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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338892/embodiment-and-schizophrenia-a-review-of-implications-and-applications
#1
Wolfgang Tschacher, Anne Giersch, Karl Friston
In recent decades, embodiment has become an influential concept in psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Embodiment denotes the study of the reciprocal (causal) relationships between mind and body, with the mind not only affecting the body but also vice versa. Embodied cognition comes to the fore in sensorimotor coupling, predictive coding, and nonverbal behavior. Additionally, the embodiment of the mind constitutes the basis of social interaction and communication, as evident in research on nonverbal synchrony and mimicry...
March 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334488/the-metacognition-assessment-scale-mas-a-results-of-a-pilot-study-applying-a-german-translation-to-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#2
Anna-Lena Bröcker, Samuel Bayer, Frauke Stuke, Patrick Giemsa, Andreas Heinz, Felix Bermpohl, Paul H Lysaker, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVES: Metacognition, the capacity 'to think about thinking' and thus to reflect and to master interpersonal problems on a mentalistic basis, is often impaired among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and has been suggested as a potential treatment target. However, little is known about the reliability of its measurement and links with related phenomena. The aim of this study was to validate a German translation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS-A) as a measure to assess metacognition from free narratives of patients' personally relevant episodes and relationships...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332948/self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-in-bottom-up-dissemination-of-a-research-supported-intervention-for-young-traumatized-children-and-their-families
#3
Paula David, Miriam Schiff
Implementation literature has under-reported bottom-up dissemination attempts of research-supported interventions (RSI). This study examined factors associated with individual clinicians' implementation of Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), including CPP social network (SN), supervision, and self-efficacy. Seventy-seven (90%) CPP graduates completed a cross-sectional survey, including measures regarding social network, receiving supervision, and CPP self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly associated with CPP implementation; CPP SN and supervision were not...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#4
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319693/what-do-dads-want-treatment-preferences-for-paternal-postpartum-depression
#5
Emily E Cameron, Dana Hunter, Ivan D Sedov, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is prevalent, occurring in 8 to 13% of new fathers. Identifying effective and acceptable treatments for paternal PPD is important to prevent negative family outcomes. Participation in a patient preferred treatment for depression increases treatment adherence and effectiveness. Thus, developing and delivering interventions that are preferred by the target population is an important aspect of successful treatment. The current study investigated treatment preferences for paternal PPD...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318325/emergent-life-events-during-youth-evidence-based-treatment-impact-on-future-provider-adherence-and-clinical-progress
#6
Karen Guan, Alayna L Park, Bruce F Chorpita
Emergent life events (ELEs)-unexpected stressors disclosed in psychotherapy that have a significant negative impact on the client-commonly occur in community populations of youth and are associated with decreased provider adherence to evidence-based treatment (EBT) in session. The present study extends previous research by examining longer term associations of ELEs with (a) provider adherence to planned EBT practices in subsequent sessions and (b) clinical progress. Data were drawn from the modular EBT condition (MATCH) of the Child STEPs California trial conducted with primarily Latino youth, ages 5-15, who were 54% male (Chorpita et al...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318278/therapist-effects-on-dropout-from-a-college-counseling-center-practice-research-network
#7
Henry Xiao, Louis G Castonguay, Rebecca A Janis, Soo Jeong Youn, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
Dropout has been a pervasive and costly problem in psychotherapy, particularly for college counseling centers. The present study examined potential predictors of dropout using a large data set (N = 10,147 clients, 481 therapists) that was gathered through a college counseling center practice research network as a replication and extension of recent findings regarding therapist effects on dropout. The final model resulted in a dropout rate of 15.9% and a therapist effect of 9.51% on dropout variance. Therapist demographic variables were investigated, though none were found to be significant...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318277/technology-enhanced-human-interaction-in-psychotherapy
#8
Zac E Imel, Derek D Caperton, Michael Tanana, David C Atkins
Psychotherapy is on the verge of a technology-inspired revolution. The concurrent maturation of communication, signal processing, and machine learning technologies begs an earnest look at how these technologies may be used to improve the quality of psychotherapy. Here, we discuss 3 research domains where technology is likely to have a significant impact: (1) mechanism and process, (2) training and feedback, and (3) technology-mediated treatment modalities. For each domain, we describe current and forthcoming examples of how new technologies may change established applications...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301219/management-of-comorbid-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorders
#9
Ihsan M Salloum, Edson Sherwood Brown
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of substance use disorders (SUDs) in bipolar disorder is among the highest in psychiatric disorders. Evidence-based controlled psychosocial or pharmacological interventions trials, which may guide treatment decisions, have not been systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To present a narrative review of the public health and clinical significance of this condition, including diagnostic and treatment implications, and to evaluate controlled trials conducted to date...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300998/psychological-assistance-provided-to-patients-diagnosed-with-depression-in-primary-care
#10
Cibele Cunha Lima da Motta, Carmen Leontina Ojeda Ocampo Moré, Carlos Henrique Sancineto da Silva Nunes
The scope of this research was to understand the assistance provided by psychologists to patients diagnosed with depression in the municipal health care network. In this study, the phenomenon is examined from its broader perspective, taking the psychosocial dimensions of health into account. A group of 22 psychologists participated in this study of a qualitative nature. Data collection began with participant in-field observation of the institutional context followed by semi-structured interviews. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze information, thereby facilitating its integration and categorization...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#11
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291972/efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-augmentative-rtms-in-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-mdd-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-croatia
#13
Igor Filipcic, Zeljko Milovac, Strahimir Sucic, Tomislav Gajsak, Ivona Simunovic Filipcic, Ena Ivezic, Vjekoslav Aljinovic, Ivana Orgulan, Sandra Zecevic Penic, Zarko Bajic
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of research suggest that repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is effective and safe treatment option for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan" has the first TMS laboratory with rTMS and deep TMS (dTMS) in Croatia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of augmentative rTMS treatment vs standard treatment in Croatian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD)...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291038/psychotherapy-research-and-the-nimh-an-either-or-or-both-and-research-agenda
#14
Eric M Plakun
There is a need for psychotherapy research to determine the effective, nonspecific or shared elements of psychotherapy regardless of therapy school. In an apparent "either/or" rather than "both/and" choice, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has committed its research resources to study of neural mechanisms and biomarkers, while greatly reducing funding for research into clinical methods, including psychotherapy. This column explores the potential effect of this decision on patient care and reviews questions raised by some about whether the underlying "big idea" behind the NIMH research approach is supported by the results of several decades of brain and genomics research...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290061/accelerated-resolution-therapy-art-a-review-and-research-to-date
#15
REVIEW
Wendi Waits, Megan Marumoto, Jennifer Weaver
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe and summarize published research on accelerated resolution therapy (ART), a promising and relatively new psychotherapy with the potential to offer rapid and effective resolution of a wide range of psychiatric symptoms. Unlike most evidence-based psychotherapies, ART is a predominately imaginative therapy that relies upon the rescripting of distressing events and metaphors as one of its key therapeutic elements. RECENT FINDINGS: The number of studies conducted on ART is limited, primarily consisting of one randomized, controlled trial (RCT) with 57 subjects and two large cohort studies involving 80 and 117 subjects, respectively...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289788/-failure-of-a%C3%A2-study-in-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals-clinical-trial-to-investigate-the-additive-effect-of-triptorelin-on-the-efficacy-of-psychotherapy
#16
Peer Briken, Jürgen L Müller, Wolfgang Berner, Rolf-Hasso Bödeker, Jochen Vollmann, Christian Kasperk, Matthias Koller
BACKGROUND: A testosterone-lowering medication is relatively commonly used as a form of treatment for sexual offenders with severe paraphilic disorders in German forensic psychiatric hospitals; however, a double-blind, controlled and randomized study, which investigates the efficacy of this medication, is still lacking. AIM: This article describes the process from the planning to the rejection of a clinical trial over the period from 2009 to 2015. METHODS AND RESULTS: Despite the careful planning with an interdisciplinary team and giving special consideration to the complex legal situation, the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) rejected the proposed trial in a brief formal letter with reference to the German Drug Law (§ 40 para...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287774/evaluation-of-a-shared-decision-making-intervention-on-the-utilization-of-evidence-based-psychotherapy-in-a-va-outpatient-ptsd-clinic
#17
Jonathan D Hessinger, Melissa J London, Sheila M Baer
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has continued to emphasize the availability, access, and utilization of high quality mental health care particularly in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While dissemination and availability of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) have only increased, treatment engagement and utilization have continued to be oft-noted challenges. Administrators, researchers, and individual clinicians have continued to develop and explore novel systemic and individualized interventions to address these issues...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285469/health-related-quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-compared-to-patients-from-a-psychosomatic-inpatient-hospital
#18
Alexandra Osterhues, Thomas von Lengerke, Julian W Mall, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid Müller
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Past research indicated high psychiatric comorbidity and poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients seeking surgical treatment for obesity. This study investigated if preoperative bariatric surgery patients perceive equally poor HRQOL and increased levels of anxiety and depression as mentally ill patients. METHODS: The study included four groups: 192 bariatric surgery candidates (PRE, 71% women, BMI 48.35 ± 8.98 kg/m(2)), 96 psychotherapy inpatients with mental disorders (PSY, 77% women, BMI 27...
March 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273494/cortisol-as-a-predictor-of-psychological-therapy-response-in-anxiety-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Susanne Fischer, Anthony J Cleare
BACKGROUND: Although psychotherapy generally is effective in anxiety disorders, many patients are treatment-resistant. At the same time, some patients with anxiety disorders show alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, one of the major stress-responsive systems. Since raised levels of the end product of the HPA axis, cortisol, adversely affect cognition, we hypothesised that more pronounced alterations in cortisol levels would be associated with a less favourable response to psychotherapy...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271287/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-a-transdiagnostic-behavioral-intervention-for-mental-health-and-medical-conditions
#20
REVIEW
Lilian Dindo, Julia R Van Liew, Joanna J Arch
Psychological interventions have a long history of successful treatment of patients suffering from mental health and certain medical conditions. At the same time, psychotherapy research has revealed key areas of growth for optimizing patient care. These include identifying novel treatment delivery methods that increase treatment adherence, developing new strategies to more effectively address the ever-growing population of patients with comorbid conditions, and elucidating the mechanisms by which effective treatments work in order to further refine their design...
March 7, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
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