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thyroid and hypertension

Jihyun An, Jong Woo Kim, Ju Hyun Shim, Seungbong Han, Chang Sik Yu, Jaewon Choe, Danbi Lee, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee, Dong Jin Suh, Jin Hyoung Kim, Han Chu Lee
BACKGROUND: Prior epidemiological evidences suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is linked to cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma. This prospective hospital registry-based case-control study aimed to investigate the sero-epidemiological association between chronic HBV infection and various types of cancer. METHODS: 95,034 patients with first-diagnosed non-hepatocellular malignancy in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2014; and 118,891 non-cancer individuals as controls from a health promotion center were included...
2018: PloS One
Tatjana Barišić, Vjekoslav Mandić, Anja Vasilj, Dejan Tiric
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of subclinical hypothyroidism in women with pathological pregnancies and the association between elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and pregnancy outcome. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective study investigated value of TSH and free thyroxine (FT4) in: 1. pregnant women with hypertension (HTA) (N = 62) or preeclampsia (PE) (N = 50), 2.women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (N = 92) in pregnancy and 3...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Vishnu Vardhan Garla, Sohail Abdul Salim, Licy L Yanes-Cardozo
A 27-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency room with complaints of sweating, palpitations, heat intolerance, insomnia and weight loss for the last 3 months. His medical history was significant for hypertension. On examination, he was tachycardic, hypertensive, had tremors of the upper extremities and a smooth goitre with a thyroid bruit. Laboratory assessment revealed a suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone, high free thyroxine and positive thyroid receptor antibodies. Complete blood count showed pancytopenia...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi, Asghar Ghasemi
Inorganic nitrate (NO3 ) due to its potential endogenous conversion to nitric oxide (NO), is suggested as a compensatory fuel for disrupted NO pathways in the case of pathological stats during pregnancy. Dietary NO3 -rich supplement in the NO-deficient pregnant women is now suggested as a more appealing choice with fewer off-target effects which can attenuate hypertension and preeclampsia, improve placental blood flow and subsequently enhance maternal and neonatal health. There is also an increasing public interest and common health claims regarding beneficial effects of NO3 -rich dietary supplements like beetroot byproducts in pregnant women...
January 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Mashael Alqahtani, Tina R Woods, Molly H Smith, Indraneel Bhattacharyya, Donald M Cohen, Mohammed N Islam, Sarah G Fitzpatrick
Several medications have been reported as possible etiologic factors for oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLLs). This study investigated the medication profile and medical history of patients with biopsy-proven OLP or OLLs, also classified by the clinically nonspecific term oral lichenoid mucositis (OLM), in a busy oral medicine clinic. The University of Florida College of Dentistry records from 2009 to 2014 were searched retrospectively for all patients with a biopsy-proven diagnosis of OLP, OLLs, or OLM...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Yan Han, Lei-Jing Mao, Xing Ge, Kun Huang, Shuang-Qin Yan, Ling-Ling Ren, Shu-Qing Hong, Hui Gao, Jie Sheng, Yuan-Yuan Xu, Wei-Jun Pan, Peng Zhu, Jia-Hu Hao, De-Fa Zhu, Fang-Biao Tao
OBJECTIVE: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have been associated with adverse health outcomes for both mothers and children. Previous studies examining associations of maternal thyroid autoantibodies with HDP indicate conflicting results. The objective of this study was to examine associations of maternal thyroid autoantibodies positivity in the first and the second trimesters with the risk of HDP. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: In the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study, a population-based prospective study in China, a total of 3474 pregnant women were enrolled between May 2013 and September 2014...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
M Dold, L Bartova, J Mendlewicz, D Souery, A Serretti, S Porcelli, J Zohar, S Montgomery, S Kasper
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, multinational, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes associated with augmentation/combination treatment strategies in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment features of 1410 adult MDD patients were compared between MDD patients treated with monotherapy and augmentation/combination medication using descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ancova), and Spearman's correlation analyses...
February 28, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Natalie C Edwards, Michael Munsell, Joseph Menzin, Amy L Phillips
Objective: To assess the trends in the prevalence of comorbidities in US patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and the association of demographic characteristics with the presence of comorbidities. Study design: A retrospective analysis was conducted from a sample of 5 million patients from the IMS Health Real World Data Adjudicated Claims - US database. Methods: Comorbidity in patients with MS was assessed by year (2006-2014), and logistic regression models evaluated the association of age, sex, and region with select comorbidities...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
Alexander Cohen, Jay Mandrekar, Erik K St Louis, Michael H Silber, Suresh Kotagal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess comorbidities in a community-based cohort of narcolepsy. METHODS: A 2000-2014 community-based narcolepsy cohort was identified in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Records were reviewed by a certified sleep specialist for accuracy of diagnosis, and comorbidities were extracted and analyzed. Comorbidities in narcolepsy subjects, both at diagnosis and upon follow-up, were compared with those in unaffected and age- and sex-matched cohort using conditional logistic regression...
March 2018: Sleep Medicine
Silvia Martina Ferrari, Ilaria Ruffilli, Marco Centanni, Camilla Virili, Gabriele Materazzi, Magdalini Alexopoulou, Mario Miccoli, Alessandro Antonelli, Poupak Fallahi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lenvatinib is an oral, multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR1-VEGFR3), fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR1-FGFR4), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)α, rearranged during transfection (RET), and v-kit (KIT) signaling networks implicated in tumor angiogenesis. METHOD: Here we review the scientific literature about lenvatinib in the treatment of thyroid cancer...
February 19, 2018: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
Paloma Sangro, Idoia Bilbao, Nerea Fernández-Ros, Mercedes Iñarrairaegui, Javier Zulueta, J I Bilbao, Bruno Sangro
Sorafenib is a multi-kinase inhibitor and a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor approved to treat patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma and differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Its most common side effects are asthenia/fatigue, skin toxicity, diarrhea and arterial hypertension. Reported respiratory adverse reactions include dyspnea, cough, pleural effusion and hoarseness. The aim of this report is to describe for the first time the occurrence of pneumatocele in two patients treated with Sorafenib...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Toshie Iijima, Takafumi Niitani, Seiichi Tanaka, Kazunori Yanagi, Teruo Jojima, Kunihiro Suzuki, Isao Usui, Yoshimasa Aso
We describe a very rare case of concurrent variant type 3 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A previously healthy 65-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our university hospital with a 2-month history of general fatigue and hyperglycemia. Laboratory tests revealed severe hyperglycemia (plasma glucose 543 mg/dL and HbA1c 10.7%) with ketonuria (3+). Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and IA-2 antibodies were positive, and the serum C peptide level was markedly decreased to 0...
February 16, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Zohreh Kheradpisheh, Masoud Mirzaei, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Mehdi Mokhtari, Reyhane Azizi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush
The elevated fluoride from drinking water impacts on T3, T4 and TSH hormones. The aim was study impacts of drinking water fluoride on T3, T4 and TSH hormones inYGA (Yazd Greater Area). In this case- control study 198 cases and 213 controls were selected. Fluoride was determined by the SPADNS Colorimetric Method. T3, T4 and TSH hormones tested in the Yazd central laboratory by RIA (Radio Immuno Assay) method. The average amount of TSH and T3 hormones based on the levels of fluoride in two concentration levels 0-0...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sara Holton, Aberaami Thananjeyan, Heather Rowe, Maggie Kirkman, Lynne Jordan, Kathleen McNamee, Christine Bayly, John McBain, Vikki Sinnott, Jane Fisher
Introduction Despite the considerable and increasing proportion of women of reproductive age with a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) and the potential adverse implications of many NCDs for childbearing, little is known about the fertility management experiences of women with an NCD, including their contraceptive use, pregnancy experiences and outcomes, and reproductive health care utilisation. The aim of this study was to investigate the fertility management experiences of women with an NCD and draw comparisons with women without an NCD...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Yi-Cheng Chang, Chia Hsuin Chang, Yi-Chun Yeh, Lee-Ming Chuang, Yu-Kang Tu
Subclinical hypothyroidism has been associated with dyslipidemia, hypertension, and increased risk of coronary artery disease. However, limited is known for its effect on renal function. Here we aimed to investigate whether subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria in the general population. A cross-sectional cohort of 74,356 adults aged ≥20 year participating in voluntary health examinations without previous thyroid diseases were recruited in Taiwan...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Koichi Suyama, Mai Tomiguchi, Takashi Takeshita, Aiko Sueta, Mutsuko Yamamoto-Ibusuki, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Yutaka Yamamoto, Hirotaka Iwase
Lenvatinib, a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been proven to be an effective treatment option for patients with iodine-131-refractory thyroid cancer. Many adverse effects of lenvatinib have been reported; thus, dose reduction is common. However, a few studies have analyzed the causes of lenvatinib dose reduction in daily clinical practice. Here, we investigate the factors involved in early lenvatinib dose reduction to analyze lenvatinib dose modification. We analyzed 20 thyroid cancer patients who began receiving lenvatinib at the Kumamoto University Hospital Cancer Center from July 2015 to November 2016...
January 31, 2018: Medical Oncology
Kathleen C Gallagher, Ariana B Geromes, John Stokes, India A Reddy, James S Lewis, Naira Baregamian
Primary amyloidosis (PA) is a protein deposition disorder that presents with localized or multisystemic disease. The incidence is low in the general public, ranging from three to eight cases per million, and with nonspecific presenting symptoms typically occurring later in life. Due to late presentation, substantial and irreversible damage has usually already occurred by the time of the diagnosis. However, if inadvertent diagnosis occurs before irreversible damage has taken place, as it did in the following case, some patients may benefit from the disease-arresting treatment...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Endocrine Society
M Sánchez-Borges, A Capriles-Hulett, F Caballero-Fonseca, L González-Aveledo
Background. Currently there are no biomarkers useful to predict the future evolution and the therapeutic response in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Objective. To review the available information on biomarkers that might be applied for the follow up of the response to guideline recommended therapies for CSU. Methods. A review of the medical literature on CSU potential clinical and laboratory biomarkers in PubMed and MEDLINE including the terms urticaria, chronic urticaria, chronic idiopathic urticaria, chronic spontaneous urticaria, antihistamines (AHs), omalizumab (OMA), cyclosporine (CyA), and treatment...
January 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
John W Blackett, Meghana Shamsunder, Norelle R Reilly, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
OBJECTIVES: Despite the increasing popularity of gluten-free diet (GFD), the demographic characteristics and medical features of patients without celiac disease on this diet have not been extensively investigated.We aimed to characterize the medical conditions and demographic backgrounds of hospitalized patients without celiac disease who adhere to a GFD, to further understand their reasons for gluten avoidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study on all inpatients at Columbia University Medical Center on a GFD in 2011-2016, excluding those with celiac disease, compared with age-matched and sex-matched inpatients on a regular diet...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Yonggu Lee, Young-Hyo Lim, Jeong-Hun Shin, Jinkyu Park, Jinho Shin
BACKGROUND: Similar to overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has been reported to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the influence of SCH on clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study. SCH was defined as a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level ≥4.5mIU/l and a normal level of free thyroxine (FT4). A composite event was defined as the combination of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and repeat revascularization...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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