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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#1
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219458/adherence-rating-scale-for-cognitive-processing-therapy-cognitive-only-analysis-of-psychometric-properties
#2
Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Patricia A Resick, Jana Gutermann, Ulrich Stangier, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Petra Ludäscher, Julia Herzog, Regina Steil
BACKGROUND: The assessment of therapeutic adherence is essential for accurately interpreting treatment outcomes in psychotherapy research. However, such assessments are often neglected. AIMS: To fill this gap, we aimed to develop and test a scale that assessed therapeutic adherence to Cognitive Processing Therapy - Cognitive Only (CPT), which was adapted for a treatment study targeting patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and co-occurring borderline personality symptoms...
February 21, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214073/older-adults-with-ptsd-brief-state-of-research-and-evidence-based-psychotherapy-case-illustration
#3
Joan M Cook, Elissa McCarthy, Steven R Thorp
Although lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events among older adults is fairly high, rates of full-blown post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are estimated at about 4.5%, a rate lower than that for middle-aged and young adults. Nevertheless, PTSD seems to be an under-recognized and under-treated condition in older adults. Assessment and treatment can be challenging in this population for various reasons, including potential cognitive or sensory decline and comorbid mental and physical disorders. This article provides highlights of the empirical research on PTSD in late life, including information on its effects on cognition and physical health...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203209/personality-psychopathology-and-psychotherapy-a-pre-specified-analysis-protocol-for-confirmatory-research-on-personality-psychopathology-associations-in-psychotherapy-outpatients
#4
Michael P Hengartner, Misa Yamanaka-Altenstein
The role of personality trait variation in psychopathology and its influence on the outcome of psychotherapy is a burgeoning field. However, thus far most findings were based on controlled clinical trials that may only poorly represent real-world clinical settings due to highly selective samples mostly restricted to patients with major depression undergoing antidepressive medication. Focusing on personality and psychopathology in a representative naturalistic sample of psychotherapy patients is therefore worthwhile...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194599/common-factors-in-community-mental-health-intervention-a-scoping-review
#5
Sean A Kidd, Larry Davidson, Kwame McKenzie
While there is considerable research and commentary devoted to common factors in psychotherapy, their implications for community mental health interventions are much less clear. In response, a scoping review was conducted to answer the question, 'What is the evidence base for common factors in community mental health intervention?' A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar was completed. A total of 60 publications were identified in this review with a focus primarily upon therapeutic alliance...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193851/individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-combined-treatments-versus-psychotherapy-with-or-without-pill-placebo-pharmacotherapy-or-pill-placebo-for-adult-depression-a-protocol
#6
Erica Weitz, Annet Kleiboer, Annemieke van Straten, Steven D Hollon, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: There are many proven treatments (psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy or their combination) for the treatment of depression. Although there is growing evidence for the effectiveness of combination treatment (psychotherapy + pharmacotherapy) over pharmacotherapy alone, psychotherapy alone or psychotherapy plus pill placebo, for depression, little is known about which specific groups of patients may respond best to combined treatment versus monotherapy. Conventional meta-analyses techniques have limitations when tasked with examining whether specific individual characteristics moderate the effect of treatment on depression...
February 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186381/psychiatric-and-psychological-aspects-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#7
Antonio Bulbena, Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Andrea Bulbena-Cabré, Guillem Pailhez, Hugo Critchley, Pradeep Chopra, Nuria Mallorquí-Bagué, Charissa Frank, Stephen Porges
There is increasing amount of evidence pointing toward a high prevalence of psychiatric conditions among individuals with hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (JHS/hEDS). A literature review confirms a strong association between anxiety disorders and JHSh/hEDS, and there is also limited but growing evidence that JHSh/hEDS is also associated with depression, eating, and neuro-developmental disorders as well as alcohol and tobacco misuse. The underlying mechanisms behind this association include genetic risks, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, increased exteroceptive and interoceptive mechanisms and decreased proprioception...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183072/alternative-therapies-for-excoriation-skin-picking-disorder-a-brief-update
#8
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Jorge Villalba
Context • Excoriation (skin picking) disorder is characterized by the need or urge to pick, scratch, pinch, touch, rub, scrub, squeeze, bite, or dig the skin, and it can be a perplexing condition for the inexperienced physician. Treatments include pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and alternative therapies. Alternative therapies for excoriation disorder and other body-focused repetitive behaviors include yoga, aerobic exercise, acupuncture, biofeedback, hypnosis, and inositol and N-acetylcysteine, among others...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166861/effect-of-dignity-therapy-on-end-of-life-psychological-distress-in-terminally-ill-portuguese-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Miguel Julião, Fátima Oliveira, Baltazar Nunes, António Vaz Carneiro, António Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Dignity therapy (DT) is a brief form of psychotherapy developed for patients living with a life-limiting illness that has demonstrated efficacy in treating several dimensions of end-of-life psychological distress. Our aim was to determine the influence of DT on demoralization syndrome (DS), the desire for death (DfD), and a sense of dignity (SoD) in terminally ill inpatients experiencing a high level of distress in a palliative care unit. METHOD: A nonblinded phase II randomized controlled trial was conducted with 80 patients who were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the intervention group (DT + standard palliative care [SPC]) or the control group (SPC alone)...
February 7, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164290/supportive-psychotherapy-or-client-education-alongside-surgical-procedures-to-correct-complications-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Olukayode Abayomi, Moriam T Chibuzor, Babasola O Okusanya, Ekpereonne Esu, Edward Odey, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Supportive psychotherapy, in individual or group settings, may help improve surgical outcomes for women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM). OBJECTIVES: To assess whether supportive psychotherapy given alongside surgical procedures to correct complications of FGM improves clinical outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched major databases including CENTRAL, Medline, African Index Medicus, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, and others...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159142/group-psychotherapy-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults-evidence-based-practice-applications
#11
REVIEW
Nicholas C Heck
Although there are descriptions of transgender-affirmative group psychotherapy services in the literature, there is limited research on the topic. Mental health professionals who plan to offer such services should draw on evidence-based treatments, where appropriate, and have a working knowledge of current standards of care, practice guidelines, and counseling competencies. This article reviews and synthesizes the existing research and scholarship on this topic, placing an emphasis on group-specific competencies and intervention components that can be integrated into psychotherapy groups for transgender and gender nonconforming clients...
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152200/population-based-cost-offset-analyses-for-disorder-specific-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-germany
#12
Katharina Bode, Nina Maria Götz von Olenhusen, Eva-Maria Wunsch, Sören Kliem, Christoph Kröger
Previous research has shown that anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are expensive illnesses to treat. To reduce their economic burden, adequate interventions need to be established. Our objective was to conduct cost-offset analyses for evidence-based treatment of eating disorders using outcome data from a psychotherapy trial involving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT) for AN and a trial involving CBT for BN. Assuming a currently running, ideal healthcare system using a 12-month, prevalence-based approach and varying the willingness to participate in treatment, we investigated whether the potential financial benefits of AN- and BN-related treatment outweigh the therapy costs at the population level...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150952/prognosis-moderates-the-engagement-outcome-relationship-in-unguided-ccbt-for-depression-a-proof-of-concept-for-the-prognosis-moderation-hypothesis
#13
Nicholas R Forand, Marcus J H Huibers, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how treatments work is a goal of psychotherapy research, however the strength of relationships between therapy processes and outcomes is inconsistent. DeRubeis, Cohen, et al. (2014) proposed that process-outcome relationships are moderated by patient characteristics. These "patient response patterns" (PRPs) indicate individuals' responsiveness to the active ingredients of treatment. Given the same quality of therapy, one individual may receive more benefit than another depending on their PRP...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135807/special-population-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy
#14
George Halasz
OBJECTIVES: First, to outline the paradigm change of the past 20 years that has transformed the theory and practice of child and adolescent psychodynamic psychotherapy; second, to update aspects of the current Practice Parameters for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children to align with the paradigm change driven by the principles of regulation theory, relational trauma and repair, and the critical need for clinicians' self-care in trauma informed psychotherapy. CONCLUSION: The emerging neuroscience-driven paradigm of psychotherapy poses challenges for the child and adolescent psychotherapist: to embrace the new conceptual reference points as organising principles leads to an urgent need to rethink traditional diagnostic formulations and time-honoured techniques for intervention...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131930/the-approach-to-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-in-epilepsy-surgery-centers-regarding-diagnosis-treatment-and-education
#15
Kette D Valente, Luciano De Paola, Andre Palmini, Eduardo Faveret, Gerardo Maria de Araujo-Filho, Helio van der Linden, Marino M Bianchin, Roger Walz, Rudá Alessi, Tonicarlo Velasco, Wagner A Teixeira, W Curt LaFrance
Previous studies, using surveys, provided an understanding about how health-care providers address patients with PNES. To date, there is limited information on the management of patients with PNES by tertiary referral centers for epilepsy. In this study, we surveyed 11 Brazilian epilepsy center directors about diagnosis, treatment, education and research on PNES. Respondents reported that patients with PNES represented 10-20% of all adult patients recorded by video-EEG (VEEG). All respondents recognized VEEG as the method to confirm the diagnosis, and 81...
January 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126372/emotion-regulation-related-neural-predictors-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-response-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#16
Heide Klumpp, Julia Roberts, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, James J Gross, Luan K Phan
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by aberrant prefrontal activity during reappraisal, an adaptive cognitive approach aimed at downregulating the automatic response evoked by a negative event. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is first-line psychotherapy for SAD, however, many remain symptomatic after treatment indicating baseline individual differences in neurofunctional activity may factor into CBT outcome. An emotion regulation strategy practiced in CBT is cognitive restructuring, a proxy for reappraisal...
January 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126022/differences-in-motivation-and-adherence-to-a-prescribed-assignment-after-face-to-face-and-online-psychoeducation-an-experimental-study
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sven Alfonsson, Karin Johansson, Jonas Uddling, Timo Hursti
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment homework is associated with positive outcomes in behavioral psychotherapy but compliance to assignments is still often moderate. Whether adherence can be predicted by different types of motivation for the task and whether motivation plays different roles in face-to-face compared to online psychotherapy is unknown. If models of motivation, such as Self-determination theory, can be used to predict patients' behavior, it may facilitate further research into homework promotion...
January 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125952/narrative-measures-in-psychotherapy-research-introducing-the-special-section
#18
Miguel M Gonçalves, Lynne Angus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125305/a-systematic-literature-review-of-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-prolonged-symptoms-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Kjersti Bergersen, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Einar Aagaard Tryti, Solveig Isabel Taylor, Alexander Olsen
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are the most common of traumatic brain injuries and patients often experience a wide range of symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, sleep problems and subjective cognitive deficits. While most symptomatic patients recover quickly, a sub-group of ~ 10-20% of patients experience prolonged symptoms. There is currently a lack of evidence-based treatment for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychotherapeutic interventions specifically for patients with prolonged symptoms (> 3 months after injury) after mTBI...
January 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125252/change-in-self-reported-personality-during-major-depressive-disorder-treatment-a-reanalysis-of-treatment-studies-from-a-demoralization-perspective
#20
Arjen Noordhof, Jan H Kamphuis, Martin Sellbom, Annemarie Eigenhuis, R Michael Bagby
Change in self-reported personality trait scores (especially Neuroticism and Extraversion) over the course of treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) has been robustly demonstrated. We believe that these observed changes on personality trait scales may reflect reduction in demoralization rather than changes in personality per se. Data were combined from 3 archival samples: a randomized clinical trial and 2 naturalistic follow-up studies. All participants (N = 300) received either psychotherapy or psychopharmacological treatment...
January 26, 2017: Personality Disorders
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