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Psychotherapy research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922008/crying-in-psychotherapy-the-perspective-of-therapists-and-clients
#1
Sarah Knox, Clara E Hill, Graham Knowlton, Harold Chui, Nathan Pruitt, Kevin Tate
Eighteen U.S.-based doctoral students in counseling or clinical psychology were interviewed by phone regarding experiences of crying in therapy. Specifically, they described crying as therapists with their clients, as clients with their therapists, and experiences when their therapists cried in the participants' therapy. Data were analyzed using consensual qualitative research. When crying with their clients, therapists expressed concern about the appropriateness/impact of crying, cried only briefly and because they felt an empathic connection with their clients, thought that the crying strengthened the relationship, discussed the event with their supervisor, and wished they had discussed the event more fully with clients...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915904/tiga-cub-manualised-psychoanalytic-child-psychotherapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-children-aged-5-11-years-with-treatment-resistant-conduct-disorders-and-their-primary-carers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#2
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Kayleigh Burton, Robert Cicero, Liz Graham, Sadie Reed, Sandy Tubeuf, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Lynda Ellis, Dot Evans, Tom Hughes, Nick Midgley, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends evidence-based parenting programmes as a first-line intervention for conduct disorders (CD) in children aged 5-11 years. As these are not effective in 25-33% of cases, NICE has requested research into second-line interventions. Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists (CAPTs) address highly complex problems where first-line treatments have failed and there have been small-scale studies of Psychoanalytic Child Psychotherapy (PCP) for CD...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910493/using-interpersonal-process-recall-to-compare-patients-accounts-of-resistance-in-two-psychotherapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#3
Nicholas R Morrison, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Angela Kertes, Brien J Goodwin, Martin M Antony
In a trial examining whether cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) could be improved by integrating motivational interviewing (MI) to target resistance, MI-CBT outperformed CBT over 12-month follow-up (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). Given that effectively addressing resistance is both a theoretically and an empirically supported mechanism of MI's additive effect, we explored qualitatively patients' experience of resistance, possibly as a function of treatment. For 5 patients from each treatment who exhibited early in-session change ambivalence, and thus were at risk for later resistance, we conducted interpersonal process recall interviews after a session...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#4
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901694/the-role-of-cognitive-biases-in-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#5
Ueli Kramer, Diana Ortega, Gilles Ambresin, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Yves de Roten
The concept of biased thinking - or cognitive biases - is relevant to psychotherapy research and clinical conceptualization, beyond cognitive theories. The present naturalistic study aimed to examine the changes in biased thinking over the course of a short-term dynamic psychotherapy (STDP) and to discover potential links between these changes and symptomatic improvement. This study focuses on 32 self-referred patients consulting for Adjustment Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR. The therapists were experienced psychodynamically oriented psychiatrists and psychotherapists...
September 13, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900666/-psychotherapeutic-approaches-for-treatment-of-the-elderly
#6
REVIEW
M Hautzinger, P Dykierek, A Fellgiebel, M Hüll
BACKGROUND: This article focusses on the possibilities, varieties, indications, and benefits of psychotherapy with elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: Which basic principles can be differentiated, what theoretical rationales are helpful for psychotherapy with the elderly and what kind and forms of psychotherapy are available? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on relevant references and research, clinically relevant and evidence-based psychotherapies are described, to understand the theoretical rationale, the goals, the procedure and main strategies...
September 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899230/research-on-the-alliance-knowledge-in-search-of-a-theory
#7
Adam O Horvath
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review paper is to summarize the challenges facing research on the alliance now and going forward. The review begins with a brief overview of the development of the concept of the alliance in historical context. METHOD: A summary of what has been accomplished both within the psychotherapy research community and in other professions is presented. Current challenges facing this line of research are identified, including the existence of a wide range of operational definitions that results in a diffusion of the identity of the alliance concept...
September 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898410/the-client-s-perspective-on-experiences-of-psychotherapy-a-practice-friendly-review
#8
Ladislav Timulak, Daragh Keogh
Recent decades have seen a significant increase in the number of studies exploring client perspectives on, and experiences of, psychotherapy. The present article provides a practice friendly overview of this research, identifying common domains of inquiry, and providing examples of findings relevant to practitioners. Research in this area can be categorized in terms of the client's perspective pertaining to theoretical constructs, studies of client satisfaction, and qualitative studies that are either open-ended or explore specific aspects of client experiences...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886664/effectiveness-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-and-prolonged-exposure-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#9
Benjamin T Rutt, Mary E Oehlert, Thomas S Krieshok, James W Lichtenberg
Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in conditions reflective of current clinical practice within the Veterans Health Administration. Method This study involved a retrospective review of 2030 charts. A total of 750 veterans from 10 U.S. states who received cognitive processing therapy or prolonged exposure in individual psychotherapy were included in the study (participants in cognitive processing therapy, N = 376; participants in prolonged exposure, N = 374)...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886114/delivery-of-mental-health-treatment-to-combat-veterans-with-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-tbi-histories
#10
Shannon R Miles, Juliette M Harik, Natalie E Hundt, Joseph Mignogna, Nicholas J Pastorek, Karin E Thompson, Jessica S Freshour, Hong J Yu, Jeffrey A Cully
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mental health (MH) disorders are prevalent in combat veterans returning from Afghanistan and/or Iraq (hereafter referred to as returning veterans). Accurate estimates of service utilization for veterans with and without TBI exposure (referred to as TBI history) are imperative in order to provide high quality healthcare to returning veterans. We examined associations between TBI history and MH service utilization in a subsample of returning veterans who were newly diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and/or anxiety in the 2010 fiscal year (N = 55,458)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885930/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-impact-on-weight-quality-of-life-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-veterans-with-mental-illness
#11
Jillian M Tessier, Zachary D Erickson, Hilary B Meyer, Matthew R Baker, Hollie A Gelberg, Irina Y Arnold, Crystal Kwan, Valery Chamberlin, Jennifer A Rosen, Chandresh Shah, Gerhard Hellemann, Melissa M Lewis, Charles Nguyen, Neena Sachinvala, Binyamin Amrami, Joseph M Pierre, Donna Ames
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with mental illness tend to have shorter life spans and suboptimal physical health because of a variety of factors. These factors include poor nutrition, being overweight, and smoking cigarettes. Nonphysical contributors that may affect quality of life are the stigma associated with mental illness, social difficulties, and spiritual crises. Current mental health treatment focuses primarily on the delivery of medication and evidence-based psychotherapies, which may not affect all the above areas of a Veteran's life as they focus primarily on improving psychological symptoms...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876379/clinical-outcomes-of-psychotherapy-dropouts-does-dropping-out-of-psychotherapy-necessarily-mean-failure
#12
Rodrigo T Lopes, Miguel M Gonçalves, Dana Sinai, Paulo P Machado
Objective: A large proportion of psychotherapy patients remain untreated, mostly because they drop out. This study compares the short- and long-term outcomes of patients who dropped out of psychotherapy to those of therapy completers. Methods: The sample included 63 patients (23 dropouts and 40 completers) from a controlled clinical trial, which compared narrative therapy vs. cognitive-behavioral therapy for major depressive disorder. Patients were assessed at the eighth session, post-treatment, and at 31-month follow-up...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873269/do-therapists-subjective-variables-impact-on-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Vittorio Lingiardi, Laura Muzi, Annalisa Tanzilli, Nicola Carone
BACKGROUND: Despite growing attention to the general therapist effects in a wide range of clinical settings, little is known about the individual, cross-situational, and therapy-nonspecific variables that impact on the differential effectiveness of clinicians. The current study is a systematic review of the evidence relating to the influence of therapist's subjective characteristics on outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapies. METHOD: A multistage and systematic search of articles published between 1987 and 2017 identified 30 relevant studies, which were organized into 6 areas according to the specific therapist's variable considered...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871896/adherence-predictors-in-an-internet-based-intervention-program-for-depression
#14
Adoración Castro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Christian Peake, Fermín Mayoral, Cristina Botella, Javier García-Campayo, Rosa María Baños, Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Miquel Roca, Margalida Gili
Internet-delivered psychotherapy has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of depression. Nevertheless, the study of the adherence in this type of the treatment reported divergent results. The main objective of this study is to analyze predictors of adherence in a primary care Internet-based intervention for depression in Spain. A multi-center, three arm, parallel, randomized controlled trial was conducted with 194 depressive patients, who were allocated in self-guided or supported-guided intervention...
September 5, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869291/the-client-as-the-expert-in-psychotherapy-what-clinicians-and-researchers-can-learn-about-treatment-processes-and-outcomes-from-psychotherapy-clients
#15
Joshua K Swift, Susannah R Parkin
Clients are frequently recognized as perhaps having the largest impact on the eventual success or failure of treatment; however, researchers and clinicians alike often give inadequate attention to clients' perspectives on psychotherapy processes and outcomes. Researchers who do examine client variables in psychotherapy often conduct research about the client rather than from the client. The purpose of this article is to introduce a special issue focused on the client's perspective in psychotherapy. Specifically, the articles in this issue present case studies and quantitative and qualitative research that seek to (a) demonstrate how to tailor interventions according to the client's perspective and (b) identify common themes in clients' perspectives about their experiences in psychotherapy...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866297/the-impact-of-personality-disorder-pathology-on-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-therapy-and-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Suzanne C van Bronswijk, Lotte H J M Lemmens, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Marcus J H Huibers, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk P M L Peeters
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research, there is no consensus how Personality Disorders (PD) and PD features affect outcome for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The present study evaluated the effects of PD (features) on treatment continuation and effectiveness in Cognitive Therapy (CT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) for MDD. METHODS: Depressed outpatients were randomized to CT (n=72) and IPT (n=74). Primary outcome was depression severity measured repeatedly with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) at baseline, three months, at the start of each therapy session, at post-treatment and monthly during five months follow-up...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863384/therapeutical-strategies-for-anxiety-and-anxiety-like-disorders-using-plant-derived-natural-compounds-and-plant-extracts
#17
REVIEW
Julia Fedotova, Peter Kubatka, Dietrich Büsselberg, Alexander G Shleikin, Martin Caprnda, Jozef Dragasek, Luis Rodrigo, Miroslav Pohanka, Iveta Gasparova, Vladimir Nosal, Radka Opatrilova, Tawar Qaradakhi, Anthony Zulli, Peter Kruzliak
Anxiety and anxiety-like disorders describe many mental disorders, yet fear is a common overwhelming symptom often leading to depression. Currently two basic strategies are discussed to treat anxiety: pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy. In the pharmacotherapeutical clinical approach, several conventional synthetic anxiolytic drugs are being used with several adverse effects. Therefore, studies to find suitable safe medicines from natural sources are being sought by researchers. The results of a plethora experimental studies demonstrated that dietary phytochemicals like alkaloids, terpenes, flavonoids, phenolic acids, lignans, cinnamates, and saponins or various plant extracts with the mixture of different phytochemicals possess anxiolytic effects in a wide range of animal models of anxiety...
August 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863304/is-therapist-evaluation-of-social-anxiety-avoidance-traits-associated-with-patient-reported-attachment-style
#18
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth
The Social Anxiety/Avoidance Scale was recently added to the Shedler Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP), and requires independent validation. This study used data drawn from a larger ongoing project in order to retrospectively examine its convergent validity with two self-report attachment measures: Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire-Revised (ECR-R). Fifty-two patients completed the RQ and the ECR-R before beginning psychotherapy treatment. Clinicians rated the patients on the SWAP after six sessions...
August 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860772/factors-associated-with-failure-to-achieve-remission-and-with-relapse-after-remission-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-perform-study
#19
Delphine Saragoussi, Maëlys Touya, Josep Maria Haro, Bengt Jönsson, Martin Knapp, Bastien Botrel, Ioana Florea, Henrik Loft, Benoît Rive
BACKGROUND: The Prospective Epidemiological Research on Functioning Outcomes Related to Major Depressive Disorder (PERFORM) study has been initiated to better understand the course of a depressive episode and its impact on patient functioning. This analysis aimed to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with failure to achieve remission at month 2 after initiating or switching antidepressant monotherapy and with subsequent relapse at month 6 for patients in remission at month 2...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858009/sleep-and-memory-mechanisms-and-implications-for-psychiatry
#20
Jonathan G Maier, Christoph Nissen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses current concepts on the relationship between sleep, memory formation and underlying neural refinements, with a particular focus on possible ways to use or modulate sleep in a targeted manner to augment psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: The most promising lines of research with regard to psychiatry and psychotherapy center on the targeted implementation or modulation of sleep to augment existing or create novel forms of treatment...
August 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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