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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909773/chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-of-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#1
Jiahui Si, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Chenxi Qin, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Li Yin, Hui Li, Jian Lan, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Jun Lv, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence remains inconclusive as to the association between chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We prospectively examined the association between chronic HBV infection and CKD risk, and the joint associations of HBV infection with established risk factors of several lifestyle factors and prevalent diseases on CKD risk. METHODS: Participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank were enrolled during 2004-2008 and followed up until 31 December 2015...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907132/association-between-multiple-comorbidities-and-self-rated-health-status-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-the-china-kadoorie-biobank-study
#2
Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Understanding the correlates of self-rated health (SRH) can help public health professionals prioritize health-promotion and disease-prevention interventions. This study aimed to investigate the association between multiple comorbidities and global SRH and age-comparative SRH. METHODS: A total of 512,891 participants aged 30-79 years old were recruited into the China Kadoorie Biobank study from ten regions between 2004 and 2008. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) for the associations between comorbidities (including diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, stroke, tuberculosis, emphysema/bronchitis, asthma, cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis, peptic ulcer, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, fracture, rheumatic arthritis, psychiatric disorders, depressive symptoms, neurasthenia, head injury and cancer) and SRH...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905794/a-brief-overview-of-the-swi1-prion-swi
#3
Dustin K Goncharoff, Zhiqiang Du, Liming Li
Prion and prion-like phenomena are involved in the pathology of numerous human neurodegenerative diseases. The budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has a number of endogenous yeast prions-epigenetic elements that are transmitted as altered protein conformations and often manifested as heritable phenotypic traits. One such yeast prion, [SWI+], was discovered and characterized by our laboratory. The protein determinant of [SWI+], Swi1 was found to contain an amino-terminal, asparagine-rich prion domain. Normally, Swi1 functions as part of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, thus, acting as a global transcriptional regulator...
September 1, 2018: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895800/characterization-of-the-genetic-diversity-of-acid-lime-citrus-aurantifolia-christm-swingle-cultivars-of-eastern-nepal-using-inter-simple-sequence-repeat-markers
#4
Nabin Narayan Munankarmi, Neesha Rana, Tribikram Bhattarai, Ram Lal Shrestha, Bal Krishna Joshi, Bikash Baral, Sangita Shrestha
Acid lime ( Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle) is an important fruit crop, which has high commercial value and is cultivated in 60 out of the 77 districts representing all geographical landscapes of Nepal. A lack of improved high-yielding varieties, infestation with various diseases, and pests, as well as poor management practices might have contributed to its extremely reduced productivity, which necessitates a reliable understanding of genetic diversity in existing cultivars. Hereby, we aim to characterize the genetic diversity of acid lime cultivars cultivated at three different agro-ecological gradients of eastern Nepal, employing PCR-based inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers...
June 12, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889351/propolis-from-different-geographic-origins-suppress-intestinal-inflammation-in-a-model-of-dss-induced-colitis-is-associated-with-decreased-bacteroides-spp-in-the-gut
#5
Kai Wang, Xiaolu Jin, Qiangqiang Li, Alexandra Christine Helena Frankland Sawaya, Richard K Le Leu, Michael A Conlon, Liming Wu, Fuliang Hu
SCOPE: Dietary supplementation with polyphenol-rich propolis can protect against experimentally-induced colitis. We examined whether different polyphenol compositions of Chinese propolis (CP) and Brazilian propolis (BP) influences their ability to protect against dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: HPLC-DAD/Q-TOF-MS analysis confirmed that polyphenol compositions of CP and BP were dissimilar. Rats were given CP or BP by gavage (300 mg/kg body weight) throughout the study, starting 1 week prior to DSS treatment for 1 week followed by 3 d without DSS...
June 11, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886721/self-rated-health-status-and-risk-of-incident-stroke-in-0-5-million-chinese-adults-the-china-kadoorie-biobank-study
#6
Wenhong Dong, Xiong-Fei Pan, Canqing Yu, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Tangchun Wu, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Self-rated health (SRH) is a consistent and strong predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in various populations. However, the associations between SRH measures and risk of first-ever or recurrent stroke were rarely explored. We thus aim to prospectively investigate the associations between SRH measures and risk of total and subtypes of stroke in Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 494,113 participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank without prior heart diseases or cancer (486,541 without stroke and 7,572 with stroke) were followed from baseline (2004 to 2008) until December 31, 2013...
May 2018: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800531/combined-analysis-of-genome-wide-expression-profiling-of-maize-zea-mays-l-leaves-infected-with-u-maydis
#7
Jinglu Wang, Ying Zhang, Jianjun Du, Xiaodi Pan, Liming Ma, Meng Shao, Xinyu Guo
Although many gene expression profiling studies of maize leaves infected with U. maydis have been published, heterogeneity of the results causing by various data processing methods and pathogenic strains in different data sets remains strong. Hence, we conducted a combined analysis of six genome-wide expression data sets of maize leaves infected with five different U. maydis strains by using same pre-processing and quality control procedures. Six data sets were regrouped into five groups according to pathogenic strains...
May 25, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793031/cloning-overexpression-and-purification-of-a-gene-of-unknown-function-of-prophage-loci-from-candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-the-destructive-bacterial-pathogen-of-huanglongbing-disease-in-citrus-plants
#8
Duangtip Sudhan, Thamrongjet Puttamuk, Supachai Vuttipongchaikij, Pitak Chuawong
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening is one of the most destructive diseases affecting citrus industry worldwide. The causal agent in Asia is a phloem-limited, Gram-negative bacterium, 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas). Within the genome of CLas lies prophage regions, classified as Type-A, B, C, and D. In particular, Type-D has been indicated to correlate with the blotchy-mottle symptoms of citrus trees. Here we reported the cloning, overexpression, and purification of the ORF1, an open reading frame from the partial Type-D region of CLas obtained from an infected lime tree (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle)...
May 21, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785957/associations-of-egg-consumption-with-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-cohort-study-of-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#9
Chenxi Qin, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Jiahui Si, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Yonglin Zhou, Hao Zhang, Jianjun Liu, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Canqing Yu, Liming Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD), ischaemic heart disease (IHD), major coronary events (MCE), haemorrhagic stroke as well as ischaemic stroke. METHODS: During 2004-2008, over 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years were recruited from 10 diverse survey sites in China. Participants were asked about the frequency of egg consumption and were followed up via linkages to multiple registries and active investigation...
May 21, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785011/a-genome-wide-cross-trait-analysis-from-uk-biobank-highlights-the-shared-genetic-architecture-of-asthma-and-allergic-diseases
#10
Zhaozhong Zhu, Phil H Lee, Mark D Chaffin, Wonil Chung, Po-Ru Loh, Quan Lu, David C Christiani, Liming Liang
Clinical and epidemiological data suggest that asthma and allergic diseases are associated and may share a common genetic etiology. We analyzed genome-wide SNP data for asthma and allergic diseases in 33,593 cases and 76,768 controls of European ancestry from UK Biobank. Two publicly available independent genome-wide association studies were used for replication. We have found a strong genome-wide genetic correlation between asthma and allergic diseases (rg  = 0.75, P = 6.84 × 10-62 ). Cross-trait analysis identified 38 genome-wide significant loci, including 7 novel shared loci...
May 21, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783096/all-roads-lead-to-rome-towards-understanding-different-avenues-of-tolerance-to-huanglongbing-in-citrus-cultivars
#11
Nabil Killiny, Shelley E Jones, Yasser Nehela, Faraj Hijaz, Manjul Dutt, Frederick G Gmitter, Jude W Grosser
Citrus tolerance to huanglongbing could result from tolerance to the pathogen Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) and/or to its vector Diaphorina citri. Field observations and greenhouse-controlled studies showed that some citrus cultivars were more tolerant than others. However, the mechanism(s) behind the tolerance has not been determined yet. Using GC-MS, we investigated the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and the non-volatile metabolite profiles of two tolerant citrus cultivars- Australian finger lime, 'LB8-9' Sugar Belle® mandarin hybrid, and a recently released mandarin hybrid 'Bingo'...
May 18, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773120/age-specific-association-between-blood-pressure-and-vascular-and-non-vascular-chronic-diseases-in-0%C3%A2-5-million-adults-in-china-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Ben Lacey, Sarah Lewington, Robert Clarke, Xiang Ling Kong, Yiping Chen, Yu Guo, Ling Yang, Derrick Bennett, Fiona Bragg, Zheng Bian, Shaojie Wang, Hua Zhang, Junshi Chen, Robin G Walters, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: The age-specific association between blood pressure and vascular disease has been studied mostly in high-income countries, and before the widespread use of brain imaging for diagnosis of the main stroke types (ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage). We aimed to investigate this relationship among adults in China. METHODS: 512 891 adults (59% women) aged 30-79 years were recruited into a prospective study from ten areas of China between June 25, 2004, and July 15, 2008...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773119/adiposity-and-risk-of-ischaemic-and-haemorrhagic-stroke-in-0%C3%A2-5-million-chinese-men-and-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Zhengming Chen, Andri Iona, Sarah Parish, Yiping Chen, Yu Guo, Fiona Bragg, Ling Yang, Zheng Bian, Michael V Holmes, Sarah Lewington, Ben Lacey, Ruqin Gao, Fang Liu, Zengzhi Zhang, Junshi Chen, Robin G Walters, Rory Collins, Robert Clarke, Richard Peto, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: China has high stroke rates despite the population being relatively lean. Uncertainty persists about the relevance of adiposity to risk of stroke types. We aimed to assess the associations of adiposity with incidence of stroke types and effect mediation by blood pressure in Chinese men and women. METHODS: The China Kadoorie Biobank enrolled 512 891 adults aged 30-79 years from ten areas (five urban and five rural) during 2004-08. During a median 9 years (IQR 8-10) of follow-up, 32 448 strokes (about 90% confirmed by neuroimaging) were recorded among 489 301 participants without previous cardiovascular disease...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771383/relationship-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-with-kidney-function-and-albuminuria-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#14
Sahapab Anuwatmatee, Matthew A Allison, Michael G Shlipak, Robyn L McClelland, Holly Kramer, Shudi Tang, Liming Hou, Kerry-Anne Rye, Kwok Leung Ong
Background: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) may play a role in the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We therefore investigated the relationship of plasma FGF21 levels with kidney function and albuminuria in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Methods: The analysis included 5724 MESA participants ages 45-84 years between 2000 and 2002, free of clinically apparent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Participants were followed up in person at four additional clinic visits over 10 years...
May 15, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770948/post-surgical-resection-prognostic-value-of-combined-opn-mmp7-and-psg9-plasma-biomarkers-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Weiqi Rong, Yang Zhang, Lei Yang, Lin Feng, Baojun Wei, Fan Wu, Liming Wang, Yanning Gao, Shujun Cheng, Jianxiong Wu, Ting Xiao
Biomarkers for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following curative resection are not currently sufficient for prognostic indication of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic performance of osteopontin (OPN), matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7), and pregnancy specific glycoprotein 9 (PSG9) in patients with HCC. A total of 179 prospective patients with HCC provided plasma before hepatectomy. Plasma OPN, MMP7, and PSG9 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
May 16, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767957/magnetic-manipulation-of-reversible-nanocaging-controls-in-vivo-adhesion-and-polarization-of-macrophages
#16
Heemin Kang, Hee Joon Jung, Sung Kyu Kim, Dexter Siu Hong Wong, Sien Lin, Gang Li, Vinayak P Dravid, Liming Bian
Macrophages are key immune cells that perform various physiological functions, such as the maintenance of homeostasis, host defense, disease progression, and tissue regeneration. Macrophages adopt distinctly polarized phenotypes, such as pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype or anti-inflammatory (pro-healing) M2 phenotype, to execute disparate functions. The remotely controlled reversible uncaging of bioactive ligands, such as Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide, is an appealing approach for temporally regulating the adhesion and resultant polarization of macrophages on the implants in vivo...
May 16, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767263/icariin-promotes-wound-healing-by-enhancing-the-migration-and-proliferation-of-keratinocytes-via-the-akt-and-erk-signaling-pathway
#17
Bobin Mi, Jing Liu, Guohui Liu, Wu Zhou, Yi Liu, Liangcong Hu, Liming Xiong, Shunan Ye, Yongchao Wu
Icariin is a traditional Chinese drug that has long been used to treat various diseases. In the present study, the effect of icariin was investigated on cutaneous wound healing. Using in vitro experiments, it was demonstrated that icariin significantly promoted the migration and proliferation of keratinocytes via the activation of AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT) and extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK). Inhibition of AKT or ERK reversed the effects of icariin on the proliferation and migration of keratinocytes...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755447/stomatal-closure-and-sa-ja-et-signaling-pathways-are-essential-for-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-fzb42-to-restrict-leaf-disease-caused-by-phytophthora-nicotianae-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#18
Liming Wu, Ziyang Huang, Xi Li, Liumin Ma, Qin Gu, Huijun Wu, Jia Liu, Rainer Borriss, Zhen Wu, Xuewen Gao
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 is a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium that induces resistance to a broad spectrum of pathogens. This study analyzed the mechanism by which FZB42 restricts leaf disease caused by Phytophthora nicotianae in Nicotiana benthamiana . The oomycete foliar pathogen P. nicotianae is able to reopen stomata which had been closed by the plant innate immune response to initiate penetration and infection. Here, we showed that root colonization by B. amyloliquefaciens FZB42 restricted pathogen-mediated stomatal reopening in N...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749529/%C3%AE-%C3%A2-synuclein-induces-apoptosis-of-astrocytes-by-causing-dysfunction-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum%C3%A2-golgi-compartment
#19
Mei Liu, Lixia Qin, Lili Wang, Jieqiong Tan, Hainan Zhang, Jianguang Tang, Xiangmin Shen, Liming Tan, Chunyu Wang
Although previous work has demonstrated that the overexpression of wild‑type or mutant α‑synuclein (α‑syn) can induce cell death via a number of different mechanisms, including oxidative stress, dysfunction of the ubiquitin‑proteasome degradation system, mitochondrial damage and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, research interest has primarily focused on neurons. However, there is accumulating evidence that suggests that astrocytes may be involved in the earliest changes, as well as the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD), though the role of α‑syn in astrocytes has not been widely studied...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744340/hydrogen-sulfide-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Panzhi Wang, Liming Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
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