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hypertension in female

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346374/epidemiological-investigation-into-the-prevalence-of-abnormal-inter-arm-blood-pressure-differences-among-different-ethnicities-in-xinjiang-china
#1
Ling Sun, Ting Zou, Bao-Zhu Wang, Fen Liu, Qing-Hua Yuan, Yi-Tong Ma, Xiang Ma
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of and risk factors for IAD among different ethnicity groups was unknown. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for IAD among Han, Uygur and Kazakh ethnicities in Xinjiang. China. METHODS: In total, 14,618 adult participants (7,799 males and 6,819 females) were recruited from the Cardiovascular Risk Survey. A 4-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used. The participants' personal information and medical history were assessed by questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#2
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345382/overweight-and-obesity-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-sex-differences-in-1-year-outcomes-in-the-eorp-af-general-pilot-registry
#3
Giuseppe Boriani, Cécile Laroche, Igor Diemberger, Elisa Fantecchi, Joan Meeder, Malgorzata Kurpesa, Monica Mariana Baluta, Marco Proietti, Luigi Tavazzi, Aldo P Maggioni, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: The impact of overweight and obesity on outcomes in "real world" patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is not fully defined. Second, sex differences in AF outcomes may also exist. METHODS AND RESULTS: The aim was to investigate outcomes at 1-year follow-up for AF patients enrolled in the EORP-AF Registry, according to BMI (kg/m2 ), comparing patients with normal BMI (18.5 to < 25 kg/m2), overweight (25 to < 30 kg/m2 ) and obesity (≥30 kg/m2 ), in relation to sex differences...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345162/genetic-defect-of-a-combined-17-%C3%AE-hydroxylase-17-20-lyase-deficiency-patient-with-adrenal-crisis
#4
Yunqiang Zhang, Xuyin Zhang, Yiqun Wang, Keqin Hua, Jingxin Ding
Combined 17 α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency (17OHD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease that is a type of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, which results in hypertension, hypokalemia, sexual infantilism, primary amenorrhea in females (46,XX), or pseudohermaphroditism in males (46,XY). It is mainly caused by mutation in the CYP17A1 gene, which encodes a key enzyme in the steroidogenic pathway. However, these patients rarely experience adrenal crisis, due to abnormally high corticosterone levels. Here, we report a 17OHD patient who experienced clinical adrenal crisis on day 1 after gonadectomy...
January 18, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344073/bilateral-non-arteritic-anterior-ischaemic-optic-neuropathy-as-the-presentation-of-systemic-amyloidosis
#5
M Z Kanaan, A R Lorenzi, N Thampy, R Pandit, Margaret Dayan
A 75-year-old hypertensive female with stable idiopathic intermediate uveitis presented with bilateral sequential optic neuropathy with optic disc swelling. The optic neuropathy in the first affected eye (right) was thought to be due to non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Asymptomatic left optic disc swelling was found at routine review 2 months later, and a diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) was sought. Temporal artery duplex ultrasound showed the "halo sign," but a subsequent temporal artery biopsy showed light-chain (AL) amyloidosis with no signs of giant cell arteritis...
December 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343252/insights-into-the-genetics-of-blood-pressure-in-black-south-african-individuals-the-birth-to-twenty-cohort
#6
Liesl M Hendry, Venesa Sahibdeen, Ananyo Choudhury, Shane A Norris, Michèle Ramsay, Zané Lombard
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of non-communicable disease deaths globally, with hypertension being a major risk factor contributing to CVDs. Blood pressure is a heritable trait, with relatively few genetic studies having been performed in Africans. This study aimed to identify genetic variants associated with variance in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure in black South Africans. METHODS: Genotyping was performed using the Metabochip in a subset of participants (mixed sex; median age 17...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343154/dasatinib-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-rare-late-complication
#7
Uroosa Ibrahim, Amina Saqib, Vidhya Dhar, Marcel Odaimi
Dasatinib is a dual Src/Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for frontline and second line treatment of chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. Pulmonary arterial hypertension is defined by an increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure >25 mmHg at rest. Dasatinib-induced pulmonary hypertension has been reported in less than 1% of patients on chronic dasatinib treatment for chronic myelogenous leukemia. The pulmonary arterial hypertension from dasatinib may be categorized as either group 1 (drug-induced) or group 5 based on various mechanisms that may be involved including the pathogenesis of the disease process of chronic myelogenous leukemia...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343014/-correlation-between-peripheral-venous-oxygen-saturation-and-hemodynamic-parameters-in-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#8
C Hong, J Y Li, R K Chen, C L Liu, X N Wang, S M Qing, X F Su, N F Zhang
Objective: To investigate the correlation of peripheral venous oxygen saturation (SpvO(2)) with mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2)), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and cardiac index (CI) in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), in order to predict these parameters using SpvO(2) and assess the prognosis of patients. Methods: Hospitalized patients diagnosed with PH by right heart catheterization in the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases from July 2015 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340444/-mortality-due-to-hypertensive-diseases-evidence-from-the-southern-border-of-mexico-in-the-period-1998-2014
#9
José Luis Manzanares Rivera
This article analyzes patterns of mortality due to hypertensive diseases in the southern border of Mexico, as well as the evolution of such mortality in the 1998-2014 period. The emphasis is directed at the causes "Essential (primary) hypertension" (I10X) and "Hypertensive heart disease with heart failure" (I110). Using data from the mortality records of the National Health Information System, two types of analyses were carried out: cross-sectional analysis and time trends. Over the 16 years included in the study, the age-adjusted mortality rates show a clear increase...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339974/multidisciplinary-treatment-of-patients-with-diabetes-and-hypertension-experience-of-a-brazilian-center
#10
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sayuri Inuzuka, Luan Galvão, Leandra Anália Freitas Negretto, Rogério Orlow de Oliveira, Wanessa Faria Sá, Haroldo Silva de Souza, Andrea Crisitina Sousa, Patricia Silva Carneiro, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
Background: Although multidisciplinary treatment is recommended for type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension (HTN), there is a lack of scientific literature supporting the hypothesis of extending this treatment strategy to patients with both diabetes and HTN. Aiming to report results of long-term multidisciplinary treatment for these patients and identify strategies to improve their management, we conducted this study. Methods: Data of patients with diabetes and HTN with regular follow-up visits in a multidisciplinary HTN treatment center from Brazil's Midwest were retrospectively assessed...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339206/objective-sleep-measures-in-subacute-stroke-inpatients-associated-with-levels-and-improvements-in-activities-of-daily-living
#11
Ren-Jing Huang, Ching-Hsiang Lai, Shin-Da Lee, Fang-Yu Pai, Shen-Wen Chang, Ai-Hui Chung, Yi-Fang Chang, Hua Ting
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether objective polysomnographic measures of prevalent sleep problems such as sleep-disordered-breathing (SDB) and insomnia are associated with activities of daily living levels in inpatients at rehabilitation units DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study SETTING: Single rehabilitation center PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-three enrolled subacute stroke inpatients (61.6 ± 13.1 years; 23.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2; 33% female; 90.5 ± 36.7 days post-stroke) underwent a one-night polysomnography study and one-month-long inpatient rehabilitation program...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335612/wrist-circumference-is-associated-with-increased-systolic-blood-pressure-in-children-with-overweight-obesity
#12
Simona Zampetti, Giuseppe Campagna, Federica Lucantoni, Lidia Marandola, Luca D'Onofrio, Claudio Chiesa, Lucia Pacifico, Andrea Vania, Raffaella Buzzetti, Gaetano Leto
Wrist circumference is a clinical marker for insulin-resistance in overweight/obese children and adolescents. Insulin resistance is considered a major determinant of increased vascular resistance and hypertension. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between wrist circumference and systolic (S) and diastolic (D) blood pressure (BP) in a population of overweight/obese children and adolescents. A population of 1133 overweight/obese children and adolescents (n = 1133) were consecutively enrolled...
January 15, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334930/safety-and-adequacy-of-percutaneous-kidney-biopsy-performed-by-nephrology-trainees
#13
Vittoria Esposito, Giulia Mazzon, Paola Baiardi, Massimo Torreggiani, Luca Semeraro, Davide Catucci, Marco Colucci, Alice Mariotto, Fabrizio Grosjean, Giacomo Bovio, Ciro Esposito
BACKGROUND: Recently there has been a progressive loss of specialty related skills for nephrologists. Among the skills we find the kidney biopsy that has a central role in diagnosis of renal parenchymal disease. One of the causes might be the belief that the kidney biopsy should be performed only in larger Centers which can rely on the presence of a renal pathologist and on nephrologists with a large experience. This trend may increase in the short term procedural safety but may limit the chance of in training nephrologists to become confident with the technique...
January 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334883/renal-outcomes-in-patients-initiated-on-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based-antiretroviral-therapy-at-a-community-health-centre-in-malawi
#14
Bongani Chikwapulo, Bagrey Ngwira, Jean Baptiste Sagno, Rhys Evans
Tenofovir-based antiretroviral therapy (TDF ART) is the first-line regimen for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Africa. However, contemporary data on nephrotoxicity are lacking. We determined the renal outcomes of patients commenced on TDF ART in Malawi. ART-naïve patients initiated on TDF ART at a community health centre between 1 July 2013 and 31 December 2015 were included. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, Cockcroft-Gault) was recorded at the initiation of therapy and over 18 months thereafter...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#15
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332913/early-extubation-in-the-operating-room-after-congenital-open-heart-surgery
#16
Takuma Fukunishi, Norihiko Oka, Takeshi Yoshii, Kensuke Kobayashi, Nobuyuki Inoue, Tetsuya Horai, Tadashi Kitamura, Hirotsugu Okamoto, Kagami Miyaji
Early extubation in the operating room after congenital open-heart surgery is feasible, but extubation in the intensive care unit after the operation remains common practice at many institutions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the adequacy of our early-extubation strategy and exclusion criteria through analysis based on the Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery method (RACHS-1).This retrospective analysis included 359 cases requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (male, 195; female, 164; weight > 3...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332606/tricuspid-flow-and-regurgitation-in-congenital-heart-disease-and-pulmonary-hypertension-comparison-of-4d-flow-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-and-echocardiography
#17
Mieke M P Driessen, Marjolijn A Schings, Gertjan Tj Sieswerda, Pieter A Doevendans, Erik H Hulzebos, Marco C Post, Repke J Snijder, Jos J M Westenberg, Arie P J van Dijk, Folkert J Meijboom, Tim Leiner
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation (TR) is a common complication of pulmonary hypertension and right-sided congenital heart disease, associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Estimation of TR severity by echocardiography and conventional cardiovasvular magnetic resonance (CMR) is not well validated and has high variability. 4D velocity-encoded (4D-flow) CMR was used to measure tricuspid flow in patients with complex right ventricular (RV) geometry and varying degrees of TR...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332108/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-high-blood-pressure-among-obese-children-in-the-western-region-of-saudi-arabia
#18
Abdulmoein E Al-Agha, Areej O Mahjoub
To evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on high blood pressure among obese children and adolescents in western region, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 306 (female: 140, male: 166) child, between August 2016 and March 2017. A questioner was filled by health professionals at ambulatory pediatric clinic followed by waist-hip circumference, height, weight, and blood pressure measurement. Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were adjusted to gender, height, and age...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331969/temporal-trends-in-antithrombotic-treatment-of-real-world-uk-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-atrial-fibrillation-findings-from-the-garfield-af-registry
#19
Patricia N Apenteng, Haiyan Gao, Fd Richard Hobbs, David A Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To investigate evolving patterns in antithrombotic treatment in UK patients with newly diagnosed non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Prospective, multicentre, international registry. SETTING: 186 primary care practices in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 3482 participants prospectively enrolled in four sequential cohorts (cohort 2 (C2) n=830, diagnosed September 2011 to April 2013; cohort 3 (C3) n=902, diagnosed April 2013 to June 2014; cohort 4 (C4) n=850, diagnosed July 2014 to June 2015; cohort 5 (C5) n=900, diagnosed June 2015 to July 2016)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330930/gender-specific-risk-factors-for-androgenetic-alopecia-in-the-korean-general-population-associations-with-medical-comorbidities-and-general-health-behaviors
#20
Bo-Kyung Kim, Sung Jay Choe, Hee-Chul Chung, Sung-Soo Oh, Won-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: The relationships between androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and various factors related to metabolic syndrome have been demonstrated in previous studies. However, it remains unclear because of inconsistent results. We investigated the associations between AGA and various risk factors related to metabolic syndrome according to gender. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of 2028 Koreans (1050 men, 978 women). The basic and specific (BASP) classification was used for diagnosis of AGA...
February 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
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