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Autophagy leukemia

Deyan Chen, Chunhong Feng, Xiaoyan Tian, Nan Zheng, Zhiwei Wu
The promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein, also known as TRIM19, functions as a major organizer of PML nuclear bodies (NBs) in most mammalian cells and plays important roles in antiviral activities against both DNA and RNA viruses. In this study, we found that the downregulation of PML rendered HeLa cells more susceptible to infection by enterovirus 71 (EV71), and the overexpression of the PMLIII or PMLIV isoforms inhibited viral protein expression and resulted in viral titers that were 2-3 log units lower than those in the control...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Yuan-Chin Lee, Liang-Jun Wang, Chia-Hui Huang, Yi-Jun Shi, Long-Sen Chang
The present study aimed to investigate the pathway related to MCL1 expression in ABT-263-treated human leukemia U937 cells. ABT-263 upregulated MCL1 protein expression but did not affect its mRNA level and protein stability. Notably, ABT-263 increased 4EBP1 mRNA decay and thus reduced 4EBP1 expression. Overexpression of 4EBP1 abrogated ABT-263-induced MCL1 upregulation. ABT-263-induced activation of IKKα/β-NFκB axis elicited autophagy of U937 cells, leading to reduced mRNA stability of 4EBP1. Inhibition of the IKKα/β-NFκB axis or autophagy mitigated the effect of ABT-263 on 4EBP1 and MCL1 expression...
June 15, 2018: Cancer Letters
Shuyuan Liu, Jinhua Wan, Yunyuan Kong, Yonglu Zhang, Lagen Wan, Zhanglin Zhang
The cullin-RING ligase (CRL)-NEDD8 pathway maintains essential cellular processes, including cell cycle progression, apoptosis, autophagy, DNA repair, antigen processing and signal transduction. Growing evidence demonstrates that the alteration of the CRL-NEDD8 pathway in some cancers constitutes an attractive target for therapeutic intervention, but the roles of CRL-NEDD8 pathway in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is still unclear. In the present study, we found that ATRA could decrease the expression of NEDD8-activating enzyme E1 (NAE1) and inhibit the neddylation of cullin1 and cullin3 in the APL cell line NB4...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Antonella Rigo, Isacco Ferrarini, Angela Bonalumi, Cristina Tecchio, Alessio Montresor, Carlo Laudanna, Fabrizio Vinante
The sesquiterpene α-bisabolol (α-BSB) is a cytotoxic agent against acute leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia cells. Here the profile of α-BSB citotoxicity was evaluated ex vivo in primary mononuclear blood cells isolated from 45 untreated B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients. We studied the effects of α-BSB by flow cytometric and western blotting techniques with the following findings: (1) α-BSB was an effective proapoptotic agent against B-CLL cells (IC50 42 ± 15 μM). It was also active, but to a lesser extent, on normal residual B cells and monocytes (IC50 68 ± 34 and 74 ± 28 μM, respectively; p < 0...
May 25, 2018: Oncotarget
Haiyang Yu, Shuangshuang Yin, Shiyue Zhou, Yingying Shao, Jiachen Sun, Xu Pang, Lifeng Han, Yi Zhang, Xiumei Gao, Chengyun Jin, Yuling Qiu, Tao Wang
Magnolin is a multi-bioactive natural compound that possesses underlying anti-cancer properties. However, the mechanisms underlying remain to be elucidated. Here, we report the role of magnolin in suppressing human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells via activating autophagy and cell cycle arrest in vitro and in vivo. Pre-treatment of cells with specific autophagy inhibitor (3-methyladenine) or knockdown of endogenous LC-3B by siRNA significantly abrogates magnolin-induced cell cycle arrest. Molecular validation mechanistically shows that magnolin-induced autophagy and cell cycle arrest in CRC cells is correlated with decreased transcriptional levels of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and we further find that inhibition of LIF decreases phosphorylation level of Stat3 and represses transcriptional expression of Mcl-1...
June 13, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Peng-Hsu Chen, Ann-Jeng Liu, Kuo-Hao Ho, Ya-Ting Chiu, Zhe-Harn Anne Lin, Yi-Ting Lee, Chwen-Ming Shih, Ku-Chung Chen
Imatinib (IM) is a first-line therapeutic drug for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a hematological disease. Mutations in the BCR-ABL domain increase formation of IM resistance in CML. However, not all patients are BCR-ABL domain-mutant dependent. Investigating non-mutant mechanisms in the development of acquired IM resistance is a critical issue. We explored the mechanisms which influence IM efficacy and resistance in CML. Higher protective autophagy was identified in IM-resistant K562 (K562R) cells. Inhibition of autophagy by the inhibitors, chloroquine and 3-methyladenine, enhanced IM's efficacy in K562R cells...
June 8, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Mariarita Perri, Jeremy L Yap, Steven Fletcher, Erika Cione, Maureen A Kane
Overexpression of anti-apoptotic proteins belonging to the B cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2 family is observed in numerous cancer types and has been postulated to promote cancer cell survival and chemotherapy resistance. Bcl-extra large (xL) /myeloid cell leukemia sequence (Mcl)-1 was demonstrated to be expressed at relatively high levels in clinically aggressive basal-like cancers and inhibiting Bcl-xL overexpression could potentially provoke cell death. A molecule able to target Bcl-xL /Mcl-1, JY-1-106, is herein under investigation...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Yalda Hekmatshoar, Tulin Ozkan, Buket Altinok Gunes, Sureyya Bozkurt, Aynur Karadag, Arzu Zeynep Karabay, Asuman Sunguroglu
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic malignancy characterized by the t(9; 22) and the related oncogene, BCR-ABL. Tyrosine kinase activity of fusion protein BCR-ABL is the main cause of CML. Even if imatinib is used as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) for CML therapy, drug resistance may occur in patients and the clinical failure of imatinib treatment in resistant patients had resulted with the use of another alternative TKIs. BCR-ABL dependent and independent molecular mechanisms have crucial roles in drug resistance...
May 15, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Bo Jing, Jin Jin, Rufang Xiang, Meng Liu, Li Yang, Yin Tong, Xinhua Xiao, Hu Lei, Wei Liu, Hanzhang Xu, Jiong Deng, Li Zhou, Yingli Wu
Despite recent progress in the treatment, the outcome of adult acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is poor. Development of novel approach to combat this disease is urgently required. Vorinostat, a pan-histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, exerts promising anticancer activity in a variety of solid and hematologic malignancies. However, the efficacy of vorinostat monotherapy is unsatisfactory. Here, we show that quinacrine (QC), an anti-malaria drug with potent autophagy inhibitory activity, could synergistically enhance vorinostat-induced cell death at a non-toxic concentration...
May 22, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Haobin Zhao, Lu Yan, Xiaoguang Xu, Chunmei Jiang, Junling Shi, Yawen Zhang, Li Liu, Shuzhen Lei, Dongyan Shao, Qingsheng Huang
The lipopeptide iturin from Bacillus subtilis has been found to have a potential inhibitory effect on breast cancer, alveolar adenocarcinoma, renal carcinoma, and colon adenocarcinoma. In this study, the potential of B. subtilis lipopeptides (a mixture of iturin homologues, concentration of 42.75%) to inhibit chronic myelogenous leukemia was evaluated using K562 myelogenous leukemia cells. The results showed that the lipopeptides could completely inhibit the growth of K562 at 100 μM, with an IC50 value of 65...
May 9, 2018: AMB Express
Guo Wenjian, Jin Jingrui, Pan Jiajia, Yao Rongxing, Li Xia, Huang Xin, Ma Zhixing, Huang Sujuan, Yan Xiao, Jin Jie, Dong Aishu
Making sure the change of nuclear LC3 distribution in the autophagy of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell and finding out the regulation mechanism may lead to a breakthrough for killing AML cells. Western blots were performed to assess the expression of autophagy proteins. Changes in the LC3 distribution were monitored by immunofluorescence assays together with western blots, and the expression levels of Sirt1, DOR, Beclin1, HMGB1, and AMPK mRNA were detected via fluorescent quantitative PCR. The effects of Sirt1 and DOR on cell proliferation and survival were analyzed by MTT, flow cytometry, and western blotting assays...
May 9, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Jing Jin, Adrian Britschgi, Anna M Schläfli, Magali Humbert, Deborah Shan-Krauer, Jasmin Batliner, Elena A Federzoni, Marion Ernst, Bruce E Torbett, Shida Yousefi, Hans-Uwe Simon, Mario P Tschan
Autophagy is an intracellular degradation system that ensures a dynamic recycling of a variety of building blocks required for self-renewal, homeostasis, and cell survival under stress. We used primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples and human AML cell lines to investigate the regulatory mechanisms of autophagy and its role in AML differentiation. We found a significantly lower expression of key autophagy- (ATG-) related genes in primary AML as compared to healthy granulocytes, an increased autophagic activity during all- trans retinoic acid- (ATRA-) induced neutrophil differentiation, and an impaired AML differentiation upon inhibition of ATG3, ATG4D, and ATG5...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Guixian Wu, Ting Liu, Han Li, Yafang Li, Dengju Li, Wenhua Li
Tetrandrine is a broadly used bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid component of traditional Chinese medicine that has antitumor effects in some cancer types. In this study, we investigated the effects of tetrandrine on leukemia in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that tetrandrine effectively induced differentiation and autophagy in leukemia cells. In addition, tetrandrine treatment activated the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibited c-MYC protein expression. Further, we found that treatment with the ROS scavengers N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and Tiron as well as overexpression of c-MYC reduced tetrandrine-induced autophagy and differentiation...
April 27, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Vivian M Rumjanek, Raquel C Maia, Eduardo J Salustiano, Paulo R R Costa
In an attempt to find anticancer agents that could overcome multidrug resistance (MDR), two new classes of modified isoflavonoids were designed and synthesized, and their effectiveness evaluated against a vast array of tumor cell lines. Pterocarpanquinone (LQB-118) and 11a-aza-5-carbapterocarpan (LQB-223) were the most promising. LQB-118 induced cell death, in vitro, in the mM range, to a number of human cancer cell lines as well as to fresh tumor cells obtained from patients with acute or chronic myeloid leukemia, independent on whether they exhibit or not the MDR phenotype...
April 20, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Jing Wang, Li Long, Yongzheng Chen, Yingshu Xu, Lei Zhang
To overcome cancer drug resistance, in present study, a series of podophyllotoxin-indirubin hybrids were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for anticancer efficacy against two human chronic myeloid leukemia cell cultures. Among them, compound Da-1 was the most potent in resistent K562/VCR cells with an IC50 value of 0.076 ± 0.008 μM. Preliminary mechanism studies showed that Da-1 significantly induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at the G2 phase. Decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, accompanied by activated PARP cleavage, was observed in K562/VCR cells after incubation with Da-1...
June 1, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Marion Orsini, Franck Morceau, Mario Dicato, Marc Diederich
Autophagy is involved in many cellular processes, including cell homeostasis, cell death/survival balance and differentiation. Autophagy is essential for hematopoietic stem cell survival, quiescence, activation and differentiation. The deregulation of this process is associated with numerous hematological disorders and pathologies, including cancers. Thus, the use of autophagy modulators to induce or inhibit autophagy emerges as a potential therapeutic approach for treating these diseases and could be particularly interesting for differentiation therapy of leukemia cells...
June 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Xiaomin Yi, Limin Xiang, Yuying Huang, Yihai Wang, Xiangjiu He
BACKGROUND: Our previous study has revealed that the spirostanol saponins isolated from the rhizomes of Rohdea chinensis (Baker) N. Tanaka (synonym Tupistra chinensis Baker) (Convallariaceae) (a reputed folk medicine) exhibited potent antiproliferative activity. However, the underlying mechanism of purified saponins remains unclear. More studies are necessary to assess the apoptosis and autophagy activities of the saponins from R. chinensis and clarify their antiproliferative mechanisms...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Li-Juan Li, Ye Chai, Xiao-Jia Guo, Song-Lin Chu, Lian-Sheng Zhang
The present study aimed to explore the regulatory effects of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on the phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K)/AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, and its subsequent effects on autophagy and apoptosis of human leukemia cells. Human leukemia cells were cultured and treated with various concentrations of tunicamycin for 0, 24, 48, 72 and 90 h. Subsequently, human leukemia cells were assigned into the ER activation group, which was treated with 100 ng/ml tunicamycin, the ER activation + TO901317 (PI3K inhibitor) group, and the control group...
June 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Tomohiro Itoh, Akito Ono, Kaori Kawaguchi, Sayaka Teraoka, Mayo Harada, Keitaro Sumi, Masashi Ando, Yasuyuki Tsukamasa, Masayuki Ninomiya, Mamoru Koketsu, Toshiharu Hashizume
The phytol isolated from watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) sprouts inhibited the growth of a human T-cell leukemia line Jurkat cell and suppressed tumor progression in a xenograft model of human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line A549 in nude mice. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the phytol-induced cell death in the present study, we examined the changes in cell morphology, DNA fragmentation, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and performed flow cytometric analysis to evaluate cell cycle stage...
May 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Yong Guo, Qing Qing Shan, Ping Yu Gong, Sen Chun Wang
Background: Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph + ALL) is triggered by BCR/ABL tyrosine kinase which activates the downstream signaling pathways, such as Akt/mTOR, RAF/MEK/ERK, and STAT5 pathways. Curcumin has been shown to have inhibitory effects on cancers by inducing apoptosis and autophagy. We demonstrated that curcumin inhibited activation of Akt-mTOR, ABL/STAT5 pathways, inhibited cell proliferation, and induced apoptosis in Ph + ALL cells. Experiments here, were conducted to determine whether autophagy via MEK/ERK pathway involved in anti-leukemia effect of curcumin in Ph + ALL...
2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
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