that maternal nutritional imbalance and metabolic disturbances may have a persistent and intergenerational effect on the health of offspring and on the risk of diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#11
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#12
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404576/whole-dairy-matrix-or-single-nutrients-in-assessment-of-health-effects-current-evidence-and-knowledge-gaps
#13
Tanja Kongerslev Thorning, Hanne Christine Bertram, Jean-Philippe Bonjour, Lisette de Groot, Didier Dupont, Emma Feeney, Richard Ipsen, Jean Michel Lecerf, Alan Mackie, Michelle C McKinley, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Didier Rémond, Ulf Risérus, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Tine Tholstrup, Connie Weaver, Arne Astrup, Ian Givens
Foods consist of a large number of different nutrients that are contained in a complex structure. The nature of the food structure and the nutrients therein (i.e., the food matrix) will determine the nutrient digestion and absorption, thereby altering the overall nutritional properties of the food. Thus, the food matrix may exhibit a different relation with health indicators compared to single nutrients studied in isolation. The evidence for a dairy matrix effect was presented and discussed by an expert panel at a closed workshop, and the following consensus was reached: 1) Current evidence does not support a positive association between intake of dairy products and risk of cardiovascular disease (i...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400405/nutritional-approaches-for-managing-obesity-associated-metabolic-diseases
#14
Rachel Botchlett, Shih-Lung Woo, Mengyang Liu, Ya Pei, Xin Guo, Honggui Li, Chaodong Wu
Obesity is an ongoing pandemic and serves as a causal factor of a wide spectrum of metabolic diseases including diabetes, fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. Much evidence has demonstrated that nutrient overload initiates or exacerbates inflammatory responses in tissues/organs involved in the regulation of systemic metabolic homeostasis. This obesity-associated inflammation is usually at a low-grade and viewed as metabolic inflammation. When it exists continuously, inflammation inappropriately alters metabolic pathways and impairs insulin signaling cascades in peripheral tissues/organs such as adipose tissue, the liver and skeletal muscle, resulting in local fat deposition and insulin resistance and systemic metabolic dysregulation...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396623/modified-mediterranean-diet-for-enrichment-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-potential-adjunctive-therapeutic-to-target-immune-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-schizophrenia
#15
Jamie Joseph, Colin Depp, Pei-An B Shih, Kristen S Cadenhead, Geert Schmid-Schönbein
Growing interest in gut and digestive processes and their potential link to brain and peripheral based inflammation or biobehavioral phenotypes has led to an increasing number of basic and translational scientific reports focused on the role of gut microbiota within the context of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the effect of dietary modification on specific gut metabolites, in association with immune, metabolic, and psychopathological functioning in schizophrenia spectrum disorders has not been well characterized...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381504/insulin-receptor-substrate-signaling-controls-cardiac-energy-metabolism-and-heart-failure
#16
Cathy A Guo, Shaodong Guo
The heart is an insulin-dependent and energy consuming organ in which insulin and nutritional signaling integrates to the regulation of cardiac metabolism, growth, and survival. Heart failure is highly associated with insulin resistance and heart failure patients suffer from the cardiac energy deficiency, structural and functional dysfunction. Chronic pathological conditions, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, involve various mechanisms in promoting heart failure by remodeling metabolic pathways, modulating cardiac energetics, and impairing cardiac contractility...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375181/dietary-metabolites-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
REVIEW
Sho Hasegawa, Tzu-Ming Jao, Reiko Inagi
Dietary contents and their metabolites are closely related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Advanced glycated end products (AGEs) are a type of uremic toxin produced by glycation. AGE accumulation is not only the result of elevated glucose levels or reduced renal clearance capacity, but it also promotes CKD progression. Indoxyl sulfate, another uremic toxin derived from amino acid metabolism, accumulates as CKD progresses and induces tubulointerstitial fibrosis and glomerular sclerosis. Specific types of amino acids (d-serine) or fatty acids (palmitate) are reported to be closely associated with CKD progression...
April 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374726/-the-association-between-physical-inactivity-and-other-behavioural-risk-factors-of-the-development-of-chronic-non-communicative-diseases-among-the-students
#18
A P Anishchenko, A N Arkhangel'skaya, D A Pustovalov, E V Rogoznaya, A L Urakov, K G Gurevich
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possible association between the physical inactivity and other behavioural risk factors of the development of chronic non- communicable diseases among the young persons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 216 1-2 grade students at the mean age of 18.8±1.3 years including 136 women and 80 men educated at A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State Medical Stomatological University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, were recruited for the examination...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367435/effect-of-underlying-renal-disease-on-nutritional-and-metabolic-profile-of-older-adults-with-reduced-renal-function
#19
Silvia Lai, Maria Ida Amabile, Silvia Altieri, Daniela Mastroluca, Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Crudo, Anna Rita D'Angelo, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Alessio Molfino
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in the general population, particularly among older adults. Renal impairment is in turn associated with metabolic and nutritional derangements and with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: To compare the metabolic, nutritional, and cardiovascular impact of reduced kidney function between patients with and without known renal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled consecutive outpatients (age ≥65 years) with reduced renal function who were divided into two groups: Group A with history of renal disease and Group B with unknown renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367086/characterization-of-the-serum-and-liver-proteomes-in-gut-microbiota-lacking-mice
#20
Yu-Tang Tung, Ying-Ju Chen, Hsiao-Li Chuang, Wen-Ching Huang, Chun-Tsung Lo, Chen-Chung Liao, Chi-Chang Huang
Current nutrition research is focusing on health promotion, disease prevention, and performance improvement for individuals and communities around the world. The humans with required nutritional ingredients depend on both how well the individual is provided with balanced foods and what state of gut microbiota the host has. Studying the mutually beneficial relationships between gut microbiome and host is an increasing attention in biomedical science. The purpose of this study is to understand the role of gut microbiota and to study interactions between gut microbiota and host...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
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