keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Review CT brain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915393/role-of-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-pcc-in-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage-with-positive-cta-spot-sign-an-institutional-experience-at-a-regional-and-state-designated-stroke-center
#1
Razia Rehmani, Angela Han, Jawaad Hassan, Jeffrey Farkas
PURPOSE: Our objective is to identify the effect of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) in acute intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) by evaluating intraparenchymal hematoma expansion between initial and follow-up head CT at 5-24 h, in those with positive CTA spot sign (CTASS). CTASS is an independent predictor of hematoma growth (1). Acute ICH, regardless of etiology, can present with quick mental status decline often resulting in irreversible brain damage. Hematoma expansion appears to be a modifiable predictor of clinical outcome and an appropriate target for medical therapy...
December 3, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911066/-conservative-management-of-liver-trauma-and-its-complications-current-gold-standard
#2
R Gander, J A Molino, S Santiago, A Laín, G Guillén, C Giné, G Royo, S López, M Pérez, I Díez, S Cañadas, J Lloret, J Bueno
INTRODUCTION: The liver is the second most frequently involved organ in abdominal trauma in children. The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of liver traumas (LT) in children, its treatment and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with LT treated between 2010-2014. We analyzed data regarding diagnosis, conservative management (CM), complications and treatment. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients of LT with a mean age of 9...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896904/contrast-induced-encephalopathy-following-cardiac-catheterization
#3
Roberto Spina, Neil Simon, Romesh Markus, David Wm Muller, Krishna Kathir
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) following cardiac catheterization. BACKGROUND: CIE is an acute, reversible neurological disturbance directly attributable to the intra-arterial administration of iodinated contrast medium. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched and all cases in the literature were retrieved and reviewed. RESULTS: 52 reports of CIE following cardiac catheterization were found...
November 29, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890762/the-clinical-value-of-intraoperative-mobile-computed-tomography-in-managing-high-risk-surgical-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-single-tertiary-trauma-center-experience
#4
Ko-Ting Chen, Shih-Tseng Lee, Chieh-Tsai Wu
OBJECTS: A subset of surgically-treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients cannot be stabilized by initial surgery. Mobile computed tomography (mCT) provides real-time information for diagnosis in these TBI-surgically high risk (TBI-SHR) patients. The objective of this study was to analyze a 5-year series of TBI-SHR patients to evaluate the impact of intraoperative mCT (imCT) on prognosis. METHODS: Out of 1017 surgically-treated TBI patients retrospectively reviewed over a 5-year period (2009-2013), fifty-nine patients required second operations within 72 hours of their initial surgery due to progressive or delayed hematomas (TBI-SHR group)...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885947/quickbrain-mri-for-the-detection-of-acute-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
David C Sheridan, Craig D Newgard, Nathan R Selden, Mubeen A Jafri, Matthew L Hansen
OBJECTIVE The current gold-standard imaging modality for pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is CT, but it confers risks associated with ionizing radiation. QuickBrain MRI (qbMRI) is a rapid brain MRI protocol that has been studied in the setting of hydrocephalus, but its ability to detect traumatic injuries is unknown. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients with TBI who were undergoing evaluation at a single Level I trauma center between February 2010 and December 2013...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870565/concurrent-chemotherapy-and-radiation-therapy-for-inoperable-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Kenneth E Rosenzweig, Jorge E Gomez
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857981/lipomatous-meningioma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Walid Radwan, Brandon Lucke-Wold, Cletus Cheyuo, Janice Ahn, Kymberly Gyure, Sanjay Bhatia
Lipomatous meningiomas are a very rare form of brain meningiomas consisting of fat accumulation within the tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomographic (CT) imaging can be utilized to visualize the fat accumulations, but histopathologic staining is necessary in order to make a definitive diagnosis. The key histopathologic feature is the identification of adipocyte-like cells within the tumor, but other markers have also been identified. In this case report and review of the literature, we discuss how to recognize the symptoms associated with lipomatous meningiomas and the definitive treatment approach for these rare tumors...
November 2016: Case Studies in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857919/multiple-intracranial-high-density-foci-after-brain-parenchymal-catheterization
#8
Tae-Min Choi, Kyu Yong Cho, Byung Chan Lim, Jun Seob Lim, Rae-Seop Lee
OBJECTIVE: To report an observational investigation of small high attenuated foci in computed tomography (CT) scan followed by brain parenchymal catheterization. METHODS: From January 2011 to March 2015, we retrospectively reviewed the 381 patients who had undergone brain catheterization in our clinic and enrolled the patients who had newly developed high attenuation foci in the postoperative CT scans. The brain CT scans were reviewed about the lesion location, Hounsfield Unit (HU) and the time of appearance...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847571/sclerosing-meningioma-radiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-21-cases
#9
Ho Kang, Jin Wook Kim, Young-Bem Se, Yun-Sik Dho, Seung Hong Choi, Sung-Hye Park
OBJECTIVE: A rare subtype of meningioma, sclerosing meningioma is not included in the current World Health Organization classification of meningiomas and is classified into the category of other morphological variation subtypes. Sclerosing meningioma is often misdiagnosed to other non-benign meningioma or malignant neoplasm, so it is important to diagnose sclerosing type correctly. We analyzed the radiological and clinical characteristics of a series of sclerosing meningiomas. METHODS: Twenty-one patients who underwent surgery in one institute with a histopathologically proven sclerosing meningioma were included from 2006 to 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846819/clinical-features-treatment-and-outcome-in-neurosarcoidosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Daan Fritz, Diederik van de Beek, Matthijs C Brouwer
BACKGROUND: Neurosarcoidosis is a rare variant of sarcoidosis and is only described in small cohort studies. We define clinical features, treatment and outcome of patients with neurosarcoidosis over the last 35 years. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on neurosarcoidosis published between 1980 and 2016. Studies were included if they reported at least 5 cases. Studies describing one specific neurological presentation were excluded...
November 15, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845941/magnetic-resonance-elastography-mre-of-the-human-brain-technique-findings-and-clinical-applications
#11
Lucy V Hiscox, Curtis L Johnson, Eric Barnhill, Matt D J McGarry, John Huston, Edwin J R van Beek, John M Starr, Neil Roberts
Neurological disorders are one of the most important public health concerns in developed countries. Established brain imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and x-ray computerised tomography (CT) have been essential in the identification and diagnosis of a wide range of disorders, although usually are insufficient in sensitivity for detecting subtle pathological alterations to the brain prior to the onset of clinical symptoms-at a time when prognosis for treatment is more favourable. The mechanical properties of biological tissue provide information related to the strength and integrity of the cellular microstructure...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837185/quantitative-estimation-of-a-ratio-of-intracranial-cerebrospinal-fluid-volume-to-brain-volume-based-on-segmentation-of-ct-images-in-patients-with-extra-axial-hematoma
#12
Ha Son Nguyen, Mohit Patel, Luyuan Li, Shekar Kurpad, Wade Mueller
BACKGROUND: Diminishing volume of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with space-occupying masses have been attributed to unfavorable outcome associated with reduction of cerebral perfusion pressure and subsequent brain ischemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to employ a ratio of CSF volume to brain volume for longitudinal assessment of space-volume relationships in patients with extra-axial hematoma and to determine variability of the ratio among patients with different types and stages of hematoma...
November 11, 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833541/cognitive-training-for-post-acute-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Harry Hallock, Daniel Collins, Amit Lampit, Kiran Deol, Jennifer Fleming, Michael Valenzuela
Objective: To quantitatively aggregate effects of cognitive training (CT) on cognitive and functional outcome measures in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) more than 12-months post-injury. Design: We systematically searched six databases for non-randomized and randomized controlled trials of CT in TBI patients at least 12-months post-injury reporting cognitive and/or functional outcomes. Main Measures: Efficacy was measured as standardized mean difference (Hedges' g) of post-training change. We investigated heterogeneity across studies using subgroup analyses and meta-regressions...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814824/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-stage-i-breast-carcinoma
#14
Phan Tuong Huynh, Sergy V Lemeshko, Mary C Mahoney, Mary S Newell, Lisa Bailey, Lora D Barke, Carl D'Orsi, Jennifer A Harvey, Mary K Hayes, Peter M Jokich, Su-Ju Lee, Constance D Lehman, Martha B Mainiero, David A Mankoff, Samir B Patel, Handel E Reynolds, M Linda Sutherland, Bruce G Haffty
Stage I breast carcinoma is classified when an invasive breast carcinoma is ≤2 cm in diameter (T1), with no regional (axillary) lymph node metastases (N0) and no distant metastases (M0). The most common sites for metastases from breast cancer are the skeleton, lung, liver, and brain. In general, women and health care professionals prefer intensive screening and surveillance after a diagnosis of breast cancer. Screening protocols include conventional imaging such as chest radiography, bone scan, ultrasound of the liver, and MRI of brain...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813458/a-systematic-review-of-overall-survival-in-pediatric-primary-glioblastoma-multiforme-of-the-spinal-cord
#15
Subhas K Konar, Shyamal C Bir, Tanmoy K Maiti, Anil Nanda
OBJECTIVE The incidence of primary spinal cord glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in the pediatric age group is very rare. Only a few case series and case reports have been published in the literature; therefore, overall survival (OS) outcome and the as-yet poorly defined management options are not discussed in detail. The authors performed a cumulative survival analysis of all reported cases of pediatric spinal cord GBM to identify the predictive factors related to final survival outcome. METHODS A comprehensive search for relevant articles was performed on PubMed's electronic database MEDLINE for the period from 1950 to 2015 using the search words "malignant spinal cord tumor" and "spinal glioblastoma multiforme...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807197/venous-imaging-based-biomarkers-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#16
REVIEW
Josep Munuera, Gerard Blasco, María Hernández-Pérez, Pepus Daunis-I-Estadella, Antoni Dávalos, David S Liebeskind, Max Wintermark, Andrew Demchuk, Bijoy K Menon, Götz Thomalla, Kambiz Nael, Salvador Pedraza, Josep Puig
Vascular neuroimaging plays a decisive role in selecting the best therapy in patients with acute ischaemic stroke. However, compared with the arterial system, the role of veins has not been thoroughly studied. In this review, we present the major venous imaging-based biomarkers in ischaemic stroke. First, the presence of hypodense veins in the monophasic CT angiography ipsilateral to the arterial occlusion. Second, the asymmetry of venous drainage in the pathological cerebral hemisphere on CT and MRI dynamic angiography...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796652/prognostic-value-of-corpus-callosum-injuries-in-severe-head-trauma
#17
Marta Cicuendez, Ana Castaño-León, Ana Ramos, Amaya Hilario, Pedro A Gómez, Alfonso Lagares
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to investigate the relationship between corpus callosum (CC) injury and prognosis in traumatic axonal injury (TAI). METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed 264 patients with severe head trauma who underwent a conventional MR imaging in the first 60 days after injury. They were selected from a prospectively collected database of 1048 patients with severe head trauma admitted in our hospital. TAI lesions were defined as areas of increased signal intensity on T2 and FLAIR or areas of decreased signal on gradient-echo T2...
October 31, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779969/admission-variables-associated-with-a-favorable-outcome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Alexander C Schwed, Monica M Boggs, Drew Watanabe, David S Plurad, Brant A Putnam, Dennis Y Kim
Consensus is lacking for ideal management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Patients are often monitored in the intensive care unit (ICU) without additional interventions. We sought to identify admission variables associated with a favorable outcome (ICU admission for 24 hours, no neurosurgical interventions, no complications or mortality) to divert these patients to a non-ICU setting in the future. We reviewed all patients with mTBI [Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) = 13-15] and concomitant ICH between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763536/fluid-biomarkers-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-intended-context-of-use
#19
Tanya Bogoslovsky, Jessica Gill, Andreas Jeromin, Cora Davis, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability around the world. The lack of validated biomarkers for TBI is a major impediment to developing effective therapies and improving clinical practice, as well as stimulating much work in this area. In this review, we focus on different settings of TBI management where blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers could be utilized for predicting clinically-relevant consequences and guiding management decisions. Requirements that the biomarker must fulfill differ based on the intended context of use (CoU)...
October 18, 2016: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757491/-tumors-of-the-posterior-cranial-fossa
#20
P Papanagiotou, M Politi
Various types of brain tumor can occur in the region of the posterior fossa. Brain metastases in adults are the most common malignancies at this localization. Ependymomas, medulloblastomas and pilocytic astrocytomas occur mostly in children and only rarely in adults. Other tumors that occur in the posterior fossa are meningiomas, schwannomas, hemangioblastomas, brain stem gliomas and epidermoid tumors. Due to the fact that the various tumors of the posterior fossa have different treatment approaches and prognoses, an accurate and specific diagnosis is mandatory...
October 18, 2016: Der Radiologe
keyword
keyword
110794
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"