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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768527/approaching-patients-with-hyperreflectivity-and-perplexity-an-empirical-qualitative-investigation
#1
Sidse Marie Arnfred, Paul Møller, Annette Sofie Davidsen
OBJECTIVE: Perplexity and hyperreflectivity are considered important aspects of self-disorders in patients with schizophrenia, yet knowledge of the appropriate psychotherapy for these patients is sparse. We aimed to explore how phenomenological psychologists or psychiatrists described their approach to these patients and their own emotional response when hyperreflectivity and perplexity emerged in therapy or consultations. METHODS: Four e-mail interviews with experienced clinical researchers within the field of phenomenology and schizophrenia were examined using a double hermeneutic qualitative analysis...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767550/effectiveness-of-adjunct-psychotherapy-for-cancer-treatment-a-review
#2
YokeYong Chen, Mahadir Ahmad
Psychotherapies were offered to alleviate psychological and physical symptoms; however, most psychological interventions were only delivered after cancer treatment. Newly diagnosed cancer patients experienced psychological distress while waiting for treatments. This review paper focused on randomized control trial studies, aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psychological intervention among newly diagnosed cancer patients. Eight randomized control trial papers were found in recent 10 years period through electronic database...
May 16, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764317/generatehope-a-comprehensive-treatment-model-for-sex-trafficked-women
#3
Susan Munsey, Heather E Miller, Terence Rugg
GenerateHope (GH) is a San Diego-based 501c3 nonprofit organization providing fully integrated, comprehensive rehabilitation services to adult female survivors of sex trafficking. While best practices for working with survivors of sex trafficking are slowly emerging, to date, there have been few publications on this subject and little data on either short- or long-term outcomes from the many and varied programs nationwide. This paper examines the GH residential program and provides early outcome results for residents living at the GH program between six and 12 months...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762862/stress-and-the-psyche-brain-immune-network-in-psychiatric-diseases-based-on-psychoneuroendocrineimmunology-a-concise-review
#4
REVIEW
Anna Giulia Bottaccioli, Francesco Bottaccioli, Andrea Minelli
In the last decades, psychoneuroendocrineimmunology research has made relevant contributions to the fields of neuroscience, psychobiology, epigenetics, molecular biology, and clinical research by studying the effect of stress on human health and highlighting the close interrelations between psyche, brain, and bodily systems. It is now well recognized that chronic stress can alter the physiological cross-talk between brain and biological systems, leading to long-lasting maladaptive effects (allostatic overload) on the nervous, immune, endocrine, and metabolic systems, which compromises stress resiliency and health...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761488/psychological-therapies-for-treatment-resistant-depression-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Philippa Davies, Catherine J Williams, David Kessler, Glyn Lewis, Nicola Wiles
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants are a first-line treatment for adults with moderate to severe major depression. However, many people prescribed antidepressants for depression don't respond fully to such medication, and little evidence is available to inform the most appropriate 'next step' treatment for such patients, who may be referred to as having treatment-resistant depression (TRD). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance suggests that the 'next step' for those who do not respond to antidepressants may include a change in the dose or type of antidepressant medication, the addition of another medication, or the start of psychotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755154/expectancies-working-alliance-and-outcome-in-transdiagnostic-and-single-diagnosis-treatment-for-anxiety-disorders-an-investigation-of-mediation
#6
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, James F Boswell, Kate H Bentley, Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Todd J Farchione, David H Barlow
Patients' outcome expectancies and the working alliance are two psychotherapy process variables that researchers have found to be associated with treatment outcome, irrespective of treatment approach and problem area. Despite this, little is known about the mechanisms accounting for this association, and whether contextual factors (e.g., psychotherapy type) impact the strength of these relationships. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether patient-rated working alliance quality mediates the relationship between outcome expectancies and pre- to post-treatment change in anxiety symptoms using data from a recent randomized clinical trial comparing a transdiagnostic treatment (the Unified Protocol [UP]; Barlow et al...
April 2018: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747714/equivalence-and-non-inferiority-testing-in-psychotherapy-research
#7
Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Ellen Driessen, Mark Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747712/remote-delivery-of-psychological-interventions-for-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Caitlin Swalwell, Nancy A Pachana, Nadeeka N Dissanayaka
ABSTRACTObjective:Over two-thirds of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients experience comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms, which adversely impact their quality of life and often require intervention. There is a preference for non-pharmacological, psychological approaches in addressing these symptoms. Given mobility limitations, travel burden, and cost, accessibility to psychological treatment can be problematic in this population. There has been a recent shift toward delivering care via telehealth in PD. Accordingly, this review aimed to examine remotely delivered psychological interventions for PD patients...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740361/-gold-standards-plurality-and-monocultures-the-need-for-diversity-in-psychotherapy
#9
Falk Leichsenring, Allan Abbass, Mark J Hilsenroth, Patrick Luyten, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Christiane Steinert
For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. CBT undoubtedly has its strengths and CBT researchers have to be credited for developing and testing treatments for many mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740358/the-comorbidity-between-internet-gaming-disorder-and-depression-interrelationship-and-neural-mechanisms
#10
Lu Liu, Yuan-Wei Yao, Chiang-Shan R Li, Jin-Tao Zhang, Cui-Cui Xia, Jing Lan, Shan-Shan Ma, Nan Zhou, Xiao-Yi Fang
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is characterized by cognitive and emotional deficits. Previous studies have reported the co-occurrence of IGD and depression. However, extant brain imaging research has largely focused on cognitive deficits in IGD. Few studies have addressed the comorbidity between IGD and depression symptoms and underlying neural mechanisms. Here, we systematically investigated this issue by combining a longitudinal survey study, a cross-sectional resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) study and an intervention study...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739529/where-is-the-evidence-for-evidence-based-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Jonathan Shedler
The term evidence-based therapy is a de facto code word for manualized therapy, most often brief cognitive behavior therapy and its variants. It is widely asserted that "evidence-based" therapy is scientifically proven, superior to other forms of psychotherapy, and the gold standard of care. Research findings do not support such assertions. Research on evidence-based therapies demonstrates that they are weak treatments. They have not shown superiority to other forms of psychotherapy, few patients get well, and treatment benefits do not last...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734225/evidenced-based-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-updated-review-of-validated-psychotherapeutic-and-pharmacological-approaches
#12
Meredith E Charney, Samantha N Hellberg, Eric Bui, Naomi M Simon
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic approaches to treating patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. ABSTRACT: A strong evidence base exists for psychological and pharmacological interventions for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The published literature investigating the effectiveness of these treatments in reducing the symptoms and impairments associated with PTSD has expanded substantially in recent years...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732618/the-evolution-of-transgender-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Anna Zurada, Sonja Salandy, Wallisa Roberts, Jerzy Gielecki, Justine Schober, Marios Loukas
An estimated 1.4% of the population worldwide has been diagnosed with Gender Dysphoria, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Gender reassignment, which holistically encompasses psychotherapy, hormonal therapy and genital and nongenital surgeries, is considered the most effective treatment for transgender non-conforming patients afflicted with gender dysphoria. Little research is currently available identifying the psychosocial needs of the transgender population and their access to preventative and primary care during this transitioning process...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730874/psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-working-alliance-inventory-short-form
#14
I Volkan Gülüm, Sait Uluç, Gonca Soygüt
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to build and examine the Turkish Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) short form which was originally developed by Horvath and Greenberg (1989) based on Bordin's pan-theoretical conceptualization of therapeutic alliance. METHOD: The Hacettepe University Psychotherapy Research Laboratory data set which included the masters's or doctoral level clinical psychology practitioners- patient pairs (83 sessions from 58 therapist and 83 patient). Short forms (e...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725198/development-and-preliminary-feasibility-study-of-a-brief-behavioral-activation-mobile-application-behavioral-apptivation-to-be-used-in-conjunction-with-ongoing-therapy
#15
Jennifer Dahne, Jacob Kustanowitz, C W Lejuez
Depressive symptoms are the most frequently treated psychiatric condition in the United States. Brief behavioral activation treatment for depression (BATD) is a popular, evidence-based psychotherapy with strong research support for the treatment of depression. In this paper, we describe the development and initial pilot feasibility testing of a BATD mobile application (Behavioral Apptivation) to be used by patients and therapists in conjunction with BATD therapy. We present information regarding the app development process as well as results from a small open-label feasibility trial of the app utilized in conjunction with individual BATD...
February 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722105/a-therapist-version-of-the-alliance-negotiation-scale
#16
Jennifer M Doran, Juan Martín Gómez-Penedo, Jeremy D Safran, Andrés Roussos
The aim of the current study was to design and evaluate a therapist version of the Alliance Negotiation Scale (ANS). The ANS was created in order to operationalize the construct of dyadic negotiation in psychotherapy and to augment existing conceptualizations of the working alliance. The ANS has existed only as a client self-report form since its inception and has demonstrated promise as a psychotherapy process measure. This research intended to develop a complementary therapist self-report version of the measure...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719093/interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-mood-and-behavior-dysregulation-pilot-randomized-trial
#17
Leslie Miller, Stefanie A Hlastala, Laura Mufson, Ellen Leibenluft, Gayane Yenokyan, Mark Riddle
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic irritability and excessive reactivity, diagnosed as disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), have social impairment in multiple settings (i.e., peers, school, and home). This paper presents a pilot randomized trial assessing the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for mood and behavior dysregulation (IPT-MBD), an adapted version of IPT for depressed adolescents. IPT-MBD focuses on decreasing outbursts and irritability and improving interpersonal interactions...
May 2, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717527/cultural-adaptation-of-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-cst-for-chinese-people-with-dementia-multicentre-pilot-study
#18
Gloria H Y Wong, Olive P L Yek, Anna Y Zhang, Terry Y S Lum, Aimee Spector
OBJECTIVE: Ageing of the Chinese population will drive a continued surge in dementia prevalence. Empirically tested non-pharmacological interventions developed in western cultures may be implemented in Chinese. Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) that originated in the UK has proven benefits on cognition and quality of life in people with dementia. We investigated the feasibility and cultural appropriateness of CST in Hong Kong Chinese (CST-HK). METHODS: Mixed methods research was conducted following the formative method for adapting psychotherapy...
June 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717483/neurocognitive-functioning-over-the-course-of-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-ptsd-changes-in-verbal-memory-and-executive-functioning
#19
Mirjam J Nijdam, Irene J M Martens, Johannes B Reitsma, Berthold P R Gersons, Miranda Olff
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change. DESIGN: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. METHODS: Trauma survivors (n = 88) diagnosed with PTSD received trauma-focused psychotherapy within a 17-week randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705474/acupuncture-and-electroacupuncture-for-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-research
#20
REVIEW
Diogo Amorim, José Amado, Irma Brito, Sónia M Fiuza, Nicole Amorim, Cristina Costeira, Jorge Machado
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental health concerns with a major contribution to the global burden of disease. When not treated, anxiety can be aggravated to more serious and complicated health problems. Pharmacology and psychotherapy stand for the conventional treatment for anxiety disorders but these present limited efficacy, especially in the case of chronic anxiety, with high relapse rates and often causing adverse side effects. Clinical research studies render acupuncture as a valid treatment therapy for anxiety disorders without significant adverse effects...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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