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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899350/epidemiological-profile-and-obstetric-outcomes-of-patients-with-peripartum-congestive-heart-failure-in-taiwan-a-retrospective-nationwide-study
#1
Ying-Jen Chang, Chung-Han Ho, Jen-Yin Chen, Ming-Ping Wu, Chia-Hung Yu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chia-Ming Chen, Chin-Chen Chu
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the hyperdynamic physiology of circulation can exacerbate many cardiovascular disorders. Congestive heart failure (CHF) usually occurs during late pregnancy, which is significantly associated with a high level of maternal and neonatal morbidities and mortalities. The profile of women who develop peripartum CHF (PCHF) is unknown. We investigated the epidemiological profiles of PCHF. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, PCHF patients were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
September 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892990/prevalence-of-acanthosis-nigricans-and-related-factors-in-iranian-obese-children
#2
Fatemeh Sayarifard, Azadeh Sayarifard, Bahar Allahverdi, Sara Ipakchi, Mastaneh Moghtaderi, Bahareh Yaghmaei
INTRODUCTION: Recognition of Acanthosis nigricans (AN) provides important opportunities for screening of obesity syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension and insulin resistance with diabetes mellitus 2. Considering the high prevalence of obesity among Iranian children, we designed this study to estimate the prevalence of AN and related laboratory factors in Iranian obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-one obese children were enrolled in this study. Diagnosis of AN was done by clinical examination...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890480/effect-of-treatment-with-epoprostenol-and-endothelin-receptor-antagonists-on-the-development-of-thyrotoxicosis-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#3
Mari Satoh, Keiko Aso, Tomotaka Nakayama, Tsutomu Saji
Thyroid disease is known to be associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We investigated the prevalence of thyroid disease in patients with idiopathic PAH (IPAH) or heritable PAH (HPAH), and the factors affecting the pathogenesis of thyroid disease. We retrospectively evaluated 59 patients with IPAH or HPAH who had been diagnosed with PAH before the age of 20 years. Thyrotoxicosis was detected in 12 of the 59 patients (6 patients with Graves' disease, 3 with hashitoxicosis, and 3 with silent thyroiditis) after the start of PAH treatment...
September 9, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883719/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-asian-copd-patients
#4
Kuang-Ming Liao, Chung-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of atrial fibrillation (AF) in Asian chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected a study population older than 40 years with a COPD diagnosis and who had used at least one inhaled bronchodilator medication between 1998 and 2012. The date of the index COPD diagnosis was defined as the index date. We excluded patients with a history of AF, significant mitral valve disease, disorders of the thyroid gland, or ischemic heart disease before the index date...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872163/italian-survey-on-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#5
A Messina, A P Casani, M Manfrin, G Guidetti
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common type of peripheral vertigo. BPPV often relapses after the first episode, with a recurrence rate between 15% and 50%. To date both the aetiopathogenetic processes that lead to otoconia detachment and the factors that make BPPV a relapsing disease are still unclear, but recent epidemiological studies have shown a possible association with cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the present study (Sesto Senso Survey) was to evaluate in the Italian population through an observational survey, the main demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with BPPV (first episode or recurrent) with particular focus on the potential cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843650/relationship-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-with-thyroid-dysfunction-in-algerian-patients
#6
Mohamed Larbi Hamlaoui, Ammar Ayachi, Aoulia Dekaken, Adel Gouri
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its compounds in subjects with different thyroid status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the internal medicine department at El Okbi Hospital of Guelma (East of Algeria) from January 2014 to September 2015. Eighty six patients attending the specialist consultation for suspected thyroid disorders were included in the study. Gender; blood pressure; body mass index; and serum levels of fasting glucose, total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride were compared between subjects with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and euthyroidism...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839322/breast-cancer-in-a-patient-with-kindlers-syndrome
#7
Itrat Mehdi, Bassim Jaffar Al Bahrani, Taha Mohsin Al Lawati, Zahid Al Mandhari, Fatima Ramadhan Al Lawati
Breast Cancer (BC) has associated risk factors and genetic factors like BRCA1, and BRCA2. Many benign and malignant disease processes are found concurrently with BC and believed to be additional risk factors like gall bladder stones (cholelithiasis), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular lesions, arthritis, spine and spinal cord degenerative lesions, infertility, depression, sleep disturbances, obesity, autoimmune diseases (SLE), and thyroid diseases. There are some malignant disease associations like synchronous or metachronous ovarian, colonic and endometrial tumours with Breast cancer...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827517/rhabdomyolysis-in-a-patient-with-severe-hypothyroidism
#8
Nooshin Salehi, Endre Agoston, Iqbal Munir, Gary J Thompson
BACKGROUND Muscular symptoms, including stiffness, myalgia, cramps, and fatigue, are present in the majority of the patients with symptomatic hypothyroidism, but rhabdomyolysis, the rapid breakdown of skeletal muscle, is a rare manifestation. In most patients with hypothyroidism who develop rhabdomyolysis, precipitating factors, such as strenuous exercise or use of lipid-lowering drugs, can be identified. CASE REPORT We report a case of a 52-year-old Hispanic woman with a history of hypothyroidism, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented with fatigue, severe generalized weakness, bilateral leg pain, and recurrent falls...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817373/cabozantinib-as-salvage-therapy-for-patients-with-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-refractory-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-results-of-a-multicenter-phase-ii-international-thyroid-oncology-group-trial
#9
Maria E Cabanillas, Jonas A de Souza, Susan Geyer, Lori J Wirth, Michael E Menefee, Stephen V Liu, Komal Shah, John Wright, Manisha H Shah
Purpose Sorafenib and lenvatinib are oral multikinase inhibitors targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and approved for radioiodine (RAI)-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). However, there are no approved second- or third-line therapies. MET is implicated in resistance to VEGFR inhibitors. Cabozantinib is an oral multikinase inhibitor targeting MET in addition to VEGFR and is approved for medullary thyroid cancer. In a phase I study of cabozantinib, five of eight patients with DTC previously treated with a VEGFR-targeted therapy had an objective response to cabozantinib...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816536/optimizing-lenvatinib-therapy-in-patients-with-metastatic-radioactive-iodine-resistant-differentiated-thyroid-cancers
#10
Sina Jasim, Nicole M Iniguez-Ariza, Crystal R Hilger, Ashish V Chintakuntlawar, Mabel M Ryder, John C Morris, Keith C Bible
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lenvatinib is approved for use in advanced radioactive iodine resistant differentiated thyroid cancers (RAIR-DTCs); its efficacy is indisputable, but toxicities are great, creating daunting challenges for patients and providers. Few data regarding early adverse events and impact on quality of life (QOL) exist; we sought to add clarity to these issues by analyzing our initial post-approval lenvatinib experience. METHODS: Standardized patient education was implemented, providing detailed instructions and expert provider contacts to facilitate timely reporting of toxicities and guide responsive actions...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#11
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776358/comorbidities-and-related-factors-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-of-south-india-karnataka-rheumatoid-arthritis-comorbidity-krac-study
#12
S Chandrashekara, V Shobha, B G Dharmanand, R Jois, S Kumar, K M Mahendranath, V Haridas, S Prasad, Y Singh, M A Daware, A Swamy, R Subramanian, S A Somashekar, A M Shanthappa, K R Anupama
The aim was to study the prevalence of comorbidities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in everyday clinical practice and their association with disease-specific and demographic factors. The multi-center study recruited 3,247 (at 14 centers, and 265) were excluded due to incomplete data. The number of subjects considered for the analysis was 2982. The mean (±standard deviation) age was 48.98±12.64 years and the male-to-female ratio was 1:5. The data was collected based on a pre-structured pro forma by trained clinical research associates through interview and verification of charts and reports available in the patient records...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772209/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-raas-the-ubiquitous-system-for-homeostasis-and-pathologies
#13
Seema Patel, Abdur Rauf, Haroon Khan, Tareq Abu-Izneid
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a vital system of human body, as it maintains plasma sodium concentration, arterial blood pressure and extracellular volume. Kidney-secreted renin enzyme acts on its substrate to form angiotensin II, a versatile effector peptide hormone. Every organ is affected by RAAS activation and the resultant hypertension, cell proliferation, inflammation, and fibrosis. The imbalance of renin and angiotensin II can result in an overwhelming number of chronic and acute diseases...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770411/effect-of-iodine-nutrition-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-an-iodine-sufficient-area-in-china
#14
Yue Xiao, Huakun Sun, Chenyan Li, Yongze Li, Shiqiao Peng, Chenling Fan, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan
Many studies focused on the association between thyroid disease and pregnancy outcomes. The present study explored the effect of iodine nutrition during the first trimester on pregnancy outcomes. One thousand five hundred sixty-nine pregnant, euthyroid women at ≤12 weeks of gestation in an iodine-sufficient area in China were recruited. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for iodine nutrition during pregnancy, participants were divided into four groups: adequate iodine (median urinary iodine concentration (UIC), 150-249 μg/L), mild deficiency (UIC, 100-150 μg/L), moderate and severe deficiency (UIC, <100 μg/L), and more than adequate and excessive (UIC, ≥250 μg/L) groups...
August 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760150/bilateral-pheochromocytoma-with-ganglioneuroma-component-associated-with-multiple-neuroendocrine-neoplasia-type-2a-a-case-report
#15
Boubacar Efared, Gabrielle Atsame-Ebang, Soufiane Tahirou, Khalid Mazaz, Nawal Hammas, Hinde El Fatemi, Laila Chbani
BACKGROUND: Composite pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas are very rare tumors composed of ordinary pheochromocytoma paragangliomas associated with neurogenic tumors. Several hereditary susceptibility disorders are known to be associated with pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (2A or B). To the best of our knowledge, only four cases of composite pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old Arabic woman presented with headache, palpitations, paroxysmal hypertension, and weight loss, which she had had for the last 3 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756521/increased-risk-for-hypothyroidism-after-anticholinesterase-pesticide-poisoning-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Hung-Sheng Huang, Keng-Wei Lee, Chung-Han Ho, Chien-Chin Hsu, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, Hung-Jung Lin, Chien-Cheng Huang
PURPOSE: Previous animal studies have reported that acute anticholinesterase pesticide (organophosphate and carbamate) poisoning may affect thyroid hormones. However, there is no human study investigating the association between hypothyroidism and anticholinesterase pesticide poisoning, and therefore, we conducted a retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study to delineate this issue. METHODS: We identified 10,372 anticholinesterase pesticide poisoning subjects and matched 31,116 non-anticholinesterase pesticide poisoning subjects between 2003 and 2012 from the Nationwide Poisoning Database and the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, respectively, in a 1:3 ratio by index date, age, and sex for this study...
July 29, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733467/acromegaly-at-diagnosis-in-3173-patients-from-the-li%C3%A3-ge-acromegaly-survey-las-database
#17
Patrick Petrossians, Adrian F Daly, Emil Natchev, Luigi Maione, Karin Blijdorp, Mona Sahnoun-Fathallah, Renata Auriemma, Alpha M Diallo, Anna-Lena Hulting, Diego Ferone, Vaclav Hana, Silvia Filipponi, Caroline Sievers, Claudia Nogueira, Carmen Fajardo-Montañana, Davide Carvalho, Vaclav Hana, Günter K Stalla, Marie-Lise Jaffrain-Réa, Brigitte Delemer, Annamaria Colao, Thierry Brue, Sebastian J C M M Neggers, Sabina Zacharieva, Philippe Chanson, Albert Beckers
Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) Database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The following results were obtained at diagnosis. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54...
October 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725332/thyrotoxic-valvulopathy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Keniel Pierre, Sushee Gadde, Bassam Omar, G Mustafa Awan, Christopher Malozzi
We report a 42-year-old female who was admitted for abdominal pain, and also endorsed dyspnea, fatigue and chronic palpitations. Past medical history included asthma, patent ductus arteriosus repaired in childhood and ill-defined thyroid disease. Physical examination revealed blood pressure of 136/88 mm Hg and heart rate of 149 beats per minute. Cardiovascular exam revealed an irregularly irregular rhythm, and pulmonary exam revealed mild expiratory wheezing. Abdomen was tender. Electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response which responded to intravenous diltiazem...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717364/serum-free-thyroxine-levels-were-associated-with-pulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-artery-systolic-pressure-in-euthyroid-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Bingjie Wu, Jingjing Jiang, Minghui Gui, Lin Liu, Qiqige Aleteng, Shanshan Wang, Xiaojing Liu, Yan Ling, Xin Gao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between thyroid hormone levels, pulmonary hypertension (PH), and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) in euthyroid patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A cross-sectional study was conducted in individuals who underwent coronary angiography and were diagnosed as CAD from March 2013 to November 2013. 811 subjects (185 women and 626 men) were included in this study. PASP was measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. 86 patients were diagnosed as PH and had significantly higher free thyroxine (FT4) levels than those without PH...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701428/a-mercury-toxicity-case-complicated-by-hyponatremia-and-abnormal-endocrinological-test-results
#20
Matthew Carter, Abdul Abdi, Fareeha Naz, Farouq Thabet, Arpita Vyas
Mercury (Hg) poisoning is considered a rare disease by the National Institutes of Health and the diagnosis can present great challenges to clinicians. Children who are exposed to Hg can present with a wide variety of symptoms, including acrodynia, tremor, excessive salivation, and psychiatric symptoms, including insomnia. However, endocrinologic manifestations from Hg exposure are less well known. This is a case report of a 12-year-old boy who presented with body rash, irritability, insomnia, and profuse sweating after returning from a summer camp...
August 2017: Pediatrics
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