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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637778/breastfeeding-and-the-risk-of-maternal-cardiovascular-disease-a-prospective-study-of-300%C3%A2-000-chinese-women
#1
Sanne A E Peters, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Yiping Chen, Zheng Bian, Jianwei Du, Jie Yang, Shanpeng Li, Liming Li, Mark Woodward, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding confers substantial benefits to child health and has also been associated with lower risk of maternal cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in later life. However, the evidence on the effects of CVD is still inconsistent, especially in East Asians, in whom the frequency and duration of breastfeeding significantly differ from those in the West. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2004-2008, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank recruited 0.5 million individuals aged 30 to 79 years from 10 diverse regions across China...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619649/the-school-inner-city-asthma-intervention-study-design-rationale-methods-and-lessons-learned
#2
Wanda Phipatanakul, Petros Koutrakis, Brent A Coull, Choong-Min Kang, Jack M Wolfson, Stephen T Ferguson, Carter R Petty, Mihail Samnaliev, Amparito Cunningham, William J Sheehan, Jonathan M Gaffin, Sachin N Baxi, Peggy S Lai, Perdita Permaul, Liming Liang, Peter S Thorne, Gary Adamkiewicz, Kasey J Brennan, Andrea A Baccarelli, Diane R Gold
Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States, causes significant morbidity, particularly in the inner-city, and accounts for billions of dollars in health care utilization. Home environments are established sources of exposure that exacerbate symptoms and home-based interventions are effective. However, elementary school children spend 7 to 12h a day in school, primarily in one classroom. From the observational School Inner-City Asthma Study we learned that student classroom-specific exposures are associated with worsening asthma symptoms and decline in lung function...
June 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614293/histone-deacetylase-3-prepares-brown-adipose-tissue-for-acute-thermogenic-challenge
#3
Matthew J Emmett, Hee-Woong Lim, Jennifer Jager, Hannah J Richter, Marine Adlanmerini, Lindsey C Peed, Erika R Briggs, David J Steger, Tao Ma, Carrie A Sims, Joseph A Baur, Liming Pei, Kyoung-Jae Won, Patrick Seale, Zachary Gerhart-Hines, Mitchell A Lazar
Brown adipose tissue is a thermogenic organ that dissipates chemical energy as heat to protect animals against hypothermia and to counteract metabolic disease. However, the transcriptional mechanisms that determine the thermogenic capacity of brown adipose tissue before environmental cold are unknown. Here we show that histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) is required to activate brown adipose tissue enhancers to ensure thermogenic aptitude. Mice with brown adipose tissue-specific genetic ablation of HDAC3 become severely hypothermic and succumb to acute cold exposure...
June 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#4
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605451/age-at-menarche-and-incidence-of-diabetes-a-prospective-study-of-300-000-women-in-china
#5
Ling Yang, Liming Li, Sanne A E Peters, Robert Clarke, Yu Guo, Yiping Chen, Zheng Bian, Paul Sherliker, Jiyuan Yin, Zhenzhu Tang, Chunmei Wang, Xiaohuan Wang, Libo Zhang, Mark Woodward, Zhengming Chen
Previous studies of mostly Western populations have reported inconsistent associations between age at menarche and risk of diabetes. We examined such associations among Chinese women who tend to have later menarche age than women in West. China Kadoorie Biobank recruited 302,632 women aged 30-79 years from 10 areas across China in 2004-8, recording 5,391 incident cases of diabetes during 7-years follow-up among 270,345 women without diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer at baseline. Cox regression models yielded adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for incident diabetes associated with age at menarche...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584524/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-deficiency-attenuates-experimental-colitis-induced-adipose-tissue-lipolysis
#6
Liming Liu, Cuiqing Zhao, Ying Yang, Xiaoxia Kong, Tuo Shao, Li Ren, Xinyu Zhuang, Baishuang Yin, Gerald Dryden, Craig McClain, Weimin Luan, Wenke Feng
AIMS: Nutrient deficiencies are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Adipose tissue plays a critical role in regulating energy balance. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is an important endocrine metabolic regulator with emerging beneficial roles in lipid homeostasis. We investigated the impact of FGF21 in experimental colitis-induced epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) lipolysis. METHODS: Mice were given 2.5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) ad libitum for 7 days to induce colitis...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582543/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#7
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Ximin Hu, Wei Hou, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
Background: Simultaneously adhering to multiple healthy lifestyle factors has been related to up to 90% reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in White populations; however, little is known about whether such protective effects persist in other non-White populations. Methods: We examined the associations of six lifestyle factors with T2DM in the China Kadoorie Biobank of 461 211 participants aged 30-79 years without diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or cancer at baseline...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572090/gdf15-is-a-heart-derived-hormone-that-regulates-body-growth
#8
Ting Wang, Jian Liu, Caitlin McDonald, Katherine Lupino, Xiandun Zhai, Benjamin J Wilkins, Hakon Hakonarson, Liming Pei
The endocrine system is crucial for maintaining whole-body homeostasis. Little is known regarding endocrine hormones secreted by the heart other than atrial/brain natriuretic peptides discovered over 30 years ago. Here, we identify growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) as a heart-derived hormone that regulates body growth. We show that pediatric heart disease induces GDF15 synthesis and secretion by cardiomyocytes. Circulating GDF15 in turn acts on the liver to inhibit growth hormone (GH) signaling and body growth...
June 1, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571745/acetylation-of-mkl1-by-pcaf-regulates-pro-inflammatory-transcription
#9
Liming Yu, Zilong Li, Mingming Fang, Yong Xu
Inflammation is considered a fundamental host defense mechanism and, when aberrantly activated, contributes to a host of human diseases. Previously we have reported that the transcriptional regulator megakaryocytic leukemia 1 (MKL1) plays a role programming cellular inflammatory response by modulating NF-κB activity. Here we report that MKL1 was acetylated in vivo and pro-inflammatory stimuli (TNF-α and LPS) augmented MKL1 acetylation accompanying increased MKL1 binding to NF-κB target promoters. Further analysis revealed that the lysine acetyltransferase PCAF mediated MKL1 acetylation: TNF-α and LPS promoted the interaction between MKL1 and PCAF whereas depletion of PCAF abrogated the induction of MKL1 acetylation by TNF-α and LPS...
May 30, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560063/ccr6-b-lymphocytes-responding-to-tumor-cell-derived-ccl20-support-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-via-enhancing-angiogenesis
#10
Huan He, Jianxiong Wu, Mengya Zang, Weihu Wang, Xiuli Chang, Xiangmei Chen, Ruijun Wang, Zhiyuan Wu, Liming Wang, Dongmei Wang, Fengmin Lu, Zongtang Sun, Chunfeng Qu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Different immune cells in tumor microenvironment shape tumor progression. CCL20 over-expression was reported as one of the "stemness" trait in TP53 mutated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to understand the effect of CCL20 on HCC progression. METHODS: In two HCC cohort patients (n=95, n=85 respectively), serum CCL20 concentration was quantified by using ELISA. Expressions of CCL20 and CCR6 in 41 paired HCC tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissues were determined by quantitative Real-Time PCR, confirmed by immunohistochemistry (CCL20) or by flow cytometry analysis (CCR6)...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549102/long-non-coding-rna-ccat1-mir-148a-axis-promotes-osteosarcoma-proliferation-and-migration-through-regulating-pik3ip1
#11
Jingwei Zhao, Liming Cheng
Osteosarcoma is the most frequent type of malignant primary bone tumor. Although many efforts have been made, the survival rate of osteosarcoma still remains unsatisfied. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to be associated with many diseases including tumors, and involved in the regulation of a wide array of pathophysiological processes. Colon-cancer-associated transcript-1 (CCAT1) was first identified in colon cancer and has subsequently been reported to perform many functions in tumor progression...
June 1, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529700/effect-of-citrus-based-products-on-urine-profile-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Fakhri Rahman, Ponco Birowo, Indah S Widyahening, Nur Rasyid
Background. Urolithiasis is a disease with high recurrence rate, 30-50% within 5 years. The aim of the present study was to learn the effects of citrus-based products on the urine profile in healthy persons and people with urolithiasis compared to control diet and potassium citrate.  Methods. A systematic review was performed, which included interventional, prospective observational and retrospective studies, comparing citrus-based therapy with standard diet therapy, mineral water, or potassium citrate. A literature search was conducted using PUBMED, COCHRANE, and Google Scholar with "citrus or lemonade or orange or grapefruit or lime or juice" and "urolithiasis" as search terms...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529531/the-protective-effect-of-lavender-essential-oil-and-its-main-component-linalool-against-the-cognitive-deficits-induced-by-d-galactose-and-aluminum-trichloride-in-mice
#13
Pan Xu, Kezhu Wang, Cong Lu, Liming Dong, Li Gao, Ming Yan, Silafu Aibai, Yanyan Yang, Xinmin Liu
Lavender essential oil (LO) is a traditional medicine used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It was extracted from Lavandula angustifolia Mill. This study was designed to investigate the effects of lavender essential oil (LO) and its active component, linalool (LI), against cognitive impairment induced by D-galactose (D-gal) and AlCl3 in mice and to explore the related mechanisms. Our results revealed that LO (100 mg/kg) or LI (100 mg/kg) significantly protected the cognitive impairments as assessed by the Morris water maze test and step-though test...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500761/melatonin-ameliorates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-sirt3-dependent-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#14
Mengen Zhai, Buying Li, Weixun Duan, Lin Jing, Bin Zhang, Meng Zhang, Liming Yu, Zhenhua Liu, Bo Yu, Kai Ren, Erhe Gao, Yang Yang, Hongliang Liang, Zhenxiao Jin, Shiqiang Yu
Sirtuins are a family of highly evolutionarily conserved nicotinamide adenine nucleotide-dependent histone deacetylases. Sirtuin-3 (SIRT3) is a member of the sirtuin family that is localized primarily to the mitochondria and protects against oxidative stress-related diseases, including myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Melatonin has a favorable effect in ameliorating MI/R injury. We hypothesized that melatonin protects against MI/R injury by activating the SIRT3 signaling pathway. In this study, mice were pre-treated with or without a selective SIRT3 inhibitor and then subjected to MI/R operation...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487678/soil-acidification-aggravates-the-occurrence-of-bacterial-wilt-in-south-china
#15
Shili Li, Yongqin Liu, Jiao Wang, Liang Yang, Shuting Zhang, Chen Xu, Wei Ding
Soil acidification is a major problem in modern agricultural systems and is an important factor affecting the soil microbial community and soil health. However, little is known about the effect of soil acidification on soil-borne plant diseases. We performed a 4-year investigation in South China to evaluate the correlation between soil acidification and the occurrence of bacterial wilt. The results showed that the average soil pH in fields infected by bacterial wilt disease was much lower than that in non-disease fields...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460360/design-synthesis-and-biological-activity-of-3-oxoamino-benzenesulfonamides-as-selective-and-reversible-lsd1-inhibitors
#16
Jiayue Xi, Siyuan Xu, Liming Wu, Tianfang Ma, Rongfeng Liu, Yu-Chih Liu, Dawei Deng, Yueqing Gu, Jinpei Zhou, Fei Lan, Xiaoming Zha
Lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a flavin-dependent amine oxidase that selectively removes one or two methyl groups from H3 at Lys4 and is recognized as a promising therapeutic target for cancer and other diseases. Here, a series of 3-oxoamino-benzenesulfonamides were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against LSD1. Compounds 7b and 7h showed the most potent inhibition with the IC50 values of 9.5 and 6.9μM, respectively. Furthermore, the LSD1 inhibition of 7b and 7h were reversible and selective...
June 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454710/identification-of-putative-effector-genes-and-their-transcripts-in-three-strains-related-to-candidatus-phytoplasma-aurantifolia
#17
Ameneh Anabestani, Keramat Izadpanah, Simona Abbà, Luciana Galetto, Abozar Ghorbani, Sabrina Palmano, Majid Siampour, Flavio Veratti, Cristina Marzachì
Molecular mechanisms underlying phytoplasma interactions with host plants are largely unknown. In this study attempts were made to identify effectors of three phytoplasma strains related to 'Ca. P. aurantifolia', crotalaria phyllody (CrP), faba bean phyllody (FBP), and witches' broom disease of lime (WBDL), using information from draft genome of peanut witches' broom phytoplasma. Seven putative effectors were identified in WBDL genome (SAP11, SAP21, Eff64, Eff115, Eff197, Eff211 and EffSAP67), five (SAP11, SAP21, Eff64, Eff99 and Eff197) in CrP and two (SAP11, Eff64) in FBP...
June 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451353/highly-specific-noninvasive-photoacoustic-and-positron-emission-tomography-of-brain-plaque-with-functionalized-croconium-dye-labeled-by-a-radiotracer
#18
Yajing Liu, Yanping Yang, Mingjian Sun, Mengchao Cui, Ying Fu, Yu Lin, Zijing Li, Liming Nie
Highly-efficient targeting probes are desirable for disease diagnosis and functional imaging. However, most of the current near-infrared (NIR) probes suffer from low signal conversion, insufficient photostability, poor probe specificity, and limited functions. Herein, an NIR ultrahigh absorbing croconium dye for amyloid (CDA) was designed and synthesized to specifically bind to cerebrovascular amyloid without antibody linkage. This unique CDA is able to strongly bind the hydrophobic channels of amyloid beta (Aβ) fiber with a very strong binding energy of -9...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449053/fresh-fruit-consumption-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-findings-from-the-china-kadoorie-biobank
#19
Huaidong Du, Liming Li, Derrick Bennett, Ling Yang, Yu Guo, Timothy J Key, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Robin G Walters, Iona Y Millwood, Junshi Chen, Junzheng Wang, Xue Zhou, Le Fang, Yijun Li, Xianzhi Li, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Zhengming Chen
Background: Higher fruit consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Substantial uncertainties remain, however, about the associations of fruit consumption with all-cause mortality and mortality from subtypes of CVD and major non-vascular diseases, especially in China. Methods: In 2004-08, the nationwide China Kadoorie Biobank Study recruited > 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years from 10 diverse localities in China. Fresh fruit consumption was estimated using an interviewer-administered electronic questionnaire, and mortality data were collected from death registries...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448993/the-long-non-coding-rna-xist-controls-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-proliferation-and-invasion-by-modulating-mir-186-5p
#20
Haoyou Wang, Qiming Shen, Xin Zhang, Chunlu Yang, Su Cui, Yanbin Sun, Liming Wang, Xiaoxi Fan, Shun Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key players in the development and progression of human cancers. The lncRNA XIST (X-inactive specific transcript) has been shown to be upregulated in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, its role and molecular mechanisms in NSCLC cell progression remain unclear. METHODS: qRT-PCR was conducted to assess the expression of XIST and miR-186. Cell proliferation was detected using MTT assay. Cell invasion and migration were evaluated using transwell assay...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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