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Psychotherapy research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#1
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147729/regulation-of-human-research-with-lsd-in-the-united-states-1949-1987
#2
REVIEW
Katherine R Bonson
Human research with hallucinogens such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) has been ongoing in the USA since 1949. During the 1960s, LSD was investigated for a variety of psychiatric indications, including the following: as an aid in treatment of schizophrenia; as a means of creating a "model psychosis"; as a direct antidepressant; and as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Studies with all drugs, including LSD, have always been conducted under federal regulatory controls, including the 1938 Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA; which ensured the safety of drugs) and the 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendments to the FDCA (which described appropriate scientific methodology and ensured drug efficacy)...
November 17, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141523/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy-research
#3
Nick Midgley, Claudia Capella, Geoff Goodman, Adriana Lis, Marc Noom, Orya Tishby, Katharina Weitkamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131333/examining-the-characteristics-and-clinical-features-of-in-and-between-session-suicide-risk-assessments-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#4
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Megan L Rogers, Julia L Sheffler, Katherine R Nelson, Thomas E Joiner, Elisabeth Schramm
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of suicide risk assessments completed using the Decision Tree framework both in and between psychotherapy sessions, clinical features of patients for whom between-session assessments are indicated, and data collected across assessments. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,358 suicide risk assessments conducted with psychiatric outpatients (N = 41) at elevated suicide risk engaged in care at a psychology training clinic...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126911/why-mdma-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-why-now
#5
REVIEW
Ben Sessa
Alcohol use disorder represents a serious clinical, social and personal burden on its sufferers and a significant financial strain on society. Current treatments, both psychological and pharmacological are poor, with high rates of relapse after medical detoxification and dedicated treatment programs. The earliest historical roots of psychedelic drug-assisted psychotherapy in the 1950s were associated with Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)-assisted psychotherapy to treat what was then called, alcoholism. But results were varied and psychedelic therapy with LSD and other 'classical' psychedelics fell out of favour in the wake of socio-political pressures and cultural changes...
November 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126341/-acceptance-of-online-based-therapy-by-patients-with-light-to-moderate-depressive-disorders
#6
Christoph Dockweiler, Anna Kupitz, Claudia Hornberg
Objectives Over the past few years, there has been a considerable increase in online-based therapeutic services for people affected by depressive disorders. The efficacy and efficiency of these programmes is well documented by now. User acceptance is considered as a significant factor of success in establishing this new patient-centered care. Theory-based acceptance surveys can provide valuable scientific knowledge regarding long-term introduction. Methods A nationwide online survey was conducted to determine the attitude towards web-based psychotherapy services for depressive disorders, the current state of knowledge and the intention of 186 participants (124 female and 62 male participants; aged 21 and above) to use these services...
November 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#7
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120916/impulsivity-in-personality-disorders-current-views-and-future-directions
#8
Catherine McHugh, Sivasankaran Balaratnasingam
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Impulsivity is considered a trans-diagnostic feature of many mental disorders, yet our understanding of the concept and approaches to measurement have evolved significantly with advances in neuroimaging. This review will provide an overview of impulsivity as it is currently understood, its association with personality disorder and implications for treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Impulsivity is now considered to involve failure of inhibitory control, either motor or cognitive, and deficits of the reward valuation system...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120667/listening-to-a-patient-an-exploratory-experimental-investigation-into-the-effects-of-vocalization-and-therapist-gender-on-interpreting-clinical-material
#9
Barry Dauphin, Stacey Halverson, Sarah Pouliot, Linda Slowik
Carefully listening to the patient is of paramount importance for psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy. The present study explored whether patient vocalization as well as the gender of the analyst play significant roles in clinical listening. Fifty-one psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic therapists were randomly assigned to listen to one of two dramatized psychoanalytic sessions. The content of the sessions was the same for both versions, but the sessions were dramatized differently. Some differences emerged between the versions, especially on ratings of reality testing, impulse control, pressured speech, patient was confusing, and awareness of imagery...
November 9, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#10
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119874/using-helping-skills-with-korean-clients-the-perspectives-of-korean-counselors
#11
Eunsun Joo, Clara E Hill, Young Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how Korean counselors modify the helping skills they learned during training in their work with Korean clients. METHOD: Thirteen practicing Korean therapists who had taken two master's level courses in the Hill helping skills model were interviewed about their experiences in applying the model in their work with clients. Data were analyzed using consensual qualitative research (CQR). RESULTS: Several characteristics were noted of Korean clients that might influence the appropriateness of the helping skills model (e...
November 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119217/psilocybin-with-psychological-support-for-treatment-resistant-depression-six-month-follow-up
#12
R L Carhart-Harris, M Bolstridge, C M J Day, J Rucker, R Watts, D E Erritzoe, M Kaelen, B Giribaldi, M Bloomfield, S Pilling, J A Rickard, B Forbes, A Feilding, D Taylor, H V Curran, D J Nutt
RATIONALE: Recent clinical trials are reporting marked improvements in mental health outcomes with psychedelic drug-assisted psychotherapy. OBJECTIVES: Here, we report on safety and efficacy outcomes for up to 6 months in an open-label trial of psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression. METHODS: Twenty patients (six females) with (mostly) severe, unipolar, treatment-resistant major depression received two oral doses of psilocybin (10 and 25 mg, 7 days apart) in a supportive setting...
November 8, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098681/summary-and-prospect
#13
Zhengde Wei, Xueli Chen, Xiaochu Zhang
In this chapter, the main content is to summarize the similarities and differences between substance and non-substance addictions in several aspects, involving definition, mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment. We try to display the complete picture of addictions in a brief but comprehensive way. Mechanism includes molecule and neural circuit, genetics, neuroimaging and cognitive psychology; diagnosis includes diagnostic criterion, diagnostic scales, biochemical diagnosis and new diagnostic techniques; treatment includes drug therapy, physical therapy, traditional Chinese medical therapy, nutrition support therapy, psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095538/the-impact-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-rates-of-return-to-psychotherapy-for-depression
#14
John E Zeber, Karen J Coleman, Heidi Fischer, Tae K Yoon, Brian K Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Samuel Hubley, Zac E Imel, Rebecca C Rossom, Susan M Shortreed, Christine Stewart, Beth E Waitzfelder, Greg E Simon
BACKGROUND: There are many limitations with the evidence base for the role of race and ethnicity in continuation of psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 242,765 patients ≥ 18 years old from six healthcare systems in the Mental Health Research Network (MHRN) who had a new episode of psychotherapy treatment for depression between 1/1/2010 and 12/31/2013. Data were from electronic medical records and organized in a Virtual Data Warehouse (VDW)...
November 2, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092836/invited-commentary-on-%C3%A2-confusing-procedures-with-process-in-cognitive-bias-modification-research-%C3%A2
#15
Ioana A Cristea, Robin N Kok, Pim Cuijpers
The notion that cognitive bias modification should be appraised exclusively on the basis of trials where its postulated mechanisms were successfully changed starkly contradicts the standards of evidence-based psychotherapy. In the laboratory or as a treatment, cognitive bias modification cannot continue to eschew the rigorous scrutiny applied to other interventions.
November 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092807/mobile-phone-use-in-psychiatry-residents-in-the-united-states-multisite-cross-sectional-survey-study
#16
Shih Gipson, John Torous, Robert Boland, Erich Conrad
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology ownership in the general US population and medical professionals is increasing, leading to increased use in clinical settings. However, data on use of mobile technology by psychiatry residents remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our aim was to provide data on how psychiatric residents use mobile phones in their clinical education as well as barriers relating to technology use. METHODS: An anonymous, multisite survey was given to psychiatry residents in 2 regions in the United States, including New Orleans and Boston, to understand their technology use...
November 1, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089146/a-comprehensive-review-of-research-on-functional-analytic-psychotherapy
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan W Kanter, Katherine E Manbeck, Adam M Kuczynski, Daniel W M Maitland, Alessandra Villas-Bôas, Michel A Reyes Ortega
Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP; Kohlenberg & Tsai, 1991) is a transdiagnostic approach to outpatient psychotherapy that presented guidelines to instantiate the behavioral principle of natural, social reinforcement applied to idiographic behavioral targets within a genuine and authentic psychotherapy relationship. We present the first comprehensive review of research on FAP, including qualitative studies, uncontrolled and controlled single-case designs, group designs, and studies on training therapists in FAP...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084191/therapy-of-a-couple-with-a-bipolar-spouse
#18
Andrzej Witusik, Tadeusz Pietras
Qualitative analysis of therapy of a couple with a partner who has bipolar disorder is an important research paradigm in contemporary psychotherapy of mental disorders.The qualitative method of the study is important both from the cognitive point of view and for the evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy in the individual, idiographical aspect. AIM: The aim of the study is a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process of a couple in which one partner suffers from bipolar affective disorder...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080597/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-anxiety-and-depression
#19
REVIEW
Stefan G Hofmann, Angelina F Gómez
This article reviews the ways in which mindfulness practices have contributed to cognitive and behavioral treatments for depression and anxiety. Research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) has increased rapidly in the past decade. The most common include mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. MBIs are effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptom severity in a range of individuals. MBIs consistently outperform non-evidence-based treatments and active control conditions, such as health education, relaxation training, and supportive psychotherapy...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077134/-minimally-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-unipolar-depression
#20
P van Eijndhoven, I Tendolkar, P van Eijndhoven, I Tendolkar, D J L G Schutter
BACKGROUND: Unipolar depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and has a high impact at individual and societal level. Commonly used treatments such as antidepressants and psychotherapy are often not effective. AIM: To determine the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and direct current stimulation (tDCS) as minimally invasive forms of treatment for unipolar depression. METHOD: We searched the literature...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
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