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hypertension in female

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343220/hemorrhagic-transformations-after-thrombectomy-risk-factors-and-clinical-relevance
#1
Johannes Kaesmacher, Mirjam Kaesmacher, Christian Maegerlein, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S Gersing, Silke Wunderlich, Benjamin Friedrich, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Justus F Kleine
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a major complication of acute ischemic stroke, potentially associated with clinical deterioration. We attempted to identify risk factors and evaluated clinical relevance of minor and major HTs following endovascular thrombectomy (ET) in isolated middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-center analysis of 409 patients with isolated MCA occlusion treated with ET. Patients' and procedural characteristics, severity of HT according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study criteria, and clinical outcomes were analyzed...
March 25, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340314/ocular-manifestations-in-children-with-juvenile-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Ghada Gawdat, Dina El-Fayoumi, Huda Marzouk, Yomna Farag
PURPOSE: To study the ocular manifestations of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), including the ocular side-effects of the systemic medications used. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study on 40 children diagnosed with JSLE was conducted. Ophthalmological and laboratory investigations as well as a calculation of the Systemic Lupus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) were performed. RESULTS: Forty consecutive children, 32 females and 8 males, with JSLE were examined...
March 24, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339633/osmotic-indices-and-kidney-concentrating-activity-population-based-data-on-correlates-and-prognostic-power
#3
Massimo Cirillo, Giancarlo Bilancio, Cinzia Lombardi, Pierpaolo Cavallo, Oscar Terradura Vagnarelli, Alberto Zanchetti, Martino Laurenzi
Background.: Research data are limited on indices of osmotic equilibrium and of kidney concentrating activity (KCA). This study investigated correlates and prognostic power of these indices in a sample of the general population. Methods.: Urine osmolality (U-osm), plasma osmolality (P-osm), plasma creatinine and other variables were measured by the Gubbio Study for the 1988-92 exam (baseline). Plasma creatinine and other variables were re-measured in the 2001-07 exam (follow-up)...
February 4, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339395/effect-of-ovariectomy-and-sideritis-euboea-extract-administration-on-large-artery-mechanics-morphology-and-structure-in-middle-aged-rats
#4
Dimitrios P Sokolis, Constantinos A Dimitriou, Pavlos Lelovas, Nikolaos G Kostomitsopoulos, Ismene A Dontas
BACKGROUND: Arterial function is regulated by estrogen, but no consistent pattern of arterial mechanical remodeling in response to depleted estrogen levels is available. OBJECTIVE: To examine long-term effects of ovariectomy (OVX) on the mechanical properties, morphology, and histological structure of carotid artery in middle-aged rats and a potentially protective effect of Sideritis euboea extract (SID), commonly consumed as "mountain tea". METHODS: 10-month-old female Wistar rats were allocated into control (sham-operated), OVX, OVX+SID, and OVX+MALT (maltodextrin; excipient used for dilution of SID) groups...
March 20, 2017: Biorheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338771/blood-pressure-control-during-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#5
Seulbi Lee, Hyung Jung Oh, Eun-Kyung Lee, Oesook Lee, Eunhee Ha, Seung-Jung Kim, Duk-Hee Kang, Kyu Bok Choi, Dong-Ryeol Ryu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cause of end-stage renal disease, and blood pressure (BP) control is crucial in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is generally inadequately controlled in CKD patients. We investigated the prevalence of CKD patients with inadequate BP control and its related factors, based on the CKD stage. METHODS: We analyzed the health examination sample cohort database, which consisted of the randomly selected participants among all the citizens who received the health examination provided by National Health Insurance Service of Korea in 2012 and 2013...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337892/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-a-paediatric-population-a-retrospective-observational-study-on-epidemiology-symptoms-and-treatment
#6
M Barbagallo, G Vitaliti, F Greco, P Pavone, N Matin, G Panta, R Lubrano, R Falsaperla
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of unknown origin, which is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) without underlying etiological evidence of neurological disease. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate epidemiological features, clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and treatment of sixteen children (7 males and 9 females) with IIH. Medical records of the patients were obtained from the University Paediatric Hospital of Catania, Italy. Clinical features, investigations and treatment approaches were retrieved...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337704/analysis-of-traditional-and-emerging-risk-factors-in-premenopausal-women-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-pilot-scale-study-from-north-india
#7
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Divya Kapoor, Ajay Aggarwal, Sonal Sangwan, Vanita Suri, Veena Dhawan
Premenopausal women are known to have less heart disease than their menopausal counterparts and men. However, there is a rising prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in premenopausal females, which necessitates determination of risk factors that negate the effects of hormonal protection. There are few studies describing the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors in premenopausal women with CAD. Thus, our objective was to explore the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors and features of coronary lesions in premenopausal women with CAD in an Indian population...
March 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335730/auscultatory-versus-oscillometric-blood-pressure-measurement-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-arterial-hypertension
#8
Aistėja Šelmytė-Besusparė, Jūratė Barysienė, Dovilė Petrikonytė, Audrius Aidietis, Germanas Marinskis, Aleksandras Laucevičius
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate the reliability of automated oscillometric blood pressure (BP) monitoring in the presence and absence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in hypertensive patients. METHODS: BP was measured and compared in 71 randomly selected patients with AF and arterial hypertension diagnosis, 4 times each by auscultatory and oscillometric (Microlife BP A6 PC with AF detection system) methods. RESULTS: Study included 71 patients: 36 males (mean age 67...
March 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334012/challenges-of-developing-a-cardiovascular-risk-calculator-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Cynthia S Crowson, Silvia Rollefstad, George D Kitas, Piet L C M van Riel, Sherine E Gabriel, Anne Grete Semb
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators designed for use in the general population do not accurately predict the risk of CVD among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who are at increased risk of CVD. The process of developing risk prediction models involves numerous issues. Our goal was to develop a CVD risk calculator for patients with RA. METHODS: Thirteen cohorts of patients with RA originating from 10 different countries (UK, Norway, Netherlands, USA, Sweden, Greece, South Africa, Spain, Canada and Mexico) were combined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333416/severe-transplant-associated-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-patients-with-hemoglobinopathies
#10
Ghada A Abusin, Rolla Abu-Arja, Rajinder P S Bajwa, Edwin M Horwitz, Jeffery J Auletta, Hemalatha G Rangarajan
Incidence and severity of transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) in patients with hemoglobinopathies receiving hematopoietic cell transplant is unknown. We report the outcomes for two patients with TA-TMA who received eculizumab. A 2.5-year-old male with sickle cell disease developed TA-TMA-associated pericardial tamponade, severe hypertension, and acute kidney injury 2 months after transplant. A 7-year-old female with β-thalassemia major developed TA-TMA-related acute kidney injury, severe hypertension, and seizures at 6 months after transplant...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332779/intrafamilial-phenotypic-variability-in-a-polish-family-with-sensenbrenner-syndrome-and-biallelic-wdr35-mutations
#11
Joanna Walczak-Sztulpa, Anna Wawrocka, Agata Sobierajewicz, Lukasz Kuszel, Jan Zawadzki, Ryszard Grenda, Anna Swiader-Lesniak, Beata Kocyla-Karczmarewicz, Anna Wnuk, Anna Latos-Bielenska, Krystyna H Chrzanowska
Sensenbrenner syndrome (cranioectodermal dysplasia, CED) is a very rare autosomal recessive ciliopathy. Cranioectodermal dysplasia is characterized by craniofacial, skeletal, and ectodermal abnormalities. About 50 patients have been described to date. Sensenbrenner syndrome belongs to a group of ciliary chondrodysplasias and is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. Mutations in five genes: IFT122, WDR35, IFT43, WDR19, and IFT52 have been associated with CED. All known genes encode proteins that are part of the intraflagellar transport complex, which plays an important role in the assembly and maintenance of cilia...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332295/advanced-cardiovascular-imaging-in-williams-syndrome-abnormalities-usefulness-and-strategy-for-use
#12
Jordan A Hills, Yuri A Zarate, Noelle R Danylchuk, Tiffany Lepard, Jean Chi-Jen Chen, Ronnie Thomas Collins
Extracardiac arterial stenoses are not uncommon in Williams syndrome (WS); however, data on the utility of advanced cardiovascular imaging (CVI) to assess these stenoses are lacking. We retrospectively reviewed the frequency, indication, and diagnostic outcomes of CVI modalities performed in patients with WS evaluated at a single institution between 2001 and 2014. Data were collected and analyzed from 34 patients (56% female) who underwent CVI during the study period. The median age was 10 years (range 1.8-33 years)...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331775/diagonal-earlobe-crease-as-a-significant-marker-for-coronary-artery-disease-a-case-control-study
#13
Rida Kamal, Komal Kausar, Ahmed H Qavi, Moeed H Minto, Fariha Ilyas, Salman Assad, Saeed U Shah
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between diagonal earlobe crease (DELC) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Limited data exists in South Asia and no prior studies have been performed in Pakistan to assess this relationship. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 participants from December 2015 to March 2016 at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan were enrolled. Consecutive non-probability sampling was used to recruit patients. Cases were enrolled from cardiac care unit (CCU) of the hospital with angiography-proven CAD...
February 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331450/pulmonary-thromboendarterectomy-for-pulmonary-hypertension-before-considering-transplant
#14
Hannah Kooperkamp, Inder Mehta, David Fary, Michael Bates
BACKGROUND: In cases of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), referral for possible surgical intervention is important because surgery can be curative. Surgery necessitates cardiopulmonary bypass and deep circulatory arrest with pulmonary thrombectomy and bilateral endarterectomy (PTE). If surgery fails, lung transplant is the next best surgical option. Medical treatment is also an important adjunct. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old female presented 3 months after a pulmonary embolus was found to be completely occluding her left pulmonary artery...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329937/-correlation-between-self-reported-gingival-bleeding-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-adults-in-china
#15
Q Zhang, Z X Li, Y Yang, C X Wang, L M Wang, L H Wang
Objective: To understand the correlation between self-reported gingival bleeding and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adults in China. Methods: The database of China' s 2010 Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance (CCDRFS) survey among people aged ≥18 years was used to analyze the demographic characteristics of subjects with self-reporting gingival bleeding and the prevalence of major chronic diseases among adults. Correlation and interaction analyses were conducted on the relationships between frequent gingival bleeding and T2DM, hypertension and dyslipidemia, and interaction of age and gingival bleeding, age and hypertension, age and dyslipidemia, age and gender on the prevalence of T2DM...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329893/graves-ophthalmopathy-in-a-paediatric-population
#16
Y Sadeghi, A Obéric, G Theintz, M Hamédani
Background Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder leading to hyperthyroidism. It is often associated with ophthalmic manifestations. Graves' disease is reported to be rare in the paediatric population. Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective analysis on all patients diagnosed with ophthalmopathy related to Graves' disease at a paediatric age (less than 18 years old) in our institution between 2004 and 2015. Results Eight patients were identified: 6 females and 2 males. The median age at diagnosis was 11...
March 22, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327822/impact-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-rygb-on-metabolic-syndrome-components-and-on-the-use-of-associated-drugs-in-obese-patients
#17
Vilma Maria Junges, Jarbas Marinho Cavalheiro, Eliana Franzoi Fam, Vera Elizabeth Closs, João Feliz Moraes, Maria Gabriela Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and both behavior modification and drug therapy have low adherence. Gastric bypass has shown effective results in both reducing weight and improving comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery (RYGB) on both metabolic syndrome components and the use of associated drugs in obese patients. METHODS: Historical cohort of patients subjected to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery (RYGB) between January 2007 and March 2014 in a private clinic...
March 16, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327686/thyroid-hormone-profile-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-centre-study
#18
S Singh, A Verma, G Aryal, S Thapa, S Khakurel, K Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global burden and now recognized as a major public health problem worldwide. Patients with CKD have alteration in thyroid hormone metabolism. This study aims to evaluate the status of thyroid hormone profile in different stages of CKD. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 103 CKD patients attending Nephrology and Dialysis unit of KIST Medical College Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal. Serum creatinine, free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were measured...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327059/association-between-non-infectious-uveitis-and-thyroid-dysfunction-a-case-control-study
#19
Amir Rosenblatt, Hussein Zaitoon, Zohar Habot-Wilner
BACKGROUND: Several reports suggested a relation between uveitis and thyroid disease or dysfunction. However, no study has investigated the association between uveitis and thyroid dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients with and without non-infectious uveitis. METHODS: This was a retrospective, case-control study. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-five non-infectious uveitis patients (uveitis group) and 600 controls (control group) were included in the study, of whom 492 (58...
March 22, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325541/the-relationship-between-diabetic-retinopathy-and-nephropathy-in-sudanese-adult-with-diabetes-population-based-study
#20
Mohamed H Ahmed, Einas S Elwali, Heitham Awadalla, Ahmed O Almobarak
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic nephropathy is responsible for nearly third of the world cases of end stage renal disease; it becomes a major public health problem with social and economic burden. The aim of this study is to explore if there is an association between retinopathy and nephropathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross sectional hospital based study a total of 316 individuals with diabetes were recruited from Makkah eye complex retina clinic. Demographic data, medical history and life style characteristics were taken through standard questionnaire...
March 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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