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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773262/-smoking-cessation-pharmacological-strategies-different-from-standard-treatments
#1
REVIEW
M Underner, J Perriot, G Peiffer, G Harika-Germaneau, N Jaafari
INTRODUCTION: Three drugs are used as an aid for smoking cessation: nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), varenicline and bupropion. Standard pharmacological strategies have proven their efficacy but may have poor efficacy, especially among "Hard-core smokers" who display low smoking abstinence rates and high relapse rates. OBJECTIVES: Systematic literature review of data on pharmacological strategies for smoking cessation which are different from standard treatments...
May 14, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747516/impact-and-effectiveness-of-a-stand-alone-nrt-starter-kit-in-a-statewide-tobacco-cessation-program
#2
Amy N Kerr, Barbara A Schillo, Paula A Keller, Randi B Lachter, Rebecca K Lien, Heather G Zook
PURPOSE: To examine 2-week nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) starter kit quit outcomes and predictors and the impact of adding this new service on treatment reach. DESIGN: Observational study of a 1-year cohort of QUITPLAN Services enrollees using registration and utilization data and follow-up outcome survey data of a subset of enrollees who received NRT starter kits. SETTING: ClearWay Minnesota's QUITPLAN Services provides a quit line that is available to uninsured and underinsured Minnesotans and NRT starter kits (a free 2-week supply of patches, gum, or lozenges) that are available to all Minnesota tobacco users...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746451/tobacco-cessation-interventions-and-smoke-free-policies-in-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-treatment-facilities-united-states-2016
#3
Kristy Marynak, Brenna VanFrank, Sonia Tetlow, Margaret Mahoney, Elyse Phillips, Ahmed Jamal Mbbs, Anna Schecter, Doug Tipperman, Stephen Babb
Persons with mental or substance use disorders or both are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as persons without such disorders and are more likely to die from smoking-related illness than from their behavioral health conditions (1,2). However, many persons with behavioral health conditions want to and are able to quit smoking, although they might require more intensive treatment (2,3). Smoking cessation reduces smoking-related disease risk and could improve mental health and drug and alcohol recovery outcomes (1,3,4)...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736860/resonance-bonding-in-xngy-x-f-cl-br-i-ng-kr-or-xe-y-cn-or-nc-molecules-an-nbo-nrt-investigation
#4
Junjie Song, Yue Su, Yanping Jia, Lusheng Chen, Guiqiu Zhang
Several noble-gas-containing molecules XNgY were observed experimentally. However, the bonding in such systems is still not understood. Using natural bond orbital and natural resonance theory (NBO/NRT) methods, the present work investigated bonding of the title molecules. The results show that each of the studied XNgY molecules should be better described as a resonance hybrid of ω-bonding and [Formula: see text]-type long-bonding structures: X:- Ng+  - Y, X - Ng+ : Y- , and X^ Y. The ω-bonding and long-bonding make competing contributions to the composite resonance hybrid due to the accurately preserved bond order conservation principle...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730935/linearly-two-coordinated-silicon-transition-metal-complexes-with-the-functional-groups-m%C3%A2-si-m-and-m-si-m
#5
Priyabrata Ghana, Marius I Arz, Uttam Chakraborty, Gregor Schnakenburg, Alexander C Filippou
A detailed experimental and theoretical analysis is presented of unprecedented molybdenum complexes featuring a linearly-coordinated, multiply-bonded silicon atom. Reaction of SiBr2 (SIdipp) (Sdipp = C[N(C6 H3 -2,6-i Pr2 )CH2 ]2 ) with Na[Tp'Mo(CO)2 (PMe3 )] (Na-1) in the ratio 1:2 afforded the reddish-brown metallasilylidyne complex [Tp'(CO)2 Mo≡Si-Mo(CO)2 (PMe3 )Tp'] (Tp' = κ3 -N,N',N''-hydridotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazolyl)-borate) (2), in which an almost linearly coordinated silicon atom (∠(Mo1-Si-Mo2) = 162...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728590/phylogenetic-analyses-and-in-seedling-expression-of-ammonium-and-nitrate-transporters-in-wheat
#6
Prabin Bajgain, Blake Russell, Mohsen Mohammadi
Plants deploy several ammonium transporter (AMT) and nitrate transporter (NRT) genes to acquire NH4 + and NO3 - from the soil into the roots and then transport them to other plant organs. Coding sequences of wheat genes obtained from ENSEMBL were aligned to known AMT and NRT sequences of Arabidopsis, barley, maize, rice, and wheat to retrieve homologous genes. Bayesian phylogenetic relationships among these genes showed distinct classification of sequences with significant homology to NRT1, NRT2, and NRT3 (NAR2)...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727588/disparities-in-hospital-smoking-cessation-treatment-by-immigrant-status
#7
Jenny Chen, Ellie Grossman, Alissa Link, Binhuan Wang, Scott Sherman
Despite the efficacy of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in promoting smoking cessation, no studies have been done to evaluate NRT prescribing rates among immigrants, a vulnerable minority population in the United States. The aim of this study is to explore for differences in NRT prescribing behavior by immigrant status. Participants were enrolled in a smoking cessation trial for hospitalized patients between July 2011 and April 2014 at two NYC hospitals. For this analysis, we used baseline data from patient surveys and electronic medical-record reviews to examine associations between immigrant status and prescription of NRT in-hospital and on discharge, as well as acceptance of NRT in-hospital...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718549/are-australian-smokers-with-mental-illness-receiving-adequate-smoking-cessation-and-harm-reduction-information
#8
Ratika Sharma-Kumar, Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Diana Beere, Coral Gartner
Provision of smoking cessation support in the form of advice and information is central to increasing quit rates, including among people with mental illness (MI), who have 3-5 times higher odds of smoking than those without MI. This study investigated the extent and perceived utility of quit smoking advice and information available to Australian smokers with MI through face-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 29 current smokers with MI. Qualitative analysis identified four major sources of quit smoking advice and information: (i) mental health practitioners; (ii) Quitline; (iii) social networks; and (iv) Internet and media...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715165/implementation-of-a-low-frame-rate-protocol-and-noise-reduction-technology-to-minimize-radiation-dose-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#9
Davide Maccagni, Luciano Candilio, Azeem Latib, Cosmo Godino, Alaide Chieffo, Matteo Montorfano, Antonio Colombo, Lorenzo Azzalini
OBJECTIVES: Limiting radiation exposure is necessary in radiological procedures. This study evaluates the impact of a radiological low frame-rate protocol in a standard angiographic system and the implementation of a noise-reduction technology (NRT) on patient radiation exposure during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: Transfemoral TAVR procedures performed between February 2016 and February 2017 were analyzed according to two angiographic systems, Standard and NRT, and further divided in four subgroups: (1) Standard 15 frames per second (fps) with 15 fps for both fluoroscopy and cine acquisitions; (2) Standard 7...
May 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707628/poor-patient-and-graft-outcome-after-induction-treatment-by-antithymocyte-globulin-in-recipients-of-a-kidney-graft-after-nonrenal-organ-transplantation
#10
Hoa Le Mai, Michèle Treilhaud, Shani Leviatan Ben-Arye, Hai Yu, Hélène Perreault, Evelyn Ang, Katy Trébern-Launay, Julie Laurent, Stéphanie Malard-Castagnet, Anne Cesbron, Thi Van Ha Nguyen, Sophie Brouard, Lionel Rostaing, Pauline Houssel-Debry, Christophe Legendre, Sophie Girerd, Michèle Kessler, Emmanuel Morelon, Antoine Sicard, Valérie Garrigue, Georges Karam, Xi Chen, Magali Giral, Vered Padler-Karavani, Jean Paul Soulillou
Background: End-stage renal failure occurs in a substantial number of patients having received a nonrenal transplantation (NRT), for whom a kidney transplantation is needed. The medical strategy regarding the use of immunosuppression (IS) for a kidney graft in patients after an NRT is not well established. The prekidney grafts long-term IS advocates for a mild induction, such as using anti-IL-2R antibodies, whereas addition of new incompatibilities and anti-HLA preimmunization may suggest using stronger IS such as induction by polyclonal antithymocyte globulins (ATG)...
April 2018: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707019/micro-ct-evaluation-of-gutta-percha-removal-by-two-retreatment-systems
#11
Gustavo Alberto Rubino, George Táccio de Miranda Candeiro, Laila Gonzales Freire, Elaine Faga Iglecias, Érico de Mello Lemos, Celso Luiz Caldeira, Giulio Gavini
Introduction: The aim of the present ex vivo research was to compare the remaining filling material and the volumes of dentine removed after retreatment of curved canals with two rotary systems naming ProTaper Universal Retreatment and Mani NRT-GPR using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Methods and Material: Forty mandibular molars containing two completely separated canals, with curvature angle of 25-35° and a curvature radius <10 mm were prepared to the Mtwo instrument 35/0...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702527/comparative-impacts-of-scala-vestibuli-versus-scala-tympani-cochlear-implantation-on-auditory-performances-and-programming-parameters-in-partially-ossified-cochleae
#12
Mathieu Trudel, Mathieu Côté, Daniel Philippon, David Simonyan, Noémie Villemure-Poliquin, Richard Bussières
OBJECTIVE: To compare scala vestibuli versus scala tympani cochlear implantation in terms of postoperative auditory performances and programming parameters in patients with severe scala tympani ossification. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred three pediatric and adult patients who underwent cochlear implant surgery between 2000 and 2016. Three groups were formed: a scala vestibuli group, a scala tympani with ossification group, and a scala tympani without ossification group...
April 26, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696216/effectiveness-of-intensive-smoking-reduction-counselling-plus-combination-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-promoting-long-term-abstinence-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-not-ready-to-quit-smoking-protocol-of-the-reduq-trial
#13
Petra Hagens, Marcel Pieterse, Paul van der Valk, Job van der Palen
Introduction: Limited tobacco dependence treatment resources exist for smoking COPD patients not ready to quit. Smoking reduction may be a viable treatment approach if it prompts quit attempts and subsequent abstinence. This article describes the protocol of the REDUQ (REDUce and Quit) study, which examines whether smoking reduction counselling plus combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is (cost-)effective in achieving long-term abstinence in smoking COPD patients not ready to quit...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692660/the-satisfaction-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergone-immediate-reconstruction-with-implant-and-the-effect-of-radiotherapy
#14
Ayse Y Altinok, Nuran Bese, Halil Kara, Sukru Yazar, Cihan Unal
Aim of the study: Postmastectomy reconstructive surgery for cosmetic satisfaction of patients is rapidly increasing. Postoperative complications such as infection, capsular contracture, implant loss are more common in patients who receive adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) than those who do not. Satisfaction levels in patients is still a controversial issue. Therefore, we wanted to investigate our patient population for the effects of RT and planned a study evaluating the satisfaction rates of our patients who received implants...
2018: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672053/natural-bond-orbital-theory-of-pseudo-jahn-teller-effects
#15
Frank Weinhold, Davood Nori-Shargh
We describe a unified picture of symmetry-breaking electronic interactions that are usually described as "pseudo Jahn-Teller (PJT) effects" and attributed to vibronic coupling, but can also be associated with hyperconjugative donor-acceptor interactions in the framework of natural bond orbital (NBO) and natural resonance theory (NRT) analysis. We show how NBO/NRT descriptors offer a simplified alternative to the vibronic coupling picture of PJT effects that yields both improved cause-effect specificity and chemically enriched understanding of symmetry-breaking phenomena, but with no necessary input from ground-state vibrational or excited-state electronic properties...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671928/electronic-cigarette-use-among-cancer-patients-reasons-for-use-beliefs-and-patient-provider-communication
#16
John B Correa, Karen O Brandon, Lauren R Meltzer, Hannah J Hoehn, Bárbara Piñeiro, Thomas H Brandon, Vani N Simmons
OBJECTIVE: Smoking tobacco cigarettes after a cancer diagnosis increases risk for several serious adverse outcomes. Thus, patients can significantly benefit from quitting smoking. Electronic cigarettes are an increasingly popular cessation method. Providers routinely ask about combustible cigarette use, yet little is known about use and communication surrounding e-cigarettes among cancer patients. This study aims to describe cancer patient patterns, beliefs, and communication with oncology providers about e-cigarette use...
April 19, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662216/cortical-drive-and-thalamic-feed-forward-inhibition-control-thalamic-output-synchrony-during-absence-seizures
#17
Cian McCafferty, François David, Marcello Venzi, Magor L Lőrincz, Francis Delicata, Zoe Atherton, Gregorio Recchia, Gergely Orban, Régis C Lambert, Giuseppe Di Giovanni, Nathalie Leresche, Vincenzo Crunelli
Behaviorally and pathologically relevant cortico-thalamo-cortical oscillations are driven by diverse interacting cell-intrinsic and synaptic processes. However, the mechanism that gives rise to the paroxysmal oscillations of absence seizures (ASs) remains unknown. Here we report that, during ASs in behaving animals, cortico-thalamic excitation drives thalamic firing by preferentially eliciting tonic rather than T-type Ca 2+ channel (T-channel)-dependent burst firing in thalamocortical (TC) neurons and by temporally framing thalamic output via feedforward reticular thalamic (NRT)-to-TC neuron inhibition...
May 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650283/-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-2018
#18
REVIEW
J Abdul-Kader, G Airagnes, S D'almeida, F Limosin, A-L Le Faou
Smoking cessation treatments have been proved effective to stop smoking. For pharmacological treatments, nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) as well as bupropion allow to increase 6 month-abstinence rates by more than 80% in comparison with placebo while varenicline prescription doubles success rates in the same conditions. These results mean that for 10 smokers who quit with placebo, 18 are expected to quit with NRT or bupropion and 28 are expected to quit with varenicline. Varenicline is 50% more effective than nicotine patch and 70% more effective than nicotine gum...
April 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649894/use-of-neural-response-telemetry-for-pediatric-cochlear-implants-current-practice
#19
Galit Almosnino, Samantha Anne, Seth R Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate usage trends of neural response telemetry (NRT) in cochlear implant centers across the nation and assess reported benefits of intraoperative NRT for pediatric cochlear implant recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Survey. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: All US cochlear implant centers (n = 110). METHODS: A 15-question multiple-choice survey was distributed electronically to all centers. The survey captured demographic information of all centers, practice patterns surrounding the use of NRT, and the extent to which intraoperative NRT is of benefit...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627689/slower-nicotine-metabolism-among-postmenopausal-polish-smokers
#20
Leon Kosmider, Marcin Delijewski, Bartosz Koszowski, Andrzej Sobczak, Neal L Benowitz, Maciej L Goniewicz
BACKGROUND: A non-invasive phenotypic indicator of the rate of nicotine metabolism is nicotine metabolite ratio (NMR) defined as a ratio of two major metabolites of nicotine - trans-3'-hydroxycotinine/cotinine. The rate of nicotine metabolism has important clinical implications for the likelihood of successful quitting with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). We conducted a study to measure NMR among Polish smokers. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 180 daily cigarette smokers (42% men; average age 34...
November 22, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
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