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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165860/rehabilitation-and-convalescent-hospital-stay-in-new-south-wales-an-analysis-of-3-979-women-aged-75
#1
Catherine Chojenta, Julie Byles, Balakrishnan Kichu Nair
OBJECTIVES: With a rapidly ageing population, it is imperative to examine health service costs and plan appropriately for the future. This paper determines the factors related to extended hospital stay for 'Rehabilitation' or 'Convalescence', as defined by ICD-10 coding, in acute hospital settings for older women in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Participants were from the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. For this analysis, self-reported survey data were linked to the NSW Admitted Patient Data Collection and the National Death Index...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162145/reducing-hospital-admissions-in-remote-australia-through-the-establishment-of-a-palliative-and-chronic-disease-respite-facility
#2
Timothy A Carey, Mick Arundell, Kellie Schouten, John S Humphreys, Fred Miegel, Simon Murphy, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: There are limited respite services for palliative care patients and their families in the Northern Territory (NT). The high prevalence of complex chronic diseases, limited access to primary care services, and the poor living situations of many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians result in high hospitalisation rates and pressure on tertiary health services. Palliative Care NT identified a need for a flexible, community based, culturally appropriate respite service in Alice Springs...
November 21, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094475/a-possibility-for-strengthening-family-life-and-health-family-members-lived-experience-when-a-sick-child-receives-home-care-in-sweden
#3
Charlotte Castor, Kajsa Landgren, Helena Hansson, Inger Kristensson Hallström
Families often prefer home care to hospital care, and home-care services for ill children are increasing worldwide with limited knowledge of families' needs during curative and palliative home care. The aim of this study was to elucidate family members' lived experience when a sick child received home care from county-based primary healthcare services. A descriptive qualitative design was chosen and 12 families including sick children receiving home care and their mothers, fathers and siblings in the south of Sweden were interviewed between December 2015 and January 2017...
November 2, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090948/carer-preferences-for-home-support-services-in-later-stage-dementia
#4
Eleni Kampanellou, Helen Chester, Linda Davies, Sue Davies, Clarissa Giebel, Jane Hughes, David Challis, Paul Clarkson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative importance of different home support attributes from the perspective of carers of people with later-stage dementia. METHOD: Preferences from 100 carers, recruited through carers' organisations, were assessed with a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) survey, administered online and by paper questionnaire. Attributes were informed by an evidence synthesis and lay consultations. A conditional logit model was used to estimate preference weights for the attributes within a home support 'package'...
November 1, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077978/comparison-of-african-american-and-caucasian-caregiver-self-efficacy
#5
Leisa Easom, Ellen Cotter, Angel Ramos
Self-efficacy influences one's behavior and can determine the degree to which one is motivated to take action. The current study explores changes in caregiver self-efficacy pre- and post-participation in a Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH II) program, a multi-component intervention aimed at caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. The study specifically compared this construct in African American and Caucasian populations, which may give indications of how to empower dementia caregivers and whether REACH II is culturally sensitive and thus, an important component to examine...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061145/effects-of-home-based-long-term-care-services-on-caregiver-health-according-to-age
#6
Ming-Chun Chen, Chi-Wen Kao, Yu-Lung Chiu, Tzu-Ying Lin, Yu-Ting Tsai, Yi-Ting Zhang Jian, Ya-Mei Tzeng, Fu-Gong Lin, Shu-Ling Hwang, Shan-Ru Li, Senyeong Kao
BACKGROUND: Caregiver health is a crucial public health concern due to the increasing number of elderly people with disabilities. Elderly caregivers are more likely to have poorer health and be a care recipient than younger caregivers. The Taiwan government offers home-based long-term care (LTC) services to provide formal care and decrease the burden of caregivers. This study examined the effects of home-based LTC services on caregiver health according to caregiver age. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a simple random sample of care recipients and their caregivers...
October 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059707/judicial-murder-suicides-in-van-diemen-s-land
#7
Roger W Byard, Hamish Maxwell Stewart
On the morning of December 17, 1827, nine convicts were executed by public hanging in Hobart Town, the capital of the British colony of Van Diemen's Land (now the Australian state of Tasmania). Two months previously they had drowned senior Constable George Rex on Small Island, which was part of the penal settlement at Macquarie Harbor, in front of five bound and gagged witnesses. They offered no defence at their trial. Examination of the Tasmanian colonial convict records shows that "suicide by lottery" involved convicts choosing two men, one to die and the other to kill him...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058525/caregiving-load-and-respite-service-use-a-comparison-between-older-caregivers-and-younger-caregivers
#8
Junrong Shi, Keith Chan, Lisa Ferretti, Phillip McCallion
Study aims were to explore differences in predictors of respite care use between older (aged 65+) and younger caregivers (aged 18-64 years), and associations between caregiving load and respite care use using multivariate logistic regression analysis and unpaid caregiver (n= 10,500) data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey. Caregiving load comprised number of care recipients, weekly hours in caregiving, and caregiving duration. Variables with a significant association with respite care for older caregivers were female gender, income, and health insurance...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039697/an-investigation-of-the-information-sought-by-caregivers-of-alzheimer-s-patients-on-online-peer-support-groups
#9
Emma Scharett, Kapil Chalil Madathil, Snehal Lopes, Hunter Rogers, Sruthy Agnisarman, Shraddhaa Narasimha, Aparna Ashok, Cheryl Dye
Caregivers of Alzheimer's patients find respite in online communities for solutions and emotional support. This study aims to understand the characteristics of information caregivers of Alzheimer's patients are searching for and the kind of support they receive through Internet-based peer support communities. Using a Web crawler written in Python Web programming language, we retrieved publicly available 2,500 random posts and their respective solutions from April 2012 to October 2016 on the solutions category of the Caregiver's Forum on ALZConnected...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033364/-recurrent-cystisis-no-medicine-preventive-means
#10
A Julien
OBJECTIVE: To estimate from the literature review, the interest of hygienic and behavioural measures and the use of food supplements (herbal) to prevent female urinary tract infection. METHODS: Pubmed research was focused on the efficiency of prophylactic measures in recurrent cystisis management. RESULTS: Due to many predisposing factors such as anatomical charasteristics, hydration and lifestyle, cystisis is more common in female subjects than in male...
November 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969501/the-strengths-and-challenges-of-palliative-day-care-centers-qualitative-study-with-the-professionals-involved
#11
Bieke Vandaele, Kenneth Chambaere, Ignaas Devisch
BACKGROUND: Palliative day-care centers are a marginal service within the palliative care landscape. Relevant research on the potential and added value of this service model is lacking, and it may therefore be underappreciated. AIM: To examine how representatives of Belgian palliative day-care centers perceive their strengths and added value, as well as the biggest challenges to their survival. DESIGN: Qualitative study of individual interviews and an overarching focus group...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944646/acute-blood-glucose-cardiovascular-and-exaggerated-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-in-men-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Shohn G Wormgoor, Lance C Dalleck, Caryn Zinn, Nigel K Harris
BACKGROUND: Optimising exercise-induced physiological responses without increasing the risk of negative exaggerated responses is an important aspect of exercise prescription for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, knowledge of acute responses, including exaggerated responses, of different training modalities is limited. AIM: To compare acute physiological responses of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in T2DM...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889107/respite-switching-to-riociguat-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-patients-with-inadequate-response-to-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors
#13
Marius M Hoeper, Gérald Simonneau, Paul A Corris, Hossein-Ardeschir Ghofrani, James R Klinger, David Langleben, Robert Naeije, Pavel Jansa, Stephan Rosenkranz, Laura Scelsi, Ekkehard Grünig, Carmine Dario Vizza, MiKyung Chang, Pablo Colorado, Christian Meier, Dennis Busse, Raymond L Benza
A proportion of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients do not reach treatment goals with phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5i). RESPITE investigated the safety, feasibility and benefit of switching from PDE5i to riociguat in these patients.RESPITE was a 24-week, open-label, multicentre, uncontrolled study. Patients in World Health Organization (WHO) functional class (FC) III, with 6-min walking distance (6MWD) 165-440 m, cardiac index <3.0 L·min(-1)·m(-2) and pulmonary vascular resistance >400 dyn·s·cm(-5) underwent a 1-3 day PDE5i treatment-free period before receiving riociguat adjusted up to 2...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877138/pain-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities-development-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-pain-training-workshop-for-respite-workers
#14
Lara M Genik, C Meghan McMurtry, Lynn M Breau, Stephen P Lewis, Tamlyn Freedman-Kalchman
INTRODUCTION: Pain in children with intellectual disabilities (ID) is common and complex, yet there is no standard pain training for their secondary caregivers. OBJECTIVES: Determine perceived pain training needs/preferences of children's respite staff (Phase One) and, use this information combined with extant research and guidelines to develop and pilot a training (Phase Two). METHODS: In Phase One, 22 participants responded to questionnaires and engaged in individual interviews/focus groups about their experiences with pain in children with ID, and perceived training needs/preferences...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817447/a-stress-coping-app-for-hospitalized-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-preterm-birth
#15
Nancy Jallo, Leroy R Thacker, Victoria Menzies, Predrag Stojanovic, Dace S Svikis
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women hospitalized with preterm labor (PTL) complications experience increased stress. Prior researchers have attempted to provide stress management strategies with use of various media players to deliver stress coping interventions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a mobile device delivered stress coping app designed to reduce stress in a sample of high-risk pregnant women hospitalized with complications of PTL...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803827/caring-for-the-caregiver-supporting-families-of-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#16
Mariecel Pilapil, Daniel J Coletti, Cindy Rabey, David DeLaet
Caregivers of youth with special health care needs (YSHCN) are a critical part of the health care team. It is important for pediatric providers to be cognizant of the burden and strain caregiving can create. This article will discuss the health, psychological, social, and financial effects of caregiving, as well as strategies to screen for caregiver strain among families of YSHCN. Caregivers of YSHCN, for example, are more likely to report poor health status and demonstrate higher rates of depression and anxiety...
August 10, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803420/psychosocial-needs-and-facilitators-of-mothers-caring-for-children-with-duchenne-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Holly L Peay, Bettina Meiser, Kathleen Kinnett, Aad Tibben
Care guidelines for Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD) include recommendations for assessment of caregivers of patients with DBMD followed by proactive psychosocial interventions. To inform clinical assessment, this study described appraisals of psychosocial needs and caregiving facilitators of mothers of individuals with DBMD. Two hundred and five mothers completed an online survey. More than 50% endorsed unmet needs for managing uncertainty about the future and managing DBMD fears. Higher levels of unmet need were associated with less disease progression/earlier stage of DBMD (rho = -0...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780713/health-related-quality-of-life-in-spanish-informal-caregivers-gender-differences-and-support-received
#18
María Del Río Lozano, María Del Mar García-Calvente, Jesús Calle-Romero, Mónica Machón-Sobrado, Isabel Larrañaga-Padilla
PURPOSE: We analyzed gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and associated factors between informal male and female caregivers in Spain. It is important because of growing rates of dependent people and dwindling public resources. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 610 informal caregivers (265 male and 345 female) using an ad hoc structured questionnaire. We performed a descriptive analysis and used multivariate logistic regression to analyze the risk of poor HRQoL, measured with the EQ-5D-5L, according to caregiver sex, sociodemographic characteristics of caregivers and dependents, caregiving circumstances, and support received...
December 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780563/implementing-a-multi-modal-support-service-model-for-the-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Bamini Gopinath, Ashley Craig, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Jaye Bloffwitch, Kim Van Vu, Nichole Joachim, Rob Cummins, Julie Heraghty, Timothy Broady, Alison Hayes, Paul Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and low vision among older adults. Previous research shows a high prevalence of distress and disruption to the lifestyle of family caregivers of persons with late AMD. This supports existing evidence that caregivers are 'hidden patients' at risk of poor health outcomes. There is ample scope for improving the support available to caregivers, and further research should be undertaken into developing services that are tailored to the requirements of family caregivers of persons with AMD...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751135/chronic-sorrow-in-parents-of-children-with-a-chronic-illness-or-disability-an-integrative-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Mary Beth Coughlin, Kristen A Sethares
PROBLEM: This integrative review aims to synthesize the findings of studies on chronic sorrow in parents, to analyze the findings along three specific research questions, and to identify areas for future research. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of parents, mothers and/or fathers of non-adult children published in peer-reviewed journals that answered the research questions: 1) How does the experience of chronic sorrow differ between mothers and fathers? 2) What factors have been identified to impact the experience of chronic sorrow over time? 3) What strategies by health care providers for helping parents cope with chronic sorrow have been identified to be most and least helpful? SAMPLE: Nineteen studies from a literature search within the databases of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Psycarticles and SocIndex were included in the review...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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