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Medicine surgery animal

Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, Heather Weir, Lori R Kogan
Cognitive functioning is often compromised with increasing levels of stress and fatigue, both of which are often experienced by veterinarians. Many high-stress fields have implemented checklists to reduce human error. The use of these checklists has been shown to improve the quality of medical care, including adherence to evidence-based best practices and improvement of patient safety. Although it has been recognized that veterinary medicine would likely demonstrate similar benefits, there have been no published studies to date evaluating the use of checklists for improving quality of care in veterinary medicine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Anand Kaul, Sunil Manjila, Jonathan P Miller
: Isadore Max Tarlov (1905-1977) is primarily remembered for his 1938 description of the eponymous perineural "Tarlov cyst." However, during his long career as a neurosurgeon and researcher, he was responsible for many other observations and inventions that influenced the development of neurosurgery in the 20th century. While studying at Johns Hopkins Medical School he was acquainted with Walter Dandy, and he became the first resident to study under Wilder Penfield at the newly formed Montreal Neurological Institute...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Paul A Reilly, Joanne van Ryn, Oliver Grottke, Stephan Glund, Joachim Stangier
The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) provide a number of clinical advantages over vitamin K antagonists for the treatment of thromboembolism, including improved efficacy and safety, as well as no need for regular monitoring of anticoagulant effect. However, as with all anticoagulants, bleeding complications may occur, and anticoagulant reversal may be required in specific clinical situations, such as in patients experiencing spontaneous or traumatic bleeds, or in anticoagulated patients requiring emergency surgery or other invasive procedures...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jefry Alberto Vargas Cabral, Gabriela Pereira de Souza, Juliana de Almeida Nascimento, Luis Fernando Simoneti, Carolina Marchese, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Introduction: Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective tool in the control and treatment of severe obesity, but patients undergoing this procedure are at increased risk of developing nutritional deficiencies by limiting the intake and absorption of many nutrients. Objective: To assess the impact of vitamin D deficiency and calcium in bone in patients after gastric bypass in Roux-en-Y, pointing directly at the type of administration, doses and effects after surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Ian L Valerio, Jennifer M Sabino, Christopher L Dearth
Background: A large volume of service members have sustained complex injuries during Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF). These injuries are complicated by contamination with particulate and foreign materials, have high rates of bacterial and/or fungal infections, are often composite-type defects with massive soft tissue wounds, and usually have multisystem involvement. While traditional treatment modalities remain a mainstay for optimal wound care, traditional reconstruction approaches alone may be inadequate to fully address the scope and magnitude of such massive complex wounds...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
N Katic, G Dupré
Although endoscopic surgery entered its "golden era" in the mid-1980s, it is still advancing at a tremendous pace. Novel surgical techniques and devices are continuously developed and applied, and new indications (and/or contraindications) for the use of endoscopic surgery are routinely reported in the literature and subjected to systematic assessments. Although endoscopic surgery (laparoscopy in particular) has already become established as the gold standard in human medicine, it has yet to be proven as a viable alternative to open surgery in the field of veterinary medicine...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Nicola Di Lorenzo, Livia Cenci, Massimiliano Simi, Claudio Arcudi, Valeria Tognoni, Achille Lucio Gaspari, Pietro Valdastri
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is rising in popularity generating a revolution in operative medicine during the past few decades. Although laparoscopic techniques have not significantly changed in the last 10 years, several advances have been made in visualization devices and instrumentation. METHODS: Our team, composed of surgeons and biomedical engineers, developed a magnetic levitation camera (MLC) with a magnetic internal mechanism dedicated to MIS...
September 22, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Michiel W Pot, Veronica K Gonzales, Pieter Buma, Joanna IntHout, Toin H van Kuppevelt, Rob B M de Vries, Willeke F Daamen
Microfracture surgery may be applied to treat cartilage defects. During the procedure the subchondral bone is penetrated, allowing bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells to migrate towards the defect site and form new cartilage tissue. Microfracture surgery generally results in the formation of mechanically inferior fibrocartilage. As a result, this technique offers only temporary clinical improvement. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine may improve the outcome of microfracture surgery. Filling the subchondral defect with a biomaterial may provide a template for the formation of new hyaline cartilage tissue...
2016: PeerJ
Mathieu Lemaitre, Paul Monsarrat, Vincent Blasco-Baque, Pascale Loubières, Rémy Burcelin, Louis Casteilla, Valérie Planat-Bénard, Philippe Kémoun
: : Current treatment of periodontitis is still associated with a high degree of variability in clinical outcomes. Recent advances in regenerative medicine by mesenchymal cells, including adipose stromal cells (ASC) have paved the way to improved periodontal regeneration (PD) but little is known about the biological processes involved. Here, we aimed to use syngeneic ASCs for periodontal regeneration in a new, relevant, bacteria-induced periodontitis model in mice. Periodontal defects were induced in female C57BL6/J mice by oral gavage with periodontal pathogens...
September 16, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Paul A Reilly, Joanne van Ryn, Oliver Grottke, Stephan Glund, Joachim Stangier
The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) provide a number of clinical advantages over vitamin K antagonists for the treatment of thromboembolism, including improved efficacy and safety, as well as no need for regular monitoring of anticoagulant effect. However, as with all anticoagulants, bleeding complications may occur, and anticoagulant reversal may be required in specific clinical situations, such as in patients experiencing spontaneous or traumatic bleeds, or in anticoagulated patients requiring emergency surgery or other invasive procedures...
November 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Mahboobeh Ghasemzadeh Rahbardar, Bahareh Amin, Soghra Mehri, Seyed Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to traditional medicine, rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) has been used in many ailments such as dysmenorrhea, rheumatic pain and stomachache. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work was carried out to evaluate putative anti-allodynic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of Rosmarinus officinalis alcoholic extract and some spinal cord molecular changes on a neuropathic pain model in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral neuropathy was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Anson Nguyen, Raman C Mahabir
In 2011, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (PRS) implemented a level-of-evidence (LOE) pyramid to bring attention to evidence-based medicine and to promote quality of research. The objective of our study was to examine the current, overall quality of plastic surgery research when compared with that of the previous 30 years. Articles from PRS published in 2013 were culled for information, including LOE based on the assigned score from the LOE pyramid. (Animal, cadaver, and basic science studies; reviews; correspondence; and continuing medical education articles were excluded...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Alejandro J Lopez, Justin K Scheer, Nader S Dahdaleh, Alpesh A Patel, Zachary A Smith
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The available literature on interspinous rigid fixation/fusion devices (IFD) was systematically reviewed to explore the devices' efficacy and complication profile. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The clinical application of new spinal technologies may proceed without well-established evidence, as is the case with IFDs. IFDs are plate-like devices that are attached to the lateral aspects of 2 adjacent spinous processes to promote rigidity at that segment...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Felix Dyrna, Elmar Herbst, Alexander Hoberman, Andreas B Imhoff, Andreas Schmitt
The stem cell as the building block necessary for tissue reparation and homeostasis plays a major role in regenerative medicine. Their unique property of being pluripotent, able to control immune process and even secrete a whole army of anabolic mediators, draws interest. While new arthroscopic procedures and techniques involving stem cells have been established over the last decade with improved outcomes, failures and dissatisfaction still occur. Therefore, there is increasing interest in ways to improve the healing response...
2016: European Journal of Medical Research
Luciane Souza Dos Santos Gramma, Franciane Martins Marques, Cátia Vittorazzi, Thiago Antônio Moretti de Andrade, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade, Tadeu Uggere de Andrade, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Rodrigo Scherer, Marcio Fronza
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Struthanthus vulgaris (Vell.) Mart. (Loranthaceae) has been largely used in traditional folk medicine in Brazil as an anti-inflammatory agent and to treat various skin disorders, including wounds. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To investigated the influence of 5% Struthanthus vulgaris ointment during cutaneous wound healing in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats were used in each group according the daily treatment, S...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Qing-qing Yang, Chun-sheng Jia, Jian-ling Wang, Jun-lei Li, Xin-xin Feng, Zhan-na Tan, Bo-ying Li, Xue-liang Zhu, Jing Shi, Yan-hui Sun, Xiao-feng Li, Jing Xu, Xuan-ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-zhu Du, Na Bao, Qiong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the regularities and features of compound reinforcing-reducing manipulation of acupuncture filiform needles in the treatment of clinical conditions or diseases by using data mining technique, so as to guide clinical practice. METHODS: At first, the data base about the reinforcing-reducing manipulation (CRRM) of filiform needles for different clinical problems was established by collection, sorting, screening, recording, collation, data extraction of the related original papers published in journals and conferences and related academic dissertations from Jan...
April 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
S Iacob, B Hersant, M SidAhmed Mezi, J P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: After surgery, the plastic surgeon is very often questioned about how to maintain the result and more frequently how to slow down the aging process. However, this type of knowledge is not commonly delivered during medical education or at least needs an update. This review could be used as a guide to help plastic surgeons to manage these frequent postoperative consultations. The aim of this literature review was to focus discussion on specific positive factors, identified to have a significant impact on human longevity...
August 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
F-X Crahay, J L Nizet
BACKGROUND: Suction-assisted lipectomy is one of the most frequent procedures in plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether suction-assisted lipectomy causes changes in the carbohydrates and lipid metabolism and the potential effects on cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We interrogated five databases: Medline, American College of Physicians Journal Club Database, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, Cochrane database of systematic reviews, Database of abstracts of reviews of effects...
August 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Mafalda Castro, Marco Preto, Vitor Vasconcelos, Ralph Urbatzka
Obesity is a global health threat. OECD reported that more than half (52%) of the adult population in the European Union is overweight or obese. Obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities have deep negative effects on morbidity, mortality, professional and personal quality of life. Healthcare costs represent a negative impact of this disease, with an associated economic cost of 100 billion US$ per year in the United States. The most prescribed drugs for obesity treatment worldwide are orlistat, and phentermine/topiramate extended release, while the major prescribed drug for the same disease in the US are exenatide and dapagliflozin...
2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
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