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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911347/smartphone-applications-for-immersive-virtual-reality-therapy-for-internet-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder
#1
Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
There have been rapid advances in technologies over the past decade and virtual reality technology is an area which is increasingly utilized as a healthcare intervention in many disciplines including that of Medicine, Surgery and Psychiatry. In Psychiatry, most of the current interventions involving the usage of virtual reality technology is limited to its application for anxiety disorders. With the advances in technology, Internet addiction and Internet gaming disorders are increasingly prevalent. To date, these disorders are still being treated using conventional psychotherapy methods such as cognitive behavioural therapy...
November 25, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901214/predictors-of-response-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-depression
#3
Andre G Bastos, Luciano S Guimarães, Clarissa M Trentini
Objective: To identify neurocognitive and sociodemographic variables that could be associated with clinical response to three modalities of treatment for depression, as well as variables that predicted superior response to one treatment over the others. Method: The present study derives from a research project in which depressed patients (n=272) received one of three treatments - long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (n=90), fluoxetine therapy (n=91), or a combination thereof (n=91) - over a 24-month period...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898280/what-defense-mechanisms-do-therapists-interpret-in-session
#4
Maneet Bhatia, Jonathan Petraglia, Yves de Roten, Elisabeth Banon, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Martin Drapeau
One of the key technical guidelines outlined by psychodynamic theorists and clinicians is for therapists to interpret a patient's most prominent defenses (Greenson, 1967; Langs, 1973). However, a debate exists about what constitutes a patient's most prominent defense and which defenses therapists actually choose to interpret in-session. This study aimed to shed light on this debate by examining 35 psychotherapy sessions (18 high alliance and 17 low alliance dyads) of individuals in therapy at a university counselling center...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893345/quo-vadis-the-future-of-psychoanalysis
#5
Mauricio Cortina
Although contemporary psychoanalysis is split into different schools and traditions, there is growing support for some of the main tenets of contemporary psychodynamic thinking from attachment theory, infant research, developmental psychopathology, new models of motivation, the neuroscience of emotions and emotional regulation, and the discovery of different implicit and explicit memory systems. These tenets, which psychodynamic clinicians of all stripes encounter in their daily work with clients, are the following: (1) that large footprints are left over from infancy and childhood which involved insensitive, intrusive, frightening, or shaming care; (2) the carryover of these relational experiences into adulthood are expressed as unconscious expectations and attributions we make of others (transference and countertransference; (3) defensive processes and emotional regulation and deregulatory patterns develop to cope with these unhealthy relations...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893150/client-accounts-of-corrective-experiences-in-psychotherapy-implications-for-clinical-practice
#6
Lynne Angus, Michael J Constantino
The Patient Perceptions of Corrective Experiences in Individual Therapy (PPCEIT; Constantino, Angus, Friedlander, Messer, & Moertl, 2011) posttreatment interview guide was developed to provide clinical researchers with an effective mode of inquiry to identify and further explore clients' firsthand accounts of corrective and transformative therapy experiences and their determinants. Not only do findings from the analysis of client corrective experience (CE) accounts help identify what and how CEs happen in or as a result of psychotherapy, but the measure itself may also provide therapists with an effective tool to further enhance clients' awareness, understanding, and integration of transformative change experiences...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889374/-consumption-of-cannabis-in-adolescents
#7
O Phan, I Obradovic, A Har
Over the past 10 years, the consumption of cannabis among adolescents has dramatically increased. Today, adolescent cannabis use is a major public health problem. Two forms of cannabis are commonly smoked: herb (marijuana) and resin. These forms have a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol, the active molecule of cannabis. Recent research has helped understand how the cannabinoid system works. This system combines specific receptors and specific molecules: the endocannabinoids. The effects of cannabis use are now well documented...
November 23, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879998/patients-perceptions-of-corrective-experiences-in-naturalistically-delivered-psychotherapy
#8
Michael J Constantino, Nicholas R Morrison, Alice E Coyne, Brien J Goodwin, Gennarina D Santorelli, Lynne Angus
Corrective experiences (CEs), which suggest transformative experience(s) for the psychotherapy patient, have a rich theoretical history; yet there is little empirical information on patients' own perceptions of what gets "corrected" from therapy, and what is "corrective" (i.e., the mechanisms driving the CE). To address this gap, we investigated 14 patients' posttreatment accounts of both CE elements in the context of naturalistically delivered individual psychotherapy, using a consensual qualitative research methodology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879991/clients-retrospective-accounts-of-corrective-experiences-in-psychotherapy-an-international-multisite-collaboration
#9
Michael J Constantino, Lynne Angus
This article introduces a series of 4 original research reports that used varied qualitative methods for understanding an internationally diverse sample of clients' own accounts of corrective experiences (CEs), as they looked back on their completed psychotherapy. The basis for all studies, which were conducted across 4 different countries, was the Patients' Perceptions of Corrective Experiences in Individual Therapy (PPCEIT) semistructured interview protocol (Constantino, Angus, Friedlander, Messer, & Moertl, 2011)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879650/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-overview-of-evidence-based-assessment-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Cynthia L Lancaster, Jenni B Teeters, Daniel F Gros, Sudie E Back
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic psychological disorder that can develop after exposure to a traumatic event. This review summarizes the literature on the epidemiology, assessment, and treatment of PTSD. We provide a review of the characteristics of PTSD along with associated risk factors, and describe brief, evidence-based measures that can be used to screen for PTSD and monitor symptom changes over time. In regard to treatment, we highlight commonly used, evidence-based psychotherapies and pharmacotherapies for PTSD...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873290/aims-and-structure-of-the-german-research-consortium-bipolife-for-the-study-of-bipolar-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Philipp S Ritter, Felix Bermpohl, Oliver Gruber, Martin Hautzinger, Andreas Jansen, Georg Juckel, Tilo Kircher, Martin Lambert, Christoph Mulert, Andrea Pfennig, Andreas Reif, Otto Rienhoff, Thomas G Schulze, Emanuel Severus, Thomas Stamm, Michael Bauer
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a severe and heterogeneous mental disorder. Despite great advances in neuroscience over the past decades, the precise causative mechanisms at the transmitter, cellular or network level have so far not been unraveled. As a result, individual treatment decisions cannot be tailor-made and the uncertain prognosis is based on clinical characteristics alone. Although a subpopulation of patients have an excellent response to pharmacological monotherapy, other subpopulations have been less well served by the medical system and therefore require more focused attention...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870657/health-care-utilization-and-cost-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-analysis-of-health-care-claims-data-one-year-before-and-after-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-treatment
#12
Ann-Kristin Ruhe, Michael Frosch, Julia Wager, Roland Linder, Ingo Pfenning, Dirk Sauerland, Boris Zernikow
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze changes in health care utilization and cost among a sample of highly impaired children and adolescents who sought a three-week intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Claims data from seven statutory health insurance companies were analyzed for 65 children and adolescents who sought IIPT at the German Paediatric Pain Centre. The annual health care utilization and cost were determined for the following four areas: outpatient care, inpatient care, medications, and remedies and aids...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870579/evidence-base-update-of-psychosocial-treatments-for-child-and-adolescent-depression
#13
V Robin Weersing, Megan Jeffreys, Minh-Chau T Do, Karen T G Schwartz, Carl Bolano
Depression in youth is prevalent and disabling and tends to presage a chronic and recurrent course of illness and impairment in adulthood. Clinical trial research in youth depression has a 30-year history, and evidence-based treatment reviews appeared in 1998 and 2008. The current review of 42 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) updates these reviews to include RCTs published between 2008 and 2014 (N = 14) and reevaluates previously reviewed literature. Given the growing maturity of the field, this review utilized a stringent set of methodological criteria for trial inclusion, most notable for excluding trials based in subclinical samples of youth that had been included in previous reviews (N = 12) and including well-designed RCTs with null and negative findings (N = 8)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869472/patients-affective-processes-within-initial-experiential-dynamic-therapy-sessions
#14
Katie Aafjes-van Doorn, Peter Lilliengren, Angela Cooper, James Macdonald, Fredrik Falkenström
Research has indicated that patients' in-session experience of previously avoided affects may be important for effective psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate patients' in-session levels of affect experiencing in relation to their corresponding levels of insight, motivation, and inhibitory affects in initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy (EDT) sessions. Four hundred sixty-six 10-min video segments from 31 initial sessions were rated using the Achievement of Therapeutic Objectives Scale. A series of multilevel growth models, controlling for between-therapist variability, were estimated to predict patients' adaptive affect experiencing (Activating Affects) across session segments...
November 21, 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869470/terminating-supervision
#15
Alytia A Levendosky, Christopher J Hopwood
The focus of this paper is on the termination of clinical supervision. Although clinical supervision is considered the backbone of most mental health training programs, it gets relatively little theoretical or empirical attention. The termination of supervision has received even less attention. In this paper, we describe an approach to terminating supervision in our treatment team, which integrates intensive assessment with a relational perspective in a clinical science training program (Levendosky & Hopwood, 2016)...
November 21, 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857509/preventing-adolescent-social-anxiety-and-depression-and-reducing-peer-victimization-intervention-development-and-open-trial
#16
Annette M La Greca, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Laura Mufson, Sherilynn Chan
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depression are common among adolescents, frequently comorbid, and resistant to change. Prevention programs for adolescent SAD are scant, and depression prevention programs do not fully address peer-risk factors. One critical peer-risk factor for SAD and depression is peer victimization. We describe the development and initial evaluation of a transdiagnostic school-based preventive intervention for adolescents with elevated symptoms of social anxiety and/or depression and elevated peer victimization...
December 2016: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855544/three-narrative-based-coding-systems-innovative-moments-ambivalence-and-ambivalence-resolution
#17
Miguel M Gonçalves, António P Ribeiro, Inês Mendes, Daniela Alves, Joana Silva, Catarina Rosa, Cátia Braga, João Batista, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, João Tiago Oliveira
Narrative and dialogical perspectives suggest that personal meaning systems' flexibility is an important resource for change in psychotherapy. Drawn from these theoretical backgrounds, a research program focused on the identification of Innovative Moments (IMs)-exceptions to the inflexible meaning systems present in psychopathological suffering-has been carried out. For this purpose, three process-oriented coding systems were developed: The IMs Coding System, the Ambivalence Coding System, and the Ambivalence Resolution Coding System...
November 18, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832676/editorial-to-child-and-adolescence-psychopharmacology
#18
G Juckel
The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, and bipolar disorder frequently require pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents...
November 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831738/correction-to-krupnick-et-al-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "An Internet-Based Writing Intervention for PTSD in Veterans: A Feasibility and Pilot Effectiveness Trial" by Janice L. Krupnick, Bonnie L. Green, Richard Amdur, Adil Aloui, Anas Beloui, Erika Roberge, David Cueva, Miguel Roberts, Elizabeth Melnikoff and Mary Ann Dutton (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, Sep 8, 2016, np). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-43134-001.) Objective: Veterans suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may avoid or fail to follow through with a full course of face-to-face mental health treatment for a variety of reasons...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831697/therapeutic-alliance-and-treatment-outcome-in-the-outpatient-treatment-of-urban-adolescents-the-role-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#20
Laurel A Mattos, Adam T Schmidt, Craig E Henderson, Aaron Hogue
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits designate a unique subset of youth with externalizing psychopathology who have a severe pattern of aggressive behavior and tend to have worse outcomes in treatment. However, little research has addressed how CU traits relate to different components of psychotherapy, such as the therapeutic alliance. The current study examined the role of CU traits in predicting therapeutic alliance in 59 adolescents (M age = 15.3, 51% female, 64% Hispanic American, 15% African American) who were part of a larger randomized naturalistic trial of outpatient behavioral psychotherapy...
November 10, 2016: Psychotherapy
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