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breast cancer IV surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062979/contemporary-indications-for-diagnostic-open-biopsy-in-women-assessed-for-screen-detected-breast-lesions-a-ten-year-single-institution-series-of-814-consecutive-cases
#1
Gelareh Farshid, P Grantley Gill
PURPOSE: In contemporary practice, 5% of women with non-malignant needle biopsies of screen-detected lesions still require diagnostic open biopsy (OBx). Our aims are to (i) capture a snapshot of the contemporary indications for OBx in screen-detected lesions; (ii) determine upgrade rates to malignancy (DCIS or invasive cancer); (iii) identify indications with sufficiently low upgrades to justify avoidance of OBx and (iv) propose plausible non-surgical alternatives. METHODS: Between Jan 2005 and Dec 2014, women assessed for a screen-detected lesion and recommended for OBx are included...
January 6, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057845/targeting-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-the-case-for-differentiation-based-therapy
#2
Diwakar R Pattabiraman, Robert A Weinberg
Although important strides have been made in targeted therapy for certain leukemias and subtypes of breast cancer, the standard of care for most carcinomas still involves chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, or a combination of these. Two processes serve as obstacles to the successful treatment of carcinomas. First, a majority of deaths from these types of cancers occurs as a result of distant metastases and not the primary tumors themselves. Second, subsets of cells that are able to survive conventional therapy drive the aggressive relapse of the tumors, often in forms that are resistant to treatment...
January 5, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048140/mo-fg-campus-jep2-05-mri-guided-single-fraction-boost-delivery-on-individual-axillary-lymph-nodes
#3
T C F van Heijst, N Hoekstra, M E P Philippens, D Eschbach, J J W Lagendijk, H J G D van den Bongard, B van Asselen
PURPOSE: The Utrecht MRI-linac (MRL) design enables new MR-guided radiotherapy (RT) approaches. This is a feasibility study for a single-fraction high dose (boost) to individual lymph nodes (LNs) in breast-cancer patients, after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and hypofractionated whole-breast irradiation (WBI) with conventional axillary RT (AxRT). METHODS: After written informed consent, 5 breast-cancer patients (cT1-3N0) were enrolled (NL500460.041.14 trial) and underwent 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043695/standardizing-the-complication-rate-after-breast-reduction-using-the-clavien-dindo-classification
#4
Raimund Winter, Isabella Haug, Patricia Lebo, Martin Grohmann, Frederike M J Reischies, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Alexandru Tuca, Theresa Rienmüller, Herwig Friedl, Stephan Spendel, Abigail A Forbes, Paul Wurzer, Lars-P Kamolz
BACKGROUND: Published complication rates for breast reduction surgery, also known as reduction mammaplasty, vary between 4% and 54%. This wide range of complication rates could be attributable to the lack of a standardized classification of complications in plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze our single-center complication rates after reduction mammaplasty using the Clavien-Dindo classification. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review studying 804 patients between the ages of 18 and 81 years old who underwent breast reduction between 2005 and 2015 at our institution...
December 30, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998656/impact-of-primary-tumor-surgery-in-stage-iv-male-breast-cancer
#5
Mahvish Muzaffar, Swapnil Kachare, Nasreen Vohra
BACKGROUND: Primary tumor surgery (PTS) is not a standard treatment modality in stage IV breast cancer. Retrospective studies in female breast cancer show improved survival in women undergoing PTS; however, data regarding the impact of surgery in male breast cancer are lacking. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of PTS on survival among men with metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of men diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer at diagnosis were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database from 1988 to 2011...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988977/prognostic-factors-for-metachronous-contralateral-breast-cancer-implications-for-management-of-the-contralateral-breast
#6
Schelomo Marmor, Pamela R Portschy, Erin E Burke, Beth A Virnig, Todd M Tuttle
The absolute number of breast cancer survivors who are at risk for metachronous contralateral breast cancer (mCBC) has dramatically increased. The objectives of this study were to identify factors predictive of survival for patients with mCBC and to determine clinicopathological factors predictive of advanced mCBC. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data base, we identified women, ages 18-80, diagnosed with invasive breast cancer from 1992 to 2010. We excluded patients with bilateral and stage IV primary breast cancer...
December 18, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920624/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-carboplatin-and-weekly-trastuzumab-is-active-in-her2-positive-early-breast-cancer-results-after-a-median-follow-up-of-over-4-years
#7
Hans-Christian Kolberg, Leyla Akpolat-Basci, Miltiades Stephanou, Bahriye Aktas, Carla Verena Hannig, Cornelia Liedtke
INTRODUCTION: Most patients with HER2-positive breast cancer receive chemotherapy and trastuzumab. Data from adjuvant trials have shown that the combination of docetaxel, carboplatin and weekly trastuzumab (TCH) is well tolerated and as effective as anthracycline-containing regimes. Previous investigations on neoadjuvant treatment with taxanes, platinum salts and trastuzumab showed pathological complete remission (pCR) rates between 43.3 and 76%. To date, the longest published follow-up in this indication is 3 years...
October 2016: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829423/relationship-between-traditional-chinese-medicine-constitutional-types-with-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-an-observational-study
#8
Yi Liu, Ting Pan, Wenjing Zou, Ye Sun, Yun Cai, Rui Wang, Pingping Han, Zhe Zhang, Qunying He, Feng Ye
BACKGROUND: The theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitution involves genetic characteristics, psychological factors, organ functions, and many other aspects. Studies have shown that TCM constitution is associated with HLA polymorphisms and has a genetic basis. A large number of Chinese studies have suggested that the clinical evolution of breast cancer may differ among patients with different TCM constitutions. In addition, patients with breast cancer and different TCM constitutions may have different degrees of myelosuppression after chemotherapy...
November 9, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812853/therapeutic-role-of-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-in-patients-with-stage-iv-breast-cancer-a-population-based-analysis
#9
San-Gang Wu, Feng-Yan Li, Yue Chen, Jia-Yuan Sun, Huan-Xin Lin, Qin Lin, Zhen-Yu He
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical value of axillary lymph node (ALN) dissection in stage IV breast cancer. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of stage IV breast cancer from 1990 to 2010 were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to analyze the effect of ALN dissection and ALN status on breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: A total of 11,645 patients were identified...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760935/-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Yoshinori Nio, Shiro Imai, Kayo Uesugi, Mikako Tamaoki, Masashi Tamaoki, Riruke Maruyama
Triple-negative breast cancers(TNBCs)are associated with early recurrence after surgery and unfavorable prognoses. To date, no effective therapies for TNBCs have been established. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy(ACT)for 111 TNBCs using a retrospective multivariate analysis(MVA). The intravenous(iv)ACTs included docetaxel, epirubicin, gemcitabine, and vinorelbine. The oral ACTs included UFT, doxifluridine, and cyclophosphamide. The 10-year disease-free survival(DFS)and overall survival(OS)rates were 77...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694551/impact-of-marital-status-on-tumor-stage-at-diagnosis-and-on-survival-in-male-breast-cancer
#11
Orimisan Samuel Adekolujo, Shourya Tadisina, Ujwala Koduru, Jill Gernand, Susan Jane Smith, Radhika Ramani Kakarala
The effect of marital status (MS) on survival varies according to cancer type and gender. There has been no report on the impact of MS on survival in male breast cancer (MBC). This study aims to determine the influence of MS on tumor stage at diagnosis and survival in MBC. Men with MBC ≥18 years of age in the SEER database from 1990 to 2011 were included in the study. MS was classified as married and unmarried (including single, divorced, separated, widowed). Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the 5-year cancer-specific survival...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640906/short-term-postoperative-breast-cancer-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-age
#12
Erica Pettke, Nicole Ilonzo, Martha Ayewah, Sara Tsantes, Alison Estabrook, Aye Moe Thu Ma
BACKGROUND: This study compares early postoperative breast cancer outcomes between patients 80 years and older (older patients) and those younger than 80 years (<80 years). METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was used to identify patients who had breast surgery between 2005 and 2013 for malignancy. RESULTS: Older patients had a significantly higher percentage of comorbidities and partial mastectomies. Postoperatively, they had higher rates of pneumonia, urinary tract infection, cardiac arrest, and mortality but had lower rates of wound dehiscence, deep wound, and organ space infections...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579722/-3rd-hungarian-breast-cancer-consensus-conference-radiotherapy-guidelines
#13
Csaba Polgár, Zsuzsanna Kahán, András Csejtei, Gabriella Gábor, László Landherr, László Mangel, Árpád Mayer, János Fodor
The radiotherapy expert panel revised and updated the radiotherapy (RT) guidelines accepted in 2009 at the 2nd Hungarian Breast Cancer Consensus Conference based on new scientific evidence. Radiotherapy of the conserved breast is indicated in ductal carcinoma in situ (St. 0), as RT decreases the risk of local recurrence by 60%. In early stage (St. I-II) invasive breast cancer RT remains a standard treatment following breast conserving surgery. However, in elderly (≥70 years) patients with stage I, hormone receptor positive tumour hormonal therapy without RT can be considered...
September 2016: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565077/operation-with-less-adjuvant-therapy-for-elderly-breast-cancer
#14
Akimitsu Yamada, Kazutaka Narui, Sadatoshi Sugae, Daisuke Shimizu, Kazuaki Takabe, Yasushi Ichikawa, Takashi Ishikawa, Itaru Endo
BACKGROUND: The standard of care for elderly women with breast cancer remains controversial. The aim of this study was to clarify the management of elderly breast cancer patients who undergo surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective single-center cohort study included 2276 breast cancer patients who underwent surgery between 1993 and 2014. The patients were divided into three groups according to age: ≤64 y (young), 65-74 y (older), and ≥75 y (elderly)...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564998/impact-of-surgery-on-survival-in-stage-iv-breast-cancer
#15
Badria AlJohani, Osama AlMalik, Ehab Anwar, Asma Tulbah, Mohamed Alshabanah, Adher AlSyaed, Dahish Ajarim, Taher ALTweigeri
We aimed to assess retrospectively the survival outcome in patients with stage IV breast cancer who underwent surgery. In a retrospective, nonrandomized study of stage IV breast cancer patients diagnosed in a single institution between 2000 and 2012, we assessed patient's survival in the context of baseline characteristics. A total 678 patients with metastatic breast cancer were included; 412 (60.77%) underwent surgery for the primary tumor (Surgery group), and 266 (39%) did not underwent surgery for the primary tumor (Nonsurgery group), with a median follow-up of 41 months...
November 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556613/the-telemark-breast-score-a-reliable-method-for-the-evaluation-of-results-after-breast-surgery
#16
Anadi Begic, Birgit Stark
BACKGROUND: Validated instruments for assessing results after breast surgery are sparse. The authors present here a method used for the past 10 years at their institution for evaluation of outcome after breast-conserving surgery and microsurgical breast reconstruction. METHODS: The Telemark Breast Score is a method based on standard two-dimensional photographs assessing the outcome after breast surgery in terms of volume, shape, and symmetry. Three panels comprising two plastic surgeons, two breast surgeons, and two nurses tested the Telemark Breast Score on 346 patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery for cancer and 31 other patients who underwent deep inferior epigastric perforator flap reconstruction...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542240/hormone-receptor-status-may-impact-the-survival-benefit-of-surgery-in-stage-iv-breast-cancer-a-population-based-study
#17
Yinuo Tan, Xiaofen Li, Haiyan Chen, Yeting Hu, Mengjie Jiang, Jianfei Fu, Ying Yuan, Kefeng Ding
INTRODUCTION: The role of surgery in stage IV breast cancer is controversial. We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to explore the impact of surgery on the survival of patients with stage IV breast cancer. METHODS: In total, 10,441 eligible stage IV breast cancer patients from 2004 to 2008 were included. They were divided into four groups as follows: R0 group (patients who underwent primary site and distant metastatic site resection), primary site resection group, metastases resection group, and no resection group...
October 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522517/clinicopathological-and-surgical-factors-associated-with-long-term-survival-in-patients-with-her2-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer
#18
K Harano, X Lei, A M Gonzalez-Angulo, R K Murthy, V Valero, E A Mittendorf, N T Ueno, G N Hortobagyi, M Chavez-MacGregor
Trastuzumab-based treatment has dramatically improved the outcomes of HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients, with some patients achieving prolonged survival times. In this study, we aim to identify factors that are associated with long-term survival. Patients with HER2+ MBC treated with anti-HER2 target therapy were identified. Patients were grouped according to overall survival (OS) and categorized as long-term survivors (LTS, OS ≥ 5 years), or non-long-term survivors (non-LTS, OS < 5 years)...
September 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465179/early-detection-of-lymphatic-disorder-and-treatment-for-lymphedema-following-breast-cancer
#19
Shinsuke Akita, Rikiya Nakamura, Naohito Yamamoto, Hideki Tokumoto, Tatsuya Ishigaki, Yoshihisa Yamaji, Yoshitaro Sasahara, Yoshitaka Kubota, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Kaneshige Satoh
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity edema following surgical treatment for breast cancer does not always result in chronic breast cancer-related lymphedema. Changes in the findings of indocyanine green lymphography and upper extremity volume following breast cancer surgery were observed prospectively to understand the early changes in lymphatic function and to establish a new strategy for early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema. METHODS: Lymphatic function for 196 consecutive breasts was examined using indocyanine green lymphography and bilateral upper extremity volume before surgery and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444140/breast-metastasis-from-vaginal-cancer
#20
Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Daniel Scharifker, George Varsegi, Zoyla Almeida
Vaginal cancer is a rare malignancy accounting for 1-2% of all pelvic neoplasms. Dissemination usually occurs through local invasion and rarely metastasises to distal locations. Metastasis of vaginal cancer to the breast is extremely infrequent and unique. A 66-year-old Asian woman presented with vaginal bleeding and was found to have a vaginal mass and a left breast mass. Pathological assessment of the biopsies revealed identical squamous cell characteristics of both masses. We describe a very rare and novel case of a distally located vaginal carcinoma with metastasis to the breast Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IV (FIGO IVB)...
July 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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