keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NRT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063923/phylogenetic-analysis-of-hepatitis-e-virus-strains-isolated-from-slaughter-age-pigs-in-colombia
#1
Jorge E Forero D, Cristian Gutiérrez-Vergara, Jaime Parra S, Guillermo Correa L, Berardo Rodríguez, Lina A Gutiérrez, Francisco Javier Díaz, Albeiro López-Herrera
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic virus that causes acute hepatitis in humans, and can be transmitted via the fecal-oral route. Pigs are considered to be a reservoir for this infection-mainly where the disease is not endemic. In a previous study conducted in Antioquia, which is a region in Colombia where the production and consumption of pork meat is higher than in the rest of the country, the presence of anti-HEV IgG-type antibodies was reported in slaughter-age pigs. Aiming to identify the HEV genotype circulating in swine, animal liver, and feces samples from five swine cattle slaughterhouses located in six different sub-regions of Antioquia were collected...
January 4, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063325/a-pilot-trial-of-in-vivo-nrt-sampling-to-increase-medication-adherence-in-community-corrections-smokers
#2
Karen L Cropsey, Peter S Hendricks, Samantha Schiavon, Aaron Sellers, Morgan Froelich, Richard C Shelton, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Individuals in the criminal justice system demonstrate high rates of cigarette use (70-80%) and low adherence to smoking cessation medication. Educational approaches have not been shown to promote adherence or cessation, though medication sampling has boosted both use and cessation. The objective of the present study was to determine whether In vivo nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) sampling approach increases NRT adherence among criminal justice smokers during a subsequent quit attempt...
December 27, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046098/germination-physiological-responses-and-gene-expression-of-tall-fescue-festuca-arundinacea-schreb-growing-under-pb-and-cd
#3
Yanhong Lou, Peng Zhao, Deling Wang, Erick Amombo, Xin Sun, Hui Wang, Yuping Zhuge
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) are recognized as the most toxic metal ions due to their detrimental effects not only to plants, but also to humans. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Cd and Pb treatments on seed germination, plant growth, and physiological response in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). We employed six treatments: CK (nutrient solution as control), T1 (1000 mg L-1 Pb), T2 (50 mg L-1 Cd), T3 (150 mg L-1 Cd), T4 (1000 mg L-1 Pb+50 mg L-1 Cd), T5 (1000 mg L-1 Pb+150 mg L-1 Cd)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039798/mailed-distribution-of-free-nicotine-patches-without-behavioral-support-predictors-of-use-and-cessation
#4
Vladyslav Kushnir, Beth A Sproule, John A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that the mailed distribution of free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), usually as part of smokers' helplines, can been effective in increasing the odds of cessation on a population level. However, limited information is available on the utilization of NRT when it is provided for free, and factors associated with regimen adherence have remained largely unexplored. METHODS: In the context of a randomized controlled trial, 500 adult smokers across Canada hypothetically interested in free NRT were mailed a 5week supply of nicotine patches, but no other support was offered...
December 23, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027387/impact-of-smoking-cessation-counseling-prior-to-total-joint-arthroplasty
#5
Sina Akhavan, Long-Co Nguyen, Vanessa Chan, Jamal Saleh, Kevin J Bozic
Perioperative smoking has been linked to surgical complications including poor wound healing, infection, myocardial infarction, prolonged length of stay, need for mechanical ventilation, and death. This study evaluated the effectiveness of preoperative counseling on smoking cessation for patients undergoing elective total joint arthroplasty. Thirty smokers with hip or knee osteoarthritis seeking hip or knee replacement surgery were enrolled prospectively. Interventions included counseling, referrals to smoking cessation programs including the California Smokers' Helpline and the Fontana Tobacco Treatment Program, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), or instructing patients quit through the "cold turkey" method of abstinence...
December 27, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013492/meta-analysis-for-the-therapeutic-effect-of-neoadjuvant-therapy-in-resectable-esophageal-cancer
#6
Yusen Zhu, Min Liu, Xiaojing Yun, Dongmei Wang, Yuhuan Bai, Guizhi Zhang, Bei Ji, Changchun Jing
We aimed to review the therapeutic effects of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT), chemotherapy (NCT), and radiotherapy (NRT) on patients with resectable Esophageal cancer (EsC) by comparison with surgery alone (SA). PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane were searched for eligible studies published up to March 2015. Cochrane reviews were used for quality assessment. Eight primary outcomes were analyzed. Risk ratios (RRs)/ hazard ratios (HRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using the random- or fixed- effects model...
December 24, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013098/toward-precision-smoking-cessation-treatment-i-moderator-results-from-a-factorial-experiment
#7
Megan E Piper, Tanya R Schlam, Jessica W Cook, Stevens S Smith, Daniel M Bolt, Wei-Yin Loh, Robin Mermelstein, Linda M Collins, Michael C Fiore, Timothy B Baker
BACKGROUND: The development of tobacco use treatments that are effective for all smokers is critical to improving clinical and public health. The Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) uses highly efficient factorial experiments to evaluate multiple intervention components for possible inclusion in an optimized tobacco use treatment. Factorial experiments permit analyses of the influence of patient characteristics on main and interaction effects of multiple, relatively discrete, intervention components...
November 25, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012529/cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-the-effect-of-electrode-array-position-on-ecap
#8
Marine Lathuillière, Fanny Merklen, Jean-Pierre Piron, Marielle Sicard, Françoise Villemus, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Frédéric Venail, Alain Uziel, Michel Mondain
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in young children with cochlear implants (CIs) and study the effect of intracochlear position on electrophysiological and behavioral measurements. METHODS: A total of 40 children with either unilateral or bilateral cochlear implants were prospectively included in the study. Electrode placement and insertion angles were studied in 55 Cochlear(®) implants (16 straight arrays and 39 perimodiolar arrays), using either CBCT or X-ray imaging...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983709/no-ifs-no-butts-compliance-with-smoking-cessation-in-secondary-care-guidance-nice-ph48-by-providers-of-cancer-therapies-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy-in-the-uk
#9
Daniel Hutton, Ivan Gee, Ciara E McGee, Rebecca Mellor
Background: Legislation preventing smoking in public places was introduced in England in July 2007. Since then, smoke-free policies have been extended to the majority of hospitals including those providing cancer therapies. Whilst studies have been conducted on the impact and effectiveness of hospital smoke-free policy in the UK and other countries, there have not been any studies with a focus on cancer care providers. Cancer patients are a priority group for smoking cessation and support and this study aimed to examine implementation of the National Institute Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance (PH48) in acute cancer care trusts in the UK...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965870/protecting-children-from-secondhand-smoke-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-a-novel-smoke-free-home-intervention
#10
John Marsh, Ann McNeill, Sarah Lewis, Tim Coleman, Manpreet Bains, Alexandra Larwood, Jacqueline Purdy, Laura L Jones
BACKGROUND: Globally, 40 % of children under 14 years are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS), typically in their homes. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of interventions to reduce children's SHS exposure, and so the aim of this study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of a novel intervention to help parents and carers (caregivers) to reduce their children's exposure to SHS at home. METHODS: A novel multi-component intervention to support caregivers to reduce their children's SHS exposure at home was tested in a two-phase feasibility study...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939383/recent-trends-in-management-and-inhospital-outcomes-of%C3%A2-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-renal-transplant%C3%A2-recipients
#11
Sahil Agrawal, Lohit Garg, Aakash Garg, Divyanshu Mohananey, Ankur Jain, Yugandhar Manda, Amitoj Singh, Sudip Nanda, Raymond Durkin, Peter Puleo, Jamshid Shirani
Renal transplant recipients (RTR) are at high risk of cardiovascular events including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated recent trends in AMI admissions in 9,243 RTR with functioning grafts using data from the 2003 to 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Findings were compared with those of patients with end-stage renal disease without transplantation (ESRD-NRT, n = 160,932) and those without advanced kidney disease (non-ESRD/RT, n = 5,640,851) admitted with AMI. RTR comprised 0.2% of AMI admissions with increasing numbers during the study period (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936244/gene-expression-and-silencing-studies-in-phytophthora-infestans-reveal-infection-specific-nutrient-transporters-and-a-role-for-the-nitrate-reductase-pathway-in-plant-pathogenesis
#12
Melania Abrahamian, Audrey M V Ah-Fong, Carol Davis, Kalina Andreeva, Howard S Judelson
To help learn how phytopathogens feed from their hosts, genes for nutrient transporters from the hemibiotrophic potato and tomato pest Phytophthora infestans were annotated. This identified 453 genes from 19 families. Comparisons with a necrotrophic oomycete, Pythium ultimum var. ultimum, and a hemibiotrophic fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, revealed diversity in the size of some families although a similar fraction of genes encoded transporters. RNA-seq of infected potato tubers, tomato leaves, and several artificial media revealed that 56 and 207 transporters from P...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893843/comparative-effectiveness-of-smoking-cessation-medications-a-national-prospective-cohort-from-taiwan
#13
Po-Yin Chang, Po-Ching Lo, Hui-Chin Chang, Kuang-Chieh Hsueh, Yi-Wen Tsai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Relative effectiveness of smoking cessation medications-varenicline, bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)-remains unclear among smokers in real-world settings. Evidence in females and smokers with light/moderate nicotine dependence is particularly insufficient. This study compared the effectiveness of varenicline, bupropion or NRT gum relative to NRT patch, in achieving abstinence among recent quitters. METHODS: In a national smoking cessation program in Taiwan (2012-2015), a cohort of 11,968 participants received varenicline (n = 5,052), bupropion (n = 823), NRT gum (n = 1944) or NRT patch (n = 4,149)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891229/nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-agitation-and-delirium-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Melanie Kowalski, Andrew A Udy, Hayden J McRobbie, Michael J Dooley
BACKGROUND: Active smokers are prevalent within the intensive care setting and place a significant burden on healthcare systems. Nicotine withdrawal due to forced abstinence on admission may contribute to increased agitation and delirium in this patient group. The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether management of nicotine withdrawal, with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), reduces agitation and delirium in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882838/a-pragmatic-randomized-trial-comparing-telephone-based-enhanced-pharmacy-care-and-usual-care-to-support-smoking-cessation
#15
Jason Gong, Christine L Baker, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Zhanna Jumadilova, David Lawrence, Beth Wilson, Cynthia Ewel
BACKGROUND: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death, and tobacco control professionals continue to make progress in cessation efforts. Pharmacists can assist smokers seeking to quit by offering counseling on smoking cessation pharmacotherapies. Pragmatic randomized trials are useful for investigating practical questions about an intervention's risks, benefits, and costs in routine clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an enhanced pharmacy care (EPC) program involving personalized pharmacist-provided telephone counseling for supporting prescription smoking cessation medications compared with usual care (UC)...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851994/pregnancy-outcomes-after-maternal-varenicline-use-analysis-of-surveillance-data-collected-by-the-european-network-of-teratology-information-services
#17
J L Richardson, S Stephens, L M Yates, O Diav-Citrin, J Arnon, D Beghin, A Kayser, D Kennedy, D Cupitt, B Te Winkel, M Peltonen, Y C Kaplan, S H L Thomas
: Varenicline is a smoking cessation aid for which limited data exist concerning safety during human pregnancy. This multicentre prospective observational comparative cohort study was undertaken using surveillance data collected by the European Network of Teratology Information Services. The study sample consisted of 89 varenicline exposed pregnancies and two matched comparator groups; 267 non-teratogen exposed (NTE) controls and 78 exposed to nicotine replacement therapy or bupropion (NRT/B) for smoking cessation...
November 13, 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836982/improving-adherence-to-smoking-cessation-treatment-intervention-effects-in-a-web-based-randomized-trial
#18
Amanda L Graham, George D Papandonatos, Sarah Cha, Bahar Erar, Michael S Amato, Nathan K Cobb, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams
BACKGROUND: Web-based smoking cessation interventions can deliver evidence-based treatments to a wide swath of the population, but effectiveness is often limited by insufficient adherence to proven treatment components. This study evaluated the impact of a social network (SN) intervention and free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) on adherence to evidence-based components of smoking cessation treatment in the context of a Web-based intervention. METHODS: A sample of adult U...
November 11, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832565/safety-of-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-critically-ill-smokers-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
A Kerr, J T McVey, A M Wood, Fmp Van Haren
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a common first-line treatment to prevent nicotine withdrawal in smokers. However, available literature reports conflicting results regarding its efficacy and safety in critically ill patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between NRT in smokers in the intensive care unit (ICU) and outcomes. This case-control study was conducted in a university-affiliated tertiary hospital ICU. Over a period of five years, 126 active smokers who received transdermal NRT were matched to 126 active smokers who did not receive NRT...
November 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810948/impact-of-a-temporary-nrt-enhancement-in-a-state-quitline-and-web-based-program
#20
Sam Cole, Casey Suter, Chelsea Nash, Joseph Pollard
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of a nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) enhancement on quit outcomes. DESIGN: Observational study using an intent to treat as treated analysis. SETTING: Not available. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4022 Idaho tobacco users aged ≥18 years who received services from the Idaho Tobacco Quitline or Idaho's web-based program. INTERVENTION: One-call phone or web-based participants were sent a single 4- or 8-week NRT shipment...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
keyword
keyword
110755
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"